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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 256-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993082

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Onodera′s prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on the prognosis of locally advanced oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LA-OPSCC) after induction chemotherapy followed by sequential chemoradiotherapy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 52 LA-OPSCC patients receiving induction chemotherapy followed by sequential chemoradiotherapy in The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Guizhou Medical University during 2014-2018. The PNI values of all the patients at different treatment phases were statistically analyzed, and the ROC curve was employed to determine the optimal critical value of PNI. The patients in this study were divided into a well-nourished group ( n = 27) and a poorly-nourished group ( n = 25). The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. The Cox proportional hazards model was utilized to analyze the relationships between different nutritional status and prognosis. Clinical features and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results:The PNI values decreased significantly after radiotherapy, with an optimal critical value of 42.4. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of the well-nourished group (PNI ≥ 42.4) were 62.6% and 60.9%, respectively, which were significantly higher than those (30.1% and 29.7%) of the poorly-nourished group (PNI < 42.4, χ2 = 11.12, 5.74, P < 0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that PNI was an independent prognostic factor for the OS after radiotherapy ( HR = 2.752, 95% CI: 1.095-6.917, P = 0.031). The LA-OPSCC patients aged over 60 years or those who did not respond to induction chemotherapy accounted for a higher proportion of malnutrition after chemoradiotherapy ( χ2 = 4.89, 5.05, P < 0.05). Conclusions:PNI after radiotherapy can be used as a prognostic factor in the evaluation of LA-OPSCC patients receiving induction chemotherapy followed by sequential chemoradiotherapy. The LA-OPSCC patients aged over 60 years or those who do not respond to induction chemotherapy should receive more nutritional support during the chemoradiotherapy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 673-678, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992996

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of MR-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) in treating localized prostate cancer.Methods:Six patients with localized prostate cancer who underwent MRgFUS treatment from August 2020 to September 2021 in Beijing Hospital were prospectively enrolled in this study. The patients were all over 18 years old, with an average age of (68±10) years, and had not received any prior treatment for prostate cancer. Pretreatment pelvic MR and CT scans were performed to determine the region of treatment (ROT). Different urinary catheterization measures were given based on the location of the lesion. Under general anesthesia, the lesions were treated by MRgFUS using a specialized rectal ultrasound transducer on the treatment bed. The patients were followed up at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment and annually thereafter. During follow-up, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, pelvic MR scans, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), International Index of Erectile Function-15 (IIEF-15) scores, and adverse events were assessed.Results:(1) All six patients underwent MRgFUS treatment for six lesions, with an average duration of (126±56) minutes, an average number of (7.3±3.2) focal ultrasound pulses per lesion, and an average non-perfusion volume of (3.8±1.1) cm 3, which covered the entire treatment target area. No treatment-related adverse events were reported. (2) The PSA levels at baseline, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment were (6.6±0.8), (3.6±1.3), (3.4±3.0), (2.5±1.7), and (2.3±1.8) ng/ml, respectively. PSA levels increased in 2 out of 6 patients during follow-up, and pelvic MR scan revealed recurrent lesions, while PSA levels continued to decrease in the remaining 4 patients, and pelvic MR scan were normal. (3) The IPSS scores at baseline, 1, and 3 months after treatment were 13.0 (4.0, 16.0), 10.0 (4.0, 12.0), and 5.0 (3.0, 6.0) points, respectively. For the three sexually active patients, the IIEF-15 scores at baseline were 40, 51, and 14 points, respectively, and IIEF-15 at 1 month after treatment were 9, 8, and 14 points, respectively, and at 3 months after treatment were 9, 66 and 26 points, respectively. (4) One patient was diagnosed with recurrence 10 months after treatment, and another patient was found to have a new lesion 6 months after treatment. Conclusions:MRgFUS might be a safe, non-invasive, and effective treatment for localized prostate cancer, but regular follow-up is vital for detecting tumor recurrence.

