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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884488

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact on dose accuracy for the treatment planning by manually assigning accurate electron density for CT image-based tumor tissues and organs at risk.Methods:Twenty cases of retrospective postoperative cervical cancer radiotherapy plans were selected. The body electron density of the corresponding organs was derived from the ICRU 46 report and assigned in the treatment planning system (Monaco5.11, Sweden), including the bladder, rectum, intestine, kidney, spinal cord, femoral head, and ilium. The original plans were double-arc volumetric modulated arc therapy plan (360° VMAT), using Monte Carlo algorithm, the calculation grid was 0.3 cm × 0.3 cm × 0.3 cm, and the minimum subfield width was 0.6 cm. Keep the original plan fluence unchanged and recalculate the dose to generate a new plan. The two-dimensional dose distribution and dose-volume histogram (DVH) were used to compare the differences between the two plans. The difference was compared between the two group plans by using the dosimetry parameters and DVH two dimension curve.Results:For the planning of assigning bulk electron density (Plan RED), the deviation of the patient′s target dose parameters and the original plan (Plan ref) was <2%, and the average deviation of all target regions D2, D98, Dmean was < 0.7%, only 2 of the 180 data were between 2% and 3%. The average deviation of V20, V30, D1 cm 3, Dmean of the bladder, rectum, and small intestine, the original Plan ref was less than 0.6%, and 4 out of 240 data had values > 2%. Plan RED′s average hop count was 0.9% higher than Plan ref, and the total number of subfields remains unchanged. The planned dose generated by manually assigning the electron density in Plan RED was higher than that in Plan ref, but met the clinical requirements. The two-dimensional curves of the DVH diagram for targets and OARs almost completely overlapped, and there was no obvious difference in the dose distribution diagram of the same cross section. The statistical result of all parameters showed that the difference in planned dose parameters between the two groups was not statistically significant( P>0.05). Conclusions:The overall deviation of dose accuracy between Plan RED and Plan ref is <2%, which meets the clinical requirements and provides a reference for realizing MRI-only treatment planning.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of nosocomial infection and relative risk factors, and provide the basis for the management and control of nosocomial infection.Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted on all inpatients with nosocomial infection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from 0:00 to 24:00 on September 18, 2018.Results:There were 2 766 inpatients in the survey day, and the detection rate was 100%. The number of nosocomial infections was 57, with a current incidence rate of 2.06% (57/2 766), and the number of infections was 60, with a secondary incidence rate of 2.17% (60/2 766). The departments with the highest infection rates were neurosurgery department and intensive care units (ICU), which were 9.92% (13/131) and 9.38% (6/64) respectively. The lower respiratory tract at the infected site was the first, accounting for 50.00% (30/60). The main pathogens of nosocomial infection were gram-negative bacteria. The incidence of nosocomial infection was higher in patients with age ≥60 years ( χ2 value was 18.22 , P<0.001), ventilator( χ2 value was 37.84 , P<0.001), urinary tract intubation ( χ2 value was 180.57 , P<0.001), diabetic nephropathy ( χ2 value was 34.71 , P<0.001), and hemodialysis ( χ2 value was 368.60 , P<0.001) with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The focus should be on the prevention and treatment of lower respiratory tract infection inpatients in the intensive care unit of neurosurgery, and medic should develop preventive measures to avoid the occurrence of nosocomial infection according to the risk factors of patients with age ≥60 years, ventilator, urinary tract intubation, diabetic nephropathy, and hemodialysis to shorten hospital stay and costs.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882776

ABSTRACT

Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is caused by loss-of-function mutation(s) of the gene that encodes the tissue-nonspecific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). Its manifestations are variable, including impaired skeletal mineralization, altered calcium and phosphate metabolism, recurrent fractures, pain, impaired mobility, premature tooth loss, developmental delay, and seizures.There are different attempts for HPP.Asfotase alfa (Strensiq?), is a bone-targeted recombinant TNSALP which has shown significant improvements in morbidity and mortality in patients with perinatal and infantile hypophosphatasia, and it can improve growth, mobility function and quality of life.This enzyme replacement therapy has generally been well-tolerated, with most adverse reactions being mild-to-moderate in nature.This article reviews recent advances in the treatment of the disease.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 290-292, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882279

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the understanding of sporadic adult Burkitt lymphoma.Methods:The clinical data of a patient with sporadic adult Burkitt lymphoma who was admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College in August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literature was reviewed.Results:The patient visited the clinic mainly for abdominal pain and abdominal distension, and the disease progressed rapidly. The early pathological examination of an ileocecal mass showed B-cell lymphoma, which was treated with R-CHOP regimen chemotherapy, and the mass disappeared immediately. The patient's symptoms were slightly improved, but the ascites was not significantly improved. The diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma was confirmed by ascites test, and the treatment was adjusted to R-EPOCH regimen. The patient's condition was stable before the submission of this paper.Conclusion:Burkitt lymphoma is a highly aggressive malignancy, and cytological detection of serosal effusion is of important reference value in the diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To illustrate the effect of M1/M2 polarization of macrophages on gouty arthritis models induced with monosodium urate and reveal the molecular mechanism of total saponins from Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma to treat gouty arthritis. Method:A total of 72 male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal group, model group, total saponin group (160 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), celecoxib group (43.3 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 18 rats in each group. Gouty arthritis models were induced by injecting monosodium urate into ankle joints bilaterally. Histopathology changes of ankle joints were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. Immunohistochemistry method was used to detect the protein expression change of CD68, interleukin-4(IL-4), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>(TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>). Result:HE staining results showed that the inflammation of the model group was most obvious on the third day after modeling, and the disease was in the acute stage. On day 5, the inflammation was alleviated, and on day 8, the inflammation was still present but close to normal. The total saponin group and celecoxib group could improve the pathological changes of synovial tissue, and the effect of total saponin group was more obvious. Immunohistochemical results were as follows. Compared with the normal group. The expression of CD68 and iNOS in the model group increased on the 3rd,5th and 8th day of administration (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the total saponins group could reduce the expression of CD68 and iNOS (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01)on the 3rd day of administration, and significantly reduced them expression on the 5th and 8th days (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the normal group, IL-4 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> expression were increased in the model group when the drug was given for three days(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Total saponin group could enhance IL-4 expression(<italic>P</italic><0.05)and decreased the TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> expression(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with normal group, the expression of IL-4 in the model group decreased on the 5th and 8th day of administration (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the expression of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> in the model group decreased on the 5th day of administration(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the total saponins group could increase the expression of IL-4 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> at 5 d and 8 d after administration (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Total saponins from Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma has the potential effect to treat gouty arthritis by regulating M1/M2 polarization.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905840

ABSTRACT

Objective:To quickly analyze and identify the components in raw and wine-processed products of <italic>Polygonatum cyrtonema</italic> (PC) dried rhizomes by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), and then find out the differential components before and after processing. Method:The ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile as the mobile phase for gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.25 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Electrospray ionization was selected for collection and detection in positive and negative ion modes, and the data were analyzed by PeakView 1.2.0.3. According to the retention time, accurate relative molecular weight and fragmentation ion information provided by MS, and combined with the reference substance and literature, the components were identified. After normalized treatment, the MS data of each sample were analyzed with principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), and then the differential components before and after processing were screened according to the principle that variable importance in the projection (VIP) value was >1. Result:A total of 38 components were identified from raw and wine-processed products of PC dried rhizomes, including 15 steroidal saponins, 6 alkaloids, 3 flavonoids, 2 amino acids, 2 organic acids and 10 others. The results of PCA and OPLS-DA showed that there were significant differences in the contents of components in PC dried rhizomes before and after processing, and 16 differential components such as kingianoside Z, disporopsin and linoleic acid were screened. Conclusion:UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technique can accurately and comprehensively identify the components in PC dried rhizomes, these components are mainly steroidal saponins, flavonoids and alkaloids. It takes a great difference in the contents of components before and after processing, and transformation of the same category components is the main reason for the differences of raw and wine-processed products, which will provide reference for the researches on material basis and processing chemistry of PC dried rhizomes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) in evaluating dynamic balance function in stroke patients. Methods:From September, 2018 to November, 2019, 38 stroke hemiplegic patients of Brunnstrom IV and above who could walk independently were included. They completed SEBT by two testers; the anterior, posteromedial and posterolateral extension standardized distance of the affected leg support were recorded. One of the testers measured SEBT again the day after the next day. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated. The limits of stability on different directions were measured with active balancer EAB-100 (EAB) and tested with Timed 'Up & Go' Test (TUGT) by the third tester. The correlation of SEBT to EAB and TUGT was analyzed with Pearson correlation coefficient. Results:ICCs of three directions was 0.892 to 0.951 between testers, and 0.888 to 0.963 of test-retest. The standardized distance of three directions of SEBT correlated with the anterior and lateral stability limits of EAB (r = 0.479 to 0.671, P < 0.05), as well as TUGT (r = -0.557~-0.633, P < 0.05). Conclusion:SEBT is valid and reliable for evaluation of the dynamic balance for stroke patients of Brunnstrom IV and above who can walk independently.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905247

