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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (TransPRK) assisted by smart pluse technology (SPT) for the correction of high myopia.Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.Sixty high myopic patients (107 eyes) with spherical equivalent (SE)≥-6.0 D who received TransPRK assisted by SPT from January to December 2016 in Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University were enrolled.Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the patients were examined and recorded in logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (LogMAR) units, and refraction was examined with a subjective refractometer.The healing of corneal epithelium and corneal haze was observed with a slit lamp.Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured with the non-contact tonometer.Safety index (SI) and efficacy index (EI) were analyzed.The follow-up time was 12 months.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University (No.2019-197-k-177). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient prior to any medical examination.Results:The mean epithelial healing time was (3.77±1.02) days.There were statistically significant differences in UCVA and BCVA between before and after surgery ( Z=380.812, 267.313; both at P<0.001). And the 7-day, 6-month, and 12-month postoperative BCVA were better than preoperative BCVA, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). Mean SI was 1.10±0.12, and mean EI was 1.05±0.17 at 12 months after surgery.There was no significant difference between the attempted SE before surgery (-8.02±1.36)D and the achieved SE at 12 months after surgery (-8.04±1.51)D ( P=0.523). SE in the predictive range within ±0.50 D accounted for 79% (85/107) and that within ±1.0 D accounted for 92% (98/107). The IOP was slightly increased in 3 eyes at 7 days and 7 eyes at 1 month after surgery, respectively, which returned to normal after the use of ophthalmic solution for lowing IOP.The incidence of haze severer than grade 1 was less than 1% (1 eye), and haze gradually disappeared after application of drugs. Conclusions:TransPRK assisted by SPT for high myopia shows good safety, effectiveness and predictability.It is an ideal corneal surface surgery to correct high myopia.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To research the metabolomic alterations of human lung bronchial epithelial cells infected with human rhinovirus 1B (HRV1B).Methods:Untargeted metabolomics was used to determine the metabolomic alterations in human lung bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) 6 h, 12 h and during the dynamic process (6 h∶12 h) after HRV1B infection.Results:A total of 93 differentially significant metabolites (DSMs) (47 DSMs were up-regulated and 46 DSMs were down-regulated) and 88 DSMs (37 DSMs were up-regulated and 51 DSMs were down-regulated) at post infection of HRV1B in BEAS-2B at 6 h or 12 h, respectively. A total of 30 DSMs (12 DSMs were up-regulated and 18 DSMs were down-regulated) in a dynamic process (6 h∶12 h) after HRV1B infection. Unknown metabolites took up most proportions. The trends of fatty acid, lipid, amino acid, nucleotide and carbohydrate were increased along with the prolonging of HRV1B infection. DSMs such as Diisononyl phthalate was co-detected DSMs among three groups.Conclusions:Metabolites such as fatty acid, lipid, amino acid, nucleotide and carbohydrate of BEAS-2B cells are changed induced by HRV1B infection.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887874

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors for incident endometrial injury and 3-month endometrial injury after magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound(MRgFUS)ablation of uterine fibroids(UF). Methods UF patients who were diagnosed in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and underwent MRgFUS ablation in Amcare Women's and Children's Hospital from August 2016 to October 2020 were retrospectively enrolled in this study.Clinical data of 66 UF patients were collected and compared between endometrial injury group and non-injury group.Stepwise regression was employed to determine the risk factors for the incident endometrial injury and 3-month endometrial injury.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the relationship of endometrial injury with age,pre-ablation tumor size,multiple UF,International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics(FIGO)classification,T2WI signal intensity,and treatment time.Results In terms of incident endometrial injury,the 66 patients included 41(62.1%)cases with no injury,4 cases(6.1%) with grade 1 injury,5 cases(7.6%)with grade 2 injury,and 16 cases(24.2%)with grade 3 injury.In terms of 3-month endometrial injury,the 66 patients included 49 cases(74.2%)with no injury,5 cases(7.6%)with grade 1 injury,2 cases(3.0%)with grade 2 injury,and 10 cases(15.2%)with grade 3 injury.Stepwise regression analysis indicated that FIGO classification was significantly associated with incident endometrial injury(


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Leiomyoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Uterine Neoplasms
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882561

ABSTRACT

The method of acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training in the treatment of shoulder hand syndrome after stroke is reliablet, quick, with simple operation and less adverse reactions. Among them, characteristic acupuncture could focus on the targeted points with obvious effect than ordinary acupuncture, and the combination with rehabilitation training could greatly improve the curative effect. However, there still exist some problems in the current research, such as the difficulty of conducting blind clinical trials of acupuncture therapy; the lack of follow-up data in the evaluation of curative effect, the uncertainty of long-term curative effect; the small sample size of clinical research, etc., so multi-centered and large sample RCT research are still needed.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804824

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the molecular prevalence and clinical characteristics of human metapneumovirus and human bocavirus in hospitalized children with community-acquired pneumonia.@*Methods@#Total 333 throat swabs and clinical information of patients were collected between 2017 and 2018 at Department of Pediatrics of No.2 Clinical Teaching Hospital, Chengde Medical University. The IgM of adenovirus (AdV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza virus-A/B (Influ-A/B), parainuenza viruses (PIVs)were tested by detection kit, and the positive samples of human metapneumovirus (hMPV), human bocavirus (HBoV), AdV, RSV and human coronavirus (HCoV) were detected by RT-PCR or PCR.@*Results@#43 cases, 19 cases, 3 cases and 2 cases were positive for Influ-B, PIV, RSV and AdV IgM, respectively. Total 80 cases were infected with hMPV (71 cases were single infection, 8 cases were double infection, and 1 case was triple infection), 22 cases were infected with HBoV (14 cases were single infection, 7 cases were double infection, and 1 case was triple infection), 6 cases were infected with AdV (4 cases were single infection, 1 case was double infection, and 1 case was triple infection), only 1 case was single infected with RSV or HCoV, respectively. 39 cases (11.7%) and 41 cases (12.3%) were distributed at <5 years group and ≥5 years group, respectively. 45.0%(18/40)in severe cases and 27.99%(82/293)in mild cases were positive for hMPV, HBoV, AdV, RSV and HCoV, the ratio of viral positive case was significant higher in severe cases than mild cases (P=0.042). The age (P=0.000), peak of fever (P=0.035), duration of hospitalization (P=0.000), neutrophils (P=0.000) and lymphocytes (P=0.000) were significant difference in severe cases compared with mild cases.@*Conclusions@#Multiple respiratory viruses can cause community-acquired pneumonia and more attention should be pay to the surveillance of hMPV and HBoV.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 527-529, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753540

ABSTRACT

Objective To deduce the normal range of thyroglobulin ( Tg ) of adults senum in Liaoning Province . Methods From February to November 2017 , in Kangping County of Shenyang ( inland group ) and Gaizhou City of Yingkou (coastal group), the Tg levels of adults in different age groups were investigated according to the cluster stratified sampling method. Adults were divided into young (18 - 44 years old), middle (45 - 59 years old ) , and elderly (≥60 years old ) groups , and fasting blood samples were collected . Levels of Tg , thyroid function [ thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothylaminogenic acid (FT3), free thyroxine ( FT4 ) ] , thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) were determined by automatic electrochemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer. Statistical analysis was performed on Tg measured values of normal thyroid function and antibody-negative adults, and the percentile range (P2.5 - P97.5) was used to calculate the 95% normal range of both sides. Results A total of 685 adults were included, with a Tg level of 9.86 μg/L, including 333 adults in the inland group with a Tg level of 8.97 μg/L, and 352 adults in the coastal group with a Tg level of 10.44 μg/L. There were 255 males and 430 females, Tg levels were 9.39 and 9.99 μg/L, respectively. There were 179, 307 and 199 adults in the young, middle and elderly groups, Tg levels were 8.84, 9.22, and 11.73 μg/L, respectively, the differences were statistically significant (H=9.607, P<0.05). The normal range of Tg in adults was 1.23-58.63μg/L, and the normal ranges of Tg in the young, middle and elderly groups were 1.62 - 41.90, 0.99 -54.58, and 0.94 - 85.78 μg/L, respectively. Conclusion Successful establishment of the normal range of adults serum Tg in Liaoning Province.

7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 863-873, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781388

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect and the underlying mechanism of ethacrynic acid (EA) on the contraction in mice. BL-420S force measuring system was used to measure the tension of mouse tracheal rings. The whole cell patch clamp technique was utilized to record the channel currents of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells. The calcium imaging system was used to determine the intracellular Ca concentration ([Ca]) in ASM cells. The results showed that EA significantly inhibited the high K (80 mmol/L) and acetylcholine (ACh, 100 µmol/L)-induced contraction of mouse tracheal rings in a dose-dependent manner. The maximal relaxation percentages were (97.02 ± 1.56)% and (85.21 ± 0.03)%, and the median effective concentrations were (40.28 ± 2.20) μmol/L and (56.22 ± 7.62) μmol/L, respectively. EA decreased the K and ACh-induced elevation of [Ca] from 0.40 ± 0.04 to 0.16 ± 0.01 and from 0.50 ± 0.01 to 0.39 ± 0.01, respectively. In addition, EA inhibited L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel (LVDCC) and store-operated calcium channel (SOCC) currents in ASM cells, and Ca influx. Moreover, EA decreased the resistance of the respiratory system (Rrs) in vivo in mice. These results indicated that EA inhibits LVDCC and SOCC, which results in termination of Ca influx and decreases of [Ca], leading to relaxation of ASM. Taken together, EA might be a potential bronchodilator.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Calcium Channels, L-Type , Enzyme Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Ethacrynic Acid , Pharmacology , Mice , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth , Respiratory System , Cell Biology
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717857

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic value of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) histogram analysis in hepatic fibrosis staging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six rats were divided into carbon tetrachloride-induced fibrosis groups (6 rats per group for 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks) and a control group (n = 12). MRI was performed using a 3T scanner. Histograms of DKI were obtained for corrected apparent diffusion (D), kurtosis (K) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). Mean, median, skewness, kurtosis and 25th and 75th percentiles were generated and compared according to the fibrosis stage and inflammatory activity. RESULTS: A total of 35 rats were included, and 12, 5, 5, 6, and 7 rats were diagnosed as F0–F4. The mean, median, 25th and 75th percentiles, kurtosis of D map, median, 25th percentile, skewness of K map, and 75th percentile of ADC map demonstrated significant correlation with fibrosis stage (r = −0.767 to 0.339, p < 0.001 to p = 0.039). The fibrosis score was the independent variable associated with histogram parameters compared with inflammatory activity grade (p < 0.001 to p = 0.041), except the median of K map (p = 0.185). Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of D were larger than K and ADC maps in fibrosis staging, although no significant differences existed in pairwise comparisons (p = 0.0512 to p = 0.847). CONCLUSION: Corrected apparent diffusion of DKI histogram analysis provides added value and better diagnostic performance to detect various liver fibrosis stages compared with ADC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbon , Diagnosis , Diffusion , Fibrosis , Liver , Liver Cirrhosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Rats , ROC Curve
9.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 573-576, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708780

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of oxygen saturation related diffusion index for assessing oxygenation status,and to establish the critical value of the oxygen saturation related diffusion index,so as to provide more approaches to monitoring oxygenation status.Methods A total of 30 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) receiving mechanical ventilation support were retrospectively reviewed.Totally 340 cases were collected at corresponding time points,and were divided into mild,moderate and severe groups according to ARDS Berlin criteria.Results There was a positive correlation between oxygen saturation related diffusion index and oxygenation index (r=0.698,P<0.001);the critical value between the moderate and severe groups of oxygen saturation related diffusion index was 171(sensitivity 84.7%,specificity 68.2%),and the critical value between mild group and moderate group was 440 (sensitivity 56.9%,specificity 91.9%).Conclusion The oxygenation index was consistent with the oxygen saturation related diffusion index in judging the oxygenation status of ARDS patients.As a noninvasive and continuous index,the oxygen saturation related diffusion index provides a new method for nursing assessment.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296489

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the test-retest reliability and criterion validity of the Simplified Chinese-character version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Long form (IPAQ-L) in urban community-dwelling adults in Hanghzou, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 158 eligible participants aged 25-59 years from 6 neighbourhoods in two central districts of Hangzhou completed the IPAQ-L questionnaire twice within a 7-day interval. Half of the subjects wore pedometers during the first 7 days. Test-retest reliability was examined by comparing the first (Day 1) and the second (Day 9) survey of IPAQ-L. Criterion validity was assessed by comparing IPAQ-L with pedometer data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Modest to good test-retest reliability was found with intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.67 for total PA, 0.37 to 0.73 for specific dimensions, and 0.56 to 0.71 for different intensities of PA. Total PA measured by IPAQ-L was moderately correlated with exercise levels (partial r = 0.27, P = 0.020) and walking distance (partial r = 0.31, P = 0.007), which were measured by a pedometer, after adjusting for gender, age, educational attainment and employment status.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our results indicate that the IPAQ-L is a reliable and validated measure for assessing physical activity levels in this population and possibly the adult population in other mainland Chinese cities.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Exercise , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reference Standards , Urban Population
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 535-537, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731432

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the effect of soft corneal contact lens on the recovery of corneal epithelial defects and the comfort in patients with diabetic retinopathy after vitrectomy. <p>METHODS: Twenty patients(20 eyes)with diabetic retinopathy whose corneal epithelium defected after vitrectomy were randomly divided into 2 groups. The trial group(10 eyes)received the combination treatment of wearing soft corneal contact lenses and eyedrops to promote corneal epithelial repair, and the control group(10 eyes)only received eyedrops. The corneal epithelial healing time was observed postoperatively. And the scores of the comfort in patients between two groups were compared. <p>RESULTS: The average duration of corneal epithelial defects was 4.1±1.20d in the trial group, and 14.2±6.07d in the control group, which was statistically significant different between the two groups(<i>P</i><0.05). After treatment, the patients in the trial group felt more comfortable compared with the ones in the control group. There was no significant statistical difference about the scores of the comfort between the two groups at postoperative 3mo(<i>P</i>>0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: The soft corneal contact lens could effectively treat patients with corneal epithelial defects after vitrectomy, and improve their comfort.

12.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 432-436, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489989

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application and affecting factors of clopidogrel loading therapy in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in china in 2006 and 2011. Methods: Based on “China patient-centered evaluative assessment of cardiac events retrospective study of acute myocardial infarction”, we collected clinical information of STEMI patients with PCI in 2006, 2011 and analyzed clopidogrel loading therapy status in different years and different hospitals. According to clopidogrel doses, the patients were divided into 2 groups: Clopidogrel 300mg group, the patients received a single dose of clopidogrel ≥300mg while 0.05. In 2006, the hospital median rate of clopidogerl application was 44.4% (IQR 21.8% to 69.0%) and in 2011, it was 48.1% (IQR 25.0% to 70.8%),P=0.940. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the patients were admitted within 12 hours of onset, with primary PCI and treated in central region had the higher rates of clopidogrel loading therapy. Conclusion: Clopidogrel loading therapy was seriously inadequate in STEMI patients with PCI, variation was across hospitals and the status was similar between 2006 and 2011. Clopidogrel loading therapy should be improved.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289858

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between ultrasound-guided diffuse optical tomography (US-DOT) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1Α (HIF-1Α) of breast cancer. Methods Totally 69 patients with pathologically confirmed breast cancer underwent preoperative conventional breast ultrasonography examinations and US-DOT at Peking Union Medical College Hospital From October 2007 to February 2010 were enrolled in this study.After surgery,immunohistochemical staining of HIF-1Α and CD34 were performed,and the differences of total hemoglobin concentration (THC) and microvessel density (MVD) between HIF-1Α positive and negative groups were analyzed. Results HIF-1Α was positive in 12 cases (17.4%) and negative in 57 cases (82.6%). The average THC and MVD of HIF-1Α-positive cases were (274.763±77.661) Μmol/L and (33.8±10.8)/0.2 mm(2) respectively. The average THC and MVD of HIF-1Α-negative cases were (228.059±65.760)Μmol/L and (28.4±7.4)/0.2 mm(2). MVD(t=2.049,P=0.04) and THC(t=2.167,P=0.034) of HIF-1Α-positive group were significantly higher than those of HIF-1Α-negative group. Conclusions HIF-1Α can promote tumor angiogenesis and thus increase the blood supply and THC. As an indicator of tumor blood supply,THC can indirectly reflect the angiogenic activity of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Tomography, Optical , Ultrasonography, Mammary
14.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 426-431, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492602

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the trends in clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcomes for hospitalized patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in central-western urban hospitals of China in 2001, 2006 and 2011. Methods: We used a 2-stage, random sampling strategy to create a Chinese central-western urban hospital representative sample of 2152 patients undergoing PCI at 26 hospitals in China PEACE- retrospective CathPCI study and calculated the weighted data of clinical information in each year. Results: Between 2001 and 2011, the admission rate for PCI increased by 46 folds. Compared with 2001, the patients undergoing PCI were more likely to be female, older than 80 years, and to have history of diabetes, dyslipidemia and PCI in 2011. The proportion of trans-radial PCIs increased from 3.5% in 2001 to 87.6% in 2011 (Ptrend < 0.0001); the proportion of drug eluting stents (DES) among all the implanted stents increased from 16.4% in 2001 to 95.7% in 2011 (Ptrend < 0.0001), largely due to increased use of domestic DES. Less than 5% of medical record of admission for PCI documented door time and balloon time. The median length of stay decreased from 13 days in 2001 to 10 days in 2011 (Ptrend < 0.0001). In-hospital mortality did not change signiifcantly, but both any bleeding and access bleeding events were decreased signiifcantly over time (Ptrend < 0.05). Conclusion: There has been a rapid increase in the volume and significant change in treatment patterns of PCI over the 10-year period from 2001 to 2011 in Chinese central-western urban hospitals. We identiifed quality gaps that represent opportunities to improve medical care.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1085-1088, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248704

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between walking time and the perception of built environment among local adults in Hangzhou.Methods Through multistage stratified random sampling,a total of 1 440 urban residents aged 25-59 years were surveyed in Hangzhou by face-to face interview in 2012.The international physical activity questionnaire-long version (IPAQ-L) was used to assess the physical activity levels,including walking time in the past week.Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Abbreviated (NEWS-A) was used to obtain information about their perception of built environment.Multiple logistic regression was applied to estimate the relationship between waking and the perception of built environment.Results Among the local adults in Hangzhou,the median of total physical activity was 2 766 met · min-1 · week 1,the average walking time per week was 90 min for leisure and 100 min for transportation respectively.After controlling the age,marital status,BMI,educational level,employment,community type and the total PA scores,the leisure-time walking was negatively related to the accessibility to stores,facilities and other things for both man (OR=0.764,95%CI:0.588-0.992) and woman (OR=0.633,95%CI:0.481-0.833).In sex specific analysis,the leisure-time walking was negatively related with the residential density (OR=0.997,95%CI:0.996-0.999) while transportation related walking was positively related with walking/cycling way scores (OR=1.537,95% CI:1.138-2.075) in females.In contrast,there were no significant associations between perception of built environment and transportation related walking in males.Conclusion Improving the built environment,such as the walking/cycling way,might be useful to increase the transportation related walking time for adults.The sex specific differences need to be considered in the environment intervention for walking promotion.

16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1089-1094, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248703

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the perceptions of physical activity-related built environment among urban adults in Hangzhou.Methods A face-to-face interview was conducted among the urban residents aged 25-59 years selected through multistage stratified random sampling in Hangzhou in 2012.The Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Abbreviated (NEWS-A) was used to assess the perception of built environment among residents,including residential building density,the diversities of stores,facilities and others,the accessibility to public service,the street connectivity,walking/cycling facilities,aesthetics,traffic safety,and public security.The multilevel logistic regression model was used to assess the demographic characteristics,BMI and other factors' influence on people' s perceptions.Results Among 1 362 local residents surveyed,no sex,martial status and occupation specific significant differences in the perception of built environment were found.After adjusting other factors,the age group 45-59 years was positively related to the score of street connectivity (OR=2.02,95% CI:1.30-3.15).The educational level of college or higher was positively associated with the score of residential building density(OR=1.97,95%CI:1.29-3.00) but negatively associated with the score of facility variety(OR=0.65,95% CI:0.43-0.97).Overweight or besity was negatively related to the scores of walking/cycling ways (OR=0.67,95%CI:0.48-0.95) and public security(OR=0.75,95% CI:0.57-0.99).Compared with the class Ⅰ residential area,the people in class Ⅲ residential area had lower perception scores on facility diversity (OR =0.11,95% CI:0.04-0.30),accessibility to public service (OR=0.33,95% CI:0.11-0.95),street connectivity (OR=0.30,95% CI:0.11-0.86) and traffic safety (OR=0.39,95% CI:0.17-0.91).Conclusion The perceptions of physical activity-related built environment was associated with age,educational level,BMI and residential area.The personal characteristics should be considered while performing environment intervention on physical activity.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257617

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) and summarize the ultrasonographic features of PMP by comparing with computed tomography (CT) findings.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Ultrasound and CT scan results of 25 patients with PMP confirmed by pathology after surgery were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among these 25 PMP patients,three were diagnosed by ultrasound and six by CT(P=0.579). The specific ultrasonographic features of PMP were as follows:the dense punctuate echoes or floccules were detected in hydrops abdominis,which seldom or never move with the change of body position. Honeycomb-like lesions were typical. Notches were formed on the surface of liver or spleen due to the mucinous material and/or the mucinous lesions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both ultrasound and CT scan have poor detection rate in the diagnosis of PMP. PMP has specific ultrasonographic features,which may make it possible to diagnose most PMP lesions by ultrasound before surgery</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Neoplasms , Pseudomyxoma Peritonei , Diagnostic Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480141

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the outcomes of mature B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia(mature B-ALL) and to assess the safety and efficacy of the treatment protocol.Methods From February of 2003 to December of 2012,15 children were diagnosed as mature B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma possible (mature B-ALL/NHLp) in Shanghai Children's Medical Center(SCMC) were enrolled,and they were treated with SCMC-mature B-ALL/NHLp-2003 protocol.All of the clinical characteristics,therapeutic effects and long-term outcomes were analyzed.The statistical data were processed by SPSS 21.0.Results The median age on diagnosis was 8.7 years (1 year and 5 months to 14 years and 4 months).Among them,4 cases presented with local mass including maxillofacial tumors,neck and abdominal mass.The others had systemic manifestations such as fever and pale face.These neoplastic cells retained the expressions of surface membrane immunoglobulin M,terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase,Cμ,CD10,CD19,cCD79 a differently.Follow-up was updated to November 30,2013.The median follow-up period was 80 months (39-128 months).Theestimated 5-year event free survival rate was (80.0 ± 10.3) %.According to univariate analysis,increased lactate dehydrogenase level (> 4-times the normal value),increased serum ferritin level (> 2-times the normal value),no small residual disease markers were indepen-dent poor prognostic factors(x2 =5.49,4.89,5.49,all P < 0.05).Conclusions SCMC-mature B-NHL/ALLp-2003 protocol is feasible and safe for children with mature B-ALL/NHLp,but more sample cases need to be investigated.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450335

ABSTRACT

Over the past few decades,the curative effect of leukemia has been improved significantly.But the effect of refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia and about 50% of acute myeloid leukemia has not been improved.At present,targeted therapy,which is unique to the incidence of leukemia,has become a hotspot,such as the antibody drugs targeted cell surface molecules or kinases.At the same time,many drugs have been applied into clinical treatment because of their better clinical results,such as imatinib,bortezomib.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155125

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively summarize the cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) findings of isolated noncompaction of ventricular myocardium (INVM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven patients (M:F = 9:2; mean age, 35 years) were evaluated. Steady-state free precession (SSFP), fast spin echo (SE) sequence, SSFP cine imaging, and delayed enhanced inversion recovery spoiled gradient echo (IR-SPGR) sequence were used for showing abnormal myocardium, measuring ratio of noncompacted/compacted myocardium layers (NC/C ratio), and detecting myocardial viability. The left ventricle was divided into nine segments and a NC/C ratio > 2.3 in diastole was used as cutoff value in diagnosing left INVM. The right ventricle was assessed qualitatively. RESULTS: Cardiac MRI indicated left INVM in seven patients, right INVM in one patient and biventricle INVM in three patients. Characteristic CMRI changes included prominent trabeculations, deep intertrabecular recesses and an increase in the NC/C ratio. The most frequently involved segments was left ventricular apex. Three patients had abnormal high signals within the trabecular structures on SE T2 weighted image. One ventricular aneurysm and one apical thrombus were also observed. Delayed enhancement was seen in six of nine patients with subendocardial and transmural patterns. CONCLUSION: There are CMRI features that might be characteristic for INVM.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Heart Aneurysm/complications , Heart Ventricles/pathology , Humans , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardium/pathology , Young Adult
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