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1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1124-1130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical phenotypes, genetic characteristics, and pathological features of children with disorders of sex development (DSD).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on epidemiological, clinical phenotype, chromosomal karyotype, gonadal pathology, and genotype data of 165 hospitalized children with DSD at Children's Hospital of Hebei Province and Tangshan Maternal and Child Health Hospital from August 2008 to December 2022.@*RESULTS@#Among the 165 children with DSD, common presenting symptoms were short stature (62/165, 37.6%), clitoromegaly (33/165, 20.0%), cryptorchidism (28/165, 17.0%), hypospadias (24/165, 14.5%), and skin pigmentation abnormalities/exteriorized pigmented labia majora (19/165, 11.5%). Chromosomal karyotype analysis was performed on 127 cases, revealing 36 cases (28.3%) of 46,XX DSD, 34 cases (26.8%) of 46,XY DSD, and 57 cases (44.9%) of sex chromosome abnormalities. Among the sex chromosome abnormal karyotypes, the 45,X karyotype (11/57, 19%) and 45,X/other karyotype mosaicism (36/57, 63%) were more common. Sixteen children underwent histopathological biopsy of gonadal tissues, resulting in retrieval of 25 gonadal tissues. The gonadal tissue biopsies revealed 3 cases of testes, 3 cases of dysplastic testes, 6 cases of ovaries, 11 cases of ovotestes, and 1 case each of streak gonad and agenesis of gonads. Genetic testing identified pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants in 23 cases (23/36, 64%), including 12 cases of 21-hydroxylase deficiency congenital adrenal hyperplasia caused by CYP21A2 pathogenic variants.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Short stature, clitoromegaly, cryptorchidism, hypospadias, and skin pigmentation abnormalities are common phenotypes in children with DSD. 45,X/other karyotype mosaicism and CYP21A2 compound heterozygous variants are major etiological factors in children with DSD. The most commonly observed gonadal histopathology in children with DSD includes ovotestes, ovaries, and testes/dysgenetic testes.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Disorders of Sex Development/pathology , Hypospadias/complications , Cryptorchidism/complications , Retrospective Studies , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital , Steroid 21-Hydroxylase
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5888-5897, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008787

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the therapeutic effects and potential mechanisms of resveratrol(Res) on poor ovarian response(POR) in mice. The common target genes shared by Res and POR were predicted by network pharmacology, used for Gene Ontology(GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment, and then validated by animal experiments. The mice with regular estrous cycle after screening were randomized into normal, POR, and low-and high-dose(20 and 40 mg·kg~(-1), respectively) Res groups. The normal group was administrated with an equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution by gavage, and the mice in other groups with tripterygium glycosides suspension(50 mg·kg~(-1)) by gavage for 2 weeks. After the modeling, the mice in low-and high-dose Res groups were treated with Res by gavage for 2 weeks, and the mice in normal and POR groups with an equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution by gavage. Ovulation induction and sample collection were carried out on the day following the end of treatment. Vaginal smears were collected for observation of the changes in the estrous cycle, the counting of retrieved oocytes, and the measurement of ovarian wet weight and ovarian index. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was employed to measure the levels of anti-mullerian hormone(AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH), estradiol(E_2), and luteinizing hormone(LH) in the serum. The ovarian tissue morphology and granulosa cell apoptosis were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling(TUNEL), respectively. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K), protein kinase B(AKT), forkhead box O(FOXO) 3a, hypoxia-inducible factor(HIF)-1α, B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), and Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax). A total of 222 common targets shared by Res and POR were collected. GO annotation indicated that these targets were mainly involved in oxidative stress response. KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that Res can intervene in POR via PI3K/AKT, HIF-1, and FOXO signaling pathways. Animal experiments showed that the model group had higher rate of estrous cycle disorders, lower number and poorer morphology of normally developed follicles at all levels, more atretic follicles, higher apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells, lower number of retrieved oocytes, lower ovarian wet weight and ovarian index, higher serum levels of FSH and LH, lower levels of AMH and E_2, higher expression levels of HIF-1α, FOXO3a and Bax, and lower expression levels of PI3K, AKT, and Bcl-2 in the ovarian tissue than the normal group. Compared with the POR group, low-and high-dose Res decreased the rate of estrous cycle disorders, improved the follicle number and morphology, reduced atretic follicles, promoted the apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells, increased retrieved oocytes, ovarian wet weight and ovarian index, and lowered serum FSH and LH levels. Moreover, Res down-regulated the expression levels of HIF-1α, FOXO3a and Bax, and up-regulated the expression levels of PI3K, AKT and Bcl-2 in the ovarian tissue. In summary, Res can inhibit apoptosis and mitigate poor ovarian response in mice by regulating the PI3K/AKT/FOXO3a and HIF-1α pathways.


Subject(s)
Female , Mice , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Resveratrol/pharmacology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Sodium Chloride , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5014-5023, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008671

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Cratoxylum cochinchinense were isolated and purified using silica gel, ODS gel, and Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatography, as well as preparative HPLC. The chemical structures of all isolated compounds were identified on the basis of their physicochemical properties, spectroscopic analyses, and the comparison of their physicochemical and spectroscopic data with the reported data in literature. As a result, 21 compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of C. cochinchinense, which were identified as cratocochine(1), 1-hydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyxanthone(2), 1-hydroxy-5,6,7-trimethoxyxanthone(3), ferrxanthone(4), 3,6-dihydroxy-1,5-dimethoxyxanthone(5), 3,6-dihydroxy-1,7-dimethoxyxanthone(6), 1,2,5-trihydroxy-6,8-dimethoxyxanthone(7), securixanthone G(8), gentisein(9), 3,7-dihydroxy-1-methoxyxanthone(10), pancixanthone B(11), garcimangosxanthone A(12), pruniflorone L(13), 9-hydroxy alabaxanthone(14), cochinchinone A(15), luteolin(16), 3,5'-dimethoxy-4',7-epoxy-8,3'-neolignane-5,9,9'-triol(17), N-benzyl-9-oxo-10E,12E-octadecadienamide(18), 15-hydroxy-7,13E-labdadiene(19), stigmasta-4,22-dien-3-one(20), and stigmast-5-en-3β-ol(21). Among these isolates, compound 1 was a new xanthone, compounds 2-5, 7, 8, 12, and 16-21 were isolated from the Cratoxylum plant for the first time, and compounds 11 and 13 were obtained from C. cochinchinense for the first time. Furthermore, all isolated compounds 1-21 were appraised for their anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities by MTS method through measuring their anti-proliferative effect on synoviocytes in vitro. As a result, xanthones 1-15 displayed notable anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities, which showed inhibitory effects on the proliferation of MH7A synoviocytes with the IC_(50) values ranging from(8.98±0.12) to(228.68±0.32) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Synoviocytes , Clusiaceae/chemistry , Xanthones/analysis , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Cell Proliferation , Arthritis
4.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 10-23, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study assesses the impact of iodine-rich processed foods and dining places on the iodine nutritional status of children.@*METHODS@#School-aged children (SAC) in seven provinces in China were selected by school-based multi-stage sampling. Urinary iodine, salt iodine, and thyroid volume (TVOL) were determined. Questionnaires were used to investigate dining places and iodine-rich processed foods. The water iodine was from the 2017 national survey. Multi-factor regression analysis was used to find correlations between variables.@*RESULTS@#Children ate 78.7% of their meals at home, 15.1% at school canteens, and 6.1% at other places. The percentage of daily iodine intake from water, iodized salt, iodine-rich processed foods, and cooked food were 1.0%, 79.2%, 1.5%, and 18.4%, respectively. The salt iodine was correlated with the urinary iodine and TVOL, respectively (r = 0.999 and -0.997, P < 0.05). The iodine intake in processed foods was weakly correlated with the TVOL (r = 0.080, P < 0.01). Non-iodized salt used in processed foods or diets when eating out had less effect on children's iodine nutrition status.@*CONCLUSION@#Iodized salt remains the primary source of daily iodine intake of SAC, and processed food has less effect on iodine nutrition. Therefore, for children, iodized salt should be a compulsory supplement in their routine diet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iodine , Sodium Chloride, Dietary/analysis , China , Water
5.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 700-704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985977

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cancer immunotherapy can lead to various side effects, termed immune-related adverse events (irAE). This study summarized and analyzed the clinical and pathological characteristics of immune-mediated liver injury caused by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ILICI). Methods: This is a retrospective case series study involving 11 patients diagnosed with ILICI at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from November 2019 to November 2021. Patient demographic information and clinical data, including gender, age, ILICI onset, clinical and radiological manifestations, pathological features, treatment, and resumption of ICI were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results: The patients were primarily males (9/11) with a median age of 65 (range: 32-73) years. ICI mainly resulted in either partial remission (4/11) or stable disease (3/11). ILICI occurred after a median of two cycles of anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) therapy, with a median time from the initial and last anti-PD-1 therapy to ILICI onset of 57 days and 17 days, respectively. ILICI was mostly severe (3/11) or very severe (6/11). While the clinical and radiological manifestations were non-specific, the pathological features were active lobular hepatitis and portal inflammation, with prominent CD8+T lymphocyte infiltration. The basic treatment was hepatoprotective drugs (10/11). Glucocorticoids were used as the primary therapy (9/11) but were ineffective in 4 of 9 cases. Of these, 3 of 9 cases received combined treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), only one of whom achieved remission. By the end of the study, 2 of 11 cases had resumed ICI and neither had experienced an ILICI relapse. Conclusion: The ILICI patients in this study had a corresponding history of ICI treatment and pathological features. The main treatment included hepatoprotective drugs and glucocorticoids. Immunosuppressive drugs were added for some cases but had poor efficacy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/adverse effects , Liver , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use
6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 481-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992625

ABSTRACT

Chronic refractory wound (CRW) is one of the most challengeable issues in clinic due to complex pathogenesis, long course of disease and poor prognosis. Experts need to conduct systematic summary for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW due to complex pathogenesis and poor prognosis, and standard guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW should be created. The Guideline forthe diagnosis and treatment of chronic refractory wounds in orthopedic trauma patients ( version 2023) was created by the expert group organized by the Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons, Chinese Orthopedic Association, Chinese Society of Traumatology, and Trauma Orthopedics and Multiple Traumatology Group of Emergency Resuscitation Committee of Chinese Medical Doctor Association after the clinical problems were chosen based on demand-driven principles and principles of evidence-based medicine. The guideline systematically elaborated CRW from aspects of the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, postoperative management, complication prevention and comorbidity management, and rehabilitation and health education, and 9 recommendations were finally proposed to provide a reliable clinical reference for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 386-391, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013867

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of Buyang Huanwu Decoction on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats by regulating autophagy through PI3K/AKT pathway. Methods The rats were randomly divided into five groups(n=10): sham operation group(Sham), model group(Model), Buyang Huanwu Decoction group(BYHWD), PI3K inhibitor group(LY294002)and Vehicle group(Vehicle). Except Sham group, the other groups were treated with 2h ischemia and 72 h reperfusion for modeling. The Zea Longa score was used to assess the neurological defects, HE was used to observe brain injury in the ischemic penumbra(IP), immunofluorescence was employed to detect LC3, and Western blot was used to detect pathway and autophagy marker proteins. Results Compared BYHWD group with model group, the neurological score of rats decreased, cerebral infarction volume decreased, the pathological lesions of brain IP were relieved, PI3K and p-AKT/AKT expression increased, and LC3Ⅱ/ decreased and p62 increased(P<0.05). The regulatory effect of BYHWD was weakened by LY294002(P<0.05). Conclusion Buyang Huanwu Decoction alleviates cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats by activating PI3K/AKT pathway to inhibit autophagy.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 560-568, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013835

ABSTRACT

Aim To predict the targets of Modified Danggui Shaoyao San ( MDSS) in the treatment of chronic atrophic gastritis ( CAG) based on network pharmacology and vertify the results based on experim-ention. Methods TCMSP, SWISS TARGETS, GENE CARDS and OMIM databases were used to screen the therapeutic targets of MDSS for CAG. STRING database and Cytoscape software were used to construct the protein interaction network and screen the core targets. Metascape database was used for GO analysis and KEGG enrichment pathways. And molecular docking was used for target validation. CAG rat model was pre¬pared by N-methyl-N'-nitroso-N-nitroguanidine free drink combined with sodium salicylate gastric lavage. The pathology of rat gastric mucosa was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining,and the ultrastructure of ep¬ithelial cells was observed by transmission electron mi-croscopy. The serum IL-6 and IL-10 content was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the expression of JAK2, STAT3 , p-STAT3 , c-MYC mRNA and protein in rats was detected by qPCR and Western blot. Results MDSS acted on 189 targets, mainly involved in response to oxidative stress and apoptotic signaling pathway. KEGG analysis related to pathways in cancer and JAK-STAT signaling pathway. The experimental results showed that the MDSS could improve the degree of atrophy of gastric mucosa in CAG rats and improve the status of epithelial cells, down-regulate the serum IL-6 content of CAG rats, up-regulate the IL-10 content, and reduce the expression of JAK2, STAT3 , p-STAT3 , c-MYC mRNA and protein in gastric mucosa with statistical significance. Conclusions MDSS treats CAG through multiple active ingredients, targets, and pathways, the mechanism of which may be related to the inhibition of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 237-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of relationship between the expression of miRNA181a-5p and imbalance of Treg/Th17 in the pathogenesis of primary immune thrombocytopenia(ITP), which contributes to clarify the mechanism of T cell immune imbalance in ITP patients.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood was collected from 37 ITP patients, concluding 21 untreated patients and 16 effectively treated patients, and 19 healthy controls; Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated and the expression of miRNA181a-5p and Notch1 was analyzed by RT-PCR. The proportion of Th17 subsets and Treg cells in the peripheral circulation was detected by flow cytometer (FCM). Clinical data of ITP group was collected, including age, platelet count and disease course.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-181a-5p was significantly decreased in ITP group than that of healthy control group (P<0.01). After effective treatment, the expression of miR-181a-5p was significantly higher than that of ITP group (P<0.05), but still significantly lower than that of healthy control group (P<0.01); The expression of Notch1 was significantly increased in ITP group and effectively treated group than that of healthy control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in proportion of Treg cells in ITP group, effectively treated group and healthy control group (P>0.05). The proportion of Th17 subsets in ITP group was significantly increased than that of healthy control group (P<0.05), while the ratio of Treg/Th17 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the expression of miR-181a-5p and ratio of Treg/Th17 in ITP group (r=0.555).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-181a-5p is significantly decreased in ITP patients, which is closely related to the imbalance of Treg/Th17 cells. After effective treatment, the expression of miR-181a-5p can be significantly corrected, but still failed to reach the level of healthy people. While the expression of Notch1 is significantly increased in ITP patients, and could not reach the level of healthy people after effective treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
10.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 31-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To automatically synthesize Al 18F-1, 4, 7-triazacyclononane-1, 4, 7-triacetic acid (NOTA)-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI)-04, perform PET/CT imaging in vivo, and evaluate its diagnostic efficacy on tumors. Methods:Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 was produced in All-in-one automatic synthesis module and its quality control was conducted by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) equipped with a radioactive detector. Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT imaging was performed in normal BALB/c mice ( n=3) and 4T1 breast cancer models ( n=3) to determine its biodistribution. Then Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were performed in a hepatocellular carcinoma patient (male, 51 years old). Results:The synthesis time of Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 was about 35 min, and the radiochemical yield was (25.2±1.9)% (attenuation correction, n=3). The product was colorless transparent solution with pH value of 7.0-7.5, and the specific activity was (46.11±3.07) GBq/μmol (attenuation correction, n=3). The radiochemical purity was above 99.0% and was still above 98.0% at room temperature after 6 h. PET/CT imaging in mice showed that physiological uptake of Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 was mainly in biliary system and bladder, and Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 highly concentrated in tumor xenografts. PET/CT imaging in the patient showed that Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 obtained high tumor background ratio (TBR) values of 4.1, 8.9, 5.4, 4.8, 2.2 in parasternal lymph nodes, anterior diaphragmatic lymph nodes, hilar lymph nodes, pancreaticoduodenal ligament lymph nodes, abdominal aortic lymph nodes, respectively, while TBR values were 1.0, 2.8, 5.0, 2.1, 1.1 by 18F-FDG. Conclusions:Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 can be synthesized with short time, high radiochemical yield and good stability using All-in-one module. Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT imaging has high contrast and excellent diagnostic efficacy on tumors.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 23-31, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932206

ABSTRACT

Lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is one of the main complications in patients with traumatic fractures, and for severe patients, the DVT can even affect arterial blood supply, resulting in insufficient limb blood supply. If the thrombus breaks off, pulmonary embolism may occur, with a high mortality. The treatment and rehabilitation strategies of thrombosis in patients with lower extremity fractures have its particularity. DVT in traumatic fractures patients has attracted extensive attention and been largely studied, and the measures for prevention and treatment of DVT are constantly developing. In recent years, a series of thrombosis prevention and treatment guidelines have been updated at home and abroad, but there are still many doubts about the prevention and treatment of DVT in patients with different traumatic fractures. Accordingly, on the basis of summarizing the latest evidence-based medical evidence at home and abroad and the clinical experience of the majority of experts, the authors summarize the clinical treatment and prevention protocols for DVT in patients with traumatic fractures, and make this consensus on the examination and assessment, treatment, prevention and preventive measures for DVT in patients with different fractures so as to provide a practicable approach suitable for China ′s national conditions and improve the prognosis and the life quality of patients.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 500-504, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932091

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the severity of sepsis caused by severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), improve the understanding of sepsis caused by different types of inflammatory reaction, and provide basis for clinical evaluation of condition and prognosis.Methods:From November 2018 to October 2020, 42 patients with SAP (SAP induced sepsis group) and 68 patients with CAP (CAP induced sepsis group) were selected from Beijing Shunyi Hospital and Dongzhimen Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese medicine. All patients met the diagnostic criteria of sepsis-3 in 2016. The clinical data were analyzed retrospectively, and the indexes, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Enquiry (APACHE Ⅱ) score and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score at different time points between the two groups were compared. The correlation between APACHE Ⅱ score and SOFA score and other indicators was analyzed.Results:(1) The mortality rate of SAP induced sepsis group was significantly lower than that of CAP induced sepsis group (2.38% vs 41.18%, P<0.001). The APACHE Ⅱ score and SOFA score of SAP induced sepsis group on the 1st, 3rd and 7th day of hospitalization were significantly lower than those of CAP induced sepsis group at the same time point (APACHE Ⅱ: 10.55±1.16 vs 18.51±0.69, P<0.001, 8.78±0.79 vs 15.45±1.12, P<0.001, 7.77±0.77 vs 12.98±1.08, P<0.001; SOFA: 3.71±0.53 vs 5.57±0.37, P<0.001, 3.24±0.44 vs 5.21±0.52, P<0.001, 2.87±0.14 vs 5.19±0.55, P<0.001). (2) In SAP-induced sepsis group, APACHE Ⅱ score was correlated with lactic acid(Lac), platelet (PLT), PCO 2, creatinine (Cr), aspartate transaminase (AST) and SOFA score, while SOFA score was correlated with Lac, C-reactive protein (CRP), PLT, PO 2, PCO 2, Cr, AST, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and APACHE Ⅱ score. In CAP-induced sepsis group, APACHE Ⅱ score was correlated with SOFA score. Conclusions:The combination of APACHE Ⅱ score, SOFA score and different clinical indexes has a good indication for judging the severity and prognosis of sepsis patients with different pathogenesis.

13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 137-142, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the therapeutic effect and safety of acupoint thread embedding therapy in treatment of simple obesity of stomach heat and damp obstruction.@*METHODS@#A total of 144 patients with simple obesity of stomach heat and damp obstruction were randomized into an acupoint thread embedding group (72 cases, 3 cases dropped off and 1 case removed) and a sham-embedding group (72 cases, 6 cases dropped off and 3 cases removed). On the base of the lifestyle adjustment, the acupoint thread embedding therapy with PGLA thread was applied to Tianshu (ST 25), Zhongwan (CV 12), Ganshu (BL 18), Shuidao (ST 28), etc. in the acupoint thread embedding group, while in the sham-embedding group, the acupoint selection and operation were all same as the acupoint thread embedding group, but without PGLA thread embedded. In either group, the treatment was given once every 2 weeks, consecutively for 12 weeks and the follow-up was conducted for 3 months after treatment. Separately, before and after treatment as well as in follow-up, the obesity indices (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference [WC], waist-to-hip ratio [WHR] and fat percentage [F%]) were observed in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the indices of blood glucose and insulin (fasting blood glucose [FBG], fasting insulin [FINS] and insulin resistance index [HOMA-IR]), adipocyte factor indices (adiponectin, leptin [LP] and serine protease inhibitor [Vaspin]) and inflammatory factor indices (tumor nercosis factor [TNF-α], interleukin-1β [IL-1β] and interleukin-6 [IL-6]) were observed separately in the two groups. The therapeutic effect and safety were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, except WC and WHR in the sham-embedding group, BMI, WC, WHR and F% were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the values in the acupoint thread embedding group were lower than the sham-embedding group (P<0.01). After treatment, except FBG, LP and Vaspin in the sham-embedding group, FBG, FINS, HOMA-IR, LP and Vaspin were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05), and adiponectin was increased as compared with that before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05); the improvements in the acupoint thread embedding group were more significant than the sham-embedding group (P<0.01). After treatment, the levels of serum TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in the acupoint thread embedding group were reduced as compared with the values before treatment and those in the sham-embedding group separately (P<0.01). The total effective rate was 89.7% (61/68) in the acupoint thread embedding group, higher than 19.0% (12/63) in the sham-embedding group (P<0.01). There was no severe adverse reaction reported in the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupoint thread embedding therapy with PGLA thread can alleviate obesity, regulate glucose metabolism and adipocyte factors activity, improve insulin resistance and inhibit the expression of pro-inflammatory factors in the patients with simple obesity with stomach heat and damp obstruction, and this therapy presents a satisfactory safety in treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Body Mass Index , Hot Temperature , Obesity/therapy , Stomach
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1543-1545, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940019

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the effect of conbercept combined with laser photocoagulation on patients with macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion.METHODS: According to the random number table method, 102 patients(102 eyes)with macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion who treated in our hospital from January 2019 to June 2021 were divided into observation group and control group. There were 51 patients(51 eyes)in each group. The control group was treated with laser photocoagulation and the observation group was treated with conbercept combined with laser photocoagulation. The macular foveal retinal thickness, best corrected visual acuity and incidence of complications were compared among the patients of two groups.RESULTS: After treatment at 3mo, the retinal thickness of macular fovea in the observation group was lower than that in the control group(P&#x003C;0.05), the best corrected visual acuity in the observation group was higher than that in the control group(P&#x003C;0.05). The incidence of complications was not different between the two groups(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION:The effect of conbercept combined with laser photocoagulation for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion is remarkable to reduce the retinal thickness of macular fovea and improve the vision of patients and the complications did not increase compared with retinal laser photocoagulation therapy alone, which were safe and effective.

15.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 494-505, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939914

ABSTRACT

Impaired immunomodulatory capacity and oxidative stress are the key factors limiting the effectiveness of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation therapy. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of jujuboside A (JuA) on the protective effect and immunomodulatory capacity of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). Hydrogen peroxide was used to establish an oxidative damage model of hUC-MSCs, while PBMCs isolated from rats were used to evaluate the effect of JuA pre-treatment on the immunomodulatory capacity of hUC-MSCs. Furthermore, Hoechst 33258 staining, lactate dehydrogenase test, measurement of malondialdehyde, Western blot, high-performance liquid chromatography; and flow cytometry were performed. Our results indicated that JuA (25 μmol·L-1) promoted the proliferation of hUC-MSCs, but did not affect the differentiating capability of these cells. JuA pre-treatment inhibited apoptosis, prevented oxidative damage, and up-regulated the protein expression of nuclear factor-erythroid factor 2-related factor 2 and heme oxygenase 1 in hUC-MSCs in which oxidative stress was induced with H2O2. In addition, JuA pre-treatment enhanced the inhibitory effect of hUC-MSCs against abnormally activated PBMCs, which was related to stimulation of the expression and activity of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that JuA pre-treatment can enhance the survival and immunomodulatory ability through pathways related to oxidative stress, providing a new option for the improvement of hUC-MSCs in the clinical setting.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Oxidative Stress , Saponins , Umbilical Cord/metabolism
16.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 128-131, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938816

ABSTRACT

Refractory Crohn’s-like enterocutaneous fistula indicates the aggressive manifestation and lead to poor prognosis of patients. The development of multidisciplinary strategies for fistula administration largely subjects to the deficiency of animal model for disease remodeling and the underlying pathogenic mechanism. For the purpose, infected anal fistula model was conducted by BLV single-core electrolytic aluminum combined with dextran sodium sulfate. Notably, the inflammatory granulation tissue and inflammatory cell infiltration in the perianal tissue were arised on day 7 of the model by utilizing the Hematoxylin–eosin staining. With the aid of magnetic resonance imaging and signals of high-brightness. We intuitively observed the thickening and edema appeared in the fistula wall, which collectively suggested the formation of a fistula in the perianal area of the rat. Distinguish from the current models of anal fistula modeling including the body surface of fistula, backside of fistula and drainage wire of fistula, our model revealed multifaceted advantages such as quicker generation, higher modeling rate, preferable stability, better consistency, cost-effective, and in particular, more convenient to mimic clinical manifestations of anal fistula.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1896-1901, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014260

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of Buyang Huanwu decoction on the expression of silencing regulation factor 1(SIRT1)protein in cortical area and the possible mechanism of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury(CIRI)via establishing middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO)model. Methods SD rats were randomly divided into sham group(Sham), model group(MCAO/R), Buyang huanwu decoction group(BYHWT), and atorvastatin group(Atorvastatin), with 15 rats in each group. After 2 h ischemia/reperfusion for 72 h and drug intervention, the model was successfully constructed by using laser speckle blood flow monitoring video system. Zea Longa neurological function score was used to evaluate the neurological defects of rats after modeling. TTC staining was used to detect infarct volume. Nissl staining was used to observe the injury of nerve cells. Western blot was employed to detect the SIRT1 protein expression level. Immunofluorescence was applied to detect the fluorescence expression of SIRT1. Results Compared with sham group, the neurological deficits of MCAO/R group were serious(P<0.05). Cerebral infarction volume increased(P<0.05). The nerve cells were severely damaged, disordered, with the nucleus pyknosis(P<0.05). SIRT1 protein expression was reduced(P<0.05). The fluorescence intensity of SIRT1 decreased(P<0.05). Compared with MCAO/R group, the neurological impairment degree of rats in BYHWT and Atorvastatin groups was reduced(P<0.05). The proportion of cerebral infarction volume decreased(P<0.05). The injury of nerve cells was significantly reduced and the number of nerve cells increased(P<0.05). The expression of SIRT1 protein was up-regulated(P<0.05). Fluorescence intensity of SIRT1 increased(P<0.05). Conclusions Buyang huanwu decoction can effectively alleviate brain injury in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion rats, and its protective effect may be related to the increase of SIRT1 protein expression in the ischemic cortical region.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 147-152, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014185

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of Buyang huanwu decoction attenuating cerebral ischemia-reper- fusion injury in rats by regulating autophagv through AMPK/mTOR/ULKl signaling pathway.Methods Left eerebral ischemia model in rats was established by modified thread ocelusion method, then the rats in each group were given medieine onee every 24 hours for 3 times.After 72 hours of reperfusion, the nerve injury and the changes of cerebral infarction volume were observed; the morphology, number and apoptosis of nerve cells were observed by Nissl staining and TUNEL staining; the expression of autophagy protein and AMPK/mTOR/LJLKl autophagy signaling pathway related proteins were detected by Western blot.Results Buyang huanwu decoction could improve the neurological deficit of rats, reduce the volume of cere bral infarction and neuronal apoptosis, reduce the pathological injury of brain tissues, inhibit the phosphorylation activation of AMPK, relieve the inhibition of AMPK on downstream mTOR and LJLK1 , promote the phosphorylation activation of both, and inhibit autophagy.AMPK agonist metformin increased the level of autophagy and reversed the protective effect of Buyang huanwu decoction on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.Conclusion Buyang huanwu decoction mediates AMPK/mTOR/ULKl autophagy signaling pathway to play a neuroprotective effect on cerebral is- chemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

19.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 949-954, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909548

ABSTRACT

Anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental health problems, with a high burden of disease, high morbidity and poor adherence to medication. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based type of psychotherapy that works well for anxiety disorders, but it differs greatly across individuals. Studies have shown that the efficacy of CBT for anxiety disorders is related to a variety of genes, and these genes play different roles in the efficacy of CBT. There are few relatively studies in China. By exploring the possible mechanism of these genes in the effect of CBT in patients with anxiety disorders, biological markers of anxiety disorders can be further explored, which can provide reference for domestic research in this field and be applied to the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety disorders. This paper summarized the efficacy of CBT in the treatment of anxiety disorders through HPA axis related genes, 5-hydroxytryptamine system related genes, monoamine oxidase system related genes, and neurodevelopmental related genes, and found that these genes were related to the efficacy of CBT in the treatment of anxiety disorders. It mainly included methylation of FK506 binding protein 5 promoter, methylation and polymorphism of 5-HT transporter gene, gene polymorphism of tryptophan hydroxylase 2, gene polymorphism of catechol oxymethyltransferase, and gene polymorphism of monoamine oxidase A, and so on. By studying the relationship between genetics and CBT efficacy in anxiety disorders, we can explore the related loop of how pathogenic genes of anxiety disorders affect CBT efficacy, further clarify the mechanism of genetic factors in the occurrence and development of anxiety disorders, and explore the genetic predictors of CBT efficacy.

20.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 582-590, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921378

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#A study was conducted to investigate the clinical effects of oral digital design on the aesthetic restoration of anterior teeth of cleft lip/palate patients.@*METHODS@#Nine adult cleft lip/palate patients who need aesthetic restoration of anterior teeth were recruited. Digital information of patients' dental arches, the surrounding soft tissue and face were captured by digital camera and scanner. The aesthetic analysis and design were conducted using keynote and 3shape software and were demonstrated to the patients. The optimized treatment plan was ensured by communicating with the patients. Digital wax-up models were exported and printed into resin diagnostic models, which were then utilized in the treatment process to guide the doctors and the technicians in tooth preparation and in making the final restorations, respectively. The adhesive procedure was completed after satisfactory try-in. Aesthetics assessment was conducted in accordance with the anterior esthetic evaluation form. The scores of patient's satisfaction were recorded on a questionnaire containing six items of aesthetic index and doctor-patient communication. Patients were interviewed and examined after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively, and the clinical effects of restorations were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#All nine patients had satisfactory clinical results. The aesthetic defects of the patients were effectively addressed. All treatments met the requirements of the preoperative digital designs. The patients' scores were all above 90 on the satisfaction scale. At 12 months after the operation, the clinical effects of restorations of all cases achieved A class in each evaluation indicator.@*CONCLUSIONS@#For cleft lip/palate patients with esthetic defect in the anterior teeth, the digital design plays an important role in optimizing the treatment plan and guides the whole treatment process. This design can help clinicians achieve predictable satisfactory aesthetic results.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Esthetics , Tooth
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