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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 64-75, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913168

ABSTRACT

As a basic amino acid, histidine has a pKa close to the acidity of the tumor microenvironment, thus the charge and solubility of histidine are able to vary as the pH changes. Under a neutral environment, histidine is not charged and exhibits hydrophobic properties, while it can be protonated and becomes hydrophilic when exposed to mildly acidic pH, such as tumor microenvironment. Therefore, histidine is widely used in the design of drug delivery systems to target the mildly acidic pH of tumor microenvironment. This article reviews the recent progresses of histidine-based tumor-targeting drug delivery systems, and summarizes the principles on promoting internalization and tuning drug release by taking advantage of histidine. Finally, we point out the common issues on histidine application and illustrate its future prospects.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928953

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effectiveness of Jiuwei Zhuhuang Powder (JWZH), a Tibetan patent medicine in treating upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) associated cough in children.@*METHODS@#The study was a multicenter, randomized, open-label, controlled trial. A total of 142 children aged 2 to 14 years old, with URTI-associated cough within 48 h of onset, were randomly assigned to two groups at a 1:1 ratio by computer-generated randomization sequence. Children were treated with JWZH (1 to 1.5 g, twice to thrice daily) in the treatment group or conventional treatment (Pediatric Paracetamol, Artificial Cow-bezoar and Chlorphenamine Maleate Granules, 0.25 to 1 g, thrice daily) in the control group for 5 days. The primary endpoints were the time to cough resolution and 4-day cough resolution rate. The secondary endpoints were the daily improvement in symptom scores and cough resolution rate during the study period.@*RESULTS@#A total of 138 children were included in the intention-to-treat analysis, with 71 cases in the treatment group and 67 cases in the control group. Compared with the conventional treatment, the children receiving JWZH had a shorter time to cough resolution [hazard ratio, 2.10; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.29-3.40; P=0.003]. The median time to cough resolution for children receiving JWZH was shorter than that of the conventional treatment (2 days vs. 3 days; P<0.001). The 4-day cough resolution rate in the JWZH group was higher than that of the control group (94.4% vs. 74.6%; risk difference: 19.8%, 95% CI: 8.1%-31.5%; relative risk: 1.265, 95% CI: 1.088-1.470; P=0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in the improvement of other symptoms caused by URTI (P>0.05). Adverse events was reported in 5.6% (4/71) and 4.5% (3/67) in participants of JWZH and PPACCM groups (P>0.05), respectively, which were all mild and resolved without treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#JWZH seemed to be a safe and effective therapy for URTI-associated cough in children. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR2000039421).


Subject(s)
Child , Cough/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Nonprescription Drugs , Powders , Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927917

