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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of manipulation loading on chronic low back pain (CLBP) model rats and the expression of inflammatory factors in psoas major muscle tissue, and to explore the improvement of manipulation on local inflammatory microenvironment.@*METHODS@#Thirty two SPF male SD rats weighing 340-360g were randomly divided into blank group, sham operation group, chronic low back pain model group and treatment group, with 8 rats in each group. In the model group, L@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in PWT and PWL between the blank group and the sham operation group after modeling (@*CONCLUSION@#Local massage loading has analgesic effect on CLBP rats, at the same time, it can inhibit the content of CGRP and NGF in psoas muscle tissue of CLBP rats, and improve the local inflammatory microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Low Back Pain/therapy , Male , Nerve Growth Factor/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1189-1204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878624

ABSTRACT

The innate immune system initiates innate immune responses by recognizing pathogen-related molecular patterns on the surface of pathogenic microorganisms through pattern recognition receptors. Through cascade signal transduction, it activates downstream transcription factors NF-κB and interferon regulatory factors (IRFs), and then leads to the production of inflammatory cytokines and type Ⅰ interferon, which resists the infection of pathogenic microorganism. TBK1 is a central adapter protein of innate immune signaling pathway and can activate both NF-κB and IRFs. It is a key protein kinase in the process of anti-infection. The finetuning regulation of TBK1 is essential to maintain immune homeostasis and resist pathogen invasion. This paper reviews the biological functions and ubiquitin modification of TBK1 in innate immunity, to provide theoretical basis for clinical treatment of pathogenic infections and autoimmune diseases.


Subject(s)
Immunity, Innate , Interferon Regulatory Factor-3/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Signal Transduction , Ubiquitin
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Tuina (Chinese therapeutic massage) manipulation for pediatric adenoid hypertrophy (AH). Methods: A total of 60 children with AH were randomized into an observation group and a medication group, with 30 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with pediatric Tuina treatment, and the medication group was treated with 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray. The changes of main clinical symptom score, quality of life (QOL) score and X-ray nasopharynx lateral film were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was 90.0%, and that of the medication group was 66.7%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the A/N value [ratio of adenoid thickness (A) and nasopharyngeal cavity width (N)] of posterior nasopharyngeal lateral film did not show significant change in either group (P>0.05). After treatment, the clinical symptom scores in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), but there was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, the QOL scores of children in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). Conclusion: Tuina manipulation is effective in treating pediatric AH, and produces a better effect in improving traditional Chinese medicine symptoms and QOL than 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of a multi-task learning-based light-weight convolution neural network (MTLW-CNN) for the automatic segmentation of organs at risk (OARs) in thorax.Methods:MTLW-CNN consisted of several layers for sharing features and 3 branches for segmenting 3 OARs. 497 cases with thoracic tumors were collected. Among them, the computed tomography (CT) images encompassing lung, heart and spinal cord were included in this study. The corresponding contours delineated by experienced radiation oncologists were ground truth. All cases were randomly categorized into the training and validation set ( n=300) and test set ( n=197). By applying MTLW-CNN on the test set, the Dice similarity coefficients (DSCs) of 3 OARs, training and testing time and space complexity (S) were calculated and compared with those of Unet and DeepLabv3+ . To evaluate the effect of multi-task learning on the generalization performance of the model, 3 single-task light-weight CNNs (STLW-CNNs) were built. Their structures were totally the same as the corresponding branches in MTLW-CNN. After using the same data and algorithm to train STLW-CNN, the DSCs were statistically compared with MTLW-CNN on the testing set. Results:For MTLW-CNN, the averages (μ) of lung, heart and spinal cord DSCs were 0.954, 0.921 and 0.904, respectively. The differences of μ between MTLW-CNN and other two models (Unet and DeepLabv3+ ) were less than 0.020. The training and testing time of MTLW-CNN were 1/3 to 1/30 of that of Unet and DeepLabv3+ . S of MTLW-CNN was 1/42 of that of Unet and 1/1 220 of that of DeepLabv3+ . The differences of μ and standard deviation (σ) of lung and heart between MTLW-CNN and STLW-CNN were approximately 0.005 and 0.002. The difference of μ of spinal cord was 0.001, but σof STLW-CNN was 0.014 higher than that of MTLW-CNN.Conclusions:MTLW-CNN spends less time and space on high-precision automatic segmentation of thoracic OARs. It can improve the application efficiency and generalization performance of the models.

6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 423-432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887678

ABSTRACT

Chronic pain of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) greatly affects the quality of life and functional activities of patients. It is important to clarify the underlying mechanisms of KOA pain and the analgesic effect of different therapies. Neuroimaging technology has been widely used in the basic and clinical research of pain. In the recent years, neuroimaging technology has played an important role in the basic and clinical research of KOA pain. Increasing evidence demonstrates that chronic pain in KOA includes both nociceptive and neuropathic pain. The neuropathic mechanism involved in KOA pain is complex, which may be caused by peripheral or central sensitization. In this paper, we review the regional changes of brain pathophysiology caused by KOA pain based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalogram (EEG), magnetoencephalogram (MEG), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and other neuroimaging techniques. We also discuss the central analgesic mechanism of different KOA therapies, with a focus on the latest achievements in the evaluation and prediction of pain. We hope to provide new thoughts for the treatment of KOA pain, especially in the early and middle stages of KOA.


Subject(s)
Chronic Pain/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Neuroimaging , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Quality of Life , Technology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884544

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is a common complication in thoracic cancer patients through radiotherapy, which can be divided into the early-stage radiation-induced pneumonitis (RP) and late-stage radiation-induced lung fibrosis (RILF). At present, glucocorticoids are mainly adopted in the clinical treatment of RP. However, there has been no effective medical treatment for RILF. RILF patients will eventually die from respiratory failure. The exact mechanism of RILI remains unclear. Current studies have proposed that its possible pathogenesis might consist of genetic heterogeneity, oxidative stress and cell damage. In this review, studies related to the pathogenesis of RILI were summarized.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1595-1600, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the procedure of pre-transfusion testing and transfusion strategy of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated by daratumumab (DarA).@*METHODS@#The blood samples of MM patients before and after DarA treatment from the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were collected, and the ABO/Rh blood group antigen identification and DAT test results were compared. The results of antibody screening and cross matching of the patients before and after inactivation of red blood cells with 0.2 mol/L dithiothreitol (DTT) were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#ABO/Rh blood group antigen typing showed no affecting in patients after treated by DarA; the result of DAT test showed negative. Irregular antibody screening showed that all the three cells(Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ) were positive(1+~2+) and the self-control was negative. By microcolumn agglutination method, the main side of the multi-bag of blood showed no matched, while the secondary side showed all identical. After treated by DTT solution, the cross matching results in reagent red blood cells and the red blood cells of blood donors were both consistent, and the irregular antibody screening was negative. The K(+)O type erythrocytes used in parallel control were transformed into K(-)O type erythrocytes after DTT treatment. However, there was no significant changes in E(+) O type erythrocytes before and after DTT treatment. There was no condensation on the primary and secondary side of the condensed amine method. The primary and secondary sides of blood matching by saline method showed negative.@*CONCLUSION@#After treated by DarA, cross matching results from microcolumn agglutination method can be interfered by the residual drug antibody in MM patients, while the interference was eliminated in the presence of 0.2 mol/L DTT solution. However, no disturbance was observed when using condensed amine method or saline method. Therefore, corresponding transfusion procedures should be selected according to the emergency degree of blood transfusion to ensure the safety and timeliness of blood transfusion.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal , Blood Transfusion , Dithiothreitol , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/therapy
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1957-1962, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922231

