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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915450

ABSTRACT

Background@#To minimize nosocomial infection against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), most hospitals conduct a prescreening process to evaluate the patient or guardian of any symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 or exposure to a COVID-19 patient at entrances of hospital buildings. In our hospital, we have implemented a two-level prescreening process in the outpatient clinic: an initial prescreening process at the entrance of the outpatient clinic (PPEO) and a second prescreening process is repeated in each department. If any symptoms or epidemiological history are identified at the second level, an emergency code is announced through the hospital's address system. The patient is then guided outside through a designated aisle. In this study, we analyze the cases missed in the PPEO that caused the emergency code to be applied. @*Methods@#All cases reported from March 2020 to April 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. We calculated the incidence of cases missed by the PPEO per 1,000 outpatients and compared the incidence between first-time hospital visitors and those visiting for the second time or more; morning and afternoon office hours; and days of the week. @*Results@#During the study period, the emergency code was applied to 449 cases missed by the PPEO. Among those cases, 20.7% were reported in otorhinolaryngology, followed by 11.6% in gastroenterology, 5.8% in urology, and 5.8% in dermatology. Fever was the most common symptom (59.9%), followed by cough (19.8%). The incidence of cases per 1,000 outpatients was significantly higher among first-time visitors than among those visiting for the second time or more (1.77 [confidence interval (CI), 1.44–2.10] vs. 0.59 [CI, 0.52–0.65], respectively) (P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Fever was the most common symptom missed by the PPEO, and otorhinolaryngology and gastroenterology most frequently reported missed cases. Cases missed by the PPEO were more likely to occur among first-time visitors than returning visitors. The results obtained from this study can provide insights or recommendations to other healthcare facilities in operating prescreening processes during the COVID-19 pandemic.

2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915283

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to conduct a job analysis of nurse carecoordinators and to identify the frequency, importance and difficulty of each task of their job. @*Methods@#A committee for developing a curriculum (DACUM) was formed and members of the committee defined nurse care coordinators’ jobs and enumerated the duties, tasks and task elements by applying the DACUM technique. Then nurse care coordinators enrolled in the pilot project evaluated the frequency, importance and difficulty of each task. @*Results@#From the job descriptions of nurse care coordinators, we identified 12 duties and 42 tasks. Each task comprised 1~5 task elements. Among tasks, ‘assess the patient’s general health status’ was carried out most frequently. Nurse care coordinators perceived that ‘check vital signs’ and ‘strengthen patient competence to promote health behaviors’ were more important than all other tasks. The most difficult task was ‘develop professionalism as a nurse care coordinator’. @*Conclusion@#The nurse care coordinators' roles developed in this study will serve as the key guidelines for human resource management of care coordinators. Further, job specifications for nurse care coordinators need to be developed, which is necessary for designing education and training programs. We also need to integrate primary health care as an essential component in nursing education.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891682

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was a descriptive study to identify factors affecting the attitude toward life-sustaining treatment of nurses working at long-term care hospitals. @*Methods@#Data were collected through structured questionnaires from August 2nd to 27th, 2019. Study participants consisted of 163 nurses who were working for at least 6 months from 7 long-term care hospitals in B and K city. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression with SPSS WIN v 21.0. @*Results@#There were significantly positive correlations between awareness of good death (r=.46, p<.001) and perception of patients’ rights (r=.32, p<.001). The factors affecting participants’ attitude toward life-sustaining treatment were awareness of good death (β=.35, p<.001) and their own view of death (β=.24, p=.001), which explained about 27.0% of the attitude toward life-sustaining treatment. @*Conclusion@#Based on these results, it is necessary to develop nursing educational materials that can establish values for deaths, and cultivate legal and ethical knowledge related to attitude toward life-sustaining treatment. In addition, since the severity of a patient’s condition varies and the characteristics of the institution vary depending on the type of hospital, a study is needed on the relevance of variables considering the hospital environment.

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899386

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was a descriptive study to identify factors affecting the attitude toward life-sustaining treatment of nurses working at long-term care hospitals. @*Methods@#Data were collected through structured questionnaires from August 2nd to 27th, 2019. Study participants consisted of 163 nurses who were working for at least 6 months from 7 long-term care hospitals in B and K city. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression with SPSS WIN v 21.0. @*Results@#There were significantly positive correlations between awareness of good death (r=.46, p<.001) and perception of patients’ rights (r=.32, p<.001). The factors affecting participants’ attitude toward life-sustaining treatment were awareness of good death (β=.35, p<.001) and their own view of death (β=.24, p=.001), which explained about 27.0% of the attitude toward life-sustaining treatment. @*Conclusion@#Based on these results, it is necessary to develop nursing educational materials that can establish values for deaths, and cultivate legal and ethical knowledge related to attitude toward life-sustaining treatment. In addition, since the severity of a patient’s condition varies and the characteristics of the institution vary depending on the type of hospital, a study is needed on the relevance of variables considering the hospital environment.

