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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 49-52, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005904

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of primary drug resistance among HIV-1 patients in Hubei Province from 2020 to 2022, and to provide corresponding basis and data support for HIV antiviral therapy (ART) in Hubei Province. Methods During 2020-2022, plasma samples of HIV-1 infected patients before ART were collected., Patients’ demographic data and baseline laboratory test data were also collected. HIV-1 pol region was amplified by in-house method for sub-type typing and drug-resistant mutation site analysis. Results The pol gene sequence was successfully amplified in 242 of 285 cases, with a success rate of 84.9%. CRF07_BC was the predominant HIV-1 sub-type, accounting for 47.11% (114/242), followed by CRF01_AE, accounting for 25.21% (61/242), sub-type B, accounting for 14.16% (35/242), and CRF55_01B, accounting for 4.13% (10/242). The primary resistance rate was 6.20% (15/242). The mutation site of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) was mainly M184V, and the mutation sites of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) were mainly E138A/G/EG and V179E. These different mutation sites led to different degrees of drug resistance to 12 drugs. The incidence of drug resistance mutation of CRF55_01B sub-type was significantly higher than that of other sub-types. Conclusion The primary drug resistance rate of HIV-1 infected patients is at a slightly high level in Hubei Province, and close monitoring of primary drug resistance and mutation sites should be strengthened before ART, especially for CRF55_01B sub-type.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 94-104, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005431

ABSTRACT

Decoction is the most commonly used dosage form in the clinical treatment of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). During boiling, the violent movement of various active ingredients in TCM creates molecular forces such as hydrogen bonding, π-π stacking, hydrophobic interactions and electrostatic interactions, which results in the formation of self-assembled aggregates in decoction (SADs), including particles, gels, fibers, etc. It was found that SADs widely existed in decoction with biological activities superior to both effective monomers and their physical mixtures, providing a new idea to reveal the pharmacodynamic material basis of Chinese herbal medicine from the perspective of component interactions-phase structure. Recently, SADs have become a novel focus of research in TCM. This paper reviewed their relevant studies in recent years and found some issues to be concerned in the research, such as the polydispersity of decoction system, instability of active ingredient interactions during boiling, uncertainty of the aggregates self-assembly rules, and stability, purity, yield of the products. In this regard, some solutions and new ideas were presented for the integrated development and clinical application of SADs.

3.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2023 Mar; 61(3): 196-203
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222587

ABSTRACT

Microbial oil has been gaining considerable attention from researchers recently as renewable and ecofriendly oil and its potential as feedstock for food industry and biodiesel industry. In this context, we have earlier demonstrated production of microbial oil and exopolysaccharide (EPS) from the yeast Sporidiobolus pararoseus JD-2. In this study, we explored increasing its production by optimizing the culture condition and nutrition. As expected, culture temperature and dissolved oxygen (DO) are the contributing factors for co-producing microbial oil and EPS, in which 28? and lower quantum (i.e., 30 mL/500 mL) show the best conditions in shake-flasks fermentation. By contrast, the initial pH from 4 to 8 has no obvious effect on producing microbial oil and EPS. In addition, the culture nutrition (i.e., carbon/nitrogen source) were also discussed, and indicating that 20 g/L of corn steep liquor and 60 g/L of glucose are beneficial to produce microbial oil and EPS (i.e., 34.1±1.2 g/L and 11.5±0.2 g/L, respectively). Meanwhile, the residue glucose should be maintained at 20 g/L, in which the highest production of microbial oil and EPS was obtained (i.e., 34.6±1.7 g/L and 11.7±0.8 g/L, respectively). The biomass, microbial oil and EPS were further increased during optimizing the DO level, which reached to 67.8±2.1 g/L, 34.7±0.6 g/L and 11.8±0.5 g/L during maintaining DO level at 20-30%, respectively. The results suggest that appropriate culture condition and nutrition considerably improve the fermentation performance of S. pararoseus JD-2 and significantly increase co-production of microbial oil and EPS (by 11.2 and 8.3%, respectively) compared to the un-optimized fermentation.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 81-84, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964375