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors affecting prognosis of children with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH).@*METHODS@#The clinical manifestations and laboratory data of 143 HLH children who met the HLH-2004 diagnostic criteria in Shenzhen Children's Hospital from January 2009 to May 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and the independent factors affecting prognosis were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 143 HLH children was 1.9 (0.1-14.3) years old, and the median follow-up time was 6.7 years (1 day - 11.9 years). The overall survival rate of 1 month, 1 year, and 10 years was (87.4±5.5)%, (81.1±6.5)%, and (81.1±6.5)%, respectively. The deaths occurred within 1 year after onset. Multivariate analysis showed that central nervous system (CNS) involvement (P=0.047), low hemoglobin (P=0.002), prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) (P<0.001), high triglyceride (P=0.005) were all the independent risk factors affecting survival of the children. Receiver operating characteristic curve indicated that APTT (AUC=0.753, P<0.001) was more valuable than other risk factors in predicting death of the children. The cut-off value of APTT was 56.6 s, and the sensitivity and specificity of which was 55.6% and 89.7%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Hypohemoglobinemia, prolonged APTT, hypertriglyceridemia, and CNS involvement the risk factors affecting prognosis of HLH, and prolonged APTT shows a strong predictive value for death.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1929-1934, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role and significance of blood group genotyping and gene sequencing technology in the identification of blood group subtypes.@*METHODS@#Blood type of the proband and his son were identified by blood type serology, and ABO genotyping and DNA sequencing were performed according to the results of serological expression pattern.@*RESULTS@#The weak B antigen expression was found in the proband and his son by serological test, and was preliminarily identified as B3 subtype. The ABO blood group genotyping confirmed that the genotype of the proband and his son was B/O1 and B/O2, respectively. Finally, through gene sequencing, it was confirmed that the B101 allele of the proband and his son showed a heterozygous mutation of 5873CT.@*CONCLUSION@#The combination of serology, genotyping and sequencing showed find new blood group gene mutation sites, which is important strategic significance for accurate blood group identification, personalized blood use and trasfusion safety, which is beneficial to clarify the molecular biological basis of ABO blood group subtypes.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Sequence Analysis, DNA
11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 837-844, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880209

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Tumor microenvironment is a complex and dynamic community, which plays a crucial role in tumor progression via the co-evolution of cancer cells and tumor stroma. Among them, tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and tumor neo-vessels are two key components in the tumor microenvironment during cancer invasion. In addition, programmed cell death ligand 1/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) also plays an important role in tumorigenesis and development, and the clinical strategies to block PD-1/PD-L1 pathway could have great benefits for cancer patients. This study was aimed at analyzing the quantitative expression and prognostic significance of TAMs, tumor neo-vessels and PD-L1 in tumor microenvironment and exploring the relations between the expression of above components with the patients' prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*METHODS@#Clinico-pathological data and surgical specimens of 92 patients with NSCLC were collected, and immunohistochemistry was used to stain the expression of TAMs, tumor neo-vessels and PD-L1 on tumor tissue and peri-tumor tissues. The inverted microscopy was used to take pictures and Image-pro Plus 6.0 software was used for quantitative analysis. The clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival (OS) were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median OS of 92 NSCLC cases was 22.5 month. The expression of TAMs, tumor neo-vessels and PD-L1 in tumor tissue and peri-tumor tissues were not statistically significant (P>0.05). According to the cutoff of above key three components in tumor microenvironment, all the cases could be classified into high, middle and low expression groups. The survival analysis demonstrated that the OS in high expression group of TAMs (P=0.016) and PD-L1 (P=0.002) was shorter than the other two groups, respectively, with statistical significance. The OS in high tumor neo vessels group was shorter than the other two groups. However, there was no statistical significance between these three group (P=0.626). Combined with above the three components, all the cases could be classified into low, middle and high density groups. The survival analysis demonstrated that the median OS of combined high density group was shorter than the other two groups (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis by Cox regression indicated that pathological type, TAMs and PD-L1 expression were the independent prognostic factors.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The key components of TAMs and PD-L1 in tumor microenvironment are closely related to the prognosis of NSCLC patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811612

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical practice of delivering radiotherapy during the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus disease(COVID-19).@*Methods@#During this epidemic period, available methods including but not limited to: strict disinfection, body temperature monitoring, learning relevant knowledge by all staffs to ensure the safety of radiotherapy treatment. Relevant data including proportion of radiotherapy, time from scanning to the first time of radiation delivery and degree of satisfaction in the view of staffs and patients, respectively.@*Results@#A total of 60 patients received radiation therapy in the department of radiotherapy of Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital (2020-02-11). Compared with the same period in 2019 (after the Spring Festival), the total number of patients receiving radiotherapy was decreased from 72 to 60(83.3%). Among them, the number of patients receiving palliative radiation therapy decreased significantly, while the proportion of radical, preoperative and/or postoperative radiotherapy/radiochemotherapy did not significantly decrease. There was significant difference between different years (χ2=6.967, P<0.05). The median time for newly admitted patients to receive radiotherapy was two days, which was not significantly longer than the interval in 2019 (P>0.05). Staffs and patients were generally satisfied with the current prevention measures.@*Conclusions@#Using a variety of prevention and control methods, and taking full account of medical safety and patient benefits, radiation-related activities can be carried out during the epidemic.

13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1191-1212, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828350

ABSTRACT

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a promising method for altering cortical excitability with clinical implications. It has been increasingly used in neurodevelopmental disorders, especially attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but its efficacy (based on effect size calculations), safety, and stimulation parameters have not been systematically examined. In this systematic review, we aimed to (1) explore the effectiveness of tDCS on the clinical symptoms and neuropsychological deficits of ADHD patients, (2) evaluate the safety of tDCS application, especially in children with ADHD, (3) model the electrical field intensity in the target regions based on the commonly-applied and effective versus less-effective protocols, and (4) discuss and propose advanced tDCS parameters. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses approach, a literature search identified 14 empirical experiments investigating tDCS effects in ADHD. Partial improving effects of tDCS on cognitive deficits (response inhibition, working memory, attention, and cognitive flexibility) or clinical symptoms (e.g., impulsivity and inattention) are reported in 10 studies. No serious adverse effects are reported in 747 sessions of tDCS. The left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex are the regions most often targeted, and anodal tDCS the protocol most often applied. An intensity of 2 mA induced stronger electrical fields than 1 mA in adults with ADHD and was associated with significant behavioral changes. In ADHD children, however, the electrical field induced by 1 mA, which is likely larger than the electrical field induced by 1 mA in adults due to the smaller head size of children, was sufficient to result in significant behavioral change. Overall, tDCS seems to be a promising method for improving ADHD deficits. However, the clinical utility of tDCS in ADHD cannot yet be concluded and requires further systematic investigation in larger sample sizes. Cortical regions involved in ADHD pathophysiology, stimulation parameters (e.g. intensity, duration, polarity, and electrode size), and types of symptom/deficit are potential determinants of tDCS efficacy in ADHD. Developmental aspects of tDCS in childhood ADHD should be considered as well.

14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1191-1212, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826764