ABSTRACT

The evaluation of balance includes clinical observation, scales and instrumental measures. Functional Reach Test is simple and can be carried out in both standing and sitting, but the error of reading the measuring ruler is large, which results in new moving rulers and inertial sensors. The factors influencing the results of Functional Reach Test are moving strategy, age, moving efficiency, goal orientation, single or double arms, human characteristics, number of experiments and others. In the future, combination of electromyogram and inertia sensor can be used to discuss the variety of muscles and the changes of muscle strength, and more influence factors for the test are needed to research.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Kinesio taping on lower limb motor function in patients with hemiplegia at different stages of stroke. Methods:From August, 2015 to August, 2017, 60 patients at stages of Brunnstrom III (n = 30) and Brunnstrom IV (n = 30) were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and treatment group (n = 15). All the patients received comprehensive rehabilitation training, while the treatment group taped Kinesio taping in the lower extremities, for four weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremity (FMA-LE), Time 'Up & Go' Test (TUGT) and gait analysis before and after treatment. Results:The results of all the measurements improved after treatment in all the groups (P < 0.001). For the patients at Brunnstrom IV, FMA-LE score and walking speed improved more in the treatment group than in the control group after treatment (P < 0.01); for those at Brunnstrom III, FMA-LE score, walking speed, TUGT time, hip extension angle and gait symmetry improved more in the treatment group than in the control group after treatment (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Kinesio taping is effective on the lower limb motor function for patients with hemiplegia after stroke, especially for patients at Brunnstrom III.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905194

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of placing drainage or not on rapid rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods:From January, 2018 to September, 2020, 80 patients with knee osteoarthritis who underwent primary TKA in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively, and they were divided into groups A and B, with 40 cases in each group. Drainage was placed routinely in group A and not in group B. The postoperative serum inflammatory factors, postoperative pain score, postoperative complication rate, postoperative time out of bed, hospital stay, knee function score, range of motion of knee and World Health Organization Quality Of Life-abbreviated version score (WHOQOL-BREF) were compared between two groups. Results:There was no significant difference in the levels of C-reactive protein between two groups on the 1st to 3rd day after operation (t < 0.410, P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in Visual Analogue Score between two groups from 12 h to 48 h after operation (t < 0.300, P > 0.05). The incidences of postoperative complications were 5.0% in group A and 2.5% in group B, with no significant difference between two groups (χ2 = 0.346, P > 0.05). The time of getting out of bed and hospital stay was significantly shorter in group B than in group A (t > 4.863, P < 0.001). The scores of knee joint function, range of motion of knee and WHOQOL-BREF significantly increased after operation in both groups (t > 6.099, P < 0.001), however, there was no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion:Placement or non-placement of drainage after primary TKA does not affect postoperative complications, knee joint function and quality of life of patients with knee osteoarthritis, however, non-placement of drainage can promote postoperative recovery and discharge.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Flexi-bar on nonspecific low back pain. Methods:From June, 2020 to January, 2021, 30 patients with nonspecific low back pain were enrolled. Firstly, all the patients performed core stabilization exercise (supine bridge, curl-up and four-point support) using Flexi-bar or not, respectively. And the difference of electromyography (EMG) root mean square (RMS) value of transversus abdominis and multifidus was observed. Secondly, they were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and experimental group (n = 15). The control group performed core stabilization exercise, and the experimental group received Flexi-bar training in addition, 30 minutes a time, three times a week, for six weeks. They were evaluated with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and measured the thickness of transversus abdominis and the area of multifidus before and after training. Results:Firstly, there was significant difference in RMS of transversus abdominis and multifidus between using Flexi-bar or not (|t| > 2.468, P < 0.05), except the RMS of transversus in supine bridge (|t| < 2.029, P > 0.05). Secondly, before training, there was no significant difference between the control group and the experimental group (|t| < 1.944, P > 0.05); after training, the scores of VAS and ODI significantly decreased (|t| > 6.808, P < 0.001), the thickness of transversus abdominis and the area of multifidus significantly increased (|t| > 5.937, P < 0.001), and all the indexes were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.411, P < 0.05), except the thickness of transverse abdominis (t = -1.431, P > 0.05). Conclusion:Flexi-bar could facilitate to reduce pain and improve the function of patients with nonspecific low back pain.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905143

