Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 994-1000, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800435

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To quantitatively detect CD44 expression in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) for comparative analysis.@*Methods@#Patients with chronic liver diseases accompanied with or without NAFLD, including chronic hepatitis B, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma after chronic hepatitis B, and healthy blood donors as normal controls who admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from May to October 2018 were selected. The proportion of CD44 positive cells was analyzed by flow cytometry. CD44 level was quantified by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the biochemical indicators such as serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase activity, total cholesterol and triglyceride were routinely analyzed. The cancerous and adjacent cancerous tissues of patients accompanied with or without NAFLD were collected by self-matching method and analyzed by immunoblotting and histochemistry and compared by CD44 integrated optical density. Image-Pro Plus version 6.0, Image J, GraphPad Prism 5.0, Photoshop, Microsoft Excel and IBM SPSS statistics 23 were used to analyze and draw pictures. An independent sample t-test was used to compare the differences between groups.@*Results@#Patients accompanied with NAFLD had hepatocyte injury and dyslipidemia. NAFLD and chronic liver disease patients had significantly elevated serum CD44 levels than normal control group (P < 0.01). CD44 positive lymphocyte ratio was 78.19 % ± 16.33 % in NAFLD patients and 68.47% ± 20.91% in chronic hepatitis B group, which was higher than the control group (46.51% ± 20.52%). Chronic hepatitis B group with steatosis had significantly higher CD44 concentration (181.42 ± 49.36) ng/ml than chronic hepatitis B group (142.52 ± 53.87) ng/ml and normal control group (99.47 ± 15.23) ng/ml. CD44/GAPDH ratio in the liver cancer group (1.306 ± 0.614) was significantly higher than paracancerous group (0.477 ± 0.291) and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (t = 3.451, P = 0.004). The integrated optical density of CD44 in the NAFLD-related liver cancer and paracancerous group were 25.721 ± 5.881 and 14.155 ± 4.001 and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (t = 14.544, P < 0.001). The pathological features of high expression of CD44 in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were significantly correlated with HBV infection, tumor size, single/multi-center, and lymph node metastasis, degree of differentiation, TNM grade, Child-Pugh score, portal vein tumor thrombus and extrahepatic metastasis. HCC patients with NAFLD had significantly higher serum CD44 (234.62 ± 69.40) ng/ml than patients without NAFLD (186.49 ± 58.89) ng/ml (t = -3.191, P = 0.002), but there was no statistically significant difference in the clinicopathological characteristics between the high/low CD44 groups of HCC patients with NAFLD.@*Conclusion@#The results suggest that CD44 is abnormally activated and its mechanism may play an important role in the progression of NAFLD.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1226-1230, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705180

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of rhynchophyl-line on the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase ( TH) in hippocampus of methamphetamine-induced condition place preference ( CPP) mice. Methods Metham- phetamine was injected intraperitoneally to mice, and the expression of TH was observed by immunohisto-chemistry and Western blot. Results The CPP mouse model was established successfully by methamphet-amine ( 4 mg·kg-1) . Ketamine ( 15 mg·kg-1) , rhynchophylline low dosage group (40 mg·kg-1) and rhynchophylline high dosage group ( 80 mg·kg-1) could remove the effect of methamphetamine on CPP mice. The result of immunohistochemistry showed that methamphetamine ( 4 mg·kg-1) could increase the number of TH positive cells in hippocampus while ket-amine (4 mg·kg-1), rhynchophylline (40, 80 mg· kg-1) group could attenuate the change. Western blot-ting indicated the expression of TH of model group in-creased significantly, whereas ketamine ( 15 mg· kg-1) , rhynchophylline ( 40, 80 mg·kg-1) group presented less expression. Conclusions The CPP in-duced by methamphetamine in mice may be inhibited to some extent by rhynchophylline, and its mechanism may be associated with the expression of TH.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1086-1091, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613727