ABSTRACT

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a promising method for altering cortical excitability with clinical implications. It has been increasingly used in neurodevelopmental disorders, especially attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but its efficacy (based on effect size calculations), safety, and stimulation parameters have not been systematically examined. In this systematic review, we aimed to (1) explore the effectiveness of tDCS on the clinical symptoms and neuropsychological deficits of ADHD patients, (2) evaluate the safety of tDCS application, especially in children with ADHD, (3) model the electrical field intensity in the target regions based on the commonly-applied and effective versus less-effective protocols, and (4) discuss and propose advanced tDCS parameters. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses approach, a literature search identified 14 empirical experiments investigating tDCS effects in ADHD. Partial improving effects of tDCS on cognitive deficits (response inhibition, working memory, attention, and cognitive flexibility) or clinical symptoms (e.g., impulsivity and inattention) are reported in 10 studies. No serious adverse effects are reported in 747 sessions of tDCS. The left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex are the regions most often targeted, and anodal tDCS the protocol most often applied. An intensity of 2 mA induced stronger electrical fields than 1 mA in adults with ADHD and was associated with significant behavioral changes. In ADHD children, however, the electrical field induced by 1 mA, which is likely larger than the electrical field induced by 1 mA in adults due to the smaller head size of children, was sufficient to result in significant behavioral change. Overall, tDCS seems to be a promising method for improving ADHD deficits. However, the clinical utility of tDCS in ADHD cannot yet be concluded and requires further systematic investigation in larger sample sizes. Cortical regions involved in ADHD pathophysiology, stimulation parameters (e.g. intensity, duration, polarity, and electrode size), and types of symptom/deficit are potential determinants of tDCS efficacy in ADHD. Developmental aspects of tDCS in childhood ADHD should be considered as well.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Wenjingtang on the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and ultrastructure of mitochondria in rats with endometriosis (EMs), and to explore the mechanism of Wenjingtang in the treatment of EMs. Method:The EMs model rat was established by autogenous intimal transplantation, and the volume of ectopic lesions was measured by small animal ultrasound imaging system. According to the volume of ectopic lesions, rats successfully modeled were randomly divided into model group, low, middle ang high dose Wenjingtang group (4.85, 9.7, 19.4 g·kg-1) and gestrinone group (0.25 mg·kg-1), 10 in each group, another 10 rats were recruited in a sham operation group. After 6 weeks of drug treatment, the volume of ectopic lesions was measured by ultrasound imaging system and caliper, the morphology of ectopic endometrium was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in peritoneal fluid were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the mRNA and protein expression of HIF-1α in eutopic or ectopic endometrial tissues were detected by Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot, and the ultrastructure of mitochondria in ectopic endometrium was observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM). Result:Compared with sham operation group, ectopic lesions were found in model group, showing vesicular structure, and the typical endometrial tissue morphology was found in the lesions. The contents of IL-1β, TNF-α, TGF-β1 and the expression of HIF-1α mRNA and protein were significantly increased than those in the sham operation group (P<0.05,P<0.01). TEM showed that the number of mitochondria in the cytoplasm of ectopic endometrium increased and the structure was intact. Compared with model group, the volume of ectopic focus was significantly decreased in all Wenjingtang groups (P<0.01), and the results of ultrasonic examination were basically consistent with those of caliper measurement, HE staining showed that the columnar epithelial cells of ectopic endometrium were damaged or exfoliated and the interstitial cells were loose, the content of TNF-α in each dose group of Wenjingtang was significantly decreased, the content of IL-1β and TGF-β1 in the medium dose and high dose groups of Wenjingtang was significantly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01), the expression of HIF-1α mRNA and protein were significantly decreased in all Wenjingtang groups (P<0.05,P<0.01). The mitochondria of ectopic endometrium were obviously swollen, the crest was broken or even disappeared, some of the mitochondria were vacuolar degeneration and the outer membrane was ruptured. Conclusion:Wenjingtang has a good therapeutic effect on experimental EMs in rats, and the mechanism is related to reducing the expression of HIF-1α, improving hypoxia in ectopic lesions and inducing mitochondrial damage in ectopic endometrium.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the feasibility of hippocampal-avoidance (HA) prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in small cell lung cancer patients (SCLC)(limited stage) after chemotherapy and thoracic radiation.Methods:From June 2016 to March 2019, 40 eligible SCLC patients were recruited and randomly divided into the routine PCI ( n=22) and hippocampal-avoidance PCI (HA-PCI) groups ( n=18). The HA zone was contoured according to the criteria of RTOG 0933. Volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) was adopted in the HA-PCI group. After radiotherapy, Hopkins verbal learning test (HVLT) and MRI were performed. Results:The average hippocampus volume was (4.01±1.57) cm 3, the average HA volume was (20.13±4.14) cm 3, HA D 100% was (7.19±0.38) Gy and HA D max was (14.38±1.18) Gy. During HVLT, 1-month-after-PCI vs. before-PCI (trial3, trial4, learning, percent retained), 1-month-after-PCI vs. after-PCI (trial3, learning), HA-PCI cohort showed advantages over PCI in HVLT scores. The average follow-up time was (17.00±8.47) months. Two patients with brain metastases which were out of the HAZ received routine PCI. Conclusions:PCI using VMAT technology to protect hippocampus is feasible in dosimetry. The test results indicate that the protective effect of hippocampus protection on memory is worthy of further promotion in clinical practice.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868432