5.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 100-106, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762298

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated the role of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a predictor of tumor response and as a prognostic factor in patients with rectal cancer who had undergone curative surgery after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (nCRT). METHODS: Between January 2009 and July 2016, we collected 140 consecutive patients who had undergone curative intent surgery after nCRT due to rectal adenocarcinoma. We obtained the pre- and post-nCRT NLR by dividing the neutrophil count by the lymphocyte count. The cutoff value was obtained using receiver operating characteristic analysis for tumor response and using maximally selected rank analysis for recurrence-free survival (RFS). The relationship among NLR, tumor response, and RFS was assessed by adjusting the possible clinico-pathological confounding factors. RESULTS: The possibility of pathologic complete response (pCR) was significantly decreased in high pre- (>2.77) and postnCRT NLR (>3.23) in univariate regression analysis. In multivariate analysis, high post-nCRT NLR was an independent negative predictive factor for pCR (adjusted odds ratio, 0.365; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.145–0.918). The 5-year RFS of all patients was 74.6% during the median 37 months of follow-up. Patients with higher pre- (>2.66) and post-nCRT NLR (>5.21) showed lower 5-year RFS rates (53.1 vs. 83.3%, P = 0.006) (69.2 vs. 75.7%, P = 0.054). In multivariate Cox analysis, high pre-nCRT NLR was an independent poor prognostic factor for RFS (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.300; 95% CI, 1.061–4.985). CONCLUSION: Elevated NLR was a negative predictive marker for pCR and was independently associated with decreased RFS. For confirmation, a large-scale study with appropriate controls is needed.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Biomarkers , Chemoradiotherapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocytes , Multivariate Analysis , Neutrophils , Odds Ratio , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms , ROC Curve
6.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 130-141, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765693

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the technical feasibility of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with the major portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT). METHODS: Ten institutions affiliated with the Korean Stereotactic Radiosurgery Group were provided the contours of four cases: the first case was the first branch PVTT with sufficient normal liver volume (NLV), the second was the first branch PVTT with insufficient NLV, the third was the main trunk PVTT at confluence level, and the fourth was the main trunk PVTT with entire length. The institutions were asked to make SBRT plans according to their current treatment protocols and to complete facility questionnaires. RESULTS: Based on institutional protocols, SBRT was feasible in nine institutions for the first case (32–60 Gy in 3–5 fractions), in eight institutions for the second case (32–50 Gy in 3–5 fractions), in seven institutions for the third case (35–60 Gy in 3–5 fractions), and in four institutions for the fourth case (35–42 Gy in 4–5 fractions). The other institutions recommended hypo- or conventional fractionation due to insufficient NLV or gastrointestinal organ proximity. With analysis of the SBRT dose to the central hepatobiliary tract, the major PVTT could theoretically be associated with a high risk of hepatobiliary toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Although SBRT is a technically feasible option for HCC with the major PVTT, there was a variability among the participating institutions. Therefore, further studies will be necessary to standardize the practice of SBRT for the major PVTT.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Clinical Protocols , Liver , Portal Vein , Radiosurgery , Thrombosis
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740796

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore nursing students' experience in microbiology courses. METHODS: Data were gathered through 4 focus group interviews and 1 in-depth personal interview, by 19 nursing students who attended microbiology courses. Data were collected June 15-July 20, 2018. Conventional content analysis was used for data analysis. RESULTS: The result of this study revealed 4 categories: “facing the challenge”, “types of learning”, “lack of learning motivation”, “acquiring knowledge of infection”. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that it is important to identify nursing students' perspectives, to improve microbiology curriculum in the educational process. Also, it is necessary to connect continuously, between educational and practical environments, for effective management of microbiology courses.