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the chemical constituents of Scrophulariae Radix and their antitumor activities in vitro. The compounds in the ethyl acetate extract were separated and purified by conventional column chromatographies(such as silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS column) and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), and their structures were identified by various spectral techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS). Twenty-three compounds were isolated and identified as benzyl-β-D-(3',6'-di-O-acetyl) glucoside(1), 5-O-p-methoxybenzoyl kojic acid(2), 5-O-methoxybenzoyl kojic acid(3), 7-O-methylbenzoyl kojic acid(4), 5-O-benzoyl kojic acid(5), methyl ferulate ethyl ether(6), trans-ferulic acid(7), trans-isoferulic acid(8), trans-caffeic acid(9), trans-caffeic acid methyl ester(10), caffeic acid ethyl ester(11), trans-cinnamic acid(12), trans-p-methoxycinnamic acid(13), trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid(14), trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid methyl ester(15), 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenethyl) alcohol(16),(p-hydroxyphenyl) propanoic acid(17), coniferaldehyde(18), sinapaldehyde(19), benzyl β-primeveroside(20), 5-(hydroxymethyl) furfural(21), furan-2-carboxylic acid(22), and decanedioic acid(23). Among them, compound 1 is a new benzyl glucoside, compounds 2-4 are new pyranone compounds, compound 5 is a new natural product of pyranone. The NMR data of compounds 5 and 6 are reported for the first time. Compounds 6 and 20 were isolated from the Scrophularia plant for the first time. Compounds 8, 11, 14, 16, 18, 19, 22, and 23 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of these compounds against three tumor cell lines(HepG2, A549, and 4 T1) were evaluated. The results showed that compounds 10 and 15 showed cytotoxic activities against HepG2 cells with IC_(50) values of(19.46±0.48) μmol·L~(-1) and(46.10±1.21) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Roots/chemistry , Scrophularia/chemistry
4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 181-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of Internet diversified rehabilitation medicine education on self-efficacy and quality of life in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients.Methods:A prospective study was performed in 130 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from February 2020 to February 2021. According to the method of randomly number table, these patients were divided into control group and intervention group, 65 cases in each group.The control group was treated with routine treatment scheme, and the intervention group added the intervention of Internet diversified education of rehabilitation medicine on the basis of routine treatment scheme. Compared the general data of the two groups, the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) and the cancer patients′ Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) were used to compare the self-efficacy levels of the two groups before operation, 4 months and 8 months after operation, evaluate the quality of life. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), and t-test was used for comparison between groups; Chi-square test was used for comparison of enumeration data between groups. Results:Before operation, there was no significant difference in general data, GSES score and QLQ-C30 score between the two groups ( P> 0.05). Four months after operation, GSES scores [(27.39±4.68) score vs (25.91±3.18)score], somatic function [(65.50±4.34) score vs (63.07±5.42) score], cognitive function [(67.63±10.32) score vs (63.29 ± 11.36) score], role function [(50.82±10.80) score vs (45.59±13.94) score], and total quality of life [(63.47 ± 6.98) score vs (59.26±7.98)score] were compared between the intervention group and the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P< 0.05). There was no significant difference in the scores of emotional function [(57.60±11.72) score vs (55.53±10.61) score] and social function [(49.86±12.11) score vs (46.13±10.25) score] ( P> 0.05). Eight months after operation, the GSES score [(28.82±3.31) score vs (26.73 ± 3.06) score] of patients in the intervention group and the control group, and the scores of functional areas and overall quality of life in QLQ-C30 score were significantly different ( P< 0.01). Conclusion:the Internet diversified rehabilitation medicine education has a significant effect on improving the self-efficacy of new breast cancer patients, and can improve the quality of life of patients.

5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 226-231, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the early interventions of traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) on the conversion time of nucleic acid in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and find possible underlying mechanisms of action.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 300 confirmed COVID-19 patients who were treated with TCM, at a designated hospital in China. The patients were categorized into three groups: TCM1, TCM2 and TCM3, who respectively received TCM interventions within 7, 8-14, and greater than 15 days of hospitalization. Different indicators such as the conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, length of hospital stay, and inflammatory markers (leukocyte count, and lymphocyte count and percentage) were analyzed to observe the impact of early TCM interventions on these groups.@*RESULTS@#The median conversion times of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid in the three groups were 5.5, 7 and 16 d (P < 0.001), with TCM1 and TCM2 being statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01). TCM1 (P < 0.05) and TCM3 (P < 0.01) were statistically different from TCM2. The median conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in the three groups were 7, 9 and 17 d (P < 0.001). Conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in TCM1 were statistically different from TCM3 and TCM2 (P < 0.01). The median lengths of hospital stay in the three groups were 13, 16 and 21 d (P < 0.001). TCM1 and TCM2 were statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01); TCM1 and TCM3 were statistically different from TCM2 (P < 0.01). Both leucocyte and lymphocyte counts increased gradually with an increase in the length of hospital stay in TCM1 group patients, with a statistically significant difference observed at each time point in the group (P < 0.001). Statistically significant differences in lymphocyte count and percentage in TCM2 (P < 0.001), and in leucocyte count (P = 0.043) and lymphocyte count (P = 0.038) in TCM3 were observed. The comparison among the three groups showed a statistically significant difference in lymphocyte percentage on the third day of admission (P = 0.044).@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, it was observed that in COVID-19 patients treated with a combination of Chinese and Western medicines, TCM intervention earlier in the hospital stay correlated with faster conversion time of pharyngeal swab and fecal nucleic acid, as well as shorter length of hospital stay, thus helping promote faster recovery of the patient. The underlying mechanism of action may be related to improving inflammation in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Traditional Chinese medicine plays a significant role in the treatment of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Tanreqing Capsule (TRQC) was used in the treatment of COVID-19 patients in the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of TRQC in the treatment of COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 82 patients who had laboratory-confirmed mild and moderate COVID-19; patients were treated with TRQC in one designated hospital. The treatment and control groups consisted of 25 and 57 cases, respectively. The treatment group was given TRQC orally three times a day, three pills each time, in addition to conventional Western medicine treatments which were also administered to the control group. The clinical efficacy indicators, such as the negative conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid, and the improvement in the level of immune indicators such as T-cell subsets (CD3, CD4 and CD45) were monitored.@*RESULTS@#COVID-19 patients in the treatment group, compared to the control group, had a shorter negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid (4 vs. 9 days, P = 0.047) and a shorter interval of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid (0 vs. 2 days, P = 0.042). The level of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Significant reductions in the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid and the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid were identified in the treatment group as compared to the control group, illustrating the potential therapeutic benefits of using TRQC as a complement to conventional medicine in patients with mild and moderate COVID-19. The underlying mechanism may be related to the improved levels of the immune indicator CD3


