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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940380

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the regulatory effect of Xiao Qinglongtang and its ingredients on lung water transport-related proteins, and to explain the biological connotation of lung governing water movement, based on which the regulatory mechanism of Xiao Qinglongtang will be explored. MethodAccording to the composition rules of classical formula, Xiao Qinglongtang (11.22 g·kg-1), Guizhi Gancao (2.70 g·kg-1), Shaoyao Gancao (2.70 g·kg-1), Jiangxinwei (3.90 g·kg-1)and Banxia Muahuang (0.032 7 g·kg-1) were prepared. The pathological model of syndrome of cold fluid accumulated in lung of rats was established by the "coldness of body + drinking cold + cold bath" method, and Xiao Qinglongtang and its ingredients were administrated to intervene with the model rats. Lung function parameters of forced vital capacity (FVC), functional residual capacity (FRC), mean mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), inspiratory time (tI), and inspiratory time (tE) were determined by lung function analyzer. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the changes in pathological morphology. The expression of aquaporin (AQP)1, AQP5, epithelial sodium channel α subunit(α-ENaC) and Na+-K+-ATPase in lung tissues of rats, the content of tumor necrosis factor -α(TNF-α), the mRNA expression of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), protein kinase A (PKA) and cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB), and the protein expression of cAMP, PKA, CREB, and phosphorylated-CREB (p-CREB) were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and Western blot, respectively. ResultCompared with normal group, functions of FVC, FRC and MMEF in model group were significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the time of tI and tE was significantly prolonged (P<0.05,P<0.01). The content of TNF-α in lung tissue was significantly increased (P<0.01). The mRNA and protein expressions of cAMP, PKA and CREB in lung tissue were significantly decreased (P<0.01). The expression of AQP5 and α-ENAC in lung tissue decreased significantly. The alveolar cavity of rats was filled with edema fluid, surrounding tissue hyperemia, inflammatory cell infiltration, bronchial mucosa epithelial adhesion. Compared with model group, Xiao Qinglongtang and its fangyuan group could significantly enhance the FVC, FRC and MMEF functions of model rats (P<0.05,P<0.01), and tI and tE time were shortened (P<0.05,P<0.01). The content of TNF-α in lung tissues of Xiao Qinglongtang group, Guizhi Gancao group and Banxia Mahuang group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). The mRNA expressions of cAMP, PKA and CREB in Xiao Qinglongtang group were significantly up-regulated (P<0.01), and the mRNA expressions of cAMP and PKA in Guizhi Gancao, Jiangxinwei and Banxia Mahuang groups were significantly up-regulated (P<0.01). The protein expressions of cAMP, PKA and CREB in Xiao Qinglongtang group, Guizhi Gancao group, Jiangxinwei group and Banxia Mahuang group were significantly up-regulated (P<0.01), and the protein expression of CREB in Shaoyao Gancao group was significantly up-regulated(P<0.05). Xiao Qinglongtang could up-regulate the positive expression of AQP5 and α-ENAC, and Guizhi Gancao group could up-regulate the positive expression of α-ENAC. Xiao Qinglongtang and its fangyuan can reduce the lung edema, inflammatory cell infiltration and bronchial mucosal adhesion of model rats. ConclusionXiao Qinglongtang and its ingredients can reduce lung edema and inhibit inflammation by improving the expression of lung water transport-related proteins AQP1, AQP5, and α-ENaC through cAMP/PKA pathway, thereby restoring the lung functions in rats with syndrome of cold fluid accumulated in lung. Na+-K+-ATPase may play an auxiliary role in the regulation of lung water transport. This provides a certain objective basis for preliminarily elucidating the connotation of lung governing water movement from the perspective of lung water transport-related proteins.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 99-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935916

