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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925249

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the longitudinal effects of children’s temperament on maternal depression. @*Methods@#Data from a longitudinal cohort of the Panel Study of Korean Children (PSKC) from 2010 to 2012 were analyzed using hierarchical linear modeling. The survey included 1,721 mother-child dyads. The mothers reported on their children’s temperament and on maternal depression. The children’s temperament was measured by the Emotionality, Activity and Sociability-Temperament Survey for Children-Parental Ratings, while maternal depression was measured by the Kessler 6 Psychological Distress Scale. @*Results@#The results showed that both children’s temperament and maternal depression were relatively stable when the children were between the ages of 2 to 4. The mean maternal depression scores were 11.83 in 2010, 11.88 in 2011, and 11.75 in 2012. There were significant negative correlations between the maternal depression scores and children’s ages, and sociability and activity subdomain scores ranged from r=-.05 to -.11 (p<.05). There was a significant positive correlation between children’s emotionality subdomain scores and maternal depression scores (r=.35, p<.001). Children’s temperament rament (emotionality: β=0.26, activity: β=-0.07, and sociability: β=-0.03) were significant factors in maternal depression. @*Conclusion@#These findings indicate the need for the early assessment of and intervention for children’s temperament and maternal depression. The results of this study will provide basic data for the development of nursing education programs related to early assessment and intervention to improve the health and quality of life of young children and mothers.

2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893419

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the correction of vertical strabismus associated with exotropia by vertical transposition of the horizontal muscle to an extent equal to half the muscle width combined with muscle recession-resection. @*Methods@#We enrolled patients with vertical strabismus of 4-15 prism diopters (PD) associated with exotropia who were not scheduled for vertical rectus or oblique muscle surgery. Regardless of the strabismus angle, the insertion site of the horizontal muscle was vertically transposed by half the muscle width during surgery. Success was defined as a vertical strabismus angle of 2 PD or less. @*Results@#The preoperative mean exodeviation far angle in 41 patients was 27.8 PD and the average vertical strabismus far angle 8.1 PD. The success rate of exotropia surgery was 68.3%. The mean vertical strabismus angle was 2.8 PD on postoperative day 1 and the success rate of vertical strabismus surgery 92.7%. Undercorrection was evident in 4.9% of patients and overcorrection in 2.4%. The preoperative vertical strabismus angle was strongly associated with the residual angle after surgery (r = 0.386, p = 0.013). Receiver operating curve analysis revealed that the preoperative vertical strabismus far angle cutoff was 11 PDs. No patient factor significantly influenced vertical strabismus correction. @*Conclusions@#Vertical transposition of the horizontal muscle by half of the muscle width may correct vertical strabismus of far angle 11 PDs or less.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892738

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which gastric contents regurgitate into the esophagus or beyond, resulting in either troublesome symptoms or complications. GERD is heterogeneous in terms of varied manifestations, test findings, and treatment responsiveness. GERD diagnosis can be established with symptomatology, pathology, or physiology. Recently the Lyon consensus defined the “proven GERD” with concrete evidence for reflux, including advanced grade erosive esophagitis (Los Angeles classification grades C and or D esophagitis), long-segment Barrett’s mucosa or peptic strictures on endoscopy or distal esophageal acid exposure time > 6% on 24-hour ambulatory pH-impedance monitoring. However, some Asian researchers have different opinions on whether the same standards should be applied to the Asian population. The prevalence of GERD is increasing in Asia. The present evidence-based guidelines were developed using a systematic review and meta-analysis approach. In GERD with typical symptoms, a proton pump inhibitor test can be recommended as a sensitive, cost-effective, and practical test for GERD diagnosis.Based on a meta-analysis of 19 estimated acid-exposure time values in Asians, the reference range upper limit for esophageal acid exposure time was 3.2% (95% confidence interval, 2.7-3.9%) in the Asian countries. Esophageal manometry and novel impedance measurements, including mucosal impedance and a post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave, are promising in discrimination of GERD among different reflux phenotypes, thus increasing its diagnostic yield. We also propose a long-term strategy of evidence-based GERD treatment with proton pump inhibitors and other drugs.

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901123

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the correction of vertical strabismus associated with exotropia by vertical transposition of the horizontal muscle to an extent equal to half the muscle width combined with muscle recession-resection. @*Methods@#We enrolled patients with vertical strabismus of 4-15 prism diopters (PD) associated with exotropia who were not scheduled for vertical rectus or oblique muscle surgery. Regardless of the strabismus angle, the insertion site of the horizontal muscle was vertically transposed by half the muscle width during surgery. Success was defined as a vertical strabismus angle of 2 PD or less. @*Results@#The preoperative mean exodeviation far angle in 41 patients was 27.8 PD and the average vertical strabismus far angle 8.1 PD. The success rate of exotropia surgery was 68.3%. The mean vertical strabismus angle was 2.8 PD on postoperative day 1 and the success rate of vertical strabismus surgery 92.7%. Undercorrection was evident in 4.9% of patients and overcorrection in 2.4%. The preoperative vertical strabismus angle was strongly associated with the residual angle after surgery (r = 0.386, p = 0.013). Receiver operating curve analysis revealed that the preoperative vertical strabismus far angle cutoff was 11 PDs. No patient factor significantly influenced vertical strabismus correction. @*Conclusions@#Vertical transposition of the horizontal muscle by half of the muscle width may correct vertical strabismus of far angle 11 PDs or less.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900442

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which gastric contents regurgitate into the esophagus or beyond, resulting in either troublesome symptoms or complications. GERD is heterogeneous in terms of varied manifestations, test findings, and treatment responsiveness. GERD diagnosis can be established with symptomatology, pathology, or physiology. Recently the Lyon consensus defined the “proven GERD” with concrete evidence for reflux, including advanced grade erosive esophagitis (Los Angeles classification grades C and or D esophagitis), long-segment Barrett’s mucosa or peptic strictures on endoscopy or distal esophageal acid exposure time > 6% on 24-hour ambulatory pH-impedance monitoring. However, some Asian researchers have different opinions on whether the same standards should be applied to the Asian population. The prevalence of GERD is increasing in Asia. The present evidence-based guidelines were developed using a systematic review and meta-analysis approach. In GERD with typical symptoms, a proton pump inhibitor test can be recommended as a sensitive, cost-effective, and practical test for GERD diagnosis.Based on a meta-analysis of 19 estimated acid-exposure time values in Asians, the reference range upper limit for esophageal acid exposure time was 3.2% (95% confidence interval, 2.7-3.9%) in the Asian countries. Esophageal manometry and novel impedance measurements, including mucosal impedance and a post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave, are promising in discrimination of GERD among different reflux phenotypes, thus increasing its diagnostic yield. We also propose a long-term strategy of evidence-based GERD treatment with proton pump inhibitors and other drugs.

6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915292

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the factors influencing the interaction between mothers and preschool-age children and construct a structural equation model based on the factors identified. @*Methods@#The data were collected from the mothers of children aged three to six years enrolled in kindergartens in Seoul, Gyeonggi, Chungbuk, and Jeonbuk. A total of 328 questionnaires were used for the analysis. Analysis was performed using SPSS 26.0 and AMOS 26.0 programs. @*Results@#The child’s self-regulation (β = .42, p < .001) had the most significant influence on the interaction between mothers and preschool children, followed by the mother’s parenting stress (β = - .23, p = .008), social support (β = .17, p < .001), and the child’s active temperament (β = .15, p < .001). The child’s gender, emotional temperament, social temperament, and mother’s education level had indirect influences. @*Conclusion@#These results suggest that interventions considering the child’s temperament, mother’s parenting stress, and social support are required to promote the interaction between preschool-age children and mothers.