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between maternal parenting styles and quality of life among preschools,to provide a scientific theoretical basis for interventions targeting at prmoting early life health.@*Methods@#From May to July, 2021, a stratified cluster sampling method was used to enroll 4 233 child mother dyads from 14 preschools in Chengdu. An online questionnaire survey was administered to collect socio demographic information, maternal parenting styles, and children s quality of life.@*Results@#The overall score of quality of life was (80.17±9.81) among preschool children in Chengdu. In the multivariate linear regression models, maternal emotional warmth were significantly associated with higher scores in emotional functioning, social functioning, school functioning, psychosocial health summary score, and total scores ( β coefficients in the high level group were 2.63 , 4.95 , 12.05, 6.54,4.88, P <0.05). In contrast, both maternal rejection and overprotection were significantly associated with lower scores in physical functioning, emotional functioning, social functioning, school functioning, psychosocial health summary score, and the total scores of children s quality of life (for rejection: β coefficients in the high level group were -9.39, -10.82, -7.12 , -6.04 , -8.00, and -8.35 , respectively; for overprotection: β coefficients in the high level group were -6.71, -5.85, -3.08 , -2.39 , -3.77, and - 4.51 , respectively, P <0.05). The associations between high level of maternal rejection and children s emotional functioning showed significant gender differences( β =-3.23, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Maternal parenting style has a significant impact on children s quality of life. Interventions targeting at maternal parenting styles may be beneficial to improve the quality of life in preschool children.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5659-5667, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008763

ABSTRACT

This study explored the medication rules of Chinese herbal compound prescriptions for the treatment of angina based on the Chinese herbal compound patents in the patent database of the China National Intellectual Property Administration. The data of eligible Chinese herbal compound patents for the treatment of angina were collected from the patent database of the China National Intellectual Property Administration from database inception to November 10, 2022, and subjected to data modeling, analysis of main syndromes, medication frequency analysis, cluster analysis, association rule analysis, and data visualization by using Excel 2021, IBM SPSS Statistics 26.0, IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0, Cytoscape 3.9.1, and Rstudio R 4.2.2.2 to explore the medication rules for angina. The study included 636 pieces of patent data for angina that met the inclusion criteria, involving 815 drugs, with a total frequency of 6 586. The most common main syndromes were blood stasis obstructing the heart syndrome(222, 34.91%) and Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome(112, 17.61%). The top 10 most frequently used drugs were Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Carthami Flos, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Borneolum Syntheticum, and Corydalis Rhizoma. High-frequency drugs included blood-activating and stasis-resolving drugs(1 197, 18.17%) and deficiency-tonifying drugs(809, 12.28%). Cluster analysis identified eight drug combinations, including five new prescriptions suitable for clinical use and new drug development, and three drug pairs. The core drug combination of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Carthami Flos was identified through the complex co-occurrence network analysis of Chinese medicines. Association rule analysis yielded a total of 17 rules, including 13 drug pairs and 4 tripartite combinations. Common drug pairs included Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Chuanxiong Rhizoma(support degree 25.79%, confidence coefficient 69.49%, lift 1.30) and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma(support degree 22.01%, confidence coefficient 61.95%, lift 1.16). Common tripartite combinations included Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Astragali Radix(support degree 10.85%, confidence coefficient 73.40%, lift 1.37) and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma(support degree 10.69%, confidence coefficient 79.07%, lift 1.48). The results showed that the underlying pathogenesis of angina involved blood stasis obstructing the heart and Qi deficiency and blood stasis. The overall nature of the disease was characterized as asthenia in origin and sthenia in superficiality. In the prescription formulation, blood-activating and stasis-resolving drugs, such as Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and Carthami Flos were often used to resolve the excess manifestation, which were combined with tonifying drugs such as Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma to reinforce the deficiency. The syndrome, pathogenesis, disease nature, and medication were consistent with clinical practice. Additionally, the new compound prescriptions and drug combinations derived from the multiple data mining in this study could provide references and insights for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of angina and the development of new drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Prescriptions , Data Mining , Drug Combinations
6.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 737-745, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005799

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the causal association between interleukin (IL) level and constipation by using two-sample Mendelian randomization. 【Methods】 Analyses were performed based on the data from gene-wide association studies (GWAS). Both interleukin and constipation data were obtained from European populations. IL as an exposure variable was obtained from two GWAS data sets: ⅰ. from a genetic map of the human plasma proteome containing 3 301 samples; ⅱ. from a GWAS data set on 90 circulating proteins, containing 30 931 samples. Constipation as an outcome variable was obtained from two GWAS data sets: ⅰ. from Finngene, containing 26919 cases and 282235 controls; ⅱ. from UKBiobank, containing a total of 3 328 cases and 459682 controls. Single nucleotide polymorphisms strongly associated with exposure variables were used as instrumental variables, with inverse variance weighted (IVW) as the main analysis method, MR-egger regression and weighted median method as supplementary evidence for IVW results, and horizontal pleiotropy and heterogeneity were tested to ensure the stability of the results. 【Results】 In both of the two different outcome variables GWAS data, IVW analysis results showed that decreased level of IL-17 receptor C was associated with an increased risk of constipation, with ORs of 0.956 (95% CI: 0.916-0.997, P=0.036‖Finngene) and 0.998 (95% CI: 0.997-0.999, P=0.040‖ukb). Increased level of IL-18 was associated with an increased risk of constipation, with ORs of 1.055 (95% CI: 1.008-1.104, P=0.022‖Finngene) and 1.001 (95% CI: 1.000-1.002, P=0.044‖ukb); while in the Finngene data, the IVW results also suggested that increased levels of IL-2 receptor alpha subunit α and decreased levels of IL-10 and IL-17 were associated with an increased risk of constipation, with ORs of 1.054 (95% CI: 1.001-1.110, P=0.049), 0.945 (95% CI: 0.896-0.996, P=0.035) and 0.934 (95% CI: 0.896-0.997, P=0.040). 【Conclusion】 IL-17 receptor C, IL-18, IL-2 receptor alpha subunit α, IL-10, and IL-17 were causally associated with the risk of constipation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1086-1091, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the influential factors of loneliness in the elderly aged ≥60 years in China. Methods: Data used in this study were obtained from participants aged ≥60 years from the China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey, with a sample size of 7 593. Loneliness was measured with loneliness scale, and the influence of subjective and objective factors on loneliness and their interaction were analyzed with stepwise linear regression model and simple slope test. SPSS 25.0 was used for statistical analysis. PROCESS 3.3 macro program was used for simple slope test. Results: A total of 8 926 participants were included. Among the objective factors, the elderly with poor family network have a higher level of loneliness (P<0.05), and community provision of elderly care services could reduce the loneliness of the elderly (P<0.05). Elderly people with subjective aging age ≤60 years old and poor social adaptation and emotional perception have higher levels of loneliness (all P<0.05). Subjective aging age plays a negative regulatory role in the impact of community elderly care services on loneliness (P<0.05), Social adaptation and emotional perception play a negative regulatory role in the impact of family network on loneliness (P<0.05). Conclusions: Elderly people aged ≥60 years of feeling of loneliness was affected by both subjective and objective factors and subjective factors play an important regulatory role in the influence of objective factors on elderly people's feeling of loneliness in China. Therefore, while creating a good aging environment to provide strong external support for the elderly, the subjective initiative of the elderly should also be fully mobilized, to alleviate the loneliness of the elderly from these two aspects.

8.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 343-347, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011573

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the association of normal weight obesity (NWO) with carotid atherosclerosis (CAS) and peripheral arterial stiffness (PAS) in persons received physical examination. 【Methods】 A total of 1 894 people with normal BMI (18.5-23.9 kg/m2) were consecutively enrolled for this study. All these people had completed body fat measurement, carotid artery ultrasound examination and peripheral arterial stiffness detection. Then they were divided into control group, CAS group, PAS group, and CAS + PAS group according to the test results mentioned above. Clinical data were compared between different groups to assess the baseline situation. Besides, Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine independent risk factors for atherosclerosis. 【Results】 The proportion of NWO in CAS group, PAS group, and CAS + PAS group was significantly higher than that in normal group (P<0.05). Univariate analysis results showed that NWO was correlated with greater risks of both CAS and PAS (P<0.05). However, multiple factors analysis suggested that NWO was not associated with PAS, but with CAS (OR=1.286, 95% CI: 1.032-1.603, P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 NWO is closely related to the occurrence of CAS and may be an independent risk factor for CAS. Attention should be paid to the body fat mass of the NWO population. Early intervention is needed to prevent the occurrence of CAS in these people.

