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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 61-64, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998524

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate etiologic characteristics of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in a sentinel hospital in Guangzhou from 2017 to 2021, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of HFMD. Methods Descriptive epidemiologic methods were used to analyze the etiologic characteristics of mild cases of HMFD during 2017-2021. Results A total of 1 633 specimens of mild cases of HMFD were collected from 2017 to 2021. The total enterovirus (EV) positive rate was 78.41%, among which the positive rates of the main pathogen Cox A6, Cox A16, Cox A10, and EV71 were 40.83%, 17.68%, 6.13%, and 1.62%, respectively. The total positive rate of enteroviruses and the positive rate of enteroviruses of all types in each year were statistically different (P<0.001). In 2017-2021, the prevalence of HFMD in Guangzhou was mainly Cox A6, followed by Cox A16 which had the highest positive rate in 2018 (24.62%). The positive rate of EV71 decreased year by year. Cox A6 was highly prevalent from June to December every year, while the detection rate of Cox A16 was high from April to August every year. The positive detection rate of EV71 was high from January to May in 2017 and low from 2018 to 2021, with no epidemic peak. Conclusion From 2017 to 2021, the main pathogen of HMFD in Guangzhou is Cox A6, not EV71 or CoxA16, which suggests that it is of great significance to strengthen the monitoring of epidemic trend of HFMD for the prevention and control of HFMD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 941-947, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of definitive radiotherapy with different doses on overall survival (OS) and identify the prognostic factors of patients with non-metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods:Clinical data of 2 344 ESCC patients treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT) alone or chemoradiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals were collected and analyzed retrospectively. After the propensity score matching (PSM)(1 to 2 ratio), all patients were divided into the low-dose group (equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions, EQD 2Gy<60 Gy; n=303) and high-dose group (EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy; n=606) based on the dose of radiation. Survival analysis was conducted by Kaplan- Meier method. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed by Cox′s regression model. Results:The median follow-up time was 59.6 months. After the PSM, the 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 66.5%, 34.7%, 27.2% in the low-dose group, 72.9%, 41.7% and 34.7% in the high-dose group, respectively ( P=0.018). The 1-, 3-and 5-year progression-free survival rate was 52.2%, 27.2%, 23.1% in the low-dose group, 58.3%, 38.1% and 33.9% in the high-dose group, respectively ( P=0.001). The outcomes of univariate analysis indicated that cervical/upper esophagus location, early (stage Ⅱ) AJCC clinical stage, node negative status, tumor length ≤5 cm, receiving intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), receiving concurrent chemotherapy and EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy were closely associated with better OS (all P<0.05). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that tumor location, regional lymph node metastasis, concurrent chemotherapy and EQD 2Gy were the independent prognostic factors for OS (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Three-dimensional conformal or IMRT with EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy yields favorable survival outcomes for patients with locally advanced ESCC.

3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 139-144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799555

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic factors of T1-2N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with definitive radiotherapy.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 196 patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC who were treated with definitive radiotherapy in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. All sites were members of Jing-Jin-Ji Esophageal and Esophagogastric Cancer Radiotherapy Oncology Group (3JECROG). Radiochemotherapy were applied to 78 patients, while the other 118 patients received radiotherapy only. 96 patients were treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and 100 treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The median dose of plan target volume(PTV) and gross target volume(GTV) were both 60 Gy. The median follow-up time was 59.2 months. Log rank test and Cox regression analysis were used for univariat and multivariate analysis, respectively.@*Results@#The percentage of normal lung receiving at least 20 Gy (V20) was (18.65±7.20)%, with average dose of (10.81±42.05) Gy. The percentage of normal heart receiving at least 30 Gy (V30) was (14.21±12.28)%. The maximum dose of exposure in spinal cord was (39.65±8.13) Gy. The incidence of radiation pneumonia and radiation esophagitis were 14.80%(29/196) and 65.82%(129/196), respectively. The adverse events were mostly grade 1-2, without grade 4 toxicity. Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 70.1 months and 62.3 months, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates of all patients were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year PFS rates were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that patients′age (HR=1.023, P=0.038) and tumor diameter (HR=1.243, P=0.028)were the independent prognostic factors for OS, while tumor volume were the independent prognostic factor for PFS.@*Conclusions@#Definitive radiotherapy is a promising therapeutic method in patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC. Patients′ age, tumor diameter and tumor volume may impact patients′ prognosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 490-494, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755057

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the effect of tumor length on the prognosis in stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients treated with definitive radiotherapy and to evaluate the role of tumor length in clinical stage for non-operative ESCC patients.Methods The data of 2 086 ESCC patients who were treated with definitive radiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals (3JECROG) were analyzed.The effect of tumor length on overall survival (OS) was analyzed and stratified analysis of tumor length was done in different stages of ESCC.Results The median OS and median progression-free survival (PFS) time of the whole group were 25.6 months and 18.2 months respectively.The Cox multivariate analysis showed that treatment moda,aga,alinical stage and tumor length were independent prognostic factors.The median,1-,3-,and 5-year OS were 28.9 months,77.3%,45.0%,and 36.3% versus 21.9 months,69.9%,37.9%,and 28.1% for patients with ≤ 5 cm and patients > 5 cm respectively (P<0.05).For stage Ⅱ patienta,abe median OS were 42.1 and 38.9 months respectively in ≤ 5 cm group and>5 cm group (P=0.303).And for stage Ⅲ patienta,abe median OS were 23.9 and 19.3 months respectively in ≤5 cm group and>5 cm group (P<0.001).The median OS with N1was 24.1 and 18.4 montha,aespectively in ≤5 cm group and>5 cm group (P<0.001).Conclusions The tumor length was an independent prognostic factor for stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ patients treated definitive radiotherapy.The tumor length may be helpful in clinical staging of ESCa,aspecially for stage Ⅲ and N1.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 405-411, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755038

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic effects between three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer and investigate the prognostic factors.Methods Medical record of 2 132 patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer who underwent definitive radiotherapy with/without chemotherapy in 10 hospitals from January 2002 to December 2016 from were retrospectively analyzed.Among these patients,37.9% of them were aged ≥ 70 years,33.9% with neck and upper esophageal tumors and 66.1% with middle and lower esophageal and borderline tumors.The median gross tumor volume (GTV) and lymph node gross tumor volume (GTVnd) was 41.6 cm3.Among them,32% were stage Ⅱ] and 68% were stage Ⅲ.A total of 723 patients received 3DCRT and 1 409 cases received IMRT.Patients received an equivalent dose in 2 Gy (EQD2) ≥ 60 Gy accounted for 86.1%,and 41.1% of them received concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Results The median follow-up time was 60.8 months.The 1-,3-and 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 73.9%,41.7% and 32.6%,and the 1-,3-and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 62.2%,37.3% and 32%,respectively.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume,EQD2 and concurrent chemoradiotherapy were the independent prognostic factors for OS.Age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume and EQD2 were the independent prognostic factors for PFS.The OS and PFS did not significantly differ among the low-risk,low-/moderate-risk,moderate-/high-risk and high-risk groups according to age≥70 years,tumor diameter>5 cm,tumor volume ≥41.6 cm3 and stage Ⅲ (P<0.001).After the propensity score matching (PSM) method,neither 3DCRT nor IMRT yielded significant advantages in OS or PFS (P=0.971;P=0.658).However,IMRT tended to yield survival benefits in low-risk patients (P=0.125).Conclusions Both 3DCRT and IMRT yield relatively high OS rate in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer.The prognosis model established in this investigation can properly predict the survival of patients.Low-risk patients tend to obtain survival benefits from IMRT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 959-964, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708300

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the survival and prognostic factors of esophageal cancer treated with definitive ( chemo ) radiotherapy by applying novel radiation techniques including three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods Clinical data of 2762 patients with non-operated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent definitive ( chemo ) radiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed.The prognostic factors were also identified and analyzed. Results The median follow-up time was 60. 8 months. The 1-, 2-, 3-and 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 71. 4%,48. 9%,39. 3%,and 30. 9%,respectively.The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 59.5%,41.5%,35.2%,and 30%,respectively.The median survival was 23 months.The median time to progression was 17. 2 months.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age, primary tumor location, clinical stage, tumor target volume, EQD2 and treatment mode were the independent prognostic factors for OS.Primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume and EQD2 were the independent prognostic factors for PFS. Conclusions In this first large-scale multi-center retrospective analysis of definitive ( chemo) radiotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in China, the 5-year OS of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is significantly improved by 3DCRT, IMRT combined with chemotherapy drugs. However, the findings remain to be validated by prospective clinical trials with high-level medical evidence.

7.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 271-273, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the recent curative effect and adverse reactions of radiotherapy combined with temozolomide in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with brain metastases.MethodsThe clinical date of 51 NSCLC patients with brain metastases were retrospective analyzed in Department of Radiation Oncology of Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University.Patients were divided into experimental group (n=26) and control group (n=25) according to the different treatment methods.The experimental group underwent whole brain and local tumor radiotherapy plus temozolomide.The control group only received whole brain and local tumor radiotherapy.The recent curative effect and adverse reactions of the two groups were analyzed.Results The Karnofsky performance status score of patients in the experimental group was obviously improved than that in the control group (76.2±6.4 vs.72.8±5.3), with a significant difference (t=2.06, P=0.04).The total effective rate in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (80.8% vs.64.0%), but there was no statistically significant difference (χ2=1.80, P=0.18).Compared with the control group, the incidences of nausea and vomiting (80.8% vs.28.0%) and bone marrow suppression (84.6% vs.24.0%) in the experimental group were significantly higher, with significant differences (χ2=14.33, P=0.00;χ2=18.91, P=0.00).There were similar incidences of headache (69.2% vs.60.1%), liver and kidney damage (73.1% vs.64.0%) in the two groups, with no significant differences (χ2=0.47, P=0.49;χ2=0.47, P=0.49).Conclusion Radiotherapy combined with temozolomide can improve the quality of life in NSCLC patients with brain metastases, which has controllable and tolerable adverse reactions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 680-683, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707199

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of dengue virus infection during pregnancy . Methods A retrospective study was performed based on the clinical data of manifestations ,pregnancy outcomes and neonates in patients with dengue virus infection during pregnancy from January 1st ,2014 to December 31th ,2014 at maternity ward in Guangzhou .Results The most common manifestations in patients with dengue virus infection during pregnancy were fever (100 .0% ) , body soreness (42 .9% ) ,headache (41 .3% ) ,cutaneous rash (41 .3% ) ,fatigue (34 .9% ) and muscle pain or arthralgia (17 .5% ) , nausea and vomiting (12 .7% ) . The decline proportions of leukocyte , platelet and neutrophil count were 17 .5% ,20 .6% and 6 .3% ,respectively ,and the lowest point was observed on 5 — 6 days after the onset of illness .Miscarriage was observed in 3 pregnant patients (4 .8% , all in the first trimester ) ,intra-uterine death in one patient (1 .6% ,at 22 weeks of gestation) and artificial abortion in 2 cases .A total of 48 patients delivered ,among whom caesarean section rate was 37 .5% , prematurity rate was 12 .5% and low birth weight rate was 8 .2% .Maternal – foetal vertical transmission happened in 2 cases .Sequence alignment demonstrated that the homologies of the nucleic acids and amino acids within each dengue virus vertical transmission mother-infant pairs were > 99 .9% .Conclusions The manifestations of dengue virus infected women with pregnancy are not specific .Early detection and early diagnosis should be made according to the history of epidemiology for women with reproductive age in endemic areas .Maternal dengue virus infection during pregnancy might cause vertical transmission and is correlated with bad outcomes of pregnancy , including miscarriage , intra-uterine death and premature birth .Perinatal infection might cause maternal-foetal vertical transmission .

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2869-2872, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661283

ABSTRACT

Objectives To analyze the distribution and drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria in neonatal department,and to provide criteria for rational clinical use of antibiotics. Methods Totally 15,796 specimens ob-tained from neonates were cultured according to the operation specification. The isolated pure strains were identified and their drug susceptibility was tested by VITEK-2 automated microorganism identification system. Results A to-tal of 1,125 strains of bacteria were isolated and the total detection rate was 7.1%. Of the total,742(66.0%)were gram-negative bacteria ,355(31.6%)gram-positive bacteria and 28(2.4%)fungi. K pneumonia was the most fre-quently isolated pathogen in gram-negative bacteria ,and staphylococcus the most frequently isolated pathogen in gram-positive bacteria. G-bacteria were highly resistant to ampicillin ,1st and 2nd generation cephalosporin. The re-sistant rates of K pneumonia,P aeruginosa and A baumannii to imipenem were>24.0%.Among the staphylococ-cus,35.7%were MRSA and 73.3%MRSCN. The antibiotic sensitivities of staphylococcusto vancomycin,Rina thia-zole alkanes and Tigecycline were 100.0%,but those to penicillin,cephalosporin and erythromycin low. Conclu-sion The dominant bacteria isolated from specimens obtained from neonates are gram-negativebacteria ,and they present extensive antibiotic resistance.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2869-2872, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658364

ABSTRACT

Objectives To analyze the distribution and drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria in neonatal department,and to provide criteria for rational clinical use of antibiotics. Methods Totally 15,796 specimens ob-tained from neonates were cultured according to the operation specification. The isolated pure strains were identified and their drug susceptibility was tested by VITEK-2 automated microorganism identification system. Results A to-tal of 1,125 strains of bacteria were isolated and the total detection rate was 7.1%. Of the total,742(66.0%)were gram-negative bacteria ,355(31.6%)gram-positive bacteria and 28(2.4%)fungi. K pneumonia was the most fre-quently isolated pathogen in gram-negative bacteria ,and staphylococcus the most frequently isolated pathogen in gram-positive bacteria. G-bacteria were highly resistant to ampicillin ,1st and 2nd generation cephalosporin. The re-sistant rates of K pneumonia,P aeruginosa and A baumannii to imipenem were>24.0%.Among the staphylococ-cus,35.7%were MRSA and 73.3%MRSCN. The antibiotic sensitivities of staphylococcusto vancomycin,Rina thia-zole alkanes and Tigecycline were 100.0%,but those to penicillin,cephalosporin and erythromycin low. Conclu-sion The dominant bacteria isolated from specimens obtained from neonates are gram-negativebacteria ,and they present extensive antibiotic resistance.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 55-58, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463875

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of temozolomide on apoptosis and molecular mechanism in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell H446. Methods The effect of temozolomide on the viability of H446 cell was measured by MTT assay.The effect of temozolomide on cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry.The activation of phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway and expression level of downstream target genes (Cyclin B1), cell division cycle 2 (Cdc2), Bax, Bcl-2 and Survivin were detected by western blot.Results Temozolomide (50, 100, 200 μmol/L) could inhibit H446 cell viability, and the inhibitory rate was highest at 48 h.Moreover, temozolomide made H446 cell cycle arrested in G2 phase.Western blott showed the expression of PI3K, Cyclin B1, Cdc2, Bcl-2, Survivin and the phosphorylation of AKT were reduced, but the expression of Bax were increased by temozolomide.Conclusion Temozolomide could induce SCLC cell H446 apoptosis via blocking PI3K/AKT signal pathway.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 827-831, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466235

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of silencing H2AX gene on esophageal cancer ECA109 cell xenograft growth and sensitivity to radiotherapy in nude mice.Methods BALB/c nude mice models were established by subcutaneously inoculating differently treated ECA109 cells into nude mice.By random number table method 60 nude mice were divided into six groups,including blank group,irradiation group,negative group,negative with irradiation group,silence group and silence with irradiation group.The nude mice were irradiated with 15 Gy of 6 MV X-rays 21 d after inoculation.After irradiation 48 h,half of each mice group was terminated.The tumor specimens were processed by Western blot,RT-PCR and flow cytometry were used to detect the change in protein levels,RNA levels,and cell cycle.Results The tumor volume was (42.76 ±4.40) mm3 in silence group,significantly smaller than that of the blank group (73.18±8.80) mm3 and the negative group(71.27 ±8.40) mm3(F=67.8,P<0.01).H2AX protein expression level in the silence group was also significantly lower (0.12 ±0.03 vs.1.12 ±0.11,1.16 ± 0.08,F =34.27,P < 0.01).Relative H2AX mRNA expression level in the silence group was (0.85 ± 0.31),significantly lower than that of the blank group (1.86 ± 0.26) and the negative group (1.82 ±0.24,F =39.45,P < 0.01).Co-immunoprecipitation assay showed that γ-H2AX and MDC1,53BP1 obvious interaction after irradiation,which would be weakened through silencing H2AX.The tumor volumes at different groups had significant difference after irradiation (F =13.56,P < 0.01).The apoptosis rate in the silence group was significantly higher than that of the blank group and the negative group [(24.15±2.25) % vs.(13.26±1.54) %,(12.78±1.47) % (F=54.33,P<0.01)].G2/M phase arrested in the silence with irradiation group lower than that of the radiation group (F =10.21,P < 0.01).Conclusions Silencing H2AX gene expression could inhibit the growth of esophageal cancer ECA109 cell xenograft and increase the radiosensitivity of tumor.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 237-238, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434871

ABSTRACT

Objective This paper studies on feasibility of low dose CT scanning in lung cancer patients simulated localisation.Methods 62 patients cases of lung cancer are selected.Scan parameter:scan twice by 20/100 mA,the other parameter remain unchanged as voltage of 120 kV,thickness of 5 mm,pitch of 1:1 and scan time of 1 s.After scan,picture quality was evaluated according to excellent,good,bad under different condition.Volume of target was determined by treatment planning system.Data such as dose index value of single helical scan,z-axis scan range,dose length product value and etc.are recorded in order to evaluate radiation dose of patients.Picture quality and the difference of radiation dose were statistically analyzed using Fisher's and pair t-test.Results Picture quality of low dose scanning was a little bit lower than that of normal dose,however,picture quality difference of difference dose scanning was statistically meaningless (number of patients according to excellent,good,bad were 46,13,3 and 50,11,1,P =0.541).There is no obvious difference of target volume under different dose scanning in the same (36.78 cm3,40.35 cm3,t =2.57,P =0.189).Radiation dose of low dose scanning group is far less than that of high dose scanning group and the difference is obvious (133.05 mGy,941.25 mGy,t =-41.24,P =0.000).Conclusions Low dose scanning of 20 mA current during CT simulated localisation tremendously reduces harm that may happen to patients during CT scan,while tumor target delineation and scanned picture quality is guaranteed.

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