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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 30-39, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913822

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#K-MASTER project is a Korean national precision medicine platform that screened actionable mutations by analyzing next-generation sequencing (NGS) of solid tumor patients. We compared gene analyses between NGS panel from the K-MASTER project and orthogonal methods. @*Materials and Methods@#Colorectal, breast, non–small cell lung, and gastric cancer patients were included. We compared NGS results from K-MASTER projects with those of non-NGS orthogonal methods (KRAS, NRAS, and BRAF mutations in colorectal cancer [CRC]; epidermal growth factor receptor [EGFR], anaplastic lymphoma kinase [ALK] fusion, and reactive oxygen species 1 [ROS1] fusion in non–small cell lung cancer [NSCLC], and Erb-B2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (ERBB2) positivity in breast and gastric cancers). @*Results@#In the CRC cohort (n=225), the sensitivity and specificity of NGS were 87.4% and 79.3% (KRAS); 88.9% and 98.9% (NRAS); and 77.8% and 100.0% (BRAF), respectively. In the NSCLC cohort (n=109), the sensitivity and specificity of NGS for EGFR were 86.2% and 97.5%, respectively. The concordance rate for ALK fusion was 100%, but ROS1 fusion was positive in only one of three cases that were positive in orthogonal tests. In the breast cancer cohort (n=260), ERBB2 amplification was detected in 45 by NGS. Compared with orthogonal methods that integrated immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, sensitivity and specificity were 53.7% and 99.4%, respectively. In the gastric cancer cohort (n=64), ERBB2 amplification was detected in six by NGS. Compared with orthogonal methods, sensitivity and specificity were 62.5% and 98.2%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The results of the K-MASTER NGS panel and orthogonal methods showed a different degree of agreement for each genetic alteration, but generally showed a high agreement rate.

2.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 653-659, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927019

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The study investigated the incidence of thromboembolic events (TEE) in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with cisplatin, and analyzed the factors affecting TEE occurrence @*Methods@#Two hundred and fifty-seven patients who started CCRT with cisplatin for H&N cancer from January 2005 to December 2019 were analyzed. @*Results@#TEE occurred in five patients, an incidence rate of 1.9%. The 2-, 4-, and 6-month cumulative incidences of TEE were 0.8%, 1.6%, and 1.9%, respectively. Khorana score was the only factor associated with TEE occurrence (p = 0.010). @*Conclusions@#The incidence of TEE in H&N cancer patients who underwent CCRT with cisplatin was relatively low when compared to other types of cancer. However, patients with a high Khorana score require more careful surveillance for possible TEE occurrence.

3.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 434-443, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926995

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The optimal treatment (Tx) for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with brain metastasis (BM) remains to be determined. @*Methods@#A retrospective review was conducted on 77 NSCLC patients with synchronous BM who underwent first-line EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) Tx. The outcomes of patients were analyzed according to the clinicopathological characteristics including local Tx modalities. @*Results@#Fifty-nine patients underwent local Tx for BM (gamma knife surgery [GKS], 37; whole brain radiotherapy [WBRT], 18; others, four) concurrently or sequentially with EGFR-TKI. Patients treated with TKI alone showed significantly lower incidence of central nervous system (CNS) symptoms. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) after the initiation of EGFR-TKI for all patients were 9 and 19 months, respectively. In 60 patients with follow-up brain imaging, the median time to CNS progression was 15 months. Patients with EGFR exon 19 deletion had a significantly longer median OS than those with other mutations including L858R (23 months vs. 17 months). Other clinical characteristics, including CNS symptoms, number of BM, and the use of local Tx were not associated with OS, as well as PFS. In terms of the local optimal Tx modality, no difference was found between GKS and WBRT in the OS and PFS. @*Conclusions@#This study suggests that EGFR-TKI may result in a favorable outcome in NSCLC patients with synchronous BM, especially in deletion 19 mutant, regardless of the extent of BM lesions or local Tx modalities. Patients with asymptomatic BM can be treated with EGFR-TKI and careful surveillance.

4.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 340-343, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836678

ABSTRACT

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by two or more tumors of the parathyroid gland, duodenum-pancreas, and anterior pituitary. Membranous nephropathy is the most common manifestation of paraneoplastic glomerulopathy. However, minimal change disease in patients with MEN 1 has yet to be reported. Here, we report a case of minimal change disease in a 59-year-old man with MEN 1, along with a review of the relevant literature.

5.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 216-220, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44727

ABSTRACT

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare disease with poor prognosis. We experienced a case of recurrent ACC with stomach metastasis which had been completely cured a long while ago. A 52-year-old man who presented with right thigh pain was hospitalized. We found a lumbar spine mass on magnetic resonance imaging scan. And this lesion was identified as metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma. The patient had been treated as stage II non-functioning ACC 19 years ago. At that time radical resection and adjuvant chemotherapy were successfully done. And the follow-up evaluation was discontinued, since it had been checked as no evidence of disease (NED) state for 5 years. But this time, there were multiple metastatic sites revealed in positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan including stomach. Therefore, we report a case of ACC herewith that it could be recurred even though long-term NED state was passed after treatment and stomach could be a metastatic site of ACC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Adrenocortical Carcinoma , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Electrons , Follow-Up Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Spine , Stomach , Thigh
6.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1416-1422, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183080

ABSTRACT

For decades, maintenance chemotherapy has failed to improve the cure rate or prolong the survival of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), other than those with acute promyelocytic leukemia. Immediately after the first complete remission following consolidation therapy was obtained, oral maintenance chemotherapy (daily 6-mercaptopurine and weekly methotrexate) was given and continued for two years in transplant-ineligible AML patients. Leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were studied and compared between these patients and the historical control group who did not receive maintenance therapy. Consecutive 52 transplant-ineligible AML patients were analyzed. Among these patients, 27 received oral maintenance chemotherapy. No significant difference was found in the patients' characteristics between the maintenance and the control groups. The median OS was 43 (95% CI, 19-67) and 19 (95% CI, 8-30) months in the maintenance and the control groups, respectively (P = 0.202). In the multivariate analysis, the presence of maintenance therapy was an independent prognostic factor for better OS (P = 0.021) and LFS (P = 0.024). Clinical benefit from maintenance chemotherapy was remarkable in older patients (> or = 60 yr) (P = 0.035), those with intermediate or unfavorable cytogenetics (P = 0.006), those with initial low blast count in peripheral blood (P = 0.044), and those receiving less than two cycles of consolidation therapy (P = 0.017). Maintenance oral chemotherapy as a post-remission therapy can prolong the survival of patients with AML who are not eligible for transplantation, particularly older patients, those with intermediate or unfavorable cytogenetics, those with initial low blast count, and those receiving less than two cycles of consolidation therapy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Mercaptopurine/therapeutic use , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Idarubicin/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Maintenance Chemotherapy/methods , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Remission Induction , Treatment Outcome
7.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1493-1500, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174926

ABSTRACT

Febrile neutropenia (FN) is the major toxicity of rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) regimen in the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The prediction of neutropenia and FN is mandatory to continue the planned R-CHOP therapy resulting in successful anti-cancer treatment. The clinical features and patterns of neutropenia and FN from 181 DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP were analyzed retrospectively. Sixty percent (60.2%) of patients experienced at least one episode of grade 4 neutropenia. Among them, 42.2% of episodes progressed to FN. Forty-eight percent (48.8%) of patients with FN was experienced their first FN during the first cycle of R-CHOP. All those patients never experienced FN again during the rest cycles of R-CHOP. Female, higher stage, international prognostic index (IPI), age > or =65 yr, comorbidities, bone marrow involvement, and baseline serum albumin < or =3.5 mg/dL were significant risk factors for FN by univariate analysis. Among these variables, comorbidities (P=0.009), bone marrow involvement (P=0.006), and female gender (P=0.024) were independent risk factors for FN based on multivariate analysis. On observing the patterns of neutropenia and FN, primary prophylaxis of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and antibiotics should be considered particularly in female patients, patients with comorbidities, or when there is bone marrow involvement of disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Age Factors , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Chemotherapy-Induced Febrile Neutropenia/etiology , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Demography , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Neutropenia/etiology , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Vincristine/administration & dosage
8.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 7-14, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211945

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is the standard treatment for patients with locally advanced breast cancer and is increasingly considered for patients with operable disease. Recently, as many clinical trials have demonstrated favorable outcomes of anthracycline-taxane based regimen, this approach has been widely used in the neoadjuvant setting. METHODS: We compared women who received adriamycine and docetaxel (AD) with adriamycin, cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel (AC-T) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The AD group was scheduled for six cycles of AD (50 mg/m2 and 75 mg/m2, respectively) at a 3-week interval. The AC-T group was scheduled for four cycles of adriamycin and cyclophosphamide (50 mg/m2 and 500 mg/m2, respectively) followed by four cycles of paclitaxel (175 mg/m2) at a 3-week interval. RESULTS: The responses of chemotherapy were equivalent (overall response rate [AD, 75.7% vs. AC-T, 80.9%; P = 0.566], pathologic complete response [pCR] rate [breast and axilla: AD, 10.8% vs. AC-T, 12.8%; P = 1.000; breast only: AD, 18.9% vs. AC-T, 14.9%, P = 0.623], breast conserving surgery rate [P = 0.487], and breast conserving surgery conversion rate [P = 0.562]). The pCR rate in the breast was higher in the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive cases (HER2 positive 33.3% vs. negative 10%, P = 0.002). Although nonhematologic toxicities were comparable, hematologic toxicities were more severe in the AD group. Most women in the AD group suffered from grade 3/4 neutropenia (P < 0.001) and neutropenic fever (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Tumor responses were not different in various variables between the two groups. However, AC-T was a more tolerable regimen than AD in patients with breast cancer receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Fever , Mastectomy, Segmental , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neutropenia , Paclitaxel , Polymerase Chain Reaction , ErbB Receptors , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Taxoids
9.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 135-140, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108753

ABSTRACT

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a rare cancer with a relatively poor prognosis because patients tend to be diagnosed in the advanced stage. Distant metastases have been recognized to be a major cause of treatment failure. However, because long-term survival has been reported in patients with lung metastasis alone, an aggressive approach to treatment for this group of patients should be considered. We report four cases of metastasectomy for pulmonary metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The metastatic lesions were confined to the lung with or without regional lymph nodes. The patients underwent a pulmonary metastasectomy following adjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy, and all patients are now disease-free.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Lung , Lymph Nodes , Metastasectomy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Treatment Failure
10.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 67-73, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720425

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acute leukemias co-expressing myeloid and lymphoid antigens but does not meet the criteria for biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL) is common, however its clinical significance is not fully defined. METHODS: In this study, clinical features of 68 co-expressing (myeloid and lymphoid) acute leukemias diagnosed between January 2000 and December 2006 were studied and compared with those of a control group of patients (pure AML or ALL). RESULTS: Age, gender, initial Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level and cytogenetics were not different between the co-expressing group and the control group. But, the initial bone marrow blast percent was significantly higher in the co-expressing group (70% vs. 54.5%, P=0.003). Fifty five percent (16/29) of ALL and 30% (52/172) of AML patients showed myeloid and lymphoid markers concomitantly. The lymphoid antigen positive AML (Ly+AML) patients showed significantly shorter survival rates than pure AML patients (4 year survival rate, 17.6% vs. 45.6%, P=0.002). However hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HST) abrogated the difference (4 year survival rate, 54.7% vs. 50.6%, P=0.894). In ALL patients, survival rate was not affected by myeloid antigen co-expression (4 year survival rate 26.1% vs. 20%, P=0.954). CONCLUSION: Co-expression of lymphoid markers in AML should be regarded as a poor prognostic factor and more aggressive treatment such as HST should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Cytogenetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Immunophenotyping , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Leukemia , Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute , Prognosis , Survival Rate
11.
Journal of Lung Cancer ; : 8-12, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54358

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is the standard treatment for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Paclitaxel is an active agent against NSCLC and it has a radiosensitizing effect. We investigated the efficacy and toxicity of weekly paclitaxel administration along with concurrent radiotherapy for treating locally advanced and locally recurrent NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five previously untreated stage III or locally recurrent NSCLC patients received weekly paclitaxel (60 mg/m2) and concurrent radiotherapy. Chemotherapy was given on days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Concurrent radiotherapy at 1.5 Gy was given twice a day to a total dose of 54 Gy in 3.5 weeks. After the completion of CCRT, consolidation chemotherapy was delivered if possible. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 72% with one complete response and 17 partial responses. The median overall survival was 16 months with a 2 year survival rate and a 5 year survival rate of 38% and 24%, respectively. The rate of grade > 3 radiation pneumonitis was 16% (4 patients) and 2 patients were died from the pneumonitis. The rate of grade 3 radiation esophagitis was 12% (3 patients) and the hematologic toxicities were not significant. CONCLUSION: Weekly paclitaxel with concurrent radiotherapy is effective for treating locally advanced and locally recurrent NSCLC, but radiation pneumonitis is the major toxicity and this is potentially fatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Chemoradiotherapy , Consolidation Chemotherapy , Esophagitis , Paclitaxel , Pneumonia , Radiation Pneumonitis , Radiation-Sensitizing Agents , Survival Rate
12.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 92-99, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720045

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: On performing umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation, faster engraftment may lead better clinical outcome. Because transplanted viable cell count in UCB is related to the engraftment, accurate evaluation of viability of CD34+cells in cryopreserved UCB has clinical implication. We examined the difference in viability of cells in cryopreserved UCB according to the duration of cryopreservation and different methods. METHODS: A total of 60 UCB samples which were cryopreserved for 1 to 4 years were used in this study. Viability of cryopreserved cells were examined with trypan blue exclusion assay, DNA contents analysis, caspase-3 activation test, intracellular esterase activity and Annexin-V/PI staining. RESULTS: After thawing the cryopreserved UCB, 89% of the total MNCs and 84% of CD34+cells were viable as identified by trypan blue exclusion assay. In the CD34+cell population, the cell death rate was found to be 47% by Annexin-V/PI staining and less than 5% by DNA contents analysis. However, cspase-3 activity failed to document apoptosis. The intracellular esterase activity test also showed a cell death rate of about 10~20% at 2, 4, and 6 hours after thawing. CONCLUSION: Viable cells in UCB should be measured by several compensatory techniques rather than a single method. Discordance among Annexin-V/PI staining versus trypan blue exclusion, DNA contents analysis, and the caspase-3 activation test or intracellular esterase activity should be clarified in order to apply these techniques for actual cord blood transplantation.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Cell Count , Cell Death , Cryopreservation , Diminazene , DNA , Fetal Blood , Transplants , Trypan Blue
13.
Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society ; (4): 215-223, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163800

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE:Mitochondrial disorder is a progressive disease, but there are no specific treatment modalities to prevent the progression. Also, there has been little understanding on the pattern of disease progression nor natural history. The aim of this study was to elucidate the initial clinical phenotypes, patterns of the disease progression, and its natural history of the patients with mitochondrial A3243G mutation. METHODS:Among the patients with biochemically or genetically confirmed mitochondrial disorders, 7 patients with A3243G mutation were included in a 7 year follow-up observation(range: 3-11 years). We classified the patients into two groups by the initial clinical presentations:systemic and neurologic onset. They were clinically evaluated with serial brain MRI and MRS for the evaluation of the disease evolution patterns. RESULTS:The clinical manifestations of mitochondrial A3243G mutation were extremely variable; seizure, headache, dementia, myopathy, sensorineural hearing loss, external ophthalmoplegia, diabetes mellitus, cardiomyopathy, easy fatigability, and short stature. Among the 7 patients, 4 patients initially presented neurologic symptom such as seizure(3) and headache(1), and 3 patients systemic symptoms such as DM(2) and easy fatigability(1). All the patients with neurologic onset showed relentless progression with recurrent stroke- like episodes and intractable seizures, and finally fell into be functionally dependent states or death. All the patients with systemic onset showed clinically silent periods for 3-10 years, and still they were in functionally independent states despite subsequent neurologic symptoms. CONCLUSION:We could find out the relationship between initial clinical phenotypes and final outcomes in mitochondrial A3243G mutation. However, the population is small in this study so that a larger scaled analysis is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Cardiomyopathies , Dementia , Diabetes Mellitus , Disease Progression , Follow-Up Studies , Headache , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mitochondrial Diseases , Muscular Diseases , Natural History , Neurologic Manifestations , Ophthalmoplegia , Phenotype , RNA, Transfer , Seizures
14.
Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society ; (4): 316-321, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163788

ABSTRACT

Two female patients with clinical features resembling spinal muscular atrophy are introduced. Patient 1 presented with hypotonia and proximal weakness of extremities at the age of 4 months. The electromyography revealed motor neuronopathy suggestive of spinal muscular atrophy. Patient 2 presented with severe hypotonia, motor weakness, and joint contractures since birth. The muscle biopsy finding was consistent with spinal muscular atrophy. However, deletions in the survival motor neuron genes and the neuronal apoptosis inhibitor protein genes were not found in both the patients. They finally showed the clinical features against spinal muscular atrophy; epileptic seizures, cardiomyopathy, and spasticity. We measured the mitochondrial respiratory chain complex enzyme activities in cultured skin fibroblasts, whose results were suggestive of isolated complex I deficiency in both the patients. In conclusion, for the patients who have clinical features resembling SMA without any deletions in the SMA genes it should be considered a possibility of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I deficiency.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Apoptosis , Biopsy , Cardiomyopathies , Contracture , Electromyography , Electron Transport , Electron Transport Complex I , Epilepsy , Extremities , Fibroblasts , Joints , Motor Neurons , Muscle Hypotonia , Muscle Spasticity , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal , Neurons , Parturition , Skin
15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 800-804, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14646

ABSTRACT

Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) deficiency is mostly due to mutations in the X-linked E1alpha subunit gene (PDHA1). Some of the patients with PDHC deficiency showed clinical improvements with thiamine treatment. We report the results of biochemical and molecular analysis in a female patient with lactic acidemia. The PDHC activity was assayed at different concentrations of thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP). The PDHC activity showed null activity at low TPP concentration (1 x 10(-3) mM), but significantly increased at a high TPP concentration (1 mM). Sequencing analysis of PDHA1 gene of the patient revealed a substitution of cysteine for tyrosine at position 161 (Y161C). Thiamine treatment resulted in reduction of the patient's serum lactate concentration and dramatic clinical improvement. Biochemical, molecular, and clinical data suggest that this patient has a thiamine-responsive PDHC deficiency due to a novel mutation, Y161C. Therefore, to detect the thiamine responsiveness it is necessary to measure activities of PDHC not only at high but also at low concentration of TPP.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Female , Thiamine Pyrophosphate/metabolism , Thiamine/therapeutic use , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency Disease/drug therapy , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase (Lipoamide)/genetics , Point Mutation , Cells, Cultured
16.
Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology ; : 105-111, 2005.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-94004

ABSTRACT

Infantile hemangioendothelioma (IHE) is a benign tumor of the liver composed of anastomosing vascular channels lined by plump endothelial cells. The major clinical findings of IHE are abdominal mass, hepatomegaly, cutaneous hemangioma, congestive heart failure, anemia and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. Precise diagnosis of IHE is crucial because medical therapies using steroid and/or interferon can be tried unless there are grave compressive symptoms. Along with CT scan and MRI studies, scintigraphic evaluation with 99mTc-RBC offers an accurate method of identification of these lesions, and allows differentiation from other common primary or secondary hepatic masses. We report two cases of giant IHE of the liver those were diagnosed with 99mTc- RBC scan and confirmed with pathologic evaluation after surgical removal.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Diagnosis , Endothelial Cells , Heart Failure , Hemangioendothelioma , Hemangioma , Hepatomegaly , Interferons , Liver , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radionuclide Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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