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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909581

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the protective effect and potential mechanism of desmethylbellidifolin (DMB) in chronic alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into five groups. Control, meta?doxine and DMB group (high dose and low dose) mice were fed with Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet containing 5%alcohol for six weeks. Pair-fed group mice were fed with a liquid diet containing the same calories. After treatment, serum GOT, GPT, TG and hepatic T-CHO, TG, GSH, GSH-Px, SOD and CAT levels were measured. Ectopic liver lipid deposition was determined by oil red O and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Lipid metabolism and autophagy related genes expression were determined by real-time PCR and Western blotting. Electron microscope and laser scanning confocal microscope were used to detect autophagosome and autophagy flux. RESULTS DMB treatment markedly reduced serum TG, GOT and GPT levels in alcohol-induced mice, as well as hepatic levels of T-CHO, TG and MDA, while increased the GSH, GSH-Px, SOD and CAT levels in the liver. Oil red O and HE staining showed that the alcohol-induced lipid accumulation and hepatocyte morphology changes were significantly improved by DMB treatment. Mecha?nistically, the expression of stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 and fatty acid synthase were significantly decreased, while lipoly?sis related hormone-sensitive lipase was elevated in mouse liver by DMB treatment. In addition, DMB could inhibit the phosphorylation of Akt and mTORC1, and activate autophagy process by inducing autophagy related genes expression, such as LC3, ATG5 and ATG7. Moreover, treatment with DMB notably increased the number of autolysosome and promote the autophagy flux, which may therefore induce the lipolysis and oxidation of lipids and prevent the alcohol-induced excessive lipid accumulation in the liver. CONCLUSION DMB exerts a protective role in alcoholic fatty liver dis?ease by regulating the Akt-mTORC1 pathway mediated autophagy activation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907971

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2(SARS-CoV-2)infection is still worldwide.As a vulnerable group, severe and dead pediatric cases are also reported.Under this severe epidemic situation, children should be well protected.With the widespread vaccination of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in adults, the infection rate have decreased.Therefore, SARS-CoV-2 vaccine inoculation for children groups step by step is of great significance to the protection of children and the prevention and control of corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19) as a whole.But the safety of children vaccinated with SARS-CoV-2 vaccine is a main concern of parents.Therefore, in order to ensure the safety of vaccination and the implementation of vaccination work, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, National Center for Children′s Health and the Society of Pediatrics, Chinese Medical Association organized experts to interpret the main issue of parents about SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for children, in order to answer the doubts of parents.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907970

