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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 479-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984647

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the incidence of bloodstream infections, pathogen distribution, and antibiotic resistance profile in patients with hematological malignancies. Methods: From January 2018 to December 2021, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics, pathogen distribution, and antibiotic resistance profiles of patients with malignant hematological diseases and bloodstream infections in the Department of Hematology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University. Results: A total of 582 incidences of bloodstream infections occurred in 22,717 inpatients. From 2018 to 2021, the incidence rates of bloodstream infections were 2.79%, 2.99%, 2.79%, and 2.02%, respectively. Five hundred ninety-nine types of bacteria were recovered from blood cultures, with 487 (81.3%) gram-negative bacteria, such as Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Eighty-one (13.5%) were gram-positive bacteria, primarily Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Enterococcus faecium, whereas the remaining 31 (5.2%) were fungi. Enterobacteriaceae resistance to carbapenems, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone sodium/sulbactam, and tigecycline were 11.0%, 15.3%, 15.4%, and 3.3%, with a descending trend year on year. Non-fermenters tolerated piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone sodium/sulbactam, and quinolones at 29.6%, 13.3%, and 21.7%, respectively. However, only two gram-positive bacteria isolates were shown to be resistant to glycopeptide antibiotics. Conclusions: Bloodstream pathogens in hematological malignancies were broadly dispersed, most of which were gram-negative bacteria. Antibiotic resistance rates vary greatly between species. Our research serves as a valuable resource for the selection of empirical antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteremia/epidemiology , Cefoperazone , Sulbactam , Retrospective Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Hematologic Neoplasms , Sepsis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Piperacillin, Tazobactam Drug Combination , Escherichia coli
2.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 334-342, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985656

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish neonatal birthweight percentile curves based on single-center cohort database using different methods, compare them with the current national birthweight curves and discuss the appropriateness and significance of single-center birthweight standard. Methods: Based on a prospective first-trimester screening cohort at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2017 to February 2022, the generalized additive models for location, scale and shape (GAMLSS) and semi-customized method were applied to generate local birthweight percentile curves (hereinafter referred to as the local GAMLSS curves, semi-customized curves) for 3 894 cases who were at low risk of small for gestation age (SGA) and large for gestation age (LGA). Infants were categorized as SGA (birth weight<10th centile) by both semi-customized and local GAMLSS curves, semi-customized curves only, or not SGA (met neither criteria). The incidence of adverse perinatal outcome between different groups was compared. The same method was used to compare the semi-customized curves with the Chinese national birthweight curves (established by GAMLSS method as well, hereinafter referred to as the national GAMLSS curves). Results: (1) Among the 7 044 live births, 404 (5.74%, 404/7 044), 774 (10.99%, 774/7 044) and 868 (12.32%, 868/7 044) cases were diagnosed as SGA according to the national GAMLSS curves, the local GAMLSS curves and the semi-customized curves respectively. The birth weight of the 10th percentile of the semi-customized curves was higher than that of the local GAMLSS curves and the national GAMLSS curves at all gestational age. (2) When comparing semi-customized curves and the local GAMLSS curves, the incidence of admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for more than 24 hours of infants identified as SGA by semi-customized curves only (94 cases) and both semi-customized and local GAMLSS curves (774 cases) was 10.64% (10/94) and 5.68% (44/774) respectively, both significantly higher than that in non SGA group [6 176 cases, 1.34% (83/6 176); P<0.001]. The incidence of preeclampsia, pregnancy<34 weeks, and pregnancy<37 weeks of infants identified as SGA by the semi-customized curves only and both semi-customized and local GAMLSS curves was 12.77% (12/94) and 9.43% (73/774), 9.57% (9/94) and 2.71% (21/774), 24.47% (23/94) and 7.24% (56/774) respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the non SGA group [4.37% (270/6 176), 0.83% (51/6 176), 4.23% (261/6 176); all P<0.001]. (3) When comparing semi-customized curves and the national GAMLSS curves, the incidence of admission to NICU for more than 24 hours of infants identified as SGA by semi-customized curves only (464 cases) and both semi-customized and national GAMLSS curves (404 cases) was 5.60% (26/464) and 6.93% (28/404) respectively, both significantly higher than that in non SGA group [6 176 cases, 1.34% (83/6 176); all P<0.001]. The incidence of emergency cesarean section or forceps delivery for non-reassuring fetal status (NRFS) in infants identified as SGA by semi-customized curves only and both semi-customized and national GAMLSS curves was 4.96% (23/464) and 12.38% (50/404), both significantly higher than that in the non SGA group [2.57% (159/6 176); all P<0.001]. The incidence of preeclampsia, pregnancy<34 weeks, and pregnancy<37 weeks in the semi-customized curves only group and both semi-customized and national GAMLSS curves group was 8.84% (41/464) and 10.89% (44/404), 4.31% (20/464) and 2.48% (10/404), 10.56% (49/464) and 7.43% (30/404) respectively, all significantly higher than those in the non SGA group [4.37% (270/6 176), 0.83% (51/6 176), 4.23% (261/6 176); all P<0.001]. Conclusion: Compared with the national GAMLSS birthweight curves and the local GAMLSS curves, the birth weight curves established by semi-customized method based on our single center database is in line with our center' SGA screening, which is helpful to identify and strengthen the management of high-risk infants.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , Gestational Age , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Prospective Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 999-1005, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985625

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a risk-adapted colorectal cancer screening strategy constructed utilizing genetic and environmental risk score (ERS). Methods: A polygenic risk score (PRS) was constructed based on 20 previously published single nucleotide polymorphisms for colorectal cancer in East Asian populations, using 2 160 samples with MassARRAY test results from a multicenter randomized controlled trial of colorectal cancer screening in China. The ERS was calculated using the Asia-Pacific Colorectal Screening Score system. Logistic regression was used to analyze the association between PRS alone and PRS combined with ERS and colorectal neoplasms risk, respectively. We also designed a risk-adapted screening strategy based on PRS and ERS (high-risk participants undergo a single colonoscopy, low-risk participants undergo an annual fecal immunochemical test, and those with positive results undergo further diagnostic colonoscopy) and compared its effectiveness with the all-acceptance colonoscopy strategy. Results: The high PRS group had a 26% increased risk of colorectal neoplasms compared with the low PRS group (OR=1.26, 95%CI: 1.03-1.54, P=0.026). Participants with the highest PRS and ERS were 3.03 times more likely to develop advanced colorectal neoplasms than those with the lowest score (95%CI: 1.87-4.90, P<0.001). As the risk-adapted screening simulation reached the third round, the detection rate of the PRS combined with ERS strategy was not statistically different from the all-acceptance colonoscopy strategy (8.79% vs. 10.46%, P=0.075) and had a higher positive predictive value (14.11% vs. 10.46%, P<0.001) and lower number of colonoscopies per advanced neoplasms detected (7.1 vs. 9.6, P<0.001). Conclusion: The risk-adapted screening strategy combining PRS and ERS helps achieve population risk stratification and better effectiveness than the traditional colonoscopy-based screening strategy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Early Detection of Cancer , Risk Factors , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Asia , China/epidemiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 83-92, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969602

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate whether the effects of paeonol (Pae) on angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ)-induced senescence in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were related to angiotensinogen of silencing regulatory information factor 6 (SIRT6)/adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase 1 (PARP1) signaling pathway in VSMCs. MethodThe model of VSMC-stress aging induced by AngⅡ (100 nmol·L-1) was established. The rats were divided into normal group, model group, low, medium, and high-concentration Pae groups (30, 60, 120 μmol·L-1). The positive rate of cell senescence was detected by SA-β-Gal staining, the ability of cell proliferation was detected by the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method, the expression of SIRT6, PARP1, p16, p21, p53, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-damaged protein γ-H2AX was detected by Western blot, and VSMC proliferation was detected by EdU staining. The silenced VSMCs were prepared by siRNA-SIRT6 transfection, and the protein expressions of SIRT6, PARP1, p16, and γ-H2AX in VSMCs silenced by SIRT6 were observed. ResultThe results of SA-β-Gal staining showed that the senescence positive rate of SA-β-Gal staining in the model group was higher than that in the normal group (P<0.01), and the positive rate of SA-β-Gal staining in the Pae group was significantly lower than that in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of Western blot showed that as compared with the normal group, the expression of PCNA, SIRT6, and PARP1 in the model group was down-regulated, and the expression of aging-related proteins p16, p21, p53, and γ-H2AX was up-regulated in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, Pae promoted the protein expression of PCNA, SIRT6, and PARP1 and inhibited the protein expression of p16, p21, p53, and γ-H2AX in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of EdU staining showed that the number of EdU positive cells in the model group was lower than that in the normal group (P<0.01), and the number of EdU positive cells in Pae groups was significantly higher than that in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). After SIRT6 silencing, the effects of Pae on promoting SIRT6 and PARP1 and inhibiting P16 were reversed (P<0.05, P<0.01). In addition, the addition of SIRT6 inhibitor (IN-1) promoted the occurrence of cell senescence induced by AngⅡ (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionPae can effectively inhibit the aging of VSMCs, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of SIRT6/PARP1 signal pathway.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 736-740, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931688

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, Braden Scale score, and nutritional indicators in patients with pressure ulcer after spinal cord injury.Methods:Eighty spinal cord injury patients with pressure ulcer who received treatment in the First People's Hospital of Huzhou, China between January 2019 and February 2020 were included in the patient group. Among these patients, 22 had stage I pressure ulcer, 33 had stage II pressure ulcer, and 25 had stage III pressure ulcer. An additional 140 patients with spinal cord injury but without pressure ulcer who concurrently received treatment in the same hospital were included in the control group. SOFA score, Braden Scale score and nutritional indicators were compared between the two groups. The correlation between SOFA score, Braden scale score and nutritional indicators was analyzed.Results:There were no significant differences in gender, age, hypertension, diabetes, operation condition and American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale score between the two groups (all P > 0.05). There were significant differences in body mass index [(24.25 + 1.44) kg/m 2vs. (27.68 + 2.21) kg/m 2, t = 12.44, P < 0.05], use of vasoactive drugs (29.29% vs. 43.75%, χ 2 = 4.71, P < 0.05), length of hospital stay [(10.71 + 2.62) days vs. (16.39 + 3.05) days, t = 14.56, P < 0.05]. SOFA score in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(9.72 ± 1.18) points vs. (4.51 ± 0.30) points, t = 49.58, P < 0.001]. Braden scale score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(10.64 ± 1.05) points vs. (13.49 ± 2.28) points, t = 10.55, P < 0.001]. Serum level of hemoglobin, prealbumin, and albumin in the observation group was (81.03 ± 8.48) g/L, (145.29 ± 14.72) mg/L, (20.24 ± 2.05) g/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(107.25 ± 10.14) g/L, (170.86 ± 23.75) mg/L, (32.38 ± 4.07) g/L, t = 19.54, 8.71, 24.91, all P < 0.001]. Spearman correlation analysis showed that SOFA score was positively correlated with serum level of hemoglobin, prealbumin, and albumin ( r = 0.50, 0.64, 0.71, all P < 0.05). SOFA score was negatively correlated with Braden Scale score ( r = -0.51, -0.62, -0.75, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Pressure ulcer in spinal cord injury is caused by combined action of multiple factors. SOFA score, Braden scale score, and combined detection of hemoglobin, prealbumin, and albumin can be used to better evaluate pressure ulcer after spinal cord injury.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 1134-1140, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of pressure on the differentiation of rabbit retinal stem cells (RSCs) co-cultured with retinal ganglion cells (RGCs).Methods:SPF grade New Zealand rabbits on the day 22 of gestation were selected, and embryos were removed to obtain retinal ciliary margin pigment epithelial tissue and culture primary RSCs.Six SPF grade newborn New Zealand rabbits were selected, and retinal neuroepithelial layer tissues were isolated to culture primary RGCs.Rabbit RSCs cultured in vitro were identified by immunofluorescence staining of nestin antibody, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) cell proliferation assay kit, RSCs spontaneously differentiated cells immunofluorescence detection and flow cytometry.RGCs were identified through immunofluorescence staining of Brn3b antibody and Thy1.1 antibody.A co-culture system of RGCs and RSCs cultured in the upper and lower layers of a transwelll plate respectively was constructed.The mRNA and protein expression levels of nestin and Thy1.1 in RSCs and differentiated cells under pressures of 0, 20, 40, 60, 80 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot.The feeding and use of laboratory animals were in accordance with the Regulations on the Administration of Laboratory Animals promulgated by the State Science and Technology Commission.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Yunnan University Affiliated Hospital (No.KPRC-IACUC17008). Results:RSCs cultured in vitro were nestin-positive.The percentage of BrdU-positive isolated RSCs was (92.26±3.28)%.Some cells differentiated from RSCs were Brn3b-positive, accounting for (13.00±3.06)%, and some were GS-positive, accounting for (31.60±3.67)%.RGCs cultured in vitro were Brn3b- and Thy1.1-positive.There were statistically significant differences in the relative mRNA and protein expressions of nestin and Thy1.1 between RSCs and differentiated cells under different pressures (mRNA: F=127.600, 137.400; both at P<0.01; protein: F=82.480, 158.700; both at P<0.001). The relative mRNA and protein expressions of nestin were significantly reduced in RSCs, and relative mRNA and protein expressions of Thy1.1 were significantly increased in differentiated cells at 20, 40, 60 and 80 mmHg in comparison with 0 mmHg (all at P<0.05). When the pressure was 40 mmHg, the relative mRNA and protein expressions of nestin were lowest in RSCs, and the relative mRNA and protein expressions of Thy1.1 in differentiated cells were highest. Conclusions:Within a certain range, pressure can promote the differentiation of RSCs co-cultured with RGCs into ganglion-like cells, and excessive pressure can inhibit the differentiation of RSCs.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1698-1702, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To opt imize the extraction technology of phenolic acid from Amomum tsaoko . METHODS :The extraction technology of phenolic acid from A. tsaoko was optimized by using Box-Behnken design-response surface methodology with ethanol volume fraction ,liquid-solid ratio and extraction time as factors ,using the total contents of protocatechuic acid and vanillic acid as response value. The optimizd extraction technology was vlidated. RESULTS :The optimal extraction technology was as follows :ethanol volume fraction 65%,liquid-solid ratio 4∶1(mL/g),extraction time 2.5 h. After 3 times of validation tests , average total content of protocatechuic acid and vanillic acid were 12.32 mg/g(RSD=0.26 %,n=3),average relative error of which with predicted value (12.63 mg/g)was 2.45%. CONCLUSIONS :The optimal technology is stable and feasible .

8.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 364-375, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881077

ABSTRACT

Huang-Qin Decoction (HQD) is a classic prescription for diarrhea in Chinese medicine treatment. Recent studies have demonstrated that HQD and its modified formulation PHY906 could ameliorate irinotecan (CPT-11) induced gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity and enhance its anticancer therapeutic efficacy. Nevertheless, which constituents in HQD are effective is still unclear so far. The study aims to screen out the key bioactive components combination from HQD that could enhance the anticancer effect of CPT-11. First, the potential bioactive constituents were obtained through system pharmacology strategy. Then the bioactivity of each constituent was investigated synthetically from the aspects of NCM460 cell migration, TNF-α release of THP-1-derived macrophage and MTT assay in HCT116 cell. The contribution of each constituent in HQD was evaluated using the bioactive index E

9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 125-130, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880489

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the antibacterial activity of patchouli alcohol (PA) against 127 bacteria strains, including the common bacteria and drug-resistant bacteria strains both in the in vitro and in vivo tests.@*METHODS@#For the in vitro trial, the antibacterial property of PA against 107 Gram-positive and 20 Gram-negative bacteria strains was screened by agar double dilution method. For the in vivo trial, specific pathogen free Kunming strain of both male and female white mice, were used to test the protective ability of PA after being injected with the median lethal dose of the tested strains.@*RESULTS@#PA possessed antibacterial activity against all the tested 127 strains. In the in vitro test, PA could inhibit both Gram-negative bacteria (25-768μg/mL) and Gram-positive bacteria (1.5-200μg/mL). Particularly, PA was active against some drug-resistant bacteria like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). PA also exhibited in vivo anti-MRSA activity in mice via intraperitoneal injection. PA could protect mice entirely infected with MRSA at 100 and 200 mg/kg, while 80% mice injected with MRSA could be protected at a low dose of 50μg/mL.@*CONCLUSION@#PA might be a potential antibacterial drug from natural sources and might be worthy to explore its mechanism and application in further study.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 840-846, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880156

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with medium and high risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#97 MDS patients above the age of 60 treated in Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University from February 2011 to August 2020 were enrolled. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of the MDS patients with medium risk, high risk or very high risk based on IPSS-R category were retrospectively analyzed. According to the difference of treatment regimes, the patients were divided into the transplantation group, chemotherapy group and other treatment group, and the efficacy among the patients in the 3 groups were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#MDS with excess blast (MDS-EB) in the elderly patients with medium and high risk MDS were the most common, 47.4% of the patients with abnormal chromosome karyotypes, and 23.7% with complex karyotypes (≥3). 97.3% of the patients showed at least one gene mutation, and TP53 mutations were detected in nearly 20% of the patients with medium and high risk. Multivariate analysis showed that IPSS-R category and treatment regimes were the factors affecting the prognosis of elderly patients with medium and high risk MDS. The median overall survival (OS) time of the patients in the 3 groups showed significant difference (P=0.012), and the median OS of the patients in the transplantation group was significantly longer than that in the chemotherapy group and other group (P=0.003,P=0.014,respectively), while there was no significant difference in median OS between chemotherapy group and other treatment group (P=0.685).@*CONCLUSION@#Elderly MDS patients with medium and high risk can benefit from allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which will prolong their OS.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1335-1344, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are the most widely used non-invasive tests in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. However, evidence about the direct comparison of the test performance of the self-administered qualitative a laboratory-based quantitative FITs in a CRC screening setting is sparse.@*METHODS@#Based on a CRC screening trial (TARGET-C), we included 3144 pre-colonoscopy fecal samples, including 24 CRCs, 230 advanced adenomas, 622 non-advanced adenomas, and 2268 participants without significant findings at colonoscopy. Three self-administered qualitative FITs (Pupu tube) with positivity thresholds of 8.0, 14.4, or 20.8 μg hemoglobin (Hb)/g preset by the manufacturer and one laboratory-based quantitative FIT (OC-Sensor) with a positivity threshold of 20 μg Hb/g recommended by the manufacturer were tested by trained staff in the central laboratory. The diagnostic performance of the FITs for detecting colorectal neoplasms was compared in the different scenarios using the preset and adjusted thresholds (for the quantitative FIT).@*RESULTS@#At the thresholds preset by the manufacturers, apart from the qualitative FIT-3, significantly higher sensitivities for detecting advanced adenoma were observed for the qualitative FIT-1 (33.9% [95% CI: 28.7-39.4%]) and qualitative FIT-2 (22.2% [95% CI: 17.7-27.2%]) compared to the quantitative FIT (11.7% [95% CI: 8.4-15.8%]), while at a cost of significantly lower specificities. However, such difference was not observed for detecting CRC. For scenarios of adjusting the positivity thresholds of the quantitative FIT to yield comparable specificity or comparable positivity rate to the three qualitative FITs accordingly, there were no significant differences in terms of sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative predictive values and positive/negative likelihood ratios for detecting CRC or advanced adenoma between the two types of FITs, which was further evidenced in ROC analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the self-administered qualitative and the laboratory-based quantitative FITs had varied test performance at the positivity thresholds preset by the manufacturer, such heterogeneity could be overcome by adjusting thresholds to yield comparable specificities or positivity rates. Future CRC screening programs should select appropriate types of FITs and define the thresholds based on the targeted specificities and manageable positivity rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer , Feces , Hemoglobins/analysis , Laboratories , Occult Blood , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1941-1951, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Globally, colorectal cancer (CRC) imposes a substantial burden on healthcare systems and confers considerable medical expenditures. We aimed to evaluate the global and regional burden in epidemiological trends and factors associated with the incidence and mortality of CRC.@*METHODS@#We used data from the GLOBOCAN database to estimate CRC incidence and mortality worldwide in 2020 and their association with the human development index (HDI). Trends of age-standardized rates of incidence and mortality in 60 countries (2000-2019) were evaluated by Joinpoint regression analysis using data of Global Burden of Disease 2019. The association between exposure to country-level lifestyle, metabolic and socioeconomic factors obtained from the World Health Organization Global Health Observatory and World Bank DataBank data and CRC incidence and mortality was determined by multivariable linear regression.@*RESULTS@#CRC incidence and mortality varied greatly in the 60 selected countries, and much higher incidence and mortality were observed in countries with higher HDIs, and vice versa. From 2000 to 2019, significant increases of incidence and mortality were observed for 33 countries (average annual percent changes [AAPCs], 0.24-3.82) and 18 countries (AAPCs, 0.41-2.22), respectively. A stronger increase in incidence was observed among males (AAPCs, 0.36-4.54) and individuals <50 years (AAPCs, 0.56-3.86). Notably, 15 countries showed significant decreases in both incidence (AAPCs, -0.24 to -2.19) and mortality (AAPCs, -0.84 to -2.74). A significant increase of incidence among individuals <50 years was observed in 30 countries (AAPCs, 0.28-3.62). Countries with higher incidence were more likely to have a higher prevalence of alcohol drinking, higher level of cholesterol level, higher level of unemployment, and a poorer healthcare system.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Some high-HDI countries showed decreasing trends in CRC incidence and mortality, whereas developing countries that previously had low disease burden showed significantly increased incidence and mortality trends, especially in males and populations ≥50 years, which require targeted preventive health programs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Global Health , Incidence , Risk Factors , World Health Organization
13.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 607-613, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922256

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) and lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer patients complicated with chronic schistosomiasis. Tissue specimens were collected from 363 patients who were diagnosed as colorectal cancer by clinical and pathological examination in Wuhu Second People's Hospital from June 2015 to June 2020. Fifty-six patients were colorectal cancer complicated with schistosomiasis (CRC-S) and 307 patients were colorectal cancer not complicated with schistosomiasis (CRC-NS). The clinical and pathological data of the patients were analyzed to explore the relationship between chronic schistosomiasis and colorectal cancer. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to detect the distribution and expression of SIK2 in colorectal cancer specimens. The relationship between SIK2 and lymph node metastasis of CRC-S was analyzed. The rate of lymph node metastasis in CRC-S group was significantly higher than that in CRC-NS group (62.5% vs. 47.2%, <0.05). In CRC-S patients with lymph node metastasis, schistosome eggs were distributed mainly in tumor tissues (25/35, 71.4%), while in patients with CRC-S without lymph node metastasis, schistosome eggs were distributed mainly in paracancerous tissues (17/21, 81.0%) (14.243, <0.01). The SIK2 was mainly located in cytosol, and its expression in tumor tissues was higher than that in paracancerous tissues. Compared with CRC-NS patients, the expression of SIK2 in CRC-S patients was significantly increased; the expression of SIK2 in patients with lymph node metastasis was higher than that in patients without lymph node metastasis; and the expression of SIK2 in patients with schistosome eggs in cancer tissues was higher than that in patients with schistosome eggs in paracancerous tissues (all <0.01). Lymph node metastasis is more likely to be occurred in colorectal cancer patients with schistosomiasis, especially in those with schistosome eggs in tumor tissues. The expression of SIK2 may be correlated with chronic schistosomiasis, egg distribution and lymphatic metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms/complications , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Schistosomiasis/complications
14.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 736-737, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909582

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Atherosclerosis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the accumulation of lipids, vascular fibrosis, and inflammation. Paeonol (Pae) is a natural phenolic compounds isolated from a traditional Chinese medicine, Cortex Moutan, which exhibits anti-AS effects. Our previous work demonstrated that gut microbiota plays an important role during AS treatment as it affects the efficacy of Pae. However, the mechanism of Pae in protect?ing against vascular fibrosis as related to gut microbiota has yet to be elucidated. To investigate the anti-fibrosis effect of Pae on AS mice and demonstrate the underlying gut microbiota-dependent mechanism. METHODS ApoE-/- mice were fed with high-fat-diet (HFD) to replicate the AS model. HE and Masson staining were used to observe the plaque forma?tion and collagen deposition. Gut microbiota alteration and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production were analyzed through 16S rRNA sequencing and LC-MS/MS. The frequency of immune cells in spleen were phenotyped by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression of aortic inflammatory cytokines were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein expression of LOX and fibrosis related indicators were examined by Western blotting. RESULTS Pae restricted the development of AS and collagen deposition. Notably, the anti-fibrosis effect of Pae was achieved by regulating the gut microbiota. 16S rRNA sequencing and LC-MS/MS data indicated that the relative abundance of SCFAs-producing bacteria and SCFAs production was increased. Additionally, Pae administration selectively up-regulated the frequency of regulatory T (Treg) cells as well as down-regulated the ratio of T helper type 17 (Th17) cells in the spleen of AS mice, improving the Treg/Th17 balance. In addition, as expected, Pae intervention significantly down-regulate the mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-αand IL-17 in the aorta tissue, up-regulate the levels of anti-inflammatory factor IL-10, a marker of Treg cells. Finally, Pae's intervention in the gut microbiota resulted in the restoration of the balance of Treg/Th17, which indirectly down-regulated the protein expression level of LOX and fibrosis-related indicators (MMP-2/9 and collagenⅠ/Ⅲ). CONCLUSION Pae attenuates vascular fibrosis in a gut microbiota-dependent manner. The under?lying protective mechanism is associated with the improved Treg/Th17 balance in spleen mediated through the increased microbiota-derived SCFAs production.

15.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 952-955, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908707

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of Doppler ultrasonography in the determination of uterine artery data in early pregnancy for predicting gestational hypertension.Methods:Seventy patients with gestational hypertension treated in Jiashan First People′s Hospital from March 2018 to January 2020 were selected as the case group, and 70 healthy pregnant women who received routine prenatal examinations during the same period were selected as the control group. The differences of uterine artery data and pregnancy outcomes between the two groups at 11-13 +6 weeks of pregnancy were compared, and the value of each indicator in predicting gestational hypertension were analyzedby receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The uterine artery resistance index (RI), pulsatility index (PI), number of bilateral notches in the case group were higher than those in the control group: 0.54 ± 0.12 vs. 0.43 ± 0.08, 0.97 ± 0.36 vs. 0.69 ± 0.31, 12.86%(9/70) vs. 1.43%(1/70), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The neonatal weight in the case group was lower than that in the control group: (2 912.38 ± 528.07) g vs. (3 487.39 ± 416.73) g; the intrauterine growth retardation rate, asphyxia rate and preterm birth rate in the case group were higher than those in the control group: 11.43%(8/70) vs. 1.43%(1/70), 8.57%(6/70) vs. 0, 15.71%(11/70) vs. 4.29%(3/70), the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The analysis of ROC curve showed that the area under the curve(AUC) of PI in predicting gestational hypertension was the highest, and when AUC was 0.798, the sensitivity and specificity of PI in predicting gestational hypertension were 81.00% and 86.00% respectively. Conclusions:The uterine artery blood flow in pregnant women with gestational hypertension has been abnormal in early pregnancy (11-13 +6 weeks). The parameters of Doppler ultrasonography is used to predict gestational hypertension, and PI showes better predictive efficacy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 23-29, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906512

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus medicine on the proliferation and autophagy levels of aortic plaque vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice with atherosclerosis (AS). Method:A total of 40 ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice were fed with high-fat diet to replicate AS animal models. They were randomly divided into model group, Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus group, rapamycin group and atorvastatin group, and 10 mice with normal diet C57BL/6J mice were the blank group. The blank group and the model groups were given normal saline by gavage, while Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus group, rapamycin group and atorvastatin group were given corresponding drugs by gavage for 8 weeks. After the experiment, the mice were sacrificed. Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were detected by the Microplate reader, the ratio of the aortic plaque area to the total area was observed and measured by staining with aortic gross oil red O. Western blot method was used to detect the proliferation-related protein proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and <italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle actin (<italic>α</italic>-SMA) levels of VSMCs in the aortic media. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the autophagosomes of VSMCs and detect the expressions of VSMCs autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1, light chain proteinⅡ (LC3Ⅱ) and p62. Result:Compared with the model group, the Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus group showed significant reduction in the aortic lipid accumulation and plaque area of AS mice and the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increase of HDL-C (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus significantly reduced the levels of proliferation-related antigens PCNA and <italic>α</italic>-SMA in aortic VSMCs (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and inhibited the excessive proliferation of VSMCs. Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus significantly up-regulated Beclin-1 and LC3Ⅱ in aortic VSMCs protein expression, decreased p62 accumulation (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased the expressions of VSMCs autophagosomes, and increased the autophagy level of VSMCs. Conclusion:Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus regulates blood lipid levels in AS mice, and inhibits the excessive proliferation of aortic VSMCs and plaque formation in the aorta of AS mice. The mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of the autophagy activity of VSMCs.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5320-5329, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921679

ABSTRACT

In this study, ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS)-based liver metabolomics approach was used to explore the mechanism of "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" in improving atherosclerosis(AS) of mice with apolipoprotein E gene knockout(ApoE~(-/-)). AS mouse model was induced by high-fat diet. The pathological and biochemical indexes such as the histopathological changes, body weight, liver weight, blood lipid level and inflammatory factors in the liver of mice were determined. The metabolic profiling of mice liver samples was performed with UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. Multiple statistical analysis methods including partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to screen and identify biomarkers. The levels of related enzymes including LCAT, sPLA2, EPT1 and ACER1 were detected. The results showed that "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" significantly reduced the areas of aortic plaque and fat vacuoles of liver in AS mice and decreased the accumulation of lipid droplets and liver coefficient. "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" also regulated the levels of blood lipid and inflammatory injury in the liver. The metabolites of the control group, the model group and the "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" group could be distinguished significantly. Fifteen potential biomarkers related to AS were discovered and preliminarily identified, seven of which could be regulated by "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" in a trend of returning to normal. Metabolic pathway analysis screened out two major metabolic pathways. "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" obviously regulated the levels of LCAT, sPLA2, EPT1 and ACER1. It was inferred that "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" could play a major role in AS treatment by regulating glycerophospholipid and sphingolipid metabolism disorders in the liver, with the mechanism probably relating to the intervention of the expression of LCAT, sPLA2, EPT1 and ACER1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liver , Metabolomics
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2976-2984, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921232

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Prospective analyses have yet to identify a consistent relationship between sleep duration and the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) cancers. The effect of changes in sleep duration on GI cancer incidence has scarcely been studied. Therefore, we aimed to examine the association between baseline sleep duration and annual changes in sleep duration and GI cancer risk in a large population-based cohort study.@*METHODS@#A total of 123,495 participants with baseline information and 83,511 participants with annual changes in sleep duration information were prospectively observed from 2006 to 2015 for cancer incidence. Cox proportional-hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and their confidence intervals (CIs) for GI cancers according to sleep duration and annual changes in sleep duration.@*RESULTS@#In baseline sleep duration analyses, short sleep duration (≤5 h) was significantly associated with a lower risk of GI cancer in females (HR: 0.31, 95% CI: 0.10-0.90), and a linear relationship between baseline sleep duration and GI cancer was observed (P = 0.010), especially in males and in the >50-year-old group. In the annual changes in sleep duration analyses, with stable category (0 to -15 min/year) as the control group, decreased sleep duration (≤-15 min/year) was significantly associated with the development of GI cancer (HR: 1.29; 95% CI: 1.04-1.61), especially in the >50-year-old group (HR: 1.32; 95% CI: 1.01-1.71), and increased sleep duration (>0 min/year) was significantly associated with GI cancer in females (HR: 2.89; 95% CI: 1.14-7.30).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both sleep duration and annual changes in sleep duration were associated with the incidence of GI cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cohort Studies , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/etiology , Incidence , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sleep
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 42-51, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921144

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Female breast cancer (FBC) has become the most prevalent malignancy worldwide. We aimed to evaluate the global and regional burden in epidemiological trends and factors associated with the incidence and mortality of FBC.@*METHODS@#FBC incidence and mortality in 60 selected countries by cancer registry data integrity in 2020 were estimated from the GLOBOCAN database, and their association with the human development index (HDI) was further evaluated. Trends of age-standardized rates of incidence and mortality in 60 countries from 2000 through 2019 were evaluated by joinpoint regression analysis using data of Global Burden of Disease 2019. The association between potential behavioral, metabolic, and socioeconomic risk factor exposure at the nation level retrieved from the World Bank and Global Health Observatory and the incidence and mortality of FBC were evaluated by multivariate linear regression.@*RESULTS@#FBC incidence and mortality varied greatly in the 60 included countries. Higher incidence and mortality rates were typically observed in countries with higher HDIs and vice versa. During 2000 to 2019, significantly increasing trends in incidence and mortality were observed in 26 (average annual percent changes [AAPCs], 0.35-2.96) and nine countries (AAPC, 0.30-1.65), respectively, while significantly decreasing trends in both incidence and mortality were observed in 22 countries, most of which were high-HDI countries. Among the population aged ≥40 years, there were 26 and 11 countries showing significantly increased trends in incidence and mortality, respectively. Ecological analysis showed that countries with higher prevalence rates of high cholesterol and higher health expenditures were more likely to have higher FBC incidence, and countries with higher rates of obesity and poorer universal health coverage were more likely to have higher FBC mortality.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Despite decreased or stabilized FBC incidence and mortality rates were observed in some countries with high HDI over the past decades, disease burden became even severer in developing countries, especially for the population aged ≥40 years. Effective targeted preventive programs are strongly encouraged to reduce the FBC disease burden worldwide.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Global Health , Incidence , Registries , Risk Factors
20.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 16-27, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920740

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the real prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis infections in the freshwater fish in mainland China, so as to provide insights into clonorchiasis control and detection of freshwater fish. Methods All literatures reporting the prevalence of C. sinensis infections in the freshwater fish, the second intermediate host of the parasite, were jointly retrieved in Chinese and English electronic databases from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2020, including Wanfang Data, CNKI, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library. All studies were screened based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the quality of all enrolled literatures was evaluated. The pooled prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated using the software Stata version 15.0, and subgroup analyses were performed to investigate the region-, season- and sample source-specific pooled prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish. In addition, the sensitivity and publication bias of all included studies were analyzed. Results A total of 40 eligible literatures were included in this study, including 37 Chinese literatures and 3 English literatures, and there were 10 high-quality literatures, 27 moderate-quality literatures and 3 low-quality literatures. A total of 53 species containing 37 959 freshwater fish were reported in these 40 studies, and 73.58% (39/53) of freshwater fish species were identified with C. sinensis infections. Meta-analysis showed 23.5% [95% CI: (0.19, 0.28)] pooled prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish in mainland China, and subgroup analyses higher prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish in northeastern China [35.7%, 95% CI: (0.22, 0.50)] than in central [25.9%, 95% CI: (0.04, 0.48)] and southern China [20.6%, 95% CI: (0.09, 0.32)], higher prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish sampled in spring [44.1%, 95% CI: (0.35, 0.53)] than in autumn [6.7%, 95% CI: (0.05, 0.08)] and summer [3.3%, 95% CI: (−0.01, 0.07)], and higher prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish sampled from natural water [25.2%, 95% CI: (0.17, 0.33)] than from retail trades [22.2%, 95% CI: (0.17, 0.28)] and breeding chain [12.3%, 95% CI: (0.03, 0.22)]. However, all included studies had a publication bias with a low sensitivity. Conclusions The prevalence of C. sinensis infections is high in freshwater fish in mainland China, and there are still challenges for clonorchiasis control. Reinforcement of health education, diagnostics development and food safety supervision is recommended in future clonorchiasis control programs.

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