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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5898-5907, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008788

ABSTRACT

This study aims to reveal the endogenous metabolic characteristics of acteoside in the young rat model of purinomycin aminonucleoside nephropathy(PAN) by non-targeted urine metabolomics and decipher the potential mechanism of action. Biochemical indicators in the urine of rats from each group were determined by an automatic biochemical analyzer. The potential biomarkers and related core metabolic pathways were identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS) combined with principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA). MetaboAnalyst 5.0 was used to establish the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve for evaluating the clinical diagnostic performance of core metabolites. The results showed that acteoside significantly decreased urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio in PAN young rats. A total of 17 differential metabolites were screened out by non-targeted urine metabolomics in PAN young rats and they were involved in phenylalanine metabolism and phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis. Thirtten differential metabolites were screened by acteoside intervention in PAN young rats, and they were involved in phenylalanine metabolism and arginine and proline metabolism. Among them, leucylproline and acetophenone were the differential metabolites that were significantly recovered after acteoside treatment. These pathways suggest that acteoside treats PAN in young rats by regulating amino acid metabolism. The area under the curve of two core biomarkers, leucylproline and acetophenone, were both greater than 0.9. In summary, acteoside may restore amino acid metabolism by regulating endogenous differential metabolites in PAN young rats, which will help to clarify the mechanism of acteoside in treating chronic glomerulonephritis in children. The characteristic biomarkers screened out have a high diagnostic value for evaluating the treatment of chronic glomerulonephritis in children with acteoside.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Rats , Animals , Puromycin Aminonucleoside , Metabolomics/methods , Biomarkers/urine , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Acetophenones , Glomerulonephritis , Phenylalanine , Amino Acids
2.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 309-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995291

ABSTRACT

Candida albicans as a pathogen of great clinical significance can widely colonize in many ecological niches of human body, especially in the immunocompromised population. Currently, antifungal drugs that can be used in clinical treatment are very limited. However, the genome of Candida albicans has a high rate of mutation, which can help it quickly develop resistance to antifungal drugs. Therefore, drug resistance in Candida albicans remains a great threat to clinical practice. This article focused on the frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) events in Candida albicans, summarized the association between LOH and other genomic variants and discussed the relationship of the frequency of de novo mutations, heterozygous status of key drug resistance genes and reproductive pattern with antifungal drug resistance.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1124-1128, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013234

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of epileptic seizure associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Methods: From January 2017 to July 2023 at Children's Hospital Capital Institute of Pediatrics, medical records of patients with both NF1 and epileptic seizure were reviewed in this case series study. The clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis were analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 15 patients(12 boys and 3 girls) were collected. Café-au-lait macules were observed in all 15 patients. There were 6 patients with neurodevelopmental disorders and the main manifestations were intellectual disability or developmental delay. The age at the first epileptic seizure was 2.5 (1.2, 5.5) years. There were various seizure types, including generalized tonic-clonic seizures in 8 patients, focal motor seizures in 6 patients, epileptic spasm in 4 patients, tonic seizures in 1 patient, absence in 1 patient, generalized myoclonic seizure in 1 patient and focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizure in 1 patient. Among 14 patients whose brain magnetic resonance imaging results were available, there were abnormal signals in corpus callosum, basal ganglia, thalamus or cerebellum in 6 patients, dilated ventricles of different degrees in 3 patients, blurred gray and white matter boundary in 2 patients, agenesis of corpus callosum in 1 patient and no obvious abnormalities in the other patients. Among 13 epilepsy patients, 8 were seizure-free with 1 or 2 antiseizure medications(ASM), 1 with drug resistant epilepsy was seizure-free after left temporal lobectomy, and the other 4 patients who have received 2 to 9 ASM had persistent seizures. One patient with complex febrile convulsion achieved seizure freedom after oral administration of diazepam on demand. One patient had only 1 unprovoked epileptic seizure and did not have another seizure without taking any ASM. Conclusions: The first epileptic seizure in NF1 patients usually occurs in infancy and early childhood, with the main seizure type of generalized tonic-clonic seizure and focal motor seizure. Some patients have intellectual disability or developmental delay. Most epilepsy patients achieve seizure freedom with ASM.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Neurofibromatosis 1/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Intellectual Disability , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/etiology , Seizures/etiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 726-730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013162