ABSTRACT

At present, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2(SARS-CoV-2)infection is still rampant worldwide.As of September 10, 2021, there were about 222 million confirmed cases of corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19)and more than 4.6 million deaths worldwide.With the development of COVID-19 vaccines and the gradual vaccination worldwide, the increasing number of cases in children and unvaccinated young people has drawn attention.According to World Health Organization surveillance data, the proportion of COVID-19 infection cases in children gradually increased, and the proportion of cases in the age groups of under 5 years and 5-14 years increased from 1.0% and 2.5% in January 2020 to 2.0% and 8.7% in July 2021, respectively.At present, billions of adults have been vaccinated with various COVID-19 vaccines worldwide, and their protective effects including reducing infection and transmission, reducing severe disease and hospitalization, and reducing death, as well as high safety have been confirmed.Canada, the United States, Europe and other countries have approved the emergency COVID-19 vaccination in children and adolescents aged 12 to 17 years, and China has also approved the phased vaccination of COVID-19 vaccination in children and adolescents aged 3 to 17 years. For smooth advancement and implementation of COVID-19 vaccination in children, academic institutions, including National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, National Center for Children′s Health, and The Society of Pediatrics, Chinese Medical Association organized relevant experts to reach this consensus on COVID-19 vaccination in children.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinicopathological features of metaplastic breast cancer (MBC) , and its prognostic factors.Methods:Data of 49 MBC cases and 30 cases of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) during the same period as matched control were collected. The immunohistochemistry staining of CK5/6, CK, P63, ER, HER2, Ki67 was performed in all MBC samples.Results:In MBC cases, the median age was 55 years. Median tumor size was 2.5 cm (range, 0.6-19 cm). Fifteen cases were classified as metaplastic carcinoma with heterologous mesenchymal differentiation (8 as matrix-producing carcinoma), 12 as spindle cell carcinoma, 7 as squamous cell carcinoma, 2 as low-grade adenosquamous carcinoma, 2 as fibromatosis-like metaplastic carcinoma, and 11 as mixed metaplastic carcinoma. The 5-, 10-year overall survival rate was 50%, 41%, respectively, lower than those of IDC (76%,63%) (all P<0.05). Lymph node metastasis rate, and expression of ER, PR, HER2 in MBC were lower than those in IDC (all P<0.05). Triple-negative cases in MBC were more than those of IDC ( χ2=26.244, P=0.000). The proliferative index of Ki67 was statistically different between the two groups ( t=2.624, P=0.011). Conclusions:MBC is a rare and heterogenous breast cancer. Compared to IDC, MBCs are usually larger, lower in lymph nodes metastasis, higher in proliferative index of Ki67, more triple-negative, hence with a poorer prognosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for patients with pathologic nipple discharge.Methods:A retrospective analysis was made on patients with nipple discharge who underwent breast MRI and surgical excision between Oct 2010 to Oct 2020. Sensitivity, speci?city, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of MRI were calculated.Results:A total of 184 patients fulfilled our selection criteria, including breast cancer in 43 cases (23.4%), intraductal papilloma in 96 cases (52.2%) and other benign diseases in 45 cases (24.5%). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of MRI for intraductal lesions of pathologic nipple discharge were respectively 76.8%, 52.2%, 82.8% and 42.9%. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of MRI for pathologic malignant nipple discharge were respectively 97.7%, 41.1%, 33.6% and 98.3%. Among the 43 cases of breast cancer, 10 cases (23.3%) were occult malignancy with negative ultrasound and mammography and malignant lesions were detected by MRI. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of MRI for occult malignancy were 81.8%, 53.7%, 24.4%, and 97.3%.Conclusion:MRI is a valuable additional diagnostic tool for the evaluation of pathologic nipple discharge, especially when conventional imaging is negative .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888137

ABSTRACT

This paper explored the ecologically suitable areas for growing Scutellaria baicalensis using Geographic Information System for Global Medicinal Plants(GMPGIS), to figure out the resource distribution of S. baicalensis worldwide and provide a scientific basis for its scientific introduction. A total of 349 S. baicalensis sampling sites were selected all over the world for GMPGIS-based analy-sis of the ecologically suitable areas with six ecological factors including annual average temperature, average temperature during the coldest season, average temperature during the warmest season, average annual precipitation, average annual relative humidity, and annual average illumination and soil type as the ecological indexes. The results demonstrated that the ecologically suitable areas for growing S. baicalensis were mostly located in the Northern hemisphere, and the suitable areas in the United States, China, and Russia accounted for 19.25%, 18.66%, and 13.15% of the total area worldwide, respectively. In China, the Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang province, and Yunnan province occupied the largest proportions of the total area, namely 14.28%, 8.72%, and 6.18%, respectively. As revealed by ecological factors of each sampling site, S. baicalensis was resistant to low temperature but not to high temperature. The adaptive range of average annual precipitation is narrower than that of average annual air humidity. The suitable soils were mainly inceptisol, alfisol, and fluvisol. High temperature and rainy climate or excessively high soil bulk density was not conducive to the growth of S. baicalensis. The adoption of GMPGIS enabled to obtain areas with the greatest ecological similarity for S. baicalensis, which were reliable data supporting the exploration of resource distribution and reasonable introduction of S. baicalensis.


Subject(s)
China , Climate , Plants, Medicinal , Scutellaria baicalensis , Soil
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882907

ABSTRACT

2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV) outbreak is one of the public health emergency of international concern.Since the 2019-nCoV outbreak, China has been adopting strict prevention and control measures, and has achieved remarkable results in the initial stage of prevention and control.However, some imported cases and sporadic regional cases have been found, and even short-term regional epidemics have occurred, indicating that the preventing and control against the epidemic remains grim.With the change of the incidence proportion and the number of cases in children under 18 years old, some new special symptoms and complications have appeared in children patients.In addition, with the occurrence of virus mutation, it has not only attracted attention from all parties, but also proposed a new topic for the prevention and treatment of 2019-nCoV infection in children of China.Based on the second edition, the present consensus further summarizes the clinical characteristics and experience of children′s cases, and puts forward recommendations on the diagnostic criteria, laboratory examination, treatment, prevention and control of children′s cases for providing reference for further guidance of treatment of 2019-nCoV infection in children.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 823-834, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881171

ABSTRACT

The combination of chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy provides a promising approach for enhanced tumor eradication by overcoming the limitations of each individual therapeutic modality. However, tumor is pathologically featured with extreme hypoxia together with the adaptable overexpression of anti-oxidants, such as glutathione (GSH), which greatly restricts the therapeutic efficiency. Here, a combinatorial strategy was designed to simultaneously relieve tumor hypoxia by self-oxygenation and reduce intracellular GSH level to sensitize chemo-photodynamic therapy. In our system, a novel multi-functional nanosystem based on MnO

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of San-Ao Decoction (, SAD) on water metabolism of bronchial asthra model mice.@*METHODS@#Forty-five female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control, model and SAD groups by a random number table, 15 mice in each group. A composite method with ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge was developed to establish bronchial asthma model. Mice in the control group were intraperitoneally injected with distilled water without aerosol inhalation challenge. On day 15-22, 0.3 mL SAD was administered via gastric route in SAD group, one time per day, while an equivalent volume of normal saline was used for gastric administration in the control and model groups. Changes in airway resistance in the inspiratory phase (RI-R-Area) were detected using an AniRes2005 system, and 5-h urine output was collected by metabolic cages. Histopathological changes in lung and kidney were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. mRNA expressions of aquaporin (AQP) 1 and AQP2 in kidney were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and the protein expressions of AQP1 and AQP2 in kidney were detected by immunohistochemistry. Enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay was used to detect the OVA-specific endothelium-1 (ET-1), antidiuretic hormone (ADH), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), prostaglandin E@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the serum IgE level in model group increased (P<0.01). Following the pathologic changes in lung tissue, no significant change in kidney tissue was observed among 3 groups. Compared with the control group, the mice in the model group showed elevated airway resistance during inhalation phase, higher mRNA and protein expression levels on AQP1 and AQP2 in kidney tissue and higher ET-1 levels in serum, lung and kidney tissues, ADH and ANP in lung and serum, PGE@*CONCLUSION@#San-Ao Decoction can regulate the urine volume through regulating AQP1 and AQP2 expression, and the expression of these in the kidneys might be regulated by ET-1, NO and Ang II.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879837

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate systematically the efficacy and safety of COVID-19 vaccines.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrial.gov, CNKI, Wanfang Data, China Biomedical Literature Service System, and China Clinical Trial Registry were searched for randomized controlled trials of COVID-19 vaccines published up to December 31, 2020. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to assess the quality of studies. A qualitative analysis was performed on the results of clinical trials.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen randomized, blinded, controlled trials, which involved the safety and efficacy of 11 COVID-19 vaccines, were included. In 10 studies, the 28-day seroconversion rate of subjects exceeded 80%. In two 10 000-scale clinical trials, the vaccines were effective in 95% and 70.4% of the subjects, respectively. The seroconversion rate was lower than 60% in only one study. In six studies, the proportion of subjects who had an adverse reaction within 28 days after vaccination was lower than 30%. This proportion was 30%-50% in two studies and > 50% in the other two studies. Most of the adverse reactions were mild to moderate and resolved within 24 hours after vaccination. The most common local adverse reaction was pain or tenderness at the injection site, and the most common systemic adverse reaction was fatigue, fever, or bodily pain. The immune response and incidence of adverse reactions to the vaccines were positively correlated with the dose given to the subjects. The immune response to the vaccines was worse in the elderly than in the younger population. In 6 studies that compared single-dose and double-dose vaccination, 4 studies showed that double-dose vaccination produced a stronger immune response than single-dose vaccination.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most of the COVID-19 vaccines appear to be effective and safe. Double-dose vaccination is recommended. However, more research is needed to investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of the vaccines and the influence of dose, age, and production process on the protective efficacy.


Subject(s)
Aged , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , China , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799348

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Oryz-Aspergillus enzyme and pancreatin tablets (Combizym®) in the treatment of postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) in the elderly, compared with gastrointestinal motility drugs.@*Methods@#A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed and registered in the China Clinical Trials Registry (ChiCTR-IPR-16008185). The elderly patients with PDS were randomly divided into three groups, including Mosapride group with Mosapride citrate tablets 5 mg 3 times per day for 2 weeks; Combizym® group with Combizym tablets 244 mg 3 times per day for 2 weeks; combined treatment group with both drugs and same doses for 2 weeks. The modified Nepean dyspepsia index (NDSI) score, discomfort intensity score and PDS score were calculated on patients before treatment, at the end of first and second week of treatment, as well as 4 weeks after treatment finished, respectively. Adverse effects were evaluated.@*Results@#A total of 323 patients from 16 tertiary hospitals in China were enrolled in this study. Among them, 105 patients were in Mosapride group, 109 in Combizym® group and 109 in combined treatment group. There were 148 males (45.8%) and 175 females (54.2%) with median age 71.4±9.0 years (60-100 years). Baseline characteristics of three groups were comparable. After treatment, the NDSI scores in three groups all decreased significantly (P<0.001), while they were similar between groups (P>0.05). The discomfort intensity score and PDS score in three groups showed a significant reduction after treatment (P<0.001), especially in the combined treatment group. Compared with Mosapride group, the scores in Combizym® group decreased significantly after one or two weeks [discomfort intensity score: after one week, 4.0(2.5, 8.0) vs. 6.0(3.0, 10.0); after two weeks, 3.0(0.0, 5.0) vs. 4.0(2.0, 6.0); all P<0.05. PDS score: after one week, 6.0(3.0, 9.0) vs. 7.0(3.5, 10.5); after two weeks, 3.0(0.0, 5.0) vs. 4.0(2.0, 7.0); all P<0.05]. The efficacy rate in all patients after first week of treatment was over 15.0%. The efficacy rates after two weeks were 55.2%, 68.8% and 73.4% in Mosapride group, Combizym® group and combined treatment group, respectively. After two week treatment, the efficacy rates in Combizym® group (P=0.041) and combined group (P=0.006) were higher than that of Mosapride group. The recurrence rate of Mosapride group was 9.5%, which was significantly higher than that of Combizym® group (1.8%, P<0.05) and combined treatment group (1.8%, P<0.05). There were no serious adverse effects in the three groups.@*Conclusions@#The efficacy of Oryz-Aspergillus enzyme and pancreatin tablets is comparable with that of Mosapride in elderly PDS patients, with fewer adverse effects and low recurrence rate. Combination regimen indicates better efficacy than that of Oryz-Aspergillus enzyme and pancreatin tablets or Mosapride alone.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1391-1396, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the reentry situation of HBsAg single reagent reactive blood donors in Anhui province, and to verify the rationality and effectiveness of reentry strategy of blood donors in Anhui province.@*METHODS@#Shielded blood donors who were HBsAg single reagent reactive might voluntarily apply for returning to the team of blood donors after the shield of 6 months. Blood bankstaff that shielded those donors should draw blood and conduct screening tests. Samples from donors who were HBsAg negative should be delivered to Anhui Blood Center to conduct the reentry detections. Shielded blood donors were allowed to return to the team if the results of HBsAg test, neutralization test, HBcAb test and nucleic acid test were negative.@*RESULTS@#109 person-portions of samples for returning to team from September 2013 to December 2016 were delivered to Anhui Blood Center. After reentry tests, 60 of them were negative, 8 cases were positive, while 41 cases were undetermined, and the qualified rate was 55.05%.25 negative donors were from Hefei, 20 of them donated blood again and were negative.@*CONCLUSION@#The shielding and reentry strategy of blood donors with HBsAg single reagent reactive in Anhui province is rational and effective. However, there are still some deficiencies in trace of donors and information transmission, which needs to be further improved.