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical practice of delivering radiotherapy during the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus disease(COVID-19).Methods:During this epidemic period, available method including but not limited to: strict disinfection, body temperature monitoring and staff training of relevant knowledge, were used to ensure the safety of radiotherapy treatment. Statistical analysis was performed to study the relevant data including proportion of patients receiving radiotherapy for different purposes, time from scanning to the first time of radiation delivery and degree of satisfaction in the view of staffs and patients, respectively.Results:A total of 60 patients received radiation therapy in the department of radiotherapy of Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital (2020-02-11). Compared with the same period in 2019 (after the Spring Festival), the total number of patients receiving radiotherapy was decreased from 72 to 60(83.3%). Among them, the number of patients receiving palliative radiation therapy decreased significantly, while the proportion of radical, preoperative and/or postoperative radiotherapy/radiochemotherapy did not significantly decrease. There was significant difference between two years ( χ2=6.967, P<0.05). The median time for newly admitted patients to receive radiotherapy was two days, which was not significantly longer than the interval in 2019 ( P>0.05). Staff and patients were generally satisfied with the current prevention measures. Conclusions:Using a variety of prevention and control method, and taking full account of medical safety and patient benefits, radiation-related activities can be carried out during the epidemic.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the application value of dizocine sedation in brachial plexus nerve block.Methods:From January 2016 to December 2018, 80 patients with brachial plexus block anesthesia in the Second People's Hospital of Tongxiang were selected and divided into two groups according to the random number table method, with 40 cases in each group.The control group was not given sedation intervention, while the observation group was given dizocine sedation.The heart rate, mean arterial pressure, blood oxygen saturation and Ramsay scores at different time points were compared between the two groups.The anesthetic effect of the two groups was analyzed.Results:The onset time of sensory block in the observation group[(8.86±0.92)min] was significantly shorter than that in the control group[(11.43±1.08)min]( t=11.457, P<0.05). The duration of sensory block[(729.95±54.43)min] and the duration of analgesia[(879.96±165.52)min] in the observation group were significantly longer than those in the control group[(600.73±49.86)min, (750.27±261.19)min]( t=11.072, 2.653, all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the mean arterial pressure, heart rate and blood oxygen saturation at each time point between the two groups before operation (all P>0.05). The mean arterial pressure and heart rate of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group at 15 min, 30 min after operation and at the end of operation (all P<0.05). The Ramsay score between the two groups had no statistically significant difference before operation ( P>0.05). At 15 min, 30 min after operation and at the end of surgery, the Ramsay scores of the observation group were (4.08±0.54)points, (4.15±0.37)points, (2.96±0.19)points, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the control group [(1.79±0.27)points, (1.77±0.16)points, (1.93±0.14)points], the differences were statistically significant ( t=23.989, 37.341, 27.602, all P<0.05). Conclusion:After dizocine sedation is used in brachial plexus block patients, the vital signs fluctuate slightly and the sedation effect is obvious.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744339

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of one patient with sepsis-induced myopathy (SIM) who was successfully treated were reviewed retrospectively, analysis was conducted combined with the relevant literatures. Patient was a middle-aged woman without underlying disease, she was admitted to hospital because of fever, cough, chest tightness and shortness of breath, during the treatment period, type II respiratory failure occurred repeatedly, and it was difficult in withdrawing respirator, patient was finally diagnosed with SIM. After anti-infective treatment and rehabilitation training, she was successfully withdrawn respirator, muscle strength was recovered. This case suggests that SIM can be completely cured through early identification, neuromuscular nutrition therapy, graded rehabilitation training and lung rehabilitation therapy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707720

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of spatio-temporal image correlation with M-mode display ( STIC-M ) in monitoring fetal left ventricular systolic function in fetuses with congenital heart disease(CHD) . Methods Five hundred and thirty-six normal fetuses and 34 fetuses with CHD( 29 without hydrops and 5 with hydrops) were involved in the study . Left ventricular fractional shortening ( LVFS) was measured using STIC-M . The data of normal fetuses was used to construct reference ranges of LVFS for assessment of fetuses with CHD . Results The LVFS of the normal fetuses [ range :26 .8% - 42 .9% , mean :( 34 .9 ± 4 .1) % ] was negatively correlated with gestational age ( r = - 0 .16 , P < 0 .001) . Compared with the normal controls ,LVFS was significantly decreased in CHD fetuses with hydrops ( P < 0 .001) . However ,there was no significant difference in LVFS between normal controls and CHD fetuses without hydrops ( P > 0 .05) . Conclusions STIC-M is a new method that can be used to measure LVFS to evaluate fetal ventricular systolic function . The fetal ventricular contractile function of CHD fetuses without hydrops may not be damaged or is in compensation stage . The fetuses with cardiac hydrops generally become lower .

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