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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927950

ABSTRACT

The volatile oil of Chuanxiong Rhizoma(CX) is known as an effective fraction. In order to seek a suitable method for processing CX and its decoction pieces, this study selected 16 volatile components as indices to investigate how different processing methods such as washing/without washing, sun-drying, baking, oven-drying and far-infrared drying at different temperatures affected the quality of CX and its decoction pieces(fresh CX was partially dried, cut into pieces, and then dried) by headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS), cluster analysis, principal component analysis and comprehensive weighted scoring. The results showed that the rapid washing before processing did not deteriorate the volatile components of CX. Considering the practical condition of production area, oven-drying was believed to be more suitable than sun-drying, baking, and far-infrared drying. The CX decoction pieces with a thickness of 0.3-0.4 cm were recommended to be oven-dried at 50 ℃. The integrated processing(partial drying, cutting into pieces, and drying) did not cause a significant loss of volatile components. For the fresh CX, the oven-drying at 60 ℃ is preferred. The temperature should not exceed 60 ℃, and drying below 60 ℃ will prolong the processing time, which will produce an unfavorable effect on volatile components. This study has provided the scientific evidence for field processing of CX, which is conducive to realizing the normalization and standardization of CX processing in the production area and stabilizing the quality of CX and its decoction pieces.


Subject(s)
Desiccation , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry/methods , Oils, Volatile , Principal Component Analysis , Rhizome/chemistry , Volatile Organic Compounds/analysis
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1566-1569, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the significance of inflammasome NLRP3 in children with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) by detecting its changes before and after treatment.@*METHODS@#Twenty children with ITP diagnosed and treated in Xuzhou Children's Hospital were enrolled as observation group, and 10 healthy children as control group. The mRNA levels of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 were measured by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), the serum levels of IL-18, IL-1β, and high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) were detected by ELISA, and the protein level of NLRP3 was detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#In newly diagnosed ITP children, the serum levels of IL-18, IL-1β and HMGB1 significantly decreased after treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 mRNA levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were significantly lower than those before treatment (P<0.05). NLRP3 protein expression decreased significantly after treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of NLRP3 inflammasome and downstream inflammatory factors are decrease after treatment in children with ITP, which may be used as effective prognostic markers.


Subject(s)
Child , HMGB1 Protein , Humans , Inflammasomes , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3421-3430, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906816

ABSTRACT

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a therapeutic strategy by which photosensitizers are excited by specific light irradiation to produce singlet oxygen for killing the surrounding cells. The advantages of PDT include weak invasion, slight side effect, and low resistance. The advantages of nanoscale drug delivery systems (DDS) include tumor-targeting, sustained release, and environmental-sensitivity. The combination of PDT and nanoscale DDS would likely lead to tumor targeting of photosensitizers and enhance their antitumor effectiveness. This review discusses the mechanism of PDT, photosensitizer-loaded nanoscale formulations, the combination of PDT and other antitumor therapies, and summarizes the applications and prospects of anti-tumor nanoscale DDS based on PDT. This review is a useful reference for its clinical application.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905854

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the digestive system, and precancerous lesion of gastric cancer (PLGC) represents a long-term stage in the process of malignant development of normal gastric mucosa into gastric cancer. Gastric cancer and precancerous lesions are difficult to cure clinically, leaving poor prognosis and a serious negative impact on the quality of daily life of patients. In recent years, studies on cell autophagy have been at the forefront of the natural life science. Regulating autophagy to treat precancerous lesions and prevent gastric cancer has become nowadays a hot topic. Autophagy is a process in which cells enclose some redundant or damaged cytoplasm, proteins and organelles to form autophagosomes, and bind to lysosomes to degrade the contents. Autophagy has bidirectional effect on different cells and different stages of the same cell. Autophagy at a lower level can kill cancer cells, while autophagy can promote the growth and proliferation of cancer cells under stress conditions such as hypoxia, hunger and infection, or when autophagy clears damaged proteins in cells and organelle function is abnormal. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), which has low toxicity and easy acceptance by patients, has a positive effect on the treatment of gastric cancer and PLGC. At present, studies on the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer and PLGC by TCM have been carried out in depth with cell autophagy as the breakthrough point. More and more research results have confirmed that TCM can regulate the autophagy process of gastric cancer cells and play an anti-tumor role by interfering with various autophagy related genes, signal pathways and organelles. This paper summarizes the studies on the regulation of cell autophagy by TCM in the treatment of gastric cancer and precancerous lesions, so as to provide references for future studies on the regulation of autophagy by TCM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911463

ABSTRACT

Objective:The aim of the present study was to observe the effects of liralutide on body composition and muscle function in adult obese patients with type 2 diabetes.Method:A total of 63 adult obese type 2 diabetic patients who were (52.6±9.7) years of age and with body mass index (BMI) of ≥28 kg/m 2 were enrolled. The patients were randomly assigned into two groups. On the basis of maintaining the original hypoglycemic regimen, patients in the control group ( n=24) were given dietary guidance only, and those in the treatment group ( n=39) were injected with liraglutide. All patients were followed up for a period of 12 weeks. Blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin(HbA1c) and insulin levels, liver and kidney function, body composition assessed with electrical impedance methods, and grip strength measured by a grip meter for muscle function were detected at the baseline and the end of the study. Results:Compared with those in the control group, the reductions in HbA1c [(-1.54±2.10) % vs.(-0.53±0.84) %], body weight [(-3.46±4.2) kg vs.(-0.34±3.66) kg], body fat mass [(-1.97±2.98) kg vs.(-0.01±2.16) kg] and visceral fat area [(-0.01±2.16) cm 2 vs.(0.34±6.39) cm 2] were more pronouced in liraglutide treated group (all P<0.05). However, no changes could be observed in muscle mass and grip strength after liraglutide treatment. Conclusions:In addition to reducing blood glucose, body weight and fat mass, treatment with lilaluptide had no impact on muscle mass and muscle function. Therefore, liralutide is suitable for obese patients with type 2 diabetes, especially for weight management patients who are at risk of muscle loss.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888180

ABSTRACT

Four new lanostane triterpenoids, 3β-hydroxy-12α-methoxylanosta-7,9(11),24-triene(1), 3β-hydroxy-12α-methoxy-24-methylene-lanost-7,9(11)-dien(2), 3,7-dioxo-lanosta-8,24-diene(3), and 3,7-dioxo-24-methylene-lanost-8-en(4), were isolated from the latex of Euphorbia resinifera with a variety of chromatography methods. Their structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic data and/or comparison with the data reported in previous research. Compounds 1, 2, and 4 showed moderate inhibition of LPS-induced NO production by RAW264.7, with IC_(50) of 30.4, 37.5, and 28.3 μmol·L~(-1), respectively.


Subject(s)
Euphorbia , Latex , Molecular Structure , Steroids , Triterpenes
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the pathogenic gene mutations in a family with early onset severe retinal dystrophy (EOSRD).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. One patient and three family members from a Han of EOSRD who were diagnosed at Henan Eye Hospital in August 2018 were included in the study. After the detailed history of the patients was collected, all participants underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp, fundus biomicroscopy with the slit lamp, untra-widefield fundus color photography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and full-field electroretinography (ff-ERG). The subject’s peripheral venous blood of 5 ml was collected and the whole genome DNA was extracted. A genetic eye disease capture chip containing 441 disease-causing genes was used for targeted capture and enrichment of high-throughput sequencing, and Sanger sequencing was performed for the clear pathogenic mutation sites; the analysis software was used for bioinformatics analysis of the mutation sites.Results:A 6-year-old female proband developed poor night vision in both eyes after 1 year old. The BCVA of both eyes were 0.1. The color of the optic disc was slightly lighter; the diameter of the retinal vessels was slightly reduced, and extensive pigment changes can be seen in the retina outside the vascular arch. SD-OCT examination showed that the outer membrane, ellipsoid zone and chimera zone in the central fovea of both eyes were unclear and intermittent. The visual area outside the fovea was neuroepithelial outer plexiform layer, outer nuclear layer, outer membrane, ellipsoid zone. The chimera zone gradually disappeared, and the thickness of the pigment epithelial layer was not uniform. In ff-ERG examination, the functions of the binocular cone and rod system were severely decreased. The results of genetic testing showed that there were c.921C>A homozygous mutations in the Tubby-like protein (TULP1) gene of the proband, and c.3121C>T and c.3488G>A compound heterozygous mutations in the cyclic nucleotide gated channel beta 1 (CNGB1) gene. Amino acid conservation analysis results showed that the above three mutation sites were highly conserved in multiple species; bioinformatics analysis results showed that TULP1 gene c.921C>A (p.Cys307*) had translation termination in the protein conserved region, CNGB1 gene c.3121C>T (p.Arg1041Trp) and c.3488G>A (p.Gly1163Glu) had amino acid polarity changes in the protein conserved region, which led to major changes in the protein spatial structure.Conclusion:TULP1 gene c.921C>A homozygous mutation, CNGB1 gene c.3121C>T and c.3488G>A compound heterozygous mutation are the mutation sites of this EOSRD family.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883321

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the pathogenic gene mutations in a Chinese achromatopsia family.Methods:A pedigree investigation was performed.A Chinese Han pedigree from Luoyang city of China was enrolled in Henan Eye Hospital in November 2018.The medical history of the patients was collected.The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the families was examined.The maniafestations of the anterior segment and fundus were obtained via slit lamp biomicroscope and slit lamp lens.The diopter was determined by objective and subjective refraction.Color vision was examined by Farnsworth-Munsell Hue Test.Retinal function was evaluated by international standard electroretinogram (ERG). Retina was observed by color photography, and its structural image was obtained by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). The peripheral blood sample was collected from the proband (Ⅲ1) and her younger brother (Ⅲ2) and parents for whole blood DNA extraction, and a whole genome sequencing (WGS) was performed to identify the pathogenic genes and mutation sites, and the sequencing data was compared through disease-related databases such as the Human Genome Databases due to a negative detective result of specific hereditary eye disease enrichment panel based on targeted exome capture technology.Sanger sequencing and bioinformatics analysis was carried out with softwares.The cosegregation analysis was performed.This study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Henan Eye Hospital (No.HNEECKY-2019[15]) and complied with Declaration of Helsinki.Written informed consent was obtained from each subject or the guardian before any medical examination.Results:This family included 2 patients and 8 members with normal phenotypes in 3 generations and showed an autosomal recessive inheritance model.Poor vision and photophobia appeared after birth in both Ⅲ1 and Ⅲ2, and these symptoms did not deteriorate with aging.Pigmentary mottling and atrophic changes could be seen in the retinas of the patients.Reflection bands of external membrane and ellipsoid line in macula of patients were irregular on the OCT image.Color vision examination showed achromatopsia of the patients.ERG indicated that the amplitudes of a-, b-waves of scotopic 0.01, 3.0, 10.0 ERG and oscillatory potentials were slightly reduced, and the amplitudes of a-, b-waves of photopic ERG and wavelets of 30 Hz were seriously reduced in both eyes of Ⅲ1 and Ⅲ2.WGS showed that heterozygous mutations of a novel mutation c. 129+ 1G>A and a known mutation c. 1285dupT of CNGB3 gene in Ⅲ1 and Ⅲ2.The mutations were confirmed by Sanger sequencing.Conclusions:The compound heterozygous mutation in c. 129+ 1G>A/c.1285dupT of CNGB3 gene may be responsible for the achromatopsia pathogenesis in this Chinese Han pedigree.The abnormal phenotype of the patients is the result of both CNGB3 c. 129+ 1G>A and CNGB3 c. 1285dupT mutations simultaneously.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882318

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, which is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness(AHR), eosinophilia, elevated IgE, goblet cell metaplasia, airway remodeling and so on.Changes in airway epithelial structure and function are prominent features of asthma.Asthma airway epithelium has abnormal sensitivity to oxidative damage and apoptosis, and is more susceptible to reactive oxygen species(ROS)produced by infiltrating inflammatory cells.The effects of ROS accumulation and oxidative stress are the key links in the pathogenesis of asthma.Oxidants such as ROS can interfere with the structure of epithelial cells and cause tracheal remodeling.Conversely, tracheal remodeling can release inflammatory mediators and aggravate asthma.The main function of mitochondria is oxidative phosphorylation to synthesize ATP, and it is also an important source of ROS.Mitochondrial dysfunction includes energy metabolism conversion dysfunction, mitochondrial biological dysfunction, mitochondrial autophagy and kinetic abnormalities, and mitochondrial-dependent signaling pathway disorders.Mitochondrial dysfunction and cellular hypoxia play an extremely important role in the occurrence and development of bronchial asthma.This article reviews the changes in mitochondrial function of airway epithelial cells in asthma airways in recent years, in order to provide theoretical basis for mitochondria-targeted asthma treatment.

10.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1469-1480, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922634

ABSTRACT

Effective methods for visualizing neurovascular morphology are essential for understanding the normal spinal cord and the morphological alterations associated with diseases. However, ideal techniques for simultaneously imaging neurovascular structure in a broad region of a specimen are still lacking. In this study, we combined Golgi staining with angiography and synchrotron radiation micro-computed tomography (SRμCT) to visualize the 3D neurovascular network in the mouse spinal cord. Using our method, the 3D neurons, nerve fibers, and vasculature in a broad region could be visualized in the same image at cellular resolution without destructive sectioning. Besides, we found that the 3D morphology of neurons, nerve fiber tracts, and vasculature visualized by SRμCT were highly consistent with that visualized using the histological method. Moreover, the 3D neurovascular structure could be quantitatively evaluated by the combined methodology. The method shown here will be useful in fundamental neuroscience studies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mice , Neural Networks, Computer , Spinal Cord/diagnostic imaging , Synchrotrons , X-Ray Microtomography
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and the changes of signal pathways in human retinal pigment epithelium cells (ARPE-19) under hypoxic and normoxic conditions and to explore the biological mechanism of hypoxia-induced ARPE-19 cell damage via transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) and bioinformatics technology.Methods:The ARPE-19 cells were divided into the hypoxia treatment group and the normoxia control group treated with 1% and 21% O 2 by volume for 8, 24, 48, 72 hours, respectively.The relative expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) mRNA were detected with real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR at different time points.RNA-seq and bioinformatics analysis were performed at 8 hours and 24 hours after hypoxia and normoxia treatment.DEGs were screened out under the conditions of |log 2FC|≥1 and P≤0.05.Then the cluster heat map analysis, Gene Ontology (GO) functional enrichment analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction network analysis were also carried out.Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR was employed at 24 hours after hypoxia to detect the relative mRNA expression of genes that might be related to hypoxia in DEGs.Cell viability kit was used to verify and compare the damage effect of hypoxia on ARPE-19 cells at different time points between the two groups. Results:The relative mRNA expression levels of VEGF at 8, 24, 48 and 72 hours after hypoxia treatment and the relative HIF-1α mRNA expression levels at 8, 24 and 48 hours after hypoxia treatment were significantly higher than those of the normoxia control group (all at P<0.05). There were large differences in the mRNA expression levels at 8-hour and 24-hour treatment between the two groups.A total of 62 significant DEGs were screened between the hypoxia treatment group and the normoxia control group after 8-hour hypoxia treatment, among which 45 genes were significantly up-regulated and 17 genes were significantly down-regulated.A total of 255 significant DEGs were screened out between the hypoxia treatment group and the normoxia control group after 24-hour hypoxia treatment, among which 228 genes were significantly up-regulated and 27 genes were significantly down-regulated.The GO functional analysis of DEGs was mainly enriched in processes such as protein degradation, nucleotide biosynthesis, and material transport.KEGG pathway analysis was mainly enriched in PI3K-Akt, cGMP-PKG, and other signaling pathways closely related to metabolism, cell cycle, cell growth, and apoptosis.The core genes HPCA, MT3 and NOS3 were found by protein-protein interaction network analysis.Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR test results showed that after 24-hour hypoxia treatment, the mRNA expression levels of hypoxia related genes DEPP1, NPPB, PDZK1, HILPDA, TCEA3, NDRG1 and RORC in ARPE-19 cells were significantly increased and the mRNA expression levels of TFRC and NQO1 were significantly decreased (all at P<0.05). The cell morphology was normal and the growth state was good without dead cells after 8-hour and 24-hour hypoxia treatment in ARPE-19 cells.There were dead cells after 48-hour hypoxia treatment, and the number of dead cells was increased at 72 hours after hypoxia treatment. Conclusions:The PI3K-Akt and cGMP-PKG signaling pathways related to metabolism may be involved in hypoxia-induced injury of ARPE-19 cells.Core genes of HPCA, MT3 and NOS3 can be used as functional target genes and play key roles in hypoxia response of cells.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908356

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of plastic bronchitis caused by severe mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children, to find the risk factors for plastic bronchitis, and to provide references for judging the prognosis and comprehensively formulating treatment plans.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data(146 cases)of children with severe mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia who underwent bronchoscopy in the Department of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from January 2017 to December 2019.According to whether it was plastic bronchitis, all patients were divided into plastic bronchitis group(68 cases) and non-plastic bronchitis group(78 cases), and the gender, age, laboratory examination indicators, imaging characteristics and treatment of children were collected under the circumstances.The single factor with clinical significance and statistical significance would be subjected to multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:There were no significant differences in gender, age, heat duration, white blood cell count, C-reactive protein value, and interleukin-6 value between the two groups(all P>0.05). The percentage of neutrophils, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, D-dimer, number of cases of pleural effusion, length of hospital stay, and number of endoscopy in the plastic bronchitis group were higher than those in non-plastic bronchitis group, the number of right upper lobe consolidation cases was less than that in the non-plastic bronchitis group, and the differences were statistically significant( P<0.05). Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that pleural effusion( OR=4.898, 95% CI 2.195-10.926) and lactate dehydrogenase ( OR=1.051, 95% CI 1.003-1.101) were independent predictors of plastic bronchitis in children with severe mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. Conclusion:For children with severe mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia, if lung CT shows that the upper lobe of the non-right lung is uniformly compacted and complicated with pleural effusion, lactate dehydrogenase is significantly increased, and attention should be paid to the possibility of plastic bronchitis.Timely improvement of fiberoptic bronchoscopy may shorten the course of the disease and reduce the occurrence of complications.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of children with medulloblastoma (MB) complicated with incomplete intestinal obstruction, and to explore the possible pathogenesis of intestinal obstruction in children with MB.Methods:A total of 409 children with MB admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2014 to January 2019 were recruited into this study, and the clinical data of children with incomplete intestinal obstruction were collected and analyzed retrospectively.A comparison was performed between these children and those without intestinal obstruction who were treated at the same time.The chi- squared test and Logistic regression analysis were adopted to explore the pathogenesis of intestinal obstruction.The overall survival (OS) rate was calculated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Results:There were 11 cases of 409 children with MB complicated with incomplete intestinal obstruction in total, with the morbidity of 2.7%, they were all over 3 years old, with the median age of 8.7 years, and a male-to-female ratio of 4.5∶1.The incomplete intestinal obstruction in all cases occurred during the first cycle of maintenance chemotherapy after radiotherapy.All these patients could be reco-vered after conservative treatment, and no incomplete intestinal obstruction occurred in the subsequent chemotherapy.The results of Logistic regression analysis showed that there was a correlation between age and the development of incomplete intestinal obstruction ( P<0.05). The 2-year OS rate of MB patients complicated with incomplete intestinal obstruction was (87.5±11.7)%, and that of patients without incomplete intestinal obstruction during the same period was (92.8±1.6)%, which showed that the difference between the two group was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Incomplete intestinal obstruction would occur in all MB patients within 2 months after radiotherapy, and children more than 3 years old are more prone to suffer from this disease.Therefore, it can be supposed that gastrointestinal mucosa was damaged under the double attack of radiotherapy and Vincristine, which slowed down the intestinal peristalsis, thus inducing intestinal obstruction.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907301

ABSTRACT

Sleep disorder is common in patients with asthma, especially in patients with severe asthma.Sleep disorder correlates with poor asthma control and poor quality of life.Sleep disorder in asthmatic patients may be related to the circadian variation in airway physiology and airway inflammation, but may also be related to specific sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea(OSA), gastroesophageal reflux, obesity, psychological problems, etc.OSA is an independent risk factor for poor asthma control.At the same time, asthma will aggravate OSA.Treatment of OSA with continuous positive airway pressure(CPAP)may lead to improved asthma-specific quality of life.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907262

ABSTRACT

Mycoplasma pneumoniae(MP)infection and asthma are common respiratory diseases in children, and they are closely related.MP infection induces asthma attacks, and anti-MP infection treatment can help control the degree in children with asthma.This article describes the relationship between MP infection and asthma, and provides a theoretical basis for the treatment of asthma.MP infection can damage the airway and cause chronic cough and bronchial asthma attacks.MP infects the airway epithelium and secretes community-acquired respiratory distress syndrome toxin(CARDS Tx)combined with the airway mucosa to cause the airway epithelial damage, and promotes the body to form a TH2-mediated immune response, mediates the production of specific IgE, and then triggers the release of inflammatory mediators involved in asthma; the increase of inflammatory factors released after MP infection will also cause exhaled breath.Fractional exhaled nitric oxide(FeNO)is elevated, which can lead to airway hyperresponsiveness and airway remodeling.In view of treatment, when treating MP infections with macrolide drugs, they can also have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects on the airways, which can reduce the steroid dose required by children with steroid-dependent asthma, reduce the frequency of asthma attacks and prolong remission period in children with asthma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907240

ABSTRACT

Human adenovirus(HAdV)is one of the most common pathogens in children with community-acquired pneumonia.Due to the heterogeneity of the lesion site of adenovirus pneumonia and the easy involvement of small airways, it is often associated with a wheezing attack, which can also lead to an acute attack of asthma, or even an independent risk factor for bronchial asthma.Childhood adenovirus infection can often lead to latent infection and long-term carrying, and some children can be left with different degrees of pulmonary sequelae.In recent years, the number of children with wheezing after HAdV infection has increased gradually.As an important pathogen leading to asthmatic diseases in children, HAdV has been paid more and more attention in clinical practice, and it is particularly important to explore its pathogenesis.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 508-513, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856994

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the antiviral activity and mechanism of myricetin against enterovirus 71 (E V 7 1) infection. Methods The cytopathic effect (CPE) and plaque assay were used to observe the antiviral effect of myricetin against EV71 in Vero cell. The cells were treated with myricetin at different concentrations combined with crystal violet staining to detectthe cytotoxicity of myricetin. The effect of myricetin on VP1 protein expression was detected by Western blot. The effect of myricetin on VP1 gene expressionwas evaluated byRT-PCR. Results Myricetin pretreatment at 2. 5-20 fimol L-1' significantly inhibitedcell death induced by EV71 infection in a dose-dependent manner with the IC50 value of 5. 6 jxmol • L-1. Compared to virus control group, myricetin could significantly reduce the viral titer at the concentration of 2. 5 ~ 20 u,mol • L-1. The results of Western blot and RT-PCR showed that myricetin could markedlyreduce the gene and protein expression levels of viral capsid protein VP1. Conclusion Myricetin has significant antiEV71 activity in vitro.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872805

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the effect of different packaging methods and storage conditions on the quality of Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces, in order to determine the optimal packaging method and suitable storage conditions for Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces. Method::Different packaged Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces were stored in different environments in a one-year long-term stability experiment. The appearance, water content, extract content and volatile oil content of Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces were regularly observed. Result::During the 1-year storage period, the Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces under different packaging and storage conditions showed different degrees of quality changes. Among them, the samples packed in polyethylene plastic bags and polyethylene aluminum foil composite bags were better preserved. The fluctuations in water content of the sample packed in polyethylene plastic bags were relatively low, and the RSD value of water content during the month was less than 11.5%. The extracts and volatile oil contents of each sample were reduced to different degree, but the samples packed in plastic sealed bags and protected from light had the smallest annual loss of extracts (1.27%), with the lowest monthly loss rate of volatile oil (0.08%). Conclusion::The quality of Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces can be well preserved in plastic sealed bags and storage in dark and cool conditions, which is suitable for the storage of Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix pieces.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the pathogenic gene mutations in a family with Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA).Methods:In October 2018, 1 patient and 3 normal family members from a LCA family was enrolled in this retrospective study. Detailed medical history of proband was obtained and fixation test, cycloplegic refraction, slit-lamp, fundus color photography and full-field ERG were performed. And other family members underwent BCVA, refraction slit-lamp, fundus biomicroscopy with the slit lamp, fundus color photography and full-field ERG. The family was investigated with a specific hereditary eye disease enrichment panel which contained 441 known pathogenic genes and based on targeted exome capture technology first to indentify the potential pathogenic genes and mutations. Then the potential pathogenic mutations were conformed by Sanger sequencing. Finally, the results were analyzed via bioinformatics analysis.Results:The proband showed no trace object from childhood, but had obvious photophobia and nystagmus. No positive changes were found in the anterior segment, vitreous and retina in both eyes. Both cone and rod system function decreased significantly in full-field ERG in both eyes. Gene tests showed the proband carried both RPGRIP1 c.1635dupA and c.3565C> T, which composited a heterozygous mutation. Bioinformatics analysis showed RPGRIP1 c.1635dupA was a pathogenic mutation, and RPGRIP1 c.3565C> T which was a novel potential pathogenic mutation in LCA.Conclusion:The compound heterozygous mutation, c.1635dupA and c.3565C> T in RPGRIP1 may be responsible for the pathogenesis in this Chinese Han LCA pedigree.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the optimized effect of erector spinae plane block (ESPB) combined with general anesthesia when used for the patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.Methods:Sixty-eight American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ orⅢ patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-24 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy, were divided into general anesthesia group (group G, n=34) and ESPB combined with general anesthesia group (group EG, n=34) using a random number table method.In group E, ultrasound-guided ESPB was performed before induction with general anesthesia, and 0.375% ropivacaine 20 ml was injected into both sides.Total intravenous anesthesia was applied in both groups.Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) with sufentanil 1.5 g/kg in 100 ml of normal saline was performed after surgery.The PCIA pump was set up to deliver a 2 ml bolus dose with a 5-min lockout interval and background infusion at 3 ml/h.Analgesia was performed until 24 h after operation, and the visual analogue scale score at rest was maintained at ≤4.Sufentanil 0.1 g/kg was intravenously injected as rescue analgesic when visual analogue scale score >4.The extubation time and occurrence of intraoperative cardiovascular events were recorded.The amount of sufentanil used during operation and within 24 h after operation was recorded.The time to first pressing the analgesia pump after operation and effective pressing times of PCA within 24 h after operation were recorded.Time to first flatus, first ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded.The development of postoperative adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting, irritability and respiratory depression within 24 h after operation was recorded. Results:Compared with group G, the incidence of intraoperative hypertension and tachycardia was significantly decreased, the extubation time was shortened, the consumption of sufentanil during operation and within 24 h after operation was reduced, the time to first pressing the analgesia pump was prolonged, the effective pressing times of PCA within 24 h after operation were reduced, time to first flatus, first ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay were shortened, and the incidence of nausea and vomiting, irritability and respiratory depression within 24 h after operation was decreased in group EG ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The combination of ESPB and general anesthesia is helpful in achieving an anesthesia mode of lower opioid consumption and more helpful for inhibition of postoperative pain responses and for early postoperative recovery than general anesthesia alone when used for the patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.

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