Subject(s)
Blood Donors , DNA, Viral , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Humans
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 629-633, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821111

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of a family clustering of COVID-19. Methods Field epidemiological survey was conducted. Result Case 1 of the long-term residents from Hubei province was the source of infection of this family clustering. There were 6 cases (from case 2 to case 7) infected in the whole incubation period. The incubation period was more than 14 days for 3 of the second-generation cases. Routes of transmission include respiratory droplets (from case 1 transmitted to case 6, from case 1 to her family members) and closecontact (from case 1 to other cases in her family). All the age groups were generally susceptible, while elderly were easier to progress to critically ill. Besides respiratory symptoms, there were also gastrointestinal symptoms, of which diarrhea was the most common one. Conclusion Family clustering had been an important part for COVID-19 cases.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798560

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to assess the association between hypertension and carotid plaque in a research population in China.@*Methods@#The subjects of this study were selected from a population undergoing physical examination at the Fourth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital in 2017. We collected information on physical examination, physiological index test, blood pressure indicators were analyzed according as continuous variables (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse pressure) and categorical variables (hypertension and quartile of blood pressure pulse pressure). A multivariate logistic regression model was conducted to estimate the correlation between blood pressure and carotid plaque development.@*Results@#A total of 716 individuals were surveyed, including 321 men (44.8%) and 395 women (55.2%), and the prevalence of hypertension and carotid plaque were 40.9%(293 cases) and 40.4% (289 cases), respectively. The prevalence of carotid plaque was higher in individuals aged ≥60 years, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and increased waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin. The prevalence of carotid plaque increased with the increase of the quartile of blood pressure and pulse pressure (Ptrend<0.05). After adjustment for age, sex, BMI, waist circumference, and total cholesterol, triglyceride, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and hemoglobin levels, every 1 mmHg increased systolic blood pressure increases the risk of carotid plaque by 1.4% (95%CI: 1.005-1.024). Compared with the control group, the risk of carotid plaque increased by 86.8% (95%CI: 1.175-2.946) and 84.8% (95%CI: 1.098-3.110) and 119.6% (95%CI: 1.165-4.142) in the group of normal high blood pressure, grade 1 hypertension and grade 2 and grade 3 hypertension, respectively; compared with the control group, the risk of carotid plaque increased by 56.2% in the group of pulse pressure difference≥60 mmHg (95%CI: 1.049-2.326), in which the risk of carotid plaque increased by 73.3% (95%CI: 1.007-2.983) in women with pulse pressure difference≥60 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); in the control group with pulse pressure difference of four categories Q1 (<42 mmHg), the risk of carotid plaque increased by 92.2% (95%CI: 1.173-3.149) and 95.0% (95%CI: 1.147-3.316) in Q3 (50-61 mmHg) and Q4 (≥62 mmHg), respectively.@*Conclusion@#Increased blood pressure or pulse pressure are associated with increased prevalence of carotid plaque. Prevention of elevated blood pressure and pulse pressure might be one of the effective precautions for the prevention of carotid plaque development.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Oryz-Aspergillus enzyme and pancreatin tablets (Combizym ?) in the treatment of postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) in the elderly, compared with gastrointestinal motility drugs. Methods:A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed and registered in the China Clinical Trials Registry (ChiCTR-IPR-16008185). The elderly patients with PDS were randomly divided into three groups, including Mosapride group with Mosapride citrate tablets 5 mg 3 times per day for 2 weeks; Combizym ? group with Combizym tablets 244 mg 3 times per day for 2 weeks; combined treatment group with both drugs and same doses for 2 weeks. The modified Nepean dyspepsia index (NDSI) score, discomfort intensity score and PDS score were calculated on patients before treatment, at the end of first and second week of treatment, as well as 4 weeks after treatment finished, respectively. Adverse effects were evaluated. Results:A total of 323 patients from 16 tertiary hospitals in China were enrolled in this study. Among them, 105 patients were in Mosapride group, 109 in Combizym ? group and 109 in combined treatment group. There were 148 males (45.8%) and 175 females (54.2%) with median age 71.4±9.0 years (60-100 years). Baseline characteristics of three groups were comparable. After treatment, the NDSI scores in three groups all decreased significantly ( P<0.001), while they were similar between groups ( P>0.05). The discomfort intensity score and PDS score in three groups showed a significant reduction after treatment ( P<0.001), especially in the combined treatment group. Compared with Mosapride group, the scores in Combizym ? group decreased significantly after one or two weeks [discomfort intensity score: after one week, 4.0(2.5, 8.0) vs. 6.0(3.0, 10.0); after two weeks, 3.0(0.0, 5.0) vs. 4.0(2.0, 6.0); all P<0.05. PDS score: after one week, 6.0(3.0, 9.0) vs. 7.0(3.5, 10.5); after two weeks, 3.0(0.0, 5.0) vs. 4.0(2.0, 7.0); all P<0.05]. The efficacy rate in all patients after first week of treatment was over 15.0%. The efficacy rates after two weeks were 55.2%, 68.8% and 73.4% in Mosapride group, Combizym ? group and combined treatment group, respectively. After two week treatment, the efficacy rates in Combizym ? group ( P=0.041) and combined group ( P=0.006) were higher than that of Mosapride group. The recurrence rate of Mosapride group was 9.5%, which was significantly higher than that of Combizym ? group (1.8%, P<0.05) and combined treatment group (1.8%, P<0.05). There were no serious adverse effects in the three groups. Conclusions:The efficacy of Oryz-Aspergillus enzyme and pancreatin tablets is comparable with that of Mosapride in elderly PDS patients, with fewer adverse effects and low recurrence rate. Combination regimen indicates better efficacy than that of Oryz-Aspergillus enzyme and pancreatin tablets or Mosapride alone.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869222

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to assess the association between hypertension and carotid plaque in a research population in China.Methods:The subjects of this study were selected from a population undergoing physical examination at the Fourth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital in 2017. We collected information on physical examination, physiological index test, blood pressure indicators were analyzed according as continuous variables (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse pressure) and categorical variables (hypertension and quartile of blood pressure pulse pressure). A multivariate logistic regression model was conducted to estimate the correlation between blood pressure and carotid plaque development.Results:A total of 716 individuals were surveyed, including 321 men (44.8%) and 395 women (55.2%), and the prevalence of hypertension and carotid plaque were 40.9%(293 cases) and 40.4% (289 cases), respectively. The prevalence of carotid plaque was higher in individuals aged ≥60 years, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and increased waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin. The prevalence of carotid plaque increased with the increase of the quartile of blood pressure and pulse pressure ( Ptrend<0.05). After adjustment for age, sex, BMI, waist circumference, and total cholesterol, triglyceride, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and hemoglobin levels, every 1 mmHg increased systolic blood pressure increases the risk of carotid plaque by 1.4% (95% CI: 1.005-1.024). Compared with the control group, the risk of carotid plaque increased by 86.8% (95% CI: 1.175-2.946) and 84.8% (95% CI: 1.098-3.110) and 119.6% (95% CI: 1.165-4.142) in the group of normal high blood pressure, grade 1 hypertension and grade 2 and grade 3 hypertension, respectively; compared with the control group, the risk of carotid plaque increased by 56.2% in the group of pulse pressure difference≥60 mmHg (95% CI: 1.049-2.326), in which the risk of carotid plaque increased by 73.3% (95% CI: 1.007-2.983) in women with pulse pressure difference≥60 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); in the control group with pulse pressure difference of four categories Q1 (<42 mmHg), the risk of carotid plaque increased by 92.2% (95% CI: 1.173-3.149) and 95.0% (95% CI: 1.147-3.316) in Q3 (50-61 mmHg) and Q4 (≥62 mmHg), respectively. Conclusion:Increased blood pressure or pulse pressure are associated with increased prevalence of carotid plaque. Prevention of elevated blood pressure and pulse pressure might be one of the effective precautions for the prevention of carotid plaque development.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the STO cell lines expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) and mouse leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) , and try to culture the mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) by using the established STO-GFP-mLIF cells as the feeder layer.@*METHODS@#The lentiviral particles containing GFP and mLIF and puromycin-resistance gene were constructed and transduced into STO cell lines. The cell lines stably expressing GFP and mLIF genes were screened out. The expression level of the inserted exogenous LIF gene was tested by Western blot and ELISA. The STO-GFP-mLIF cells were treated with different concentrations of mitomycin C (5, 10, 15, 20 µg/ml) for different time (1.5, 2.5, 3, 3.5 hours) to prepare feeder layers and the cell proliferation level on feeder layer was observed. Mouse embryonic stem cells were cultured on mitomycin C-treated feeder layer and the growth of cell colonies was observed.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of LIF protein in STO-GFP-mLIF cells was up-regulated, as compared with STO cells (P<0.05). It was confirmed that the optimal concentration and time for inhibiting the proliferetion of STO-GFP-mLIF cells by mitomycin C were 10 µg/ml and 3 hours respectively. The observation also found that the embryonic stem cells could develop into typic "birdnest" shaped stem cell colony on mitomycin C-treated feeder layer.@*CONCLUSION@#The stable STO cell lines effectively expressing green fluorescent protein and mouse leukemia inhibitory factor have been established successfully, which can maintain the undifferentiated state of mouse embryonic stem cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cell Separation , Embryonic Stem Cells , Feeder Cells , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Leukemia Inhibitory Factor , Mice
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 537-541, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805199

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of chronic diseases in aged ≥80 oldest-olds and related factors influencing their daily activities.@*Methods@#This survey was conducted in the retired cadres in Beijing from 2012 to 2014. A unified questionnaire was used to investigate the general characteristics of the oldest-olds and the activities of daily living (ADL). Information on chronic diseases was extracted from related medical records.@*Results@#A total of 4 472 male oldest- olds, with an average age as (87.1±3.9) years (80-102 years), were included. Nearly half of the elderly people were suffering from 5 or more kinds of chronic diseases, with 43.9% of them having disability on basic daily activities (BADL) with 13.4% of those classified as moderate or severe cases. 38.8% of them had instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) disability, with 28.7% of them were moderate or severe cases. The ADL disability showed an increasing trend along with the increase number of chronic diseases. The proportion of BADL disability increased from 40.5% to 50.6%. Compared with the ones having fewer chronic diseases (≤2 kinds), those with more (≥7 kinds) had an increase of 50.5% risk on BADL disability and 199.4% on IADL disability.@*Conclusion@#We noticed that the male oldest-olds suffered from multiple chronic diseases. The impairment of ADL was higher than the younger elderly. Comorbidity showed heavier impact on ADL, especially on the instrumental activities of daily living.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 341-345, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804876

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the association and intensity of baseline dyslipidemia with the incidence of carotid plaque in a researchers group in China.@*Methods@#A total of 716 researchers were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Dyslipidemia was assessed in 2010. Follow-up study on carotid plaque was conducted in 2017.@*Results@#Over 8 years’ follow-up, 289 carotid plaque patients were identified among 716 individuals who did not have carotid plaque at baseline survey, with cumulative incidence of 40.36%. After adjustment of age, gender, BMI, waist circumference, FPG, SBP, DBP, ALT and uric acid, compared with non-dyslipidemia group, HR of carotid plaque for such populations with ≥3 types of dyslipidemia was 1.681 (95%CI: 1.090--2.593).@*Conclusions@#Dyslipidemia might be associated with higher risk of carotid plaque, and population with ≥3 types of dyslipidemia had higher risk for carotid plaque. Prevention of dyslipidemia or reduction of types of dyslipidemia might be one of the effective precautions for prevention of carotid plaque.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 290-295, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804867

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate blood pressure level, hypertension prevalence and control status in the oldest old in China.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional data set of Chinese Longitudinal and Health Longevity Study (CLHLS) in 2014 was used to investigate the blood pressure level and hypertension prevalence and control status in the oldest old.@*Results@#A total of 4 587 elderly people aged ≥80 years were surveyed with mean age (91.3±7.8) years old, including 1 896 males (41.3%). The mean SBP was (139.5±22.0) mmHg, DBP was (79.6±11.8) mmHg, and the pulse pressure difference was (60.0±18.7) mmHg. The prevalence rate of hypertension was 56.5% (95%CI: 55.1%- 58.0%), the awareness rate of hypertension was 52.2% (95%CI: 50.3%-54.1%), the control rate was 11.5% (95%CI: 10.3%-12.5%), and the control rate of those with awareness of hypertension was 22.2% (95%CI: 19.9%-24.4%). Age, gender, BMI, residence place and living area were related to blood pressure level and control status of the oldest old.@*Conclusions@#The blood pressure level and the prevalence of hypertension in the oldest old in China were different from those in developing countries and adults in China, while similar to that in the younger elderly in China. The prevalence rate of hypertension was high and the control rate was low. Age, gender, BMI, residence place and living area were related with blood pressure level, hypertension prevalence and control status.

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