ABSTRACT

Objective: To discuss the clinical and genetic features of intellectual developmental disorder with behavioral abnormalities and craniofacial dysmorphism with or without seizures (IDDBCS). Methods: The clinical and genetic records of a patient who was diagnosed with IDDBCS caused by PHF21A gene variation at Children's Hospital Capital Institute of Pediatrics in 2021 were collected retrospectively. Using " PHF21A gene" as the keyword, relevant articles were searched at CNKI, Wanfang Data and PubMed from establishment of databases to February 2023. Clinical and genetic features of IDDBCS were summarized in the combination of this case. Results: An 8 months of age boy showed overgrowth (height, weight and head circumference were all higher than the 97th percentile of children of the same age and sex) and language and motor developmental delay after birth, and gradually showed autism-like symptoms like stereotyped behavior and poor eye contact. At 8 months of age, he began to show epileptic seizures, which were in the form of a series of spastic seizures with no reaction to adrenocorticotropic hormone but a good response to vigabatrin. Physical examination showed special craniofacial appearances including a prominent high forehead, sparse eyebrows, broad nasal bridge, and downturned mouth with a tent-shaped upper lip. The patient also manifested hypotonia. Whole exome sequencing showed a de novo heterogeneous variant, PHF21A (NM_001101802.1): c.54+1G>A, and IDDBCS was diagnosed. A total of 6 articles (all English articles) were collected, involving this case and other 14 patients of IDDBCS caused by PHF21A gene variation. Clinical manifestations were intellectual disability or developmental delay (15 patients), craniofacial anomalies (15 patients), behavioral abnormalities (12 patients), seizures (9 patients), and overgrowth (8 patients). The main pathogenic variations were frameshift variations (8 patients). Conclusions: IDDBCS should be considered when patients show nervous developmental abnormalities, craniofacial anomalies, seizures and overgrowth. PHF21A gene variation detection helps to make a definite diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Developmental Disabilities/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Seizures/genetics , Craniofacial Abnormalities/genetics , Histone Deacetylases/genetics
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1899-1907, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981409

ABSTRACT

To study the quality control of three traditional Chinese medicines derived from Gleditsia sinensis [Gleditsiae Sinensis Fructus(GSF), Gleditsiae Fructus Abnormalis(GFA), and Gleditsiae Spina(GS)], this paper established a multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) approach based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole-linear ion-trap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-Trap-MS). Using an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm), gradient elution was performed at 40 ℃ with water containing 0.1% formic acid-acetonitrile as the mobile phase running at 0.3 mL·min~(-1), and the separation and content determination of ten chemical constituents(e.g., saikachinoside A, locustoside A, orientin, taxifolin, vitexin, isoquercitrin, luteolin, quercitrin, quercetin, and apigenin) in GSF, GFA, and GS were enabled within 31 min. The established method could quickly and efficiently determine the content of ten chemical constituents in GSF, GFA, and GS. All constituents showed good linearity(r>0.995), and the average recovery rate was 94.09%-110.9%. The results showed that, the content of two alkaloids in GSF(2.03-834.75 μg·g~(-1)) was higher than that in GFA(0.03-10.41 μg·g~(-1)) and GS(0.04-13.66 μg·g~(-1)), while the content of eight flavonoids in GS(0.54-2.38 mg·g~(-1)) was higher than that in GSF(0.08-0.29 mg·g~(-1)) and GFA(0.15-0.32 mg·g~(-1)). These results provide references for the quality control of G. sinensis-derived TCMs.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids/analysis , Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Mass Spectrometry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1490-1493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980539

ABSTRACT

Acute transient or permanent retinal arterial ischemia is ocular and systemic emergency requiring immediate diagnosis and treatment. Transient monocular vision loss is transient retinal arterial ischemia which leaves no permanent deficits. Central retinal arterial occlusion and branch retinal arterial occlusion lead to permanent visual function deficits in the majority of patients. Current treatment include lowering intraocular pressure, dilating blood vessels, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, intravenous or intra-arterial thrombolysis and so on, but there is still no standard treatment procedure. High risk groups should receive primary prevention measures in order to reduce the incidence of the disease. Patients with acute retinal arterial ischemia are at high risk of subsequent stroke and adverse cardiovascular events. Relevant risk factors should be identified in time, the primary disease should be treated actively, and appropriate secondary prevention measures should be taken to improve the prognosis. This review summarizes the recent treatment and prevention procedures of acute retinal arterial ischemia, to provide references for the management of these diseases.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1124-1131, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970584

ABSTRACT

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center phase Ⅱ clinical trial design was used in this study to recruit subjects who were in line with the syndrome of excess heat and fire toxin, and were diagnosed as recurrent oral ulcers, gingivitis, and acute pharyngitis. A total of 240 cases were included and randomly divided into a placebo group and a Huanglian Jiedu Pills group. The clinical efficacy of Huanglian Jiedu Pills in treating the syndrome of excess heat and fire toxin was evaluated by using the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome scale. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to determine and evaluate the levels of adenosine triphosphate(ATP), 4-hydroxynonenal(4-HNE), and adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH) in plasma of the two groups before and after administration and to predict their application value as clinical biomarkers. The results showed that the disappearance rate of main symptoms in the Huanglian Jiedu Pills group was 69.17%, and that in the placebo group was 50.83%. The comparison between the Huanglian Jiedu Pills group and the placebo group showed that 4-HNE before and after administration was statistically significant(P<0.05). The content of 4-HNE in the Huanglian Jiedu Pills group decreased significantly after administration(P<0.05), but that in the placebo group had no statistical significance and showed an upward trend. After administration, the content of ATP in both Huanglian Jiedu Pills group and placebo group decreased significantly(P<0.05), indicating that the energy metabolism disorder was significantly improved after administration of Huanglian Jiedu Pills and the body's self-healing ability also alleviated the increase in ATP level caused by the syndrome of excess heat and fire toxin to a certain extent. ACTH in both Huanglian Jiedu Pills group and placebo group decreased significantly after administration(P<0.05). It is concluded that Huanglian Jiedu Pills has a significant clinical effect, and can significantly improve the abnormal levels of ATP and 4-HNE in plasma caused by the syndrome of excess heat and fire toxin, which are speculated to be the effective clinical biomarkers for Huanglian Jiedu Pills to treat the syndrome of excess heat and fire toxin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Hot Temperature , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Adenosine Triphosphate
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6066-6074, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008805

