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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the quality of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET images at different acquisition times through deep learning (DL) PET image reconstruction methods. Methods:A total of 45 patients (20 males, 25 females; age (52.0±13.6) years) with malignant tumors and PET/CT scans from September 2020 to October 2020 in the Department of Nuclear Medicine of the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were included in this retrospective study. The short acquisition time 30 s/bed PET images from the raw list mode were selected as the input of DL model. DL image reconstruction model, based on the Unet algorithm, was trained to output imitated PET images with full dose standard acquisition time (3 min). The image quality evaluation and quantitative analysis were carried out for four groups of images: DL images, 30 s, 90 s, and 120 s images, respectively. The quality of PET images in four groups was evaluated using the five-point method. Liver background activities, lesions quantification parameters (maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max), mean standardized uptake value (SUV mean), standard deviation (SD), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR)), and first-order texture features (skewness, kurtosis, uniformity, entropy) were measured. Kappa test, χ2 test and one-way analysis of variance (least significant difference t test) were used for data analysis. Results:The image quality scores between four groups were highly consistent ( Kappa=0.799, P<0.001). The number of patients with scores≥3 in DL, 30 s, 90 s and 120 s groups were 6, 4, 7 and 8, respectively ( χ2=125.47, P<0.001). The liver SD of DL group was significantly lower than that of 30 s group (0.26±0.07 vs 0.43±0.11; F=3.58, t=-7.91, P<0.05). The liver SNR of DL group was higher than that of 30 s group (11.04±4.36 vs 5.41±1.41; F=10.22, t=5.40, P<0.05). The liver SD and SNR of DL group were similar to those of 90 s group (0.39±0.16, 8.46±3.34; t values: -0.87 and 2.17, both P>0.05). In 18 tumor lesions with high uptake, SNR and CNR of DL group were significantly higher than those of 30 s group (60.21±29.26 vs 38.38±16.54, 22.26±15.85 vs 15.41±9.51; F values: 13.09 and 7.05; t values: 5.20 and 4.04, both P<0.001). There were statistically significant differences among four groups in the first-order texture features ( F values: 4.30-9.65, all P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between DL group and 120 s group ( t values: from -1.25 to 0.15, all P>0.05). Conclusion:DL reconstruction model can improve the quality of short-frame PET images, which meets the needs of clinical diagnosis, efficacy evaluation and radiomics research.

2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880833

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of environmental estrogen bisphenol A (BPA) exposure on apoptosis of mouse ovarian preantral follicular granulosa cells and ovarian development and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Mouse ovarian preantral follicular granulosa cells were isolated from female ICR mice at postnatal day (PND) 10 and cultured @*RESULTS@#Compared with the control cells group, the isolated cells exposed to a low concentration of BPA (50 μmol/L) showed a significantly lowered apoptosis rate, increased mitochondrial membrane potential, and enhanced cellular proliferation (@*CONCLUSIONS@#BPA can concentration-dependently regulate the function of ovarian preantral follicular granulosa cells in mice and potentially affects both the pregnant mice and the offspring female mice in light of early ovarian development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Benzhydryl Compounds , Female , Granulosa Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Ovarian Follicle , Phenols , Pregnancy
4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 609-614, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the predictive value of histogram parameters derived from synthetic MRI for extramural venous invasion (EMVI) of rectal cancer.Methods:Totally 76 patients with pathologically proven rectal adenocarcinoma were enrolled in this retrospective study from November 2018 to December 2019 in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. All participants underwent preoperative rectal MRI examination including MAGiC within 4 weeks before surgery. The status of EMVI on MRI was independently assessed by one junior and one senior radiologist. Histogram parameters were extracted from T 1, T 2 and proton density (PD) mapping, including mean, variance, maximum, minimum, 10 th percentile, median, 90 th percentile, energy, kurtosis, entropy and skewness. With postoperative pathological result as the gold standard, the patients were divided into EMVI-positive group ( n=18) and EMVI-negative group ( n=58). The Mann-whitney U test was used to compare the differences in histogram parameters between the two groups. The ROC curves were used to explore the predictive performance for assessing EMVI. The logistic regression analysis was used to combine the assessment of radiologists with parameters whose area under the ROC curve (AUC)>0.7. The Delong test was used to analyze the differences of diagnostic efficacy between different methods in predicting EMVI. Results:Significant differences of the energy of T 1, T 2 and PD mapping and skewness of PD mapping were observed between the EMVI-positive and EMVI-negative group ( P<0.05), with the AUC of 0.744, 0.728, 0.708 and 0.652. The AUC of junior radiologist in evaluating EMVI was 0.711, and the AUC of the combination with energy of T 1, T 2 and PD mapping was 0.817, showing a statistically significant difference ( Z=2.281, P=0.023). The AUC of senior radiologist in evaluating EMVI was 0.837, and the AUC of the combination with energy was 0.856. There was a significant difference in AUC between junior and senior radiologists in assessing EMVI ( Z=2.587, P=0.010), while there was no significant difference between junior radiologist combined with energy and senior radiologist ( Z=0.578, P=0.563). Conclusion:The histogram parameters based on quantitative mapping of synthetic MRI were useful for predicting EMVI of rectal cancer.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883980

ABSTRACT

Cognitive impairment includes several clinical processes from mild cognitive impairment to dementia, and now it has been a serious public health problem, as there is no effective treatment, it has caused a heavy economic and psychological burden on the family and society, therefore, it seems important to find effective intervention means.Vitamin D is an essential nutrient element for the human body, more and more evidences show that it also participates in many extraskeletal biological reactions, such as nervous system regulatory processes, in addition to calcium and phosphorus metabolism.Several researches have revealed that Vitamin D deficiency is associated with impaired cognition, the mechanisms mediating this link are poorly understood, what's more, for further clinical application, we need to solve the problems like choosing the suitable populations and drug dosage, therefore, this article summarizes and analyzes the effects of serum Vitamin D levels on the cognitive function of different populations, the research progress of Vitamin D intervention research and its possible mechanism of action, hoping to provide references for the clinical application of Vitamin D in the treatment of cognitive impairment.The results show that Vitamin D deficiency is related to the decline of cognitive function in different populations, and Vitamin D can improve cognitive function through reducing Aβ toxicity, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress and other mechanisms, its supplementation is expected to be an important measure of treating cognitive impairment, in the future, large-scale longitudinal cohort studies are needed to determine the optimal dosage and duration of treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether anxiety state and anxiety trait modulate specifically pain-induced brain responses by comparing the brain activations induced by painful stimulation and those by tactile stimulation in college students with different levels of anxiety state or anxiety trait.Methods:From April 2017 to September 2017, sixty-two college students were tested in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital.Each subject’s anxiety trait and anxiety state were assessed by the state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) prior to the fMRI experiment.During the fMRI experiment, each subject received painful and tactile stimuli.Their brain responses to each stimulus were collected by the MRI scanner, and the perceived intensity rating of each stimulus was collected using the visual analogue scale (VAS). The pain and tactile brain activation values of subjects with different state anxiety levels and different trait anxiety levels were compared.The fMRI brain activation was detected using general linear model.For each type of anxiety (state or trait), two-way ANOVA was performed to detect the interaction between anxiety level and stimulus modality on brain responses and two-sample t-tests were performed to analyze the specific form of interaction in each brain region. Results:There were interactions between state anxiety and stimulation modality on the activation intensity of bilateral posterior parietal lobe, dorsolateral prefrontal lobe and other brain regions( P<0.05, cluster-level FWE corrected) .The brain responses to tactile stimuli (5.66±0.65) in these areas were significantly stronger than those to painful stimuli (1.24±0.55) in the group of middle-level anxiety state ( P<0.001), but no significant difference was found in the other two groups (both P>0.05). For anxiety trait, a few brain areas in bilateral occipital cortex showed significant interactions between anxiety level and stimulus modality.The brain responses to tactile stimuli (8.38±1.00) in these areas were significantly stronger than those to painful stimuli (3.19±1.12) in the group of high-level anxiety trait ( P=0.001), but no significant difference was found in the other two groups (both P>0.05). Conclusion:The modulatory effects of anxiety (both state and trait) on brain responses are different between painful and tactile conditions.It provides important evidence for unveiling the brain mechanisms of the specific modulation of anxiety on pain, and suggests that patients' anxiety trait and anxiety state should be considered during clinical treatment of pain.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907372

ABSTRACT

Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is a progressive cognitive impairment caused by cerebrovascular disease or vascular risk factors. It is the second common type of cognitive impairment after Alzheimer's disease. VCI can be caused by a variety of signal and metabolic pathways. Its core mechanism is that cerebrovascular disease destroys the neurovascular unit composed of neurons, glial cells, and cerebrovascular endothelial cells. This article summarizes and discusses the known mechanisms of VCI, in order to deepen the understanding of the molecular pathological process of VCI and provide ideas for its prevention and treatment.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827236

ABSTRACT

Ephedra herb is a traditional Chinese medicine with a long history. Conventionally, it was used as a folk phytomedicine in many ancient medical books and traditional prescriptions. Up to date, a variety of specific ingredients have been found in Ephedra herb, mainly including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, polysaccharides, organic acids, volatile oils, and many other active compounds. These components from Ephedra herb account for its use as the accurate treatment of cold, cough, cardiovascular and immune system disease, cancer, microbial infection, and other diseases. Moreover, with the fast development of novel chemistry and medicine technology, new chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Ephedra herb are increasingly identified, demonstrating their great potential for various diseases treatment. Therefore, further detailed understanding and investigation of this ancient herb will offer new opportunities to develop novel therapeutics. This study systematically reviews its progress of phytochemistry, traditional and modern pharmacology based on research data that have been reported, aiming at providing useful insight for commercial exploitation, further study and precision medication of Ephedra herb in future.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare four reconstruction algorithms of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT on standardized uptake value (SUV) of pulmonary nodules. Methods:A total of 46 patients (27 males, 19 females; median age: 66 (range: 44-82) years) with solid pulmonary nodules from February 2018 to July 2019 in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University who performed 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were enrolled. All PET/CT images were retrospectively reconstructed by using four algorithms reconstructions including ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM), OSEM+ time of flight (TOF), OSEM+ TOF+ point spread function (PSF) and block sequential regularized expectation maximization (BSREM) (G1-G4). Nodule and background parameters were analyzed semi-quantitatively and visually. The maximum of SUV(SUV max), mean of SUV(SUV mean) and peak of SUV (SUV peak) were collected by the region of interest (ROI). Nodules were divided into small nodule group (diameter ≤10 mm) and large nodule group (10 mm < diameter ≤30 mm). Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test and Bonferroni method were performed to compare the differences of SUVs between G1-G4, and Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the change rate of SUV (%ΔSUV) and the diameter of nodules. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of SUV for the differential diagnosis of pulmonary nodules and to get the optimal threshold. Results:There were 114 pulmonary nodules (large nodules, n=55; small nodules, n=59). In visual analysis, the visual detection rates of small nodules in G4 were 55.93%(33/59), 44.07%(26/59), 20.34%(12/59) higher than those in G1-G3. Of 114 pulmonary nodules in 46 patients, there were differences in SUV max and SUV mean between G1-G4 (median SUV max : 2.65-5.29, median SUV mean: 2.05-2.99; H values: 20.628 and 17.749, respectively, both P<0.001), G4 had significant increases compared to G1 in SUV max (median 5.29 and 2.65, P<0.001) and SUV mean (median 2.99 and 2.05, P<0.001). The %ΔSUV max (median: 4.45%-52.96%) and %ΔSUV mean (median: 1.69%-47.56%) were negatively correlated with the diameter of nodules (9.75(6.20, 16.58) mm; r s values: -0.371 to -0.354, -0.371 to -0.320, all P<0.001). In 59 small nodules, G1 significantly increased the SUV max of G4 (median 4.05 and 2.14, H=18.327, P<0.001), while G4 significantly increased the SUV mean of G1 and G3 (median 2.31, 1.26 and 1.53, H=16.808, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in SUVs between G1-G4 in 55 large nodules ( H values: 0.812-7.290, all P>0.05). The optimal threshold values of SUV max in G1-G4 were 4.335, 5.185, 5.410, 5.745 and the area of under curves (AUCs) were 0.747, 0.699, 0.756, 0.778 respectively. The AUC of SUV mean and SUV peak also showed a similar trend. Conclusion:Among the four reconstruction algorithms, BRERM can not only enhance the image quality, but also significantly improve the SUV max and SUV mean of lung nodules diameter below 10 mm, and thus its diagnostic threshold of SUV should be appropriately increased.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the different functional connectivity of right caudate nucleus between adults with high myopia and normal vision controls.Methods:The resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging(fMRI) data were collected from twenty-five high myopia(HM group) and twenty-seven normal vision subjects(NC group). Right caudate nucleus and their subregions(anterior and posterior subregions included) were used as seeds to perform seed-based functional connectivity (FC)analyses at group level under three different frequency bands: convention (0.010~0.080 Hz), slow-5(0.010~0.027 Hz) and slow-4(0.027~0.073 Hz).Results:(1)Compared with NC group, FC of right caudate nucleus with left middle occipital gyrus(MNI: x=-48, y=-84, z=9), left fusiform gyrus(MNI: x=-30, y=-63, z=-12), and right middle frontal gyrus(MNI: x=39, y=12, z=39) were stronger in HM group(all P<0.05, Alphasim Corrected). (2)In HM group, these changed FC were mainly detected in the anterior subregion of right caudate nucleus.(3)The increased FC of right caudate nucleus and its anterior subregion with left middle occipital in HM group were mainly reflected in the frequency band of slow-4(all P<0.05, Alphasim Corrected). Conclusion:The right caudate nucleus in adults with high myopia may play compensatory roles in visual perception and visual attention by enhancing its functional connectivity with visual and visual attentional brain areas.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828384

ABSTRACT

Forskolin is a complex labdane plant diterpenoid, which has been used in the treatment of a variety of diseases based on its activity as an activator of adenosine monophosphate(cAMP) cyclase. Natural forskolin exists only in the cork layer of the root of Coleus forskohlii. Due to the complexity of the extraction and chemical synthesis processes, the yield and purity of forskolin cannot meet commercial requirements. In recent years, with the rapid development of synthetic biology and the analysis and interpretation of many diterpene biosynthetic pathways, a new approach has been provided for the green production of forskolin. In this paper, the structure, activity, biosynthetic pathway and the heterologous biosynthesis of forskolin were reviewed. The problems and solutions in the heterologous biosynthesis of forskolin were also discussed and summarized, which will provide references for the construction of high-yielding forskolin engineering strains.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Colforsin
12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1107-1122, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828343

ABSTRACT

A systematic characterization of the similarities and differences among different methods for detecting structural brain abnormalities in schizophrenia, such as voxel-based morphometry (VBM), tensor-based morphometry (TBM), and projection-based thickness (PBT), is important for understanding the brain pathology in schizophrenia and for developing effective biomarkers for a diagnosis of schizophrenia. However, such studies are still lacking. Here, we performed VBM, TBM, and PBT analyses on T1-weighted brain MR images acquired from 116 patients with schizophrenia and 116 healthy controls. We found that, although all methods detected wide-spread structural changes, different methods captured different information - only 10.35% of the grey matter changes in cortex were detected by all three methods, and VBM only detected 11.36% of the white matter changes detected by TBM. Further, pattern classification between patients and controls revealed that combining different measures improved the classification accuracy (81.9%), indicating that fusion of different structural measures serves as a better neuroimaging marker for the objective diagnosis of schizophrenia.

13.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 838-842, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method to determine the contents of clindamycin phosphate and clindamycin in long-circulating autologous erythrocyte-based drug. METHODS: Clindamycin phosphate and clindamycin were determined by HPLC with Shimadzu Shim-pack VP-ODS chromatographic column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) and Waters Symmetry C18 precolumn(3.9 mm×22 mm, 5 μm). The internal standard was nipagin ester. The mobile phase was composed of 0.062 5 mol•L-1 KH2PO4 and acetonitrile at 65∶35 (V/V) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL•min-1. The column temperature was maintained at 25 ℃ and the detection wavelength was set at 210 nm. RESULTS: The calibration curve of clindamycin phosphate showed good linearity in the range of 0.253-506 μg•mL-1, and the calibration curve of clindamycin showed good linearity in the range of 0.251-502 μg•mL-1. The average recovery was more than 98%. The test solution was stable at 4 ℃ and room temperature for 24 h, and the precision met requirements. CONCLUSION: The method is simple, specific, accurate and stable, which is suitable for the determination of clindamycin phosphate and clindamycin in long-circulating autologous erythrocyte-based drug.

14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1107-1122, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826754

ABSTRACT

A systematic characterization of the similarities and differences among different methods for detecting structural brain abnormalities in schizophrenia, such as voxel-based morphometry (VBM), tensor-based morphometry (TBM), and projection-based thickness (PBT), is important for understanding the brain pathology in schizophrenia and for developing effective biomarkers for a diagnosis of schizophrenia. However, such studies are still lacking. Here, we performed VBM, TBM, and PBT analyses on T1-weighted brain MR images acquired from 116 patients with schizophrenia and 116 healthy controls. We found that, although all methods detected wide-spread structural changes, different methods captured different information - only 10.35% of the grey matter changes in cortex were detected by all three methods, and VBM only detected 11.36% of the white matter changes detected by TBM. Further, pattern classification between patients and controls revealed that combining different measures improved the classification accuracy (81.9%), indicating that fusion of different structural measures serves as a better neuroimaging marker for the objective diagnosis of schizophrenia.

15.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 369-373, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818244

ABSTRACT

Objective The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MTHFD2 gene is expressed differentially in glioblastoma (GBM) and normal brain tissues, but its biological role in tumors, and particularly in GBM, remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the expression of lncRNA MTHFD2 in the GBM tissue and four GBM cell lines, and explore the effect of its down-regulated expression on the biological function of GBM cells. Methods Specimens of GBM and the paracancerous tissue (as normal control) were collected from 9 patients treated by surgical resection in our Department of Neurosurgery between September and December 2017 LV-MTHFD2-shRNA (U251 shRNA and U-87MG shRNA groups) and empty LV-control solution (U251 shRNA and U-87MG control groups) were transfected into the U251 and U-87MG cell lines. The expressions of lncRNA MTHFD2 in the GBM tissue and the GBM cell lines were detected by qRT-PCR, the chemosensitivity and proliferation of the cells after transfection measured by CCK-8 assay, and the changes in the cell migration ability determined by Transwell assay. Results The relative expression of lncRNA MTHFD2 was significantly higher in the GBM than in the normal tissue (5.13 ± 3.96 vs 1.27 ± 0.58, P < 0.05), while that of MTHFD2 was remarkably lower in the U251 shRNA than in the U251 control group (0.05 ± 0.01 vs 1.00 ± 0.00, P < 0.01), and so was that in the U-87MG shRNA than in the U-87MG control (P < 0.05). The number of cells penetrating the Transwell membrane was markedly lower in the U251 shRNA group than in the U251 control (41.4 ± 6.99 vs 125.8 ± 25.27 per field of view, P < 0.01), and so was that in the U-87MG shRNA than in the U-87MG control (P < 0.05). CCK-8 assay showed that, at 4 days after transfection, the A value was significantly decreased in the U251 shRNA and U-87MG shRNA groups as compared with the U251 control and U-87MG control groups (P < 0.05). Cellular drug resistance test manifested remarkably reduced fifty percent inhibitory concentrations (IC50) in the U251 shRNA and U-87MG shRNA groups as compared with the U251 control and U-87MG control groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion DDown-regulation of the expression of lncRNA MTHFD2 can inhibit the proliferation and migration of U251 and U-87MG cells and enhance the chemosensitivity of the cells to temozolomide, which suggests that lncRNA MTHFD2 could be a potential therapeutic target against GBM.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796991

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effectiveness of different multiple comparisons correction methods by comparing the detection rate and false positive rate of brain activation analysis using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data.@*Methods@#On the basis of task-based fMRI dataset (including low-intensity and high-intensity stimuli condition, n=20) and resting-state fMRI dataset(n=32), brain activation results were corrected by multiple comparsion correction methods in SPM and SnPM13 software, and the activation detection rate and false positive rate were compared with different correction methods.@*Results@#Voxel-or peak-based correction methods had relatively low false positive rate.When P<0.05 after correction, the proportion of the subjects with false-positive were 0.19 and 0.16, and the number of false-positive voxels were 404 and 2 448, respectively.But the two methods had low detection rate, which were more suitable for detecting strong activation.While cluster-based correction methods had relative high detection rate and high false positive rate.When P<0.05 after correction, the proportion of the subjects with false-positive were 0.34 and 0.38, and the number of false-positive voxels were 7 870 and 8 320, respectively.And thus they were more suitable for detecting weak activation. Group-level analysis could effectively reduce false positive rate.@*Conclusion@#In practice, researchers should choose a suitable correction method based on their specific research objectives and data to achieve a balance between the detection rate and false positive rate.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791130

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effectiveness of different multiple comparisons correction methods by comparing the detection rate and false positive rate of brain activation analysis using functional magnetic resonance imaging ( fMRI) data. Methods On the basis of task-based fMRI dataset ( including low-intensity and high-intensity stimuli condition,n=20) and resting-state fMRI dataset( n=32),brain acti-vation results were corrected by multiple comparsion correction methods in SPM and SnPM13 software,and the activation detection rate and false positive rate were compared with different correction methods. Results Voxel-or peak-based correction methods had relatively low false positive rate. When P<0. 05 after correction,the proportion of the subjects with false-positive were 0. 19 and 0. 16,and the number of false-pos-itive voxels were 404 and 2 448,respectively. But the two methods had low detection rate,which were more suitable for detecting strong activation. While cluster-based correction methods had relative high detection rate and high false positive rate. When P<0. 05 after correction,the proportion of the subjects with false-posi-tive were 0. 34 and 0. 38,and the number of false-positive voxels were 7 870 and 8 320,respectively. And thus they were more suitable for detecting weak activation. Group-level analysis could effectively reduce false positive rate. Conclusion In practice,researchers should choose a suitable correction method based on their specific research objectives and data to achieve a balance between the detection rate and false positive rate.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2122-2128, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780096

ABSTRACT

The development and metabolism of medicinal plant is affected by many factors, among which the effect from endophytic fungi has been noticed recently and has become one of hot fields. In order to explore the effect of endophytic fungi on gene expression in R. crenulata, RNA-sequencing was used to find genes involved in metabolic pathways, and the differential genes were verified by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. The method of 2-△△Ct was used to analyze the relative expression levels of genes in related metabolic pathways, which was used to verify the result of transcriptomics sequencing. The results showed that the endophytic fungus, P. fortinii, could up-regulate the gene expression in lipid metabolic pathway of R. crenulata. In signal transduction pathway, the genes were influenced at different level but the gene expressions were significantly increased under control of Notch signaling pathway, which was 34 times of that in control. The gene expressions of environmental adaption pathway were up-regulated in R. crenulata after inoculation of P. fortinii. This study could provide help for further understanding on mechanism of plant-fungus interaction, root cause of geoherbalism of medicinal plant and exploring bio-function of endophytic fungi.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700773

ABSTRACT

Objective Meningiomas in the trigone of the lateral ventricle are characterized by deep location and low inci-dence. A few studies have been done on its treatment at home and abroad. This study was to explore the access,techniques,and clini-cal effect of microsurgery for lateral ventricular trigone meningiomas (LVTM). Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data about 36 cases of LVTM treated by microsurgery in our hospital from December 2011 to December 2015. The operation involved lumbar cistern tube drainage, intraoperative drainage of cerebrospinal fluid, a unilateral parieto-occipital U-shaped cut, approach through the interparietal fissure,a sagittal incision about 3 cm long at the interparietal fissure for exposure and resection of the tumor. We followed up the patients for a mean of 17 months postoperatively and analyzed the results and complications. Results Simpson grade I removal of the tumors was achieved in all the 36 cases. Postoperative complications included homonymous hemianopia in 4 cases, central nervous system infections in 3,secondary epilepsy in 2,subcutaneous hydrops in 2,and intratumoral hemorrhage in 1 (which necessitated a second operation). Extended temporal horn of the right lateral ventricle occurred at 32 months after surgery,which was treated by fistulation. Homonymous hemianopia was improved in 2 of the 4 ca-ses. All the patients were capable of daily life activities and none experienced recurrence. Conclusion Sufficient preoperative evalu-ation of the tumor characteristics,rational selection of surgical approach,and expert operation techniques are the key factors for the mi-crosurgical treatment of meningiomas in the trigone of the lateral ventricle.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692946

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the difference between histopathological changes of brain white matter in low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) homozygous mutation rats with hypercholesterolemia and wild-type rats.Methods Thirty LDLR-/-rats and 28 wild-type rats were selected.Plasma cholesterol levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at 15,18 and 26 weeks old respectively.The axonal structure of the corpus callosum area was observed by transmission electron microscopy.The myelin basic protein (MBP) of the corpus callosum area was quantitatively analyzed by Western blotting.In addition,at 26 weeks old,the myelin sheaths were stained by fast blue staining.The expression level of MBP in white matter was further detected by immunofluorescence staining,and the morphological changes of glial cells were observed.Results Compared with the wild-type rats,the plasma cholesterol concentration in LDLR-/-rats increased significantly,and it could be as high as 3.3 times at 26 weeks.The results of electron microscopy showed that the LDLR-/-rats had axonal injury at 15 weeks and aggravated gradually over time.At 26 weeks,Western blot analysis of the LDLR-/-rats showed that the MBP expression level of the corpus callosum area decreased significantly.Fast blue staining showed loosening of nerve fibers,diffuse vacuole formation,and myelinated nerve fiber loss in the corpus callosum area.In addition,it was also found that the number of oligodendrocytes in LDLR-/-rats was significantly reduced,and large numbers of astrocytes and microglia were activated.Conclusions LDLR-/-rats will have spontaneous hypercholesterolemia.Axonal injury,demyelination,decreased oligodendrocytes,as well as the abnormal activation of astrocytes and microglia are present in the early adult brain white matter area.

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