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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870217

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of aminolevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in condyloma acuminatum (CA) tissues.Methods A total of 56 patients with CA were enrolled from Department of Dermatology,The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2016 to September 2017,and skin lesions were obtained before and 1 week after the first ALA-PDT treatment.Immunohistochemical SP method was used to determine the expression of VEGF and PCNA in keratinocytes in the CA tissues.Chi-square test and rank sum test were carried out to analyze differences between pre-and post-treatment expression rate and intensity of VEGF and PCNA,and Spearman correlation analysis was conducted to analyze the correlations between the protein expression of VEGF and PCNA.Results The expression rates of VEGF and PCNA in keratinocytes in the CA tissues were 71.43% (40/56) and 73.21% (41/56) respectively before ALA-PDT,and 44.64% (25/56) and 41.07% (23/46)respectively after ALA-PDT.There were significant differences between pre-and post-treatment expression rate and intensity of VEGF and PCNA (expression rate:x2 =8.25,11.81 respectively,both P < 0.05;expression intensity:H =11.29,12.22 respectively,both P < 0.05).The expression of VEGF was positively correlated with the expression of PCNA in the CA tissues before and after the ALA-PDT treatment (rs =0.202,0.273,respectively,both P < 0.05).Conclusion The expression of VEGF and PCNA decreased in CA tissues after ALA-PDT treatment,which may be one of the mechanisms underlying the treatment of CA with ALA-PDT.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798963

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of aminolevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in condyloma acuminatum (CA) tissues.@*Methods@#A total of 56 patients with CA were enrolled from Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2016 to September 2017, and skin lesions were obtained before and 1 week after the first ALA-PDT treatment. Immunohistochemical SP method was used to determine the expression of VEGF and PCNA in keratinocytes in the CA tissues. Chi-square test and rank sum test were carried out to analyze differences between pre- and post-treatment expression rate and intensity of VEGF and PCNA, and Spearman correlation analysis was conducted to analyze the correlations between the protein expression of VEGF and PCNA.@*Results@#The expression rates of VEGF and PCNA in keratinocytes in the CA tissues were 71.43% (40/56) and 73.21% (41/56) respectively before ALA-PDT, and 44.64% (25/56) and 41.07% (23/46) respectively after ALA-PDT. There were significant differences between pre- and post-treatment expression rate and intensity of VEGF and PCNA (expression rate: χ2 = 8.25, 11.81 respectively, both P < 0.05; expression intensity: H = 11.29, 12.22 respectively, both P < 0.05) . The expression of VEGF was positively correlated with the expression of PCNA in the CA tissues before and after the ALA-PDT treatment (rs = 0.202, 0.273, respectively, both P < 0.05) .@*Conclusion@#The expression of VEGF and PCNA decreased in CA tissues after ALA-PDT treatment, which may be one of the mechanisms underlying the treatment of CA with ALA-PDT.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 522-534, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771355

ABSTRACT

As a new beer fermentation technology, high temperature and high gravity fermentation has brought many benefits to brewery industry, but there are also a series of problems such as the decrease of yeast flocculation ability at the end of fermentation and the high concentration of higher alcohols. To increase yeast flocculation ability and reduce the production of higher alcohols in high temperature and high gravity fermentation of beer, BAT2 was replaced by the FLO5 expression cassette to obtain the mutant strain S6-BF2. Real-time quantitative PCR showed that the relative transcriptional level of FLO5 in S6-BF2 improved 17.8 times compared with that in S6. The flocculation ability of mutant S6-BF2 heightened by 63% compared to that of the original strain S6, and the concentration of higher alcohols decreased from 175.58 mg/L to 159.58 mg/L in high temperature and high gravity fermentation of beer. Moreover, the activity of mitochondrial branched-chain amino acid transferase was repressed, resulting in the production of higher alcohols of 142.13 mg/L, reduced by 18.4% compared to that of the original strain S6, meanwhile, the flocculation ability of mutant S6-BF2B1 kept unchanged compared to the mutant S6-BF2. The determination result of flavor compounds showed that the higher alcohols/ester ratio in beer was reasonable. This research has suggested an effective strategy for enhancing yeast flocculation ability and decreasing production of higher alcohols in high-temperature and high-gravity brewing.


Subject(s)
Beer , Fermentation , Hypergravity , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins , Temperature , Transaminases
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