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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953938

ABSTRACT

Safety is the core of the quality of Chinese materia medica products, and microbial pollution caused by medicinal materials, decoction pieces, intermediate products and others can bring certain impact on the quality and safety of Chinese materia medica products. The reasons for this are not only the problems of medicinal materials themselves, but also the exogenous pollution introduced in the production process. How to effectively use microbial detection technology and establish an appropriate microbial quality control strategy in the whole process of Chinese materia medica production is of great significance to improve the quality of Chinese materia medica products. Therefore, the authors put forward a microbial quality control strategy in the whole process of Chinese materia medica production based on the guidance of quality by design (QbD) concept, emphasizing the scientific linkage between the internal and external microbial quality control systems to jointly ensure the quality of products in all aspects. Among them, the internal microbial quality control system includes the control of the whole chain of Chinese materia medica-decoction pieces-intermediate products-excipitents-packaging materials-final products, which should be carried out by stages and characteristics, while the external microbial quality control system includes the control of personnel-equipment and facilities-pharmaceutical water-environment, emphasizing the principle of quality risk management and the development of monitoring programs, aiming to closely integrate microbial quality risk management with the production process of Chinese materia medica products, and to classify and develop microbial control strategies in order to minimize the impact of contaminating microorganisms and effectively guarantee the quality of Chinese materia medica products.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 382-388, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000376

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We aimed to investigate the comfort, safety, and endoscopic visibility during esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) afforded by a modified 4-hour semifluid and 2-hour water (“4+2”) fasting protocol. @*Methods@#In this parallel group, endoscopist-blinded, randomized controlled trial, outpatients undergoing unsedated diagnostic EGD from 10:30 AM to 12:00 PM were randomly assigned to either a “4+2” protocol group or a conventional fasting group. The participants’ comfort during the fasting period and procedure was measured using the visual analog scale, and mucosal visibility was measured by endoscopists using the total visibility score. Satisfaction was defined as a visual analog scale score of ≤3. The primary outcome was the participants’ comfort during fasting. @*Results@#One hundred and six and 108 participants were randomized to the “4+2” protocol and control groups, respectively. Participants’ comfort before EGD was significantly higher in the “4+2” protocol group measured by both the proportion of satisfaction (86.8% vs 63.9%, p=0.002) and the visual analog scale score (median [interquartile range]: 1.0 [1.0–2.0] vs 3.0 [1.0–4.0], p<0.001). The proportion of satisfaction during EGD also significantly improved (59.4% vs 45.4%, p=0.039) in the “4+2” protocol group. The total visibility score was unaffected by the fasting protocol (5.0 [4.0–5.0] vs 4.0 [4.0–5.0], p=0.266). No adverse events were observed during the study. @*Conclusions@#The “4+2” protocol was more comfortable and provided equal mucosal visibility and safety compared with conventional fasting for unsedated EGD.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2749-2756, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981378

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of various adjuvant rice on the quality of rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix(RSRR) with Japonica rice, millet, yellow rice, black rice, and glutinous rice as raw materials, and analyze the anti-osteoporosis effect of RSRR by the optimal adjuvant rice. On the basis of the established UPLC-MS/MS method for the determination of the content of catalpol and rehmannioside D, comprehensive weighted scoring method was employed to evaluate the effect of various auxiliary rice on the quality of RSRR with the content of catalpol and rehmannioside D, character score, and taste score as indicators to optimize adjuvant rice. The osteoporosis model was induced by ovariectomy in rats. SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a positive control group, and low-dose and high-dose groups of Rehmanniae Radix, RSRR, steamed Rehmanniae Radix, and Epimedii Folium-RSRR. After treatment for 12 weeks, body weight, bone calcium content, and bone mineral density were mea-sured. The results showed that Japonica rice was selected as the optimal adjuvant due to the highest comprehensive score of RSRR steamed by Japonica rice. Rehmanniae Radix, RSRR, steamed Rehmanniae Radix, as well as Epimedii Folium-RSRR, could improve osteoporosis by increasing bone calcium content and bone mineral density. RSRR was superior to Rehmanniae Radix in improving osteo-porosis. However, there was no significant difference between RSRR and steamed Rehmanniae Radix. This study confirmed that Japo-nica rice was the optimal adjuvant rice of RSRR and verified the anti-osteoporosis effect of RSRR, which laid a foundation for further research on the pharmacological action and mechanism of RSRR.