Subject(s)
Curriculum , Focus Groups , Humans , Learning , Nursing , Statistics as Topic , Students, Nursing
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715817

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the level of dementia knowledge of older Korean adults living alone in rural areas and to identify related factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was applied. The participants were 231 older adults living alone who were recruited from 12 of the 13 primary health care posts in the rural area of Chuncheon. Participants’ level of dementia knowledge was assessed using the Dementia Knowledge Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the t-test, analysis of variance, chi-square test, and Mann-Whitney test were applied. RESULTS: Participants’ mean age was 77.3±5.4 years, and women comprised 79.7% of the sample. Over half of the participants (61.9%) had no formal education, and all the participants were enrolled in Medical Aid. The participants’ average percentage of correct answers was 61.6%. The highest rate (94.4%) was for the item “Dementia can change one’s personal character.” The item with the lowest proportion of correct answers was “Dementia is not treatable” (23.4%). Dementia knowledge was significantly associated with age, education, health coverage, source of living expenses, and dementia risk. CONCLUSIONS: Dementia knowledge among Korean rural older adults living alone was relatively low. Participants’ misconceptions about symptoms and treatment could hinder them from seeking early treatment. The results of this study suggest the need for active outreach and health care delivery for rural older adults living alone in South Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Delivery of Health Care , Dementia , Education , Female , Health Education , Humans , Korea , Primary Health Care , Rural Health
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714822

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To evaluate oral anticoagulant (OAC) utilization in patients with atrial fibrillation after the changes in the health insurance coverage policy in July 2015. METHODS: We used the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service-National Patient Samples (HIRA-NPS) between 2014 and 2016. The HIRA-NPS, including approximately 1.4 million individuals, is a stratified random sample of 3% of the entire Korean population using 16 age groups and 2 sex groups. The HIRA-NPS comprises personal and medical information such as surgical or medical treatment provided, diagnoses, age, sex, region of medical institution, and clinician characteristics. The studied drugs included non-vitamin K antagonist OACs (NOACs) such as apixaban, dabigatran, edoxaban, and rivaroxaban, and were compared with warfarin. We analyzed drug utilization pattern under three aspects: person, time, and place. RESULTS: The number of patients with atrial fibrillation who were prescribed OACs was 3,114, 3,954, and 4,828; and the proportions of prescribed NOACs to total OACs were 5.1%, 36.2%, and 60.8% in 2014, 2015, and 2016, respectively. The growth rate of OACs prescription increased from 61.4 patients/quarter before June 2015 to 147.7 patients/quarter thereafter. These changes were predominantly in elderly individuals aged more than 70 years. The proportion of NOACs to OACs showed significant regional difference. CONCLUSION: The change of health insurance coverage policy substantially influenced OACs prescription pattern in whole Korean region. But the impact has been significantly different among regions and age groups, which provides the evidence for developing standard clinical practice guideline on OACs use.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anticoagulants , Atrial Fibrillation , Dabigatran , Drug Utilization , Drug Utilization Review , Humans , Insurance, Health , Korea , Prescriptions , Rivaroxaban , Warfarin
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713898

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the clinical utilization of radiation therapy (RT) in Korea between 2011 and 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service to estimate the clinical utilization of RT. The source population consisted of all patients who had any of the International Classification of Diseases 10th revision cancer diagnoses (C00-C97) and those with diagnostic codes D00-D48, who were also associated with at least one of the procedure codes related to RT. RESULTS: The total number of patients who received RT in 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 were 54,810, 59,435, 61,839, 64,062, and 66,183, respectively. Among them, the total numbers of male and female patients were 24,946/29,864 in 2011, 27,211/32,224 in 2012, 28,111/33,728 in 2013, 29,312/34,750 in 2014, and 30,266/35,917 in 2015. The utilization rate of RT in cancer patients has also increased steadily over the same period from 25% to 30%. The five cancers that were most frequently treated with RT between 2011 and 2012 were breast, lung, colorectal, liver, and uterine cervical cancers. However, the fifth most common cancer treated with RT that replaced uterine cervical cancer in 2013 was prostate cancer. More than half of cancer patients (64%) were treated with RT in the capital area (Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Incheon). CONCLUSION: The total number of patients who underwent RT increased steadily from 2011 to 2015 in Korea. The utilization rate of RT in cancer patients is also increasing.


Subject(s)
Breast , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Insurance, Health , International Classification of Diseases , Korea , Liver , Lung , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-156647

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the optimal radiotherapy technique for gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALToma), we compared the dosimetric parameters and the risk of solid secondary cancer from scattered doses among anterior-posterior/posterior-anterior parallel-opposed fields (AP/PA), anterior, posterior, right, and left lateral fields (4_field), 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) using noncoplanar beams, and intensity-modulated radiotherapy composed of 7 coplanar beams (IMRT_co) and 7 coplanar and noncoplanar beams (IMRT_non). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively generated 5 planning techniques for 5 patients with gastric MALToma. Homogeneity index (HI), conformity index (CI), and mean doses of the kidney and liver were calculated from the dose-volume histograms. Applied the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation VII report to scattered doses, the lifetime attributable risk (LAR) was calculated to estimate the risk of solid secondary cancer. RESULTS: The best value of CI was obtained with IMRT, although the HI varied among patients. The mean kidney dose was the highest with AP/PA, followed by 4_field, 3D-CRT, IMRT_co, and IMRT_non. On the other hand, the mean liver dose was the highest with 4_field and the lowest with AP/PA. Compared with 4_field, the LAR for 3D-CRT decreased except the lungs, and the LAR for IMRT_co and IMRT_non increased except the lungs. However, the absolute differences were much lower than <1%. CONCLUSION: Tailored RT techniques seem to be beneficial because it could achieve adjacent organ sparing with very small and clinically irrelevant increase of secondary solid cancer risk compared to the conventional techniques.


Subject(s)
Hand , Humans , Kidney , Liver , Lung , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Planning Techniques , Radiation, Ionizing , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Stomach
12.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 172-179, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44435

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for patients with liver oligo-recurrence and oligo-progression from various primary tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2013, 72 patients with liver oligo-recurrence (oligo-metastasis with a controlled primary tumor) and oligo-progression (contradictory progression of a few sites of disease despite an overall tumor burden response to therapy) underwent SBRT. Of these, 9 and 8 patients with uncontrollable distant metastases and patients immediate loss to follow-up, respectively, were excluded. The total planning target volume was used to select the SBRT dose (median, 48 Gy; range, 30 to 60 Gy, 3–4 fractions). Toxicity was evaluated using the Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0. RESULTS: We evaluated 55 patients (77 lesions) treated with SBRT for liver metastases. All patients had controlled primary lesions, and 28 patients had stable lesions at another site (oligo-progression). The most common primary site was the colon (36 patients), followed by the stomach (6 patients) and other sites (13 patients). The 2-year local control and progression-free survival rates were 68% and 22%, respectively. The 2- and 5-year overall survival rates were 56% and 20%, respectively. The most common adverse events were grade 1–2 fatigue, nausea, and vomiting; no grade ≥3 toxicities were observed. Univariate analysis revealed that oligo-progression associated with poor survival. CONCLUSION: SBRT for liver oligo-recurrence and oligo-progression appears safe, with similar local control rates. For liver oligo-progression, criteria are needed to select patients in whom improved overall survival can be expected through SBRT.


Subject(s)
Colon , Disease-Free Survival , Fatigue , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver , Nausea , Neoplasm Metastasis , Stomach , Survival Rate , Tumor Burden , Vomiting
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-6997

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Metformin is associated with an anticancer effect. However, the effects of metformin in rectal cancer are controversial. This study investigated the impact of metformin on the survival of patients with diabetes mellitus and nonmetastatic rectal cancer who underwent curative surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The database was provided by the Korea Center Cancer Registry and National Health Insurance Service of the Republic of Korea. A cohort of patients with newly diagnosed rectal cancer between 2005 and 2011 was identified. Drug exposure was defined as receiving the oral hypoglycemic agent for at least 90 days over the period from 6 months before the initial diagnosis of rectal cancer to the last follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 4,503 patients were prescribed oral hypoglycemic agents and classified as the diabetic group, of which 3,694 patients received metformin for at least 90 days. Unadjusted analyses showed a significantly higher overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.596; 95% confidence interval, 0.506 to 0.702) and rectal cancer-specific survival (hazard ratio, 0.621; 95% confidence interval, 0.507 to 0.760) in the metformin group than in the nonmetformin group. The adjusted overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.631; 95% confidence interval, 0.527 to 0.755) and cancer-specific survival (hazard ratio, 0.598; 95% confidence interval, 0.479 to 0.746) in the group with a medication possession ratio of 80% or greater was significantly higher than in the group with a medication possession ratio of less than 80%. CONCLUSION: Metformin use is associated with overall and cancer-specific survival in diabetic patients with a nonmetastatic rectal cancer treated with a curative resection.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Colorectal Surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Korea , Metformin , National Health Programs , Rectal Neoplasms , Republic of Korea
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-6993

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine patterns of radiotherapy (RT) in Korean patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) according to the evolving guideline for HCC established by the Korean Liver Cancer Study Group-National Cancer Center (KLCSG-NCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 765 patients with HCC who were treated with RT between January 2011 and December 2012 in 12 institutions. RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 13.3 months (range, 0.2 to 51.7 months). Compared with previous data between 2004 and 2005, the use of RT as a first treatment has increased (9.0% vs. 40.8%). Increased application of intensity-modulated RT resulted in an increase in radiation dose (fractional dose, 1.8 Gy vs. 2.5 Gy; biologically effective dose, 53.1 Gy10 vs. 56.3 Gy10). Median overall survival was 16.2 months, which is longer than that reported in previous data (12 months). In subgroup analysis, treatments were significantly different according to stage (p < 0.001). Stereotactic body RT was used in patients with early HCC, and most patients with advanced stage were treated with three-dimensional conformal RT. CONCLUSION: Based on the evolving KLCSG-NCC practice guideline for HCC, clinical practice patterns of RT have changed. Although RT is still used mainly in advanced HCC, the number of patients with good performance status who were treated with RT as a first treatment has increased. This change in practice patterns could result in improvement in overall survival.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Radiation Oncology , Radiotherapy
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61896

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to estimate the clinical status of radiation therapy (RT) in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed open claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA). The subjects were patients with malignant neoplasms who had procedure codes concerning RT in 2009 and 2013. RESULTS: The total numbers of patients who underwent RT in 2009 and 2013 were 42,483 and 56,850, respectively. The numbers of men and women were 20,012 and 22,471 in 2009 and 26,936 and 29,914 in 2013, respectively. The five most frequent RT sites were metastatic, breast, gastrointestinal, thoracic, and gynecologic cancers in 2009, and metastatic, breast, gastrointestinal, thoracic and head and neck cancers in 2013. The three leading types of cancer among men were metastatic, gastrointestinal, and thoracic, and breast, metastatic, and gynecologic among women. According to age, the most common treatment site was the central nervous system for those aged 20 years or less, the breast for those in their 30s to 50s, and metastatic sites for those in their 60s or older. CONCLUSION: Data from this study provide an overview of the clinical status of RT in Korea.


Subject(s)
Breast , Central Nervous System , Female , Head , Humans , Insurance, Health , Korea , Male , Neck , Radiotherapy
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-181082

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effect of self-efficacy in the relationship between emotional intelligence and clinical performance in nursing students. METHODS: Data were collected through structured questionnaires between March 1 and March 25, 2016. Study participants were 223 fourth year nursing students in B and K metropolitan city. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS WIN v 18.0. RESULTS: The mean scores of emotional intelligence was 3.85±0.43, self-efficacy was 3.25±0.40, and clinical performance was 3.63±0.51. There were significant positive correlations between emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and clinical performance. There were partial mediating effect of self-efficacy in the relationship between emotional intelligence and clinical performance. CONCLUSION: In order to enhance nursing students' clinical performance, strategies for intervention development such as stimulating emotional intelligence and motivation by self-efficacy are necessary.


Subject(s)
Emotional Intelligence , Humans , Motivation , Negotiating , Nursing , Students, Nursing
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60767

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the clinical utilization of radiation therapy (RT) in Korea between 2009 and 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed open claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. The subjects were patients who had diagnostic codes C00-C97 or D00-D48 according to the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases, with procedure codes indicating RT treatment. RESULTS: The total number of patients who received RT in 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013 were 45,571, 49,593, 54,671, 59,172, and 61,485, respectively. Among them, the total numbers of male and female patients were 20,780/24,791 in 2009, 22,711/26,882 in 2010, 24,872/29,799 in 2011, 27,101/32,071 in 2012, and 27,941/33,544 in 2013. The five cancers that were most frequently treated with RT between 2009 and 2012 were breast, lung, colorectal, liver, and uterine cervical cancers. However, the fifth most common cancer treated with RT that replaced uterine cervical cancer in 2013 was prostate cancer. The three leading types of cancer among the male patients were lung, colorectal, and liver cancers, whereas in female patients, they were breast, uterine cervical, and lung cancers. The type of cancer most commonly treated by RT was cancer of the central nervous system in patients aged 20 years or less, breast cancer in patients aged 30-50 years, and lung cancer in patients aged 60 years or more. CONCLUSION: Data from this study provided the clinical utilization of RT in Korea between 2009 and 2013.


Subject(s)
Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Central Nervous System , Female , Humans , Insurance, Health , International Classification of Diseases , Korea , Liver , Liver Neoplasms , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
18.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 187-193, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221839

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to delineate the various factors that affect the growth characteristics of human cancer xenografts in nude mice and to reveal the relationship between the growth characteristics and radiosensitivity. We retrospectively analyzed 390 xenografts comprising nine different human cancer lines grown in nude mice used in our institute between 2009 and 2015. Tumor growth rate (TGR) was calculated using exponential growth equations. The relationship between the TGR of xenografts and the proliferation of the cells in vitro was examined. Additionally, we examined the correlations between the surviving fractions of cells after 2 Gy irradiation in vitro and the response of the xenograft to radiation. The TGR of xenografts was positively related to the proliferation of the cells in vitro (r(P)=0.9714, p<0.0001), whereas it was independent of the histological type of the xenografts. Radiation-induced suppression of the growth rate (T/C%) of xenografts was positively related to the radiosensitivity of the cells in vitro (SF₂; r(P)=0.8684, p=0.0284) and TGR (r(P)=0.7623, p=0.0780). The proliferation of human cancer cells in vitro and the growth rate of xenografts were positively related. The radiosensitivity of cancer cells, as judged from the SF₂ values in vitro, and the radiation-induced suppression of xenograft growth were positively related. In conclusion, the growth rate of human xenografts was independent of histological type and origin of the cancer cells, and was positively related to the proliferation of the cancer cells in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Heterografts , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Kinetics , Mice , Mice, Nude , Radiation Tolerance , Retrospective Studies
19.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 233-241, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-73633

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare volumetric modulated arc therapy of RapidArc with robotic stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of CyberKnife in the planning and delivery of SBRT for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment by analyzing dosimetric parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two radiation treatment plans were generated for 29 HCC patients, one using Eclipse for the RapidArc plan and the other using Multiplan for the CyberKnife plan. The prescription dose was 60 Gy in 3 fractions. The dosimetric parameters of planning target volume (PTV) coverage and normal tissue sparing in the RapidArc and the CyberKnife plans were analyzed. RESULTS: The conformity index was 1.05 +/- 0.02 for the CyberKnife plan, and 1.13 +/- 0.10 for the RapidArc plan. The homogeneity index was 1.23 +/- 0.01 for the CyberKnife plan, and 1.10 +/- 0.03 for the RapidArc plan. For the normal liver, there were significant differences between the two plans in the low-dose regions of V1 and V3. The normalized volumes of V60 for the normal liver in the RapidArc plan were drastically increased when the mean dose of the PTVs in RapidArc plan is equivalent to the mean dose of the PTVs in the CyberKnife plan. CONCLUSION: CyberKnife plans show greater dose conformity, especially in small-sized tumors, while RapidArc plans show good dosimetric distribution of low dose sparing in the normal liver and body.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Humans , Liver , Prescriptions , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118311

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the current status of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in Korea. A nationwide survey was conducted by the Korean Stereotactic Radiosurgery Group of the Korean Society for Radiation Oncology (KROG 13-13). MATERIALS AND METHODS: SBRT was defined as radiotherapy with delivery of a high dose of radiation to an extracranial lesion in < or = 4 fractions. A 16-questionnaire survey was sent by e-mail to the chief of radiation oncology at 85 institutions in June 2013. RESULTS: All institutions (100%) responded to this survey. Of these, 38 institutions (45%) have used SBRT and 47 institutions (55%) have not used SBRT. Regarding the treatment site, the lung (92%) and liver (76%) were the two most common sites. The most common schedules were 60 Gy/4 fractions for non-small cell lung cancer, 48 Gy/4 fractions for lung metastases, 60 Gy/3 fractions for hepatocellular carcinoma, and 45 Gy/3 fractions or 40 Gy/4 fractions for liver metastases. Four-dimensional computed tomography (CT) was the most common method for planning CT (74%). During planning CT, the most common method of immobilization was the use of an alpha cradle/vacuum-lock (42%). CONCLUSION: Based on this survey, conduct of further prospective studies will be needed in order to determine the appropriate prescribed doses and to standardize the practice of SBRT.


Subject(s)
Appointments and Schedules , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Electronic Mail , Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography , Immobilization , Korea , Liver , Lung , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiation Oncology , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy
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