3.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 665-669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006006

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To reduce the misdiagnosis rate by analyzing the clinical data of patients with primary upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) complicated with calculi. 【Methods】 Clinical data of 7 UTUC with calculi patients treated during Sep.2018 and Apr.2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including general data, time from visit to diagnosis, imaging data, urine exudation cytological results, surgical methods, pathological stages and follow-up data. 【Results】 The ratio of male to female was 3∶4, and the mean age was 66.4 (55-72) years. The initiate imaging examination results only showed calculi, but did not indicate suspicious tumor (including 1 case with missing data). The median time from the first visit to diagnosis was 12 months (5-36 months). Of all 7 cases, 2 (2/4) were clinically diagnosed by enhanced CT, 3 (3/4) by MRI, and 2 (2/7) by positive urine exudation cytology. All patients received surgical treatment. Postoperative pathology showed 85.71% (6/7) were high-grade UTUC. Postoperative staging was T1N0M0 in 4 cases, T3N0M0 in 2 cases, and T4N2M0 in 1 case. Adjuvant chemotherapy was conducted in 2 cases. During the median follow-up of 12 months (6-41), 1 case developed multiple systemic metastases in month 9, while the other cases had no recurrence or metastasis. 【Conclusion】 For UTUC patients without obvious filling defect on imaging, especially when ipsilateral calculi were complicated, misdiagnosis should be alerted for timely treatment and better prognosis.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 127-131, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998540

ABSTRACT

With the development of industrial production mechanization, the impact of occupational noise exposure on the body has attracted much attention. The impact of occupational noise on the body is not limited to the specific effects of hearing, but also includes non-specific effects on multiple systems such as nerves, cardiovascular, and reproductive systems. This paper expounds the health effects of occupational noise, and lays a theoretical foundation for relevant departments to prevent the health effects of occupational noise in the future.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 696-700, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993876

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the practicality and safety of performing a radical prostatectomy(RP)shortly after the diagnosis of prostate cancer using a combination of prostate targeted biopsy and intraoperative frozen section.Methods:Prospective enrollment was conducted for patients suspected of having prostate cancer based on abnormal prostate specific antigen(PSA)levels.The inclusion criteria for the study were as follows: patients aged 80 years or younger with an ECOG score of 1 or lower.Prior to biopsy, patients underwent both prostate magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)and prostate specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography/computed tomography(PSMA PET/CT)to determine the likelihood of prostate cancer with clinical stages within T 2-3aN 0M 0.In order to be included in the study, patients must agree to receive RP after their prostate cancer diagnosis has been confirmed by biopsy.All enrolled patients underwent a targeted prostate biopsy, consisting of 1-2 cores.These specimens were then examined through frozen section analysis.For patients diagnosed with prostate cancer through intraoperative frozen section pathology, RP was immediately performed.In this study, transperineal prostate targeted+ systematic biopsy was utilized for patients with undiagnosed prostate cancer.Additionally, routine pathological examination of specimens was conducted.The study analyzed the baseline data, surgical conditions, pathological results, and follow-up information of patients in a descriptive manner. Results:Seven patients, ranging in age from 54 to 77 years with a mean age of 66.7 years, were enrolled in the study.Their mean PSA level was 12.668 μg/L, ranging from 4.359 to 22.195 μg/L.Of these patients, 4 had a PI-RADS score of 4 and 3 had a score of 5.The maximum diameter of the index lesion was 1.3 cm, ranging from 0.5 to 2.2 cm.PSMA PET/CT scores were 4 in 1 case and 5 in 6 cases.The index lesions detected by PSMA PET/CT were consistent with those detected by MRI, and the maximum standardized uptake value(SUVmax)was 15.7, ranging from 5.3 to 39.4.Prostate cancer was diagnosed through targeted biopsy and intraoperative frozen section pathology.Four cases had a Gleason score of 3+ 3=6, while one case had a Gleason score of 3+ 4=7, another had a score of 4+ 3=7, and the last had a score of 4+ 4=8.All patients underwent RP treatment immediately after the prostate cancer diagnosis.Only one patient had slight adhesion at the apex of the prostate, while the other six patients were evaluated by surgeons as having no obvious adhesion at the apex.All surgeries were completed successfully, with a mean operation time of 149.7(ranging from 108 to 255)minutes.After RP, whole mount pathology results indicated that all cases were prostate adenocarcinoma, with a Gleason score of 3+ 4=7 in four cases and 4+ 3=7 in three cases.The pathological stages were pT2 in three cases and pT3a in four cases, with five cases having negative surgical margins and two cases with positive surgical margins.During the study, all patients were monitored for a period of 5.4 months(ranging from 3 to 7 months)and no complications of Clavien Dino≥Ⅰ were observed.PSA levels were measured at 6 weeks and 3 months after surgery, with readings of 0.020 μg/L(ranging from 0 to 0.079 μg/L)and 0.016 μg/L(ranging from 0 to 0.087 μg/L), respectively.No hormonal therapy or radiotherapy was administered during this time.Four patients were able to recover from urinary continence.Conclusions:Based on a combination of MRI and PSMA PET/CT, it is both safe and feasible to promptly perform RP following the diagnosis of prostate cancer through targeted biopsy for index lesions, along with intraoperative frozen section.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 196-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of primary urethral carcinoma.Methods:The clinical and follow-up data of 12 patients with primary urethral carcinoma admitted to Beijing Hospital from July 2016 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:There were four males and eight females, with an average age of 66.3(53~75)years.Nine patients underwent magnetic resonance examination before operation, and eight patients presented with abnormal urethral signals.The clinical stage of female patients was generally later than those of male patients, and all patients received surgical treatment.Four male patients did not receive post-operative adjuvant treatment, and all of them attained disease-free survival.Among the eight female patients, four patients received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy or chemotherapy, five patients had recurrence or metastasis during follow-up, and two patients died.Conclusions:The clinical stage of female urethral cancer is later than that of male.MRI examination is beneficial to the determination of local invasion of urethral cancer.For female proximal urethral cancer and male posterior urethral cancer, radical resection has a good therapeutic effect.