Subject(s)
Female , Rats , Animals , Oryza , Chromatography, Liquid , Calcium , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Rehmannia , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 152-157, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971026

ABSTRACT

Chromodomain-helicase-DNA-binding protein 1 (CHD1) deletion is among the most common mutations in prostate cancer (PCa), but its role remains unclear. In this study, RNA sequencing was conducted in PCa cells after clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9)-based CHD1 knockout. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) indicated upregulation of hypoxia-related pathways. A subsequent study confirmed that CHD1 deletion significantly upregulated hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) expression. Mechanistic investigation revealed that CHD1 deletion upregulated HIF1α by transcriptionally downregulating prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 (PHD2), a prolyl hydroxylase catalyzing the hydroxylation of HIF1α and thus promoting its degradation by the E3 ligase von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor (VHL). Functional analysis showed that CHD1 deletion promoted angiogenesis and glycolysis, possibly through HIF1α target genes. Taken together, these findings indicate that CHD1 deletion enhances HIF1α expression through PHD2 downregulation and therefore promotes angiogenesis and metabolic reprogramming in PCa.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein/metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Prolyl Hydroxylases/metabolism , Hypoxia , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Glycolysis , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Helicases/metabolism
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 330-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965700

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumor is a major disease affecting human health. The nano-delivery system itself has a unique size effect and it can achieve tumor-targeted distribution of drug molecules, improve the therapeutic effect, and reduce the toxic and side effects on normal tissues and cells after functional modification. Patient-derived xenografts (PDX) models can be established by transplanting patient-derived cancer cells or small tumor tissue into immunodeficient mice directly. Compared with the tumor cell line model, this model can preserve the key features of the primary tumor such as histomorphology, heterogeneity, and genetic abnormalities, and keep them stable between generations. PDX models are widely used in drug evaluation, target discovery and biomarker development, especially providing a reliable research platform for the diagnosis and treatment evaluation of nano-delivery systems. This review summarizes the application of several common cancer PDX models in the evaluation of nano-delivery systems, in order to provide references for researchers to perform related research.

6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 824-831, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941010

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the protective effect of excretory-secretory proteins from Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae (Ts-MES) on sepsis-induced myocardial injury in mice.@*METHODS@#Eighty male BALB/C mice were randomized equally into sham-operated group, myocardial injury group, Ts-MES treatment group and dexamethasone treatment group. In the latter 3 groups, sepsis-induced myocardial injury models were established by cecal ligation and perforation; the sham operation was performed by exposure of the cecum without ligation or perforation. Forty minutes after the operation, the mice were given intraperitoneal injections 150 μL PBS, 20 μg TS-MES or 0.3 mg/kg dexamethasone as indicated. At 12 h after the operation, 6 mice were randomly selected from each group for echocardiography, and 8 mice were used for observing the survival rate within 72 h. The remaining 6 mice were examined for myocardial pathologies with HE staining and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI with ELISA; the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-β in the serum and myocardial tissue were detected using ELISA and qRT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operated mice, the septic mice showed significantly decreased cardiac function indexes (LVEF, LVFS, and E/A) with lowered survival rate within 72 h (P < 0.001) and significantly higher myocardial injury scores and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI (P < 0.01). Treatment with TS-MES significantly improved the cardiac function and 72-h survival rate (P < 0.05) and lowered the myocardial injury scores and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI (P < 0.05) in the septic mice. Compared with the sham-operated mice, the septic mice had obviously increased TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the serum and myocardial tissue (P < 0.001), which were significantly lowered by treatment with TS-MES (P < 0.05). TS-MES and dexamethasone both increased the levels of IL-10 and TGF-β in the septic mice, but the changes were significant only in TS-MES-treated mice (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ts-MES are capable of protecting against myocardial injury in septic mice by reducing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and enhancing the levels of regulatory cytokines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Cytokines , Dexamethasone , Heart Injuries , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Larva , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Myocardium , Sepsis , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Trichinella spiralis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 240-245, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940540

ABSTRACT

Recurrent genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease induced by herpes simplex virus(HSV), mainly manifested as erythema, papules, vesicles, erosion, and exudation on the skin and mucosal membranes of the genital and anal area, accompanied by burning pain, or tingling. Factors leading to its recurrence are overworking, fever, alcohol consumption, infection, sexual activity, etc. At least 1 in 10 of the 15-49-year-old population are infected with herpes simplex virus-2. There is currently no available method to completely remove the herpes simplex virus and prevent its recurrence, and recurrence seriously affects the quality of life and psychological health of patients. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the recurrence of genital herpes is mostly related to wind, dampness, heat, yin deficiency of liver and kidney, internal injuries due to emotional disorder, and dietary preference. TCM has advantages in reducing its recurrence rate. The lower energizer is closely related to skin diseases, and "lower energizer resembles drainage". Thus, the lower energizer is closely related to water and damp metabolism. Recurrent genital herpes occurs in the lower energizer and belongs to lower energizer diseases, and the fluid metabolism and qi movement in lower energizer are closely related to the occurrence of the disease. Based on thought of "lower energizer resembling drainage" and the clinical characteristics of recurrent genital herpes, this paper considered malfunction of lower energizer as its pathogenesis. Thus, smoothing the lower energizer according to the prevailing circumstances is particularly important and the treatment principle should be dispersing the pathogen from lower energizer without damaging yin. Zhulingtang (Treatise on Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Diseases) cures the difficulty in urination and thirst with desire to drink by smoothing the lower energizer. Thus, Zhulingtang was selected to treat recurrent genital herpes. This study is expected to provide a new idea for its clinical diagnosis and treatment.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 248-253, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935378

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and substance use behaviors among lesbians to provide a scientific basis for high-risk population identification and formulation of targeted intervention measures. Methods: Lesbians who participated in routine AIDS voluntary counseling, testing services, activities, and peer recommendations were recruited from July to December 2018, with the help of LesPark in Beijing. Convenient sampling method was used. Demographic characteristics, ACE, and substance use behaviors of subjects were investigated using an online platform powered by www.wjx.cn. Subsequently, the associations between ACE and adulthood substance use behaviors were evaluated using the logistic regression model. The SPSS 22.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 294 lesbians were recruited in the study, 81.3% (239/294) of them were lesbians, and 18.7% (55/294) were bisexuals. Besides, 55.8% (164/294) of subjects reported they had had ACE, with proportions of lesbians experiencing abuse, neglect, and family dysfunction as 33.3% (98/294), 24.5% (72/294), and 32.7% (96/294), respectively. 55.1% (162/294) of the lesbians reported they had smoked in the past 30 days, 11.2% (33/294) reported having drug-use behavior in the past three months, and 22.8% (67/294) claimed drinking alcohol weekly. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lesbians with ACE were at high risks to smoke (OR=1.87, 95%CI: 1.13-3.08), drink (OR=2.13, 95%CI: 1.18-3.84), and use drugs (OR=3.33, 95%CI: 1.29-8.61) in adulthood. Moreover, lesbians with childhood family dysfunction were at higher risk of smoking cigarettes (OR=2.60, 95%CI: 1.46-4.62) and drinking alcohol (OR=2.65, 95%CI: 1.44-4.87). At the same time, those with abuse experience were at higher risk of drug use (OR=3.17, 95%CI: 1.26-7.96). Conclusions: Substance use behaviors, including cigarette smoking, drinking alcohol, and drugs use, were common among lesbians. Positive associations were found between ACE and adulthood substance use behaviors.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Child Abuse/psychology , Risk Factors , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Substance-Related Disorders/psychology
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1642-1649, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928094

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects and mechanisms of 6-gingerol on adipose tissue insulin resistance in naturally aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders. Twenty-seven aging male SD rats were randomly divided into a model group(aged, n=9) and two groups treated with 6-gingerol at 0.05 mg·kg~(-1)(G-L, n=9) and 0.2 mg·kg~(-1)(G-H, n=9). Six young rats were randomly assigned to a normal control group(NC). Rats were treated for seven weeks by gavage. Non-esterified fatty acid(NEFA) and insulin content was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and adipose tissue insulin resistance index(Adipo-IR) was calculated. HE staining was used to observe the size of adipocytes in epididymal white adipose tissue(eWAT). The gene and protein expression levels of adiponectin receptor 1(AdipoR1), AMP-activated protein kinase α(AMPKα), phosphorylated AMPK(p-AMPKα~(Thr172)), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α(PGC-1α), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3 K), protein kinase B(Akt), phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt~(Ser473)), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2(JNK1/2), phosphorylated JNK1/2(p-JNK~(Thr183/Tyr185)), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in adiponectin(APN), insulin, and inflammatory factor signaling pathways were detected by Western blot and real-time RCR, respectively. The results showed that 6-gingerol at a high dose could significantly decrease the fasting plasma content of NEFA and insulin and reduce Adipo-IR. Additionally, 6-gingerol at a high dose significantly increased the protein and mRNA expression of APN, AdipoR1, PGC-1α, and PI3 K in eWAT, elevated the relative expression of p-AMPK~(Thr172) and p-Akt~(Ser 473), reduced the protein and mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in eWAT, and decreased the relative expression of p-JNK1 and p-JNK2. This study reveals that 6-gingerol can improve insulin sensitivity of adipose tissues in aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders, and this effect is presumedly achieved by enhancing the PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway, inhibiting adipose tissue inflammation, increasing APN synthesis, enhancing AdipoR1 expression, and activating its downstream AMPK/PGC-1α signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Adipose Tissue , Aging , Catechols , Fatty Alcohols , Insulin Resistance , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1567-1572, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928085

ABSTRACT

With the rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix unearthed from the tomb of Haihunhou in the Western Han Dynasty as the re-ference, the present study evaluated the quality of Rehmanniae Radix and investigated the processing technology of rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix to lay the foundation for the research on rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix products. With catalpol and rehmannioside D as the investigation indexes, the quality and grade of Rehmanniae Radix from different producing areas were evaluated with the methods in 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. UPLC method was established for the determination of catalpol and rehmannioside D in the rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix. The effects of steaming time, the amount of supplementary rice, and steaming times in the rice-steamed processing on the quality of products were investigated by L_9(3~4) orthogonal test and multi-index comprehensive balance scoring method combined with the content of catalpol and rehmannioside D and appearance characteristics. At last, the stability of the processing technology was tested. The results showed that the optimal processing technology for rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix was as follows: Rehmanniae Radix and rice(200 g∶4 g) were steamed twice at atmospheric pressure, four hours each time. The mass fractions of catalpol and rehmannioside D were 0.184% and 0.335%, respectively, and the character score was 6.5. The processing conditions are reaso-nable, stable, and feasible. It can provide a basis for the restoration of the ancient rice-steamed processing technology and references for the development of rice-steamed Rehmanniae Radix products in the future.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Oryza , Plant Extracts , Rehmannia , Technology
11.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1086-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974095

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Malaria, an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium infection, is one of the most important public health problems worldwide. Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are recommended by WHO as the first-line treatment for uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in malaria-endemic areas. The application of artemisinin and its derivatives has played an integral role in reducing the global incidence of malaria. However, in recent years, the emergence and spread of artemisinin resistance has brought great challenges to global malaria control and elimination. At present, the mutation of K13 gene on chromosome 13 of Plasmodium falciparum is most closely related to artemisinin resistance, but in recent years, studies have shown that K13 cannot explain all artemisinin resistance. This article reviews the recent research progress in the field of artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum, including definition of artemisinin resistance, detection methods and molecular markers related to resistance. In addition, some of the issues discussed in this review remain controversial and require further study.

12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 479-485, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985236

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a detection method for common new psychoactive substances of synthetic cannabinoids in hair with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Methods In the 1 mL of internal standard methanol solution, 20 mg hair was added. After cryogenic grinding and ultrasonic extraction, the extract was separated by ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 1.8 μm). The mobile phase A was aqueous solution that composed of 20 mmol/L ammonium acetate, 0.1% formic acid, and 5% acetonitrile. The mobile phase B was acetonitrile. Electrospray ionization source in positive ion mode was used for data acquisition in multi-reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Results The seven common new psychoactive substances of synthetic cannabinoids in hair had a good linear relationship within their respective linear ranges (r>0.99), the limits of detection were 0.5-2 pg/mg, the limits of quantification were 1-5 pg/mg, the intra-day and inter-day precisions were 0.1%-12.6%, the intra-day and inter-day accuracies were 89.2%-110.7%, the recovery rates were 52.3%-93.3%, and the matrix effects were 19.1%-95.2%. Conclusion The established method has a simple sample preparation process and high sensitivity. It is suitable for qualitative and quantitative analysis of common new psychoactive substances of synthetic cannabinoids in hair.


Subject(s)
Cannabinoids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Hair , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 685-693, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878895

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine in treating patients with resistant hypertension. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, EMbase and other databases were retrieved by computers to screen out the randomized controlled trial of traditional Chinese medicine in treating resistant hypertension. Cochrane Handbook was used to evaluate the quality of the included literature, RevMan 5.3 and Stata 12.0 was used for Meta-analysis. Finally, 11 literatures meeting the criteria were included, involving 1 023 patients. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the combined therapy of standard triple antihypertensive regimen with traditional Chinese medicine could further reduce systolic blood pressure of patients with resistant hypertension(MD=-16.69, 95%CI[-22.21,-11.16], P<0.000 01), reduce diastolic blood pressure(MD=-7.51, 95%CI[-8.26,-6.76], P<0.000 01), improve the effective rate of anti-hypertension(OR=5.16, 95%CI[3.01, 8.84], P<0.000 01), improve the up-to-standard rate of blood pressure(OR=3.01, 95%CI[1.49, 6.09], P=0.002), and improve the effectiveness of clinical symptoms(OR=4.48, 95%CI[2.31, 8.68], P<0.000 01), with no significant effect on creatinine level(MD=-2.51, 95%CI[-6.91, 1.89], P=0.26). The results of this study indicated that the combined therapy of standard triple antihypertensive regimen with traditional Chinese medicine could further improve the clinical efficacy in patients with resistant hypertension with a good safety, but more high-quality clinical studies are still needed to verify this conclusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Hypertension/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Treatment Outcome
14.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1299-1309, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894684

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine whether T1 mapping could monitor the dynamic changes of injury in myocardial infarction (MI) and be histologically validated. @*Materials and Methods@#In 22 pigs, MI was induced by ligating the left anterior descending artery and they underwent serial cardiovascular magnetic resonance examinations with modified Look-Locker inversion T1 mapping and extracellular volume (ECV) computation in acute (within 24 hours, n = 22), subacute (7 days, n = 13), and chronic (3 months, n = 7) phases of MI. Masson’s trichrome staining was performed for histological ECV calculation. Myocardial native T1 and ECV were obtained by region of interest measurement in infarcted, peri-infarct, and remote myocardium. @*Results@#Native T1 and ECV in peri-infarct myocardium differed from remote myocardium in acute (1181 ± 62 ms vs. 1113 ± 64 ms, p = 0.002; 24 ± 4% vs. 19 ± 4%, p = 0.031) and subacute phases (1264 ± 41 ms vs. 1171 ± 56 ms, p < 0.001; 27 ± 4% vs. 22 ± 2%, p = 0.009) but not in chronic phase (1157 ± 57 ms vs. 1120 ± 54 ms, p = 0.934; 23 ± 2% vs. 20 ± 1%, p = 0.109). From acute to chronic MI, infarcted native T1 peaked in subacute phase (1275 ± 63 ms vs. 1637 ± 123 ms vs. 1471 ± 98 ms, p < 0.001), while ECV progressively increased with time (35 ± 7% vs. 46 ± 6% vs. 52 ± 4%,p < 0.001). Native T1 correlated well with histological findings (R2 = 0.65 to 0.89, all p < 0.001) so did ECV (R2 = 0.73 to 0.94, all p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#T1 mapping allows the quantitative assessment of injury in MI and the noninvasive monitoring of tissue injury evolution, which correlates well with histological findings.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 108-113, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872864

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Shenling Baizhusan on the protein and mRNA expression of inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase (IκK)/inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B(IκB)/nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB) signaling pathway in the colon of rats with ulcerative colitis (UC) of spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation type, and to explore the mechanism of Shenling Baizhusan in the treatment of UC. Method:The 48 Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Shenling Baizhusan group (15.6 g·kg-1) and osalazine sodium group (0.68 g·kg-1), 12 rats in each group. The model of UC with spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation was reproduced by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)/ethanol enema combined with environment and diet intervention.Serum levels of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression of NF-κB p65, IκBα, IκKβ protein in colon tissue was measured by Western blot and immunohistochemical method, and the mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, IκBα and IκKβ in colon tissue of rats in each group was detected and compared by real time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:Compared with normal group,the levels of TNF-α,IL-6 and IL-1β in the serum, the protein and mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, IκKβ in colon tissue of the model group was significantly higher than that of normal group (P<0.01), and the protein and mRNA expression of IκBα was significantly lower than that of normal group (P<0.01). Compared with model group,the protein and mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, IκKβ in colon tissue of the Shenling Baizhusan group and osalazine sodium group were significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the protein and mRNA expression of IκBα was significantly increased (P<0.01). Conclusion:Shenling Baizhusan can obviously down regulate the protein and mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, IκKβ,up regulate the expression of IκBα in colon tissue of UC rats with spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation. The inhibition of IκK/IκB/NF-κB signal pathway activation by Shenling Baizhusan is an important mechanism of its role in protecting intestinal mucosa.

16.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1299-1309, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902388

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine whether T1 mapping could monitor the dynamic changes of injury in myocardial infarction (MI) and be histologically validated. @*Materials and Methods@#In 22 pigs, MI was induced by ligating the left anterior descending artery and they underwent serial cardiovascular magnetic resonance examinations with modified Look-Locker inversion T1 mapping and extracellular volume (ECV) computation in acute (within 24 hours, n = 22), subacute (7 days, n = 13), and chronic (3 months, n = 7) phases of MI. Masson’s trichrome staining was performed for histological ECV calculation. Myocardial native T1 and ECV were obtained by region of interest measurement in infarcted, peri-infarct, and remote myocardium. @*Results@#Native T1 and ECV in peri-infarct myocardium differed from remote myocardium in acute (1181 ± 62 ms vs. 1113 ± 64 ms, p = 0.002; 24 ± 4% vs. 19 ± 4%, p = 0.031) and subacute phases (1264 ± 41 ms vs. 1171 ± 56 ms, p < 0.001; 27 ± 4% vs. 22 ± 2%, p = 0.009) but not in chronic phase (1157 ± 57 ms vs. 1120 ± 54 ms, p = 0.934; 23 ± 2% vs. 20 ± 1%, p = 0.109). From acute to chronic MI, infarcted native T1 peaked in subacute phase (1275 ± 63 ms vs. 1637 ± 123 ms vs. 1471 ± 98 ms, p < 0.001), while ECV progressively increased with time (35 ± 7% vs. 46 ± 6% vs. 52 ± 4%,p < 0.001). Native T1 correlated well with histological findings (R2 = 0.65 to 0.89, all p < 0.001) so did ECV (R2 = 0.73 to 0.94, all p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#T1 mapping allows the quantitative assessment of injury in MI and the noninvasive monitoring of tissue injury evolution, which correlates well with histological findings.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 170-174, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230975

ABSTRACT

Cor pulmonale rat models were induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of monocrotaline(MCT), and the sham group received a single intraperitioneal injection of normal saline. After the model rats received intragastric administration of Qishen Yiqi droplet(QS) for 6 weeks, the contents of adenylate(ATP, ADP and AMP) in right myocardial tissues were measured by HPLC, and then the metabolism changes in myocardium of cor pulmonale rats with QS were investigated. The results showed that ATP, ADP, and AMP were well separated, with a good linearity within a certain range of concentration; and the recovery rates were within the range of 90%-108%. As compared with model group, the level of ATP was significantly elevated in high-dose treatment group; ADP contents showed an increasing trend and AMP contents showed a decreasing trend, indicating that QS could significantly improve energy metabolism system in myocardium. By using the HPLC, a qualitative and quantitative analysis method was given for the determination of ATP, ADP and AMP contents in myocardium, providing a method for energy metabolism measurement in biological samples.

18.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 607-611,668, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666863

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemic status of principal human parasitosis in the ecological region of Huaiyang hills of Henan Province. Methods According to the scheme of The 3rd National Survey of Principal Human Parasites made by National Institute of Parasitic Diseases,the survey was performed based on the ecological regions. The stratified cluster sampling was made combined with the economic and geographical conditions. The infections of intestinal helminths and protozoans in per-manent residents were respectively detected by Kato-Kats technique and iodine solution. Trichuris trichiura infection was detect-ed by the cellophane swab method in children aged 3 to 6 years. Results Totally 6710 residents in 26 survey spots from 9 coun-ties were detected,in which 528 children aged 3 to 6 years were detected for T. trichiura infection. Eleven kinds of parasites were found in this survey,including 5 species of helminthes and 6 species of protozoans. The infection rates of overall parasites, helminthes and protozoans were respectively 1.65%,1.07%and 0.61%. The infection rate of T. trichiura in the children aged 3 to 6 years was 3.79%. Only 0.10 percent of the infections were co-infection,and all were infected by 2 kinds of parasites. The principal parasites in this district were Ascaris lumbricoides(0.31%),Blastocystis hominis(0.28%)and hookworm(0.27%). The T. trichiura infection rate among children was 3.79% by the cellophane swab method. The infections of protozoans were found in all age groups. In the group aged 9 years and below,the maximum kinds of parasites were found. Conclusion The in-fection rates of principal human parasites in Huaiyang hilly ecological region of Henan have decreased sharply ,but more efforts still should be paid on the prevention and control of parasitosis in children.

19.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 3125-3130, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853934

ABSTRACT

Fresh herbs, whose clinical application has been throughout the entire process of the origin and development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), are with the characteristics of treatment by Chinese materia medica (CMM). Fresh herbs are mainly used during the treatment of febrile disease. Compared with dry herbs, some fresh herbs have better and quicker effect on curing disease, at the same time, it is more meaningful in the treatment of febrile disease. However, the fact that current study on the material basis of fresh herbs is insufficient makes the failure about reasonably designing fresh herbs preparations, so that people can not provide the bases and guidances for the reform of dosage form. Through historical research about the application of fresh herbs, this paper describes the current situation about fresh herbs at home and abroad in recent years, in order to provide a scientific basis for the rational exploitation of fresh herbs resources.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 149-153, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318702

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The study aimed to clone the open reading frame of chalcone synthase (CHS) from Aquilaria sinensis and analyze the bioinformatics and expression of the gene.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>One unique sequence containing CHS domain was discovered in our previous reported wound transcriptome dataset of A. sinensis. The open reading frame of CHS was cloned by RT-PCR strategy with the template of mixed RNA extracted from A. sinensis stem which treated by different wound time. The bioinformatic analysis of this gene and its corresponding protein was performed. The AsCHS1 expression in calli was analyzed with histone gene as an internal control gene under wound condition by qRT-PCR technique.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>One unique sequence of CHS, named as AsCHS1, was cloned from A. sinensis. The full length of AsCHS1 cDNA was containing a 1 192 bp ORF that encoded 397 amino acids. The result of qRT-PCR displayed that the highest expression level was at 12 h, which indicated that it was possibly involved in early-stage response to wound.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cloning and analyzing AsCHS1 gene from A. sinensis provided basic information for study the function and expression regulation of AsCHS1 in the flavonoids biosynthesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Acyltransferases , Genetics , Base Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , Computational Biology , DNA, Complementary , Chemistry , Genetics , DNA, Plant , Chemistry , Genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Models, Molecular , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Protein Structure, Tertiary , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , RNA, Plant , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Thymelaeaceae , Chemistry , Genetics
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