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1.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 490-500, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002348

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the relative risks (RRs) for dementia among individuals with glaucoma. @*Methods@#We conducted a search of PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane databases for observational cohort studies examining the association between glaucoma and dementia until March 2023. Two authors independently screened all titles and abstracts according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Pooled RR and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were generated using random-effect models. @*Results@#The meta-analysis included 18 cohort studies conducted in eight countries and involving 4,975,325 individuals. The pooled RR for the association between glaucoma and all-cause dementia was 1.314 (95% CI, 1.099–1.572; I2 = 95%). The pooled RRs for the associations of open-angle glaucoma with Alzheimer dementia and Parkinson disease were 1.287 (95% CI, 1.007–1.646; I2 = 96%) and 1.233 (95% CI, 0.677–2.243; I2 = 73%), respectively. The pooled RRs for the associations of angle-closure glaucoma with all-cause dementia and Alzheimer dementia were 0.978 (95% CI, 0.750–1.277; I2 = 17%) and 0.838 (95% CI, 0.421–1.669; I2 = 16%), respectively. No evidence of publication bias was detected in the Begg-Mazumdar adjusted rank correlation test (p = 0.47). @*Conclusions@#Based on current observational cohort studies, there is evidence supporting that glaucoma is a risk factor for dementia in the adult population.

2.
Journal of the Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health ; : 102-109, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001896

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study evaluated changes in growth and nutritional status using the first basic and the second repeated surveys on children from North Korean refugee families who settled in South Korea. @*Methods@#A total of 337 children were included in the survey. Using a structured questionnaire, the data collected included sex, date of birth, country of birth, date of entry to South Korea, and birth parents’nationality. The prevalence of stunting, underweight, wasting, and obesity were evaluated using the 2017 Korean National Growth Chart for Children and Adolescents. @*Results@#The prevalence of stunting decreased from 7.9% in the first survey to 6.9% in the second survey; that of underweight decreased from 6.0% to 4.7%; and that of wasting decreased from 6.3% to 3.5%; however, these changes were not statistically significant. The prevalence of obesity significantly increased from 8.0% to 13.2% in the first and second surveys, respectively (p=0.037). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of malnutrition according to the length of stay in South Korea or the children’s country of birth. However, the prevalence of obesity was significantly higher in children with longer lengths of stay and in those born in South Korea. @*Conclusion@#Although children from North Korean refugee families have settled in South Korea for a long time, the rate of malnutrition is still high, and the prevalence of obesity continuously increases.

3.
Journal of the Korean Dysphagia Society ; (2): 77-106, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001658

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Dysphagia is a common clinical condition characterized by difficulty in swallowing. It is sub-classified into oropharyngeal dysphagia, which refers to problems in the mouth and pharynx, and esophageal dysphagia, which refers to problems in the esophageal body and esophagogastric junction. Dysphagia can have a significant negative impact one’s physical health and quality of life as its severity increases. Therefore, proper assessment and management of dysphagia are critical for improving swallowing function and preventing complications. Thus a guideline was developed to provide evidence-based recommendations for assessment and management in patients with dysphagia. @*Methods@#Nineteen key questions on dysphagia were developed. These questions dealt with various aspects of problems related to dysphagia, including assessment, management, and complications. A literature search for relevant articles was conducted using Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and one domestic database of KoreaMed, until April 2021. The level of evidence and recommendation grade were established according to the Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology. @*Results@#Early screening and assessment of videofluoroscopic swallowing were recommended for assessing the presence of dysphagia. Therapeutic methods, such as tongue and pharyngeal muscle strengthening exercises and neuromuscular electrical stimulation with swallowing therapy, were effective in improving swallowing function and quality of life in patients with dysphagia. Nutritional intervention and an oral care program were also recommended. @*Conclusion@#This guideline presents recommendations for the assessment and management of patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia, including rehabilitative strategies.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e344-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001215

ABSTRACT

Background@#Subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a higher risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) than individuals without COPD; however, longitudinal evidence is lacking. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the risk of IHD between COPD and control cohorts using a longitudinal nationwide database. @*Methods@#We used 2009–2017 data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC). Adult participants at least 20 years of age who underwent health examinations and without a history of COPD or IHD were included (n = 540,976). Participants were followed from January 1, 2009, until death, development of IHD, or December 31, 2019, whichever came first. @*Results@#At baseline, there were 3,421 participants with incident COPD and 537,555 participants without COPD. During a median of 8.0 years (5.3–9.1 years) of follow-up, 2.51% of the participants with COPD (n = 86) and 0.77% of the participants without COPD (n = 4,128) developed IHD, with an incidence of 52.24 and 10.91 per 10,000 person-years, respectively. Participants with COPD had a higher risk of IHD (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.55;95% confidence interval, 1.25–1.93) than subjects without COPD. Demographics such as age, sex, body mass index, and personal health behaviors including smoking status and physical activity did not show significant interaction with the relationship between COPD and IHD (P for interaction > 0.05 for all). @*Conclusion@#The results indicate that COPD is associated with the development of IHD independent of demographic characteristics and health-related behaviors. Based on these results, clinicians should closely monitor the onset of IHD in subjects with COPD.

5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e157-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001116

ABSTRACT

Background@#We aimed to evaluate the nationwide trend of the prevalence of frailty in older adults in Korea from 2008 to 2020 to inform future geriatric healthcare policies. @*Methods@#The study used data of individuals aged 65 years and older from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationwide repeated cross-sectional survey.Frailty was defined using frailty index, classified as non-frail (frailty index ≤ 0.15), pre-frail (0.15 0.25). @*Results@#The study included 17,784 individuals, with the mean age of 72.4 and mean frailty index of 0.2. The prevalence of frailty in older adults in South Korea decreased significantly from 2008 (41.1%) to 2020 (23.1%). The decrease in the frailty index was observed in all age groups (all P < 0.05). As components of frailty index, we found that certain comorbidities, such as dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease, have increased over time, while factors such as chewing difficulty, activity limitation, and smoking, have decreased. @*Conclusion@#The prevalence of frailty in older adults in South Korea has decreased significantly during the study period. Historical improvements in healthcare access and preventive measures may have contributed to this trend.

6.
Journal of the Korean Dysphagia Society ; (2): 48-53, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967761

ABSTRACT

Premature infants often face oral feeding problems. The videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) is a commonly used method to detect subglottic aspiration. However, there is no consensus to date regarding the association of aspiration observed on VFSS and incidence of aspiration pneumonia in preterm infants. This study investigated the occurrence of aspiration pneumonia in preterm infants on oral feeds after aspiration has been confirmed by VFSS. This study included 50 preterm infants who had undergone VFSS. Among them, 13 patients with no aspiration, two patients who were lost to follow-up, and nine patients with massive aspiration were excluded from the analysis. In VFSS, the frequency and amount of aspiration, nasal penetration, suck-swallow ratio, and sucking power were assessed. We analyzed 26 patients with aspiration confirmed on VFSS but who had initiated oral feeding. The frequency of aspiration (percentage of the number of aspirations to the total number of swallowing) was 10.22±3.62 (%). The mean amount of aspiration was 2.28±1.02 (%). One preterm infant, born with very low-birthweight developed aspiration pneumonia 10days after the initiation of full oral feeding. He was diagnosed with respiratory distress syndrome and had weak sucking power. In the absence of massive aspiration, most infants with aspiration confirmed on VFSS tolerated oral feeding, especially when oral feeding was partially initiated.

7.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 35-38, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967368

ABSTRACT

Intramuscular myxoma is a rare benign myxoid tumor that is difficult to differentiate from other benign soft tissue tumors and sarcoma, and as a result, intramuscular myxoma is commonly misdiagnosed as another type of soft tissue tumor. Accordingly, awareness of the existence of this condition is a fundamental requirement for treatment decision-making. Furthermore, although intramuscular myxoma appears grossly to be well-circumscribed, it can infiltrate adjacent soft tissue microscopically. Tumor resection is the recommended treatment, but appropriate surgical margin sizes remain controversial. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first South Korean report to be issued on the treatment of intramuscular myxoma of the foot.

8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 188-196, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980996

ABSTRACT

Renal outer medullary potassium (ROMK) channel is an important K+ excretion channel in the body, and K+ secreted by the ROMK channels is most or all source of urinary potassium. Previous studies focused on the ROMK channels of thick ascending limb (TAL) and collecting duct (CD), while there were few studies on the involvement of ROMK channels of the late distal convoluted tubule (DCT2) in K+ excretion. The purpose of the present study was mainly to record the ROMK channels current in renal DCT2 and observe the effect of high potassium diet on the ROMK channels by using single channel and whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. The results showed that a small conductance channel current with a conductance of 39 pS could be recorded in the apical membrane of renal DCT2, and it could be blocked by Tertiapin-Q (TPNQ), a ROMK channel inhibitor. The high potassium diet significantly increased the probability of ROMK channel current occurrence in the apical membrane of renal DCT2, and enhanced the activity of ROMK channel, compared to normal potassium diet (P < 0.01). Western blot results also demonstrated that the high potassium diet significantly up-regulated the protein expression levels of ROMK channels and epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), and down-regulated the protein expression level of Na+-Cl- cotransporter (NCC). Moreover, the high potassium diet significantly increased urinary potassium excretion. These results suggest that the high potassium diet may activate the ROMK channels in the apical membrane of renal DCT2 and increase the urinary potassium excretion by up-regulating the expression of renal ROMK channels.


Subject(s)
Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying/metabolism , Kidney Tubules, Distal/metabolism , Potassium/metabolism , Epithelial Sodium Channels/metabolism , Diet
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 739-753, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971721

ABSTRACT

Hepatic cholesterol accumulation is an important contributor to hypercholesterolemia, which results in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) is a key lipogenic enzyme that converts cytosolic citrate derived from tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) to acetyl-CoA in the cytoplasm. Therefore, ACLY represents a link between mitochondria oxidative phosphorylation and cytosolic de novo lipogenesis. In this study, we developed the small molecule 326E with an enedioic acid structural moiety as a novel ACLY inhibitor, and its CoA-conjugated form 326E-CoA inhibited ACLY activity with an IC50 = 5.31 ± 1.2 μmol/L in vitro. 326E treatment reduced de novo lipogenesis, and increased cholesterol efflux in vitro and in vivo. 326E was rapidly absorbed after oral administration, exhibited a higher blood exposure than that of the approved ACLY inhibitor bempedoic acid (BA) used for hypercholesterolemia. Chronic 326E treatment in hamsters and rhesus monkeys resulted in remarkable improvement of hyperlipidemia. Once daily oral administration of 326E for 24 weeks prevented the occurrence of atherosclerosis in ApoE-/- mice to a greater extent than that of BA treatment. Taken together, our data suggest that inhibition of ACLY by 326E represents a promising strategy for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.

10.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 330-333, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986794

ABSTRACT

Surgery is the primary treatment for esophageal cancer, but the postoperative complication rate remains high. Therefore, it is important to prevent and manage postoperative complications to improve prognosis. Common perioperative complications of esophageal cancer include anastomotic leakage, gastrointestinal tracheal fistula, chylothorax, and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. Respiratory and circulatory system complications, such as pulmonary infection, are also quite common. These surgery-related complications are independent risk factors for cardiopulmonary complications. Complications, such as long-term anastomotic stenosis, gastroesophageal reflux, and malnutrition are also common after esophageal cancer surgery. By effectively reducing postoperative complications, the morbidity and mortality of patients can be reduced, and their quality of life can be improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Esophagectomy/adverse effects , Digestive System Fistula/surgery , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 214-222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate left ventricular structural and functional abnormalities and vascular calcification in kidney transplant (KT) recipients, explore their influencing factors and examine the effects of mineral and bone disorders.Methods:From January 2017 to December 2019, retrospective analysis was performed for 292 KT recipients. Biochemical markers of bone metabolism, bone mineral density (BMD), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular diastolic function, coronary artery calcification (CAC) score and thoracic aortic calcification (TAC) score were assessed. Linear regression and binary Logistic regression analyses were employed for evaluating the influencing factors of cardiovascular parameters and the influence of abnormal mineral and bone metabolism.Results:Postoperative abnormalities in mineral and bone disorders were manifested mostly as hypercalcemia (8.9%, 26/292), hypophosphatemia (27.1%, 79/292), low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)vitD) (67.0%, 196/292), hyperparathyroidismhigh parathyroid hormone (PTH) (50.6%, 148/292), elevated bone turnover markers and bone loss rate of 25%-30%. The prevalence of LVH, LVEF<50%, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, high CAC score and high TAC score were 39.9%(116/292), 0%, 13.1%(38/292), 17.3%(50/292) and 39.9%(116/292) respectively. The results of multivariate analysis indicated that LVH was correlated positively with hypertension and serum calcium (Ca) (95% CI: 1.242-28.080, P=0.026; 95% CI: 1.714-277.584, P=0.018); LVEF was correlated positively with lumbar vertebrae BMD (95% CI: 0.000 1-0.005 5, P=0.041); Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction was correlated positively with age, diabetes and parathyroid hyperplasia/nodules (95% CI: 1.050-1.176, P<0.001; 95% CI: 2.118-43.813, P=0.003 and 95% CI: 1.419-9.103, P=0.007); High CAC score was correlated positively with recipient age and dialysis time (95% CI: 1.036-1.160, P=0.001; 95% CI: 1.009-1.041, P=0.002); High TAC score was correlated positively with age (95% CI: 1.095-1.215, P<0.001). Correlation analysis indicated that TAC was correlated positively with serum Ca ( r=0.233, P=0.003), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP)( r=0.325, P<0.001) and type Ⅰ collagen cross-linked N-terminal peptide (NTX)( r=0.204, P=0.011) and negatively with femoral neck BMD ( r=0.194, P=0.017). Conclusions:There is a high prevalence of left ventricular structural and functional abnormalities and vascular calcification. It is closely correlated with mineral and bone disorders.

12.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 346-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of macrophage polarization on pericyte-to-myofibroblast transition and renal allograft fibrosis after kidney transplantation(KT).Methods:Allograft tissues were harvestedfrom recipients with chronic allograft dysfunction(CGD)and normal kidney tissues.The expression and distribution of M1/M2 macrophages in kidney tissues were detected by routine and immunofluorescent staining; mRNA of CD68, CD206 and iNOS detected by polymerase chain reaction(PCR); Murine vascular pericytes subjected to TGF-β1 in vitro and the expressions of α-SMA and PDGFR-β in perivascular cells detected by immunoblotting and cellular fluorescence; The co-culturing models of vascular pericytes and M1/M2 macrophages were constructed.The expressions of α-SMA and PDGFR-β in pericytes were detected by immunoblotting, cellular fluorescence and PCR.Results:A marked infiltration of CD68+ iNOS+ M1 macrophages was present in allograft tissues of recipients with CGD while no obvious infiltration of CD68 + CD206 + was observed.The mRNA levels of CD68, iNOS and CD206 were significantly higher in CGD group than those in control group( P<0.05); In CGD allograft tissues, protein expressions of α-SMA and PDGFR-β spiked markedly( P<0.05)while cells with double staining of α-SMA and PDGFR-β were markedly infiltrated in interstitial area of CGD allograft.TGF-β1 could induce a marked elevation of PMT-related markers in a time-dependent manner( P<0.05); Immunoblotting and cellukar fluorescence indicated that M1 macrophages could promote the elevations of α-SMA and PDGFR-β in pericytes in vitro while M2 macrophages showed no effect on pericyte-to-myofibroblast transition in pericytes. Conclusions:M1 macrophage polarization may promote the formation of renal allograft interstitial fibrosis through promoting PMT.

13.
The Korean Journal of Orthodontics ; : 387-398, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968765

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Controlling the incisal inclination is fundamental in orthodontics. However, the relationship between the inclination prescription and its clinical outcome is not obvious, and the incisal inclination changes generated by different bracket prescriptions were investigated. @*Methods@#Twenty-eight nonextraction dental Class II patients (15 females, 13 males; mean age = 12.9) were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were treated using passive self-ligating fixed appliances with three inclination prescriptions for maxillary incisors (high, standard, low), and two for mandibular incisors (standard, low). Clinical outcomes were compared among different prescriptions, and regression analysis was used to explain the effects of bracket prescriptions and to understand the prescription selection criteria (α = 0.05). @*Results@#For maxillary central incisors, low and high prescriptions were related to linguoversion (p = 0.046) and labioversion (p = 0.005), respectively, while standard prescription maintained the initial dental inclination. Maxillary lateral incisors did not show significant changes. For mandibular incisors, low prescription led to linguoversion (p = 0.005 for central incisors, p = 0.010 for lateral incisors), while standard prescription led to labioversion (p = 0.045 for central incisors, p = 0.005 for lateral incisors). The factors affecting inclination changes were the imposed change and selected prescription, while prescription selection was influenced by the initial dental inclination and initial intercanine distance. @*Conclusions@#The direction of correction of incisal inclination can be controlled by choosing a certain prescription, but the final inclination may show limited consistency with it. The amount of imposed inclination change was the most relevant predictor of the clinical outcome.

14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 109-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936051

ABSTRACT

A greater controversy remains in clinical diagnosis and treatment of Siewert type II adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG), compared with Siewert type I and III AEG. In 2018, the first edition of Chinese Expert Consensus on the Surgical Treatment for Adenocarcinoma of Esophagogastric Junction was published in the Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. In the past few years, the advance in minimally invasive thoracoscopic surgery has been proven to reduce thoracic trauma in Siewert type II AEG. Meanwhile, distal thoracic esophagectomy can achieve more complete resection, and upper abdomen-right thoracic approach can ensure the mediastinal lymph node dissection and improve long-term survival. The concept and practice of endoscopic surgery and the comprehensive treatment also give new supplements to the treatment regimen of Siewert type II AEG. More clinical researches should be conducted to address the surgical residual safety and lymph node dissection issues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy , Lymph Node Excision , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Thoracic Surgery
15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 256-259,265, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of children with atopic dermatitis (AD) and the changes in serum levels of apolipoprotein A1 (Apo A1), 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and eosinophil derived neurotoxin (EDN).Methods:200 children with AD treated in Zhuzhou Central Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 were selected retrospectively as AD group and 100 healthy children as control group. The clinical characteristics of children with AD were analyzed, and the differences in serum Apo A1, 25 (OH)D and EDN levels between two groups were compared. The relationships between serum Apo A1, 25(OH)D, EDN levels and severity of AD were explored.Results:The male to female composition ratio of 200 AD patients was 1.41∶1, and the age of onset <3 months was the highest (64.50%). Inhalation allergens were detected in 118 cases (59.00%) and ingestion allergens in 82 cases (41.00%). The levels of Apo A1 and EDN in AD group were significantly higher than those in control group, while the level of 25(OH)D was significantly lower than that in control group ( P<0.05). With the aggravation of the disease, the serum Apo A1 and EDN levels in AD children increased gradually, while the serum 25(OH)D level decreased significantly (all P<0.05). Severity Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) was positively correlated with Apo A1 and EDN levels ( P<0.05), and was negatively correlated with 25(OH)D level (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Apo A1, 25 (OH)D and EDN are involved in the pathogenesis of AD in children, and their serum levels are closely related to the severity of AD.

16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 110-116, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927586

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is one of the strongest risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, cerebral stroke, and kidney failure. Lifestyle and nutrition are important factors that modulate blood pressure. Hypertension can be controlled by increasing physical activity, decreasing alcohol and sodium intake, and stopping tobacco smoking. Chronic kidney disease patients often have increased blood pressure, which indicates that kidney is one of the major organs responsible for blood pressure homeostasis. The decrease of renal sodium reabsorption and increase of diuresis induced by high potassium intake is critical for the blood pressure reduction. The beneficial effect of a high potassium diet on hypertension could be explained by decreased salt reabsorption by sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCC) in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT). In DCT cells, NCC activity is controlled by with-no-lysine kinases (WNKs) and its down-stream target kinases, Ste20-related proline-alanine-rich kinase (SPAK) and oxidative stress-responsive 1 (OSR1). The kinase activity of WNKs is inhibited by intracellular chloride ([Cl-]i) and WNK4 is known to be the major WNK positively regulating NCC. Based on our previous studies, high potassium intake reduces the basolateral potassium conductance, decreases the negativity of DCT basolateral membrane (depolarization), and increases [Cl-]i. High [Cl-]i inhibits WNK4-SPAK/OSR1 pathway, and thereby decreases NCC phosphorylation. In this review, we discuss the role of DCT in the blood pressure regulation by dietary potassium intake, which is the mechanism that has been best dissected so far.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Diet , Kidney/metabolism , Kidney Tubules, Distal/metabolism , Phosphorylation , Potassium/pharmacology , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Solute Carrier Family 12, Member 3/metabolism
17.
Journal of the Korean Fracture Society ; : 26-30, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916065

ABSTRACT

Infective nonunion after fracture surgery can cause persistent pain and inflammatory exudate in patients, requiring long-term treatment. To treat infective nonunion, radical debridement of infective bone and soft tissue should be performed, followed by stable internal fixation and bone graft. Multiple treatment strategies need to be considered according to the classification of chronic osteomyelitis, size of the bone defect, degree of bone malalignment, and severity of the soft tissue injury. This paper reports a case of a patient treated with an antibiotic cement-coated nail and a Masquelet technique to treat the infected nonunion of the tibia with a bone defect and varus deformity.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1118-1126, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014955

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the effect of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1) on chemotherapy sensitivity and survival prognosis of patients with metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: A total of 153 patients with newly treated metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who were admitted to Suzhou Science and Technology City Hospital from June 2016 to February 2020 were included and administered with cisplatin combined with capecitabine chemotherapy. Before the first chemotherapy, 5 mL of venous blood was collected to extract DNA, and the TaqMan probe method was used to detect the genotypes of the BRCA1 gene rs8176318G/T, rs799917T/C and rs1799966T/C polymorphic loci. The objective response rate (ORR) and overall survival (OS) of different genotypes were analyzed. RESULTS: Rs799917T/C polymorphism was closely related to the chemosensitivity of metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The chemotherapy response rates of TT, TC and CC genotypes increased gradually (TT 22.5%, TC 38.6%, CC 55.3%, χ

19.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 36-45, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875079

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate changes in eye movement amplitude after conjunctival recession and conjunctivo-limbal autograft for treating recurrent pterygium with ocular motility restriction. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 18 eyes of 16 patients who had recurrent pterygium with ocular motility restriction, who had received conjuntivo-limbal autografts from January 2011 to December 2019 and who had been followed-up for more than 6 months. We evaluated changes in eye movement amplitude, best corrected visual acuity, uncorrected visual acuity, corneal astigmatism and keratometry, and recurrence and complication rates before and after surgery. @*Results@#The mean age of the patients was 63.9 ± 9.7 years. Eye movement amplitude increased significantly from 5.80 ± 1.70 mm preoperatively to 7.02 ± 1.37 mm postoperatively (p < 0.001). The mean UCVA increased from 0.67 ± 0.46 preoperatively to 0.36 ± 0.35 postoperatively (p < 0.001). The mean corneal astigmatism decreased from 3.51 diopters (D) preoperatively to 1.22 D postoperatively (p = 0.001). According to the power vector analysis, M and B were significantly reduced after the surgery, but the changes in J0 and J45 were not significant. No recurrence of pterygium was observed. @*Conclusions@#Eye movement amplitude for severe recurrent pterygium with symblepharon or ocular motility restriction quantitatively measured the range of ocular movement clinically and was applied to determine the severity of recurrent pterygium and predict the surgical outcome. Conjunctivo-limbal autograft for severe recurrent pterygium is thought to be a safe and effective surgical method because it solves the ocular motility restriction caused by adhesions and has low recurrence rates, although it requires the skilled experience and techniques of the operator and a long operation time.

20.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e3-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874750

ABSTRACT

Background@#To investigate the clinical and microbiological features of febrile patients with upper urinary tract calculi and factors that affect empirical antibiotic resistance. @*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 203 febrile patients hospitalized between January 2011 and December 2016 with antibiotic treatment for urinary tract infections and upper urinary tract calculi at three institutions. We collected and analyzed data, including patients' age, sex, body mass index, underlying diseases, stone-related factors, and the results of urine and blood culture examinations and antibiotic sensitivity tests. @*Results@#The male-to-female ratio was 1:2.3. Bacteria were identified in 152 of the 203 patients (74.9%). The most commonly cultured microorganisms included Escherichia coli (44.1%), followed by Enterococci spp. (11.8%), Proteus spp. (8.6%), Streptococcus agalactiae (6.6%), Klebsiella spp. (5.3%), Pseudomonas spp. (4.6%), coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (4.0%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (4.0%), Serratia spp. (2.6%), Enterobacter spp. (0.7%), Acinetobacter spp. (0.7%), and mixed infections (7.2%). Cultured bacterial species showed sex-specific differences. Multivariate analysis revealed that calculi's multiplicity was an independent predictive factor for quinolone resistance (P = 0.008). Recurrent infections were a significant predictor of cefotaxime resistance during multivariable analysis (P = 0.041). @*Conclusion@#Based on the present study results, quinolone was not recommended as the empirical treatment in febrile patients with upper urinary tract calculi. Combination antibiotic therapy is recommended in cases of recurrent infections due to the possible occurrence of cefotaxime resistance.

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