7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1-12, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971343

ABSTRACT

Diosgenin, a steroidal sapogenin, obtained from Trigonella foenum-graecum, Dioscorea, and Rhizoma polgonati, has shown high potential and interest in the treatment of various cancers such as oral squamous cell carcinoma, laryngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, liver cancer, gastric cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, glioma, and leukemia. This article aims to provide an overview of the in vivo, in vitro, and clinical studies reporting the diosgenin's anticancer effects. Preclinical studies have shown promising effects of diosgenin on inhibiting tumor cell proliferation and growth, promoting apoptosis, inducing differentiation and autophagy, inhibiting tumor cell metastasis and invasion, blocking cell cycle, regulating immunity and improving gut microbiome. Clinical investigations have revealed clinical dosage and safety property of diosgenin. Furthermore, in order to improve the biological activity and bioavailability of diosgenin, this review focuses on the development of diosgenin nano drug carriers, combined drugs and the diosgenin derivatives. However, further designed trials are needed to unravel the diosgenin's deficiencies in clinical application.

8.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 232-247, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971483

ABSTRACT

Drastic surges in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) induce cell apoptosis, while most chemotherapy drugs lead to the accumulation of ROS. Here, we constructed an organic compound, arsenical N-‍(4-(1,3,2-dithiarsinan-2-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (AAZ2), which could prompt the ROS to trigger mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis in gastric cancer (GC). Mechanistically, by targeting pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1), AAZ2 caused metabolism alteration and the imbalance of redox homeostasis, followed by the inhibition of phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and leading to the activation of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2)/Bcl2-associated X (Bax)/caspase-9 (Cas9)/Cas3 cascades. Importantly, our in vivo data demonstrated that AAZ2 could inhibit the growth of GC xenograft. Overall, our data suggested that AAZ2 could contribute to metabolic abnormalities, leading to mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis by targeting PDK1 in GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Signal Transduction , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Cell Line, Tumor
9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 101-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the independent influencing factors of wound drainage tube time delay in patients with breast cancer and establish a predictive model.Methods:Patients admitted to Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from January to November 2021 were selected as the research objects. They were divided into sword modeling group (156 cases) and verification group (86 cases) according to the admission time. Delayed time to postoperative wound drainage and extubation in breast cancer patients was the end point, 95 cases of 156 patients in the modeling group whose extubation time was less than or equal to 7 days were set as the normal group, 61 cases whose extubation time were more than 7 days were set as delayed group, and the influencing factors of the two groups were compared to establish the prediction model, Hosmer-Lemeshow test was conduct to verify the fitting effect, used the ROC curve to verify the prediction model performance.Results:Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that patients' high BMI, related basic disease history, operation mode, axillary lymph node dissection, breast tumor size (T3, T4) and drainage fluid volume 48 hours (≥50 ml) after operation were independent influencing factors for wound drainage tube time delay ( P<0.05). The prediction model was P=0.822, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.877, and the Youden index was 0.605, the sensitivity was 0.736, and the specificity was 0.869. The research data of 86 cases in the validation group were used as the test set for internal and external validation of the model, and the model verification was 96.51%. Conclusion:This prediction model has a good effect, providing a reference basis for clinical medical workers.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 607-610, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985534

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the genetic characteristics of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in people aged 20 years and under in Yichang City of Hubei Province from 2019 to 2020. Methods: Based on the Yichang Health Big Data Platform, we investigated cases 20 and under clinically diagnosed as herpes zoster in three hospitals from March 2019 to September 2020. Collecting vesicle fluid and throat swab samples of the cases and completing questionnaires to obtain basic information. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR was used for positive identification of the virus. PCR amplification of VZV's open reading frame (ORF) and sequencing of the products to determine the VZV genotype. Analyze mutations at some specific single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites. Results: Among 46 cases of herpes zoster, the male to female ratio was 1.3∶1 (26∶20) and the age ranged from 7 to 20 years old. Fifteen cases had been vaccinated against varicella, including 13 and 2 cases of 1 and 2 doses, respectively. VZV strains were detected in 34 samples (73.91%), all belonging to Clade 2. Phylogenetic tree analysis of the nucleotide of ORF22 showed, compared with Clade 2 referenced strains, the sequence matching degree of nucleotide for all 34 samples was 99.0% to 100.0%. Conclusion: The main VZV strain causing herpes zoster in people aged 20 years and under in Yichang from 2019 to 2020 was Clade 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Herpesvirus 3, Human/genetics , Phylogeny , Herpes Zoster/epidemiology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Nucleotides
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1059-1062, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985516

ABSTRACT

To discuss the effect of varicella vaccination on the clinical characteristics of herpes zoster (shingles) cases aged 20 years and under, and analyze its clinical features. Based on the Yichang Health Big Data Platform, a descriptive study was conducted to collect the information of cases aged 20 years and under in three medical institutions of Yichang Central People's Hospital, Yichang First People's Hospital and Yichang Second People's Hospital from March 2019 to September 2020. According to the history of varicella vaccine, cases were divided into vaccination group and non-vaccination group, and their clinical features and outcomes were compared. The results showed that 46 shingles cases, aged from 7 to 20 years old, were included in this study. 26 males (56.5%), 20 females (43.5%), 15 cases in vaccination group (32.6%) and 31 cases in non-vaccination group (67.4%). 28 cases had thoracic involvement, followed by lumbar (n=8), cranial (n=7) involvements and extremities (n=7). The spread of herpes skin area: 2 cases involved too large area, 21 cases of 10 cm×10 cm, 14 cases of 5 cm×5 cm, 9 cases of 1 cm×1 cm. Herpes number: 26 cases had 10-49 herpes, followed by <10 herpes (n=9), uncountable herpes (n=7) and 50-99 herpes (n=4). The clinical course[M(Q1,Q3)] lasted 20.5 (13.5,24.8) d averagely, 5 cases had postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) and 1 case had respiratory complications. Shingles decrustation time was significantly shorter in vaccination group (Z=-2.01, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in other characteristics by vaccination. In conclusion, the number and spread of shingles in most children and adolescents are less, and the complications such as PHN are less. Varicella vaccination can reduce the decrustation time and relieve shingles cases with some clinical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Chickenpox/prevention & control , Herpes Zoster/prevention & control , Herpes Zoster Vaccine/therapeutic use , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Neuralgia, Postherpetic/prevention & control
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1421-1430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970613

ABSTRACT

Genome-guided oncology refers to a new treatment concept that transcends histological classification and pathological ty-ping and uses drugs according to the genetic characteristics of tumors. New drug development technology and clinical trial design based on this concept provide new ideas for the clinical application of precision oncology. The multi-component and multi-target characteristics of Chinese medicine provide rich resources for the development of tumor-targeting drugs from natural products, and the design of the master protocol trial aiming at the characteristics of precision oncology supports the rapid clinical screening of effective tumor-targeting drugs. The emergence of the synthetic lethality strategy breaks through the bottleneck that the drug can only target the oncogene but cannot do anything to the tumor suppressor gene with the loss-of-function mutation in the past. With the rapid development of high-throughput sequencing technology, the cost of sequencing is also decreasing. For the development of tumor-targeting drugs, how to keep up with the update speed of target information is a difficult problem of concern. Based on the integration of innovative ideas and me-thods of precision oncology, network pharmacology, and synthetic lethality strategy on synthetic lethal interaction network of antitumor Chinese medicine compatibility formula design, and the combination of improvement of innovative clinical trial methods, such as master protocol trial, basket trial, and umbrella trial, unique advantages of Chinese medicine are expected to be exerted beyond the antibody-based drugs and small molecule-based drugs and corresponding targeted drugs are potentially developed for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Precision Medicine/methods , Medical Oncology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 840-844, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential relationship of urethral pressure profilometry and the complications of artificial urethral sphincter (AUS) implantation.Methods:The clinical data of patients who underwent AUS implantation in Beijing Hospital from March 2019 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients were male. The average course of disease was 43.1 months(ranging 11-120 months). The average age was (68.6±13.2) years. The median number of pads used was 4.5 (3.0, 6.0). The preoperative maximum urethral pressure (MUP) was (84.6±25.5) cmH 2O, and the maximum urethral closure pressure (MUCP) was 51.0 (41.0, 74.0) cmH 2O. AUS implantation was performed through a single perineal incision in all patients. The sleeve size was mainly determined by the measured urethral circumference of the patient. After installation of all components, the urethral pressure profilometry was performed under the state of device inactivation and activation. The pump was activated 6 weeks after the operation, and telephone follow-up was performed 3 months after the activation of the device. The urinary control and complications were recorded. The results of follow-up were compared with the results of urethral pressure profilometry, and the preliminary conclusions were drawn. Results:In this study, 3 patients (20%) received 4.0cm cuffs, 10 patients (66.7%) received 4.5cm cuffs, and 2 patients (13.3%) received 5.0cm cuffs. The MUP and MUCP of AUS device in inactivated state were (82.5±30.2) cmH 2O and 51.0(48.0, 77.0) cmH 2O. In the activated state, MUP was (138.9±21.7) cmH 2O and MUCP was 109.0(94.0, 133.0) cmH 2O. Compared with that before operation, the urethral pressure in the inactivated state did not increase significantly (all P > 0.05), while the urethral pressure in the activated state increased significantly (all P < 0.001). The patients were followed-up for 3-33 months. Thirteen patients (86.7%) used the initial installation device, and all of them met the standard of social continence. One patient died of cerebrovascular accident. One patient took out the device due to urethral erosion. The incidence of complications was 26.7% (4/15), including painless hematuria in 2 cases, scrotum and penis infection in 1 case, and urethral erosion in 1 case. The MUP and MUCP of these patients were (100.0 ± 40.7) cmH 2O and (80.8 ± 39.7) cmH 2O respectively. In the intraoperative active state, the MUP was (151.5 ± 15.3) cmH 2O and the MUCP was (123.0 ± 17.2) cmH 2O. The MUP of the other 3 patients in the device activation state was significantly higher than the average value, and all of them were above 150 cm H 2O, except one patient who was infected due to cognitive problems and chronic urinary retention. In 11 patients without complications, the MUP and MUCP were (76.1±24.7) cmH 2O and (55.1±20.0) cmH 2O respectively. In the intraoperative active state, the MUP was (134.4±22.5) cmH 2O and the MUCP was (108.5±29.8) cmH 2O. Conclusions:AUS implantation has a definite curative effect. Poor comprehension, and MUP higher than 150 cmH 2O in the activated state of the device may be risk factors for complications.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 175-181, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940601

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo improve the current standard of Belladonnae Herba in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. MethodTaking hyoscyamine sulfate, atropine sulfate and scopoletin as reference substances, and ethyl acetate-methanol-concentrated ammonia(17∶4∶2)as developing solvent, thin layer chromatography (TLC) was applied in the qualitative identification of Belladonnae Herba. The moisture, total ash and ethanol-soluble extract of Belladonnae Herba were determined based on the general principles in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (volume Ⅳ). The contents of hyoscyamine sulfate and scopolamine hydrobromide were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with mobile phase of acetonitrile-54 mmol·L-1 phosphate buffer solution (14∶86), flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1 and detection wavelength at 210 nm. ResultThe spots in the TLC were clear with good separation and specificity. Hyoscyamine sulfate and scopolamine hydrobromide showed a good linearity with peak area in the range of 0.024 7-0.789 6 g·L-1 (r=0.999 9) and 0.003 9-0.124 0 g·L-1 (r=0.999 9), the average recoveries of these two ingredients were 100.29% (RSD 1.6%) and 99.04% (RSD 1.4%), respectively. The limits for moisture, total ash in Belladonnae Herba should be less than 13.0% and the limit for the ethanol-soluble extract should be more than 10.0%. Due to the low content and wide variation of scopolamine hydrobromide, the content of hyoscyamine sulfate should not be less than 0.098%. ConclusionThe established method is simple, specific and reproducible, which can be used to improve the quality control standard of Belladonnae Herba.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 116-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of the combination of 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET/CT and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in identifying the grade group of prostate cancer, using parameters derived from the two imaging modalities. Method:Prostate cancer patients diagnosed by histopathology and received 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI during September 2018 to May 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively studied. The median age was 68(64-75), with the median PSA level of 14.74(7.75-24.19)ng/mL. All patients received mpMRI before biopsy. On biopsy, 6(12.2%) patients had International Society of Urological Pathology grade group(ISUP GG) 1 diseases, 16(32.7%) had ISUP GG 2 diseases, 12(24.5%) had ISUP GG 3 diseases, and 15(10.9%) had ISUP GG 4 or 5 diseases. Patients were then divided into high-grade group (ISUP 4-5) and low-grade group(ISUP 1-3). The median age of patients in high-grade group and low-grade group were 65(62-76) and 71(65-74), respectively. The PSA level in high-grade group and low-grade group were 15.11(6.63-42.86) ng/ml and 12.31(7.94-18.25) ng/ml, respectively. No significant differences were found in age and PSA level between the two groups ( P=0.334, P=0.448). All patients underwent 18F-PSMA PET/CT within 4 weeks after biopsy. The maximum standardized uptake value(SUV max) and the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC min)were recorded, and the ratio of SUV max/ ADC minwere calculated. The correlation between the above parameters and ISUP grade group were analyzed.The diagnostic value of the parameters was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The data of 49 patients were analyzed. The average ADC minwas (0.57±0.16)×10 -3 mm 2/s, with the average SUV max and SUV max/ADC min of 15.30±12.54 and (29.69±23.72)×10 3, respectively. Statistical differences were found in SUV max ( P=0.012) and SUV max/ADC min ( P=0.002) between the high- and low-grade groups, while ADC min ( P=0.411) showed no statistical differences between the two groups. Significant positive correlations were found between SUV max(r=0.501, P<0.001), SUV max/ADC min (r=0.527, P<0.001) and ISUP grade group, respectively. There was a negative correlation between ADC min and ISUP grade group (r=-0.296, P=0.039). SUV max/ADC min was the best index to distinguish high-grade group from low-grade group prostate cancer with the area under the curve(AUC) of 0.749. In contrast, the AUC of SUV maxand ADC min were 0.731 and 0.615, respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of SUV max/ADC min were 73.3% and 85.3%, respectively, with a critical value of 37.23×10 3. Conclusion:The combination use of 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI could improve the diagnostic efficiency for prostate cancer, compared to either modality alone. The ratio of SUV max/ADC min has a positive correlation with ISUP grade group, and is a promising index for distinguishing the high-grade prostate cancer from low-grade cancer.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 365-371, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the experience of the postoperative adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome from the patients′ angle and to provide references for improving the postoperative comfort of the patients.Methods:The phenomenology research method was adopted in this study. Thirteen postoperative adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome from Department of Otolaryngology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology participated in the in-depth interview with the interview outline. Data were analyzed by using Colaizzi′s phenomenological method.Results:Three level-1 themes and ten level-2 themes were extracted. The physical discomfort included throat discomfort, lacking of enough sleep at night, restricted diet, limitation in speaking. The negative emotion included the sense of worry, helplessness, fidget and regret. The wish of support included the wish of coping strategy and being understanded.Conclusions:The main uncomfortable experience of the patients is the throat discomfort which has the chain reaction and causes the other discomfort. So the nurses should inquire patients initiatively, cooperate with doctors and patients′ family members to relieve patients′ discomfort particularly at night, and then the patients′ quality of life, nurse-patient relationship and patients′ satisfaction may be improved.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 446-449, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of microvascular flow imaging (MVFI) combined with high-frequency ultrasonography in children with haemophilic arthropathy A (HAA).Methods:Retrospective study.A total of 82 children diagnosed with HAA in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2018 to October 2020 were recruited.The elbow, knee and ankle joints of each child were examined by high-frequency ultrasonography.The numbers of thickened synovial joints were recorded.Blood flow signals of the thickening of synovial joints was checked by the MVFI and power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS), respectively.Color flow signals were graded by the semi-quantitative scoring systems.The chi- square test and independent multi-group ordinal multi-category rank-sum test were used to compare the differences of MVFI and PDUS in the display of thickened synovial blood flow. Results:A total of 254 joints were involved in 82 children with HAA, including synovial hypertrophy in 188 joints, hydrops articuli in 146 joints, fibrotic septa in 66 joints, cartilage damage in 63 joints, haemosider indeposition in 45 joints, bone erosion in 25 joints, osteophytes in 15 joints and bone remodeling in 8 joints.Grade Ⅱ synovial thickened joints were the most common.The proportion of blood flow signals detected by PDUS in thickened synovial membranes was significantly higher than that detected MVFI (52.66% vs.70.21%, χ2=12.225, P<0.05). Numbers of grade 0 and Ⅰ joints with thickened synovial membranes detected by MVFI were less than those of PDUS, while the opposite result was obtained in detecting grade Ⅱ and Ⅲ joints ( H=21.158, P<0.05). Compared with PDUS, MVFI more sensitively visualized the blood flow of the thickened synovial membrane. Conclusions:MVFI can more prominently detect the thickened synovial blood flow in children with HAA.A combined application of MVFI and high-frequency ultrasonography contributes to the evaluation of children with HAA.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 50-53, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930368