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/pathology , Capsules , DNA, Viral/analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Feces/virology , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878922

ABSTRACT

Polygonum multiflorum is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine and has many biological activities such as hair-blacking, anti-atherosclerosis, anti-inflammatory and anti-aging. However, the liver injury induced by P. multiflorum has aroused wide attention in recent years. 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystibane-2-O-β-D-glucoside(TSG) is a main component of P. multiflorum, but the role of TSG in inducing liver injury is unclear. The aim of present study was to evaluate TSG's potential liver injury and effects on bile acid homeostasis and phospholipids efflux. C57 BL/6 J mice received intraperitoneal administration of 400 mg·kg~(-1) of TSG daily for 15 days, and then biochemical indexes of liver injury and changes of phospholipid content were detected. The changes of bile acid compositions were detected by LC-MS/MS. The results showed TSG 400 mg·kg~(-1) significantly increased the content of serum total bile acid(TBA) and alkaline phosphatase(ALP). Elevated free bile acid levels were observed in TSG-treated groups, including β-muricholic acid(β-MCA), ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA), hyodeoxycholic acid(HDCA), chenodeoxycholic acid(CDCA), deoxcholic acid(DCA) in serum and β-MCA, CDCA in liver. TSG inhibited the protein expression of farnesoid X receptor(FXR) and down stream bile salt export pump(BSEP), which may result in the accumulation of bile acid. TSG also inhibited the expression of 25-hydroxycholesterol-7 alpha-hydroxylase(CYP7 B1), which may disturb the alternative pathway for bile acid synthesis. In addition, intraperitoneal injection of TSG 400 mg·kg~(-1) significantly decreased the content of phospholipids in bile. The research showed that TSG significantly inhibited the expression of multidrug resistance protein 2(MDR2) and destroyed the regular distribution of MDR2 on the bile duct membrane of liver. In vitro results showed that the IC_(50) of TSG on HepG2 cells was about 1 500 μmol·L~(-1) and TSG at 500 μmol·L~(-1)(for 24 h) could destroy the distribution of MDR2 on the bile duct membrane of liver. In conclusion, TSG induced liver injury by disrupting bile acid homeostasis and phospholipids efflux.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Acids and Salts , Chromatography, Liquid , Glucosides , Homeostasis , Liver , Mice , Phospholipids , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868727

ABSTRACT

Objective:Continuous acquisition of swallowing images of head and neck cancer patients by using MRI technique was performed to observe and measure the movement regularity and maximum displacement of the soft palate, tongue and larynx.Methods:From July 2018 to October 2018, 20 patients with primary head and neck cancer were chosen randomly, 17 male and 3 female. The median age was 58.5 years (28 to 78 years). Among the 20 patients, 7 patients were diagnosed with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, 3 patients with oral cancer, 5 patients with oropharyngeal cancer, 3 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer, and 2 patients with nasal and paranasal sinuses cancer. Two patients were classified as stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, 8 patients as stage Ⅲ and 10 patients as stage Ⅳ according to the eighth edition of AJCC.Results:The displacement of the upward movement of the soft palate during swallowing was (1.06±0.31) cm and followed the pattern normal distribution. The displacement of backward movement of the soft palate was (0.83±0.24) cm, which also almost normally distributed. The displacement of backward tongue movement was (0.77±0.22) cm and followed the normal distribution pattern. The displacement of upward tongue movement was 0 in patients with tongue depressor for image acquisition. The mediandisplacement of upward tongue movement in patients without tongue depressor was 1.23 cm (0.59 to 1.41 cm). The displacement of upward laryngeal movement was (1.14±0.22) cm and followed the normal distribution pattern, and the median displacement of forward laryngeal movement was 0.4 cm (0.27 to 0.90 cm).Conclusions:Swallowing movement may occur in head and neck cancer patients during radiotherapy. It can also cause the movement of gross tumor volume (GTV) and surrounding normal tissues. Therefore, extensive attention should be paid to the individual distance between GTV and planning gross tumor volume (PGTV) when making radiotherapy plans, aiming to ensure the prescription dose of cancer.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 194-198, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role and mechanism of extracellular histones involved in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced alveolar macrophage injury.Methods:The mouse alveolar macrophage cell line (MH-S) was cultured in vitro and passaged, and the cells were cultured to 80% of cells for cell proliferation. The cells were stimulated with 1 mg/L LPS for 3 hours and 50 mg/L exogenous histones for 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours, respectively (LPS+histones 3, 6, 12, 24 h groups), and other groups included phosphate buffered saline (PBS) control group (PBS group), LPS alone stimulation group (LPS group), the exogenous histones alone stimulation group (histones group) and heparin pretreatment histones group (heparin+LPS+histones group). The cells in each group were challenged with different reagent, the expression of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and inflammatory factors in the supernatant were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the change of intracellular K + concentration was detected by FluxOR TMⅡgreen potassium channel. The proteins such as potassium channel protein (TWIK2), inflammasome (NLRP3), and apoptosis associated speck like protein containing a CARD (ASC) were determined by Western Blot. Results:Compared with the PBS group, the levels of LDH and inflammatory factors such as interleukin (IL-1β, IL-18) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were significantly increased after LPS stimulation group. Compared with the LPS group, the levels of LDH and inflammatory factors were significantly increased after the treatment with exogenous histones, and reached a peak after 3 hours of the histones stimulation [LDH (U/L): 123.10±1.83 vs. 85.32±1.66, IL-1β (mg/L): 40.75±2.60 vs. 18.78±1.37, IL-18 (mg/L): 49.94±2.45 vs. 30.19±1.82, TNF-α (mg/L): 36.51±1.56 vs. 20.84±1.61, all P < 0.01]. Western Blot results showed that compared with the LPS group, NLRP3, ASC and TWIK2 protein expression were significantly up-regulated in the LPS+histones group (NLRP3/GAPDH: 0.80±0.02 vs. 0.57±0.02, ASC/GAPDH: 0.57±0.02 vs. 0.38±0.01, TWIK2/GAPDH: 0.65±0.01 vs. 0.41±0.01, all P < 0.01), and the expression of the above proteins were significantly down-regulated after heparin pretreatment (NLRP3/GAPDH: 0.28±0.02 vs. 0.80±0.02, ASC/GAPDH: 0.25±0.02 vs. 0.57±0.02, TWIK2/GAPDH: 0.35±0.01 vs. 0.65±0.01, all P < 0.01), indicating that histones could activate NLRP3 through TWIK2 to participate in inflammatory reaction. In addition, intracellular K + concentration in LPS+histones group decreased significantly compared with the LPS group (fluorescence intensity: 35.48±2.53 vs. 83.92±3.11, P < 0.01). Compared with LPS+histones group, K + concentration increased significantly after pretreatment with heparin (fluorescence intensity: 72.10±1.78 vs. 35.48±2.53, P < 0.01), indicating that extracellular histones could cause K + massive efflux through TWIK2, and thus mediate NLRP3 activation and participate in inflammatory injury of alveolar macrophages. Conclusion:Extracellular histones can cause inflammatory damage in alveolar macrophages, and its mechanism may be related to the activation of NLRP3 by extracellular histones activation of TWIK2 channel to promote K + efflux.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 193-198, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862823