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of curcumin on radiosensitivity of radioresistant nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line CNE-2R and its mechanism.Methods The concentration of curcumin was screened by MTT assay.Dose-survival curves were obtained according to the colony forming test for L-Q matching and multitarget-single hitting matching,while SF2 and the correlation parameters of radiation biology were calculated.The changes of cell cycle in CNE-2R cells caused by curcumin were also tested by flow cytometry(FCM).The differential expression of genes related to cell cycle and DNA damage repair were detected by RT-qPCR.Results CNE-2R cells could not be inhibited by 10 μmol·L-1 curcumin.Dealt with 10 μmol·L-1 curcumin for 24 h,the value of α/β increased to 1 596 from 6.56;the value of SF2 decreased to 0.361 Gy from 1.93 Gy;the value of N decreased to 1.06 from 1.60;the value of D0 decreased to 2.12 from 3.27;the value of Dq decreased to 0.12 from 1.53.FCM showed that the cells in G2 phase had a significant increase and the cells in S phase had a significant decrease after dealt with 10 μmol·L-1 curcumin for 24 h.The expression of CDK4 was significantly up-regulated and GADD45g,BRCA1 were significantly down-regulated.Conclusion Curcumin radiosensitizes nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line CNE-2R by changing cell cycle and affecting DNA damage repair through regulating the expression of CDK4,GADD45 g and BRCA1.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 325-328, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808715

ABSTRACT

The monitoring of malignant transformation of hepatocytes or early diagnosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (PHC) remains a challenge in the medical world. Routine examinations including serum alpha-fetoprotein level and ultrasound examination have a limited value in the diagnosis of small hepatocellular carcinoma; however, the effective treatment of PHC depends on its early diagnosis. In recent years, molecular markers including important signaling molecules in PHC-related pathways, carcinoembryonic proteins, and non-coding RNA help with the monitoring of malignant transformation of hepatocytes or early diagnosis of liver cancer. This article reviews the valuable molecular markers in the monitoring of malignant transformation of hepatocytes or early diagnosis of liver cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 279-284, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808546

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the dynamic expression of hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase-II (CPT-II) in the mitochondrial inner membrane during hepatocyte malignant transformation induced by lipid accumulation.@*Methods@#Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into control, fatty liver, and induced cancer groups, which were fed with normal, high-fat (HF), and HF containing 2-fluorenylacetamide (0.05%, 2-FAA) diets, respectively, for 14 weeks. One rat from each group was sacrificed every two weeks and the blood and liver samples were collected. Liver morphological changes were evaluated with hematoxylin and eosin staining, and the liver tissue samples were divided into control, fatty liver, degeneration, precancerous, and cancerous groups accordingly. Hepatic lipids were dyed by the oil red O method. The CPT-II expression was measured by immunohistochemistry and compared with the specific CPT-II concentration (ng/mg liver protein, ng/mg P) among different groups. Serum levels of circulating total cholesterol (Tch), triglyceride (TG), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were quantitatively analyzed.@*Results@#Massive lipid accumulation hepatocytes was seen in rats on HF and HF containing 2-FAA diets. The lipid levels in the control group were significantly lower than those in the fatty liver (t = -11.556, P < 0.001), degeneration (t = -4.847, P = 0.04), precancerous (t = -13.652, P = 0.005), and cancerous groups (t = -10.896, P = 0.008). The serum TG and Tch levels in the degeneration, precancerous, and cancerous groups were 2-3 times higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). After 2-FAA treatment, the morphological changes of rat hepatocytes showed the progression from degeneration and precancerosis to cancerosis, with hepatocyte injury. The serum AST and ALT levels in the degeneration, precancerous, and cancerous groups were significantly higher (4-8 times) than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The specific concentration of liver CPT-II expression was significantly reduced during hepatocyte malignant transformation, as confirmed by immunohistochemistry, with the CPT-II levels significantly lower in the cancerous group than in any of other groups (P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#Low hepatic CPT-II expression might lead to abnormal lipid accumulation in hepatocytes, which should promote the malignant transformation of hepatocytes.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256563

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of rhynchophylline on methamphetamine-dependent zebrafish and explore the possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Zebrafish were divided into control group, amphetamine group, low- (50 mg/kg) and high (100 mg/kg)-dose rhynchophylline groups, and ketamine (150 mg/kg) group. Conditioned place preference (CPP) was induced in zebrafish with methamphetamine, and the staying time in the drug box and the tracking map of the zebrafish were observed with Noldus Ethovision XT system. The protein expressions of TH, NR2B and GLUR2 in the brain of zebrafish with CPP were detected with Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, zebrafish in methamphetamine group showed significant variations in the staying time and swimming distance in the drug box after conditioning (P<0.05) with obvious alterations of NR2B, TH and GLUR2 expressions in the brain (P<0.05). Treatment of methamphetamine-dependent zebrafish with high-dose rhynchophylline significantly reduced the variations in the staying time and swimming distance in the drug box (P<0.05) and in the expressions of NR2B, TH and GLUR2 in the brain (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rhynchophylline can inhibit methamphetamine dependence in zebrafish, the mechanism of which may involve the expressions of TH, NR2B and GLUR2 proteins in the brain.</p>

7.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 413-419, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349582

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Occult invasive cervical cancer discovered after simple hysterectomy is not common, radical parametrectomy (RP) is a preferred option for young women. However, the morbidity of RP was high. The aim of our study is to assess the incidence of parametrial involvement in patients who underwent radical parametrectomy for occult cervical cancer or radical hysterectomy for early-stage cervical cancer and to suggest an algorithm for the triage of patients with occult cervical cancer to avoid RP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 13 patients with occult cervical cancer who had undergone RP with an upper vaginectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy were included in this retrospective study. Data on the clinicopathologic characteristics of the cases were collected. The published literature was also reviewed, and low risk factors for parametrial involvement in early-stage cervical cancer were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 13 patients, 9 had a stage IB1 lesion, and 4 had a stage IA2 lesion. There were four patients with grade 1 disease, seven with grade 2 disease, and two with grade 3 disease. The median age of the entire patients was 41 years. The most common indication for extrafascial hysterectomy was cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3. Three patients had visible lesions measuring 10-30 mm, in diameter and ten patients had cervical stromal invasions with depths ranging from 4 to 9 mm; only one patient had more than 50% stromal invasion, and four patients had lymph-vascular space invasion (LVSI). Perioperative complications included intraoperative bowel injury, blood transfusion, vesico-vaginal fistula, and ileus (1 case for each). Postoperative pathologic examination results did not show residual disease or parametrial involvement. One patient with positive lymph nodes received concurrent radiation therapy. Only one patient experienced recurrence.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Perioperative complications following RP were common, whereas the incidence of parametrial involvement was very low among selected early-stage cervical cancer patients. Based on these results, we thought that patients with very low-risk parametrial involvement(tumor size ≤ 2 cm, no LVSI, less than 50% stromal invasion, negative lymph nodes) may benefit from omitting RP. Further prospective data are warranted.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Lymph Node Excision , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasms, Unknown Primary , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241085

ABSTRACT

This paper is to introduce the conception, basic constitution and working flow of laboratory automatic systems, and the domestic and world developments of the laboratory pipelining systems. It analyses the problems and the preferred scheme which should be given careful consideration when a system is to be built in the hospital.


Subject(s)
Automation , Clinical Laboratory Information Systems , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Computer Systems , Laboratories, Hospital , Reference Standards , Software , Specimen Handling , Methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344237

ABSTRACT

A new equipment of a computer multimedia system combined with a bronchoscope is presented here, which is able to provide active images with a high definition, image capture, synchronized video recording and playback during bronchoscopy. Its operation is easy and its quality is reliable. It is an advanced product for endoscopies and is worth while to be applied to clinical application.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Bronchoscopes , Equipment Design , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Multimedia , Software Design
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL