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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922847

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To review the development of rehabilitation in China, summarize the development experience, and study the laws, regulations, policies, and plans for the development of rehabilitation and service. Methods We used literature and policy research methods to review the development of rehabilitation in China, summarize development experiences, and conduct systematic content analysis of relevant laws, regulations, policies and plans. Results The year 2021 marks the centennial of the founding of the Communist Party of China. This paper reviews the historical development and valuable experiences of China's rehabilitation undertakings, analyzes the background, main contents and significance of the laws and regulations related to China's rehabilitation undertakings, and focuses on the rehabilitation policies related to the "Healthy China 2030" Planning Outline and the Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Rehabilitation Medical Work. Conclusion The development of rehabilitation in China is an important part of the health service system. Based on the perspective of health services, the development of rehabilitation in China has improved the leadership and governance capacity of rehabilitation, established a funding mechanism for rehabilitation development, trained a large number of rehabilitation professionals and technicians, established a rehabilitation medical service system covering all three levels of medical services, and incorporated assistive technologies into the modern rehabilitation service system. A corresponding health information system has been established. The rehabilitation work has played an important role in achieving the goals of the "Health China 2030" program.

2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E018-E026, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920663

ABSTRACT

Biomechanical model of musculoskeletal system has accurate human anatomy and good biological fidelity. It can accurately and effectively reveal the biomechanical state and predict the internal mechanical response of musculoskeletal system. Therefore, it has been widely used in biomechanical study of musculoskeletal system, diagnosis and treatment of bone diseases, implant optimization design and preoperative planning. In 2021, the latest advances in biomechanical modeling method of musculoskeletal system mainly included three aspects, i.e., individualized finite element modeling, statistical model modeling and musculoskeletal system modeling. On this basis, the latest relevant literatures were summarized in this review to illustrate the progress and main applications of the above modeling method, and the future development direction of musculoskeletal modeling was discussed.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 487-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIV E To investigate the calculation method of drug market share in budget impact analysis (BIA)in order to provide new ideas for BIA research. METHODS In view of the situation that some drugs had multiple indications or the indications in the drug instructions were not clear enough and inconsistent with the indications in the reimbursement catalogue , starting from the concept of “times per person ”,the parameters such as sample hospital and average treatment time per person for each time were introduced to develop a new market share calculation method. At the same time ,the calculation process was demonstrated by taking the treatment drugs for liver cirrhosis as an example. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS Taking treatment drugs of liver cirrhosis as an example ,the calculation results of market share showed that the results of the two calculation methods were quite different. The market share calculated on the basis of “the number of people ”was mostly higher than that calculated on the basis of “times per person ”. Compared with the traditional calculation method based on “the number of people ”,the calculation method of market share based on “times per person ”could calculate the market share more accurately ,which could solve the problem that the traditional method didn ’t fully consider that most drugs had multiple indications ,the indications of drug instructions were not clear enough and inconsistent with the reimbursement catalogue ,resulting in inaccurate calculation of market share;at the same time ,this method could also be used to try to solve the problem that the total number of patients could not be obtained from epidemiological data based on the average treatment time per person of each time in the sample hospital. This method can be considered when the indications of the target drug are not clear enough or there are multiple indications ,or when the researchers collect clinical ,epidemiological and medical insurance data to estimate the number of target population ,the prediction results of market capacity do not conform to the theoretical logic or actual situation due to the lack of necessary data ,or when the target disease has the characteristics of repeated attacks and short course of disease.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1329-1334, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878096

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With current chemotherapy treatment, >90% of survival has been obtained for Burkitt lymphoma (BL). In this study, the demographic characteristics and treatment outcomes are presented for 78 children in China with central nervous system-positive (CNS+) BL.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study consecutively enrolled 78 CNS+ BL patients in Beijing Children's Hospital (BCH) from 2007 to 2019 who received the BCH B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma regimen (modified by French-American-British mature lymphoma B-cell 96 [FAB/LMB96] C1 arm ± rituximab). Clinical characteristics, methods of disease detection in the CNS, and outcomes were evaluated. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess prognostic factors.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 65 boys and 13 girls at the time of diagnosis was 5.7 years (ranging from 1 to 14 years). Patients were followed up for a median time of 34 months (ranging from 1 to 72 months). Bone marrow invasion was found in 38 (48.7%) patients. There were 48 (61.5%), 44 (56.4%), and 25 (32%) patients with cranial nerve palsy, intracerebral mass (ICM), and para-meningeal extension, respectively. Abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) morphology and CSF immunophenotype appeared in 15 (19.2%) and 15 (19.2%) patients, respectively. There were 69 (88.5%) patients treated with chemotherapy combined with rituximab, and nine patients were treated solely with chemotherapy. Finally, five patients died of treatment-related infection, recurrence occurred for 13, and one developed a second tumor. The 3-year overall survival and event-free survival rates were 78.9% ± 4.7% and 71.4% ± 6.0%, respectively. Treatment with chemotherapy only, ICM positivity, and >4 organs involved at diagnosis were independent risk factors.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Rituximab combined with a modified LMB96 regimen has greatly increased the efficacy of treatment for Chinese children with CNS+ BL, and with the continuous collection of outcome data, treatment-related complications are decreasing. For further verification, a large sample multicentre randomized controlled study should be performed to explore a treatment scheme for Chinese children with even greater efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Burkitt Lymphoma/drug therapy , Central Nervous System , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 518-523, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the r elationship between corporate social responsibility ,financing constraints and corporate performance of listed pharmaceutical companies ,so as to provide reference for pharmaceutical enterprises to fulfill their social responsibility in China. METHODS :Taking 211 A-share listed pharmaceutical companies in China from 2015 to 2018 as samples , using corporate performance as explained variables ,corporate social responsibility and financing constraints as explanatory variables,asset size ,equity nature ,growth,R&D investment ,marketing investment and annual as control variables ,a multiple regression equation was constructed to study the relationship among corporate social responsibility performance ,financial constraints and corporate performance and put forward the suggestions. RESULTS :Corporate social responsibility had a significant positive impact on corporate financial performance ;in the promotion of corporate social responsibility on corporate performance , finacing constratins couldn ’t inhibit the promote function. CONCLUSIONS :In China ’s pharmaceutical industry ,the awareness of corporate social responsibility needs to be improved ;pharmaceutical enterprises actively perform social responsibility will interactively promote corporate performance. The overall financial constraints faced by Chinese pharmaceutical enterprises are not high,and enterprises which facing financial constraints will better improve their performance by fulfilling corporate social responsibility. It is suggested that the government should promote the legislative process of corporate social responsibility ; pharmaceutical enterprises should enhance the awareness of social responsibility and pay attention to the impact of financing constraints;investors should pay real-time attention to the responsibility information and actual performance of pharmaceutical enterprises.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate a foodborne brucellosis outbreak in a county in Guangdong Province in 2015, which may provide suggestions for the prevention and control of similar incidents. Methods:Case search was carried out by visiting cases, accessing the hospital medical record system, and collecting the registration information of rural health stations, and the results were described and analyzed. Results:A total of 169 cases were found, with an attack rate of 2.0‰ (169/85 000). The onset time of the cases was from January 19 to June 2, 2015, showing a continuous and homogenous outbreak pattern. The clinical manifestations of the cases were fever (72%), fatigue (40%), hyperhidrosis (26%), testicular enlargement (5.3%), headache (2.4%), and hepatomegaly (1.2%). In addition, 54 cases of latent infection were found. A total of 13 strains of brucella ovis type 3 were cultured from the patients’ serum samples. After all sheep in the farm were sampled, 16 samples of serum test tube agglutination test were positive, with a positive rate of 37% (16/44); after analysis, drinking fresh goat milk was a risk factor for brucellosis (OR=36.25, 95%CI: 4.68-280.73), and there was a dose-response relationship between infection and milk drinking (χ2=27.00, P<0.05). Conclusion:The brucellosis outbreak was caused by patients who drank unboiled goat milk contaminated with Brucella ovine type 3. People are recommended to drink qualified and sterilized goat milk. Relevant government departments should strengthen the monitoring of goat selling and goat milk production.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis of Epstein -Barr virus(EBV) positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma(DLBCL) in children, so as to improve the knowledge of pediatricians on this disease.Methods:The data of 6 cases of EBV positive DLBCL who were initially diagnosed and regularly treated in Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 were collected, including basic information (gender, age, first symptom, and course of disease), pathological results [immunohistochemistry, EBV encoded RNA(EBER), latent membrane protein(LMP), and C- MYC gene], immune function, EBV index, treatment group, treatment plan and prognosis. Results:There were 4 males and 2 females, with the average age of 6.67 years.The uric acid was 266.2 μmol/L, lactic dehydrogenase(LDH) was 346.5 U/L at early stage, and 1 patient had immunodeficiency.The immune function test before chemotherapy indicated that the proportion of auxiliary T cells decreased in 4 cases, and the humoral immune function was normal in all patients.There was no evidence of recent infection in 6 patients, and EBV-DNA increased in 3 patients.There were 2 cases of stage Ⅲ, 4 cases of stage Ⅳ, 1 case of giant tumor, 2 cases of symptom B, 6 cases of extranodal invasion, 4 cases of central invasion and 1 case of bone marrow invasion.Three patients died and three survived.Immunohistochemistry showed that: (1) CD 19, CD 20, and CD 79a were expressed in all patients, and CD 30 was expressed in 5 patients.(2) C- MYC gene was detected by immunofluorescence in situ hybridization method in all patients, and no MYC break, Bcl-2 and Bcl-6 break and amplification were found.(3) EBV: EBER and LMP-1 were expressed in all patients. Conclusions:The pathological changes of EBV positive DLBCL are similar to those adults.The origin of non-germinal center and extranodal and central invasion are more common.The prognosis of the patients with central nervous system invasion is very poor, and the recurrence and progress of the disease often occur in the treatment or in the early stage of drug withdrawal.At present, there is no effective and feasible treatment plan.It is suggested that the patients in the late stage should receive allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as soon as possible after intensive treatment, so as to improve the survival rate.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the changes in inflammatory markers levels and the onset of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the early stage of acute trauma..Methods:From January 2018 to June 2020, patients with acute trauma who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University were selected as subjects. Peripheral venous blood was collected on admission, on the 3rd and 7th day after trauma for routine blood test, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT). The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was calculated. The PCL-5 scale was used to evaluate PTSD symptoms one month later. The patients were divided into the PTSD group and non-PTSD group with the score of 38 as the boundary. The change rule of NLR in the PTSD group and the non-PTSD group were analyzed.Results:Ninety-one trauma patients were enrolled, including 23 patients in the PTSD group and 68 patients in the non-PTSD group. Compared with the healthy control group, the NLR of 91 trauma patients on admission, on the 3rd and 7th day were significantly higher (all P< 0.01). The NLR of the PTSD group was increased on the 7th day after trauma, which was significantly higher than that of the non-PTSD group ( P= 0.025). The non-PTSD group showed a decreasing trend, of which NLR on the 7th day was significantly lower than that on admission ( P= 0.001). In addition, high level of NLR on the 7th day after trauma (β= 0.206, P= 0.01) was a risk factor for PTSD onset. Conclusions:Dynamic monitoring of the changes in NLR after acute trauma would be of great clinical value to early warning of PTSD.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of renal resistive index (RRI) joint with semiquantitative power Doppler ultrasound (PDU) score to acute kidney injury (AKI) in non-septic critically ill patients.Methods:This prospective observational study enrolled non-septic critically ill patients admitted to the Emergency Intensive Care Unit of Cangzhou Central Hospital from January 2018 to August 2019. In addition to general data, RRI and PDU scores were measured with medical ultrasonic instrument within 6 h after admission. Renal function was assessed on the 5th day in accordance with kidney disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria. The patients who progressed to AKI stage 3 within 5 days after admission were classified into the AKI 3 group, and the rest were classified into the AKI 0-2 group. The difference of each index was compared between the two groups in non-septic critically ill patients and patients with acute heart failure (AHF). Normal distributed continuous variables were compared using independent sample t-tests, whereas Mann-Whitney U tests were used to examine the differences in variables without a normal distribution. Categorical data were compared with the Chi-square test. Receiver operator characteristic curves were plotted to examine the values of RRI, PDU score, RRI-RDU/10 (subtraction of RRI and 1/10 of PDU score), RRI/PDU (the ratio of RRI to PDU score), and RRI+PDU (the prediction probability of the combination of RRI and PDU score for AKI stage 3 obtained by logistic regression analysis) in predicting AKI 3. Delong's test was used to compare the area under the curve (AUC) between predictors. Results:A total of 110 non-septic critically ill patients (51 patients with no AKI, 21 with AKI stage 1, 11 with AKI stage 2, and 27 with AKI stage 3) were recruited. Among them, there were 63 patients with AHF (21 patients with no AKI, 15 with AKI stage 1, 7 with AKI stage 2, and 20 with AKI stage 3). Among the non-septic critically ill patients as well as its subgroup of AHF, compared with the AKI 0-2 group, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation-Ⅱ score, sequential organ failure assessment score, arterial lactate concentration, mechanical ventilation rate, proportion of vasoactive drugs, 28-day mortality, serum creatinine, RRI, RRI-RDU/10, RRI/PDU, RRI+PDU, and rate of continuous renal replacement therapy were higher in the AKI 3 group, and urine output and PDU score were lower ( all P<0.05). As for non-septic critically ill patients, RRI/PDU [AUC=0.915, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 0.846-0.959, P<0.01] and RRI+PDU (AUC=0.914, 95% CI: 0.845-0.959, P<0.01) performed best in predicting AKI 3, and the AUCs were higher than RRI (AUC=0.804, 95% CI: 0.718-0.874, P<0.01) and PDU score (AUC=0.868, 95% CI: 0.791-0.925, P<0.01). The optimal cutoff for RRI/PDU was > 0.355 (sensitivity 92.6%, specificity 81.9%, Youden index 0.745). The predictive value of RRI-RDU/10 for AKI 3 (AUC=0.899, 95% CI: 0.827-0.948, P<0.01) was also better than RRI and PDU scores, but slightly worse than RRI/PDU and RRI+PDU, with statistically difference only between RRI and RRI-RDU/10 ( P<0.05). As for patients with AHF, RRI/PDU (AUC=0.962, 95% CI: 0.880-0.994, P<0.01) and RRI+PDU (AUC=0.962, 95% CI: 0.880-0.994, P<0.01) also performed best in predicting AKI 3, and the AUCs were higher than RRI (AUC=0.845, 95% CI: 0.731-0.924, P<0.01) and PDU score (AUC=0.913, 95% CI: 0.814-0.969, P<0.01) with statistically differences (all P<0.05). The optimal cutoff for RRI/PDU was > 0.360 (sensitivity 95.0%, specificity 90.7%, Youden index 0.857). The predictive value of RRI-RDU/10 for AKI 3 (AUC=0.950, 95% CI: 0.864-0.989, P<0.01) was also better than RRI and PDU score, but slightly worse than RRI/PDU and RRI+PDU, with statistically difference only between RRI and RRI-RDU/10 ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The combination of RRI and PDU score could effectively predict AKI 3 in non-septic critically ill patients, especially in patients with AHF. The ratio of RRI to PDU score is recommended for clinical application because of its excellent predictive value for AKI and its practicability.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 305-310,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the incidence and occurrence time of gallstone disease after bariatric surgery.Methods:Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 187 patients with morbid obesity who underwent bariatric surgery in the Department of General Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from Dec. 2017 to Aug. 2019. All patients did not receive prophylactic ursodeoxycholic acid. All patients were underwent abdominal ultrasound and MRI examination preoperatively, and at least one abdominal ultrasound, MRI examination postoperatively. The incidence and occurrence time of gallstones and biliary sludge in patients with different bariatric surgery were analyzed respectively. Measurement data conforming to the normal distribution were described as mean ± standard deviation ( Mean± SD). Measurement data consistent with skewed distribution were described as median (lower quartile, upper quartile). Counting data were described as a percentage (%). Kruskal-Wallis test was used for comparison among groups, and then Bonferroni correction was used for pairwise comparison. Results:The follow-up time was up to Dec. 31, 2020, with a median follow-up time of 27.0 (22.0, 31.0) months. Thirty-four patients (18.2%, 34/187) developed gallstones after bariatric surgery. Individually, it was 18.0%(30/167) in LSG group, 22.2%(2/9) in LRYGB group, 11.1%(1/9) in LOAGB group and 50.0%(1/2) in LOAGB revisional surgery group. Eighteen patients (9.6%, 18/187) were found biliary sludge formation, among which 8.4% (14/167), 22.2% (2/9), and 22.2% (2/9) underwent LSG, LRYGB, and LOAGB, respectively. The rates of weight loss and BMI loss in patients with postoperative gallstone-formation were 21.4 (18.7, 23.6)% and 21.4 (18.6, 23.5) %, respectively. Three patients (1.6%, 3/187) had newly developed symptomatic gallstones, and all of them underwent LSG. The mean occurrence time for biliary sludge and gallstone was 85.5 (28.8, 98.8) and 103.5 (93.0, 179.3) days, respectively. Statistical difference in occurrence time was only found between postoperative gallstone and biliary sludge formation ( P=0.009). Conclusion:Without drug intervention, the incidence of gallstone after bariatric surgery was about 18.2% (34/187), which requires close clinical attention. Abdominal ultrasonography and the T2WI sequence of upper abdominal MRI can help to diagnose gallstone and monitor its changes.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882390

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:Patients with AIS received intravenous thrombolysis using standard dose alteplase in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2014 to December 2019 were enrolled retrospectively. Head CT scan was performed within 24 h after thrombolytic therapy to identify the occurrence of HT. The demographic and baseline clinical data were compared between the HT group and the non-HT group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the correlation between LDL-C and HT after thrombolysis. Results:A total of 323 patients with AIS who received intravenous thrombolytic therapy were enrolled, their age was 65±12 years (range, 54-78 years), and 219 were males (67.8%). The median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 4 (interquartile range, 3-9). Ninety one patients (28.17%) developed HT, of which 8 (2.48%) had symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in LDL-C, age, baseline NIHSS score, baseline systolic and diastolic blood pressure, baseline fibrin degradation products, and the proportion of patients with atrial fibrillation and stroke etiology between the HT group and the non-HT group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lower LDL-C (odds ratio [ OR] 0.531, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 0.358-0.788; P=0.002), higher baseline NIHSS score ( OR 1.063, 95% CI 1.010-1.120; P=0.020) and higher baseline systolic blood pressure ( OR 1.015, 95 CI 1.004-1.026; P=0.008) were the independent risk factors for HT after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with AIS. Conclusions:Low LDL-C is an independent risk factor for HT in patients with AIS after intravenous thrombolysis. The patients with lower LDL-C should be cautious in lipid-lowering therapy and be alert to the occurrence of HT.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882368

ABSTRACT

As one of the leucine-rich repeat protein family members, leucine-rich α-2 glycoprotein 1 (LRG1) affects many diseases by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling pathway, and is closely associated with angiogenesis, endothelial cell apoptosis and autophagy, inflammatory reaction and blood-brain barrier damage after cerebral ischemia. It is expected to become a new marker and therapeutic target of ischemic stroke. However, at present, there are few studies on investigating the relationship between LRG1 and ischemic stroke, and the understanding of its molecular mechanism is not yet complete, resulting in controversy about the role of LRG1 in ischemic stroke. Therefore, this article reviews the research progress of LRG1-TGF-β signaling pathway and ischemic stroke, hoping to provide new ideas for the early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of ischemic stroke.

13.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 144-157, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The present study investigated how mild moxibustion treatment affects the intestinal microbiome and expression of NLRP3-related immune factors in a rat model of intestinal mucositis (IM) induced with 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu).@*METHODS@#Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, chemotherapy, moxibustion and probiotics groups. The IM rat model was established by intraperitoneal injection of 5-Fu. Mild moxibustion treatment and intragastric probiotic administration were provided once daily for 15 days. Tissue morphology, serum levels of inflammatory factors and the expression levels of tight junction proteins, caspase-1, gasdermin D and NLRP3 were evaluated in colon tissue, through hematoxylin and eosin staining, electron microscopy, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blotting, quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence. Gut microbiome profiling was conducted through 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Moxibustion and probiotic treatments significantly increased the expression levels of tight junction proteins, reduced cell apoptosis and the expression levels of caspase-1, gasdermin D and NLRP3; they also decreased the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β and IL-18, while increasing serum levels of IL-10. Moxibustion and probiotic treatments also corrected the reduction in α-diversity and β-diversity in IM rats, greatly increased the proportion of the dominant bacterial genus Lactobacillus and reduced the abundance of the genera Roseburia and Escherichia in chemotherapy-treated rats to levels observed in healthy animals. We also found that these dominant genera were firmly correlated with the regulation of pyroptosis-associated proteins and inflammatory factors. Finally, moxibustion and probiotic treatments elicited similar effects in regulating intestinal host-microbial homeostasis and the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome-related factors.@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion exerts its therapeutic effect on IM by ameliorating mucosal damage and reducing inflammation. Moreover, moxibustion modulates the gut microbiota, likely via decreasing the expression levels of the NLRP3 inflammasome.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879025

ABSTRACT

To prove that ursolic acid(UA)could activate the autophagy of colorectal cancer HCT116 cells by inhibiting hedgehog signaling pathway. The effect of UA on the viability of HCT116 cells was determined by MTT assay. The effect of UA on the proliferation and migration of HCT116 cells was detected by crystal violet staining and scratch test. In the study on autophagy, the time points were screened out first: the autophagy fluorescence intensity of UA acting on HCT116 at different time points were detected by Cell Meter~(TM) Autophagy Assay Kit; Western blot was used to detect the expression of autophagy protein P62 at different time points. Then, Cell Meter~(TM) Autophagy Assay Kit was used to detect the effect of UA on autophagy fluorescence intensity of HCT116 cells. The effect of different doses of UA on the expressions of LC3Ⅱ and P62 proteins in HCT116 cells were detected by Western blot. Further, AdPlus-mCherry-GFP-LC3 B adenovirus transfection was used to detect the effects of UA on autophagy flux of HCT116 cells; UA combined with autophagy inhibitor chloroquine(CQ) was used to detect the expression of LC3Ⅱ by Western blot. In terms of mechanism, the effect of UA on hedgehog signaling pathway-related proteins in HCT116 cells was detected by Western blot. The results showed that UA inhibited the activity, proliferation and migration of HCT116 cells. UA enhanced the fluorescence intensity of autophagy in HCT116 cells, while promoting the expression of LC3Ⅱ and inhibiting the expression of P62, in a time and dose dependent manner. UA activated the autophagy in HCT116 cells, which manifested that UA resulted in the accumulation of fluorescence spots and strengthened the fluorescence intensity of autophagosomes; compared with UA alone, UA combined with autophagy inhibitor CQ promoted the expression of LC3Ⅱ. UA reduced the expressions of PTCH1, GLI1, SMO, SHH and c-Myc in hedgehog signaling pathway, while increased the expression of Sufu. In conclusion, our study showed that UA activated autophagy in colorectal cancer HCT116 cells, which was related to the mechanism in inhibiting hedgehog signaling pathway activity.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Line, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms , Hedgehog Proteins/genetics , Humans , Signal Transduction , Triterpenes
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878961

ABSTRACT

The Qinling-Daba Mountains area is the main producing areas of Gynostemma longipes for medicinal usage, and samples of wild whole plants in Pingli, Shaanxi Province and Qingchuan, Sichuan Province were collected. The ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS~E) was used to profile the chemical compositions and analyze the similarities and differences of G. longipes samples in these areas. Based on the accurate molecular weight and fragment information obtained from Q-TOF-MS~E, the structures of the main components were identified by combining with the mass spectra, chromatographic behaviors of reference standards and related literatures. The results showed that the components of wild G. longipes from different places among Qinling-Daba Mountains area were similar. Forty-five chemical components were identified in the whole plant of G. longipes from Pingli, Shaanxi Province, including 43 triterpenoid saponins and 2 flavonoids which contain all main peaks in its fingerprint. The main components are dammarane-type triterpenoid saponins, such asgypenoside ⅩLⅨ, gypenoside A and its malonylated product of glycosyl.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gynostemma , Mass Spectrometry , Saponins
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888158

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the problems of confusion in clinical medication and imperfect instructions in Chinese patent medicines(CPMs), the Standardization Department of the China Association of Chinese Medicine and Center for Pharmacovigilance and Rational use of Chinese Medicine in Beijing University of Chinese Medicine jointly compiled the Instructions for Clinical Application of Chinese Patent Medicines(CPMs). As the interpretation and supplement of drug instruction information, it aims to guide clinical safety and rational use of CPMs. In addition, the technical specification for clinical application description of CPMs has been formulated, which covers the seven processes of "carding instructions, clinical investigation, data retrieval, data screening, evidence classification, path transformation and writing format". It will enable readers of Instructions for Clinical Application of Chinese Patent Medicines to understand the work behind the compilation.


Subject(s)
Beijing , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Pharmacovigilance
18.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 310-316, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913628

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The goal of this study was to describe the current status of oncology nurses' behaviors toward end of life (EOL) care in China and to explore the factors associated with oncology nurses’ behaviors toward EOL care. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional design was applied and a convenience sample of 1038 oncology nurses from 22 grade A hospitals were recruited into this study. A general social demographic data questionnaire was administered, and the Chinese version of Nurses’ Behaviors of Caring for Dying Patients Scale was used to assess nurse behavior toward EOL care. The total score ranges from 40 to 200 points. Data were analyzed with SPSS 26.0 software. @*Results@#Chinese oncology nurses' average score of holistic EOL care behaviors was 2.97 ± 0.59. Oncology nurses provide physical care most (3.81 ± 0.76), followed by family care (3.02 ± 0.86), and spiritual care (2.37 ± 0.67). Multiple regression analysis showed that a higher frequency of sharing EOL care experience with colleagues, in-service palliative care education, higher level of head nurse support for EOL patient care, more cases of EOL care, higher working position, and nurse's perceived high level of support were positively associated with behavior toward EOL care. These six factors explained 16.2% of the total variance. @*Conclusions@#The results may help provide a basis for converting behavior for EOL care among oncology nurses and design interventions to better improve quality of life for EOL patients with cancer in China.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912589

ABSTRACT

Objective:This article aims to analyze and explore practical and effective operation and management mechanisms of the independent interdisciplinary institutes in universities.Methods:Adopting case analysis and literature review as research methodologies to explore the operation and management mechanisms of mature interdisciplinary research institutions in foreign universities, and providing constructive suggestions for domestic academic institutions.Results:Case analysis found that flexible talent structure, sufficient scientific research platform sharing mechanism, and close partnership with industry operation mechanism can effectively promote the virtuous circle of interdisciplinary knowledge generation, dissemination and transformation, thereby driving the efficient operation of interdisciplinary institutes. At the same time, scientific and appropriate management scheme and evaluation system provide a strong systematic administrative support.Conclusions:Interdisciplinary institutes in domestic universities should adopt a matrix-style team formation method to assure the flow of talents with diverse backgrounds, thereby enhancing the internal driving-force of interdisciplinary development. Besides, a substantial resource sharing mechanism should be created to promote the establishment of interdisciplinary research communities. Furthermore, exploring " extensional" knowledge transfer mechanisms to promote collaborative innovation with enterprises. At the same time, establishing scientific and clear institutional management which take into full consideration of the key factors of interdisciplinary research methods and evaluation system.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909618

ABSTRACT

Polygonati Rhizoma is the dry rhizome of Liliaceae plants Polygonatum kingianum coil ethemsl, Polygona?tum sibiricum Redoute and Polygonatum cyrtonem Hua. It tastes sweet and has a flat nature. It belongs to the spleen, lung and kidney channels. Polygonati Rhizoma contains a variety of chemical components, including polysaccharides, alkaloids, steroidal saponins, lignans, phytosterols, and so on. Polygonati Rhizoma polysaccharide (PSP) is one of the main bioactive components of Polygonati Rhizoma. It is widely used. It has the effects of enhancing immunity, anti-inflammatory, anti-virus and regulating blood lipid. In recent years, the immunomodulatory function of PSP has been paid more and more attention by researchers. PSP can play an immunomodulatory role through a variety of mecha?nisms. (1) Effects of PSP on innate immunity. ① Macrophages have a strong ability to phagocytize and clear foreign bodies. When polysaccharides bind to macrophage specific membrane receptors, the immune response will be officially activated. RAW264.7 cells can be activated by PSP MR and TLR4 mediated signal pathway to improve the pinocytosis and phagocytosis of RAW264.7 cells. ② Natural killer cell (NK cell) is a very important immune cell in the body. It is a non-specific immune killer cell naturally existing in the body. It has the dual functions of immune regulation and cytotoxic?ity. It was found that the signal pathway mediated by PSP CR3 and TRL2 may play a major role in the stimulation of NK cells. (2) Effects of PSP on adaptive immune response. ① Lymphocytes can be divided into two forms: T cells and B cells due to different differentiation and maturation sites. T lymphocytes are the general name of thymus dependent lym?phocytes. B lymphocytes differentiate and mature from animal bone marrow cells and exert their humoral immune func?tion by secreting different antibodies. It was found that PSP could activate T/B lymphocytes and increase the ratio of CD4+/CD8+in lymph cells to promote the regulation of immune system.②Thymus and spleen index refers to the level of body immunity through the development of immune organs and the functional status of immune cells. The higher the index of thymus and spleen, the higher the immune activity. A large number of studies have found that PSP can improve immune activity by promoting the proliferation of spleen lymphocytes and regulating organ index, so as to increase the weight and index of thymus and spleen induced by CY. ③ Antibody is a glycoprotein secreted by B cells after antigen stimulation and a series of proliferation and differentiation into plasma cells. Antibody production level is one of the main indicators of nonspecific immune function. PSP can not only improve the serum antibody level of mice by regulating the phagocytosis of mouse macrophages and the level of serum hemolysin, but also enhance the concentration of IL-2 secreted by spleen lymphocytes in vitro to increase the level of antibody response, and then improve the humoral immune function of the body. (3) Effect of PSP on cytokines. ① A large number of experiments have proved that PSP has a significant effect on promoting the production of interleukin (IL). PSP can combine with specific receptors on the surface of immune cells to activate various intracellular signal transduction pathways, enhance the secretion of cytokines such as IL-2, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10 by spleen lymphocytes in vitro, make them directly kill target cells and regulate the immune function of the body at the molecular level. ② Interferon (IFN) is a special protein or glycoprotein produced by human or animal cells in response to various stimuli. It plays an important role in anti-virus, immune regulation and cell proliferation control. It was found that PSP could increase IFN-γsecreted by T cells and NK cells, activate macrophages to regulate immune function. ③ Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is mainly produced by activated macrophages, NK cells and activated T cells. It is a cytokine with important biological activity in antitumor immune response.④ Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is mainly produced by activated macrophages, NK cells and activated T cells. It is a cytokine with important biological activity in antitumor immune response. PSP can promote the proliferation and phagocytic activity of macro?phage RAW264.7 to reduce its apoptosis rate. By increasing the secretion of TNF-α, PSP can promote the dissociation between NF-κВprotein and IκВp65 protein after phosphorylation, so as to start the expression and transcription of related immune genes. In conclusion, PSP can improve immunity and has a good application prospect in the development of immunomodulatory drugs.

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