ABSTRACT

At the 61st American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting in 2019, the research progress and clinical trial updates on basic research, clinical treatment and development of new drugs in acute myeloid leukemia are reported. Based on the meeting report, this article introduces the relevant research progress of the prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia and "7+3" regimen induction therapy, demethylation drugs and targeted therapy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the moderated mediation for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with the symptoms of anxiety in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 12 271 students were included with an average age of 8.9±1.9 years, including 6 743 male students and 5 508 female students, and 20 students with missing data on gender. Child psychological trauma questionnaires (parents version) and Conners questionnaires (parent version) were completed by the parents of primary school students. The data was studied by univariate analysis, multivariate analysis and moderated mediation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The results of the univariate analysis showed that in all subjects, boys, and girls, the scores of hyperactivity index and childhood trauma were positively correlated with the score of anxiety (P<0.01), and ADHD and childhood trauma positively predicted anxiety disorder (P<0.001). The results of the multivariate analysis showed that in all subjects, boys, and girls, the scores of hyperactivity index (ADHD symptoms) and childhood trauma positively predicted the score of anxiety (P<0.001), and both ADHD and childhood trauma positively predicted anxiety disorder (P<0.001). The results of the moderated mediation analysis showed that childhood trauma was a mediating factor for the relationship between hyperactivity index and anxiety index in boys and girls (P<0.05), and sex moderated the relationship between hyperactivity index and anxiety index (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ADHD symptoms/ADHD are closely associated with anxiety symptoms/anxiety disorder. Childhood trauma exerts a mediating effect on the relationship between ADHD symptoms and anxiety symptoms, and sex moderates the relationship between ADHD symptoms and anxiety symptoms.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Anxiety Disorders , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Child , Child Behavior Disorders , Female , Humans , Male , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1022-1029, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821665

ABSTRACT

During the process of consistency evaluation, it was found that the consistency of drug release between generic and original brands in vitro was not sufficient to demonstrate their same release in vivo. The disintegration of tablets, as a premise for the release of tablet drugs, greatly affects the release of drugs, depending on the structure and properties of disintegrants. Hence the systematic research on disintegrants would be very important for the evaluation of generic consistency. In this experiment, the physicochemical properties and application of 11 different sodium carboxymethyl starch (CMS-Na) from 9 manufacturers were investigated. This provides the reference for selection of excipients for consistency evaluation. The particle morphology of CMS-Na was observed by scanning electron microscope. The particle size distribution was determined by dry particle size analyzer. The determination of pH and loss on drying was carried out according to the 2015 edition of Chinese pharmacopoeia method. The powder fluidity was evaluated with Carr's index, Hausner ratio and angle of repose. The disintegration performance of CMS-Na was evaluated through determining the water absorption and swelling. The disintegration effect of CMS-Na tablets was studied using lactose and microcrystalline cellulose as fillers. The results showed that pH values and weight loss on drying of all samples met the requirements, whereas the particle morphology, fluidity, water swell-ability and disintegration time had a large variation, which leads to the large differences the properties of CMS-Na depending on the sources. Therefore in order to ensure that the reproducibility of generic drugs from their name brand, our studies indicate that only a sizable choice of disintegrants could ensure good inter batch reproducibility.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872782

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the effect of Wenjingtang on the levels of serum platelet activating factor (PAF) and β-endorphins in primary dysmenorrhea patients with cold stagnation and blood stasis syndrome. Method::The 120 cases of dysmenorrhea treated at Second Affiliated Hospital, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine from March 2016 to December 2017 were selected as the observation subjects, and divided into control group and observation group according to the random number table method, with 60 cases in each group. The control group was treated with ibuprofen capsules, while the observation group was treated with Wenjingtang and ibuprofen capsules. Dysmenorrhea symptom scores, clinical efficacy, recurrence condition and serum levels of platelet activating factor and β-endorphins were compared before and after treatment. Result::After treatment, the dysmenorrhea symptom scores decreased significantly in both groups, and the scores of patients in observation group were lower than those in control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the total efficiency in observation group was 95%, which was significantly higher than 83.33% in control group (P<0.05). The level of serum PAF decreased significantly in two groups, and the serum PAF in observation group was significantly decreased compared with control group (P<0.05). The level of serum beta-endorphins in observation group was significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.05). After half a year, the recurrence rate of the observation group was 5%, which was significantly lower than 30% of control group (χ2=12.987, P<0.01). Conclusion::Wenjingtang contributes to the reduction of dysmenorrhea symptoms scores in primary dysmenorrhea patients with cold stagnation and blood stasis syndrome, and can improve the clinical efficacy, reduce the serum PAF level and increase the concentration of β-endorphins, reduce the recurrence rate, improve the quality of life of patients, and it is worth promoting.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1696-1702, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827571

ABSTRACT

It has been reported that liver fibrosis could be reversed after eliminating liver injuries. This article systematically summarizes the evidence of fibrosis regression based on histology, liver stiffness, and serum biomarkers, and discusses several clinically relevant challenges. Evidence from liver biopsy has been regarded as the gold standard in the assessment of fibrosis regression. Semi-quantitative staging and grading systems are traditionally and routinely used to define regression. Recently, the predominantly regressive, indeterminate, and predominantly progressive score was proposed, based on the regressive features from "hepatic repair complex", to provide additional information regarding the quality of fibrosis. For non-invasive assessment, although liver stiffness and serum biomarkers could be applied to reflect the dynamic changes of liver fibrosis, other confounding factors such as liver inflammation have to be considered. In conclusion, both histology and non-invasive methods can provide evidence regarding fibrosis regression. The predictive value of fibrosis regression in long-term prognosis warrants further investigation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803289

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of electrical stimulation breathing training on cardiopulmonary function and quality of life of patients with non-small cell lung cancer during rehabilitation period.@*Methods@#A total of 136 patients with lung cancer who were treated in Harbin Medical University of Cancer Hospital from January 2017 to February 2018 were randomly divided into control group (67 cases) and experimental group (69 cases). Patients in the control group were given routine nursing and treatment, while patients in the experimental group were given electrical stimulation breathing training for 4 weeks on the basis of routine nursing and treatment. Cardiopulmonary function and quality of life were compared between the two groups at 4, 8 and 12 weeks after intervention.@*Results@#The 6-minute walking test results in experimental group for 4, 8 and 12 weeks were (483.36±31.25), (494.61±30.92) and (507.05±32.79) m, which were significantly higher than those in control group (472.06±29.64), (482.85±31.15) and (490.18±32.01) m. The difference was significant (t= 2.162, 2.209, 3.035, all P < 0.01). Borg index in experimental group for 4, 8 and 12 weeks were 1.0 (0.5, 2.0), 0.5 (0.0, 1.0), 0.0 (0.0, 0.5), which were significantly lower than those in control group 2.0 (1.0, 2.0), 1.0 (0.5, 2.0), 0.5 (0.5, 1.0), and 0.5 (0.5, 1.0). The difference was significant (Z= 2.225, 2.692, 3.236, P < 0.05). The scores of physiological function, physiological function, physical pain, general health, vitality, social function, emotional function, mental health of quality of life in experimental group for 12 weeks were (88.42±13.52), (73.64±19.83), (80.51±15.32), (70.22±14.92), (69.64±13.09), (85.28±16.95), (75.93±18.22), (71.24±12.61), which were significantly higher than those in control group (83.14±14.15), (64.51±20.14), (73.15±16.48), (64.68±15.27), (63.96±14.01), (73.59±17.54), (64.07±19.81), (66.35±13.61). The difference was statistically significant (t=2.636-3.636, P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#Electric stimulation breathing training can improve the cardiopulmonary function and quality of life of patients with non-small cell lung cancer after surgery, and promote lung rehabilitation of patients after surgery, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1357-1362, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800901

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore whether extracellular histones aggravate acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) by inducing peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) pyroptosis.@*Methods@#Twenty patients with ARDS admitted to Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine from April to September in 2019 were enrolled, and 20 healthy volunteers were enrolled as controls. In vivo experiment: peripheral blood samples of patients with ARDS within 24 hours after diagnosis and healthy volunteers were collected, and the levels of plasma extracellular histone, interleukins (IL-1β and IL-18) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). PBMC were harvested, the expression levels of the pyroptosis associated N terminal-gasdermin-D (GSDMD-N) protein were determined by Western Blot. In vitro experiment: PBMC isolated from healthy volunteers were divided into four groups. Blank control group without any treatment; lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group was treated with 1 mg/L LPS for 4 hours; LPS+histones group was treated with 100 mg/L exogenous histones for 24 hours after LPS treatment; LPS+histone+heparin group was treated with 200 U heparin for 24 hours after LPS and exogenous histones treatment. The GSDMD-N protein expression was determined by Western Blot, and the levels of IL-1β, IL-18 and LDH in cell supernatant were determined by ELISA. Spearman test was used to test the correlation among the parameters.@*Results@#In vivo experiment results: compared with healthy control group, the GSDMD-N protein expression in PBMC of patients with ARDS was significantly increased [GSDMD-N/GAPDH: 0.136 (0.062, 0.246) vs. 0.026 (0.018, 0.036), P < 0.01], as well as the plasma levels of IL-1β, IL-18, LDH and extracellular histones [IL-1β (ng/L): 120.0 (94.2, 213.0) vs. 88.5 (82.3, 105.3), IL-18 (ng/L): 164.5 (70.8, 236.3) vs. 60.5 (52.0, 89.0), LDH (U/L): 30.9 (24.7, 39.5) vs. 19.8 (17.2, 21.5), extracellular histones (mg/L): 73.0 (42.8, 112.9) vs. 12.2 (9.6, 16.9), all P < 0.01], indicating that the PBMC of ARDS patients had significant pyroptosis and release of a large number of inflammatory factors. The oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) of ARDS patients was 135.5 (94.5, 196.0) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa). Correlation analysis showed that the expression of GSDMD-N protein in patients with ARDS was negatively correlated with PaO2/FiO2 (r = -0.935, P < 0.01) and positively correlated with IL-1β, IL-18, LDH and extracellular histones (r value was 0.844, 0.843, 0.887, 0.899, respectively, all P < 0.01). In vitro experiment results: compared with blank control group, the expression of GSDMD-N protein in PBMC and the levels of inflammatory mediators in the supernatant of the LPS group were significantly increased [GSDMD-N/GAPDH: 0.035±0.006 vs. 0.028±0.006, IL-1β (ng/L): 39.8±5.5 vs. 22.6±4.7, IL-18 (ng/L): 31.2±4.4 vs. 20.0±2.2, LDH (U/L): 51.2±7.3 vs. 36.6±7.6, all P < 0.05], indicating that LPS stimulation could increase PBMC pyroptosis and the release of inflammatory mediators. Compared with LPS group, the expression of GSDMD-N protein and the levels of inflammatory mediators of the LPS+histones group were further increased [GSDMD-N/GAPDH: 0.114±0.009 vs. 0.035±0.006, IL-1β (ng/L): 119.0±18.7 vs. 39.8±5.5, IL-18 (ng/L): 49.2±8.5 vs. 31.2±4.4, LDH (U/L): 127.8±19.8 vs. 51.2±7.3, all P < 0.01], indicating that the stimulation of LPS on PBMC could be significantly amplified by exogenous histone treatment, GSDMD-N protein expression could be up-regulated and inflammatory factor release could be promoted to further induce PBMC pyroptosis. These adverse effects of exogenous histones on PBMC could be abrogated by heparin, the expression of GSDMD-N protein and the levels of inflammatory mediators were significantly lower than those of LPS+histones group [GSDMD-N/GAPDH: 0.063±0.004 vs. 0.114±0.009, IL-1β (ng/L): 46.8±8.6 vs. 119.0±18.7, IL-18 (ng/L): 33.0±5.1 vs. 49.2±8.5, LDH (U/L): 65.4±11.0 vs. 127.8±19.8, all P < 0.05].@*Conclusion@#Extracellular histones in plasma may aggravate ARDS by mediating PBMC pyroptosis.

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Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 688-693, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797835

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical pathological features, pathological diagnosis and differential diagnosis of hybrid schwannoma/perineurioma.@*Methods@#The clinicopathological data of 35 cases were collected at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, from October 2010 to August 2017; morphological observation and immunohistochemical staining were performed, and the literatures were also reviewed.@*Results@#There were 7 males and 28 females (male∶female=1∶4), patients with onset age ranging from 3 to 81 years(mean=36 years). Of 35 tumors, 11 cases occurred in the head and neck, 10 in the extremities, 9 in the trunk, 4 in the intestine, and 1 in the labiamajora, respectively. Clinically, most patients presented as a slowly growing dermal nodule, sometimes associated with pain. The duration of symptoms ranged from 1 month to 20 years before excision. Tumor size ranged from 0.8 cm to 6.0 cm (mean=2.6 cm). Microscopically, the tumors were usually well circumscribed but unencapsulated. At low power, most tumors were located in the dermis or subcutis, and several cases in the submucosal tissues. The tumors were composed of fascicular, storiform or whorled growth of closely intermixed plump spindle cells and slender spindle cells. The plump spindle cells had ill-defined eosinophilic cytoplasm with larger tapered or wavy nuclei, whereas the slender spindle cells had comparatively delicate nuclei with elongated cytoplasmic processes. Tumor cells had no obvious atypia, and mitoses were rare. Scattered large cells with degenerative nuclear atypia were seen in some cases. By immunohistochemistry, most of plump spindle cells showed strong staining of S-100 protein(35/35) and SOX10(8/9), whereas slender spindle cells stained variably for epithelial membrane antigen(31/35), CD34(32/33), Claudin-1 (15/15) and GLUT-1(8/8). Ki-67 proliferation index were all less than 5%. Follow-up data available in 16 patients (range 4 to 72 months; mean=46 months) were all free of disease, and one case developed local recurrence.@*Conclusions@#Hybrid schwannoma/perineuriomaisa benign nerve sheath tumor that typically manifests as a dermaland subcutaneous tumor, less frequently may affect uncommon sites such as the nasal cavity, the gastro-intestinal tract, and the external genital areas. The tumors consisted of intimately admixed plump-spindled schwannian cells and slender-spindled perineurial cells showing dual differentiation of strong S-100 protein and SOX10 expression in the former component and variable immunoreactivity of epithelial membrane antigen, Claudin-1 and CD34 in the latter. It should be aware of the possibility of potentially misinterpretation of hybrid schwannoma/perineurioma as dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and solitary fibrous tumor and so on.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755056

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical treatment modalities and clinical prognosis of patients diagnosed with primary nasopharyngeal adenoid cystic carcinoma (NACC).Methods The medical records of 46 patients with NACC between March 1971 and November 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Among them,22 patients were male and 24 female.The median age of all patients was 47 years (range:23-74 years).Among them,34 patients received radiotherapy alone including 25 patients treated with conventional radiotherapy and 9 receiving intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).Five patients underwent salvage surgery for the residual tumors after radiotherapy.Twelve patients were treated with a comprehensive treatment modality (surgery combined with radiotherapy).Results The median follow-up time was 66.0 months (range:11.0-270.6 months).The 5-and 10-year overall survival,locoregional failure-free survival,and distant metastasis failure-free survival rates were 70% and 40%,64% and 47%,70% and 62%,respectively.In the radiotherapy alone group,12(35%) cases obtained complete response,13 had partial response and 9 remained stable after radiotherapy.The 5-year overall survival and locoregional failure-free survival rates in the radiotherapy alone and combined therapy groups were 69% and 74%,63% and 66%,respectively (all P> 0.05).Conclusion The course of NACC is relatively slow.Radiotherapy is recommended for patients with high sensitivity towards radiotherapy.Salvage surgery is feasible for those who are insensitive to radiotherapy or with residual tumor after radiotherapy.

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Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 375-377, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753974

ABSTRACT

Lung transplantation is the only effective treatment for end-stage lung disease. The problems, including acute rejection, infection, primary graft dysfunction (PGD) and ischemia/reperfusion injury after lung transplantation, as well as surgical techniques and anesthesia management, donor, cardiopulmonary bypass or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and the main pathogenesis of the receptor, that restrict the development of lung transplantation seriously, and affect the prognosis of patients. Through the description of above major bottlenecks related to lung transplantation and the factors that seriously affect the survival of lung transplant patients and the current response measures, new ideas for the clinical treatment of lung transplantation are presented.

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