Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799357

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the application of calcium suppressed (CaSupp) spectral CT technique in evaluating disk position and measuring the thickness of the posterior band of temporomandibular joint (TMJ).@*Methods@#The twenty-three temporomandibular disorder patients [mean age 23(12~62) years, male/female=14/9] were performed with oblique sagittal and coronal proton density weighted imaging (PDWI) and spectral CT scans from February to July, 2019 in Department of Radiology, Hainan Hospital of General Hospital of Chinese PLA, and 45 TMJ joints were evaluated. The subjects were classified into two groups according to the scanning modalities: MRI measurement group and CaSupp spectral-based CT group. The CaSupp technique were applied with the spectral-based CT images and CaSupp images were generated. The oblique sagittal and coronal CaSupp imaged were reformatted by perpendicular to the long axis of the condyle. The TMJ disk positions were evaluated on oblique sagittal and coronal images, and the maximal disk thickness were measured on the oblique sagittal images.@*Results@#The joint position was basically consistent on MRI and CaSupp images for the 45 TMJ joints. The intra-class coefficient value was 0.843 (0.712, 0.914) for the measurement of the posterior band of the TMJ disk between MRI and CaSupp images. Bland-Altman presented that the [95.6% (43/45)] points with the difference located in the 95% agreement interval. Wilcoxon paired text demonstrated that there was no significant different for the thickness of the posterior band between MRI [2.57 (1.76, 3.65) mm] and CaSupp images [2.67 (1.74, 4.56) mm] (P=0.07).@*Conclusions@#The CaSupp spectral-based CT could be used to evaluated the TMJ disk position and the thickness of the posterior band.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880815

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the intra- and inter-scanner reproducibility of quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) of cerebral subcortical nuclei in healthy adults.@*METHODS@#QSM was performed in 21 healthy adults on two different 3.0T MR scanners, and the region of interest (ROI) method was used to measure the magnetic susceptibility value of the left subcortical nuclei (the head of the caudate, putamen, globus pallidus, thalamus, substantia nigra and red nucleus). The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman method were used to evaluate the inter-scanner and intra-scanner reliability.@*RESULTS@#The ICCs of the susceptibility value ranged from 0.90 to 0.99 for all the subcortical gray nuclei except for the head of the caudate nucleus measured on the same MR scanner by the same observer. Bland-Altman analysis revealed that the points with susceptibility differences for all the subcortical gray nuclei except for substantia nigra located in the 95% CI of limits of agreement for the same MR scanner. The ICCs of the susceptibility value for the inter-scanner was 0.49 (0.08-0.75) for the head of the caudate nuleus, 0.80 (0.57-0.91) for the putamen, 0.77 (0.51-0.90) for the globus pallidus, 0.78 (0.54-0.91) for the thalamus, 0.80 (0.56-0.91) for the substantia nigra and 0.93 (0.83-0.97) for the red nucleus. The points with susceptibility difference (95.2%, 20/21) located in the 95% CI of limits of agreement for the putamen and the thalamus measured on two different MR scanners.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The intra-scanner reproducibility of QSM of the subcortical gray nuclei is superior to the inter-scanner reproducibility in healthy adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Gray Matter , Humans , Iron , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Substantia Nigra/diagnostic imaging
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 522-526, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805696

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the mandibular condylar location and morphology in the temporomandibular joint disorders.@*Methods@#One hundred thirty-seven TMD patients (age 37.5±16.1 years, male/female=39/98) were performed with MRI scan for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) from November, 2011 to April, 2019 in Department of Radiology,Hainan Hospital of General Hospital of Chinese PLA and General Hospital of Chinese PLA. The patients were classified into 3 groups according the disc displacement: disc without displacement (DWoD) (185 TMJ), disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) (17 TMJ) and disc displacement without reduction (DDWoR) (72 TMJ). The location (anterior position, central position and posterior position) and morphology (oval shape, flat shape and beaklike shape) of the condylar head were observed on the sagittal PDWI, and the long and short axes were measured on the axial T2WI. Another groups were classified into 3 subgroups according to the disc displacement of bilateral TMJ: bilateral normal disc location (biND) (74 cases), unilateral disc displacement (uniDD) (40 cases) and bilateral disc displacement (23 cases). The inter-condyle angle was measured on the axial T2WI.@*Results@#There was no significant difference for the location of condylar head among DWoD, DDWR and DDwoR groups (χ2=7.435, P=0.115). The rate for flat condylar shape was significantly higher in DWoD group [83.9%(115/137)] than that in DDWoR group [50.7%(34/67)], and the rate for beaklike condylar shape was significantly lower in DWoD group [16.1%(22/137)] than that in DDWoR group [49.3%(33/67)] (χ2=23.521, P<0.001). The length of long axis presented significantly longer in DWoD group [(17.2±2.4) mm] than that in DDWR group [(15.4±2.0) mm] and that in DDWoR group [(14.7±2.7) mm] (P<0.05). The length of short axis presented significantly longer in DWoD group [(7.3±1.2) mm] than that in DDWR group [(6.5±1.3) mm] and that in DDWoR group [(6.1±1.4) mm] (P<0.05). The inter-condyle angle presented significantly larger in biND group (136°±13°) and uniDD group (132°±14°) than that inbiDD group (124°±17°) (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The mandibular condylar morphology changes significantly presented in the patients with temporomandibular disc displacement for the temporomandibular disorders.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696363

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplan-tation(haplo-HSCT)treatment in children with hematological diseases.Methods Fifty-nine cases of less than 14 years old children with hematonosis were analyzed retrospectively,who were enrolled in the Aerospace Central Hospital from July 2012 to June 2016.And the evaluation was carried out by analyzing the success rate of implantation,occu-rrence rate of graft versus host disease(GVHD),infection rate and transplant related mortality(TRM),cumulative re-currence rate,overall survival rate(OS)and disease-free survival rate(DFS).Results In total of 59 cases,the 59 engraftments were successfully transplanted,the median time of leukocyte engraftment was 18(8-23)days,the median time of platelet engraftment was 21(11-68)days,the bone marrow was assessed 28 days after transplanta-tion,which showed that 59 patients achieved complete remission(CR)and DNA test confirmed complete donor chime-rism.With a median of follow-up time of 19(5-56)months,the cumulative recurrence rates ofⅠ,Ⅱgrade andⅢ,Ⅳ grade acute GVHD were(38.3 ± 6.3)%(23 cases)and(16.7 ± 4.8)%(10 cases),respectively,the chronic GVHD cumulative recurrence rate was(65.6 ± 7.5)%(30 cases),the cytomegalovirus(CMV)viremia cumulative recurrence rate was(45.1 ± 6.5)%(27 cases),the Epstein-Barr virus(EBV)viremia cumulative recurrence rate was(10.0 ± 3.9)%(6 cases),the viral cystitis cumulative recurrence rate was(20.0 ± 5.5)%(12 cases),the transplant related mortality was(12.8 ± 6.0)%,the 2-year cumulative recurrence rate of CR group was(8.0 ± 5.4)%,and that of non-remission(NR)group was(64.1 ± 11.9)%.The 2-year OS of CR group was(78.9 ± 7.5)%,the 2-year OS of NR group was(32.5 ± 12.9)%,the 2-year DFS of CR group was(79.5 ± 9.8)%,the 2 years DFS of NR group was(27.4 ± 7.9)%.Conclusions Haplo-HSCT is safe and effective in treating children with hematonosis,and haplo-HSCT has high survival rate and low recurrent,especially when transplantation is per-formed in the remission stage.But the prognosis of haplo-HSCT is poor in the refractory and relapsed patients,and to explore the preventing recurrence measures are very urgent.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The periaqueductal gray matter (PAG), a small midbrain structure, presents dysfunction in migraine. However, the precise neurological mechanism is still not well understood. Herein, the aim of this study was to investigate the texture characteristics of altered PAG in episodic migraine (EM) patients based on high resolution brain structural magnetic resonance (MR) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The brain structural MR images were obtained from 18 normal controls (NC), 18 EM patients and 16 chronic migraine (CM) patients using a 3T MR system. A PAG template was created using the International Consortium Brain Mapping 152 gray matter model, and the individual PAG segment was developed by applying the deformation field from the structural image segment to the PAG template. A grey level co-occurrence matrix was used to calculate the texture parameters including the angular second moment (ASM), contrast, correlation, inverse difference moment (IDM) and entropy. RESULTS: There was a significant difference for ASM, IDM and entropy in the EM group (998.629 ± 0.162 × 10−3, 999.311 ± 0.073 × 10−3, 916.354 ± 0.947 × 10−5) compared to that found in the NC group (998.760 ± 0.110 × 10−3, 999.358 ± 0.037 × 10−3 and 841.198 ± 0.575 × 10−5) (p < 0.05). The entropy was significantly lower among the patients with CM (864.116 ± 0.571 × 10−5) than that found among patients with EM (p < 0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.776 and 0.750 for ASM and entropy in the distinction of the EM from NC groups, respectively. ASM was negatively related to disease duration (DD) and the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale (MIDAS) scores in the EM group, and entropy was positively related to DD and MIDAS in the EM group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The present study identified altered MR image texture characteristics of the PAG in EM. The identified texture characteristics could be considered as imaging biomarkers for EM.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Brain , Brain Mapping , Entropy , Gray Matter , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mesencephalon , Migraine Disorders , Periaqueductal Gray , ROC Curve
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609155

ABSTRACT

Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic value of diffusion weighted imaging with high b value in acute cerebral microinfarcts.Materials and Methods Conventional MRI and diffusion weighted imaging with standard b value (b=1000 s/mm2) and high b value (b=3000 s/mm2) were performed in the 7 patients with acute cerebral infarction,and all the images were evaluated.The signal to noise ration (SNR) and contrast to noise ration (CNR) were measured.Results Five patients were detected much more microinfarcts in high b value as HB group than that in standard b value as SB group.The SNR and CNR were significantly higher in high b value group than that in standard b value group (P<0.05),but the apparent diffusion coefficient value showed no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05).Conclusion DWI with high b value could sensitively detect acute cerebral microinfarcts with high clinical value.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281415

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study is to investigate the cerebral cortical thickness changes in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using a whole brain cortical thickness mapping system based on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Methods High resolution three-dimensional T1-weighted fast spoiled gradient recalled echo MR images were obtained from 16 patients with T2DM, as well as from 16 normal controls. The whole brain cortical thickness maps were generated, and the cortical thickness of each brain region was calculated according to gyral based regions of interest (ROI) using an automated labeling system by the Freesurfer software. We compared mean cortical thickness at each brain region by the analysis of covariance with age and sex as covariates. The regional difference of the cortical thickness over the whole brain was compared by the analysis of surface-based cortical thickness.Results Mean cortical thicknesses analysis showed bilateral cerebrum in the patients with T2DM (left: 2.52±0.07 mm; right: 2.51±0.08 mm) were significant thinner than those in the normal controls (left: 2.56±0.09 mm; right: 2.56±0.09 mm) (both P<0.05). Regional cortical thinning in T2DM was demonstrated in the paracentral lobule, postcentral gyrus, lateral occipital gyrus, lingual gyrus, precuneus, superior temporal gyrus, middle temporal gyrus, inferior temporal gyrus and posterior cingulate gyrus, compared to the normal controls. The cortical thickness of left middle cingulate and right inferior temporal gyrus were negatively correlated with the disease course.Conclusion A widespread cortical thinning was revealed in patients with T2DM by the analysis of brain cortical thickness on MR. Our finding supports the idea that T2DM could lead to subtle diabetic brain structural changes.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cerebral Cortex , Pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Pilot Projects
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312631

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate early occult brain functional damage in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>High-resolution three-dimensional T1-weighted fast spoiled gradient recalled echo MRI and resting-state functional MRI images were obtained from 18 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 18 normal control subjects. Regional homogeneity (ReHo) map, amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) map, and functional connectivity map of the bilateral hippocampus and posterior cingulate gyrus were calculated and voxel-based analysis was performed using two-sample t-test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In type 2 diabetic patients, decreased ReHo was deteted in the right thalamus, hippocampus, olfactory cortex and left putamen as compared with the normal controls. The decreased ALFF was found mainly in the left middle frontal gyrus, right supramarginal gyrus and middle occipital gyrus in the diabetic patients. The patients showed reduced functional connectivity between the bilateral hippocampus but not between the bilateral posterior gyrus and the other brain regions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The occult brain damage is featured by decreased ReHo and ALFF in multiple brain regions and reduced functional connectivity between the bilateral hippocampus in type 2 diabetic patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Brain , Pathology , Brain Injuries , Brain Mapping , Case-Control Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Pathology , Frontal Lobe , Gyrus Cinguli , Hippocampus , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592763

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of FIESTA sequence for the abdominal scanning of the patient undergoing uneffective respiratory triggering. Methods 40 cases undergoing uneffective respiratory triggering were adopted as the subjects. GE SIGNA 1.5T and fat-suppressed technique got involved in. Two chief physicians and two associate chief technologists compared the image quality and the lesion detective rate. Results FIESTA sequence was better than FSE T2WI in the aspect of image quality, but worse in lesion detective rate. Conclusion FIESTA sequence is clinically valuable for the abdominal scanning of patient undergoing unffective respiratory triggering.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL