Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 104
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1063-1068, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991472

ABSTRACT

The standardized residency training is an important stage in the training of physicians. Shanghai East Hospital has explored the system of the whole-process tutor management in the residency training. To explore the specific methods of carrying out the whole-process tutor training for residents in the whole hospital, gradually the whole-process tutor system is built with qualification certification, mutual selection of teachers and students, tutor empowerment, plan implementation and assessment and evaluation. Meanwhile, a supporting informatization platform is being developed to provide necessary tool support for the implementation and promotion of the whole-process tutor of residency training. And information tools are used to carry out implementation management, process optimization and quality monitoring, so as to form a closed management loop.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 871-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the research on the application of online health community-based user personain the field of cancer at home and abroad, so as to provide reference for the related research and application in this field in the future.Methods:Computer search of CNKI, China biomedical literature database, VIP, Wanfang, Web of Science, Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, a total of 10 Chinese and English databases, focused on the relevant research on building user personas based on online health communities in the field of cancer, and the search time limit was from the establishment of the database to April 20, 2022. Literature was screened, data extracted and summarized.Results:Totally 11 literatures were included. The construction process of user persona based on online health community included data collection, tag extraction and persona presentation. The functional diversity and implementation feasibility were showed in the application content in the field of cancer. It can quickly identify the differences in health information needs of cancer patients, provide personalized decision support and nursing services, strengthen health information education, and improve patients′ self-management ability.Conclusions:The integration of user persona and cancer field based on online health community was in the initial exploration stage, and the feasibility and effectiveness of promoting patients′ health behavior were confirmed by existing studies. In the future, it is still necessary to be promoted in the empirical research on its application in clinical practice, so as to lay a foundation for providing targeted patient health management programs in the future.

3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 239-244, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969978

ABSTRACT

Electroacupuncture may play a role in treatment of learning and memory impairment after ischemic stroke by regulating phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase A (PKA)/cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) signaling pathway, nerve growth factor (NGF)/tyrosine kinase-A (TrkA) signaling pathway, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway, Notch signaling pathway, erythropoietin-producing hepatocyte (Eph)/ephrin signaling pathway. The interactions among these pathways should be further explored in treatment of learning and memory impairment after ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electroacupuncture , Ischemic Stroke , Learning , Signal Transduction/physiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1018-1025, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985476

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the short-term effect of individual atmospheric PM2.5 exposure on the diversity, enterotype, and community structure of gut microbiome in healthy elderly people in Jinan, Shandong province. Methods: The present panel study recruited 76 healthy elderly people aged 60-69 years old in Dianliu Street, Lixia District, Jinan, Shandong Province, and followed them up five times from September 2018 to January 2019. The relevant information was collected by questionnaire, physical examination, precise monitoring of individual PM2.5 exposure, fecal sample collection and gut microbiome 16S rDNA sequencing. The Dirichlet multinomial mixtures (DMM) model was used to analyze the enterotype. Linear mixed effect model and generalized linear mixed effect model were used to analyze the effect of PM2.5 exposure on gut microbiome α diversity indices (Shannon, Simpson, Chao1, and ACE indices), enterotype and abundance of core species. Results: Each of the 76 subjects participated in at least two follow-up visits, resulting in a total of 352 person-visits. The age of 76 subjects was (65.0±2.8) years old with BMI (25.0±2.4) kg/m2. There were 38 males accounting for 50% of the subjects. People with an educational level of primary school or below accounted for 10.5% of the 76 subjects, and those with secondary school and junior college or above accounting for 71.1% and 18.4%. The individual PM2.5 exposure concentration of 76 subjects during the study period was (58.7±53.7) μg/m3. DMM model showed that the subjects could be divided into four enterotypes, which were mainly driven by Bacteroides, Faecalibacterium, Lachnospiraceae, Prevotellaceae, and Ruminococcaceae. Linear mixed effects model showed that different lag periods of PM2.5 exposure were significantly associated with a lower gut α diversity index (FDR<0.05 after correction). Further analysis showed that PM2.5 exposure was significantly associated with changes in the abundances of Firmicutes (Megamonas, Blautia, Streptococcus, etc.) and Bacteroidetes (Alistipes) (FDR<0.05 after correction). Conclusion: Short-term PM2.5 exposure is significantly associated with a decrease in gut microbiome diversity and changes in the abundance of several species of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes in the elderly. It is necessary to further explore the underlying mechanisms between PM2.5 exposure and the gut microbiome, so as to provide a scientific basis for promoting the intestinal health of the elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Female , Feces/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Particulate Matter , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics
5.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 311-319, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926892

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To classify the characteristics of circadian type among clinical nurses and examine their relationships with presenteeism and work-related flow. @*Methods@#Using a cross-sectional design, 568 nurses were recruited through convenience sampling in January 2021 from three hospitals in Shandong Province, China. The data were collected using self-report measures, including the 11-item Circadian Type Inventory, Stanford Presenteeism Scale-6, and Work-Related Flow Inventory. Latent class analysis was performed to identify any clustering of circadian types. One-way analysis was performed to compare the differences between presenteeism and work-related flow in different circadian types. @*Results@#Four latent classes were identified, including high response class (14.4%), high flexible class (20.1%), high languid class (51.1%), and low response class (14.4%). Regarding presenteeism, the high languid class had higher scores than others. Regarding work-related flow, the scores of high flexible class were higher than those of high languid class, while the differences in all three dimensions were statistically significant. @*Conclusion@#Although the shift work mode is not expected to change, nursing managers could use circadian type as a predictive index to select and employ individuals for shift work to enhance work performance and provide sufficient support to staff who are intolerant to shift work.

6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 845-850, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the bidirectional regulation of acupuncture based on a subgroup analysis of multicenter randomized controlled trial of acupuncture with @*METHODS@#A total of 519 patients were included in the analysis, including 137 patients with constipation type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) (92 cases in the acupuncture group and 45 cases in the polyethylene glycol [PEG] group), and 382 patients with diarrhea type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) (252 cases in the acupuncture group and 130 cases in the pinaverium group). The patients in the acupuncture group were given acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Tianshu (ST 25), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Taichong (LR 3) once every other day, 3 times a week. The patients in the PEG group received polyethylene glycol 4000 powder orally, and the pinaverium group received pinaverium bromide tablets orally. All were treated for 6 weeks. The IBS symptom severity score (IBS-SSS) was assessed at baseline, treatment period (2, 4, 6 weeks of treatment) and 12 weeks of follow-up, and the IBS quality of life (IBS-QOL) score was evaluated at the baseline period, 6 weeks of treatment and 12 weeks of follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The total IBS-SSS scores of the two groups of IBS-C patients at 2, 4, 6 weeks of treatment and follow-up of 12 weeks were lower than those in the baseline period (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture with


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5593-5599, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921742

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the quality and safety problems have been limiting the internationalization of Chinese medicine. The pollutants in Chinese medicine, particularly the exogenous harmful pollutants mainly including mycotoxins, pesticide residues, heavy metals, harmful elements, and sulfur dioxide, are of high risks for people. Therefore, the World Health Organization(WHO) and relevant national organizations have clearly defined the maximum residue limits(MRLs) of such pollutants. Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition, volume Ⅳ) also demonstrates the detection methods, MRLs and preliminary risk assessment methods for four typical exogenous harmful pollutants in Chinese medicine. Therefore, continuous optimization of the health risk assessment system can further help further raise the quality and safety of Chinese medicine. This paper reviews the research on the health risk assessment of four typical exogenous harmful pollutants in Chinese medicine and discusses the problems of and challenges for the assessment system, which is expected to lay a scientific basis for the establishment of the risk warning mode and response measures suitable for specific types of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Environmental Pollutants/analysis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pesticide Residues/analysis , Risk Assessment
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 365-370, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) between acupuncture for regulating @*METHODS@#A total of 231 patients with IBS-D were randomized into an acupuncture group (154 cases) and a western medication group (77 cases) at the ratio of 2 to 1. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to acupoint regimen for regulating @*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, the total scores of IBS-SSS in the patients of the two groups were all reduced as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture for regulating


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea/therapy , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Spleen , Treatment Outcome
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1067-1071, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942298