9.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 71-74, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936439

ABSTRACT

Objective Limiting antigen avidity enzyme immunoassay (LAg-Avidity EIA) was applied to calculate the HIV-1 incidence of new HIV infections among men who have sex with men(MSM), drug users(DUS), female sex workers(FSW) and male patients in sexually transmitted diseases clinics(STD) in 2017-2020 of Hubei. Methods HIV-1 antibody positive samples were collected from four key groups in the national HIV sentinel surveillance from 2017 to 2020, and tested by the LAg-Avidity EIA to estimate the annual new infection rate of each group. Results The prevalence of MSM was 2.90%, 4.48%, 3.63 and 2.78% from 2017-2020, respectively, which was the highest among the four groups. The rate of late diagnosis increased from 16.67% in 2017 to 28.81% in 2020.The incidence of MSM was 1.64%(0.85%-2.44%),1.41%(0.59%-2.23%),1.46% (0.71%-2.21%) and 0.96%(0.34%-1.57%), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (χ2=1.491, P=0.684). The prevalence of STD from 2017-2020 was 0.03%, 0.01%, 0.06% and 0.08%, respectively, with the incidence was 0.09% (-0.06%-0.25%), 0.10(-0.06%-0.26%), 0.26% (0.02%-0.50%) and 0.04%(-0.07%-0.15%). The prevalence and incidence among FSW remains very low, while the prevalence of DUS fluctuated slightly, but no new infections have been detected. Conclusion The incidence of new HIV infection among MSM in Hubei province from 2017-2020 is relatively high compared with other key groups, but the overall trend is declining, thus the intervention of MSM should be further strengthened and expand the coverage of testing in key populations.

10.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 71-74, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906622

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the positive results of HIV antibody screening in the laboratory of AIDS confirmation center of Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention from 2014 to 2020, and to provide a basis for improving detection strategies. Methods A total of 2 728 primary screening positive specimens received by the laboratory of Hubei confirmation center from 2014 to 2020 were retested with two reagents. Specimens with at least one reactive result were confirmed with western blot (WB). The samples with uncertain or negative WB results were further confirmed by nucleic acid quantitative detection. The test results were analyzed retrospectively. Results A total of 2 297 specimens with positive retest results were confirmed by WB, with a positive rate of 93.47%. The highest proportion of patients was from medical institutions. The positive rate detected by 4 diagnostic kits was apparently higher in S/CO>10 cases than that in S/CO≤10, and the difference was statistically significant (P 5 000cps / ml, and 12 cases were TND. 13 of the 30 WB negative samples had nucleic acid test results>5 000CPs/mL . Conclusions The coverage of HIV screening laboratories in hospitals at all levels should be further increased to find more HIV infected persons. The anti-HIV ELISA S/CO ratio is correlated with the positive results confirmed by western blot. Therefore, ELISA S/CO ratio can be used to predict anti-HIV antibody positivity. For samples with uncertain or negative WB detection, supplemental nucleic acid test should be carried out timely for early diagnosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1233-1240, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the knowledgement and clinical application of neurogenic bladder and intermittent catheterization among nurses in Guangdong. Methods:From December, 2020 to January, 2021, 241 nurses in Guangdong were investigated with a questionnaire designed by ourselves. Results:The score was low in understanding the neurogenic bladder rehabilitation nursing management and intermittent catheterization through self-assessment. The awareness was deficient in the complication and risk management of neurogenic bladder. Although there were a lot of patients with dysuria in clinical practice, 67.2% of nurses still used indwelling catheter, and only 24.1% used intermittent catheterization. Only 9.9% nurses thought that patients with dysuria were treated positively by doctors. Most of nurses would like to participate in the training and nursing alliance in neurogenic bladder rehabilitation nursing management and intermittent catheterization, and manage patients with neurogenic bladder after discharge. Conclusion:The knowledge of guidelines related with neurogenic bladder and intermittent catheterization among nurses is insufficient, and is not applied in clinical practice. More work should be done to improve the knowledge and standardization of management of neurogenic bladder.

12.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1296-1299, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003965

