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Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 896-901, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013194


Objective: To describe the current status and trends in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) among very preterm infants (VPI) admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICU) of the Chinese Neonatal Network (CHNN) from 2019 to 2021, and to compare the differences in PDA treatment among these units. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study based on the CHNN VPI cohort, all of 22 525 VPI (gestational age<32 weeks) admitted to 79 tertiary NICU within 3 days of age from 2019 to 2021 were included. The overall PDA treatment rates were calculated, as well as the rates of infants with different gestational ages (≤26, 27-28, 29-31 weeks), and pharmacological and surgical treatments were described. PDA was defined as those diagnosed by echocardiography during hospitalization. The PDA treatment rate was defined as the number of VPI who had received medication treatment and (or) surgical ligation of PDA divided by the number of all VPI. Logistic regression was used to investigate the changes in PDA treatment rates over the 3 years and the differences between gestational age groups. A multivariate Logistic regression model was constructed to compute the standardized ratio (SR) of PDA treatment across different units, to compare the rates after adjusting for population characteristics. Results: A total of 22 525 VPI were included in the study, with a gestational age of 30.0 (28.6, 31.0) weeks and birth weight of 1 310 (1 100, 1 540) g; 56.0% (12 615) of them were male. PDA was diagnosed by echocardiography in 49.7% (11 186/22 525) of all VPI, and the overall PDA treatment rate was 16.8% (3 795/22 525). Of 3 762 VPI who received medication treatment, the main first-line medication used was ibuprofen (93.4% (3 515/3 762)) and the postnatal day of first medication treatment was 6 (4, 10) days of age; 59.3% (2 231/3 762) of the VPI had been weaned from invasive respiratory support during the first medication treatment, and 82.2% (3 092/3 762) of the infants received only one course of medication treatment. A total of 143 VPI underwent surgery, which was conducted on 32 (22, 46) days of age. Over the 3 years from 2019 to 2021, there was no significant change in the PDA treatment rate in these VPI (P=0.650). The PDA treatment rate decreased with increasing gestational age (P<0.001). The PDA treatment rates for VPI with gestational age ≤26, 27-28, and 29-31 weeks were 39.6% (688/1 737), 25.9% (1 319/5 098), and 11.4% (1 788/15 690), respectively. There were 61 units having a total number of VPI≥100 cases, and their rates of PDA treatment were 0 (0/116)-47.4% (376/793). After adjusting for population characteristics, the range of standardized ratios for PDA treatment in the 61 units was 0 (95%CI 0-0.3) to 3.4 (95%CI 3.1-3.8). Conclusions: From 2019 to 2021, compared to the peers in developed countries, VPI in CHNN NICU had a different PDA treatment rate; specifically, the VPI with small birth gestational age had a lower treatment rate, while the VPI with large birth gestational age had a higher rate. There are significant differences in PDA treatment rates among different units.

Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Humans , Female , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/drug therapy , Infant, Premature , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ibuprofen/therapeutic use , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Persistent Fetal Circulation Syndrome , Infant, Premature, Diseases/therapy
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 99-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961835


ObjectiveTo explore the value of MRI ovarian-adnexal reporting and data system (O-RADS MRI) in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian-adnexal masses.MethodsTotally 146 patients (202 masses) with ovarian-adnexal lesions who underwent pelvic examination at 3.0 T MRI according to standardized scan protocol of O-RADS MRI and were pathologically confirmed in The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2020 and February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Two radiologists classified the ovarian-adnexal masses as risk levels 1~5 according to O-RADS MRI and evaluated their consistency by Cohen’s kappa. Using pathological findings as the gold standard, the detection yield of malignant lesions with O-RADS MRI classification was analyzed. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were calculated (cutoff for malignancy, score ≥ 4).ResultsOf 202 masses, 62 (30.7%) were malignant, 140 (69.3%) were benign. The two radiologists presented good agreement in O-RADS MRI classification of ovarian adnexal masses (Kappa=0.932). The malignancy rates of masses with scores of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 were 0%, 0%, 7.7%, 95%, 97.6%, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 96.8% (60/62), 98.6% (138/140), 98.0% (198/202), 0.977.ConclusionsO-RADS MRI yields high diagnostic efficiency for benign and malignant ovarian adnexal masses and its widespread implementation will improve communication between radiologists and clinicians, and facilitate optimal patient management. Therefore, O-RADS MRI warrants widespread use in clinical setting.

Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1022-1027, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009841


OBJECTIVES@#To explore the correlation between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of rs3135388, rs114293611 and rs142804168 of HLA-DRB1 gene and early-onset severe preeclampsia (sPE).@*METHODS@#Blood samples were collected from 102 early-onset sPE mothers and their neonates (sPE group), as well as 120 normotensive mothers and their neonates (control group). Sanger sequencing was performed to compare the genotype distribution, allele frequencies, and differences in genotype distribution after maternal-infant compatibility between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Statistically significant differences in genotype distribution at rs114293611 of HLA-DRB1 gene were observed between sPE and control groups in both mothers and neonates (P<0.05). The frequency of the T allele at rs114293611 was higher in the sPE group of neonates than that in the control group (P<0.05), while no significant difference was found between the two groups of mothers (P>0.05). The maternal-infant genotype compatibility analysis showed significant differences in genotype distribution between sPE and control groups (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in genotype distribution and allele frequencies at rs3135388 and rs142804168 of HLA-DRB1 gene between the two groups of mothers and neonates (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The SNP at rs114293611 of HLA-DRB1 gene may be associated with the development of early-onset sPE in mothers. Maternal-infant genotype compatibility abnormality at rs114293611 of HLA-DRB1 gene may be a predisposition factor for the development of sPE.

Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , HLA-DRB1 Chains/genetics , Pre-Eclampsia/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Alleles