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the abnormal manifestations and clinical features of patients with gout according to the location of crystal deposits: in articulars or in tendons.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 patients with gout who were continuously treated in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of Peking University People's Hospital from June 2019 to December 2019 were selected and their knees, ankles, toes and painful joints and tendons were examined by high-frequency ultrasound. Then we grouped them according to the presence or absence of sodium urate crystals and the location of the crystals, collected their clinical data, and analyzed the clinical characteristics.@*RESULTS@#Among the 105 patients, 25 patients had no crystal deposits in the joints or tendons (as the non-crystal group), 43 patients had intra-articular crystals (as the joint group), and 37 patients had intra-tendon crystals with or without intra-articular crystals (as the tendon group). Among them, the most involved part of sodium urate crystals deposited in the joints was the metatarsophalangeal joint (29 cases, 67.4%), followed by knee joints (10 cases, 23.2%), ankle joints (9 cases, 20.9%). The most involved part of sodium urate crystals deposited in the tendon was the quadriceps tendon (16 cases, 43.2%), followed by the Achilles tendon (13 cases, 35.1%), the patellar tendon (12 cases, 32.4%), and the three heads of brachii tendons (5 cases, 13.5%). The three groups were compared using multi-sample analysis of variance/multi-sample rank sum test. Age, age of first increase in uric acid (UA), serum glucose (Glu) level and C reactive protein (CRP) were all significantly different. After multiple comparisons, compared with the non-crystal group, age, the age of first increase in uric acid, and CRP were significantly higher in the tendon group. There was no significant difference between the non-crystal group and the joint group. There was no significant difference between the tendon group and the joint group.@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with gout, it is common for ultrasound to find crystals deposited in joints or tendons. The most commonly affected parts include the metatarsophalangeal joint, knee joint, ankle joint, quadriceps tendon, Achilles tendon, patellar tendon, and triceps tendon. There were significant differences among the three groups in age, age of first increase in uric acid, CRP and blood glucose, and the proportion of urinary calculi in patients with crystal deposits was significantly higher than those without crystal deposits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Achilles Tendon , Gout , Knee Joint , Metatarsophalangeal Joint/diagnostic imaging , Uric Acid
10.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 111-115, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824959

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of deep electroacupuncture (EA) at Baliao points in treating stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Methods: A total of 60 female patients with SUI were divided into two groups according to the order of consultation, with 30 cases in each group. The control group was treated with pelvic floor muscle training. The treatment group was treated with deep EA at Baliao points [Shangliao (BL 31), Ciliao (BL 32), Zhongliao (BL 33) and Xialiao (BL 34)]. Results: The total effective rate was 93.3% in the treatment group, versus 33.3% in the control group, and the total effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of international consultation on incontinence questionnaire-short form (ICIQ-SF) and the volume of urinary leakage in both groups were lower than those before treatment (all P<0.05), and the ICIQ-SF score and the volume of urinary leakage in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Deep EA at Baliao points with long needles can improve the clinical symptoms in female patients with SUI, and it has a better curative effect than pelvic floor muscle training.

11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 523-531, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827034

ABSTRACT

The imbalance of protein metabolism is the major cause of skeletal muscle atrophy, and the decrease of protein synthesis directly leads to the occurrence and development of age-related sarcopenia. The canonical role of leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LeuRS) is ligating leucine to the cognate tRNA, and thus it plays a central role in genetic coding. With the further studies of LeuRS in recent years, LeuRS has been found to control protein homeostasis in aging skeletal muscle via its non-canonical role. In this paper, we reviewed the structure and biological features of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase and LeuRS, and summarized the recent advances in studies on the effects of LeuRS in regulating aging skeletal muscle protein synthesis as an intracellular leucine sensor. Moreover, we also analyzed the potential role of LeuRS in activation of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling transduction pathway in response to anabolic stimuli such as exercise and amino acids ingestion. This paper may provide some new ideas for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of age-related sarcopenia.


Subject(s)
Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases , Genetics , Leucine-tRNA Ligase , Genetics , Muscle, Skeletal , Protein Biosynthesis
12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1506-1511, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800017

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the incidence and mortality risk factors of pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (PR-AKI) in intensive care unit (ICU).@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted. Critically ill pregnancies admitted to ICU of Shandong University Affiliated Provincial Hospital from January 1st, 2012 to December 31st, 2016 were enrolled. Based on the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO)-acute kidney injury (AKI) criteria, patients were divided into two groups: PR-AKI group and non-PR-AKI group. Clinical characteristics and laboratory data of two groups were compared. Risk factors of incidence and mortality of PR-AKI patients were analyzed, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the value of these risk factors in predicting mortality of PR-AKI patients in ICU.@*Results@#①A total of 219 pregnancies in ICU were included in the analysis, 85 cases (38.8%) were diagnosed with PR-AKI, with 29.4% in AKI stage 1, 27.1% in AKI stage 2 and 43.5% in AKI stage 3. ②Nineteen of 219 critically ill pregnancies died in ICU, the total ICU mortality was 8.7%. The mortality of PR-AKI group was higher than non-PR-AKI group (16.5% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.003). The mortality was worsened with increasing severity of AKI (4.0% for AKI stage 1, 4.3% for AKI stage 2, 32.4% for AKI stage 3). ③Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) and lactate (Lac) were the independent risk factors for PR-AKI [AFLP: odds ratio (OR) = 6.081, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.587-23.308, P = 0.008; Lac: OR = 1.460, 95%CI was 1.078-1.977, P = 0.014]. ④ Age, Lac, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) were the independent risk factors associated with the mortality of PR-AKI patients in ICU (age: OR = 1.130, 95%CI was 1.022-1.249, P = 0.017; Lac: OR = 1.198, 95%CI was 1.009-2.421, P = 0.039; APACHEⅡ: OR = 1.211, 95%CI was 1.102-1.330, P < 0.001; SOFA: OR = 1.411, 95%CI was 1.193-1.669, P < 0.001). ⑤ ROC curve analysis showed that age, Lac, APACHEⅡscore and SOFA score all had good predictive values for in-hospital mortality among PR-AKI patients in ICU, the cut-off value was 29 years old, 3.8 mmol/L, 16 and 8, respectively, and the AUC was 0.751, 0.757, 0.892 and 0.919, respectively (all P < 0.01).@*Conclusions@#The incidence and mortality of PR-AKI of critically ill pregnancies in ICU are high. Increased age, Lac, APACHEⅡ score and SOFA score are independent risk factors associated with the mortality of PR-AKI patients in ICU, and have good predictive values for prognosis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Pediatrics ; (12): 993-997, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817959

ABSTRACT

The immune diseases of nervous system are a kind of nervous system diseases mediated by immune mechanism.High mortality and disability rates are its important characteristics. Early intervention and treatment can significantly improve the clinical outcomes of patients. At present, the main treatments for this kind of diseases include corticosteroid hormone, intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG)and blood purification. Blood purification therapy has become the focus of current research because of its fast effect and other advantages.The main modes of blood purification therapy for this kind of diseases are plasma exchange and plasma immunoabsorption.Early application of blood purification therapy in patients with the acute attack and critical illness may lead to more significant clinical improvement. Therefore,blood purification may be an effective treatment for patients with the critical illness or when other medications are ineffective for the patients.

14.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 124-130, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756705

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of Du's heat-reinforcing method and Western medication in treating diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D).Methods:Sixty-five IBS-D patients were randomized into two groups by the random number table.Thirty-three cases in the treatment group were intervened by acupuncture with Du's heat-reinforcing method,while thirty-two cases in the control group were given oral administration of pinaverium bromide tablets.The intervention lasted 4 weeks for both groups.The IBS symptom severity score (IBS-SSS),IBS-quality of life (IBS-QOL) and hospital anxiety and depression scale (HAD) were adopted to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy.Results:The two groups each had two dropout cases.The clinical recovery rate was 38.7% and the total effective rate was 90.3% in the treatment group versus 13.3% and 66.7% in the control group.The treatment group was superior to the control group in both clinical recovery rate and total effective rate (both P<0.05).After 1-week and 4-week treatment,respectively,the IBS-SSS scores were lower compared with the baseline in both groups,and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05);the score in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group,and the between-group difference was statistically significant (both P<0.05).After 4-week treatment,the component scores of IBS-QOL showed improvements in both groups,and the treatment group was superior to the control group in the improvements of dysphoria,interference with activity,health worry and food avoidance (all P<0.05).The anxiety and depression scales of HAD (HAD-a,HAD-d) in the treatment group and the HAD-a in the control group obtained significant improvements (all P<0.05);the scores of HAD-a and HAD-d in the treatment group were significantly better than those in the control group (both P<0.05).Conclusion:Acupuncture with Du's heat-reinforcing method can effectively ease the symptoms of IBS-D,improve the quality of life and the state of anxiety and depression.It can produce a more significant efficacy than oral administration of pinaverium bromide tablets.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 366-370, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Acorus tatarinowii Schott and its active component 5- hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) on learning and memory and ERK/CREB signal in hippocampus of rats with exercise-induced fatigue.@*METHODS@#SD rats were randomly divided into normal group (A), exercise group (B), exercise + HMF low, middle and high dose treatment group (C, D, E), exercise + acorus tatarinowii Schott low, middle and high dose treatment group (F, G, H), with ten rats in each group. The rats in group C, D and E were treated with HMF at the doses of 0.10, 1.00 and 3.00 mg. kg by ig. The rats in group F, G and H were treated with the extracts of Acorus tatarinowii Schott at the doses of 0.12, 1.20 and 4.80 g. kg by ig. Learning and memory of rats were tested by the method of water maze experiment, and the expression levels of p-ERK1/2 and p-CREB protein in hippocampus of rats were tested by the method of Western blot in the end of the experiment.@*RESULTS@#The escape latencies of E and H groups were lower than those of groups B, C, D, F and G; and the numbers of plateau crossing were more than those of groups B, C, D, F and G and the expression levels of p-ERK1/2, p-CREB protein were higher than those of groups B, C, D, F and G , respectively(P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in the above indexes among groups A, E and H(P>0.05) except that the expression levels of p-ERK2 protein in group E were lower than those in group A and H (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acorus tatarinowii and its active component- HMF can improve the learning and memory of rats with exercise-induced fatigue, and the mechanism is related to the up-regulation of ERK / CREB signal in hippocampus of rats with exercise-induced fatigue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acorus , Chemistry , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Metabolism , Fatigue , Drug Therapy , Furaldehyde , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Maze Learning , Memory , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1506-1511, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824233

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the incidence and mortality risk factors of pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (PR-AKI) in intensive care unit (ICU). Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted. Critically ill pregnancies admitted to ICU of Shandong University Affiliated Provincial Hospital from January 1st, 2012 to December 31st, 2016 were enrolled. Based on the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO)-acute kidney injury (AKI) criteria, patients were divided into two groups: PR-AKI group and non-PR-AKI group. Clinical characteristics and laboratory data of two groups were compared. Risk factors of incidence and mortality of PR-AKI patients were analyzed, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the value of these risk factors in predicting mortality of PR-AKI patients in ICU. Results ①A total of 219 pregnancies in ICU were included in the analysis, 85 cases (38.8%) were diagnosed with PR-AKI, with 29.4% in AKI stage 1, 27.1% in AKI stage 2 and 43.5% in AKI stage 3. ②Nineteen of 219 critically ill pregnancies died in ICU, the total ICU mortality was 8.7%. The mortality of PR-AKI group was higher than non-PR-AKI group (16.5% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.003). The mortality was worsened with increasing severity of AKI (4.0% for AKI stage 1, 4.3% for AKI stage 2, 32.4% for AKI stage 3). ③Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) and lactate (Lac) were the independent risk factors for PR-AKI [AFLP: odds ratio (OR) = 6.081, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.587-23.308, P = 0.008; Lac: OR = 1.460, 95%CI was 1.078-1.977, P = 0.014]. ④ Age, Lac, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) were the independent risk factors associated with the mortality of PR-AKI patients in ICU (age: OR = 1.130, 95%CI was 1.022-1.249, P = 0.017; Lac: OR = 1.198, 95%CI was 1.009-2.421, P = 0.039; APACHEⅡ: OR = 1.211, 95%CI was 1.102-1.330, P < 0.001; SOFA: OR = 1.411, 95%CI was 1.193-1.669, P < 0.001). ⑤ ROC curve analysis showed that age, Lac, APACHEⅡscore and SOFA score all had good predictive values for in-hospital mortality among PR-AKI patients in ICU, the cut-off value was 29 years old, 3.8 mmol/L, 16 and 8, respectively, and the AUC was 0.751, 0.757, 0.892 and 0.919, respectively (all P < 0.01). Conclusions The incidence and mortality of PR-AKI of critically ill pregnancies in ICU are high. Increased age, Lac, APACHEⅡ score and SOFA score are independent risk factors associated with the mortality of PR-AKI patients in ICU, and have good predictive values for prognosis.

17.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 368-371, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an HPLC method for the content determination of cinacalcet hydrochloride and evaluate the un-certainty in the measurement. Methods:An Inertsil ODS-SP chromatographic column(250 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm) was used,the mo-bile phase was composed of phosphate buffer solution(pH 6.5) and acetonitrile(60: 40),the flow rate was 1.0 ml·min-1,the de-tection wavelength was 272 nm,the column temperature was 30℃ and the injection volume was 20 μl. The content calculation formula-tion was deduced,the influencing factors were determined,and each component was assessed. Results:The resolution between cina-calcet and the impurity was satisfied,the linear relationship within the range of 10-100 μg?ml-1was excellent(r=0.999 9),the av-erage recovery was 101.09% (RSD=0.54%,n=9),and the LOQ was 0.254 μg?ml-1. The expanded uncertainty was 1.22%, and the result of the content determination was(100.74 ± 1.22)% (k=2). Conclusion:The method is simple,fast,selective,ac-curate and reliable,and can provide reference for the development of quality standards for generic drugs. Based on the influencing fac-tors of uncertainty,the main influencing reasons for the determination results can be found out to improve the reliability of determina-tion.

18.
Journal of Xinxiang Medical College ; (12): 517-520, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699528

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the second or third line usage of trastuzumab combined with paclitaxel for treatment of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2(Her-2)overexpressing metastatic breast cancer. Methods A total of 58 patients with Her-2 overexpressing metastatic breast cancer who had been treated by the first and second-line treatment method were selected in the First People's Hospital of Xinxiang City from March 2012 to March 2015. All patients were treated with trastuzumab combined paclitaxel for 6 to 8 cycles,then the efficacy and adverse reactions were evaluated,and the efficacy and adverse reactions between patients with different clinical features were compared. The pa-tients were followed up for three years,and the survival rate was analysed. Results Of the 58 patients,53 patients completed the chemical treatment successfully,including 6 cases of complete remission,24 cases of partial remission,12 cases of stable dis-ease,11 cases of progressive disease,the effective rate was 56. 6%(30/ 53);the 3-year survival rate of patients was 28. 3%(15/53). The effective rate of patients who had not used taxanes was significantly higher than that who had used the taxanes(P <0. 05);the conditions of previous treatment,the estrogen and progesterone receptor and the number of the metastatic sites had no significant effect on the treatment effect(P >0. 05);the 3-year survival rate of patients who had used first-line chemotherapy was significantly higher than that who had used the second-line chemotherapy(P <0. 05);whether use of trastuzumab,the conditond of estrogen and progesterone receptor and the number of the metastatic sites had no significant effect on the 3-year survival rate (P >0. 05). The main adverse reactions of patients were neutrophilic granulocytopenia(75. 5%,40/ 53),anemia(71. 7%,38/53)and thrombocytopenia(50. 9%,27/ 53);there was no statistic difference in the incidence of main adverse reactions in pa-tients with different clinical characteristics(P > 0. 05). Conclusion The second or third-line usage of trastuzumab combined with paclitaxel for treatment of Her-2 overexpressing metastatic breast cancer patients is efficacy and safety. Patients who have not treated with trastuzumab and only received the first-line chemotherapy have a better therapeutic effect.

19.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 243-247, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical efficacy of abdominal acupuncture for subhealth insomnia.Methods:Eighty-two cases of subhealth insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (41 cases) and a control group (41 cases).The control group was treated with conventional acupuncture.The observation group was treated with Bo's abdominal acupuncture on the basis of conventional acupuncture.Six treatments constituted one treatment course.The measuring scale of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome for subhealth state (MSSSHS) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scores were compared between the two groups after two courses,to estimate the efficacy of abdominal acupuncture for subhealth insomnia.Results:One case dropped out from the observation group,while 2 cases dropped out from the control group.The MSSSHS score and PSQI score both declined after the treatment in the two groups (all P<0.05).The MSSSHS and PSQI scores in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (both P<0.05).Conclusion:The abdominal acupuncture is effective for subhealth insomnia,and it can enhance the effect of conventional acupuncture.

20.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 473-478, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690632

ABSTRACT

This study explored the association between the lncRNA HOTAIR polymorphism and susceptibility to lead poisoning in a Chinese population. We speculated that lead poisoning caused elevated levels of oxidative stress, which, in turn, activate the HOTAIR gene to cause apoptosis. Three lncRNA HOTAIR tagSNPs (rs7958904, rs4759314, and rs874945) were genotyped by TaqMan genotyping technology in 113 lead-sensitive and 113 lead-resistant Chinese workers exposed to lead. Rs7958904 was significantly associated with susceptibility to lead poisoning (P = 0.047). The rs7958904 G allele had a protective effect compared with the C allele and reduced the risk of lead poisoning (P = 0.016). Rs7958904 may act as a potential biomarker for predicting the risk of lead poisoning and distinguishing lead-sensitive individuals from lead-resistant individuals.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Alleles , Asian People , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Testing , Lead Poisoning , Genetics , Occupational Diseases , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL