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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3370-3376, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906850

ABSTRACT

italic>Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. is a valuable medicinal plant, with anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive and other pharmacological activities. Triterpenoids are one of the main active components that exert pharmacological effects. However, the content of triterpenoids dominated by triptolide is very low in Tripterygium wilfordii, and the analysis of the biosynthetic pathway of triterpenoids in Tripterygium wilfordii provides an effective new idea for obtaining these compounds. 2,3-Oxidosqualene cyclases (OSCs) are the key enzyme that catalyzes the formation of triterpene skeleton diversity. Based on the genome and transcriptome data of Tripterygium wilfordii, 16 OSC genes were identified and analyzed. Phylogenetic analysis showed that 16 TwOSC proteins could be mainly classified as four groups. They are β-amyrin synthase group, friedelin synthase group, multifunctional amyrin synthase and cycloartenol synthase group. TwOSC6 was successfully cloned. Functional characterization analysis revealed that TwOSC6 can catalyze the formation of α-amyrin and β-amyrin. This indicates that TwOSC6 is a multifunctional amyrin synthase. This provides new gene resources for the diversity of Tripterygium wilfordii triterpenoids, as well as new gene elements for biosynthesis triterpenoids.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882036

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the karyotypes and C bands of Triatoma rubrofasciata in China, so as to understand its chromosome number, morphology and C-band staining of T. rubrofasciata. Methods The testis specimens were sampled from male T. rubrofasciata collected from Shunde City, Guangdong Province, prepared into slides of metaphase chromosomes and subjected to Giemsa staining and C-band staining. The morphology of metaphase chromosomes and the location of heterochromatin were observed using microscopy, and the long arm and short arm of each chromosome and total chromosome length were recorded to analyze the karyotypes and C bands of T. rubrofasciata. Results The male T. rubrofasciata presented a chromosome number of 2n = 25, including 22 autosomes and 3 sex chromosomes. The relative length of chromosomes ranged from 3.59% to 12.76%, the arm ratio was 1.06 to 1.24, and the centromere index was 44.76% to 48.47%. All chromosomes were metacentric chromosomes and the karyotype formula was 2n = 22 metacentric + X1X2Y, and the C bands varied on different chromosomes. No heterochromatin was found in the X chromosome, and the overall staining appeared pale, while heterochromatin was detected in all regions of the Y chromosome, and the overall staining appeared dark. In addition, heterochromatin was present in both ends of the autosome. Conclusions The male T. rubrofasciata presents a chromosome number of 2n = 25 in China, and the karyotype formula is 2n = 22 metacentric + X1X2Y. C-banding shows dark staining of the Y chromosome, pale staining of the X chromosome, and dark staining of both ends of the autosome. Our data may provide insights into the investigation on the origin, evolution and gene mapping of T. rubrofasciata in China.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2039-2049, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887780

ABSTRACT

Triptolide has wide clinical applications due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and immunosuppressive activities. In this study, we investigated the effect of blocking isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) translocation on the biosynthesis of triptolide by exogenously adding D,L-glyceraldehyde (DLG) to the suspension cells of Ttripterygium wilfordii at different stages (7 d, 14 d). Subsequently, the cell viability, biomass accumulation, triptolide contents, as well as the profiles of the key enzyme genes involved in the upstream pathway of triptolide biosynthesis, were analyzed. The results showed that IPP translocation is involved in the biosynthesis of triptolide. IPP is mainly translocated from the plastid (containing the MEP pathway) to the cytoplasm (containing the MVA pathway) in the early stage of the culture, but reversed in the late stage. Blocking the translocation of IPP affected the expression of key enzyme genes involved in the upstream pathway of triptolide, which in turn affected the accumulation of triptolide. Understanding the characteristics and mechanism of IPP translocation provides a theoretical basis for further promoting triptolide biosynthesis through synthetic biology.


Subject(s)
Diterpenes , Epoxy Compounds , Hemiterpenes , Organophosphorus Compounds , Phenanthrenes
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2091-2101, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887631

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) actin filament-associated protein 1 antisense RNA 1 (AFAP1-AS1) functions as a competing endogenous RNA to regulate target genes expression by sponging microRNAs (miRs) to play cancer-promoting roles in cancer stem cells. However, the regulatory mechanism of AFAP1-AS1 in cervical cancer (CC) stem cells is unknown. The present study aimed to provide a new therapeutic target for the clinical treatment of CC.@*METHODS@#Hyaluronic acid receptor cluster of differentiation 44 variant exon 6 (CD44v6)(+) CC cells were isolated by flow cytometry (FCM). Small interfering RNAs of AFAP1-AS1 (siAFAP1-AS1) were transfected into the (CD44v6)(+) cells. The levels of AFAP1-AS1 were measured by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Sphere formation assay, cell cycle analysis, and Western blotting were used to detect the effect of siAFAP1-AS1. RNA pull-down and luciferase reporter assay were used to verify the relationship between miR-27b-3p and AFAP1-AS1 or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C.@*RESULTS@#CD44v6(+) CC cells had remarkable stemness and a high level of AFAP1-AS1. However, AFAP1-AS1 knockdown with siAFAP1-AS1 suppressed the cell cycle transition of G(1)/S phase and inhibited self-renewal of CD44v6(+) CC cells, the levels of the stemness markers octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4), osteopontin (OPN), and cluster of differentiation 133 (CD133), and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins Twist1, matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-9, and VEGF-C. In the mechanism study, miR-27b-3p/VEGF-C signaling was demonstrated to be a key downstream of AFAP1-AS1 in the CD44v6(+) CC cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LncRNA AFAP1-AS1 knockdown inhibits the CC cell stemness by upregulating miR-27b-3p to suppress VEGF-C.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 21-28, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872608

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is one of the common malignant tumors of male urogenital system, and the incidence of prostate cancer in China has increased significantly in the past decade. At present, endocrine therapy based on androgen blockade is the main method of clinical treatment except radical surgery and radiotherapy/chemotherapy for prostate cancer. However, the clinical benefit can only be obtained in the early stage of treatment, and nearly 90% of patients will develop to the castration resistance, and among them, nearly 90% of patients will have bone metastasis. The quality of life decreases sharply with the progression of disease for patients. In addition to the androgen signal pathway, studies have shown that many other oncogenic signal pathways have involved in the development of castration resistance, including classic cancer signaling pathways, immune and inflammatory signaling pathways, etc. Understanding the mechanism of androgen independent signal pathway in the formation of castration resistance will help to understand the off-target effect of androgen blocking therapy and introduce new treatment targets or strategies to get rid of the "no drug available" dilemma for clinical treatment of castration resistance.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879305

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to determine the association of hyperlipidemia with clinical endpoints among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, especially those with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes. Methods This multicenter retrospective cohort study included all patients who were hospitalized due to COVID-19 from 21 hospitals in Hubei province, China between December 31, 2019 and April 21, 2020. Patients who were aged < 18 or ≥ 85 years old, in pregnancy, with acute lethal organ injury (e.g., acute myocardial infarction, severe acute pancreatitis, acute stroke), hypothyroidism, malignant diseases, severe malnutrition, and those with normal lipid profile under lipid-lowering medicines (e.g., statin, niacin, fenofibrate, gemfibrozil, and ezetimibe) were excluded. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis at 1:1 ratio was performed to minimize baseline differences between patient groups of hyperlipidemia and non-hyperlipidemia. PSM analyses with the same strategies were further conducted for the parameters of hyperlipidemia in patients with increased triglyceride (TG), increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Mixed-effect Cox model analysis was performed to investigate the associations of the 28-days all-cause deaths of COVID-19 patients with hyperlipidemia and the abnormalities of lipid parameters. The results were verified in male, female patients, and in patients with pre-existing CVDs and type 2 diabetes. Results Of 10 945 inpatients confirmed as COVID-19, there were 9822 inpatients included in the study, comprising 3513 (35.8%) cases without hyperlipidemia and 6309 (64.2%) cases with hyperlipidemia. Based on a mixed-effect Cox model after PSM at 1:1 ratio, hyperlipidemia was not associated with increased or decreased 28-day all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratio (


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Case-Control Studies , Cause of Death , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and pregnancy outcome of fertility-preserving treatment for patients with stage Ⅰa, grade 2 endometrial cancer (EC).Methods:Clinical data was retrospectively collected for EC or atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) patients treated in Peking University People's Hospital, Foshan First People's Hospital of Guangdong Province and First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, from 2010 to 2019. Inclusion criteria for fertility-preserving treatment included: (1) Age ≤45 years. (2) EC with histological differentiation of G 1, G 2 or endometrial AEH. (3) EC disease should be stage Ⅰa, confined to the endometrium without myometrial invasion, lymph node or extrauterine metastasis. Treatment regimen: patients were given oral progestin therapy and endometrial pathology was evaluated every three months. Patients were divided into three groups as G 2 EC group, G 1 EC group and AEH group based on the histological differentiation. Oncological and pregnancy outcomes were compared among them. Results:(1) Totally 57 eligible patients were included in this study, including 11 cases with G 2 EC, 22 cases with G 1 EC, and 24 cases with AEH. (2) Oncological outcome: among the three groups of G 2 EC, G 1 EC and AH, the complete remission rates (9/11, 91% and 96%, respectively) and recurrence rates (3/9, 30% and 22%, respectively) were not significantly different (all P>0.05). Median remission time was significantly longer in the G 2 EC group than those in the other two groups (8, 6 and 4 months; P=0.046). Among 9 G 2 EC patients who recurred after complete remission, three patients relapsed at 7, 18 and 53 months, respectively. All 3 patients chose fertility-sparing treatment again, and all achieved complete remission after retreatment. (3) Pregnancy outcome: among the three groups, the assisted reproduction technology rates (4/8, 5/18 and 36%, respectively) and pregnancy rates (6/8, 5/18 and 36%, respectively) had no significant difference ( P>0.05). However, time interval to pregnancy was shorter in G 2 EC patientsthan the other two groups (4, 9 and 22 months, respectively; P=0.006). Conclusions:Fertility-preserving treatment for patients with stageⅠa, G 2 endometrial cancer, may obtain a relatively high remission rate and an acceptable pregnancy rate. However, further exploration is needed due to the limited number of cases.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821658

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the construction and operation of the schistosomiasis diagnostic network platform in Hunan Province, so as to provide insights into the improvements of the schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory system in the province. Methods According to the criteria and requirements for the construction of the county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory in China, the establishment and operation of the laboratory were assessed using self-assessment and field review in national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of Hunan Province. Results A total of 41 county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratories were built in national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of Hunan Province, and 36 met the requirements for the construction of the national schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory in China, which were approved for inclusion in the province-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory. During the six inter-laboratory comparisons performed by the national schistosomiasis diagnostic reference center of China, full consistency was achieved by 3 county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratories in Hunan Province, and the coincidence rates for re-review of serological and pathogenic detection samples were 98.40% and 100%, respectively. Conclusion The county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory system has been preliminarily built and under effective operation in Hunan Province; however, the building capability remains to be improved.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821645

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes in the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in national surveillance sites of Hunan Province, so as to provide scientific basis for the development of the schistosomiasis elimination programme in the province. Methods According to the requirements of the National Guidelines for Schistosomiasis Surveillance in China (2014 version), a total of 41 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites were assigned in all disease-endemic counties (districts) across Hunan Province. During the period between 2015 and 2019, Schistosoma japonicum infections were monitored in local residents, mobile populations and livestock, and snail status was monitored. The morbidity due to schistosomiasis and snail status was compared between years. Results The sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections was 2.57% and 1.56% in local residents and mobile populations in national surveillance sites of Hunan Province from 2015 to 2019, respectively, and the sero-prevalence appeared a tendency towards a decline over years. A higher sero-prevalence rate of S. japonicum infections was seen in men than in women (P < 0.01). During the 5-year study period, the sero-prevalence rate of human S. japonicum infections appeared a tendency towards a decline in the marshland, embankment, inner embankment and hilly types of endemic areas over years. There were 44 and 19 egg -positives detected in local residents and 5 and 1 egg-positives in mobile populations in 2015 and 2016 respectively. A total of 9 346 domestic animals were monitored from 2015 to 2019, and 6 egg-positives were detected in 2015 and 2016 (all were bovine). A total of 0.155 billion m2 settings were surveyed from 2015 to 2019, and the mean density of living snails appeared a tendency towards a decline over years, with a 45.79% reduction in 2019 as compared to 2015. However, no S. japonicum infections were identified in snails during the 5-year period. A total of 1 469 mixed snail samples were detected using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), and 6 positive snail samples were identified in 2015 (one sample) and 2017 (5 samples). Conclusions The overall endemic situation of schistosomiasis appears a tendency towards a decline in Hunan Province, and the prevalence of S. japonicum infections is at a low level in humans and livestock; however, there is still a risk of schistosomiasis transmission. Improvements of health education, intensification of schistosomiasis examinations in mobile populations and reinforcement of the surveillance-response system is required to consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis control in Hunan Province.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 422-426, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755467

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the postoperative effects of Onlay transverse island preputial flap and Onlay transverse free island preputial graft for midshaft hypospadias repair.Methods Retrospective analysis of clinical data of 59 patients with midshaft hypospadias who underwent hypospadias repair from January 2013 to December 2018.Among them,49 children were repaired with Onlay transverse island preputial flap,aged from 14 months to 81 months,with the median age of 28 months.Ten children were repaired with Onlay transverse free island preputial graft.The age at surgery was from 15 months to 51 months,with the median age of 30 months.There was no significant difference in term of the age at surgery between the two groups (Z =-0.384,P =0.701).There were 9 cases of Donnahoo Ⅱ and 40 cases of Donnahoo Ⅲ in the traditional Onaly group,and 3 cases of Donnahoo Ⅱ and 7 cases of Donnahoo Ⅲ in the free graft Onlay group,respectively.There was no significant difference in the type of chordee between the two groups(x2 =0.161,P =0.688).The classification of hypospadias,the length of the urethroplasty and surgical complications were compared.The maximum urinary flow rate of some patients was summarized and analyzed after operation.Results Follow-up ranged from 3 to 72 months,with a median period of 38 months.In the children who underwent Onlay transverse island preputial flap,there were 2 cases of distal shaft,5 cases of middle shaft,and 42 cases of proximal shaft.The neourethra was 1.3-3.5 cm,with a median of 2.3 cm.There were 11 cases of fistula,1 case of glan dehiscence,and 1 case of diverticulum.Ten children were treated with Onlay transverse free island preputial graft.There were 1 case of distal shaft,2 cases of middle shaft and 7 cases of proximal shaft.The neourethra was 1.2-2.5 cm,with a median of 2.0 cm.Two cases of fistula occurred after operation.There was no significant difference in hypospadias classification between the two groups(x2 =1.313,P =0.519).There was no significant difference in the length of the urethra between the two groups (Z =-1.732,P =0.083).There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative complications between the two surgical methods (x2 =0.001,P =0.973).The patients' parents were satisfied with the appearance of genital organ after operation.Fourteen patients finished the uroflowmetry 3 months after surgery.Twelve patients in the traditional Onlay group had a urine volume of 60.2-147.8 ml,with an average of 98.8 ml.The maximum urinary flow rate was 3.5-13.6 ml/s,with an average of 8.1 ml/s.In the free graft Onlay group,the urine volume was 101.3-165.4 ml,with an average of 133.5 ml,and the maximum urinary flow rate was 9.6-15.7 ml/s,with an average of 12.7 ml/s.Conclusions Onlay transverse free island preputial graft has the same complication incidence with Onlay transverse island preputial flap,but could get a good maximum urinary flow rate and cosmetic result,which could achieve a good choice for midshaft hypospadias repair.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687441

ABSTRACT

Dao-di herbs have been recognized as "quality models" with a firmly stable status. The formation of Dao-di herbs quality is involved from the genetic inheritance on the molecular level to the metabolic phenotype of final products, and the full material-based biosynthetic pathway remains unknown. In recent years, an increasing variety of omics technologies has provided new methods and ideas for the analysis of complex life systems and are suitable for explanation of quality formation in Dao-di herbs as well. In order to alleviate the scarcity of natural resources and offer scientific guidance of transplanting varieties, achievements of omics in the aspects of Dao-di herbs from genetics to phenotyping, the biosynthetic pathway of secondary metabolites, the interaction with human body and the new methods of quality evaluation have been summarized. It will be a fundamental work for protection and utilization of Chinese medicine resources.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775374

ABSTRACT

An analytical method based on UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS was established for simultaneous determination of thirty-three components including steroidal saponins, homoisoflavonoids, amino acids and nucleosides in Ophiopogonis Radix. Thirty-three target components of commercial medicinal materials of Maidong were comparative analysis. Synergi™ Hydro-RP 100 column (2.0 mm × 100 mm, 2.5 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid solution-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile for gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.4 mL·min⁻¹. In addition, multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode was employed. The data were comprehensively processed and analyzed with hierarchical clustering analysis(HCA), principal component analysis(PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) methods. All components showed good linearity(>0.999 0) within the tested ranges. The average recoveries were between 96.23%-102.0%, and the relative standard deviation(RSD) were less than 5%. The results showed that there were significant differences in components between Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix, with seven components obviously different. This method was useful for providing basis for the comprehensive evaluation and intrinsic quality control of Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix , and may provide a new method reference for the identification of Ophiopogonis Radix and Liriopes Radix.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liriope Plant , Chemistry , Ophiopogon , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Saponins , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775347

ABSTRACT

A method, for determination of saponins, amino acids and nucleosides in Panacis Japonici Rhizoma of ultra fast liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometry (UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS), was established to investigate the effect of different processing methods on the target components of Panacis Japonici Rhizoma. The chromatographic separation was performed on a XBridgeC₁₈(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 μm) at 30 °C with a gradient elution of 0.1% formic acid solution-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile, and the flow rate was 0.8 mL·min⁻¹, using multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The grey relational analysis was adopted for the analysis of different processing samples. The results showed that the thirty-three constituents were in a good linear range and the correlation coefficient was greater than 0.999 0; the precision, repeatability and stability were good; the average recovery rates were between 95.33% and 101.8%, and the relative standard deviations were less than 5%. The result of grey relational analysis showed that the complete rhizomes without peeling, which were adopted for the microwave dried method, had the best quality. The established method was accurate and reliable, which could be used to appraise the quality of Panacis Japonici Rhizoma. Our study may lay the way for the processing method of Panacis Japonici Rhizoma in optimization,normalization and standardization.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Nucleosides , Panax , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Rhizome , Chemistry , Saponins , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 430-437, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710963

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop new scales on the severity of myasthenia gravis ( MG) which are suitable for clinical practice in China .Methods A final version of new comprehensive scale was developed by item optimization from a preliminary scale established by combination of Delphi method and previous evaluation of items from source scales .With the original quantitative data from 60 MG patients, items were selected on the basis of interobserver and test-retest reliability of items , the contributions of items on internal consistency and construct validity of the preliminary scale .Evaluation of this final scale includes internal consistency, interobserver and test-retest reliability, construct validity and correlation with currently used scales.A self-rating version was simplified from the final scale by including items that can be measured by patients, which was then evaluated in 57 generalized MG patients.Results One item ( palpebral fissure ) was deleted from the preliminary scale due to poor interobserver and test-retest reliability.The remaining nine items constituted the final comprehensive scale which covered six commonly involved muscle groups in MG.All items in the comprehensive scale had fair to excellent interobserver reliability ( K=0.43-0.80, P<0.01) and fair to excellent test-retest reliability ( K =0.41 -1.00, P<0.01) .The comprehensive scale had acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach ɑ=0.63), excellent interobserver reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) =0.88, P<0.01) and test-retest reliability (ICC=0.86, P<0.01).The comprehensive scale had four common factors and good construct validity ( cumulative dedication rate 68.46%).There was high correlation between the comprehensive scale and Myasthenia Gravis Composite ( MGC ) , Absolute and Relative Score of MG ( ARS-MG ) and Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis score (QMGs) ( r=0.87 -0.90, P<0.01), and moderate correlation between the comprehensive scale and Myasthenia Gravis Activities of Daily Living (MG-ADL) (r=0.68, P<0.01).A self-rating scale was developed by deleting ocular and facial items and keeping the remaining six items , which covers the bulbar , limb, neck and respiratory muscles.Internal consistency (Cronbach ɑ=0.69), interobserver reliability and test-retest reliability (ICC=0.90 for both, P<0.01) of the self-rating scale were better than those of the comprehensive scale.The self-rating scale had two common factors and good construct validity ( cumulative dedication rate 64.24%) .There was high correlation between the self-rating scale and the comprehensive scale, MGC and ARS-MG (r=0.74-0.86, P<0.01), and moderate correlation between the self-rating scale and QMGs and MG-ADL ( r=0.55 -0.68, P<0.01 ) .Conclusions Item optimization was performed from a preliminary scale established by Delphi method .A new comprehensive scale and a self-rating scale were developed .The comprehensive scale and self-rating scale had good reliability and validity , which can be used to assess the severity of MG reliably and effectively .

15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 730-736, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661816

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop the preliminary version of a new scale on the severity of myasthenia gravis ( MG) suitable for Chinese patients .Methods The item pool was established based on the four widely used MG severity scales .Then the Delphi method was applied to collect the opinions from MG experts in China.Based on the consistency of expert opinions and previous evaluation of the items in source scales , the preliminary version of a new scale was developed .Results The item pool consists of 19 items from the above four scales .The enthusiasm coefficients of experts in two rounds of survey are 91.4%(32/35) and 96.9%(31/32).The authority coefficients are 0.79 and 0.80.The Kendall′s coefficients of concordance of expert opinions are 0.22 (χ2 =127.01, P<0.01) and 0.42 (χ2 =231.56, P<0.01), respectively.The preliminary version consists of 10 items, which cover six commonly involved muscle groups in MG, including the ocular, bulbar, facial, limb, axial and the respiratory muscles.Conclusion The preliminary version of the MG severity scale was established by combining Delphi method with the previous evaluation of items from source scales .

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 730-736, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658897

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop the preliminary version of a new scale on the severity of myasthenia gravis ( MG) suitable for Chinese patients .Methods The item pool was established based on the four widely used MG severity scales .Then the Delphi method was applied to collect the opinions from MG experts in China.Based on the consistency of expert opinions and previous evaluation of the items in source scales , the preliminary version of a new scale was developed .Results The item pool consists of 19 items from the above four scales .The enthusiasm coefficients of experts in two rounds of survey are 91.4%(32/35) and 96.9%(31/32).The authority coefficients are 0.79 and 0.80.The Kendall′s coefficients of concordance of expert opinions are 0.22 (χ2 =127.01, P<0.01) and 0.42 (χ2 =231.56, P<0.01), respectively.The preliminary version consists of 10 items, which cover six commonly involved muscle groups in MG, including the ocular, bulbar, facial, limb, axial and the respiratory muscles.Conclusion The preliminary version of the MG severity scale was established by combining Delphi method with the previous evaluation of items from source scales .

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3479-3483, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611073

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the potential targets of Guizhi decoction regulating Ying and Wei based oncorrespondence between formulation and syndromerelationship and reverse molecular docking technology. METHODS:Active ingredients related to Guizhi decoction were obtained by literature retrievals,and PharmMapper Server was used for reverse molecular docking for ac-tive ingredients. The potential receptors of Guizhi decoction were found on the basis of docking scores,then AutoDock Vina was conducted for positive molecular docking test to observe the affinity between the ligand and the receptor molecule. 75 rats were ran-domly divided into normal group,model group,Guizhi decoction high-dose,medium-dose,low-dose groups(12,8,4 g/kg),15 in each group. Except for normal group,rats in other groups were induced for models with disharmony between Ying and Wei. Af-ter modeling,rats were intragastrically administrated once a day,for 5 d. After administration,11β-HSD1 expression levels in adi-pose tissue and muscle tissue of rats were detected. RESULTS:Reverse molecular docking for active ingredients of Guizhi decoc-tion found that 11β-HSD1 was the frequent receptor,and positive docking test confirmed that uralsaponin b,glycyrrhetnic acid and carbenoxolone and so on had higher affinity with 11β-HSD1. Results of animal test showed,compared with normal group,11β-HSD1 expression levels in adipose tissue and muscle tissue in model group were increased (P<0.05);and compared with model group,11β-HSD1 expression levels in adipose tissue and muscle tissue in Guizhi decoction high-dose group were decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Guizhi decoction regulating Ying and Wei has certain correlation with 11β-HSD1,while the reverse molec-ular docking technology can provide a feasible technical way to studycorrespondence between formulation and syndromerelation-ship.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506288

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of electro-acupuncture (EA) at “Weizhong” (BL40) on expressions of Fas and FasL in rat models with lumbar disc degeneration; To discuss its mechanism of action.MethodsThirty SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operationgroup, model group and EA group, with 10 rats in each group. The sham-operation group was treated with sham operation to incide local skin; the model and EA groups established rat model of lumbar disc degeneration by puncturing the annulus fibrosus. Four weeks after modeling, rats in the sham-operation and model groups received fixed treatment under identical condition, and rats in the EA group were treated with EA at “Weizhong” (BL40) in 20 minutes, once a day, for 4 weeks. After treatment, Western blot and RT-PCR technology were used to test the protein and mRNA expression levels of Fas and FasL.ResultsThe expressions of Fas and FasL in the model group were higher than those in the sham-operation group (P<0.05); protein and mRNA expression levels of Fas and FasL in the EA group were lower than those in the model group (P<0.05). ConclusionEA at “Weizhong” (BL40) can reduce the expressions of Fas and FasL to inhibit the development of lumbar disc degeneration.

19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 89-95, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348295

ABSTRACT

Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a kind of recurrent transient and severe pain that is limited to the trigeminal nerve in one or more branches. The clinical incidence of TN is high, which seriously affects the quality of life of the patients and is difficult to cure. The present study investigated the effects of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on TN induced by chronic constriction injury of the infraorbital nerve (ION-CCI) in rats. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four groups: sham, sham treated with TMP (Sham+TMP), TN model (TN), and TN treated with TMP (TN+TMP). The rat TN model was established by ION-CCI and TMP (50 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally once a day for 2 weeks after operation. The mechanical response threshold was tested by the electronic von Frey filaments. The expression of CGRP in the trigeminal ganglia (TGs) of rats on the operative side was detected by RT-PCR, immunohistochemical staining and Western blot. In 15 days after operation, TN group showed a robust decrease in mechanical response threshold as compared with sham group. From day 9 to day 15 after operation, TMP treatment significantly suppressed the TN-induced mechanical hyperalgesia (P < 0.05). On day 15 after operation, RT-PCR, immunohistochemical staining and Western blot analysis showed an obvious increase in expression level of CGRP in TGs of TN group compared with sham group, which was downregulated by TMP treatment (P < 0.05). These results suggested that TMP might have a therapeutic potential for the treatment of TN through regulating CGRP expression in the TGs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Constriction , Hyperalgesia , Drug Therapy , Male , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Trigeminal Ganglion , Trigeminal Neuralgia , Drug Therapy
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 137-141, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812797

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs4880 of the superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) gene with the risk of male infertility.@*METHODS@#This casecontrol study included 519 male patients with idiopathic infertility (aged 19-40 [28.93±4.93] years) in the case group and 338 fertile men (aged 19-40 [28.40±4.25] years) in the control group. We collected the clinical data, genotyped the SNP rs4880 of the SOD2 gene by Sequenom Mass Array, and analyzed the association of different genotypes with male infertility using the logistic regression model.@*RESULTS@#Statically significant differences were observed between the case and control groups in the level of folliclestimulating hormone (FSH) ([4.72±2.51] vs [15.65±17.24] U/L, P< 0.01), the percentage of progressively mobile sperm ([9.12±13.5] vs [41.95±9.03]%, P< 0.01), and sperm concentration ([12.95±24.38] vs [72.88±45.60] ×106/ml, P< 0.01), but not in other parameters. No correlation was found between male infertility and the heterozygous genotype TC (OR = 0.90, 95% CI: 0.65-1.25, P = 0.516) or the homozygous genotype CC (OR=1.49, 95% CI: 0.38-5.81, P = 0.566) as compared with the wild genotype TT, and similar results were obtained in the analysis of the subgroups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The SNP rs4880 of the SOD2 gene was not correlated with male infertility, which, however, is to be supported by further studies with larger samples from more areas.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Blood , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Heterozygote , Humans , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Logistic Models , Male , Nucleotides , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Sperm Motility , Superoxide Dismutase , Genetics , Young Adult
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