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1.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 36-46, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971662

ABSTRACT

Bavachin is a dihydroflavonoid compound isolated from Psoralea corylifolia, and exhibits anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and lipid-lowering activities. Recent attention has gradually drawn on bavachin-induced apoptosis in many human cancer cell lines. However, the anti-cancer effects and related mechanisms in colorectal cancer remain unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of bavachin on colorectal cancer in vivo and in vitro. The results showed that bavachin inhibited the proliferation of human colorectal cancer cells and induce apoptosis. These changes were mediated by activating the MAPK signaling pathway, which significantly up-regulated the expression of Gadd45a. Furthermore, Gadd45a silencing obviously attenuated bavachin-mediated cell apoptosis. Inhibition of the MAPK signaling pathway by JNK/ERK/p38 inhibitors also weakened the up-regulation of Gadd45a by bavachin. The anticancer effect of bavachin was also validated using a mouse xenograft model of human colorectal cancer. In conclusion, these findings suggest that bavachin induces the apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells through activating the MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Signal Transduction , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Proteins/pharmacology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Cycle Proteins/pharmacology
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2695-2706, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878522

ABSTRACT

The marine genus Marinobacterium was first identified in 1997, and a total of 18 species have been characterized so far, 10 of which have published whole-genome sequencing data. This article summarizes the characteristics of Marinobacterium genus and analyzes the genome sequencing data related to the carbon source utilization, polyhydroxyalkanoate metabolism, and aromatic compounds degradation. The Marinobacterium species possess the complete glycolysis pathway and tricarboxylic acid cycle, yet lack genes involved in xylose utilization. All strains of the Marinobacterium genus contain the genes encoding for the typeⅠand type Ⅲ polyhydroxyalkanoate synthases, suggesting that the genus may have ability of polyhydroxyalkanoate accumulation. The Marinobacterium species contain the degradation pathways of aromatic compounds. Benzene, phenol and benzoic acid can be degraded into catechol via different enzymes, subsequently catechol is converted to 3-ketoadipate through the ortho-cleavage pathway. Alternatively, catechol can be degraded into pyruvate and acetyl-CoA. The analysis of genome sequencing data of the Marinobacterium genus provides in-depth understanding of the metabolic characteristics, indicating that the genus may have certain applications in the synthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate and the removal of marine aromatic compounds.


Subject(s)
Alteromonadaceae , DNA, Bacterial , Phylogeny , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Sequence Analysis, DNA
3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 598-602, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807127

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the repeatability and consistency among different operators while different b-value DWI was used to detect mass and non-mass breast lesions.@*Methods@#Between December 2010 and October 2017, we collected 131 female patients (one hundred and thirty-three lesions) from Zhongda Hospital Southeast University, they were diagnosed as non-cystic lesion of the mammary gland by contrast enhancement MRI (DCE-MRI),were examined with DWI and confirmed by surgical pathology. There were 94 cases of mass lesion (96 lesions) and 37 cases of non-mass lesion (37 lesions). All patients were examined with DWI before surgery,80 patients were examined with b-value of 0, 400, 800 and 1 000 s/mm2, there were 51 tumor lesions and 29 non-tumor lesions;53 patients were examined with b-value of 0, 400, 800 and 1 200,1 600 s/mm2,there were 45 tumor lesions and 8 non-tumor lesions. Two radiologists with the same qualifications used double-blind reading to measure ADC values. Paired t test was used to compare the differences in measurement parameters between the two physicians. The repeatability of data between the two physicians was analyzed by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cronbach α coefficients. The consistency of data between the two physicians was evaluated by Bland-Altman analysis.@*Results@#In different b values (0,400,800,1 200,1 600 s/mm2), the ADC value of non-mass type breast cancer and mass type breast cancer was no statistically significance between the two operators (P>0.05).The ICC of the ADC values of the non-mass breast lesion under the different b values measured by 2 physicians were 0.72, 0.78, 0.87, 0.76, 0.74, and the repeatability was good or very good; The Cronbach α coefficients are 0.83, 0.88, 0.93, 0.86, 0.85, and the reliability is high. The ICC of the ADC values of the mass breast lesion under the different b values measured by 2 physicians were 0.88,0.95,0.97,0.93,0.91, and the repeatability was very good. the Cronbach α coefficients were 0.94,0.97,0.99,0.96,0.95, and the reliability was high. The results of the Bland-Altman image analysis showed that the ADC values of non-mass and mass lesion detected by different operators in different b values have good consistency. In different b values, there were 97.3% (36/37), 94.6% (35/37), 93.1% (27/29),8/8 and 8/8 points within the 95% consistency limit of non-mass breast lesions; there were 97.9% (94/96), 94.8% (91/96), 92.2% (47/51), 95.6% (43/45), 93.3% (42/45) within the 95% consistency limit of mass breast lesions.@*Conclusion@#The ADC values were measured under different b values, and different operators had favarable repeatability and consistency for different lesions of different types of breast cancer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatric Heart Brain and Vessel Diseases ; (12): 24-27, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709064

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the association of NLRP3 gene polymorphism with primary hyper tension (PH) and carotid atherosclerosis (CA) in patients of Xinjiang Kazakh nationality.Methods Three hundred and fifty PH patients of Xinjiang Kazakh nationality were divided into CA group (n=150) and CA-free group (n=200) with 200 Xinjiang Kazakh nationality people undergoing physical examination served as a control group in this study.Their NLRP3 rs10754558 genotypes and alleles were detected using the Tapman probe method and their serum IL-1β level was measured by ELISA.Results The detection rate of rs10754558 genotypes and alleles was significantly higher in CA group than in control group (20.0% vs 9.0%,43.0% vs 34.8%,P<0.05).No significant difference was found in NLRP3 gene types and G alleles between the two groups (P> 0.05).The serum IL-1β level was significantly higher in CA and CA-free groups than in control group (2.79±0.83 ng/L and 2.82±0.92 ng/L vs 2.21±0.91 ng/L,P<0.05) and in GG gene type carriers of CA and CA-free groups than in those of control group (3.40±± 0.37 ng/L and 3.35±0.43 ng/L vs 2.21±0.90 ng/L,P<0.05).Conclusion NLRP3 rs10754558 gene polymorphism is associated with genetic susceptibility to hypertension and carotid atherosclerosis in patients of Xinjiang Kazakh nationality.

5.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4565-4574, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Perioperative high hidden blood loss affects the recovery of joint function after total hip replacement. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the reliability of the Mini Nutritional Assessment on evaluating the nutritional status in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture on admission, and to investigate the effect of nutritional status variation on hidden blood loss after total hip replacement. METHODS:234 elderly patients with femoral neck fracture underwent total hip replacement. By using Mini Nutritional Assessment, patients were randomly divided into three groups:wel-nourishment group (n=52), malnourishment at risk group (n=92), and malnourishment group (n=90). The results were used to analyze the correlation of Mini Nutritional Assessment and serological nutrition indicators, and to hidden blood loss. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) Hidden blood loss:101 patients suffered from high hidden blood loss. Hidden blood loss, its proportion to total blood loss and incidence of high hidden blood loss gradual y increased with the deterioration of the nutritional status (P<0.05). (2) Mini Nutritional Assessment:Pre-operative Mini Nutritional Assessment score, and the incidence of hidden blood loss evaluated by albumin, prealbumin, transferrin, lymphocyte count, the percentage of lymphocytes and hemoglobin was significantly higher in patients with high hidden blood loss than those with low hidden blood loss (P<0.01). (3) Results of correlation analysis:High hidden blood loss was positively correlated with pre-operative Mini Nutritional Assessment, albumin, prealbumin, transferrin, the percentage of lymphocytes and hemoglobin (P<0.05). (4) These findings confirm that risk evaluation with Mini Nutritional Assessment is a reliable method to assess the nutritional status in elderly patients undergoing total hip replacement. Its combination with various serum nutrition indicators can determine high hidden blood loss and the prognosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5489-5495, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503547

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The emergence of a large number of hidden blood loss during perioperative period of intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly not only increases the risk of perioperative period and complications, but also affects the postoperative recovery of joint function. At present, there is no relevant report about nutritional status and the hidden blood loss before surgery in and outside China. OBJECTIVE:To identify the effect of nutritional status on preoperative hidden blood loss in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS:183 elderly patients with fresh and initial femoral intertrochanteric fracture were included. Laboratory serological examinations on admission and preoperation were completed. By mini nutritional assessment, patients were randomly divided into normal-nourishment group, malnourishment at risk group, and malnourishment group. The original blood volume and preoperative hidden blood loss were calculated depending on height, weight, hematocrit on admission and preoperation. According to the proportion of mean preoperative hidden blood loss on the original blood volume, patients were divided into low and high hidden blood loss groups. We compared preoperative hidden blood loss, and their proportion on the original blood volume and the preoperative incidence of high hidden blood loss, and analyzed the correlations between preoperative high hidden blood loss and preoperative nutritional status. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) The nutritional status of elderly intertrochanteric fracture patients measured by mini nutritional assessment score was that the number of patients was 48 cases (26%) in normal-nourishment group, 64 cases (35%) in the malnourishment at risk group, and 71 cases (39%) in the malnourishment group. There were no obvious differences in the preoperative complications between any two groups (P>0.05). (2) Thirty-eight cases affected high hidden blood loss. The mean preoperative hidden blood loss was 260.43 mL. The proportion of preoperative hidden blood loss to the original blood volume was 6%. (3) The preoperative hidden blood loss, their proportion on the original blood volume and the incidence of high hidden blood loss were significantly higher in the malnourishment at risk group and malnourishment group than in the normal-nourishment group. Paired comparison showed significant differences (P<0.05). (4) Results confirmed that preoperative hidden blood loss, their proportion on the original blood volume and the incidence of high hidden blood loss gradual y increased with deterioration of nutritional status. The nutritional status is an important factor influencing the occurrence of preoperative hidden blood loss, and can be used as an important index for judging the high hidden blood loss and prognosis in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture.

7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 258-263, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349210

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of initiative and passive perioperative function exercises on hidden blood loss (HBL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundreds and thirty elderly patients with hip fractures aging from 67 to 87 years (average age of 73.6 years) who underwent total hip replacement were included. By the intensity and the manner of perioperative function exercises, patients were divided into four groups: little initiative function exercises group (group A, n=51), little initiative and passive function exercises group (group B, n=54), normal initiative function exercises group (group C, n=65), normal initiative and passive function exercises group (group D, n=60). The true total blood loss, HBL and their proportion on the original blood volume and total blood loss was calculated depending on height, weight, intra-operative blood loss, post-operative blood loss, pre- and post-operative hematocrit, and blood transfused. According to the proportion of mean HBL on total blood loss, patients were divided into low HBL group and high HBL group. The data were analyzed by t test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean HBL was 517 ml, 41.9% of the total blood loss. Thereinto, the mean HBL was 695 ml in group A, 49.3% of the total blood loss, the prevalence of high HBL was 66.7% (34/51); the mean HBL was 625 ml in group B, 46.9% of the total blood loss, the prevalence of high HBL was 59.3% (32/54); the mean HBL was 446 ml in group C, 38.4% of the total blood loss, the prevalence of high HBL was 30.8% (20/65); the mean HBL was 346 ml in group D, 32.3% of the total blood loss, the prevalence of high HBL was 20.0% (12/60). Mean HBL, mean HBL/total blood loss, prevalence of high HBL were lower in group C than that in group A and group B (all P<0.05); and were lower in group D than that in group C (all P<0.05). The prevalence was 57.4% (132 cases) in low HBL group, and 42.6% (98 cases) in high HBL. The proportion of little initiative function exercises patients in high HBL group was obviously higher than that in low HBL group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The intensity and the manner of perioperative function exercises are strongly associated with the HBL in elderly patients with total hip replacement. The initiative combined with the passive function exercises could be effectively prevent and reduce the incidence of high HBL.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Blood Loss, Surgical , Exercise Therapy , Hip Fractures , General Surgery , Postoperative Hemorrhage
8.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 466-471, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480828

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to review all published reports on thoracic/ abdominal stent graft and investigate the incidence rates of six main adverse events(MAEs):myocardial infarction,paraplegia,renal failure,respiratory failure,stroke and all-cause mortality.Methods Electronic databases(PubMed、Embase、OVID、ProQuest、Elsevier and The Cochrane Library) were searched from inception through May 2014 to identify studies that assessed the safety of thoracic/abdominal aortic coated stents on MAEs.The incidence rates with 95% confidence intervals(95% CIs) were derived using a random effects model,considering the heterogeneity between the included studies.Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were applied to explore heterogeneity.Results A total of 152 studies were included in the analysis with 264 arms.For thoracic stent graft,meta-analysis yielded a combined estimated incidence rates of 12.2%,and the most common MAEs was all-cause mortality (8.1%),followed by respiratory failure (6.5 %).For abdominal stent graft,meta-analysis yielded a combined estimated incidence rates of 4.6%,and the most common MAEs was all-cause mortality(4.0%),followed by myocardial infarction(2.1%).For thoracic and abdominal stent graft,subgroup analysis stratified by age and proportion of males indicated that middle-aged and females have a higher incidence rates of all-cause mortality.Besides,subgroup analysis stratified by follow-up time indicated that the longer follow-up time,the higher incidence rate of all-cause mortality.Conclusion The current evidence indicates that the incidence of MAEs of thoracic and abdominal stent graft is high,and we should pay more attention to the patients and follow up them as long as possible.

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