7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835955

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to update the previously published nursing practice guideline for oral care. @*Methods@#The guideline were updated according to the manuals developed by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN), and a Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Developer Version 1.0. @*Results@#Updated nursing practice guideline for oral care was consisted of 10 domains and 79 recommendations. The number of recommendations in each domain were: 5 general issues, 2 oral care indications, 9 oral assessment, 16 general oral care, 12 oral care for critically ill patients, 16 oral care for cancer patients, 12 oral care for cancer patients with oral complications, 5 oral care education, 1 oral care referral, and 1 documentation and report. In terms of grades for recommendations, 11.4% was grade A, 17.0% was grade B, and 68.2% was grade C. Twelve new recommendations were developed and 7 previous recommendations were deleted. @*Conclusion@#Updated nursing practice guideline for oral care is expected to serve as an evidence-based practice guideline for oral care in South Korea. It is recommended that this guideline be spread to clinical nursing settings nationwide to improve the effectiveness of oral care practice.

8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831164

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study explored the relationships of maturity fears and appearance interest(interest in appearance, interest in weight) with self-concept among girls with precocious puberty. @*Methods@#The participants for this study were 120 elementary school students (8 to 10 years old) and their parents from two hospitals located in Chungcheong Province. Data were collected from January to February 2019 using self-reported questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the independent t-test, the Mann-Whitney U test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis in SPSS for Windows version 23.0. @*Results@#Statistically significant negative correlations were found between self-concept and maturity fears (r=-.34, p<.001) and interest in weight (r=-.29, p=.001). Maturity fears were identified as a factor affecting the self-concept of girls with precocious puberty (β=-.34, p<.001). This variable explained 11.5% of the variance in the self-concept of girls who experienced precocious puberty. @*Conclusion@#This study confirmed that maturity fears had a major influence on self-concept in girls with precocious puberty. The results of this study can be used as basic data for the development of a psychosocial nursing intervention program for girls who experience precocious puberty.

9.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831154

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this integrative review was to synthesize previous research on perceptions of school health care among school-aged children and adolescents with chronic diseases. @*Methods@#This study was performed in accordance with Whittemore and Knafl's stages of an integrative review (problem identification, literature search, data evaluation, data analysis, and presentation of the results). Four databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Web of Science) were used to retrieve relevant articles. @*Results@#Eighteen articles were included in this review. We identified five thematic categories: peer-related issues, a safe school environment, self-perception of an existing disease, self-management, and a supportive school environment. @*Conclusion@#It is necessary to establish a school health care system with a supportive environment for children and adolescents with chronic diseases.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833247

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We investigated the reading speeds of elementary school-aged children with or without intermittent exotropia. @*Methods@#Children between the ages of 7 and 12 years with intermittent exotropia without amblyopia (n = 37) and normal-sighted children (n = 37) were included. Near-stereopsis and fusion were evaluated. Reading speeds were calculated using a Korean reading speed application, twice: once for reading the sentence silently (reading only) and a second time for reading the sentence aloud (reading & speaking). Reading speed was recorded in words per minute (WPM) and letters per minute (LPM) according to the size of the letters. The factors related to reading speed were analyzed, and the reading speeds of the two groups were compared. @*Results@#The rate of fusion at far and near extremes was lower in the intermittent exotropia group than in the control group (p = 0.028). There was a significant correlation between age and reading only speed and reading & speaking speed for both groups (p = 0.006, p = 0.004). Both WPM and LPM reading speeds of the reading only intermittent exotropia group were slower than those of the control group (p = 0.048, p = 0.050); however, the differences between groups became more pronounced after correction for the age distribution (p = 0.029, p = 0.035). LPM reading speed for middle-sized letters was significantly slower in the intermittent exotropia group than in the control group (p = 0.046). There was no statistical difference between the two groups regarding the reading speed or reading & speaking speed. @*Conclusions@#the reading only and reading & speaking speeds increased with the age of the student, regardless of whether the student had intermittent exotropia. The reading only speed was considerably slower in the intermittent exotropia group. Thus, measures should be taken to monitor the reading development of younger school-aged children with intermittent exotropia carefully to allow for early intervention should issues arise.

11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764767

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of compassion competence and organizational commitment on customer orientation in hospital nurses. METHODS: The participant of this study was 223 nurses who have worked at a tertiary hospital in Chungcheong Province for at least one year. The general characteristics, compassion competence, organizational commitment, and customer orientation of the participants were collected, using self-reported questionnaires, from June 15 to June 29, 2018. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA (Scheffé test), Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression using an SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. RESULTS: Customer orientation was significantly associated with organizational commitment (r=.51, p<.001), and compassion competence (r=.74, p<.001). Compassion competence (β=.62, p<.001), organizational commitment (β=.17, p=.004), and marital status (β=.11, p=.034) were identified as the predictors of customer orientation. These variables explained 59.1% of the variance in customer orientation. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed that compassion competence and organizational commitment may have an impact on customer orientation in hospital Nurses. Therefore, to improve customer orientation in hospital nurses, it is necessary to develop interventions and education programs considering these factors.


Subject(s)
Education , Empathy , Marital Status , Mental Competency , Tertiary Care Centers
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763239

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the influence of ego-identity, parenting efficacy, and stress coping style on depression in mothers of toddlers. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. Data were collected from 164 mothers of toddlers, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, the t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS for Windows version 24.0. RESULTS: The factors influencing depression in mothers of toddlers included ego-identity, economic status, and perceived health status. These variables explained 60.0% of depression in mothers of toddlers. CONCLUSION: Lower ego-identity was associated with more intense depression. Therefore, healthcare providers should develop intervention programs that can improve ego-identity to decrease depression among mothers of toddlers.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Depression , Health Personnel , Humans , Mothers , Parenting , Parents
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738581

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To explore whether genetic and environmental factors influenced ophthalmic disease among children of multicultural families, ethnic Koreans, and native Koreans. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 120 patients who visited the pediatric ophthalmology clinic of a university hospital were included. They were equally divided into three groups: a multicultural group, an ethnic Korean group, and a native Korean group. Parental nationalities, age, gender, chief complaint, visual acuity, refractive error, diagnosis at the initial visit and the extent of compliance with treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the multicultural group, 14 (35%) of 40 patients were Chinese immigrants, and constituted the most common subgroup. None of the age at initial visit, gender, the prevalence of refractive error, or amblyopia status differed significantly among the three groups. In the multicultural and native Korean groups, the proportions of abnormal eye positioning as the chief complaint were higher than that of the ethnic Korean group (p = 0.005). The most common diagnosis in the two former groups was strabismus. Myopia was the most common diagnosis in the ethnic Korean group. The prevalence of strabismus in the multicultural group (55%) was significantly higher than that in the native Korean group (30%) and the ethnic Korean group (20%) (p = 0.003). The prevalence of strabismus in the multicultural group was significantly higher than in the other groups (p = 0.003). However, we found no significant difference in strabismus subtype among the three groups. In the general family group, the extent of loss to follow-up was significantly higher than in the other groups (p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The chief complaint, the prevalence of ophthalmic disease, and the compliance rate differed significantly among the three groups. Both genetic and environmental factors may have played a role.


Subject(s)
Amblyopia , Asians , Child , Compliance , Diagnosis , Emigrants and Immigrants , Ethnicity , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Myopia , Ophthalmology , Parents , Prevalence , Refractive Errors , Retrospective Studies , Strabismus , Visual Acuity
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738569

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the therapeutic results of the patients wearing the prism glasses due to strabismus with diplopia unrelated to strabismus surgery. METHODS: Between May 2002 and October 2016, this retrospective study evaluated medical records of 23 patients who were wearing prism glasses due to strabismus with diplopia unrelated to strabismus surgery. The patients failed to adjust to the prism glasses and stopped within 3 months were defined as the adaptation failure group. The patients wearing prism glasses for 3 months or more was defined as adaptation success group. In the prism adaptation success group, he patients who underwent strabismus surgery during follow up were defined as treatment failure. Data were collected the types and causes of strabismus, the deviation angle at starting treatment of prism glasses and last visits, best corrected visual acuity, Titmus stereo test and Worth 4 dot test. RESULTS: Of the total 23 patients, 18 patients had horizontal strabismus, four patients had vertical strabismus and one had horizontal and vertical strabismus. The causes of strabismus were acute acquired comitant esotropia (12 patients), paralytic strabismus (9 patients), and thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (two patients). There was no significant changes in deviation angle as well as the prism diopter of prism glasses after prism glasses treatmet. The prism glasses-adaptation group was 70%, and 31% of them were performed strabismus surgery. There was no reduction in visual acuity in all patients. Among the prism glasses adaptation group, 33% of the prism glasses-adaptation group had poor binocular function. CONCLUSIONS: In the strabismus patients with diplopia unrelated to strabismus surgery 70% of the patients adapted prism glasses more than 3 months and 31% of them required strabismus surgery. Therefore, prism glasses treatment may be one of the non-surgical approaches in the strabismus patients with diplopia unrelated to strabismus surgery.


Subject(s)
Diplopia , Esotropia , Eyeglasses , Follow-Up Studies , Glass , Graves Ophthalmopathy , Humans , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Strabismus , Telescopes , Treatment Failure , Visual Acuity
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738508

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical features and treatment outcomes of smartphone overusers with acute acquired comitant esotropia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients ≥ 15 years of age who used a smartphone for > 4 hours a day for > 1 year, and who were diagnosed with acute acquired comitant esotropia from May 2011 to January 2016. We analyzed sex, age at the time of manifestation and duration of esotropia, refractive error, deviated angle at the first and final visits, and the results of refraining from smartphone use, use of the Fresnel prism, and surgery for esotropia. RESULTS: A total of 13 patients were studied, including 8 males and 5 females. The mean age at development of esotropia was 22.7 ± 9.7 years. The mean duration of esotropia before the first visit was 28.0 ± 33.0 months, and the mean follow-up period was 16.4 ± 16.4 months. The mean angle of esotropia was 21.8 ± 7.0 prism diopters (PD) at distance and 22.2 ± 7.9 PD at near. There were eight myopic patients; the other patients were emmetropia. The esotropia of all patients did not improve after refraining from smartphone use. There was no improvement in five patients who were wearing the Fresnel prism for ≥ 4 months. A total of six patients were treated with bilateral medial rectus recession; only one patient remained orthotropic at postoperative 6 months, three patients were undercorrected, and two had a recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Esotropia persisted after refraining from smartphone use or wearing a Fresnel prism in acute acquired comitant esotropia patients who were smartphone overusers, and the surgical prognosis of these patients was relatively poor.


Subject(s)
Emmetropia , Esotropia , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Medical Records , Prognosis , Recurrence , Refractive Errors , Retrospective Studies , Smartphone
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750265

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This descriptive study was conducted to identify the effects of hospital organizational culture and work environment on nurses' intent to stay at work. METHODS: Participants of this study were 234 nurses who have worked at a local general hospital in the Chungcheong province for at least 6 months. The data were collected from July 17 to 28, 2017, using self-reported questionnaires and analyzed with multiple regression using SPSS version 22.0. RESULTS: Clinical experience (β=.38, p<.001), institutional support (β=.33, p<.001), and relation-oriented culture (β=.24, p<.001) affected intent to stay at work among nurses. These variables accounted for 34.8% of the variance in intent to stay at work among nurses. CONCLUSION: This study confirms the effects of the work environment and organizational culture on nurses' intent to stay at work. Efforts for improving the work environment and organizational culture need for retaining nurses in a hospital. We suggest further research to identify the other factors associated with intent to stay at work among nurses.


Subject(s)
Hospitals, General , Intention , Organizational Culture
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739324

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Quality of life is important to everyone including school-age children. Therefore this study was done to identify the effects perceived daily stress and sense of humor on quality of life for these children. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional, descriptive study design with 371 participants from 5th and 6th grade children in 5 elementary schools. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 24.0 program. RESULTS: Factors influencing quality of life in school-age children were daily stress, sense of humor, satisfaction with daily life, academic performance and home atmosphere. These variables explained 63.0% of quality of life in school-age children. CONCLUSION: Results showed that lower daily stress and higher sense of humor are associated with higher quality of life. Therefore, to improve quality of life in school-age children, healthcare providers should develop intervention programs considering these factors.


Subject(s)
Atmosphere , Child , Health Personnel , Humans , Quality of Life
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718112

ABSTRACT

We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of long-acting injectable (LAI) and oral second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) in treating schizophrenia by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library, as well as five Korean databases, were systemically searched to identify studies published from 2000 to 16 April 2015, which compared the efficacy and safety of LAI and oral SGAs. Using data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses were conducted. In addition, the GRADE (the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach was applied to explicitly assess the quality of the evidence. A total of 30 studies including 17 RCTs and 13 observational studies were selected. The group treated with LAI SGAs was characterized by significantly lower relapse rates, longer times to relapse and fewer hospital days, but also by a higher occurrence of extrapyramidal syndrome and prolactin-related symptoms than that in the group treated with oral SGAs. Our findings demonstrate that there is moderate to high level of evidence suggesting that in the treatment of schizophrenia, LAI SGAs have higher efficacy and are associated with higher rates of extrapyramidal syndrome and prolactin-related symptoms. Additionally, the use of LAI SGAs should be combined with appropriate measures to reduce dopamine D2 antagonism-related symptoms.


Subject(s)
Antipsychotic Agents , Dopamine , Recurrence , Schizophrenia
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155106

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the factors that influence the clinical practice of nursing students and to identify the mediating effects of spiritual well-being in the relation between stress of clinical practice and burnout caused by clinical practice. METHODS: Data were collected by self-report questionnaires targeting 420 nursing students in three nursing colleges located in Gyeonggi and Chungnam province. RESULTS: Burnout of clinical practice according to general characteristics of the study subjects showed significant difference in religion (t=1.895, p=.049). Stress of clinical practice and burnout of clinical practice showed positive correlation (r=.42, p<.001), existential spiritual well-being showed negative correlation between stress of clinical practice (r=-.17, p<.001) and burnout of clinical practice (r=-.47, p<.001). In addition, religious spiritual well-being in spiritual well-being showed no mediating effects and existential spiritual well-being showed mediating effects between burnout in clinical practice stress. CONCLUSION: In order to alleviate the stress of clinical practice for burnout of clinical practice prevention of nursing students, solutions to improve the existential spiritual well-being will be required in the future.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , Humans , Negotiating , Nursing , Spirituality , Stress, Psychological , Students, Nursing
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172657

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate NICU nurses' nursing interventions for pain and factors affecting nursing interventions for pain. METHODS: Participants were 120 NICU nurses from 5 university hospitals located in Daejeon Metropolitan City and Chungcheong Province. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and Duncan test, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis with SPSS Windows 23.0 IBM program. RESULTS: The factors affecting nursing interventions for pain included knowledge about non-pharmacological nursing interventions for pain and self-efficacy about nursing interventions for pain. These variables explained 28.3% of nursing interventions for pain. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that it is necessary to develop education programs in which effective nursing interventions for neonatal pain are considered. The programs should be made available to NICU nurses.


Subject(s)
Education , Empathy , Hospitals, University , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Nursing
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