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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 123-128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920564

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the degree and influencing factors of glycosylated hemoglobin ( HbA1c ) control among patients with type 2 diabetes ( T2DM ) living in rural communities of Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the reference for optimizing the management of diabetes patients in rural communities.@*Methods@#Permanent adult patients with T2DM that were registered and received standardized management in all communities of Jiashan County and Suichang County, and 6 communities of Yongkang City, Zhejiang Province in 2016 were recruited, and their demographic characteristics were captured from the health record system and chronic disease management system. The height, body weight, waist circumstance and blood pressure were measured, and HbA1c and blood lipid parameters were detected. The degree of HbA1c control ( <7% ) was analyzed, and its influencing factors were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 10 339 patients with T2DM were enrolled, including 4 520 men ( 43.72% ) and 5 819 women ( 56.28% ), with a mean age of ( 63.54±9.78 ) years and the mean course of diabetes of ( 6.36±4.73 ) years. The rate of HbA1c control was 47.89%. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that males ( OR=1.123, 95%CI: 1.024-1.233 ), region ( Suichang, OR=2.413, 95%CI: 2.106-2.765; Yongkang, OR=2.460, 95%CI: 2.188-2.767 ), course of disease ( 5-9 years, OR=1.724, 95%CI: 1.504-1.977; 10 years and longer, OR=2.881, 95%CI: 2.477-3.351 ), use of hypoglycemic drugs ( OR=1.203, 95%CI: 1.089-1.329 ), development of chronic complications ( OR=1.190, 95%CI: 1.027-1.379 ), uncontrolled blood pressure ( OR=1.140, 95%CI: 1.030-1.261 ), uncontrolled blood lipid ( OR=1.258, 95%CI: 1.104-1.433 ), and smoking ( OR=1.318, 95%CI: 1.165-1.491 ) were statistically associated with HbA1c control among T2DM patients.@*Conclusion@#The rate of HbA1c control was 47.89% among T2DM patients in rural communities of Zhejiang Province. HbA1c control should be given a high priority among men living in low-economic-level regions with long course of disease, use of hypoglycemic drugs, chronic complications, smoking, uncontrolled blood pressure and lipid.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 364-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922921

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to study the effect of small molecule compound piceatannol (PIC) on host inflammation in adenine induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) mice, and then to explore its mechanism based on the regulation of gut microbiota. All procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); UPLC-TQ/MS technology was used to monitor the level of proinflammatory uremic toxin indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS); the expression of occludin was tested by Western blot; in vitro anaerobic culture of gut bacteria was used to produce indole; the abundance of gut microbiota was evaluated by 16S rDNA sequencing. The results showed that PIC had no effect on inflammatory infiltration in kidney tissue of CKD mice, but could decrease IL-6 level in blood and IL-6/TNF-α level in colon tissue. PIC did not improve intestinal occludin protein expression in CKD mice; while it could significantly reduce the levels of IS and PCS in blood and liver of CKD mice. Further mechanism studies showed that PIC could inhibit the synthesis of IS precursor indole in gut bacteria. Moreover, PIC could decrease the abundance of gut bacteria which producing uremic toxin, such as reducing the abundance of indole and p-cresol producing gut bacteria. In conclusion, PIC could regulate gut microbiota and inhibit the synthesis of uremic toxin precursor, thereafter reducing the accumulation of IS and PCS in vivo, ultimately relieving the inflammation of CKD mice.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 409-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922916

ABSTRACT

We investigated the ability of Dracocephalum moldavica (EPDM) flavonoids to protect human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) from necroptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury. To mimic the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a necroptosis model was established by treatment with the pan-cysteine aspartic acid protease (caspase) inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK combined with oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation (OGD/R) injury using HBMECs. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (cell counting kit-8, CCK-8) was used to measure cell viability. A Hoechst33342/PI fluorescent double-staining method was exploited to determine the rate of cell necroptosis. A commercial kit was used to detect lactate dehydrogenase in the cell culture supernate. DCFH-DA probes, calcein AM and JC-1 probes were used to measure changes in ROS production, mitochondrial membrane permeability transformation pore (MPTP) opening and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were chosen to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Western blotting was used to detect necroptosis-related proteins. The results show that relative to control group, Z-VAD-FMK combined with OGD/R injury reduced cell viability, increased the necroptosis rate and the levels of LDH and ROS in HBMECs. The MPTP of the model group cells opened and the MMP reduced. TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly elevated. Furthermore, the expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mitochondrial phosphoglycerate mutase 5 (PGAM5) was significantly increased, accompanied by an increase of phosphorylated mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL)/MLKL. EPDM partially reversed the changes of the above-mentioned factors in HBMECs induced by Z-VAD-FMK plus OGD/R injury. These results indicate that EPDM may protect HBMECs from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting the RIP3/MLKL/PGAM5 pathway and MPTP opening to maintain mitochondrial function, thereby providing a scientific basis for the use of EPDM in the treatment of cerebral ischemia-related diseases.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921757

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to explore the effect and mechanism of Jiawei Baitouweng Decoction(JWBTW) against ulcerative colitis(UC) from the perspective of intestinal mucosal tight junction proteins. From 60 SPF-grade male SD rats, 10 were randomly selected as the blank control, and the remaining 50 were treated with 3% dextran sodium sulfate(DSS) solution to induce UC and then randomized into the model group, mesalazine group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose JWBTW( L-JWBTW, M-JWBTW and H-JWBTW) groups, with 10 rats in each group. After successive medication for 14 days, the rat general conditions like body weight and stool were observed and the disease activity index(DAI) was calculated. The pathological changes in colon tissue was observed under a microscope for injury severity scoring and histopathological scoring. The serum endotoxin content was determined by limulus assay, followed by the measurement of protein expression levels of ZO-1, occludin, claudin-1, p38 MAPK, MLCK, MLC2 and p-MLC in colon tissue by Western blot. The results showed that compared with the blank group, the model group exhibited significantly reduced body weight, elevated DAI, injury severity and histopathological scores and serum endotoxin content, up-regulated protein expression levels of p38 MAPK, MLCK, MLC2 and p-MLC, and down-regulated ZO-1, occludin and claudin-1. Compared with the model group,mesalazine and JWBTW at each dose obviously increased the body weight, lowered the DAI, injury severity and histopathological scores and serum endotoxin content, down-regulated the protein expression levels of p38 MAPK, MLCK, MLC2 and p-MLC, and up-regulated the ZO-1, occludin and claudin-1, with the most obvious changes noticed in the H-JWBTW group. All these have indicated that JWBTW exerts the therapeutic effect against UC by inhibiting the activation of p38 MAPK/MLCK pathway, reversing the protein expression levels of occludin, claudin-1 and ZO-1, decreasing the serum endotoxin content, promoting the repair of intestinal mucosal mechanical barrier, maintaining the integrity of tight junctions, and reducing the permeability of intestinal mucosa.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Intestinal Mucosa , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Tight Junction Proteins/genetics , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 945-950, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect on ultrasound-guided vascular access-interventional therapy of hemodialysis in day surgery mode.Methods:Hemodialysis patients with vascular access dysfunction who underwent ultrasound-guided interventional therapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from September 1, 2018 to October 31, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic and clinical data were collected by electronic medical record system and telephone follow-up. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the patency rate of vascular access.Results:A total of 421 cases of ultrasound-guided vascular access intervention were performed in 269 patients. The technical success rates of stenosis, chronic occlusion and acute occlusion lesion were 98.8%, 90.6% and 86.4%, respectively, and 406 cases (96.4%) of 246 patients were clinically successful. The postoperative brachial artery blood flow was 821(627, 1 029) ml/min, which was significantly higher than 309(202, 453) ml/min before the operation ( Z=-13.547, P<0.001). No serious complications occurred during and after the operation. At 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after operation, the primary patency rate was 74%, 59%, 48% and 45%, respectively, the assisted primary patency rate was 94%, 91%, 88% and 82%, and the secondary patency rate was 96%, 93%, 91% and 86%. Compared with the conventional inpatient surgery mode, the total cost of the day surgery mode was significantly reduced [12 067(10 051, 13 198) yuan vs 14 986(12 411, 20 643) yuan, Z=-13.185, P<0.001], and the hospital stay was significantly shortened [5.1(3.5, 6.9) h vs 73.4(31.6, 146.6) h, Z=-13.348, P<0.001]. Conclusion:It is safe and effective to perform interventional therapy for vascular access malfunction under ultrasound in day surgery mode, which can save cost and time of hospitalization, and can be carried out in hospitals with relevant conditions.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 344-347, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862440