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features and gene phenotype of children with spondyloenchondrodysplasia with immune dysregulation (SPENCDI) caused by ACP5 gene mutation. Methods:The medical data and genetic phenotype of a child diagnosed with SPENCDI in the Department of Pediatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in February 23, 2017 were analyzed retrospectively.Besides, " spondyloenchondrodysplasia" were taken as the search terms to perform the retrieval in CNKI, Wanfang Data, and PubMed, in an attempt to conduct the literature review.χ 2 test was used to compare the factors among children with different mutations. Results:The 4.5-year-old girl was admitted to hospital for complaint of " fever and chilblain-like rash" when she was 2 years old.She was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) concomitant with lupus nephritis.Methylprednisolone combined with cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil was used for the treatment.However, she experienced multiple infections, thrombocytopenia, limp, and growth retardation during the treatment.Genetic detection identified ACP5 gene compound hybrid mutation: c.779C>A and c. 770T>C.She was diagnosed with SPENCDI, and was subjected to follow-up.A total of 78 SPENCDI patients were retrieved from the databases, with various clinical manifestations of SPENCDI, commonly with skeletal involvement and immune phenotypes; 73.08% of the cases were positive for antinuclear antibodies, 57.69% of cases were positive for anti-double stranded-DNA antibodies and 34.62% of cases had neurological symptoms.In 58 cases, ACP5 gene mutations were detected, including 44 homozygous mutations and 14 compound heterozygous mutations.Patients with ACP5 gene homozygous mutation had a higher probability of consanguineous marriage in parents [56.82% (25/44 cases) vs.14.29% (2/14 cases)]; patients with ACP5 gene heterozygous mutation were more likely to develop SLE [64.29% (9/14 cases) vs.34.09% (15/44 cases)]( χ2=7.722, 3.992; all P<0.05). Conclusions:The majority of the ACP5 gene mutations are homozygous mutations in patients with SPENCDI, and heterozygous mutations are rare.The clinical manifestations of SPENCDI are various and complex, it is prone to develop autoimmune diseases, and there was no clear correlation between clinical features and gene phenotype in SPENCDI patients.

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Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 682-689, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features and mutation of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MYD88) L265P in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of central nervous system (CNS).Methods:The clinicopathological materials of 45 cases of DLBCL of CNS were retrospectively collected in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from September 2014 to February 2017. The clinicopathological data were retrospectively analyzed, combined with immunohistochemistry, EB virus in situ hybridization, imaging and medical history. The mutation of MYD88 L265P gene was detected by pyrosequencing and its clinical significance was analyzed. Results:The age of the patients ranged from 42 to 82 years [(57.6±8.8) years], including 24 males and 21 females. Totally 93.3% (42/45) of the patients had supratentorial tumours, which were single or multiple. The cerebral hemisphere (31/45, 68.9%) was the most common involved site, and 21 cases (21/45, 46.7%) had multiple lesions. Histologically, DLBCL in the CNS showed diffuse infiltration of tumor tissue, some of which grew around blood vessels in a "sleeve" arrangement. CD 20 and CD 79a were diffusely and strongly positive. Thirty-nine cases (39/45, 86.7%) were non-germinal center B cell (non-GCB) subtype and 6 cases (6/45, 13.3%) were germinal center B cell (GCB) subtype. MYD88 L265P mutation was found in 64.4% (29/45) patients. There was statistically significant difference between non-GCB type (71.8%, 28/39) and GCB type DLBCL (1/6, P=0.017). Compared with the operation/biopsy group without chemotherapy, operation+chemotherapy, biopsy+chemotherapy, operation/biopsy+chemotherapy+stem cell transplantation can improve the survival and prognosis ( HR=0.05, 95% CI 0.01-0.33 , P=0.002; HR=0.04, 95% CI 0.01-0.36 , P=0.004; HR=0.01, 95% CI 0.00-0.17 , P=0.001; respectively). Conclusions:DLBCL of the CNS is aggressive tumor with poor prognosis, the clinical manifestations are complex and diverse, and the diagnosis is challenging. MYD88 L265P is a common and specific gene mutation in primary CNS lymphoma(PCNSL), which is of great significance in the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma. The MYD88 L265P mutation was more frequently detected in non-GCB than GCB subtype. Chemotherapy can improve the survival rate of PCNSL patients. If chemotherapy achieves complete remission and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is performed, there may be a chance of long-term survival.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 490-494, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957415

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and reliability of the frozen section during targeted prostate biopsy.Methods:The clinical and pathological information of patients who received cognitive fusion transperineal targeted plus systematic biopsy and frozen section of 1-2 core targeted biopsy were consecutively collected and retrospectively studied. The median age was 70 (ranging 64-78) years, with the median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of 11.00 (ranging 6.63-16.52) ng/ml and the median prostate volume of 35.72 (ranging 22.59-47.71) ml. All patients received bi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (bp-MRI) and have Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) 3 or higher lesions diagnosed on bp-MRI. The suspected lesions would be taken by targeted biopsy of which one or two cores would be sent to prepare for the frozen sections. Then a cognitive fusion targeted and systematic biopsy covering the above targeted zones would be routinely administered under a transperineal approach as a standard protocol. The total time used for diagnosis of the frozen sections, the pathological diagnosis and the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade groups (GG) would be recorded. The sensitivity, the positive predictive value, and the accuracy on grade groups would be analyzed, using the pathological diagnosis based on standard sections from the same targeted lesion.Results:A total of 29 patients were included in this study. Accordingly, 29 suspected lesions were identified on bp-MRI. A total of 20 lesions were finally diagnosed of PCa on frozen section, with the detection rate of 69.0%. Of those, 9(45.0%) cases were ISUP GG 1 diseases, 5(25.0%) cases were GG 2 diseases, 1(5.0%) case was GG 3 disease, and 5(25.0%) cases were GG 4-5 diseases. A total of 22 lesions were diagnosed with PCa on standard sections of cores from the same targeted lesions, with the detection rate of 75.9%. Of those, 6(27.3%) cases were GG 1 disease, 11(50.0%) cases were GG 2 diseases, 1(4.5) case was GG 3 disease, and 4(18.2%) cases were GG 4-5 diseases. The sensitivity and the positive predictive value of frozen section were 90.9% and 100%, respectively. No false positive diagnosis was made by frozen section. Compared to diagnosis from frozen sections, the GG diagnosed from final standard sections were found to upgrade and downgrade in 2 and 2 cases, respectively. The accuracy rate on GG of frozen sections was 80%. The time used for the diagnosis of frozen sections was (11±2) minutes. The histology quality control of four specimens was dissatisfactory. Two were due to tissue loss and deformation during sampling, and the other two were due to cytoclasis during low-temperature transferring.Conclusion:It is feasible and reliable to make a pathological diagnosis from frozen section of prostate targeted biopsy.

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