ABSTRACT

Conclusion:The clinical assessment and classification of scapular dyskinesis had been summarized. Scapular dyskinesis is mainly secondary to rotator cuff injury, subacromial impingement syndrome, glenohumeral instability, injury of acromioclavicular joint, throwing shoulder and adhesive capsulitis, etc. Scapular exercise may be a supplement to routine rehabilitation management. Objective:To review the pathogeny, clinical assessment and classification, and rehabilitation management of scapular dyskinesis. Results and Methods:The literatures in recent ten years were reviewed and summarized.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903958

ABSTRACT

Bladder cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Most gene mutations related to bladder cancer are dominantly acquired gene mutations and are not inherited. Previous comparative transcriptome analysis of urinary bladder cancer and control samples has revealed a set of genes that may play a role in tumor progression. Here we set out to investigate further the expression of two candidate genes, centromere protein U (CENPU) and mitochondrial ribosomal protein s28 (MRPS28) to better understand their role in bladder cancer pathogenesis. Our results confirmed that CENPU is up-regulated in human bladder cancer tissues at mRNA and protein levels. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function studies in T24 human urinary bladder cancer cell line revealed a hierarchical relationship between CENPU and MRPS28 in the regulation of cell viability, migration and invasion activity. CENPU expression was also up-regulated in in vivo nude mice xenograft model of bladder cancer and mice overexpressing CENPU had significantly higher tumor volume. In summary, our findings identify CENPU and MRPS28 in the molecular pathogenesis of bladder cancer and suggest that CENPU enhances the progression of bladder cancer by promoting MRPS28 expression.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912033

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on non-organic insomnia using college students.Methods:A total of 72 college students with non-organic insomnia were recruited and randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 36, according to a random number table. The observation group was given rTMS treatment on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex at 1Hz and an intensity 130% of the resting motor threshold for 20min once daily, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. The control group was given sham magnetic stimulation. Depression, anxiety, sleep status and cognitive functioning were quantified before and after the treatment.Results:After 4 weeks of treatment, significant improvement was observed in the treatment group (though not in the control group) in total Pittsburgh sleep quality index scores, and in all of its dimensions except hypnotic medicine. The average Hamilton depression and anxiety scale scores of both groups had improved significantly after the intervention, but the improvement was significantly greater in the treated group. Significant improvement was also observed in the average visual space and executive function score, attention score, delayed memory score and total score of the observation group using the Montreal cognitive assessment compared with before the treatment and compared with the control group.Conclusions:Repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation can improve the sleep quality, emotional state and cognitive functioning of college students with non-organic insomnia.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911769

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of 86 juvenile cases of periorbital cellulitis treated in the Lianyungang Hospital from March 2010 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 72 cases of pre-orbital septal infection (44 males, aged 0.5-11.0 years) and 14 cases of post-orbital septal infection (9 males, aged 2.0-17.0 years). The age of pre-orbital septal infection [(6.14±2.18)years] was higher than that of pre-orbital [(3.71±2.83) years, P<0.05]. Sinusitis was the main cause of periorbital cellulitis in juvenile, accounting for 62.8%. All patients showed local symptoms such as eyelid redness, swelling and tenderness; 9 patients with post-orbital cellulitis were accompanied by limited eye movement and exophthalmos. CT scan was performed in all 86 patients and showed that the normal interface of anterior orbital septal space was disappeared and the density of orbital soft tissue was increased; the ocular compression and displacement were observed in 12 patients with post-orbital septal cellulitis. MRI was performed in 7 patients with post-orbital infection and showed that the orbital fat space was blurred, and the long T1 and T2 signals of orbital circumference were observed. Laboratory tests showed the increase of leukocyte count (WBC) and C-reactive protein (CRP); compared to pre-orbital septal infection there was a tendency of higher WBC and CRP in post-orbital infection patients, but the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). Blood culture was carried out in 69 patients. 5 pathogenic bacteria in post-orbital septal infection patients were isolated, including S. aureus in 4 cases and H. influenzae in 1 case. All patients were treated with local antibiotic eye drops combined with intravenous antibiotics; incision drainage was performed in 1 case and ultrasound-guided needle puncture drainage in 3 cases. All the patients were cured. It is suggested that there are differences in age and clinical manifestations between patients with pre-orbital septal infection and post-orbital septal infection. CT and MRI are important for the differential diagnosis of them. Local eye drops of antibiotics combined with intravenous infusion are mainly used for treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1353-1356, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911017

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the association between the Charlson Comorbidity Index(CCI)and the risk of early in-hospital death in cerebral hemorrhage inpatients.Methods:Basic personal and medical information about sex, age, surgery, frequency of hospitalization, days of hospitalization, and ICD-10 diagnosis code was collected for intracerebral hemorrhage patients aged 60 or above admitted to a tertiary general hospital from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019.The CCI score was calculated based on diagnoses at the time of discharge.Using the CCI score as the dependent variable and in-hospital death as the independent variable, univariate and multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the association between CCI and in-hospital death.The receiver operator characteristic curve(ROC)was used to assess the value of CCI in predicting death.Results:A total of 504 cerebral hemorrhage inpatients were included in the study, with an average age of 69.48±7.55 years, and 52 died during the period.Univariate Logistic regression showed that, compared with inpatients with CCI=3, the OR values(95% CI)for inpatients with CCI=4 and CCI≥5 were 2.145(1.056-4.355)and 4.769(2.168-10.494), respectively.Multiple Logistic regression showed that, compared with inpatients with CCI=3, the OR(95% CI)for inpatients with CCI≥5 was 4.453(1.474-13.456), The area under the ROC curve was 0.718, with 95% CI at 0.642-0.793( P<0.001). Conclusions:The CCI score was associated with the risk of early in-hospital death in elderly patients with cerebral hemorrhage and can be used to assess and predict the risk of early in-hospital death for these patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1048-1053, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910267

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigatethe relationship between right ventricular blood flow components and right ventricular function in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) by 4D-FLOW cardiovascular MR (4D-FLOW CMR).Methods:Thirty patients with PH were prospectively enrolled in this study. All patients underwent right heart catheterization to measure hemodynamics and CMR to measure right ventricular blood flow and right ventricular function within 1 week. The long-axis 4-chamber and contiguous short axis cineslices were acquired with balanced steady-state free precession sequence to calculate RV functional metrics including right ventricular end diastolic volume, end systolic volume, ejection fraction, stroke output and other functional parameters. Ventricular flow was acquired in sagittal direction, using a 3D retrospectively ECG-triggered, navigator-gated prototype sequence to analyze.RV function and flow parameters were correlated with Spearman correlation analysis.Results:Right ventricular percent of direction flow(RVPDF),percent of delayed eject flow (RVPDEF),percent of retained flow (RVPRI) and percent of residual volume(RVPRV) of PH patients measured with 4D-FLOW were 16.4%±9.2%, 16.1%±5.6%, 16.8%±6.1%, and 50.5%±12.3%, respectively. RVPDF negatively correlated with RVPRVo ( r=-0.703, P<0.001) while RVPDEF positively correlated with RVPRI( r=0.955, P<0.001). RVPDF was positively correlated with right ventricular stroke volume index (RVSVI)( r=0.38, P=0.041) and right ventricular eject fraction(RVEF)( r=0.69, P<0.001), and negatively correlated with right ventricular end systolic volume index(RVESVI)( r=-0.65, P<0.001) and right ventricular mass index(RVMI)( r=-0.45, P=0.004). RVPRVo was negatively correlated with RVEF( r=-0.58, P=0.007). The sum of RVPDF and RVPDEF (RVPDF+RVPDEF) was 35.2%±11.4%. RVEF correlated with RVPDF+RVPDEF ( r=0.825, P<0.001) and comparable to RVPDF+RVPDEF ( t=1.427, P=0.164). RVPDF was negatively correlated with pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) ( r=-0.52, P=0.007) while RVPRVo was positively correlated with PVR ( r=0.54, P=0.004). Conclusions:4D-FLOW CMR can be used to measure right ventricular ejection fraction in PH patients without respiratory control. In PH patients, the right ventricular direct blood flow was significantly decreased, while the residual blood flow was significantly increased. The right ventricular direct blood flow and residual blood flow were related to the right ventricular function and pulmonary vascular resistance, which were important parameters to evaluate the right ventricular function and afterload in PH.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909817

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Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients with cytomega-lovirus retinitis (CMVR).Methods:The basic information, clinical features, fundus manifestations, treatment and prognosis of AIDS patients complicated with CMVR from January 2016 to December 2019 in Chongqing Public Health Medical Center were collected. Logistic single factor regression and multivariate regression analysis were used to analyze the factors affecting the prognosis of patients.Results:A total of 73 AIDS patients with CMVR were enrolled, including 54 males and 19 females. They were (41.3±12.1) years old. The median of CD4 + T lymphocyte counts was 34.0/μL, and there were five cases (6.85%) with CD4 + T lymphocyte counts> 200.0/μL. Forty cases (54.79%) were positive for cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA in blood. Thirty-five patients (47.95%) were admitted with ocular symptoms, and monocular involvement was common (53.42%, 39/73). The results of ophthalmoscope showed that 41 cases (56.16%) had central lesions, 63 cases (86.30%) had exudative lesions and 52 (71.23%) had bleeding lesions. Sixty-seven patients were treated with anti-CMV therapy, and 46 patients were discharged with improved after treatment, and two patients were improved without treatment during follow-up. The median hospitalization time was 25 days. Logistic single factor regression analysis showed that the prognosis of patients with combination of anti-CMV drugs and dexamethasone was better than that of patients who were treated with anti-CMV drugs (sodium phosphonate or ganciclovir) alone (odds ratio ( OR)=0.308, P=0.038). Compared with patients aged <30 years old, the prognosis of patients aged> 50 years old was worse ( OR=14.667, P=0.009). The multivariate analysis showed that age>50 years old was the independent risk factor influencing the prognosis of CMVR ( OR=18.183, P=0.009). Conclusions:CMVR is frequently found in AIDS patients with low CD4 + T lymphocyte counts, but CMVR may still occur in patients with CD4 + T lymphocyte counts >200.0/μL. However, not all patients have positive CMV DNA results in blood. Therefore, it is necessary for AIDS patients to receive examination of ocular fundus. The overall prognosis of CMVR is good. Age>50 years old is an independent risk factor affecting prognosis. Appropriate use of dexamethasone combined with anti-CMV treatment can improve the prognosis.

19.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 400-405, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909766

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of hydroxysafflor yellow A(HSYA) preconditioning group on apoptosis induced by cold hypoxia/reoxygenation (cold H/R) injury in human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK2 cells).Methods:After digestion and passage, HK2 cell lines were divided into Sham group (control group), cold hypoxia and reoxygenation group (cold H/R group, cells cold hypoxia for 4 h, reoxygenation for 4 h), and HSYA preconditioning group (each HSYA subgroup was given different doses of HSYA 0.5 h before hypoxia, and the other operations were the same as the cold H/R group). The cell survival rate was measured by CCK-8 method.The expression of Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase-3 proteins in HK-2 cells were detected by immunocytochemistry and Western blotting.Results:(1) Compared with cold H/R group, different doses of HSYA could improve cell survival rate in different degrees, but only HSYA25 μmol/L group had the most significant effect (74.000±5.500 vs.59.000±3.800, P<0.05). (2) Immunocytochemistry semi-quantitative score: Compared with cold H/R group, the expression of Bax and Caspase-3 in HK2 cells of HSYA25 μmol/L group was significantly decreased(0(0, 1) vs. 8(6, 8), Z=2.041, P<0.05 and (3.400±0.548) vs.(7.800±1.095), t=11.000, P<0.01). The expression of Bcl-2 protein was increased significantly ((6.800±1.095) vs.(1.400±0.548), t=10.590, P<0.01). The ratio of Bcl-2/Bax increased significantly.(3)Western blot was used to detect protein: Compared with the cold H/R group, the protein levels of Bax, Cleaved-Caspase-3 and Pro-caspase-3 of HK2 cells in the HSYA25 μmol/L group were significantly decreased ((0.707±0.012) vs.(0.968±0.117), (0.480±0.009)vs.(0.735±0.005), (0.992±0.008)vs.(1.197±0.005), all P<0.01). The expression of Bcl-2 protein was significantly increased, and the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax was significantly increased ((0.410±0.009) vs.(0.273±0.008), (0.582±0.016) vs (0.282±0.080), all P<0.01). The experimental results were consistent with the immunocytochemistry. Conclusion:HSYA can effectively reduce the damage of HK2 cells after cold hypoxia and reoxygenation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909579

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Only limited number of drugs are currently available for treating ischemic stroke. Therapeu?tic angiogenesis has recently emerged as one of the most promising therapies for cerebral ischemic injury. Isopropyl-β-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-α-hydroxypropanoate (IDHP) is a metabolite derived from the botanical formulation for Dantonic?. Here, we investigated the angiogenic efficacy of IDHP in cerebral ischemia. METHODS The in vivo effects of IDHP were evaluated in the C57BL/6 mouse Matrigel plug and rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) models. Primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC) were used to explore the effects of IDHP on stimulating proliferation, migration and tube formation in vitro. ELISA and Western blotting were used to quantitate the release and expression of relevant target molecules and signaling path?ways. RESULTS IDHP reduced infarct volume and improved sensorimotor function in rats subjected to tMCAO by pro?moting angiogenesis, and promoted Matrigel neovascularization in mice. Moreover, IDHP produced a biphasic modula?tion on proliferation and migration both in HUVEC and HBMEC. It also induced tube formation in a 12-day HUVEC-HDF co-culture model and in Matrigel assays. IDHP-induced angiogenesis was accompanied by increased levels of p-AMPKα (Thr172) and p-eNOS (Ser1177) both in vitro and in vivo, and the decreased level of VEGF in rat brains on day 1 whereas enhanced level of VEGF on day 3 and 7 after tMCAO. Mechanistically, AMPK knockdown or pharmacologi?cally inhibiting AMPK and its upstream kinases (CaMKKβ) inhibited the eNOS phosphorylation induced by IDHP in HUVEC. Furthermore, selective eNOS inhibitor (L-NIO), selective CaMKKβ inhibitor (STO) and AMPKa inhibitor (Com?pound C) blocked the capillary-like tube formation in the co-culture model induced by IDHP (10 nmol · L-1). CONCLU?SION Collectively, these findings showed that IDHP protected rats from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by promot?ing angiogenesis via activating CaMKKβ/AMPK(Thr172)/eNOS(Ser1177) signaling, and suggest it to be a promising new drug candidate for the prevention and/or treatment of cerebral ischemia and other vascular occlusive diseases.

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