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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878993

ABSTRACT

An UPLC-MS/MS method for rapid and simultaneous determination of psoralen, isopsoralen, apigenin, genistein, bavaisoflavone, neobavaisoflavone, bavachin, bavachinin, psoralenoside, and isopsoralenoside of Psoraleae Fructus in beagle dog plasma was established, and then the method was applied in the pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract to beagle dogs. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by the software of WinNonlin. A Waters HSS-T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.8 μm)was used for liquid chromatography separation with acetonitrile-water(containing 0.004% formic acid) as the mobile phase for gradient elution.The mass spectrometry was detected using electrospray ion source(ESI) under multi-reaction monitoring mode(MRM), as well as positive ion mode. Analysis time only takes 8.5 min. The methodological study in terms of specificity, accuracy, precision, linear range, recovery, matrix effect, and stability, was validated. The LC-MS analysis method established in this experiment was simple, specific, accurate, reliable, and meet the requirement of pharmacokinetic study in plasma after administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract to beagle dogs. Six beagle dogs received intragastric administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract, T_(max) of 10 chemical components is 1.92-5.67 h; among them, C_(max) of psoralen, isopsoralen, psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside is 383-3 613 ng·mL~(-1), and AUC_(0-∞) is 3 556-18 949 ng·h·mL~(-1), t_(1/2) is 2.45-4.83 h. C_(max) of the remaining six compounds is 0.81-19.9 ng·mL~(-1), AUC_(0-∞ )is 6.54-178 ng·h·mL~(-1), t_(1/2) is 2.95-7.29 h. The UPLC-MS/MS analysis method established in this study was proved to be accurate and sensitive that it can be applied to the pharmacokinetic study of beagle dogs after oral administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Dogs , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plasma , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802088

ABSTRACT

Psoraleae Fructus (Buguzhi) is dried mature fruit of Psoralea corylifolia. It is spicy and bitter in favor and warm in nature, and distributed to kidney and spleen meridians. Psoralea Fructus has the effects of warming kidney and tonifying Yang,absorbing Qi and relieving asthma,warming spleen and stopping diarrhea; for external use,it can remove beverage. It is mainly used to treat impotence and nocturnal emission cold and knee pain,kidney deficiency and asthma caused by kidney Yang deficiency; for external use, it can treat vitiligo and alopecia areata. Its principle chemical components are coumarins,monoterpene phenols,flavonoids,with an estrogen-like effect as well as anti-inflammatory,antibacterial,antifungal,anti-oxidation,anti-tumor and immunomodulatory activities, and can be used for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis,bacterial infections,asthma and osteoarthritis. However,the long-term administration with large doses of psoralen have the potential risk of causing liver damage,with phototoxicity,nephrotoxicity and reproductive toxicity,which restricts its application in clinical therapy. Therefore,it is essential to fully understand the chemical composition and mechanism of psoralen. Through the review and summarization of literatures about psoralen at home and abroad,this article systematically reviews the chemical constituents and toxicity of Psoralea Fructus, provides Chinese and English names,structural formulas,molecular formulas,molecular weights,CAS numbers of the compounds and the toxicity information about psoralen reported in recent years, in order to provide a reference for further study on the compositional spectrum and pharmacokinetics,toxic kinetic studies and clinical medication safety of psoralen.

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