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the effect of opaque bubble layer(OBL)on the ocular cylotorsion compensation during FS-LASIK procedures. <p>METHODS: Prospectively clinical study. From July 2019 to September 2019, two-hundred FS-LASIK patients(400 eyes)were randomly included into this study. The total OBL incidence, flap-out OBL incidence, flap-in OBL incidence, incidence of dynamic cyclotorsion component(DCC)and incidence of static cyclotorsion component(SCC)were statistically analyzed. <p>RESULTS: OBL developed in 183 eyes of 400 FS-LASIK eyes, with a total OBL incidence of 45.8%. DCC was successfully performed on 397 eyes, with a total DCC incidence of 99.2%. SCC was successfully performed on 293 eyes, with a total SCC incidence of 73.2%. Neither flap-out OBL nor flap-in OBL could disturb the successful implementation of DCC during the operation(<i>P</i>>0.05). Both flap-out OBL and flap-in OBL could impact the SCC implementation and make it fail(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: OBL can result in failure of SCC implementation during the FS-LASIK procedures.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879044

ABSTRACT

L~*, a~* and b~* values of prepared slices of Curcumae Rhizoma were measured by spectrophotometer. SPSS 21.0 was used for discriminant analysis to establish the color range and mathematical prediction model of prepared slices of Curcumae Rhizoma. The values of L~*, a~* and b~* of kwangsiensis ranged from 58.09-62.40, 4.53-5.66 and 23.61-24.29, while the values of L~*, a~* and b~* of phaeocaulis were between 64.02-70.71,-0.89-4.13 and 44.59-54.52, respectively. The values of L~*, a~* and b~* of wenyujin were 68.55-70.99,-0.11-1.47 and 28.26-32.19, respectively. The mathematical prediction model was proved to be able to realize 100% identification of Curcumae Rhizome of different origins through original and cross validation and external samples validation. A dual wavelength HPLC was established; the contents of 9 sesquiterpenoids and 3 Curcumae Rhizomes were determined simultaneously; and the contents of Curcumae Rhizome of different origins were determined. The results showed that kwangsiensis had higher contents of neocurdione, β-elemene and isocurcumaenol, phaeocaulis curcumin, furadienone, demethoxycurcumin and curcumin; and wenyujin mainly contained curdione, furadienes and guimarone. Pearson correlation analysis on L~*, a~*, b~* value and content of 12 components showed that curcumin, furadienone, demethoxycurcumin and curcumin had a significant positive correlation with b~* value(P<0.01). There was a significant negative correlation between neocurdione, β-elemene and isocurcumaenol and L~* value(P<0.01). Curdione, furadienes and guimarone were significantly correlated with L~* value(P<0.01),indicating that the appearance co-lor of Curcumae Rhizoma could reflect the change of the content of the internal components. This study provided reference for the rapid recognition of Curcumae Rhizoma and the establishment of quality evaluation system.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Color , Curcuma , Curcumin , Rhizome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879014

ABSTRACT

To establish the method for determining non-volatile ingredients of neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, rosmarinic acid, ferulic acid, rutin, luteoloside, isoquercitrin, hesperidin, diosmin, diosmetin, luteolin, acacetin and linarin in Menthae Haplocalycis Herba formula granules and traditional herbal pieces by UPLC-MS/MS, and analyze the correlation of non-volatile ingredients in Menthae Haplocalycis Herba formula granules and traditional herbal pieces. Shim-pack GIST C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 2 μm) was adopted with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution at the flow rate of 0.4 mL·min~(-1). The column temperature was set at 35 ℃. The quantitative analysis was performed using the electrospray ionization source and the multiple reaction monitoring. The linear relationship, resolution, repeatability and recovery of the 16 chemical components all met the requirements. The 16 non-volatile ingredients in traditional herbal pieces of Menthae Haplocalycis Herba could be tracked in formula granules. There were certain differences of the 16 chemical components among Menthae Haplocalycis Herba formula granules of different manufacturers and traditional herbal pieces of different producing areas. The UPLC-MS/MS method was simple, rapid and accurate, and could be used for the quality control of non-volatile ingredients in Menthae Haplocalycis Herba formula granules and traditional herbal pieces.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Correlation of Data , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878728

ABSTRACT

Gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM)can cause blood glucose disorders in pregnant women and result in adverse maternal-neonatal outcomes.Vitamin D(VD)can improve glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity,and thus theoretically,VD supplementation during pregnancy could improve glycemic control as well as maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients.Although studies have shown that VD deficiency is associated with poor maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients,no solid conclusion has been drawn with regard to the effects of VD supplementation on these patients.Therefore,here we summarized the research progress of the effects of VD supplementation on glycemic control and adverse maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients,in an effort to guide the clinical VD supplementation during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements , Female , Glycemic Control , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Vitamin D
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878703

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on serum lipid profiles and neonatal prognosis in gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM)patients.Methods The electronic databases including PubMed,Web of Science,Embase,CNKI,and Wanfang Data were searched from inception to February 1,2020.All randomized controlled trials that compared vitamin D supplementation with placebo or without supplementation for GDM women were included.Paper selection,data extraction,meta-analysis and sensitivity analysis were conducted independently by two authors.Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool.The data were analyzed in RevMan 5.3 software and Stata 12.0.Results Totally 17 randomized controlled trials involving 1432 patients(704 in the intervention group and 728 in the control group)were included in the meta-analysis.The results showed that vitamin D supplementation significantly reduced serum total cholesterol [MD=-6.11,95% CI=(-7.17,-5.04)],low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [MD=-10.80,95% CI=(-14.72,-6.89)],and triglyceride [MD=-8.11,95% CI=(-10.09,-6.13)],while significantly increased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 level [MD=45.45,95% CI=(41.98,48.92)] and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [MD=2.77,95% CI=(1.59,3.96)].In addition,vitamin D supplementation significantly reduced the incidence rate of hyperbilirubinemia [RR=0.49,95% CI=(0.35,0.68)],premature birth [RR=0.44,95% CI=(0.27,0.72)],and neonatal hospitalization [RR=0.44,95% CI=(0.29,0.67)].Conclusions Vitamin D supplementation may regulate the serum lipid profiles in patients with GDM and reduce the incidence of adverse neonatal outcomes.More high-quality RCTs are needed to confirm the findings in our study.


Subject(s)
Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Vitamin D , Vitamins
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1289-1298, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The significant morbidity and mortality resulted from the infection of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) call for urgent development of effective and safe vaccines. We report the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, KCONVAC, in healthy adults.@*METHODS@#Phase 1 and phase 2 randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trials of KCONVAC were conducted in healthy Chinese adults aged 18 to 59 years. The participants in the phase 1 trial were randomized to receive two doses, one each on Days 0 and 14, of either KCONVAC (5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo. The participants in the phase 2 trial were randomized to receive either KCONVAC (at 5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo on Days 0 and 14 (0/14 regimen) or Days 0 and 28 (0/28 regimen). In the phase 1 trial, the primary safety endpoint was the proportion of participants experiencing adverse reactions/events within 28 days following the administration of each dose. In the phase 2 trial, the primary immunogenicity endpoints were neutralization antibody seroconversion and titer and anti-receptor-binding domain immunoglobulin G seroconversion at 28 days after the second dose.@*RESULTS@#In the phase 1 trial, 60 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 24), 10-μg vaccine (n = 24), or placebo (n = 12). In the phase 2 trial, 500 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 100 for 0/14 or 0/28 regimens), 10-μg vaccine (n = 100 for each regimen), or placebo (n = 50 for each regimen). In the phase 1 trial, 13 (54%), 11 (46%), and seven (7/12) participants reported at least one adverse event (AE) after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. In the phase 2 trial, 16 (16%), 19 (19%), and nine (18%) 0/14-regimen participants reported at least one AE after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. Similar AE incidences were observed in the three 0/28-regimen treatment groups. No AEs with an intensity of grade 3+ were reported, expect for one vaccine-unrelated serious AE (foot fracture) reported in the phase 1 trial. KCONVAC induced significant antibody responses; 0/28 regimen showed a higher immune responses than that did 0/14 regimen after receiving two vaccine doses.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both doses of KCONVAC are well tolerated and able to induce robust immune responses in healthy adults. These results support testing 5-μg vaccine in the 0/28 regimen in an upcoming phase 3 efficacy trial.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx (No. ChiCTR2000038804, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62350; No. ChiCTR2000039462, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=63353).


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Double-Blind Method , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Inactivated/adverse effects
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877600

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with insomnia between the combined treatment of @*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with COVID-19 accompanied with insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (45 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (45 cases). In the observation group, @*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of every item and the total scores in PSQI were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The combined treatment of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/etiology , Treatment Outcome
13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 899-902, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876022

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the clinical effect of a limbus protection technique during epithelium-on corneal collagen cross-linking(Epi-on CXL)for keratoconus treatment.<p>METHODS: Prospectively clinical study. A total of 15 patients(30 eyes)with diagnosed binocular progressive keratoconus were selected and treated with Epi-on CXL in my hospital from Jan. to Dec. 2019, and divided into 2 groups, Limbus-protecting Group and Control Group. The differences in corrected distance visual acuity, astigmatism, Km, thickness at the thinnest point of cornea, postoperative discomfort score, corneal epithelium healing time, and tear breakup time were compared between the two groups pre- and postoperatively.<p>RESULTS: The corrected distance visual acuity and astigmatism were improved at 3mo postoperatively(<i>P</i><0.05). The thickness at the thinnest point of cornea and the tear breakup time decreased after Epi-on CXL surgeries(<i>P</i><0.05). No difference was found in parameters of corrected distance visual acuity, astigmatism, Km, thickness at the thinnest point of cornea, tear break up time, and postoperative discomfort sore between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). However, the postoperative corneal epithelium healing time in Limbus-protecting Group was shorter than in Control Group(3.20±0.56d <i>vs</i> 3.73±0.96d, <i>P</i>=0.041).<p>CONCLUSION:This limbal protection technique can reduce the corneal epithelium healing time after Epi-on CXL surgery, which preliminarily shows the feasibility of this technique.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874135

ABSTRACT

Background@#Using commutable external quality assessment (EQA) materials is important for monitoring successful harmonization efforts. We assessed the commutability of four human serum pool (HSP) preparations to identify candidate EQA materials for alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity measurement. @*Methods@#One set each of 85 clinical samples (CSs) was collected for ALT and AST activity measurement. The 15 candidate EQA materials included four types of HSP preparations (A to D): materials A, C, and D contained human original recombinant (HOR) aminotransferases; materials B was mixed leftover samples. The CSs and 15 candidate EQA materials were analyzed using seven routine assays, and the ln-transformed results were analyzed in 21 assay pairs. Commutability was assessed using Deming regression, with a 95% prediction interval (CLSI approach) and the difference in bias with an error component model (International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine [IFCC] approach). @*Results@#For ALT, all materials were commutable for 14–21 assay pairs according to the CLSI and IFCC approaches. For AST, B01-03 showed commutability for 14-21 assay pairs, and C01-03 and D01-03 showed commutability for no less than 10 assay pairs according to the two approaches. A01-06 were commutable for 9-16 assay pairs according to the CLSI approach, but for 6-9 assay pairs according to the IFCC approach. @*Conclusions@#Mixed leftover samples showed desirable commutability characteristics as candidate EQA materials for routine aminotransferase activity measurements. Human serum bases supplemented with HOR were commutable for most routine ALT activity measurements.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 584-596, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887694

ABSTRACT

Heart failure (HF), a clinical syndrome with high morbidity and mortality, is becoming a growing public health problem. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the major causes of HF, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying DCM-mediated HF are not completely understood. Previous studies have shown that dysregulation of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism could contribute to the development of HF. To explore the roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating AA metabolism in HF, we used two public datasets to analyze the expression changes of miRNAs in the patients of DCM-mediated HF. A total of 101 and 88 miRNAs with significant abundance alterations in the two dataset were obtained, respectively. Around 1/3 of these miRNAs were predicted to target AA metabolic pathway genes. We also investigated the distribution of known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the sequences of miRNAs dysregulated in DCM-mediated HF patients, and identified miRNAs harboring high number of SNPs in either the seed regions or the entire sequences. These information could provide clues for further functional studies of miRNAs in the pathogeny of DCM-mediated HF.


Subject(s)
Arachidonic Acid , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/genetics , Heart Failure/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1409-1415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887074

ABSTRACT

Compound houttuynia mixture belongs to OTC class A medicine, which is made from Houttuynia cordata, Scutellaria baicalensis, Radix Isatidis, Forsythia, and Lonicera. As a kind of compound preparation of traditional Chinese medicine, houttuynia cordata mixture has extensive pharmacological effects, for example, clearing away heat and detoxifying, thus it is used for the sore throat, acute pharyngitis, and tonsillitis with wind-heat syndrome. In this study, the antiviral activity against influenza viruses and the primary mechanism of compound houttuynia mixture was evaluated. The antiviral effect of compound houttuynia mixture was determined by cytopathic effects (CPE), Western blot, quantitive reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR), and virus titer assays. The effect of houttuynia mixture on the replication cycle of influenza virus was evaluated by time-of-addition assay. In conclusion, the results showed that the compound houttuynia mixture had a broad-spectrum effect against influenza virus, including the international common influenza virus strains, the drug-resistant strains and the highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses H5N1 and H7N9. It mainly impairs the early stage of the viral replication.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 630-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886795

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common complications after liver transplantation. The survival rate of recipients after liver transplantation with diabetes mellitus and the long-term survival rate of grafts are significantly lower than those of their counterparts without diabetes mellitus. In recent years, diabetes mellitus after liver transplantation has attracted widespread attention along with the rapid development of liver transplantation in China. Although post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) has been extensively investigated in the past two decades, multiple problems remain to be further resolved. The study was designed to review the latest research progress upon diabetes mellitus after liver transplantation, covering the definition and diagnostic criteria of PTDM, risk factors, prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus after liver transplantation, aiming to deepen the understanding of diabetes mellitus following liver transplantation, deliver effective prevention and management, improve the long-term survival rate and enhance the quality of life of the recipients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885875

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of macular microvessels in patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and macular edema (ME) after intravitreal injection of aflibercept (IVA), and analyze its correlation with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA).Methods:A retrospective case study. Thirty patients (30 eyes) with monocular RVO with ME (RVO-ME) who were diagnosed in the clinical examination of Tianjin Eye Hospital from April 2019 to February 2020 were included in the study. Among them, there were 12 males (12 eyes) and 18 females(18 eyes); the average age was 54.30±13.17 years. The average course of disease was3.43±1.97 months. Both eyes were examined by BCVA and optical coherence tomography (OCTA). The on-demand injection was adopted after the first injection in IVA treatment regimen. The macular area 6 mm×6 mm in both eyes was scanned with an OCTA instrument, and the area of the foveal avascular area (FAZ), FAZ circumference (PERIM), and out-of-roundness were measured at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. Index (AI), blood flow density within 300 μm width of FAZ (FD-300), foveal retinal thickness (CMT), superficial retinal capillary plexus (SCP), deep retinal capillary plexus (DCP) blood flow density. The paired t test was used to compare the quantitative parameters of the affected eye and the contralateral healthy eye at baseline; the changes of the quantitative parameters at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment were analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between BCVA, retinal perfusion, and macular blood supply parameters at 6 months after IVA treatment. Results:At baseline, compared with the contralateral healthy eye, the FAZ area ( t=-4.091), PERIM ( t=-5.098) and AI ( t=-9.093) of the RVO-ME eye were enlarged, and FD-300 ( t=7.237) and overall SCP and DCP blood flow density ( t=8.735, 9.897) decreased, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). Six months after treatment, the BCVA of RVO-ME eyes was significantly increased, CMT decreased, FAZ area expanded, and AI decreased ( t=8.566, 16.739, -6.469, 9.719; P<0.001), the difference was statistically significant. There was no significant change in the blood flow density of FD-300 and overall SCP and DCP, and the difference was not statistically significant ( t=1.017, 1.197, 0.987; P>0.05). Compared with baseline, the FAZ area of RVO-ME eyes gradually expanded at 3 and 6 months after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=21.979, P<0.001). Correlation analysis results showed that BCVA at 6 months after treatment was positively correlated with the overall SCP and DCP blood flow density at baseline and 6 months after treatment ( r=-0.538, -0.484, -0.879, -0.854; P<0.05). There was a negative correlation with the area of FAZ 6 months after treatment ( r=0.544, P=0.001). The number of ME recurrences was negatively correlated with BCVA and overall SCP and DCP blood flow density 6 months after treatment ( r=0.604, -0.462, -0.528; P<0.05), it was positively correlated with FAZ area ( r=0.379, P=0.043). Conclusion:Within 6 months of IVA treatment in RVO-ME eyes, ME is significantly reduced and visual acuity is improved; SCP blood flow density decreases, and FAZ area expands.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the outcome of posterior staphyloma (PS) marginal retinal photocoagulation in pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for high myopia macular hole retinal detachment eyes accompanied with PS.Methods:From January 2017 to June 2019, 49 patients (49 eyes) with high myopia macular hole retinal detachment accompanied with PS who were undergone PPV operation from Tianjin Eye Hospital were included in this study. There were 13 males (13 eyes) and 36 females (36 eyes). All patients underwent best corrected visual acuities (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography examinations. The standard logarithmic visual acuity chart was used for BCVA examination, and the visual acuity was converted to minimum resolution angle in logarithmic (logMAR) when recorded. The patients were randomly divided into two groups according to surgical options: conventional PPV with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling (group A, 24 eyes), PS marginal retinal photocoagulation in PPV with ILM peeling (group A, 25 eyes). The mean preoperative logMAR BCVA of group A and B were 1.87±0.28 and 1.80±0.37, the difference was not statistically significant ( t=0.604, P=0.551). The patients in the group A received 23G PPV, triamcinolone acetonide staining during the operation, the epiretinal membrane was peeled off, indocyanine green assisted staining, the posterior macular ILM was peeled off, and the peripheral retina was examined in detail during the operation. Areas with retinal degeneration were reinforced by laser photocoagulation, and the subretinal fluid was drained through the macular hole and filled with silicone oil. The eyes of the group B were subjected to retinal photocoagulation for 2 to 3 rows at the edge of the PS in addition to the usual surgical procedures. The average follow-up time was 8.34±3.21 months. Surgical outcome were estimated by the average number of operation, retinal reattachment rate, macular hole closure rate and BCVA. The χ2 test or Fisher exact probability was used to compare the count data. Independent sample t test was used to compare the measurement data. Results:Retinal reattachment was obtained in 17 eyes (70.8%, 17/24) and 24 eyes (96.0%, 24/25) in group A and B after first surgery respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=3.984, P=0.046). Final retinal reattachment was obtained in all 49 eyes. Final macular hole closure was in 15 eyes (62.5%, 15/24) and 19 eyes (76.0%, 19/25) in group A and B, respectively, the difference was not statistically significant ( χ2=1.051, P=0.305). The mean postoperative logMAR BCVA of group A (1.20±0.47) and B (1.08±0.39) were all improved than preoperative BCVA, the differences were all statistically significant ( t=2.899, 5.327; P=0.001, 0.000), the differences of mean postoperative logMAR BCVA between two groups was not statistically significant ( t=0.675, P=0.506). The mean number of operation of group A (2.63±0.88) was more than group B (2.08±0.28), the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.003, P=0.006). Conclusion:In comparison with conventional PPV, combined PS marginal retinal photocoagulation can improve retinal reattachment rate after first surgery, and reduce the number of reoperations.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationships between baseline percentage of pulmonary perfusion defect scores (PPDs%) and residual pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary endarterectomy in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients.Methods:A total of 37 CTEPH patients (21 males, 16 females, age (50±12) years) who had pre- and post-pulmonary endarterectomy ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scans from January 2016 to January 2019 at Fuwai Hospital were retrospectively collected. Residual pulmonary hypertension was defined as post-surgery mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) higher than 30 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). Semi-quantitative index PPDs% was calculated to represent the extent of impaired perfusion in the whole lung. Pre- and post-surgery pulmonary hemodynamic parameters including pulmonary arterial pressure and resistance and lung perfusion were compared. Factors that may be related residual pulmonary hypertension were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Paired t test and independent-sample t test were also used. Results:Pulmonary endarterectomy significantly decreased mPAP ((50.22±11.72) vs (26.41±10.61) mmHg; t=12.599, P<0.001) and pulmonary vascular resistance((10.06±5.48) vs (2.89±1.58) Wood unit; t=8.086, P<0.001). The number of defected lung segments (13.79±2.11 vs 5.52±2.82; t=11.593, P<0.001) was significantly reduced. Patients who had residual pulmonary hypertension ( n=11) exhibited significantly higher PPDs% before the surgery compared to those who were without residual pulmonary hypertension ( n=26; (57.48±5.88)% vs (47.77±11.09)%; t=-3.458, P=0.002). Baseline PPDs% was an independent factor for predicting residual pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary endarterectomy (odds ratio ( OR)=1.106, 95% CI: 1.006-1.216, P=0.036). Conclusions:Pulmonary V/Q scan can assess the therapeutic effects of pulmonary endarterectomy. Extent of impaired lung perfusion assessed by V/Q scan is the influencing factor for post-surgery residual pulmonary hypertension.

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