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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 254-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm(BPDCN).@*METHODS@#The clinical features, bone marrow morphology and immunophenotyping, treatment and prognosis of 4 patients with BPDCN were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#4 patients had bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes involvement, 2 patients had skin lesions, and 3 patients had central nervous system infiltration. Tailing phenomenon of abnormally cells could be seen in bone marrow. The immunophenotyping showed that CD56, CD4 and CD123 expression was observed in 4 patients, and CD304 in 3 patients. One patient refused chemotherapy and died early. Both patients achieved complete remission after the initial treatment with DA+VP regimen, 1 of them achieved complete remission after recurrence by using the same regimen again. One patient failed to respond to reduced dose of DA+VP chemotherapy, and then achieved complete remission with venetoclax+azacitidine.@*CONCLUSION@#The malignant cells in BPDCN patients often infiltrate bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes, and have specical phenotypes, with poor prognosis. The treatment should take into account both myeloid and lymphatic systems. The treatment containing new drugs such as BCL-2 inhibitors combined with demethylation drugs is worth trying.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dendritic Cells , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow/pathology , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy
2.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 70-72, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981587

ABSTRACT

A 3-year-old boy presented with bluish patch and scattered blue spots on the left side of his face. After several sessions of laser treatment, the azury patch in the periorbital area became even darker. Histopathology showed many bipolar, pigment-laden dendritic cells scattered in the papillary and upper reticular dermis. Immunohistochemically, these cells were positive for S100, SOX-10, melan-A, P16, and HMB-45. The positive rate of Ki-67 was less than 5%. Finally, the lesion was diagnosed with nevus of Ota concurrent with common blue nevus. Therefore, for cases of the nevus of Ota with poor response to laser treatment, the possible coexisting diseases should be suspected.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child, Preschool , Nevus, Blue/pathology , Nevus of Ota/therapy , Skin/pathology , Face , Skin Neoplasms/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 633-637, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993242

ABSTRACT

The rapid progress on immunotherapy and targeted therapy has brought long-term survival benefits for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The oncology community has also paid more attention to the local treatment for advanced NSCLC, especially for patients with limited metastatic lesions, also known as oligo-metastasis. Many studies have reported that oligo-metastatic NSCLC patients could benefit from the combination of local and systematic treatment, and even to be cured. In recent years, with the advances in radiation technology, stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has achieved precise high-dose radiotherapy for small target tumors. Currently, SBRT has been widely applied in the treatment of inoperable early lung cancer, and its application value and safety in patients with advanced lung cancer are also being actively explored. In this article, the research status, progress and future development direction of SBRT in the treatment of oligo-metastatic NSCLC were discussed.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 341-352, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982276

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is the most common complaint associated with menstruation and affects up to three-quarters of women at some stage of their reproductive life. In Chinese medicine, navel therapy, treatment provided at Shenque (CV 8), is used as a treatment option for PD.@*OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of navel therapy on pain relief and quality of life in women with PD, compared with Western medicine (WM).@*METHODS@#China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), SinoMed and Wanfang Database, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, and the International Clinical Trial Registry of the U.S. National Institutes of Health were searched from their inceptions to April 1, 2021. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing therapeutic effects of navel therapy on PD were eligible for inclusion. RevMan 5.4 software was used for data analyses. The certainty of the evidence was assessed using the online GRADEpro tool.@*RESULTS@#Totally 24 RCTs involving 2,614 participants were identified. Interventions applied to acupuncture point CV 8 included: herbal patching, moxibustion or combined navel therapy (using at least 2 types of stimulation). Compared to placebo, there was a significant effect in favor of navel therapy on reducing overall menstrual symptom scores at the end of treatment [mean difference: -0.82, 95% confidence interval (CI): -1.00 to -0.64, n=90; 1 RCT]. As compared with Western medicine, navel therapy had a superior effect on pain intensity as assessed by Visual Analogue Scale at the end of treatment [standardized mean difference (SMD): -0.64, 95% CI: -1.22 to -0.06, I2=80%, n=262; 3 RCTs]; on symptom resolution rate at 3-month follow-up (risk ratio: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.47 to 2.56, n=1527, I2=38%; 13 RCTs); and on global menstrual symptoms score at the end of treatment (SMD: -0.67, 95% CI: -0.90 to -0.45, I2=63%, n=990; 12 RCTs). Subgroup analyses showed either a better or an equivalent effect comparing navel therapy with Western medicine. No major adverse events were reported. The methodological quality of included trials was poor overall.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Navel therapy appears to be more effective than Western medicine in decreasing menstrual pain and improving overall symptoms of PD. However, these findings need to be confirmed by well-designed clinical trials with adequate sample size (Systematic review registration at PROSPERO, No. CRD42021240350).


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , United States , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Moxibustion , Pain Management
5.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 321-328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958852

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical application of manual therapy (MT) to tumor-related adverse reactions via summarizing the research at home and abroad, in order to provide more theoretical evidence for the clinical promotion of MT. Methods: We searched 7 Chinese and English databases, including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Academic Journal Full-text Database (Wanfang), Chongqing VIP Database (CQVIP), PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), Ovid and EBSCO. The publication date was between the establishment date of the database and December 31, 2020. We screened the literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and then sorted and analyzed the selected information. Results: A total of 46 papers were analyzed. Most studies focused on the adverse reactions in breast cancer patients. MT interventions demonstrated the best efficacy for fatigue, followed by pain, depression and anxiety. In different MT interventions, Tuina (Chinese therapeutic massage) was mainly adopted for fatigue, pain, anxiety, depression, and limb dysfunctions. Acupoint pressing was mainly adopted for gastrointestinal and psychological problems such as abdominal bloating, insomnia, depression and anxiety. The application of reflexotherapy was similar to that of Tuina. Conclusion: MT can alleviate various adverse reactions by effectively relieving patients' somatic symptoms and improving their psychological states and overall functions. It can be popularized as a significant non-drug therapy. Currently, however, the clinical application of MT is neither extensive nor has sufficient basic research. Consequently, we should attach importance to this application.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 408-415, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956798

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of crizotinib on acute radiation-induced lung injury in mice and its possible mechanism.Methods:A total of 72 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups by the random number table method: healthy control group (NC group, n=12), crizotinib-only group (CRZ group, n=12), radiotherapy-only group (RT group, n=24), and radiotherapy pluscrizotinib group (RT+ CRZ group, n=24). The whole lungs were exposed to a single dose of 12 Gy X-rays. Lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were obtained at 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after radiotherapy. The total number of nucleated cells was counted under a light microscope, and the total protein content of BALF was detected by bicinchoninic acid (BCA) protein assay. The pathological changes of lung tissue were observed by HE staining and MASSON staining. The expressions of TGF-β1 and ICAM-1 mRNA in lung tissue were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the locations and expressions of MPO and ICAM-1 proteins were observed by immunohistochemical staining, and the expressions of TGF-β1, Smad3, p-Smad3 and ICAM-1 proteins in lung tissue were detected by Western blot. Results:At different time points after irradiation, the pathological manifestations such as inflammation and exudation of lung tissue in the RT+ CRZ group were significantly increased, and the total number of cells and protein content in BALF was higher than that of the other three groups, compared with RT group, the difference was statistically significant at 4 week ( t=-5.031, -2.814, P<0.05). Compared with RT group, the expressions of ICAM-1 and TGF-β1 mRNA in lung tissue of the RT+ CRZ group were significantly increased, while the expression of TGF-β1 increased significantly at 1, 4 and 8 weeks after irradiation ( t=-2.687, -7.032, -5.221, P<0.05), and the expression of ICAM-1 increased significantly at 2 and 4 weeks after irradiation ( t=-4.819, -6.057, P<0.05). The expressions of these two gradually increased from 1 to 4 weeks and peaked in 4 weeks, then decreased at 8 weeks. At the same time, the trend of the expression of MPO mRNA was consistent with ICAM-1 and TGF-β1. At 4 week, there was no difference in the expression of Smad3 protein in these four groups ( P>0.05). The expressions of TGF-β1, p-Smad3, ICAM-1 and p-Smad3/Smad3 proteins of the RT+ CRZ group were all higher than those of the other three groups ( F=14.74, 10.03, 35.29, 22.94, P<0.05). Conclusions:Crizotinib combined with radiotherapy can aggravate acute radiation-induced lung injury, which may due to the increase of ICAM-1 expression by up-regulating the TGF-β1 signaling pathway.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E713-E719, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961790

ABSTRACT

Objective To study changes in kinematics and joint coordination of the waist and hips during sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit tasks in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Methods The Vicon 3D motion capture system was used to collect the kinematics data from 20 healthy controls and 20 LDH subjects, and differences in movement patterns of the lumbar spine and hip joints during sitting and standing tasks were compared between two groups through statistical parametric mapping (SPM). Results During sit-to-stand task, the lumbar spine flexion and extension range and hip joint abduction angle of LDH subjects were significantly limited, and the hip flexion angle increased. SPM analysis showed that for both groups at initial stage of sit-to-stand (10%-13%), there was a statistically significant difference in flexion angle of the lumbar spine, and lumbar flexion angle of LDH subjects was significantly reduced, while hip flexion angle at 2%-14% phase was significantly increased. During stand-to-sit phase (65%-69%), LDH subjects showed increased hip abduction angle. Conclusions LDH subjects have limited lumbar flexion and hip abduction functions during sitting and standing, and they need to be compensated with increased hip flexion activities to complete functional tasks. In clinical evaluation, changes in motor function of the spine and hips should be focused on.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 562-568, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932706

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the preventive and therapeutic effect of pirfenidone (PFD) on radiation-induced lung fibrosis (RILF) and its mechanism.Methods:40 female C57/BL6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: negative control group (NC), PFD treatment group (PFD), radiation treatment group (RT) and radiation plus PFD treatment group (RT+ PFD). Mice in RT and RT+ PFD groups received a single whole lung X-ray consisting of a 50 Gy dose of radiation, delivered by small animal radiation research platform (SARRP). PFD at a dose of 300 mg/kg was administered orally 2 h before irradiation for 150 d. HE and Masson staining were used to detect the infiltration of inflammatory cells and the degree of pulmonary fibrosis. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting (WB) were adopted to detect the expression levels of M1/M2 macrophage phenotypic markers. The expression levels of arginase-1(ARG-1), chitinase 3-like protein 3(YM-1) and interferon regulatory factor-4(IRF4) of macrophages stimulated with IL-4 and IL-13 were detected by WB. In addition, immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression and translocation of IRF4 in macrophages among different treatment groups.Results:HE and Masson staining showed that PFD could significantly inhibit radiation-induced infiltration of inflammatory cells and fibrosis in lung tissues. The M2 macrophages and expression levels of ARG-1 and YM-1 were down-regulated in the RT+ PFD group. Cell experiments further confirmed that PFD could significantly inhibit the polarization of macrophages to M2 induced by IL-4+ IL-13, which was mainly related to the down-regulation of IRF4.Conclusion:PFD has a preventive and therapeutic effect on RILF by inhibiting IRF4 and reducing the polarization of macrophages to M2.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 454-458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors related to false-negative results of interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) QFT-GIT in patients with confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis.Methods:Clinical data of 389 patients with bacteriologically confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis who underwent QFT-GIT in Quzhou Hospital Affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University between January 1 and December 31 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors related to the false-negative results of QFT-GIT.Results:Among 389 confirmed patients, 347 cases had positive QFT-GIT results and 42 cases had negative results. Univariate analysis showed that the false-negative results of QFT-GIT were associated with low BMI, reduced CD4 + T lymphocyte count, decreased lymphocyte count, increased C-reactive protein, negative sputum smear, anemia, diabetes mellitus, malignant tumor and sepsis ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). Multivariate conditional logistic regression analysis showed that BMI <18.5 kg/m 2( OR=1.585, 95% CI 1.076-2.336), complicated with diabetes( OR=5.157, 95% CI 2.340-11.365), malignant tumors ( OR=5.596, 95% CI 2.048-15.295)and sepsis ( OR=4.141, 95% CI 1.042-16.459) were independent risk factors for the false-negative results of QFT-GIT ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion:When the pulmonary tuberculosis patients are extreme emaciation, complicated with diabetes, malignant tumor or sepsis, the QFT-GIT results will be false negative.

10.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 425-431, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Tuina (Chinese therapeutic massage) manipulation for pediatric adenoid hypertrophy (AH). Methods: A total of 60 children with AH were randomized into an observation group and a medication group, with 30 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with pediatric Tuina treatment, and the medication group was treated with 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray. The changes of main clinical symptom score, quality of life (QOL) score and X-ray nasopharynx lateral film were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was 90.0%, and that of the medication group was 66.7%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the A/N value [ratio of adenoid thickness (A) and nasopharyngeal cavity width (N)] of posterior nasopharyngeal lateral film did not show significant change in either group (P>0.05). After treatment, the clinical symptom scores in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), but there was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, the QOL scores of children in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). Conclusion: Tuina manipulation is effective in treating pediatric AH, and produces a better effect in improving traditional Chinese medicine symptoms and QOL than 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1595-1600, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the procedure of pre-transfusion testing and transfusion strategy of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated by daratumumab (DarA).@*METHODS@#The blood samples of MM patients before and after DarA treatment from the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were collected, and the ABO/Rh blood group antigen identification and DAT test results were compared. The results of antibody screening and cross matching of the patients before and after inactivation of red blood cells with 0.2 mol/L dithiothreitol (DTT) were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#ABO/Rh blood group antigen typing showed no affecting in patients after treated by DarA; the result of DAT test showed negative. Irregular antibody screening showed that all the three cells(Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ) were positive(1+~2+) and the self-control was negative. By microcolumn agglutination method, the main side of the multi-bag of blood showed no matched, while the secondary side showed all identical. After treated by DTT solution, the cross matching results in reagent red blood cells and the red blood cells of blood donors were both consistent, and the irregular antibody screening was negative. The K(+)O type erythrocytes used in parallel control were transformed into K(-)O type erythrocytes after DTT treatment. However, there was no significant changes in E(+) O type erythrocytes before and after DTT treatment. There was no condensation on the primary and secondary side of the condensed amine method. The primary and secondary sides of blood matching by saline method showed negative.@*CONCLUSION@#After treated by DarA, cross matching results from microcolumn agglutination method can be interfered by the residual drug antibody in MM patients, while the interference was eliminated in the presence of 0.2 mol/L DTT solution. However, no disturbance was observed when using condensed amine method or saline method. Therefore, corresponding transfusion procedures should be selected according to the emergency degree of blood transfusion to ensure the safety and timeliness of blood transfusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Blood Transfusion , Dithiothreitol , Multiple Myeloma/therapy
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1957-1962, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922231

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors affecting prognosis of children with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH).@*METHODS@#The clinical manifestations and laboratory data of 143 HLH children who met the HLH-2004 diagnostic criteria in Shenzhen Children's Hospital from January 2009 to May 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and the independent factors affecting prognosis were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 143 HLH children was 1.9 (0.1-14.3) years old, and the median follow-up time was 6.7 years (1 day - 11.9 years). The overall survival rate of 1 month, 1 year, and 10 years was (87.4±5.5)%, (81.1±6.5)%, and (81.1±6.5)%, respectively. The deaths occurred within 1 year after onset. Multivariate analysis showed that central nervous system (CNS) involvement (P=0.047), low hemoglobin (P=0.002), prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) (P<0.001), high triglyceride (P=0.005) were all the independent risk factors affecting survival of the children. Receiver operating characteristic curve indicated that APTT (AUC=0.753, P<0.001) was more valuable than other risk factors in predicting death of the children. The cut-off value of APTT was 56.6 s, and the sensitivity and specificity of which was 55.6% and 89.7%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Hypohemoglobinemia, prolonged APTT, hypertriglyceridemia, and CNS involvement the risk factors affecting prognosis of HLH, and prolonged APTT shows a strong predictive value for death.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1929-1934, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role and significance of blood group genotyping and gene sequencing technology in the identification of blood group subtypes.@*METHODS@#Blood type of the proband and his son were identified by blood type serology, and ABO genotyping and DNA sequencing were performed according to the results of serological expression pattern.@*RESULTS@#The weak B antigen expression was found in the proband and his son by serological test, and was preliminarily identified as B3 subtype. The ABO blood group genotyping confirmed that the genotype of the proband and his son was B/O1 and B/O2, respectively. Finally, through gene sequencing, it was confirmed that the B101 allele of the proband and his son showed a heterozygous mutation of 5873CT.@*CONCLUSION@#The combination of serology, genotyping and sequencing showed find new blood group gene mutation sites, which is important strategic significance for accurate blood group identification, personalized blood use and trasfusion safety, which is beneficial to clarify the molecular biological basis of ABO blood group subtypes.


Subject(s)
Humans , ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Genotype , Mutation , Sequence Analysis, DNA
14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 917-923, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of a multi-task learning-based light-weight convolution neural network (MTLW-CNN) for the automatic segmentation of organs at risk (OARs) in thorax.Methods:MTLW-CNN consisted of several layers for sharing features and 3 branches for segmenting 3 OARs. 497 cases with thoracic tumors were collected. Among them, the computed tomography (CT) images encompassing lung, heart and spinal cord were included in this study. The corresponding contours delineated by experienced radiation oncologists were ground truth. All cases were randomly categorized into the training and validation set ( n=300) and test set ( n=197). By applying MTLW-CNN on the test set, the Dice similarity coefficients (DSCs) of 3 OARs, training and testing time and space complexity (S) were calculated and compared with those of Unet and DeepLabv3+ . To evaluate the effect of multi-task learning on the generalization performance of the model, 3 single-task light-weight CNNs (STLW-CNNs) were built. Their structures were totally the same as the corresponding branches in MTLW-CNN. After using the same data and algorithm to train STLW-CNN, the DSCs were statistically compared with MTLW-CNN on the testing set. Results:For MTLW-CNN, the averages (μ) of lung, heart and spinal cord DSCs were 0.954, 0.921 and 0.904, respectively. The differences of μ between MTLW-CNN and other two models (Unet and DeepLabv3+ ) were less than 0.020. The training and testing time of MTLW-CNN were 1/3 to 1/30 of that of Unet and DeepLabv3+ . S of MTLW-CNN was 1/42 of that of Unet and 1/1 220 of that of DeepLabv3+ . The differences of μ and standard deviation (σ) of lung and heart between MTLW-CNN and STLW-CNN were approximately 0.005 and 0.002. The difference of μ of spinal cord was 0.001, but σof STLW-CNN was 0.014 higher than that of MTLW-CNN.Conclusions:MTLW-CNN spends less time and space on high-precision automatic segmentation of thoracic OARs. It can improve the application efficiency and generalization performance of the models.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 26-31, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
Humans , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 282-287, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of manipulation loading on chronic low back pain (CLBP) model rats and the expression of inflammatory factors in psoas major muscle tissue, and to explore the improvement of manipulation on local inflammatory microenvironment.@*METHODS@#Thirty two SPF male SD rats weighing 340-360g were randomly divided into blank group, sham operation group, chronic low back pain model group and treatment group, with 8 rats in each group. In the model group, L@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in PWT and PWL between the blank group and the sham operation group after modeling (@*CONCLUSION@#Local massage loading has analgesic effect on CLBP rats, at the same time, it can inhibit the content of CGRP and NGF in psoas muscle tissue of CLBP rats, and improve the local inflammatory microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Low Back Pain/therapy , Nerve Growth Factor/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1189-1204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878624

ABSTRACT

The innate immune system initiates innate immune responses by recognizing pathogen-related molecular patterns on the surface of pathogenic microorganisms through pattern recognition receptors. Through cascade signal transduction, it activates downstream transcription factors NF-κB and interferon regulatory factors (IRFs), and then leads to the production of inflammatory cytokines and type Ⅰ interferon, which resists the infection of pathogenic microorganism. TBK1 is a central adapter protein of innate immune signaling pathway and can activate both NF-κB and IRFs. It is a key protein kinase in the process of anti-infection. The finetuning regulation of TBK1 is essential to maintain immune homeostasis and resist pathogen invasion. This paper reviews the biological functions and ubiquitin modification of TBK1 in innate immunity, to provide theoretical basis for clinical treatment of pathogenic infections and autoimmune diseases.


Subject(s)
Immunity, Innate , Interferon Regulatory Factor-3/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Signal Transduction , Ubiquitin
18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 423-432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887678

ABSTRACT

Chronic pain of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) greatly affects the quality of life and functional activities of patients. It is important to clarify the underlying mechanisms of KOA pain and the analgesic effect of different therapies. Neuroimaging technology has been widely used in the basic and clinical research of pain. In the recent years, neuroimaging technology has played an important role in the basic and clinical research of KOA pain. Increasing evidence demonstrates that chronic pain in KOA includes both nociceptive and neuropathic pain. The neuropathic mechanism involved in KOA pain is complex, which may be caused by peripheral or central sensitization. In this paper, we review the regional changes of brain pathophysiology caused by KOA pain based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalogram (EEG), magnetoencephalogram (MEG), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and other neuroimaging techniques. We also discuss the central analgesic mechanism of different KOA therapies, with a focus on the latest achievements in the evaluation and prediction of pain. We hope to provide new thoughts for the treatment of KOA pain, especially in the early and middle stages of KOA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Pain/diagnostic imaging , Neuroimaging , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Quality of Life , Technology
19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 213-216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884544

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is a common complication in thoracic cancer patients through radiotherapy, which can be divided into the early-stage radiation-induced pneumonitis (RP) and late-stage radiation-induced lung fibrosis (RILF). At present, glucocorticoids are mainly adopted in the clinical treatment of RP. However, there has been no effective medical treatment for RILF. RILF patients will eventually die from respiratory failure. The exact mechanism of RILI remains unclear. Current studies have proposed that its possible pathogenesis might consist of genetic heterogeneity, oxidative stress and cell damage. In this review, studies related to the pathogenesis of RILI were summarized.

20.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1191-1212, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826764

ABSTRACT

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a promising method for altering cortical excitability with clinical implications. It has been increasingly used in neurodevelopmental disorders, especially attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but its efficacy (based on effect size calculations), safety, and stimulation parameters have not been systematically examined. In this systematic review, we aimed to (1) explore the effectiveness of tDCS on the clinical symptoms and neuropsychological deficits of ADHD patients, (2) evaluate the safety of tDCS application, especially in children with ADHD, (3) model the electrical field intensity in the target regions based on the commonly-applied and effective versus less-effective protocols, and (4) discuss and propose advanced tDCS parameters. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses approach, a literature search identified 14 empirical experiments investigating tDCS effects in ADHD. Partial improving effects of tDCS on cognitive deficits (response inhibition, working memory, attention, and cognitive flexibility) or clinical symptoms (e.g., impulsivity and inattention) are reported in 10 studies. No serious adverse effects are reported in 747 sessions of tDCS. The left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex are the regions most often targeted, and anodal tDCS the protocol most often applied. An intensity of 2 mA induced stronger electrical fields than 1 mA in adults with ADHD and was associated with significant behavioral changes. In ADHD children, however, the electrical field induced by 1 mA, which is likely larger than the electrical field induced by 1 mA in adults due to the smaller head size of children, was sufficient to result in significant behavioral change. Overall, tDCS seems to be a promising method for improving ADHD deficits. However, the clinical utility of tDCS in ADHD cannot yet be concluded and requires further systematic investigation in larger sample sizes. Cortical regions involved in ADHD pathophysiology, stimulation parameters (e.g. intensity, duration, polarity, and electrode size), and types of symptom/deficit are potential determinants of tDCS efficacy in ADHD. Developmental aspects of tDCS in childhood ADHD should be considered as well.

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