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1.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 843-852, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002760

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of problematic smartphone use (PSU) among adolescents and its association with anxiety and suicidal ideation. @*Methods@#The 16th cross-sectional, population-based Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey was administered in 2020 and included 54,948 adolescents. We used the Korean version of the smartphone overdependence scale and the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale to assess PSU and anxiety. Suicidal ideation was assessed through responses to the self-report question. Multiple logistic regression analyses with complex sampling were conducted to identify the association of PSU with anxiety and suicidal ideation. @*Results@#In total, 25.1% of the adolescents reported PSU, 33.2% had anxiety symptoms, and 10.9% had seriously considered suicide during the past 12 months. Girls with PSU had a higher risk of anxiety (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.65 to 2.97) and suicidal ideation (aOR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.64 to 1.91) than non-PSU girls. Boys with PSU reported more anxiety (aOR, 2.89; 95% CI, 2.72 to 3.07) and suicidal ideation (aOR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.66 to 1.99) than the non-PSU group. In addition, girls with the lowest household income reported more suicidal ideation than girls with the highest household income (aOR, 3.40; 95% CI, 2.69 to 4.28). @*Conclusion@#This study demonstrated the prevalence of PSU among South Korean adolescents in 2020. The prioritization of the detection of PSU and the identification of psychological factors may help improve the diagnosis and management of mental health problems and potentially yield significant psychosocial benefits.

2.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1086-1094, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002732

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The health behavior and mental health problems of adolescents have shown a variety of changes due to the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This study compared health behavior, obesity, and mental health among Korean adolescents before and during the early COVID-19 pandemic. @*Methods@#Population-based and cross-sectional data from the 2019 and 2020 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Surveys were used. Data of 57,048 and 54,948 adolescents from the 2019 and 2020 surveys, respectively, were compared. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to compare health behavior, obesity, and mental health before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. @*Results@#The adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of overweight, obesity, and body image perceived subjectively as fat, were higher in the 2020 sample compared to the 2019 sample. The aOR of the frequency (more than 3 times a week) of fast-food consumption was higher in 2020 than in 2019. However, the aOR of physical activity, alcohol use, and smoking experience were lower in 2020 than in 2019. In addition, during COVID-19, adolescents were less likely to have perceived severe stress, depressive moods, and suicidal ideation. @*Conclusion@#Current evidence suggests the co-occurrence of positive and negative changes in health behavior, obesity, and mental health among Korean adolescents during the early COVID-19 pandemic. The results contribute insights for monitoring adolescents’ health behavior and promoting their mental health during school shutdowns.

3.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 750-757, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002713

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study examined the association between social support and postpartum depression (PPD) according to the time after childbirth within 12 months in South Korea. @*Methods@#Data were collected from 1,481 women in Chungnam Province, South Korea from September 21 to 30, 2022. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to examine the association between social support and PPD. Subgroup analysis of the associations of support from family, friends, and significant others with PPD according to the time after childbirth was undertaken using crude and adjusted models. @*Results@#Of the participants, 39.91% had PPD. The prevalence of PPD was 36.05% at <3 months, 37.50% at 3≤ to <6 months, and 44.41% at 6≤ to <12 months. A 1-point increase in the social support score was associated with an increase in the adjusted odds ratio of PPD of 0.91 (95% confidence interval=0.90–0.93). Social support from family was significantly associated with PPD regardless of the time after childbirth. Support from significant others was significantly associated with PPD after 6≤ to <12 months. @*Conclusion@#Family support should be provided consistently to women after birth; social connections with significant others can prevent PPD.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e194-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001141

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to analyze the suicidal warning signs of Korean students with different psychometric profiles based on teacher reports. @*Methods@#This was a retrospective cohort study based on Korean school teachers’ responses to the Student Suicide Report Form. In total, 546 consecutive cases of student suicide were reported from 2017 to 2020. After missing data were excluded, 528 cases were included. The report consisted of demographic factors, the Korean version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for teacher reporting, and warning signs of suicide. Frequency analysis, multiple response analysis, the χ2 test, and Latent Class Analysis (LCA) were performed. @*Results@#Based on the scores of the Korean version of the teacher-reported SDQ, the group was divided into nonsymptomatic (n = 411) and symptomatic (n = 117) groups. Based on the LCA results, four latent hierarchical models were selected. The four classes of deceased students showed significant differences in school type (χ2 = 20.410, P < 0.01), physical illness (χ2 = 7.928, P < 0.05), mental illness (χ2 = 94.332, P < 0.001), trigger events (χ2 = 14.817, P < 0.01), self-harm experience (χ2 = 30.618, P < 0.001), suicide attempts (χ2 = 24.072, P < 0.001), depressive symptoms (χ2 = 59.561, P < 0.001), anxiety (χ2 = 58.165, P < 0.001), impulsivity (χ2 = 62.241, P < 0.001), and social problems (χ2 = 64.952, P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Notably, many students who committed suicide did not have any psychiatric pathology. The proportion of the group with a prosocial appearance was also high. Therefore, the actual suicide warning signals were similar regardless of students’ difficulties and prosocial behaviors, so it is necessary to include this information in gatekeeper education.

5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e221-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001096

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to examine the factors associated with internet gaming disorder (IGD) and the mediating role of pediatric symptoms (attention, externalizing problems and internalizing problems) in children and adolescents with a family history of addiction as an adverse childhood experience (ACE). @*Methods@#A total of 2,586 children and adolescents (mean age = 14.04 ± 2.34; age range = 11–19 years; 50.5% boys) completed the Internet Game Use-Elicited Symptom Screen and the Pediatric Symptom Checklist-17. IBM SPSS Statistics 21 was used to calculate descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation coefficients and to conduct multiple regression analyses.Mediation analysis was performed using the Sobel test and the SPSS PROCESS macro. Serial multiple mediation analysis was performed using bootstrapping with 5,000 replications. @*Results@#The higher levels of Attention problems (β = −0.228, P < 0.001) and externalizing problems (β = −0.213, P < 0.001) were associated with IGD. Furthermore, the indirect effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable through the mediators was significant (Sobel’s T: Z = −5.006, P < 0.001). These findings suggest that attention and externalizing problems mediate the effect of family history of addiction on IGD. @*Conclusion@#This study demonstrated the associations among the family history of addiction, IGD, and pediatric symptoms (attention, externalizing problems, and internalizing problems) among Korean children and adolescents. Therefore, we need to pay attention to pediatric symptoms and develop systematic alternatives to improve mental health among Korean children and adolescents with a family history of addiction as ACEs.

6.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 284-292, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968557

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the Soma experiencing motion (Soma e-motion) program on interoceptive awareness and self-compassion among novices. @*Methods@#A total of 19 adults (clinical group=9, non-clinical group=10) participated in the intervention. Psychological and physical changes after program were qualitatively analyzed using in-depth interviews. The Korean Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (K-MAIA) and the Korean version of the Self-Compassion Scale (K-SCS) were used as quantitative measures. @*Results@#The non-clinical group showed statistically significant differences in the K-MAIA scores (z=-2.805, p0.05; K-SCS: z=-0.178, p>0.05). According to the in-depth interviews, the results of the qualitative analysis were categorized into five dimensions (psychological and emotional, physical, cognitive, behavioral, and aspects participants found challenging and needs improvement). @*Conclusion@#The Soma e-motion program was feasible for improving interoceptive awareness and self-compassion in the non-clinical group. However, further research is needed to investigate the clinical efficacy of the Soma e-motion program for clinical group.

7.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e155-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925975

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to investigate the psychosocial symptoms and experiences of bereaved parents of victims and parents of survivors of the Sewol Ferry accident five years after the accident. @*Methods@#In-depth interviews of 186 bereaved parents of victims or survivors of the Sewol Ferry accident were conducted. We elicited and categorized meaning units relevant to the psychological, cognitive, and physical traits of the participants from these interviews.Differences in responses between bereaved parents and survivors’ parents and between genders were examined using frequency analyses and χ 2 tests. @*Results@#Data were organized under seven headings: observed attitude and impression of participants, difficulties due to mental health problems, difficulties due to physical pain, difficulties in relationships, negative changes following the incident, positive changes following the incident, and help needed. Within these headings, 27 themes, 60 sub-themes, and 80 meaning units were elicited. @*Conclusion@#This study explored the psychiatric, physical, and relational problems reported by bereaved parents and those of survivors as well as major changes in their personal and social lives after the Sewol Ferry accident. Differences in responses according to gender were also identified. The results from this study could inform and facilitate the implementation of intervention measures, such as long-term psychological evaluation, to bereaved parents of victims or survivors of disasters.

8.
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing ; : 147-156, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968193

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare and analyze the job stress of nurses with and without in COVID-19-related work. @*Methods@#A structured self-reported questionnaire survey was conducted to assess job stress. The extent of job stress was compared between nurses with COVID-19 (COVID-19 group) and those without such experience (non-COVID-19 group). Multiple regression analysis was performed to identify the factors influencing job stress. @*Results@#Job stress was higher in the COVID-19 group compared to the non-COVID-19 group (t=2.54, p=.12). In sub-categorical comparison, stress driven by a taxing work environment, relationship conflict, and work schedule was higher in the COVID-19 group than the non-COVID-19 group. Multiple regression analysis revealed the job stress was higher among nurses with COVID-19-related work experience than that of non-experienced nurses. The factors affecting job stress of nurses with COVID-19-related work experience included emergency room work, providing nursing assistant for COVID-patients, and caring for these patients. @*Conclusion@#Since COVID-19-related work experience is a major factor that affects nurses' job stress, it is imperative to provide various support measures for nursing assistants such as providing a break from working in an environment with high risk of infection, adjusting work schedules, resolving conflicts between personnel, and securing support.

9.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 500-504, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903201

ABSTRACT

Somatics refers to body work and movement study that emphasize internal perception and experience. Recently, a new perspective has emerged that views somatics-based techniques as a kind of mindful movement. Somatic techniques as contemplative movement can improve emotional regulation ability through improvement of body awareness or interoception. Based on this background, the present study attempts to develop a somatics based program suitable for a group of clinical patients suffering from emotional dysregulation. This study plans to collect quantitative and qualitative data in order to clarify how interoception and the related emotional regulation ability change after the program. These findings will help to explore whether the somatics technique has potential as an emotion regulation program in the future. In addition, the results are expected to contribute to finding an alternative treatment modality for patients who have not achieved a sufficient effect with conventional psychotherapy.

10.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 500-504, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895497

ABSTRACT

Somatics refers to body work and movement study that emphasize internal perception and experience. Recently, a new perspective has emerged that views somatics-based techniques as a kind of mindful movement. Somatic techniques as contemplative movement can improve emotional regulation ability through improvement of body awareness or interoception. Based on this background, the present study attempts to develop a somatics based program suitable for a group of clinical patients suffering from emotional dysregulation. This study plans to collect quantitative and qualitative data in order to clarify how interoception and the related emotional regulation ability change after the program. These findings will help to explore whether the somatics technique has potential as an emotion regulation program in the future. In addition, the results are expected to contribute to finding an alternative treatment modality for patients who have not achieved a sufficient effect with conventional psychotherapy.

11.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 114-121, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832510

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The study aimed to describe the frequency and associations of the number of medical visits for the violent victimization and mental health problems in adolescents in South Korea. @*Methods@#In 2017, 62,276 middle and high school students participated in the thirteenth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS). The frequency of violence victimization during the last 12 months was measured. The collected data were analyzed by applying descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, multiple linear regression, and logistic regression analysis, using the SPSS 22.0. The data were weighted to generate national estimates. @*Results@#Among the respondents (sample size=62,276, weighted=3,027,488), 3.7% of boys and 1.7% of girls had experienced being treated by a doctor due to violence during the recent past 12 months. In multiple linear regression analysis, feelings of sadness or hopeless, suicide ideation, suicide plan, suicide attempt were positively associated with violence victimization (F=32656.037, p<0.001) dose response. @*Conclusion@#The results found cross-sectional evidence that violence victimization was associated with higher suicide behavior and depressed mood. The victims of violence should be referred follow-up for physical and psychological issues. Also, a policy including the first responders and medical staffs should be initiated.

12.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e240-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831605

ABSTRACT

Background@#We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of trauma-focused group therapy in adolescents exposed to traumatic events in Korea. @*Methods@#We recruited 22 adolescents (mean age, 16 years; standard deviation, 1.43; range, 13–18 years). Children in Disaster: Evaluation and Recovery (CIDER) V1.0 is a trauma-focused group therapy comprising eight 50-minute-long sessions. The effectiveness of the intervention was evaluated using the Korean version of the Children's Response to Traumatic Events Scale-Revised (K-CRTES-R), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the State Anxiety Inventory for Children (SAIC), and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL). The data were analyzed by the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. @*Results@#A significant improvement was revealed in trauma-related symptom scores (Z = −2.85, P < 0.01), depressive symptom scores (Z = −2.35, P< 0.05) and quality of life scores (Z = −3.08, P< 0.01). Additionally, a marginally significant improvement was found in anxiety symptom scores (Z = −1.90, P = 0.058). @*Conclusion@#CIDER is a potentially effective intervention for adolescents exposed to traumatic events. Larger controlled trials are needed.

13.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e282-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831532

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mediating effect of depressive symptoms on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and problematic internet use. The study participants were 180 students between the ages of 9 and 18 years. Path analysis was performed to measure the relationships among ACEs, depressive symptoms and problematic internet use. ACEs significantly affected depressive symptoms (standardized regression weight, 0.36; P < 0.01), and depressive symptoms also affected problematic internet use (standardized regression weight, 0.40; P < 0.01). We found that depressive symptoms had a significant mediating effect on the relationship between problematic internet use and ACEs. The management of depressive symptoms would be important to prevent problematic internet use in children and adolescents with ACEs.

14.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e421-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892035

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to investigate the impact of exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and stress among the community-based urban pediatric population in Korea. @*Methods@#In 2017, the analysis was conducted on 3,937 children and adolescents in an urban area in Korea based on the impact of actual traumatic experience, addiction, and mental health. The respondents were excluded if they were missing data on the survey, resulting in a final sample size of 3,556. The collected data were analyzed by applying cross-sectional and correlation analyses. @*Results@#Among the respondents in the study group (mean age = 13.77), 43.1% were boys (n = 1,532) and 56.9% were girls (n = 2,024). Overall, 23.5% (n = 835) reported at least one ACE and 1.8% (n = 63) reported experiencing four or more ACEs. Emotional abuse (13.2%) was the most commonly reported ACE, followed by abandonment (7.7%) and physical abuse (7.5%).Self-reported measures of stress were associated with the ACE scores. @*Conclusion@#This is the first study of self-reported ACEs from a community-based pediatric population in Korea. We found that the number of the students revealed more than one ACEs was similar to the data in the US community study with self-reporting among the community samples and exposure to adverse experiences is highly correlated with various stress responses.

15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e421-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899739

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to investigate the impact of exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and stress among the community-based urban pediatric population in Korea. @*Methods@#In 2017, the analysis was conducted on 3,937 children and adolescents in an urban area in Korea based on the impact of actual traumatic experience, addiction, and mental health. The respondents were excluded if they were missing data on the survey, resulting in a final sample size of 3,556. The collected data were analyzed by applying cross-sectional and correlation analyses. @*Results@#Among the respondents in the study group (mean age = 13.77), 43.1% were boys (n = 1,532) and 56.9% were girls (n = 2,024). Overall, 23.5% (n = 835) reported at least one ACE and 1.8% (n = 63) reported experiencing four or more ACEs. Emotional abuse (13.2%) was the most commonly reported ACE, followed by abandonment (7.7%) and physical abuse (7.5%).Self-reported measures of stress were associated with the ACE scores. @*Conclusion@#This is the first study of self-reported ACEs from a community-based pediatric population in Korea. We found that the number of the students revealed more than one ACEs was similar to the data in the US community study with self-reporting among the community samples and exposure to adverse experiences is highly correlated with various stress responses.

16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e38-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765144

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Two hundred and fifty 11th grade students and teachers from Danwon High School drowned, during a school trip, in the Sewol Ferry Disaster. The goal of this study was to investigate the experiences of the psychiatrists who volunteered and provided psychiatric services to the students at Danwon High School. METHODS: From the second day to the 138th day after the disaster, pro bono psychiatrists provided post-disaster interventions to the 10th and 12th-grade Danwon High School students who did not attend the trip. Officially, 167 psychiatrists conducted outreach in approximately 550 encounters. The study questionnaires were distributed retrospectively to psychiatric volunteers who conducted outreach at Danwon High School. We surveyed the pro bono psychiatrists about their experiences, including the students' chief complaints, psychiatric problems, clinical diagnoses, and psychiatrists' treatment recommendations. RESULTS: We reached 72 (43.1%) of the 167 volunteers, and they reported on 212 (38.6%) of the 550 encounters. The common chief complaints were mental health problems, companion problems, and family problems. The most frequent psychiatric symptoms were anxiety (76.89%), depressive mood (51.42%), and concentration difficulty (50.94%). The most frequent clinical diagnoses of the students were normal reaction (41.04%), acute stress disorder (24.53%), adjustment disorder (17.92%), anxiety disorders (9.43%), and posttraumatic stress disorder (6.60%). More than half of the students needed “additional counseling/therapy” (41.04%) or “referral to psychiatric treatment” (14.15%). CONCLUSION: During the acute aftermath of the Sewol Ferry Disaster, volunteer psychiatrists were able to provide services. These services included psychiatric assessments, crisis counseling, psychological first aid, and referrals for ongoing care. More than half of the students were perceived to have a psychiatric diagnosis, and a substantial proportion of students needed further treatment. Future research should focus on the short- and long-term effects of psychiatric interventions and the characterization of post-disaster mental health needs and service provision patterns.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Adjustment Disorders , Anxiety , Anxiety Disorders , Counseling , Diagnosis , Disasters , First Aid , Friends , Mental Disorders , Mental Health , Psychiatry , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute , Volunteers
17.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 513-523, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760959

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the experience of volunteer psychiatrists who provided mental health interventions to adolescents and teachers of Danwon High School from April 16, 2014, to November 30, 2014. METHODS: Data for this study were collected from 72 volunteer psychiatrists about their intervention experiences for 212 adolescents and 32 teachers during the eight months following the disaster. Developmental survey themes were identified, and coding was used to analyze the data. In addition, qualitative data analysis was performed using ATLAS.ti (version 8.2, 2018, ATLAS.ti GmbH). RESULTS: A volunteer prepared with appropriate mental health interventions may facilitate the emergency response to a disaster. Intervention services included psychological first aid, psychoeducation, screening, anxiety reduction techniques, and group therapy. CONCLUSION: In the acute aftermath of the Sewol Ferry disaster of April 16, 2014, volunteer psychiatrists were able to provide mental health interventions in a disaster response setting. The outcomes from this study have important policy and mental health system implications for volunteer psychiatrists. The results of this study constitute the basis of a better understanding of the essential mechanisms of crisis interventions after a disaster.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Anxiety , Clinical Coding , Crisis Intervention , Disasters , Emergencies , First Aid , Mass Screening , Mental Health , Psychiatry , Psychotherapy, Group , Statistics as Topic , Volunteers
18.
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; : 161-171, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the process of psychosocial assessment, the experience of intervention, and the improvement after the disaster that Danwon high school students survived from the sinking of the Motor Vessel (MV) Sewol in South Korea on April 16, 2014. METHODS: We conducted in-depth qualitative research using individual interviews from January to February 2017. Twenty-one of 75 Danwon high school students survived by the MV Sewol disaster were studied. Two interviewers participated in the in-depth interview. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, coded, and analyzed through content analysis based on psychosocial assessment and intervention after the disaster. RESULTS: Twenty-one participants were 20 years old, where 10 were male (47.62%), and 11 were female (52.38%). More than 75% of the interviewed students felt that mental health services were needed, and more than 85% required mental health assessments. Regarding psychiatric symptoms, the students reported that they suffered depression and insomnia (19.05%), anxiety (14.29%), nightmares and phobias (9.52%), and difficulties regarding concentration, aggression, and game addiction (4.76%). CONCLUSION: Despite survivors experiencing the same disaster, there were differences in their responses to mental health assessments and interventions experienced during the three years, and conflicting opinions were reported. In planning future evaluations and interventions, it is necessary for strategies to cope with flexibly to consider the characteristics and symptoms of the survivors while maintaining principles.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Aggression , Anxiety , Depression , Disasters , Dreams , Korea , Mental Health Services , Mental Health , Phobic Disorders , Qualitative Research , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Survivors
19.
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; : 88-100, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to conduct a systematic review of studies investigating psychosocial factors affecting children exposed to disasters. METHODS: In total, 140 studies were retrieved. The studies were published from 1988 to 2015. A systematic review was performed using the PRISMA guidelines. MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central, Web of Science, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched. Each database was searched using the following terms: ‘Child,’‘Adolescent,’‘Youth,’‘Disaster,’‘Posttraumatic,’‘Psychosocial,’‘Assessment,’‘Evaluation,’ and ‘Screening.’ The identified studies were subjected to data extraction and appraisal. RESULTS: The database search identified 713 articles. Based on the titles and abstracts, the full texts of 118 articles were obtained. The findings of this review can be used as a basis for the design of a psychosocial evaluation tool for disaster preparedness. CONCLUSION: Given the paramount importance of post-disaster evaluation and the weaknesses of current disaster evaluation tools, the need to develop valid and reliable tools and psychometric evaluations cannot be overstated. Our findings provide current evidence supporting various assessments in children, who are very vulnerable psychologically following disasters.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Disasters , Mental Health , Psychology , Psychometrics
20.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 900-903, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126363

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to describe the psychiatric symptoms in the teachers from Danwon High School who were exposed to the sinking of the Motor Vessel Sewol. METHODS: Data were collected from 32 teachers who underwent psychiatric interventions by 16 volunteer psychiatrists for 3 months after the sinking of the Motor Vessel Sewol. RESULTS: The most commonly diagnosed clinical diagnosis in the teachers were normal reaction, acute stress disorder and adjustment disorder. Psychiatric symptoms including anxiety, depressed mood and sleep disturbances were also observed. CONCLUSION: In the acute aftermath of the Sewol Ferry sinking on April 16, 2014, psychiatrists volunteered to provide professional psychiatric interventions to Danwon High School teachers. These results suggest the importance of crisis intervention focused on the teachers who are exposed to disasters. The implications for future research and interventions are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adjustment Disorders , Anxiety , Crisis Intervention , Diagnosis , Disasters , Psychiatry , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute , Volunteers
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