ABSTRACT

This study comprehensively analyzed the active components of Sanhan Huashi Formula using qualitative and quantitative mass spectrometry techniques, laying the foundation for understanding its pharmacological substance basis. UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS and GC-MS technologies were used to analyze and identify the volatile and non-volatile components in Sanhan Huashi Formula. UHPLC-QQQ-MS/MS technology was used to simultaneously determine the content of 27 major active components in the formula. The results showed that 308 major chemical components were identified in Sanhan Huashi Formula, among which 60 compounds were identified by comparing with reference standards, mainly including alkaloids, flavonoids, coumarins, triterpenoid saponins, amino acids, and nucleosides. GC-MS technology preliminarily identified 52 volatile compounds, with γ-eudesmol and β-eudesmol as the main components. The quantitative results demonstrated good linearity(r>0.99) for the 27 active components, indicating the stability, simplicity, and reliability of the established method. Among them, amygdalin, nodakenin, arecoline, ephedrine, and pseudoephedrine had relatively high content and were presumably the main pharmacologically active substances. In conclusion, this study systematically and comprehensively characterized the major chemical components and patterns in Sanhan Huashi Formula, providing a basis for understanding its pharmacological mechanisms and clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Reproducibility of Results , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry
9.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 321-327, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of children with 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection in Putian City, and to provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of children with 2019-nCoV infection.Methods:Clinical characteristics, laboratory examination, pulmonary compated tomography findings, treatment, and clinical outcomes of 78 children with 2019-nCoV infection who were admitted to Putian University Affiliated Hospital Medical Group Putian City Children′s Hospital from September 10 to October 20, 2021 were retrospectively collected and analyzed.Results:Of the 78 children included in the analysis, two cases (2.6%) were asymptomatic infection, 36 cases (46.2%) were mild and 40 cases (51.3%) were ordinary. Five children were vaccinated against 2019-nCoV. The main symptoms were fever (24 cases), cough (13 cases), and fatigue (nine cases). A total of 34 cases (43.6%) had neutropenia, 29 cases (37.2%) had lymphopenia, 36 cases (46.2%) had D-dimer increase, 38 cases (48.7%) had hypokalemia, 27 cases (34.6%) had hypoglycemia and 11 cases (14.1%) had elevated creatine kinase isoenzyme. The neutropenia mostly occurred two to four days after admission. Fifty-six cases (71.8%) showed pulmonary computed tomography abnormalities. The cycle threshold of virus open reading frame ( ORF)1 ab was 20.90±7.15 and the cycle threshold of N gene was 20.29±7.78 in the first nucleic acid detection of 78 children after admission. The time of nucleic acid negative conversion of the 78 children was (20.73±6.94) days. IgM antibody titer in five vaccinated children was 0.36 (0.34, 4.89) and IgG antibody was 10.42 (0.50, 19.42). IgM antibody titer was 1.82 (1.66, 8.12) and IgG antibody was 76.63 (16.92, 79.84) in cases with disease duration ≥10 days. Nine children (11.5%) had resurgence of virus and were sent to the isolation site. All the other children were cured and discharged from hospital. Conclusions:Children with 2019-nCoV infection have mild clinical symptoms, and some children have lymphopenia, neutropenia, and D-dimer elevation during the course of the disease. The overall prognosis is good. The children vaccinated against 2019-nCoV have higher antibody levels.

10.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 150-155, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929187

ABSTRACT

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a rare autosomal recessive disease with only one pathogenic gene cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). To identify the potential pathogenic mutations in a Chinese patient with CF, we conducted Sanger sequencing on the genomic DNA of the patient and his parents and detected all 27 coding exons of CFTR and their flanking intronic regions. The patient is a compound heterozygote of c.2909G > A, p.Gly970Asp in exon 18 and c.1210-3C > G in cis with a poly-T of 5T (T5) sequence, 3 bp upstream in intron 9. The splicing effect of c.1210-3C > G was verified via minigene assay in vitro, indicating that wild-type plasmid containing c.1210-3C together with T7 sequence produced a normal transcript and partial exon 10-skipping-transcript, whereas mutant plasmid containing c.1210-3G in cis with T5 sequence caused almost all mRNA to skip exon 10. Overall, c.1210-3C > G, the newly identified pathogenic mutation in our patient, in combination with T5 sequence in cis, affects the CFTR gene splicing and produces nearly no normal transcript in vitro. Moreover, this patient carries a p.Gly970Asp mutation, thus confirming the high-frequency of this mutation in Chinese patients with CF.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Cystic Fibrosis/genetics , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/genetics , Mutation , Poly T , RNA, Messenger/genetics
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(5): 911-921, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350015

