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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the neuroprotective effects of Danggui Shaoyaosan (DSS) on APP<sub>swe</sub>/PS1<sub>ΔE9 </sub>transgenic (APP/PS1) mice and its mechanism related to circular RNA (circRNA). Method:Totally twenty 6-month-old APP/PS1 mice were divided into model group and DSS group, and 10 C57BL/6 wild-type mice were set as the normal control group. The normal group and model group received the same volume of normal saline, and DSS group received drug by gavage administration, all for 8 weeks. The differentially expressed circRNA of APP/PS1 mice before and after DSS intervention was analyzed by circRNA sequencing to construct circRNA-miRNA mRNA interaction network. The results of cricRNA sequencing were then verified by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The protein expression levels of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), p-PI3K, protein kinase B1 (Akt1), p-Akt1, B lymphocytoma-2 (Bcl-2), and Bcl-2-Associated X protein (Bax) in the hippocampus were detected by immunoblotting (Western blot). The protein expression of Caspase-3 in the hippocampus was detected by immunohistochemistry and the level of apoptosis in the hippocampus was detected by the TUNEL method. Result:Compared with the model group, there were 90 differentially expressed circRNA after intervention with DSS, of which 46 were up-regulated and 44 down-regulated. Compared with the normal group, the expression levels of circRNA1398 and circRNA1399 in the model group decreased, and the expression levels of miR-103-3p, miR-153-3p, miR-143-3p, and miR-143-5p increased. Compared with the model group, the expression levels of circRNA1398 and circRNA1399 in the DSS group were up-regulated, while the expression levels of miR-103-3p, miR-153-3p, miR-143-3p, and miR-143-5p were down-regulated. Compared with the normal group, the expression of p-PI3K, Akt1, p-Akt1, and Bcl-2 in the model group decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01), and the expression of Bax and Caspase in the model group increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the expression of p-PI3K, Akt1, p-Akt1, and Bcl-2 in the hippocampus of the DSS group increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the protein expression of Bax and Caspase decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the normal group, the apoptosis level in the hippocampus of the model group increased, with an apoptosis rate of (43.76±2.92)%. Compared with the model group, the apoptosis rate of DSS group was (24.64±3.39)%. Conclusion:DSS can activate PI3K/Akt pathway and inhibit apoptosis in hippocampal neurons of APP / PS1 mice, and play a neuroprotective role. The specific mechanism may be related to the regulation of circRNA1398 and circRNA1399 expression and the corresponding miRNA expression.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1299-1309, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878164

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Bendamustine was approved in China on May 26th, 2019 by the National Medical Product Administration for the treatment of indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The current study was the registration trial and the first reported evaluation of the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of bendamustine in Chinese adult patients with indolent B-cell NHL following relapse after chemotherapy and rituximab treatment.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase 3 study (NCT01596621; C18083/3076) with a 2-year follow-up period. Eligible patients received bendamustine hydrochloride 120 mg/m2 infused intravenously on days 1 and 2 of each 21-day treatment cycle for at least six planned cycles (and up to eight cycles). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR); and secondary endpoints were duration of response (DoR), progression-free survival (PFS), safety, and pharmacokinetics. Patients were classified according to their best overall response after initiation of therapy. Proportions of patients in each response category (complete response [CR], partial response [PR], stable disease, or progressive disease) were summarized along with a two-sided binomial exact 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the ORR.@*RESULTS@#A total of 102 patients were enrolled from 20 centers between August 6th, 2012, and June 18th, 2015. At the time of the primary analysis, the ORR was 73% (95% CI: 63%-81%) per Independent Review Committee (IRC) including 19% CR and 54% PR. With the follow-up period, the median DoR was 16.2 months by IRC and 13.4 months by investigator assessment; the median PFS was 18.6 months and 15.3 months, respectively. The most common non-hematologic adverse events (AEs) were gastrointestinal toxicity, pyrexia, and rash. Grade 3/4 neutropenia was reported in 76% of patients. Serious AEs were reported in 29 patients and five patients died during the study. Pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that the characteristics of bendamustine and its metabolites M3 and M4 were generally consistent with those reported for other ethnicities.@*CONCLUSION@#Bendamustine is an active and effective therapy in Chinese patients with relapsed, indolent B-cell NHL, with a comparable risk/benefit relationship to that reported in North American patients.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, No. NCT01596621; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01596621.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bendamustine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , China , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873567

ABSTRACT

Finland is acknowledged as an international leader in the children's health care by the World Health Organization, especially in the formulation and planning of children's health care policies. In the article, we introduces Finnish service mode and management experience in the whole-process medical care for children, including successful operation of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment, key role of public health nurses in the whole-process management, significant influence of social and family environment on the healthy development of children, and integration of children's health and welfare services through multi-sectoral cooperation. We make some suggestions and recommendations for the construction of children's health service capacity in China in strengthening the laws and policies in the children's health, improving the network construction and three-level connection of maternal and child health care system, taking the construction of pediatric integrated health care system as the breakthrough point to further promote hierarchical diagnosis and treatment, improving the multi-sectoral cooperation mechanism, and maximizing the influence of information technology and family.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880866

ABSTRACT

As an important component of the tumor microenvironment, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) secrete energy metabolites to supply energy for tumor progression. Abnormal regulation of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is thought to contribute to glucose metabolism, but the role of lncRNAs in glycolysis in oral CAFs has not been systematically examined. In the present study, by using RNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis, we analyzed the lncRNA/mRNA profiles of normal fibroblasts (NFs) derived from normal tissues and CAFs derived from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). LncRNA H19 was identified as a key lncRNA in oral CAFs and was synchronously upregulated in both oral cancer cell lines and CAFs. Using small interfering RNA (siRNA) strategies, we determined that lncRNA H19 knockdown affected proliferation, migration, and glycolysis in oral CAFs. We found that knockdown of lncRNA H19 by siRNA suppressed the MAPK signaling pathway, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3) and miR-675-5p. Furthermore, the lncRNA H19/miR-675-5p/PFKFB3 axis was involved in promoting the glycolysis pathway in oral CAFs, as demonstrated by a luciferase reporter system assay and treatment with a miRNA-specific inhibitor. Our study presents a new way to understand glucose metabolism in oral CAFs, theoretically providing a novel biomarker for OSCC molecular diagnosis and a new target for antitumor therapy.


Subject(s)
Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glycolysis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , Phosphofructokinase-2/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Signal Transduction , Tumor Microenvironment
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate whether the efficacy of Getong Tongluo Capsule (, GTC, consisted of total flavone of Radix Puerariae) on improving patients' quality of life and lowering blood pressure are superior to the extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGB) for patients with convalescent-phase ischemic stroke and primary hypertension.@*METHODS@#This randomized, positive-drug- and placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted from September 2015 to October 2017. Totally 477 eligible patients from 18 hospitals in China were randomly assigned in a 2:1:1 ratio to the following interventions, twice a day for 12 weeks: (1) GTC 250 mg plus EGB-matching placebo 40 mg (237 cases, GTC group), (2) EGB 40 mg plus GTC-matching placebo 250 mg (120 cases, EGB group) or (3) GTC-matching placebo 250 mg plus EGB-matching placebo 40 mg (120 cases, placebo group). Moreover, all patients were orally administered aspirin enteric-coated tablets 100 mg, once a day for 12 weeks. The primary outcome was the Barthel Index (BI). The secondary outcomes included the control rate of blood pressure and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores. The incidence and severity of adverse events (AEs) were calculated and assessed.@*RESULTS@#The BI relative independence rates, the clinical recovery rates of NIHSS, and the total effective rates of NIHSS in the GTC and EGB groups were significantly higher than the placebo group at 12 weeks after treatment (P0.05). The control rate of blood pressure in the GTC group was significantly higher than the EGB and placebo groups at 12, 18 and 24 weeks after treatment (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#GTC exhibited significant efficacy in improving patients' quality of life as well as neurological function and controlling hypertension. (Registration No. ChiCTR1800016667).

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828959

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is one of the most common treatments for oral cancer. However, in the clinic, recurrence and metastasis of oral cancer occur after radiotherapy, and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Cancer stem cells (CSCs), considered the "seeds" of cancer, have been confirmed to be in a quiescent state in most established tumours, with their innate radioresistance helping them survive more easily when exposed to radiation than differentiated cancer cells. There is increasing evidence that CSCs play an important role in recurrence and metastasis post-radiotherapy in many cancers. However, little is known about how oral CSCs cause tumour recurrence and metastasis post-radiotherapy. In this review article, we will first summarise methods for the identification of oral CSCs and then focus on the characteristics of a CSC subpopulation induced by radiation, hereafter referred to as "awakened" CSCs, to highlight their response to radiotherapy and potential role in tumour recurrence and metastasis post-radiotherapy as well as potential therapeutics targeting CSCs. In addition, we explore potential therapeutic strategies targeting these "awakened" CSCs to solve the serious clinical challenges of recurrence and metastasis in oral cancer after radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Radiotherapy , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Pathology , Radiation Effects , Radiotherapy , Methods , Recurrence
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801998

ABSTRACT

Objective: To carry out the studies of pharmacological action for extracts of Aconiti Radix and Aconiti Radix Cocta, and evaluate the selection of raw materials in prescriptions, in order to promote the development and clinical application of preparations. Method: The mixed extracts of Aconiti Radix and Aconiti Radix Cocta were prepared respectively according to the technique of aconitum injection, and different dose groups of Aconiti Radix and Aconiti Radix Cocta were established based on the dose of Aconiti Radix 0.152 5 mg·g-1, and then applied in such pharmacodynamic tests as analgesia, heart rate reduction, antitumor effect and toxicology tests, such as acute toxicity and organ observation. The data were analyzed systematically on the basis of literatures. Result: Compared with blank group, the extracts of both Aconiti Radix and Aconiti Radix Cocta had a significantly analgesic effect. At the same dose, the pain inhibition rate of Aconiti Radix injection (60.91%) was higher than that of Aconiti Radix Cocta injection (53.42%), and the pain inhibition rate of Aconiti Radix extract for oral administration(73.94%) was also much higher than that of Aconiti Radix Cocta extract (29.97%), with significant differences (Pth min after administration, the heart rate of the Aconiti Radix group was decreased first, then stabilized, and finally increased with the rise of the dose, while for the Aconiti Radix Cocta group showed a different trend of first stability, then decrease and finally increase. The result indicated the Aconiti Radix group had the effect in reducing heart rate in rats at a low dose. The survival inhibition rate was evaluated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT). The extracts of both Aconiti Radix and Aconiti Radix Cocta had a significantly inhibitory effect on the proliferation of AGS gastric cancer cells, in which Aconiti Radix was stronger than that of Aconiti Radix Cocta at the same dose. In the acute toxicity test of rats, lethal dose 50%(LD50) of Aconiti Radix and Aconiti Radix Cocta were 3.9 g·kg-1 and 21.0 g·kg-1 respectively, which were equivalent to 4 times and 20 times of the clinical dose. LD50 of the extract of Aconiti Radix Cocta was 5 times than that of Aconiti Radix. The liver and kidney of dead rats were dark with obvious symptoms of poisoning after dissection, while all the organs of rats at the clinical and lower dose were normal. Conclusion: The safety of Aconiti Radix is lower than that of Aconiti Radix Cocta, but with greater analgesic, bradycardic and anticancerous effect. Therefore, it is suggested that the preparations, such as aconitum injection, should be prepared with Aconiti Radix in the treatment of severe pain of patients with advanced gastric and liver cancer, and the preparations for general pain can be prepared with Aconiti Radix Cocta, so as to achieve a truly safe and effective dialectical treatment.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2474-2480, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817262

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of benzoxazole derivative 2-(chlorobenzoxazolyl-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro- dihydro-indazole-3-ol (PO-296) on the differentiation of murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells(DC) and their related indexes as specific surface molecules and inflammatory cytokines. METHODS: Bone marrow nuclear cells of mice were isolated, and immature DC (imDC) was obtained by recombinant mice granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor and recombinant mice IL-4. After pretreated with low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose (1, 5, 25 μmol/L) of PO-296, DC was obtained by lipopolysaccharide induction. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of DC specific surface molecules [i.e. the proportion of class Ⅱ major histocompatibility complex (MHC Ⅱ), CD80, CD86 and chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) positive cells], imDC phagocytosis (i.e. the proportion of dextran positive cells) and DC survival (i.e. the proportion of survival cells). ELISA method was used to detect the levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, IL-12 and TNF-α) in cell culture medium. RESULTS: Compared with imDC group, the proportion of MHC Ⅱ, CD80 and CD86 positive cells were increased significantly in non-loading group (P<0.05). Compared with non-loading group, the levels of IL-10 in cell culture medium were increased significantly in PO-296 groups. The proportions of MHC Ⅱ, CD80 and CD86 positive cells in positive group and PO-296 medium-dose and high-dose groups as well as the levels of IL-12 and TNF-α in cell culture medium in administration groups were decreased significantly (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in the proportion of CCR7 positive cells, dextran positive cells and survival cells in administration groups, compared with non-loading group (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PO-296 has no obvious cytotoxicity and does not affect the phagocytic function of imDC. At the same time, the compound can inhibit the expression of DC specific surface molecules and regulate the secretion of inflammatory cytokines.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665385

ABSTRACT

Objective·To investigate the effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on autophagy in hippocampus of neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD). Methods·Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of autophagy associated proteins Beclin1, LC3 Ⅱ , and p62 in the hippocampus of HIBD rats following MSCs transplantation and oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD)-injured primary neurons following MSCs seperated coculture. The learning-memory function in the HIBD rats after MSCs transplantation was tested by Morris water maze test. Transmission electron microscopy was also used to observe the number of autophagic neurons in OGD damaged neurons after coculture with MSCs. Results·The levels of Beclin1 and LC3 Ⅱ protein expressions were significantly increased at 12-24 h in the rat hippocampus following HIBD injury. MSCs transplantation statistically downregulated the autophagy level in the hippocampus, and obviously improved the learning-memory function of HIBD rats. Meanwhile, the levels of Beclin1 and LC3 Ⅱ protein expressions in the primary neurons in vitro were also induced by OGD for 12 h. MSCs seperated coculture significantly downregulated the autophagy level of hippocampal neurons by OGD injury, decreased the number of autophagosome in the OGD-injured neurons. Conclusion·MSCs may inhibit the autophagy of hippocampal neurons by partly regulating the damaged microenvironment to improve the learning and memory function of HIBD rats.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1026-1029, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710477

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the short-term clinical results of paclitaxel coated balloon angioplasty (PCBA) and plain balloon angioplasty (POBA) in remedying popliteal arteriosclerosis occlusive disease.Methods From July 2013 to July 2016,56 patients of severe intermittent claudication or critical limb ischemia (CLI) due to stenosis or occlusion of popliteal artery were treated by PCBA in 30 patients (30 limbs),and by POBA in 26 patients (26 limbs).We compared clinical data of both groups at 1,3 and 6 months.Results The mean(± SD)length of treated segment in PCBA and POBA group respectively was (8.6 ± 3.3) cm and (6.9 ± 3.7) cm (t =1.817,P > 0.05).According to peak systolic velocity rate (PSVR > 2.4 as restenosis),l-month,3-month and 6-month restenosis rates were 0 (0 patients)in PCBA group vs.11.5% (3 patients)in POBA group(x2 =1.74,P >0.05),0(0 patients)vs.24.0% (6 patients) (x2 =5.59,P < 0.05),3.6% (1 patients)vs.65.2% (15 patients) (x2 =22.29,P < 0.01),respectively.6-month target lesion revascularization(TLR) was 3.6% (1 patient) in PCBA group vs.60.9% (in 14 patients) in POBA group(x2 =19.97,P <0.01),limb salvage rate at 6 months was 100% (28 patients)vs.65.2% (15 patients) (x2 =11.55,P < 0.01).Conclusion In the short term,paclitaxel coated balloon angioplasty was superior to POBA for anti-restenosis of popliteal arteriosclerosis occlusive disease.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607768

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of dexmedetomidine combined with ropivacaine for ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block in elderly patients undergoing inguinal her-nia surgery.Methods Sixty elderly patients undergoing inguinal hernia surgery were randomly divided into dexmedetomidine group (group D)and control group (group C),30 patients in each group.All patients received ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block by the same anesthesiologist. 0.375% ropivacaine and dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg 20 ml were used in ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block in group D,while 0.375% ropivacaine 20 ml were used in ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block in group C.Sensory block onset time and blockade duration were recorded.Side effects were recorded in both groups.Results Sensory block onset time in group D was significantly shorter than that in group C (10.6±4.3 min vs 14.4±5.1 min,P <0.05).Sensory block durations in group D was significantly longer than that in group C (832.7±136.6 min vs 669.8±140.1 min,P <0.05). There were two bradycardia cases in group D.No adverse reactions or anaesthesia complications oc-curred in all patients following postoperative follow-up.Conclusion Dexmedetomidine combined with ropivacaine can be used in ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block safely,and dexmedetomidine shortens the onset time and prolonged the duration of sensory block.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819936

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of perfusion of the gastrodin in abdominal aorta for alleviating the spinal cord ischemia reperfusion injury (SCIRI).@*METHODS@#A total of 36 New Zealand white rabbits were divided randomly into sham-operated group (group S), control group (group C) and gastrodin group (group G), 12 rabbits for each group. Aorta abdominalis infrarenalis blocking method was applied to establish the SCIRI model. The changes of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) before the ischemia and on 30 min, 60 min, 6 h, 12 h and 24 h of reperfusion of the gastrodin were respectively recorded, and the neurologic function score before the ischemia, on the 6 h, 12 h and 24 h of the reperfusion of the gastrodin were assessed. And the changes of the concentration of serum neuron specific enolase (NSE), interleukin (IL)-lβ and IL-8 were measured before the ischemia, after 45 min of ischemia, and on 30 min, 60 min, 6 h, 12 h and 24 h of reperfusion of gastrodin. Then the levels of spinal cord nerve cells mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (SOD), reactive oxygen species (ROS), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and mitochondrial swelling degree (MSD) were tested and the histopathologic changes in spinal cord tissues were observed.@*RESULTS@#The levels of the NSE, IL-lβ, IL-8, ROS, MDA and MSD of group C were all significantly elevated after the ischemia (P < 0.01); the levels of the spinal nerve cell mitochondria SOD, GSH-PX and T-AOC were all significantly reduced (P < 0.01), MEPs and spinal cord tissue pathology were damaged significantly (P < 0.01). The rate of motor neuron abnormalities and the damages of spinal cord tissue pathology of group G were significantly milder than those of group C (P < 0.01); the levels of NSE, IL-lβ, IL-8, ROS, MDA and MSD were significantly lower than those of group C (P < 0.01), but the levels of SOD, GSH-PX and T-AOC were all significantly higher than those of group C (P < 0.01), and the recovery of neurologic function score during the reperfusion of gastrodin was significantly faster than group C (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Perfusion of the gastrodin in abdominal aorta can alleviate the spinal cord ischemia reperfusion injury by promoting the mitochondrial antioxidant capacity and inhibiting the inflammatory reaction.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273734

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effects of irbesartan against cardiac inflammation associated with diabetes and obesity in the db/db mouse model of type 2 diabetes and explore the underlying mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty- four 10-week-old diabetic db/db mice were equally randomized into irbesartan treatment (50 mg/kg per day) group and model group, using 12 nondiabetic littermates (db/+) as the controls, The mice were treated with irbesartan or saline vehicle for 16 consecutive weeks, after which the heart pathology was observed and the heart weight, body weight, and serum levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol(TC), and triglycerides(TG) were measured. The expression of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) p65 in the myocardium was assessed with immunohistochemistry, the protein levels of P-IκBα ,IκBα and β-actin were analyzed with Western blotting, and the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA were detected using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with db/+ mice, the saline-treated db/db mice developed obesity, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia (P<0.01). Histopathological examination of the heart tissue revealed inflammatory cell infiltration, increased myocardial interstitium and disorders of myocardial fiber arrangement. The diabetic mice showed increased P-IαBα and decreased IκBα protein levels, enhanced activity and expression of NF-κB in the hearts, and increased mRNA expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in the myocardium. These abnormalities were all associated with increased inflammatory response. Treatment with irbesartan improved the heart architecture and attenuated high glucose-induced inflammation in the diabetic mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Treatment with irbesartan attenuates cardiac inflammation in type 2 diabetic db/db mice, and this effect was probably associated with the suppression of cardiac angiotensin II and NF-κB signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Angiotensin II , Metabolism , Animals , Biphenyl Compounds , Pharmacology , Cardiovascular Diseases , Drug Therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Mice , Obesity , Random Allocation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction , Tetrazoles , Pharmacology , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296544

ABSTRACT

To identify target energy balance-related behaviors (ERBs), baseline data from 141 overweight or obese schoolchildren (aged 8-14 years old) was used to predict adiposity [body mass index (BMI) and fat percentage] one year later. The ERBs included a modified Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension diet score (DASH score), leisure-time physical activity (PA, days/week), and leisure screen time (minutes/day). Several cardiometabolic variables were measured in the fasting state, including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), blood glucose (GLU), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C). BMI and fat percentage were measured using a BIA body composition analyzer (MC-980MA, TANITA, Tanita Co., Guangzhou, China). Partial correlation coefficients (partial r) and multiple linear regression models were used to predict BMI and fat percentage one year later. Our sample consisted of 114 boys and 83 girls with a mean BMI of 24.7±3.7 kg/m2 and fat percentage of 34.2%±8.3% at baseline. BMI, fat percentage, and certain cardiometabolic variables were negatively associated with DASH score and leisure-time PA (all P<0.05), but positively associated with leisure screen time (all P<0.05) at baseline. Statistically significant predictors of BMI and fat percentage one year later were baseline BMI (partial r=0.85), fat percentage (partial r=0.69), eating out (times/week, partial r=0.18), and DASH Score (partial r=-0.18). Overall, childhood obesity prevention interventions should target reductions in ERBs.


Subject(s)
Adiposity , Adolescent , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Blood Pressure , Child , Cholesterol , Blood , Feeding Behavior , Female , Humans , Male , Obesity , Metabolism , Psychology , Overweight , Metabolism , Psychology , Triglycerides , Blood
15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 61-64, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466001

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impacts of low-grade inflammation on the correlation of serum testosterone (T) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) men.Methods Based on the concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP) and T,a total of 247 patients was divided into low-grade inflammation with low T group (LI-LT,CRP ≥ 2.0 mg/L,T < 12.0 nmol/L,n =65),low-grade inflammation with normal T group (LI-NT,n =67),non-low-grade inflammation with low T group (NLI-LT,n =56),and non-low-grade inflammation with normal T group (NLI-NT,n =59).General information,medical history,and anthropometry data were collected.Glycosylated hemoglobin AI c (HbA1c),blood fat,and CIMT were detected.Results Compared to NLI-NT group,CIMT in NLI-LT group was increased without statistical significance [(0.87 ±0.09) vs (0.90 ±0.10)mm,t =1.693,P =0.090].CIMT in LI-LT group was increased significantly compared to that of LI-NT group [(0.99 ± 0.10) vs (1.07 ±0.12)mm,t =5.208,P =0.000].Correlation analysis indicated that serum T correlated negatively with CIMT (n =247,r =-0.368,P <0.01) in whole.The correlation coefficient of T and CIMT was-0.582 (P =0.000),and-0.098 (P =0.087) in patients with (n =132) and without (n =115) low-grade inflammation,respectively.To make CIMT dependent coefficient and serum T independent coefficient in multiple regression analysis,the partial regression coefficient was-0.062 (95% CI:-0.094 ~-0.029,P =0.008),and-0.045 (95% CI:-0.087 ~-0.002,P =0.036),respectively,before and after the adjustment of age,smoking,family history,T2DM course,body mass,blood pressure,HbAlc,and blood fat.After the additional adjustment of CRP,the partial regression coefficient was-0.019 (95% CI:-0.120 ~ 0.042,P =0.287).Conclusions The negative relationship between serum T and CIMT in T2DM men might be modulated by low-grade inflammation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811950

ABSTRACT

@#Hot-melt extrusion technology was used to prepare solid dispersion of posaconazole for improving its dissolution. Solubility parameter, glass transition temperature and melting method were utilized to screen polymers. Using KollidonVA64, Soluplus, Eudragit L100 and combined carrier KollidonVA64-Eudragit L100 as polymer carrier, solid dispersion was prepared by hot-melt extrusion technology and characterized by drug dissolution. The formulation and process factor affecting dissolution were studied. The state of posaconazole in solid dispersion was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry and preliminary analysis of the stability was studied by influencing factors experiments. When using KollidonVA64-Eudragit L100(2 ∶8)as the carrier, 10 % triethyl citrate as the plasticizer and extrusion temperature of 150 °C, the dissolution of posaconazole was improved significantly. Drug was molecular or amorphous form in the carrier. Proportion of Eudragit L100 and KollidonVA64, temperature, drug loading and plasticizer influenced dissolution of posaconazole. Solid dispersion was stable for high temperature and strong light but sensitive to high humidity. Solid dispersion using hot-melt extrusion technology can significantly improve the dissolution of posaconazole.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468805

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the primary clinical results of Gore (R) Viabahn endoprosthesis for atherosclerotic stenosis or occlusion in superficial femoral artery (SFA).Methods From March 2013 to November 2013,45 consecutive patients (54 limbs) who had ischemic symptom due to stenosis or occlusion of superficial femoral artery were treated by endovascular deployment of Gore (R) Viabahn endoprosthesis.We observed patency rate,improvement of Rutherford classification and ankle-brachial index,limb salvage rate and survival rate after 1,3 and 6 months.Results 43 patients (52 limbs)were followed-up,among which 32 patients(38 limbs)belonged to TASC Ⅱ type C or type D lesion.The mean (± SD) length of treated segment in 52 limbs was(19 ±4)cm.The rate of postoperative patency on duplex ultrasonography:one month,3 months and 6 months were 96.15% (50 limbs),92.31% (48 limbs)and 90.38% (47 limbs) ; Ankle-brachial index increased from(0.32 ±0.20)to(0.68 ±0.18) (t =3.180,P < 0.005) after 6 months ; at 6 months limb salvage rate was 96.08 percent (49 limbs),and survival rate was 97.67% (42 patients).Conclusions Implantation of Gore (R) Viabahn endoprosthesis in atherosclerotic stenotic or occluded superficial femoral artery safely achieves a definite primary clinical effectiveness.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1833-1838, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458150

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of C1q/TNF related protein 3 (CTRP3) on the insulin sensitivity of insulin resistant 3T3-L1 adipocytes.METHODS: The insulin resistance model of 3T3-L1 adipocytes was induced by palmic acid cultivation.The adipocytes were treated with different concentrations of recombinant CTRP3 protein (10, 50, 250,1 250 μg/L) for 12 h, and for different times (2, 6, 12, 24 h) at the concentration of 250μg/L.The glucose con-sumption was detected by the glucose oxidase method.The glucose transport ratio was measured by 2-deoxidation-[3H]-glucose intake method.The contents of TNF-αand IL-6 in the supernatant were detected by ELISA.The mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-6 and glucose transporter-4 (GLUT-4) was measured by real-time PCR.The protein expression of GLUT-4 was detected by Western blotting.RESULTS:Compared with normal control ( NC) group, the glucose consumption and glucose intake ratio of insulin resistance ( IR) group was decreased by 50.6%and 57.9%, respectively.Compared with IR group, with the increase in CTRP3 (10, 50, 250,1 250 μg/L) in intervention groups, the glucose consumptions were in-creased by 22.1%, 42.9%, 76.6% and 80.5%, respectively, and the glucose intake ratios were increased by 39.0%, 68.0%, 108.0%and 111.0%, respectively.With the increased duration (2, 6, 12 and 24 h) of CTRP3 treatment at the concentration of 250 μg/L, the glucose intake ratio was increased by 23.0%, 79.0%, 109.0%and 114.0%, respectively. The contents of TNF-αand IL-6 in the supernatant were decreased by 17.4%and 17.1%respectively as treated with CTRP3 at the concentration of 250 μg/L for 12 h, and the mRNA expression of TNF-αand IL-6 was decreased by 26.0% and 18.9%respectively, while the mRNA and protein expression of GLUT-4 was increased by 61.5%and 55.6%respectively. CONCLUSION:CTRP3 may increase the insulin sensitivity of insulin resistant 3T3-L1 adipocytes by down-regulating the expression of inflammatory factors, improving the insulin signal transduction and increasing the expression of GLUT-4.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453613

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the mid and long term results of endovascular procedures for diabetic below-the-knee lesions.Methods We retrospectively analyzed data of 762 patients (797 limbs in Wagner Grade 1 to 4) who suffered ischemic symptoms of diabetic below-the-knee lesions,admitted for endovascular procedures from Aug 2005 to May 2012.Technical success rate and complications,anklebrachial index,wound healing,limb salvage and survival were evaluated.Results 762 patients (797 limbs) underwent 857 endovascular procedures with immediate technical success in 805 times (success rate 93.93%).30 day complications included 33 cases (4.33%) of hematoma or pseudoaneurysm related to access site,20 cases (2.62%) of vasovagal reflex,38 cases (4.99%) of belowthe-knee arteriorrhexis,75 cases (9.84%) of inflow-limited dissection,23 cases (3.02%) of arterial embolism,4 cases (0.52%) of blue-toe sign.Postoperative mean ABI was improved significantly,from 0.33 ± 0.20 to 0.68 ± 0.17,P < 0.005.722 patients (751 limbs) were followed up for more than 12 months (35 ± 23 months),wound healing rate within 3 months was 72.28%,limb salvage rate after 12 months was 85.62%,survival rate was 95.01%.Conclusions Immediate technical success rate of endovascular procedures for diabetic below-the-knee lesions is high,complications rate is low,medium and long term efficacy is satisfactory.

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Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1342-1345, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442560

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the different impacts of the components of metabolic syndrome (MS) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and Framingham risk value (FRV) in newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients without coronary heart disease (CHD).Methods A total of 212 newly-diagnosed T2DM patients was divided into three groups based on the components of MS,including body mass index (BMI),triglyceride (TG),high density lipoproteins cholesterol (HDL-C),and mean arterial pressure (MAP) tertile,respectively.The general CVD risk factors [smoking,BMI,TG,HDL-C,total cholesterol (TC),low density lipoproteins cholesterol (LDL-C),HbA1 C,homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR),and FRV] were compared among the groups.Logistic regression analysis was used to observe the different impact of MS components on CVD risk.Results With the increasing of BMI,TG and MAP tertiles,all the CVD risk factors and the ratio of FRV middle-risk group or high-risk group had the tendency of augmentation.With the increasing of HDL-C tertiles,all the CVD risk factors and the ratio of FRV middle-risk group or high-risk group was in downtrend.Binary logistic regression analysis indicted that BMI,systolic pressure,diastolic pressure,HbA1 c and TG were risk factors of FRV non-low-risk group (middle-risk and high-risk groups),HDL-C was the protective factor.The odds ratios (ORs) of BMI,systolic pressure,diastolic pressure,HbA1 c,TG and HDL-C were 2.794 (95% CI:2.390-2.408),2.601 (95 % CI:1.974-3.701),1.476 (95 % CI:1.231-2.048),2.964 (95 % CI:1.925-3.282),1.464(95% CI:0.934-2.294),and 0.732(95% CI:0.023-0.962),respectively.Logistic stepwise regression analysis indicated that systolic pressure,BMI,HbA1 C,and HDL-C were entered into the regression equation,and the partial regression coefficient was 0.784,1.213,1.679,and-0.854,respectively (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).Conclusions All the components of MS in newly-diagnosed T2DM were correlated with CVD risk factors.However,they should be weighed differently.

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