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To develop an assay to determine β-lactam antibiotics using microcolumn gels and to study the β-lactam antibiotics present in the blood of patients and their clinical significances. 【Methods】 446 patients with a history of taking β-lactam antibiotics from January 2019 to June 2019 were randomly selected from Trauma Emergency Center, Department of Arthrosis, Department of Spine and Department of Bone Oncology of our hospital, and 4 mL(per capita) venous blood was collected. Irregular antibody screening, anti-globulin detection and drug antibody determination were performed by microcolumn gel method. The data of gender, age, disease, blood transfusion history and medication were collected. The test results and clinical data were retrospective analyzed. 【Results】 The yielding rate of antibody was 0.45%(2/446) in patients with a history of taking β -lactam antibiotics. 16.38%(73/446) of the samples were positive in direct antiglobulin test, and 64.38%(47/73) of them did not agglutinate with RBCs treated with drugs. The yielding rate of specific antibodies against drug was 4.93%(22/446), and the titer ranged from 2 to 128(8). 1 case of auto-IgM antibody, 1 case of blood group related antibody and 2 cases of non-specific protein adsorption were detected. The yielding rate of drug antibody in patients with blood transfusion history reached to 12.10 %(22/124), so it was also high in patients with bone tumor. 【Conclusion】 Direct antiglobulin assay is helpful for the detection of β-lactam antibodies. The negative results of antibody screening cannot completely exclude the presence of drug antibodies. The yielding rate of drug antibody can be greatly improved by specific drug antibody detection, and it was higher in transfused patients relative to non-transfused one.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1855-1865, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887588

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endotoxin tolerance (ET) is a protective phenomenon in which pre-treatment with a tolerance dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) leads to dramatically elevated survival. Accumulating evidence has shown that peripheral T cells contribute to the induction of ET. However, what happens to T cell development in the thymus under ET conditions remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to analyze the alterations in thymocyte populations (double-positive [DP] and single-positive [SP] cells) under ET conditions.@*METHODS@#Mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS at a concentration of 5 mg/kg to establish an LPS tolerance model and were divided into two groups: a group examined 72 h after LPS injection (72-h group) and a group examined 8 days after LPS injection (8-day group). Injection of phosphate-buffered saline was used as a control (control group). Changes in thymus weight, cell counts, and morphology were detected in the three groups. Moreover, surface molecules such as CD4, CD8, CD44, CD69, and CD62L were analyzed using flow cytometry. Furthermore, proliferation, apoptosis, cytokine production, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway signaling were analyzed in thymocyte populations. The polymorphism and length of the T-cell receptor (TCR) β chain complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) were analyzed using capillary electrophoresis DNA laser scanning analysis (ABI 3730).@*RESULTS@#Thymus weight and cell counts were decreased in the early stage but recovered by the late stage in a murine model of LPS-induced ET. Moreover, the proportions of DP cells (control: 72.130 ± 4.074, 72-h: 10.600 ± 3.517, 8-day: 84.770 ± 2.228), CD4+ SP cells (control: 15.770 ± 4.419, 72-h: 44.670 ± 3.089, 8-day: 6.367 ± 0.513), and CD8+ SP cells (control: 7.000 ± 1.916, 72-h: 34.030 ± 3.850, 8-day: 5.133 ± 0.647) were obviously different at different stages of ET. The polymorphism and length of TCR β chain CDR3 also changed obviously, indicating the occurrence of TCR rearrangement and thymocyte diversification. Further analysis showed that the expression of surface molecules, including CD44, CD69, and CD62L, on thymocyte populations (DP and SP cells) were changed to different degrees. Finally, the proliferation, apoptosis, cytokine production, and ERK pathway signaling of thymocyte populations were changed significantly.@*CONCLUSION@#These data reveal that alterations in thymocyte populations might contribute to the establishment of ET.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cell Differentiation , Endotoxins/toxicity , Flow Cytometry , Signal Transduction , Thymocytes , Thymus Gland
14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 548-552, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore a scoring system of preoperative evaluation for high-risk gastric stromal tumors.Methods:A total of 275 consecutive patients with gastric stromal tumors of diameter ≤5 cm who underwent surgical or endoscopic resection at Xijing Hospital between 2008 and 2018 were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate independent risk factors for high-risk gastric stromal tumors.Weighted points was proportionally assigned based on β regression coefficient value to establish the scoring system. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, the scoring system as the test variable, and the area under curve (AUC) was calculated.Results:Multivariate analysis revealed tumor size>1.75 cm ( OR=6.474, 95% CI: 2.335-17.948), irregular tumor shape ( OR=3.548, 95% CI: 1.745-7.216) and mucosal ulceration ( OR=2.412, 95% CI: 1.154-5.041) were independent risk factors for high-risk gastric stromal tumors of diameter ≤5 cm ( P<0.05). These risk factors for high-risk gastric stromal tumors were weighted with value: one point for mucosal ulceration, two points for irregular tumor shape and three points for tumor size>1.75 cm. The AUC value of the scoring system was 0.781, of which the cut-off value was 4. According to the cut-off value, 0-3 points was categorized as the low risk group and 4-6 points as the high risk group for gastric stromal tumors. The incidence of high-risk gastric stromal tumors of the low risk group and the high risk group were 13.3% (26/196) and 48.1% (38/79), respectively, with significant difference ( χ2=38.266, P<0.001). Conclusion:Tumor size larger than 1.75 cm, irregular tumor shape and mucosal ulceration can be applied to establish a preoperative scoring system to predict high-risk gastric stromal tumors of diameter ≤5 cm.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 55-59, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867821

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the reliability of novel 3D classification of intertrochanteric fractures by comparing the consistency between conventional and novel classifications.Methods Included for the present study were the preoperative X-ray and CT images of 189 patients with intertrochanteric fracture who had been hospitalized at Department of Orthopaedics,Beijing Chao Yang Hospital,Capital Medical University from 1 January,2017 to 1 January,2019.The patients' intertrochanteric fractures were classified by 6 orthopedic surgeons independently using Evans classification,Jensen classification,AO classification and novel 3D classification,respectively.One month later,the original images of the 189 patients were renumbered and classified again in the same way.The Kappa values between observers and within observers were calculated for the classifications of intertrochanteric fractures based on X-ray and CT images.Results In Evans classification,Jensen classification,AO classification and novel 3D classification,the interobserver Kappa values of X-ray films were 0.54 ± 0.03,0.53 ± 0.03,0.45 ± 0.03 and 0.63 ± 0.02,respectively,and the interobserver Kappa values of the CT images were 0.49 ± 0.03,0.49 ± 0.03,0.44 ± 0.04 and 0.63 ± 0.03.The intraobserver Kappa values of the X-ray films were 0.53 ± 0.02,0.54 ± 0.03,0.44 ±0.04 and 0.65 ± 0.02,respectively,and the intraobserver Kappa values of the CT images were 0.52 ± 0.03,0.52 ±0.03,0.41 ±0.02 and 0.64 ±0.03.In the novel classification based on X-ray and CT images,the interobserver and intraobserver Kappa values were both significantly higher than those in Evans,Jensen and AO classifications (P < 0.05).Conclusion The novel 3D classification of intertrochanteric fractures is more reliable than the conventional ones.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1801-1804, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application of PDCA mode in the management of blood transfusion waiting time.Methods:Using random block design, 98 patients received blood transfusion during January to December 2018 were included into the before improvement; 32 patients received blood transfusion during January to June 2019 were included into the after improvement. Standard process of blood taking and transfusion was applied to the before improvement, while based on standard process, found out the deficiencies in the previous clinical practice, continuously improved the details of the process for the after improvement. Then blood transfusion waiting times were compared between the two groups.Results:The blood transfusion waiting time was (26.95±9.20) min before improvement and (25.59±4.16) min after improvement, with a significantly lower disqualification rate 6.25% (2/32) comparing with 26.53% (26/98) before improvement. The differences were statistically significant ( t value was 3.75, P<0.01; χ2 value was 5.87, P<0.05). Conclusions:The application of PDCA circulation management mode can shorten the blood transfusion waiting time and transfusion can be made within 30 minutes after blood taking so that nursing quality of transfusion in the ward can be improved.

17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 664-668, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826675

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety differences between acupuncture-moxibustion at acute stage and non-acute stage for peripheral facial paralysis.@*METHODS@#The clinical trials regarding acupuncture- moxibustion for peripheral facial paralysis published before May 31st 2019 were searched in databases of CNKI, WF, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. The information of included studies was extracted and the quality was assessed by two independent researchers. The Meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 trials were included, involving 1741 patients. The Meta-analysis results showed that: (1) the curative rate of acupuncture-moxibustion at acute stage was higher than that at non-acute stage (=2.45, 95%: 1.91-3.14, =7.06, <0.01); (2) the average curative time of acupuncture-moxibustion at acute stage were shorter than that of non-acute stage (=5.26, 95%: 3.44, 7.08, =5.67, <0.01); (3) the incidence rate of sequelae in 6-month follow up of acupuncture-moxibustion at acute stage were lower than that of non-acute stage (=2.71, 95%: 1.26, 5.84, =2.56, <0.05); (4) one study reported that there were no adverse reactions during treatment in both treatment group and control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on current evidence, the efficacy of acupuncture-moxibustion at acute stage is superior to non-acute stage, which could promote the recovery of the disease and shorten the course of treatment, and reduce the occurrence of sequelae. More high-quality, large-sample randomized controlled trials are needed for further verification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Facial Paralysis , Therapeutics , Moxibustion , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 5515-5520, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850707

ABSTRACT

Objective: To detect the effects of dicentrine on the migration and invasion of human hepatocellular carcinoma MHCC97-H cells and potential mechanisms. Methods: MHCC97-H cells were cultured in vitro and cultured at logarithmic growth stage. The cells were treated with 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 μmol/L dicentrine for 24, 48, 72 h, and cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay. The cells were treated with 5, 10, 25 μmol/L dicentrine for 24 h, the cell adhesion, cell migration, cell invasion, gene expression of VEGF, MMP-2 and MMP-9, and protein expression of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 were determined by MTT, scratch, Transwell, real-time qPCR, and western blot assay, respectively. Results: The cell viability of MHCC-97H cells treated with 25 μmol/L dicentrine at 48 and 72 h, and 50 and 100 μmol/L dicentrine at 24, 48, and 72 h was decreased significantly, which was significantly different from that of the control group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Compared with control group, cell adhesion ability, wound healing ability, cell penetration modulus, gene expression of VEGF, MMP-2 and MMP-9, and protein expression of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 of MHCC-97H cells treated with 5, 10 and 25 μmol/L dicentrine at 24 h were decreased significantly (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Conclusion: Dicentrine can inhibit the migration and invasion of human hepatocellular carcinoma MHCC97-H cells, which is related to the down-regulation of VEGF, MMP-2, and MMP-9 gene expression and inhibition of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway activation.

19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 596-601, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818287

ABSTRACT

Objective The role and action mechanisms of NADH dehydrogenase 1 alpha subcomplex 4 (NDUFA4) in the development of human colorectal cancer (CRC) are not yet clarified. This article aims to study the effect of overexpressed NDUFA4 on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human CRC cells. Methods The recombinant plasmid NDUFA4 (p-NDUFA4) and control plasmid (p-Cont) were transiently transfected into human CRC HCT116 cells. The expression of NDUFA4 in the cells was determined by real-time PCR and Western blot respectively, and the migration ability of the cells detected by Transwell migration and wound healing assays. The expression levels of MMP2, MMP9 and CXCR4 in the cells were measured by qRT-PCR, and those of Twist, Snail, E-cadherin and Vimentin by Western blot and by immunofluorescence assay, respectively. Results Compared with the p-Cont group, the human CRC HCT116 cells of the p-NDUFA4 group showed significantly up-regulated expressions of NDUFA4 mRNA ([0.96±0.15]% vs [1.94±0.08]%, P<0.05) and NDUFA4 protein ([0.06±0.05]% vs [1.07±0.12]%, P<0.05), increased in vitro migration ability ([29.51±3.17]% vs [54.36±4.08]%, P<0.01) and migrated cell rate ([0.99±0.12]% vs [1.85±0.10]%, P<0.01), elevated expression levels of MMP2, MMP9, CXCR4, N-cadherin,Vimentin, Snail and Twist, but down-regulated level of E-cadherin (P<0.05). Conclusion Overexpressed NDUFA4 promotes the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of human colorectal cancer cells.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 73-78, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe effect of ginsenoside Rh2 (GRh2) on the invasion and migration of colon cancer resistant cells HCT116/L-OHP and its specific mechanism. Method:Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the inhibitory effect of different concentrations of GRh2 (0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40 mg·L-1) on HCT116/L-OHP cell proliferation, scratch assay, Transwell assay and adhesion assay were used to detect the effects of GRh2 (0, 2.5, 5, 10 mg·L-1) on cell migration, invasion and adhesion. The protein expression levels of E-cadherin and matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) were examined by Western blot. Result:Compared with control group, GRh2(5, 10, 20, 40 mg·L-1) significantly inhibited the proliferation of HCT116/L-OHP cells in a dose-dependent manner(PP2 group (5, 10 mg·L-1) was significantly decreased (PP2 group was significantly decreased (PP2 group was significantly reduced (PP2 (10, 20, 30 mg·L-1) promoted E-cadherin protein expression (PPPConclusion:GRh2 can significantly inhibit the invasion and migration of HCT116/L-OHP in colon cancer cells, and its potential mechanism may be related to the promotion of E-cadherin and the inhibition of MMP-9 expression in a dose-dependent manner.

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