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A doença Coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19), causada pela síndrome respiratória aguda grave Coronavírus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), espalhou-se pelo mundo. Objetivo Investigar a associação entre a hipertensão e a gravidade/mortalidade de pacientes hospitalizados com COVID-19 em Wuhan, China. Métodos Um total de 337 pacientes diagnosticados com COVID-19 no Sétimo Hospital da cidade de Wuhan, de 20 de janeiro a 25 de fevereiro de 2020, foram inseridos e analisados em um estudo de caso unicêntrico e retrospectivo. O nível de significância adotado para a análise estatística foi 0,05. Resultados Dos 337 pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19, 297 (87.8%) tiveram alta do hospital e 40 pacientes (22,9%) morreram. A idade média foi de 58 anos (variando de 18 a 91 anos). Havia 112 (33,2%) pacientes diagnosticados com hipertensão no momento da internação (idade média, 65,0 anos [variação, 38-91 anos]; sendo 67 homens [59,8%, IC95%: 50,6%-69,0%], p=0,0209). Pacientes com hipertensão apresentaram uma porção significativamente maior de casos graves (69 [61,6%, IC95%: 52,5%-70,8%] vs. 117 [52,0%, IC95%: 45,4%-58,6%] em pacientes graves e 23 [19,3%, IC95%: 12,9%-28,1%] vs. 27 [12,0%, IC95%: 7,7%-16,3%] em pacientes críticos, p=0,0014) e maiores taxas de mortalidade (20 [17,9%, IC95%: 10,7%-25,1%] vs. 20 [8,9%, IC95%: 5,1%-12,6%, p=0,0202). Além disso, pacientes hipertensos apresentaram níveis anormais de vários indicadores, como linfopenia e inflamação, e nas funções cardíacas, hepáticas, renais e pulmonares no momento da internação. O grupo de pacientes com hipertensão também demonstrou níveis maiores de TNT e creatinina próximo da alta. Conclusão A hipertensão está altamente associada à gravidade ou mortalidade da COVID-19. Um tratamento agressivo deve ser considerado para pacientes hipertensos com COVID-19, principalmente com relação a lesões cardíacas e dos rins.


Abstract Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has spread worldwide. Objective To investigate the association between hypertension and severity/mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. Methods A total of 337 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 at the Seventh Hospital of Wuhan City, from January 20 to February 25, 2020, were enrolled and analyzed in a retrospective, single-center case study. The significance level adopted in the statistical analysis was 0.05. Results Of the 337 patients with confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19, 297 (87.8%) were discharged from the hospital and 40 patients (22.9%) died. The median age was 58 years (range, 18-91 years). There were 112 (33.2%) patients diagnosed with hypertension at admission (median age, 65.0 years [range, 38-91 years]; 67 [59.8%, 95%CI: 50.6%-69.0%] men, p=0.0209). Patients with hypertension presented a significantly higher portion of severe cases (69 [61.6%, 95%CI:52.5%-70.8%] vs. 117 [52.0%, 95%CI: 45.4%-58.6%] in severe patients and 23 [19.3%, 95%CI:12.9%-28.1%] vs. 27 [12.0%, 95%CI: 7.7%-16.3%] in critical patients, p=0.0014) and higher mortality rates (20 [17.9%, 95%CI: 10.7%-25.1%] vs. 20 [8.9%, 95%CI: 5.1%-12.6%, p=0.0202). Moreover, hypertensive patients presented abnormal levels of multiple indicators, such as lymphopenia, inflammation, heart, liver, kidney, and lung function at admission. The hypertension group still displayed higher levels of TnT and creatinine at approaching discharge. Conclusion Hypertension is strongly associated with severity or mortality of COVID-19. Aggressive treatment may be considered for COVID-19 patients with hypertension, especially regarding cardiac and kidney injury.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hypertension/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Middle Aged
12.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 232-234, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882057

ABSTRACT

@#Paraquat (PQ) can cause acute lung injury and irreversible pulmonary fibrosis, without specific antidotes. Respiratory failure is the main cause of death among patients with PQ poisoning. Currently, the treatment involves the use of adsorbents, intensive hemoperfusion, antioxidants, immunosuppressive therapy, respiratory support by mechanical ventilation, and other symptomatic and supportive treatments.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5038-5043, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921642

ABSTRACT

This study intends to develop a high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection(HPLC-DAD) method for simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, 2-hydroxymethyl-3-hydroxyl-1-butene-4-O-β-D-(6″-O-caffeoyl)-glucopyranoside, pubescenoside B, huazhongilexone-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, rutin, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C in Ilex hainanensis. The HPLC conditions are as follows: Waters XBridge C_(18 )column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), mobile phase of 0.5% formic acid in water(A)-acetonitrile(B), gradient elution(0-8 min, 5%-12% B; 8-18 min, 12%-18% B; 18-30 min, 18%-25% B; 30-40 min, 25%-30% B; 40-42 min, 30%-80% B; 42-45 min, 80% B) at the flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1), detection wavelengths of 282, 324, and 360 nm, column temperature of 25 ℃, and injection volume of 5 μL. The content of the 8 phenols in 8 samples was 0.30-6.29, 0.29-3.27, 0.15-10.4, 0.51-5.85, 0.49-9.02, 0.51-4.68, 1.93-13.4, and 0.87-5.95 mg·g~(-1), respectively. Moreover, the content of phenols in the samples collected in October was higher than that of samples harvested in other months. The established method is accurate and sensitive for the determination of phenols in I. hainanensis, which is useful for the quality improvement of this herbal medicine.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ilex , Phenols
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 206-213, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878931

ABSTRACT

This paper was to investigate the effect of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction(HLJD) on ulcerative colitis(UC) in mice, and determine the effective components in plasma, and virtually screen its therapeutic target, and predict its mechanism. Sixty Balb/c mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, mesalazine treatment group(0.3 g·kg~(-1)), and HLJD treatment groups(24.66, 12.33, 6.17 g·kg~(-1)). Excepted for the blank group, all the mice in HLJD and mesalazine treatment groups were gavage administration. All mice freely drank 2.5% DSS solution for seven days to induce UC. The disease activity index(DAI) was detected each day. At the end of the experiment, HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes in colon. The content of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in colon were determined by ELISA. The effective components in plasma were determined by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. The reverse docking in PharmMapper was used to screen the component targets. The disease targets of UC were collected by searching TTD, OMIM and GeneCards databases. The intersection of the component targets and disease targets was selected as the therapeutic targets. Then the therapeutic targets were imported into the STRING for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis. Discovery Studio was used to simulate the docking between the components and the targets. RESULTS:: showed that the DAI in the model group increased significantly(P<0.05), and the number of inflammatory cells and infiltration degree increased significantly compared with the blank group. The DAI in HLJD treatment group was significantly reduced(P<0.05), and the number and infiltration degree of inflammatory cells were reduced compared with the model group. The ELISA results showed that the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were increased significantly in the model group(P<0.01) compared with the blank group, and significantly down regulated in the HLJD treatment group(P<0.05) compared with the model group. After UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analyse, ten components were identified. The network pharmacology analysis showed that the action targets were significantly enriched in 129 of biological processes, such as response to organic substance, chemical and oxygen-containing compound, etc., as well as 16 of signal pathways, such as IL-17, TNF and hepatitis B signal pathways, were enriched too. The results of molecular docking showed that limonin, palmatine and berberine could bind to CASP3 and MMP9 by hydrogen bond. In conclusion, HLJD could alleviate the colonic mucosal inflammatory infiltration and mucosal damage in UC mice. The mechanism may be related to the anti-inflammatory effect on UC mice by reducing the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in colon through limonin, palmatine and berberine regulating IL-17 signal pathway and TNF signal pathway via CASP3 and MMP9 meditated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Colon , Dextran Sulfate/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Molecular Docking Simulation , Plasma
15.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(5): 596-608, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345199

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has spread worldwide. The aim this study was to investigate the association of diabetes with severity and mortality among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. Subjects and methods: This retrospective, single-center case study enrolled a total of 564 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 at the Seventh Hospital of Wuhan City, between January 20 and March 15, 2020. Results: Among the 564 patients with confirmed COVID-19, 509 (85.1%) were discharged and 55 (9.8%) died. The median age was 59 years (range, 10-93 years). A total of 85 (15.1%) patients were diagnosed with diabetes on admission (median age, 65.0 [range, 34-91] years). Patients with diabetes had significantly higher proportions of critical cases (24 [28.2%] vs. 66 [13.8%]) and in-hospital mortality (17 [20%] vs. 38 [7.9%]). Moreover, patients with diabetes presented abnormal levels of multiple indicators concerning lymphopenia, inflammation, heart, liver, kidney, and lung function on admission, while diabetic patient group still display higher troponin T (TnT) levels when approaching discharge. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve indicated a trend toward poorer survival in diabetic patients compared to non-diabetic patients, also evidenced by abnormal laboratory biomarker changes regarding multiple system impairments among COVID-19 patients with diabetes with in-hospital death. Conclusion: The detailed clinical investigation of 564 hospitalized patients with COVID-19 indicated a considerable association between diabetes and COVID-19 severity or mortality. Thus, more intensive treatment may be considered for COVID-19 patients with diabetes, especially regarding to cardiac injury.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , SARS-CoV-2 , Hospitalization , Middle Aged
16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1460-1463, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864260

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of children with irritable bowel syndrome(IBS), so as to achieve the early diagnosis and treatment, thus avoiding misdiagnosis and mistreatment.Methods:A total of 80 hospitalized IBS patients in the Department of Gastroenterology, Children′s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2012 to August 2018 were enrolled.Their diagnosis and treatment were analyzed by combining with literature reviews.Results:(1)A total of 80 cases include 53 boys and 27 girls.The mean age at diagnosis was(9.70±2.88)years, and the median duration of disease was 10 months.(2)Abdominal pain was found in all cases, followed by diarrhea in 60 cases, constipation in 31 cases, abdominal distension in 21 cases, vomiting in 19 cases, weight loss in 11 cases, loss of appetite in 9 cases, and headache in 3 cases.Twenty-nine cases had suspected triggers before onset, mostly diet factor.(3)Eighty cases with IBS include 46 cases with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea(IBS-D), 17 cases with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation(IBS-C), 13 cases with mixed irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-M) and 4 cases with unsubtyped irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-U). The number of boys with IBS-C and IBS-D was higher than that of girls.IBS-M was on the contrary.IBS-U was equal between them.There were significant differences in gender among the subtypes ( χ2=0.83, P=0.001). Abdominal distension among 4 clinical types was statistically diffe-rent, IBS-M had the highest incidence, followed by were IBS-C, IBS-D, IBS-U.(4)Treatment was aimed at patients education, psychological intervention, dietary management and symptomatic therapy.After the first 6 months visit of 74 cases, 34 cases were sustained relieved, 25 cases were alleviated, and the overall effective rate was 79.73%, but 15 cases were ineffective. Conclusions:IBS is a common functional gastrointestinal disease in children, with more boys than girls.Dietary stimulation is the most common cause.Among the 4 subtypes, the composition ratio of IBS-D is the highest.Most of the cases are effective in symptomatic treatment.There are still some patients with poor curative effect.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2138-2143, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827970

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish an HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of 6 main components, including chlorogenic acid, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid,3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid,4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, pellitorine and neopellitorine B in Achil-leae Herba. HPLC analysis was performed on a Merck Purospher STAR RP-18 endcapped(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with a mobile phase consisting of 0.05% phosphoric acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) at a flow rate of 1 mL·min~(-1)(0-7 min,12%-14% B;7-10 min,14%-17% B;10-25 min,17%-22% B;25-35 min,22%-35% B;35-51 min,35%-80% B;51-60 min,80%-90% B). The detection wavelength was 254 nm and the column temperature maintained at 30 ℃, and the injection volume was 5 μL. The standard curves revealed a good linear relationship. The contents of 6 components were 0.404%-2.116% for chlorogenic acid, 0.160%-0.892% for 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 0.608%-1.464% for 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 0.168%-0.868% for 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 0.122%-1.234% for pellitorine, 0.065%-0.312% for neopellitorine B, respectively. Both cluster and principal component analysis can distinguish the research data in anthesis and pre-anthesis by software Chempattern. There were obviously differences in the different harvest time. Therefore, attention should be paid to the harvesting time of the herb. The method can be used to determine the contents of six main components, and can provide reference for the improvement of quality standard of Achilleae Herba.


Subject(s)
Chlorogenic Acid , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Principal Component Analysis
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): E006-E006, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012167

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and coagulation characteristics of the critical Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with acro-ischemia in the intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: The retrospective study included 7 critical COVID-19 patients with acro-ischemia in a single center in Wuhan, from Feb 4 to Feb 15, 2020. The clinical and laboratory data before and during the ICU stay were analyzed. Results: The median age of 7 patients was 59 years and 4 of them were men. 3 of them were associated with underlying comorbidities. Fever, cough, dyspnea and diarrhea were common clinical symptoms. All patients had acro-ischemia presentations including finger/toe cyanosis, skin bulla and dry gangrene. D-dimer, fibrinogen and fibrinogen degradation product (FDP) were significantly elevated in most patients. Prothrombin time (PT) were prolonged in 4 patients. D-dimer and FDP levels increased progressively when COVID-2019 exacerbated, and 4 patients were diagnosed with definite disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). 6 patients received low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) treatment, after which their D-dimer and FDP decreased, but there was no significant improvement in clinical symptoms. 5 patients died finally and the median time from acro-ischemia to death was 12 days. Conclusions: The existence of hypercoagulation status in critical COVID-2019 patients should be monitored closely, and anticoagulation therapy can be considered in selected patients. More clinical data is needed to investigate the role of anticoagulation in COVID-2019 treatment.

19.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 78-78, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880314

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We aim to explore the association between self-reported snoring and hypertension among adults aged 30-79 in Chongqing, China.@*METHODS@#A total of 23,342 individuals aged 30-79 were included at baseline from August 2018 to January 2019, and the final sample size for the analysis was 22,423. Face-to-face interviews and physical examinations were conducted by trained investigators. Logistic regression was performed to study age-specific and gender-specific associations between snoring and hypertension.@*RESULTS@#Frequent snoring was associated with the risk of hypertension for each age and gender group, and the frequency of snoring was positively correlated with the risk for hypertension. For the three age groups (< 45, 45-59, ≥ 60), compared with the non-snoring group, those who snore often had a 64.5%, 53.3%, and 24.5% increased risk of hypertension (< 45: OR = 1.65, 95%CI 1.34-2.02; 45-59: OR = 1.53, 95%CI 1.37-1.72; ≥ 60: OR = 1.25, 95%CI 1.09-1.42), respectively. For men and women, those who snore often had a 46.8% and 97.2% increased risk of hypertension, respectively, than the non-snoring group (men: OR = 1.47, 95%CI 1.33-1.63; women: OR = 1.97, 95%CI 1.75-2.23).@*CONCLUSIONS@#People who snore frequently should pay close attention to their blood pressure levels in order to achieve early prevention of hypertension, particularly for snorers who are female and aged under 45; importance should be attached to their blood pressure control.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertension/etiology , Self Report , Snoring/complications
20.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 740-748, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878672

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between serum total 25-hydroxyvitamin D[T-25(OH)D]level and fecal microbiota in patients with inflammatory bowel disease(IBD). Methods Twenty-three patients with IBD completed the tests for serum T-25(OH)D,and the fecal microbiota was studied using V4 hypervariable region of 16S ribosomal RNA(rRNA)gene sequencing.According to serum T-25(OH)D level,the patients were divided into three groups including vitamin D normal group(


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria/classification , Feces/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/microbiology , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Vitamin D/blood
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