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1.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 27-41, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010752

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) possess a rich historical background, unique theoretical framework, remarkable therapeutic efficacy, and abundant resources. However, the modernization and internationalization of TCMs have faced significant obstacles due to their diverse ingredients and unknown mechanisms. To gain deeper insights into the phytochemicals and ensure the quality control of TCMs, there is an urgent need to enhance analytical techniques. Currently, two-dimensional (2D) chromatography, which incorporates two independent separation mechanisms, demonstrates superior separation capabilities compared to the traditional one-dimensional (1D) separation system when analyzing TCMs samples. Over the past decade, new techniques have been continuously developed to gain actionable insights from complex samples. This review presents the recent advancements in the application of multidimensional chromatography for the quality evaluation of TCMs, encompassing 2D-gas chromatography (GC), 2D-liquid chromatography (LC), as well as emerging three-dimensional (3D)-GC, 3D-LC, and their associated data-processing approaches. These studies highlight the promising potential of multidimensional chromatographic separation for future phytochemical analysis. Nevertheless, the increased separation capability has resulted in higher-order data sets and greater demands for data-processing tools. Considering that multidimensional chromatography is still a relatively nascent research field, further hardware enhancements and the implementation of chemometric methods are necessary to foster its robust development.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 258-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013852

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of long non-coding RNA(lncRNA)UNC5B-AS1 on the proliferation and epithelial mesenchymal transformation(EMT)of cervical cancer. Methods GEO and TCGA databases were used to download data sets and differential expression analysis was performed. qRT-PCR was used to verify the differential expression of lncRNA UNC5B-AS1 in normal and cancerous cervical tissues.The interference and overexpression of lncRNA UNC5B-AS1 were transfected into cervical cancer cell lines, and plate cloning, CCK-8 and EdU experiments were used to detect the effect of lncRNA UNC5B-AS1 on the pro-liferation of cervical cancer cells.Transwell assay was used to detect its effect on migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells.The expression levels of EMT-related genes E-Cadherin, N-Cadherin and Vimentin were detected by Western blot. Transcriptome sequencing was used to obtain the signal pathway regulated by lncRNA UNC5B-AS1, and to verify the expression level of related genes. Results RNA microarray and bioinformatics analysis showed that the expression level of lncRNA UNC5B-AS1 in cervical cancer was significantly higher than that in normal cervical tissue, and correlated with the overall survival time of patients.Compared with the negative control group, knockdown lncRNA UNC5B-AS1 could reduce the proliferation, migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells, while overexpression could promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells. Western blot showed that lncRNA UNC5B-AS1 could regulate EMT of cervical cancer cells. Transcriptome sequencing showed that lncRNA UNC5B-AS1 could regulate Toll like receptor(TLR)signaling pathway. qRT-PCR and Western blot results showed that the expression levels of TLR-related genes IL-6 and TICAM2 in the knockdown and overexpression lncRNA UNC5B-AS1 group were significantly changed(P<0.05). Conclusions LncRNA UNC5B-AS1 is highly expressed in cervical cancer. Overexpression of lncRNA UNC5B-AS1 may enhance TLR signaling pathway activity, thereby promoting proliferation and EMT of cervical cancer cells.

3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 903-917, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007799

ABSTRACT

Aging is a natural process accompanied with a progressive deterioration of cognitive functions. With an aging population, more and more elderly people are suffering from cognitive impairment. Previous studies have paid more attention to the impact of inflammation and oxidative stress on cognitive function during aging. Recently, it has been discovered that neurovascular coupling (NVC), a mechanism regulating cerebral blood flow, may play a significant role in aging-related cognitive impairment. NVC responses regulate the supply of energy substances and oxygen during brain activity, which in turn enhances cognitive function. However, as people grow older, NVC responses gradually weaken, which may be one of the mechanisms underlying aging-induced cognitive impairment. Given the important role of NVC responses in the brain, it is necessary to search for intervention methods that can improve NVC responses and promote cognitive function. Exercise is an effective means to delay aging and improve cognitive function. It also has a certain promoting effect on NVC responses. This article reviews the regulatory mechanisms of NVC responses, the relationship between NVC responses and cognitive function, and explores the effects of aging and exercise intervention on NVC responses, hoping to provide new research ideas for exercise intervention to improve NVC responses and promote cognitive function in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Neurovascular Coupling/physiology , Aging , Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology , Cognition , Brain
4.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 346-352, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004961

ABSTRACT

  Objective  To analyze the clinical characteristics of thyroid LCH to enhance understanding of the disease.  Methods  We retrospectively studied the clinical data from six thyroid LCH patients who hospitalized in Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from January 2015 to January 2022.We analyzed the ultrasound and 18F FDG-PET/CT imaging characteristics of thyroid LCH.  Results  The six patients diagnosed (2 males and 4 females) were between 18 and 58 years old.All patients had diabetes insipidus.MRI revealed thickened pituitary stalk.Two cases had central hypothyroidism, while four cases euthyroidism.Three cases tested positive for thyroid antibodies.Ultrasound showed thyroid nodules of TI-RADS 3 in three cases, TI-RADS 4 in two cases, and 1 with nodular goiter.Ultrasound showed that all sic cases indicated low echogenicity, 5 of which clear boundaries, 4 of which uneven echo distribution, 5 of which irregular shape, and noen has calcification.18F FDG-PET/CT indicated high uptake nodules with SUVmax values all above 10.4 cases were diagnosed by surgical excision and the other 2 by coarse-needle aspiration biopsy.When diagnosed, two cases had liver and thymus involvement respectively.One case had lung and bone involvement respectively.After treatment, 4 cases showed that nodular goiter shrank, while the other two with liver involvement progressed fast and no assessment made.  Conclusions  Thyroid LCH presented low echogenicity, clear boundaries, irregular shape, without calcification, and high uptake in 18F FDG-PET/CT.A definite diagnosis of pituitary stalk thicking accompanied by thyroid nodules, especially those with hypoechoic and irregular nodules, can be achieved by coarse-needle aspiration biopsy and langerin-specific pathological staining.

5.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 340-354, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000899

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Gastric cancer (GC) is the second most lethal cancer globally and is associated with poor prognosis. Fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) can regulate biological properties of carcinoma cells. FABP5 is overexpressed in many types of cancers; however, the role and mechanisms of action of FABP5 in GC remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and biological functions of FABP5 in GC. @*Materials and Methods@#We assessed FABP5 expression using immunohistochemical analysis in 79 patients with GC and evaluated its biological functions following in vitro and in vivo ectopic expression. FABP5 targets relevant to GC progression were determined using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). @*Results@#Elevated FABP5 expression was closely associated with poor outcomes, and ectopic expression of FABP5 promoted proliferation, invasion, migration, and carcinogenicity of GC cells, thus suggesting its potential tumor-promoting role in GC. Additionally, RNA-seq analysis indicated that FABP5 activates immune-related pathways, including cytokinecytokine receptor interaction pathways, interleukin-17 signaling, and tumor necrosis factor signaling, suggesting an important rationale for the possible development of therapies that combine FABP5-targeted drugs with immunotherapeutics. @*Conclusions@#These findings highlight the biological mechanisms and clinical implications of FABP5 in GC and suggest its potential as an adverse prognostic factor and/or therapeutic target.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 411-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965889

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the mediating effect of maternal emotional symptoms on maternal adverse experiences and children s emotional behavior problems, so as to provide a scientific basis for family intervention of children with emotional behavior problems.@*Methods@#A multi stage sampling method was used to select 12 kindergartens in 3 districts and counties of Wuhu City. The questionnaire star method was used to investigate the love of homosexuality in families and children, children s emotional behavior development questionnaire, mother s life experience questionnaire, mother s emotional symptoms questionnaire, etc. SPSS 23.0 software was used for general descriptive analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. GLS method was used to evaluate the mediating effect of maternal mental health level between maternal adverse experiences and childrens emotional and behavioral problems.@*Results@#The difficulty factor score in the Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire (SDQ) of preschool children in Wuhu City was (10.08±4.05) points, the abnormal detection rate of the total difficulty score was 6.6%, and the abnormal detection rate of prosocial behavior was 16.5%, the total score of mother s adverse experience was positively correlated with the total score of mother s SDQ difficulties and the scores of mother s depression, anxiety and stress symptoms. The total score of children s SDQ difficulties was positively correlated with the scores of mother s depression, anxiety and stress emotions( r=0.17-0.71, P < 0.01). The results of mediating effect analysis showed that the intermediate effect coefficients of maternal depression, anxiety, stress and other emotions between the total score of maternal adverse experience and the total score of children s SDQ difficulties were statistically significant( P <0.05), and the mediating effect accounted for 22.6%, 15.2% and 17.1% of the total effect, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The relationship between maternal adverse childhood experiences and children s emotional behavior problems was influenced by maternal emotional symptoms. Attention to mothers early life experience and mental health is beneficial to the prevention and control of children s emotional and behavioral problems.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3774-3785, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981510

ABSTRACT

In this study, the authors cloned a glycosyltransferase gene PpUGT2 from Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis with the ORF length of 1 773 bp and encoding 590 amino acids. The phylogenetic tree revealed that PpUGT2 belonged to the UGT80A subfamily and was named as UGT80A49 by the UDP-glycosyltransferase(UGT) Nomenclature Committee. The expression vector pET28a-PpUGT2 was constructed, and enzyme catalytic reaction in vitro was conducted via inducing protein expression and extraction. With UDP-glucose as sugar donor and diosgenin and pennogenin as substrates, the protein was found with the ability to catalyze the C-3 hydroxyl β-glycosylation of diosgenin and pennogenin. To further explore its catalytic characteristic, 15 substrates including steroids and triterpenes were selected and PpUGT2 showed its activity towards the C-17 position of sterol testosterone with UDP-glucose as sugar donor. Homology modelling and molecule docking of PpUGT2 with substrates predicted the key residues interacting with ligands. The re-levant residues of PpUGT2-ligand binding model were scanned to calculate the corresponding mutants, and the optimized mutants were obtained according to the changes in binding affinity of the ligand with protein and the surrounding residues within 5.0 Å of ligands, which had reference value for design of the mutants. This study laid a foundation for further exploring the biosynthetic pathway of polyphyllin as well as the structure of sterol glycosyltransferases.


Subject(s)
Ligands , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Sterols , Phylogeny , Ascomycota , Liliaceae/chemistry , Melanthiaceae , Diosgenin , Sugars , Glucose , Uridine Diphosphate
8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 433-442, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973340

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the application of telerehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) based on the theories and methods of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). MethodsLiteratures on the application of telerehabilitation in patients with CHD from databases of PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, and Wanfang data were retrieved from establishment to May 5th, 2022. Scoping review methods were used to analyze the intervention measures, evaluation methods and indicators, rehabilitation outcomes, and influencing factors on patients with CHD based on ICF. ResultsA total of 4 172 literatures were retrieved, and 15 of them from five countries were enrolled. They were almost published in journals on medical and public health, from 2015 to 2022. The main elements of telerehabilitation included nine items: the establishment of telerehabilitation group, the establishment of personal health profiles, physical activity, exercise monitoring, provision of relevant knowledge, communication and guidance from professionals, provision of psychological support, self-report and supervision and reminder of medical staff. According to the ICF framework, telerehabilitation promoted the function of patients with CHD mainly in body function (including b1 mental functions, b4 function of the cardiovascular, hematological, immunological and respiratory systems, b5 functions of the digestive, metabolic and endocrine systems, and b7 neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions) and activity and participation (including d2 general tasks and demands, d4 mobility, d7 interpersonal interactions and relationships, d8 major life areas, and d9 community, social and civic life). The factors affecting the activity and participation of patients with CHD contained environmental factors and personal factors, mainly including e1 products and technology, e3 support and relationships, e4 attitudes, and e5 service, systems and policies. ConclusionThis paper summarized nine items of telerehabilitation for patients with CHD, and analyzed the effects and related influencing factors of telerehabilitation on patients with CHD based on ICF.

9.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 429-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986044

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the functional somatic discomfort status, and to analyze the effect of job stress, hostile attribution bias and ego depletion on functional somatic discomfort in clinical nurses. Methods: In May 2019, 10 cities in Henan Province and Fujian Province were randomly selected as sampling cities. Using the stratified cluster sampling method, nurses of clinical nursing posts in 22 third class hospitals and 23 second class hospitals were selected as the research objects. The general information, job stress, hostile attribution bias, ego depletion and functional somatic discomfort of clinical nurses were investigated by self-designed general information questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, Social Information Processing-attribution Bias Questionnaire, Self-regulatory Fatigue Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-15. 1200 clinical nurses included, and a total of 1159 valid questionnaires were collected, the effective rate of questionnaire collection was 96.6%. The t test was used to compare the difference of the functional somatic discomfort scores of clinical nurses with different demographic characteristicst. The influence of job stress, hostile attribution bias and ego depletion on functional somatic discomfort of clinical nurses were analyzed with Bootstrap. Results: The functional somatic discomfort score of clinical nurses was (8.95±4.38), of which 859 (74.12%) had functional somatic discomfort symptom. The functional somatic discomfort score of clinical nurses aged 36-50 years old was higher than that of 19-35 years old, the functional somatic discomfort score of clinical nurses with service age ≥5 years was higher than that of <5 years, the functional somatic discomfort score of non-permanent clinical nurses was higher than that of permanent clinical nurses, the functional somatic discomfort score of clinical nurses in tertiary hospitals was higher than that of secondary hospitals, the functional somatic discomfort score of clinical nurses in surgical departments were higher than those in non-surgical departments, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Job stress affected functional somatic discomfort through the single mediating role of hostile attribution bias, the single mediating role of ego depletion, and the chain mediating role of hostile attribution bias and ego depletion (β=0.17, 95%CI: 0.10-0.20; β=0.16, 95%CI: 0.10-0.20; β=0.07, 95%CI: 0.03-0.10; P<0.05) . Conclusion: The functional somatic discomfort symptoms of clinical nurses are significant and varied among different age, working age, employment form, hospital grade and department groups. They are affected by work stress directly and through the separate mediating effect of hostile attribution bias and ego depletion, and the chain mediating effect of hostile attribution bias and ego depletion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Child, Preschool , Young Adult , Hostility , Occupational Stress/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tertiary Care Centers , Nurses
10.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 356-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985933

ABSTRACT

Standardisation and harmonisation of the detection of autoantibodies is important for the clinical application of autoantibodies. However, achieving complete standardisation is difficult and involves several challenges due to the complexity and particularity of autoantibody detection. Harmonisation is feasible and valued, but it involves all aspects and processes of autoantibody detection. Based on the consensus and practice of the clinical application of autoantibody detection in recent years, we discuss harmonisation in this review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Reference Standards
11.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 74-77, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959051

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of imported malaria epidemic from overseas in Wuhan, to explore the management mechanism of on-site cases, and to accumulate experience for the treatment of imported malaria in large cities after malaria elimination. Methods The epidemiological data on imported malaria from abroad during the period of malaria elimination (2010-2019) in Wuhan were collected. The gender, age and severe illness-related factors of the cases were analyzed. Based on the characteristics of the epidemic and the current situation of prevention and control, the content and experience of the “Municipal-District 24-7” case mechanism were discussed. Results The medical resources in Wuhan were the best in the central region, resulting in a large number of imported malaria cases, with a total of 474 cases reported from 2010 to 2019 (40.79% of the total number of cases in Hubei Province), including 359 cases of falciparum malaria, 36 severe cases and one death (the death rate was 0.28%). The patients were mainly young and middle-aged men aged 20 to 49 years old (97.26%). There were many referral cases (40.30%), and there was no seasonal clustering of cases reported. The undiagnosed proportion at the first visit was 44.85%, and the time of attack-diagnosis was 4 days or more in 61.00% of cases. The occurrence of severe cases was related to unconfirmed diagnosis at the first visit (χ2=35.46, P<0.001) and attack-diagnosis time (Z=-6.49, P<0.001). Conclusion Imported malaria occurs frequently in Wuhan, mainly falciparum malaria. However, “Municipal-District 24-7” case mechanism has effectively curbed the occurrence of severe and death cases and provided valuable experience for case management in similar cities in China.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1683-1688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987891

ABSTRACT

Ocular histiocytosis is a rare and heterogeneous group of disorders which can occur in children and adults. There is a great challenge in the diagnosis and treatment because of the atypical clinical and imaging manifestations. With insights into molecular mechanism of histiocytosis, the discovery of BRAFV600E mutations has changed the understanding of this disease and enabled targeted therapies in most patients. The gold standard of diagnosis has developed into histopathological biopsy combined with the testing for mutations. Surgery is not the only treatment for ocular histiocytosis and targeted therapy has become an effective treatment for patients with mutations in MAPK-ERK signal-regulated kinase pathway. However, the greatest challenge for ocular histiocytosis is establishing the early and correct diagnosis due to the diverse types and clinical manifestations. Therefore, this article reviews recent progress in diagnosing and treating ocular histiocytosis, summarizes their clinical and pathological features, and aims to improve the level of diagnosis and treatment among clinicians.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2069-2073, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) method based on a variety of internal reference substances for the content determination of 6 components in Jinlian qingre granules, such as mangiferin, 2″-O-β-L-galactopyranosylorientin, orientin, veratric acid, vitexin, harpagoside. METHODS The determination was performed on Agilent Eclipse Plus C18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid solution (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 1 mL/min. The column temperature was 30 ℃, and the detection wavelength was set at 270 nm. Taking orientin, vitexin and 2″-O-β-L-galactopyranosylorientin as internal references, the relative correction factors (RCF) of the other 5 components to be determined and internal substances were determined by QAMS. The contents of 6 components in 21 batches of Jinlian qingre granules were calculated and then compared with the results of the external standard method. RESULTS The contents of mangiferin, 2″-O-β-L-galactopyranosylorientin, orientin, veratric acid, vitexin and harpagoside in 21 batches of samples were determined by QAMS in the range of 0.234-0.516, 1.804-2.270, 2.143-2.606, 0.190-0.223, 0.594-0.782, 0.080-0.152 mg/g; the contents of them determined by external standard method were 0.235-0.523, 1.798-2.265, 2.137-2.599, 0.190-0.224, 0.597-0.786, 0.077-0.151 mg/g, respectively. The percentage difference between the results measured by the two methods should not exceed 4.00%. CONCLUSIONS QAMS has been constructed for the simultaneous determination of 6 components in Jinlian qingre granules based on a variety of internal reference substances. The results obtained by this method are not significantly different from those obtained by the external standard method, and can be used for the quality control of Jinlian qingre granules.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 334-338, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932334

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of a novel retrograde tibial nail (RTN) in the treatment of distal tibial fractures.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in the 11 patients with distal tibial fracture who had been admitted to Department of Traumatic Orthopedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Hengyang Medical School from July 2020 to July 2021. There were 5 male and 6 females, aged from 18 to 70 years (average 54.7 years). By the AO/OTA classification, there were 7 extra-articular distal fractures (3 cases of type 43-A1, 3 cases of type 43-A2 and one type 43-A3) and 4 intra-articular fractures (2 cases of type 43-C1 and 2 cases of type 43-C2); by the Gustilo classification, there were 7 closed fractures and 4 open fractures (2 cases of type I and 2 cases of type Ⅱ). All fractures were fixated with a novel RTN. Deformities like distal tibial varus and valgus as well as fracture-related complications were observed after operation while the curative effects evaluated by the ankle-hindfoot score of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS).Results:This cohort was followed up for an average of 7.4 months (from 5 to 12 months). All patients obtained clinical union and recovered daily life and work. Radiographic evaluation showed no distal tibial varus or valgus. There were no such complications as postoperative infection, exposure of bone and internal fixation, compartment syndrome, or neurovascular lesion. According to the ankle-hindfoot score of AOFAS, 7 cases were excellent and 4 cases good.Conclusion:This novel retrograde tibial nail may result in good efficacy in the treatment of distal tibial fracture, but its advantages still need further verification.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 651-656, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956840

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the distribution of 177Lu-FA-DOTA-PEG-PLGA nanoparticles in vivo, and evaluate the therapeutic effect of nanoparticles intraperitoneal injection on ovarian cancer peritoneal metastases and ascites. Methods:Nanoparticles were prepared and injected into human ovarian cancer xenograft nude mice model by tail vein. Micro-SPECT/CT imaging was performed at different times (4, 24, 72 h and 7 d) after injection to observe the distribution of nanoparticles in vivo. Nude mouse models of intraperitoneal metastases of human ovarian cancer were randomly divided into negative control group (normal saline), chemotherapy group (cisplatin 3 mg/kg, twice a week) and nanoparticle group (18.5 MBq), with 4 mice in each group. After 7 days, intraperitoneal tumor growth was evaluated by in vivo fluorescence imaging. The relative tumor inhibition rate was counted. Tumor cell apoptosis rate was detected by TUNEL method, and the proliferation activity tumor Ki67 was detected by immunohistochemical method. The ascites volume of each group was compared after treatment. Results:Micro-SPECT/CT imaging showed the radioactive uptake of the transplanted tumor, and the 24 h tumor muscle uptake ratio (T/M) was the highest, about 2.81±0.49. Intravital fluorescence imaging showed that, after intraperitoneal administration, the fluorescence intensity of abdominal tumor in particle group, chemotherapy group and control group was (1.45±0.19)×10 10, (2.21±0.36)×10 10 and (2.63±0.79)×10 10( F=6.09, P=0.029), respectively. The relative tumor growth inhibition (TGI) of the particle group and the chemotherapy group were 35.6% and 18.6%, respectively. The tumor cell apoptosis rates in particle group and chemotherapy group were higher than those in control group ( F=9.96, P=0.009). Ki67 indexes in particle group and chemotherapy group were lower than those in control group ( F=9.93, P=0.013). The ascites volume in particle group and chemotherapy group were both smaller than those in control group ( F=13.43, P=0.006). Conclusions:177Lu-FA-DOTA-PEG-PLGA nanoparticles can be used for the targeted imaging of ovarian cancer. After intraperitoneal injection, nanoparticles show local retention, degradation and absorption and thus inhibit the growth of peritoneal metastases and ascites of ovarian cancer, which provides a new idea for the diagnosis and treatment of advanced ovarian cancer with peritoneal metastasis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 196-200, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935774

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide scientific evidence for early lung cancer screening, to analyze the incidence of pulmonary nodules among petroleum company staffs in Sichuan-Chongqing Area. Methods: In January 2021 , 6002 petroleum company staffs in Sichuan-Chongqing Area which scanned by low-dose spiral computed tomography (LDCT) of chest in medical examination center in 2020 were retrospectively collected as objects. Their imaging and clinical data were collected. χ(2) test was used to analyze the differences in the detection rates of lung nodules and suspected lung cancer nodules among workers in petroleum company staffs of different genders, ages and types of work. Results: Among the 6002 objects, 3853 (64.2%) were male and 2149 (35.8%) were female, with an average age of (47.25±12.13) years old. A total of 431 cases (7.2%) of pulmonary nodules and 57 cases (0.9%) of suspected lung cancer nodules were detected. 45 cases were followed up with surgical treatment, and 41 cases (91.1%) of lung cancer were diagnosed by postoperative pathology. There were significant differences in the detection rates of pulmonary nodules and suspected lung cancer nodules between different age groups (χ(2)=51.23, 18.81 , P<0.001). The detection rates of pulmonary nodules in the age groups 51-60 years old and ≥61 years old were higher than those in the age groups≤40 years old and 41-50 years old (P<0.05). The detection rate of suspected lung cancer nodules in the age group≥ 61 years old was higher than those in the age groups≤40 years old, 41-50 years old and 51-60 years old (P< 0.05) . And the detection rate of suspected lung cancer pulmonary nodules in oil workers was higher than that of ordinary workers (P<0.05) . Among female objects, the detection rate of pulmonary nodules in oil workers was higher than that in ordinary workers (χ(2)=8.09, P=0.004) . The detection rate of pulmonary nodules in oil workers aged ≥61 years old was higher than ordinary workers (χ(2)=37.94, P<0.001) . Among male objects, the detection rate of suspected lung cancer pulmonary nodules in oil workers was higher than that in ordinary workers (χ(2)=8.42, P=0.004) . The detection rates of suspected lung cancer pulmonary nodules in oil workers aged 51-60 years old and ≥61 years old groups were higher than those of ordinary workers (χ(2)=4.70, 8.74; P=0.030, 0.003) . Conclusion: LDCT is suitable for early lung cancer screening for petroleum company staffs. During the clinical screening process, LDCT should be used as a routine physical examination item for petroleum workers older than 51 years old.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mass Screening/methods , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/diagnostic imaging , Petroleum , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Spiral Computed
17.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 45-49, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935741

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influence mechanism of intrusive thoughts and ego depletion between effects of workplace violence on burnout sense in clinical nurses. Methods: In May 2019, 10 cities in Henan Province and Fujian Province were selected as sampling cities by the method of grabbing random balls. Using the stratified cluster sampling method, nurses in clinical nursing posts in 22 third class hospitals and 23 second class hospitals were selected as the research objects for a cross-sectional epidemiological survey, including 1200 nurses. A total of 1159 valid questionnaires were collected, and the effective rate was 96.6%. 1159 clinical nurses were investigated by workplace violence scale, event impact scale, self-regulation fatigue scale and job burnout scale. The items contained in the questionnaire were analyzed by exploratory factor analysis with Harman single factor test, and the demographic characteristics of nurses' workplace violence, invasive thinking, self loss and job burnout were compared and analyzed with s-n-k. Results: Those with less than 3 years of service, those with more than 3 years of aggressive thinking and self loss score, and those with less than 3 years of job burnout score; The score of job burnout of unmarried was lower than that of married; The scores of invasive thinking and self loss of non editors were higher than those of current editors; The scores of workplace violence, aggressive thinking, self loss and job burnout of clinical nurses in tertiary hospitals were higher than those in secondary hospitals; The score of job burnout of undergraduate and above is higher than that of junior college and below; The scores of workplace violence, aggressive thinking and self loss of clinical nurses in surgical departments were higher than those in non-surgical departments; The job burnout score of those aged 36 and above was higher than that of those aged <36, The difference was statistically significant (P< 0.05) . Aggressive thinking and self attrition played a mediating role between workplace violence and job burnout. Workplace violence affected job burnout through the single mediating role of aggressive thinking, the single mediating role of self attrition, and the chain mediating role of aggressive thinking self attrition (β=0.16、0.08、0.03, 95%CI: 0.251~0.190、0.121~0.028、0.050~0.012, P<0.05) . Conclusion: Workplace violence affects burnout sense through the independent mediating role of intrusive thoughts and ego depletion and the chain mediating role of intrusive thoughts and ego depletion in clinical nurses.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Burnout, Professional , Cross-Sectional Studies , Job Satisfaction , Nurses , Personnel Turnover , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workplace , Workplace Violence
18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 898-903, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014089

ABSTRACT

Aim To discuss the effect of miR-199/ SIRT1/MFN2 signaling pathway on the progression of NASH and its related mechanisms.Methods 45 BALB/e mice were randomly divided into normal group, high fat diet(HFD) group, total saponins of panax japonicas ( TSPJ ) low-dose group ( 15 mg • kg-1) and TSPJ high-dose group (45 mg • kg"1 ).Normal group was given normal diet, while HFD group, TSPJ low-dose and high-dose groups were given high-fat diet.The mice were intragastrioally given 15 and 45 mg 'kg"1 TSPJ (dissolved in saline) daily in TSPJ low-dose and high-dose groups, while those in other groups were intragastric ally given the same a- mount of saline daily.After seven months, they were sacrificed for serum collection and hepatic tissue col¬lection.Results HE staining showed that liver lipido¬sis and inflammation were obvious in HFD group.while liver lipidosis anrl inflammation were alleviated in TSPJ group.MFN2 and SIRT1 levels significantly de¬creased.TNF-a, 1L-1 p , SREBP, ChREBP levels sig¬nificantly increased in HFD group.After treated with TSPJ, SIRT1 and MFN2 levels were significantly up- regulated , while TNF-a, IL-ip, ChREBP and SREBP levels were significantly down-regulated.The Immuno¬fluorescence results showed that the fluorescence inten¬sity of MFN2 and SIR 11 increased in TSPJ low-dose and high-dose groups.At mRNA level, miR-199 had a negative regulatory relationship with SIRT1.Conclu¬sions TSPJ can alleviate NASH induced by high fat diet through miR-199/SIRTl/MFN2 signaling path¬way.

19.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 743-750, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956153

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the roles of the threat to self-moderator (intolerance of uncertainty) and the motivational moderator (meaning in life) in the relationship between triggering variables (thwarted belongingness and fear of negative evaluation) and outcome variables (suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior) based on the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior.Methods:A total of 1 325 university freshmen were investigated with the thwarted belongingness questionnaire, the brief fear of negative evaluation scale, the intolerance of uncertainty scale, the meaning in life questionnaire, the positive and negative suicide ideation inventory and the suicidal behaviors questionnaire-revised.SPSS 24.0 software was used for descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, Pearson correlation analysis, and moderating effect analysis. AMOS 20.0 software was used for mediating effect analysis. Results:(1) Female students had more fear of negative evaluation than males ((41.89±9.96), (40.31±10.68), t=2.03, P<0.05). Students from rural areas experienced more thwarted belongingness than students from urban areas ((23.83±8.87), (22.49±9.17), t=2.51, P<0.05). (2) Thwarted belongingness, fear of negative evaluation, and intolerance of uncertainty were positively related to suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior ( r=0.24-0.59, all P<0.001), while meaning in life was negatively related to suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior ( r=-0.43, r=-0.22, both P<0.001). (3) Suicidal ideation mediated the relationship between thwarted belongingness and suicidal behavior ( β=0.34, P<0.001) and mediated the relationship between fear of negative evaluation and suicidal behavior ( β=0.11, P<0.001). (4) Compared to the students with lower levels of intolerance of uncertainty, for those who had higher levels of intolerance of uncertainty, thwarted belongingness had a stronger predictive power on suicidal ideation ( β=0.27, P<0.001; β=0.41, P<0.001) and fear of negative evaluation also had a stronger predictive power on suicidal ideation ( β=0.08, P<0.001; β=0.14, P<0.001). Compared to the students with lower levels of meaning in life, for those who had higher levels of meaning in life, fear of negative evaluation had a weaker predictive power on suicidal ideation ( β=0.20, P<0.001; β=0.12, P<0.001). Conclusion:This study provides empirical evidence to the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior. Results indicate that effects of perceived stress from interpersonal relations on suicidal ideation are moderated by meaning in life and intolerance of uncertainty. Reducing the perceived stress from interpersonal relations, lessening the level of intolerable of uncertainty, and carrying out intervention programs aiming at meaning in life are potential intervention ways to reduce the suicide risks of university freshmen.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 114-128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930921

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the epidemiological characteristics, diagnosis, treat-ment and prognosis of gallbladder cancer in China from 2010 to 2017.Methods:The single disease retrospective registration cohort study was conducted. Based on the concept of the real world study, the clinicopathological data, from multicenter retrospective clinical data database of gallbladder cancer of Chinese Research Group of Gallbladder Cancer (CRGGC), of 6 159 patients with gallbladder cancer who were admitted to 42 hospitals from January 2010 to December 2017 were collected. Observation indicators: (1) case resources; (2) age and sex distribution; (3) diagnosis; (4) surgical treatment and prognosis; (5) multimodality therapy and prognosis. The follow-up data of the 42 hospitals were collected and analyzed by the CRGGC. The main outcome indicator was the overall survival time from date of operation for surgical patients or date of diagnosis for non-surgical patients to the end of outcome event or the last follow-up. Measurement data with normal distribu-tion were represented as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range), and com-parison between groups was conducted using the U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Univariate analysis was performed using the Logistic forced regression model, and variables with P<0.1 in the univariate analysis were included for multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Logistic stepwise regression model. The life table method was used to calculate survival rates and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves. Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Results:(1) Case resources: of the 42 hospitals, there were 35 class A of tertiary hospitals and 7 class B of tertiary hospitals, 16 hospitals with high admission of gallbladder cancer and 26 hospitals with low admission of gallbladder cancer, respectively. Geographical distribution of the 42 hospitals: there were 9 hospitals in central China, 5 hospitals in northeast China, 22 hospitals in eastern China and 6 hospitals in western China. Geographical distribution of the 6 159 patients: there were 2 154 cases(34.973%) from central China, 705 cases(11.447%) from northeast China, 1 969 cases(31.969%) from eastern China and 1 331 cases(21.611%) from western China. The total average number of cases undergoing diagnosis and treatment in hospitals of the 6 159 patients was 18.3±4.5 per year, in which the average number of cases undergoing diagnosis and treatment in hospitals of 4 974 patients(80.760%) from hospitals with high admission of gallbladder cancer was 38.8±8.9 per year and the average number of cases undergoing diagnosis and treatment in hospitals of 1 185 patients(19.240%) from hospitals with low admission of gallbladder cancer was 5.7±1.9 per year. (2) Age and sex distribution: the age of 6 159 patients diagnosed as gallbladder cancer was 64(56,71) years, in which the age of 2 247 male patients(36.483%) diagnosed as gallbladder cancer was 64(58,71)years and the age of 3 912 female patients(63.517%) diagnosed as gallbladder cancer was 63(55,71)years. The sex ratio of female to male was 1.74:1. Of 6 159 patients, 3 886 cases(63.095%) were diagnosed as gallbladder cancer at 56 to 75 years old. There was a significant difference on age at diagnosis between male and female patients ( Z=-3.99, P<0.001). (3) Diagnosis: of 6 159 patients, 2 503 cases(40.640%) were initially diagnosed as gallbladder cancer and 3 656 cases(59.360%) were initially diagnosed as non-gallbladder cancer. There were 2 110 patients(34.259%) not undergoing surgical treatment, of which 200 cases(9.479%) were initially diagnosed as gallbladder cancer and 1 910 cases(90.521%) were initially diagnosed as non-gallbladder cancer. There were 4 049 patients(65.741%) undergoing surgical treatment, of which 2 303 cases(56.878%) were initially diagnosed as gallbladder cancer and 1 746 cases(43.122%) were initial diagnosed as non-gallbladder cancer. Of the 1 746 patients who were initially diagnosed as non-gallbladder cancer, there were 774 cases(19.116%) diagnosed as gallbladder cancer during operation and 972 cases(24.006%) diagnosed as gallbladder cancer after operation. Of 6 159 patients, there were 2 521 cases(40.932%), 2 335 cases(37.912%) and 1 114 cases(18.087%) undergoing ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination before initial diagnosis, respec-tively, and there were 3 259 cases(52.914%), 3 172 cases(51.502%) and 4 016 cases(65.205%) undergoing serum carcinoembryonic antigen, CA19-9 or CA125 examination before initially diagnosis, respectively. One patient may underwent multiple examinations. Results of univariate analysis showed that geographical distribution of hospitals (eastern China or western China), age ≥72 years, gallbladder cancer annual admission of hospitals, whether undergoing ultrasound, CT, MRI, serum carcinoembryonic antigen, CA19-9 or CA125 examination before initially diagnosis were related factors influencing initial diagnosis of gallbladder cancer patients ( odds ratio=1.45, 1.98, 0.69, 0.68, 2.43, 0.41, 1.63, 0.41, 0.39, 0.42, 95% confidence interval as 1.21-1.74, 1.64-2.40, 0.59-0.80, 0.60-0.78, 2.19-2.70, 0.37-0.45, 1.43-1.86, 0.37-0.45, 0.35-0.43, 0.38-0.47, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that geographical distribution of hospitals (eastern China or western China), sex, age ≥72 years, gallbladder cancer annual admission of hospitals and cases undergoing ultrasound, CT, serum CA19-9 examination before initially diagnosis were indepen-dent influencing factors influencing initial diagnosis of gallbladder cancer patients ( odds ratio=1.36, 1.42, 0.89, 0.67, 1.85, 1.56, 1.57, 0.39, 95% confidence interval as 1.13-1.64, 1.16-1.73, 0.79-0.99, 0.57-0.78, 1.60-2.14, 1.38-1.77, 1.38-1.79, 0.35-0.43, P<0.05). (4) Surgical treatment and prognosis. Of the 4 049 patients undergoing surgical treatment, there were 2 447 cases(60.435%) with complete pathological staging data and follow-up data. Cases with pathological staging as stage 0, stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲa, stage Ⅲb, stage Ⅳa and stage Ⅳb were 85(3.474%), 201(8.214%), 71(2.902%), 890(36.371%), 382(15.611%), 33(1.348%) and 785(32.080%), respectively. The median follow-up time and median postoperative overall survival time of the 2 447 cases were 55.75 months (95% confidence interval as 52.78-58.35) and 23.46 months (95% confidence interval as 21.23-25.71), respectively. There was a significant difference in the overall survival between cases with pathological staging as stage 0, stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲa, stage Ⅲb, stage Ⅳa and stage Ⅳb ( χ2=512.47, P<0.001). Of the 4 049 patients undergoing surgical treatment, there were 2 988 cases(73.796%) with resectable tumor, 177 cases(4.371%) with unresectable tumor and 884 cases(21.833%) with tumor unassessable for resectabi-lity. Of the 2 988 cases with resectable tumor, there were 2 036 cases(68.139%) undergoing radical resection, 504 cases(16.867%) undergoing non-radical resection and 448 cases(14.994%) with operation unassessable for curative effect. Of the 2 447 cases with complete pathological staging data and follow-up data who underwent surgical treatment, there were 53 cases(2.166%) with unresectable tumor, 300 cases(12.260%) with resectable tumor and receiving non-radical resection, 1 441 cases(58.888%) with resectable tumor and receiving radical resection, 653 cases(26.686%) with resectable tumor and receiving operation unassessable for curative effect. There were 733 cases not undergoing surgical treatment with complete pathological staging data and follow-up data. There was a significant difference in the overall survival between cases not undergoing surgical treatment, cases undergoing surgical treatment for unresectable tumor, cases undergoing non-radical resection for resectable tumor and cases undergoing radical resection for resectable tumor ( χ2=121.04, P<0.001). (5) Multimodality therapy and prognosis: of 6 159 patients, there were 541 cases(8.784%) under-going postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and advanced chemotherapy, 76 cases(1.234%) under-going radiotherapy. There were 1 170 advanced gallbladder cancer (pathological staging ≥stage Ⅲa) patients undergoing radical resection, including 126 cases(10.769%) with post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy and 1 044 cases(89.231%) without postoperative adjuvant chemo-therapy. There was no significant difference in the overall survival between cases with post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy and cases without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy ( χ2=0.23, P=0.629). There were 658 patients with pathological staging as stage Ⅲa who underwent radical resection, including 66 cases(10.030%) with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and 592 cases(89.970%) without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. There was no significant difference in the overall survival between cases with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and cases without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy ( χ2=0.05, P=0.817). There were 512 patients with pathological staging ≥stage Ⅲb who underwent radical resection, including 60 cases(11.719%) with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and 452 cases(88.281%) without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. There was no significant difference in the overall survival between cases with postoperative adjuvant chemo-therapy and cases without post-operative adjuvant chemo-therapy ( χ2=1.50, P=0.220). Conclusions:There are more women than men with gallbladder cancer in China and more than half of patients are diagnosed at the age of 56 to 75 years. Cases undergoing ultrasound, CT, serum CA19-9 examination before initial diagnosis are independent influencing factors influencing initial diagnosis of gallbladder cancer patients. Preoperative resectability evaluation can improve the therapy strategy and patient prognosis. Adjuvant chemotherapy for gallbladder cancer is not standardized and in low proportion in China.

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