ABSTRACT

Covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the template for HBV replication. Currently, there is a lack of therapeutic drugs that directly target cccDNA. Therefore, blocking cccDNA supplements as fast as possible and reducing the existing cccDNA is the key to achieving a complete cure of chronic hepatitis B. Previous studies have suggested that cccDNA had a long half-life, but a recent study showed that it only took a few months to update cycle of cccDNA pool, and its number was much less than previously predicted. In the future, with the advent of new antiviral drugs that can completely inhibit HBV replication, it is expected that the cccDNA pool will be completely cleared due to its supplement complete blockade, so as to achieve virological cure of chronic hepatitis B.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Circular/genetics , DNA, Viral , Half-Life , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Virus Replication
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935903

ABSTRACT

Golgi protein 73 (GP73) is a transmembrane protein on the Golgi apparatus and can be cut and released into the blood. In recent years, an increasing number of clinical studies have shown that the elevated serum GP73 level is closely related to liver diseases. And thus GP73 is expected to be used as a new serum marker for assessing progress of chronic liver diseases. Herein, the clinical application of serum GP73 in chronic hepatitis, liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma with different etiologies was reviewed based on available literatures; and a research outlook in this field is made.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Golgi Apparatus , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Neoplasms
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931367

ABSTRACT

Introducing the multidisciplinary cooperation model into the clinical teaching of residents has gradually been paid attention to, and the relevant multi-disciplinary teaching teams participate in and formulate teaching plan. The Department of Urology of the Peking University Third Hospital carries out multidisciplinary cooperative teaching of residents based on network platform to improve residents' autonomous learning ability and teaching effect. This model has certain advantages in mobilizing students' subjective initiative and cultivating learning interest. It is of great significance for the training of urology residents.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927850

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects on cell proliferation and invasion of the circular RNA hsa_circ_0067582 in gastric cancer(GC). Methods After hsa_circ_0067582 overexpression (Oe-circ_0067582) plasmid was transfected into AGS and SGC-7901 cells,the cell viability,proliferation,invasion ability,and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8,colony formation and EdU assays,Transwell assay,and flow cytometry,respectively.Western blotting was employed to detect the expression levels of proteins related to the cell apoptosis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT).The effect of Oe-circ_0067582 on the growth of SGC-7901 cells in nude mice was observed.Bioinformatics tools were used to predict the binding target miRNA of hsa_circ_0067582,and the competing endogenous RNA(ceRNA)regulatory network was established.Finally,functional enrichment was performed to analyze the biological functions of the target genes of the predicted miRNA. Results Compared with the pLO-ciR(empty plasmid)group,the Oe-circ_0067582 group in AGS and SGC-7901 cells attenuated the cell viability(t=7.883,P=0.001;t=5.679,P=0.005),proliferation(t=6.709,P=0.003;t=5.857,P=0.003),and invasion ability(t=7.782,P=0.002;t=6.342,P=0.003)and induced cell apoptosis(t=7.225,P=0.002;t=11.509,P=0.001).Western blotting showed that the Oe-circ_0067582 group in AGS and SGC-7901 cells up-regulated the protein levels of cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (Caspase) 3(t=6.863,P=0.002;t=7.024,P=0.001),Caspase 7(t=3.295,P=0.04;t=6.008,P=0.004),Caspase 9(t=4.408,P=0.012;t=6.278,P=0.004),and E-cadherin(t=12.453,P=0.002;t=10.867,P=0.001),while down-regulated those of Vimentin(t=7.242,P=0.002;t=5.694,P=0.004)and N-cadherin(t=6.480,P=0.003;t=7.446,P=0.001).Furthermore,Oe-circ_0067582 significantly inhibited the growth of tumor in the SGC-7901 tumor-bearing nude mice(t=3.526,P=0.017).The prediction based on TargetScan and miRnada suggested that hsa_circ_0067582 can competitively bind to hsa-miR-181b-3p,hsa-miR-337-3p,hsa-miR-421,and hsa-miR-548d-3p.The functional enrichment indicated that the target genes of miRNA were involved in multiple cancer-related biological processes including negative regulation of apoptotic process,gene expression,transcriptional misregulation in cancer,transforming growth factor-β,and p53 signaling pathways. Conclusion Oe-circ_0067582 can inhibit the proliferation and attenuate EMT process to reduce the invasion ability of AGS and SGC-7901 cells,which provides a new target for the treatment of GC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Mice , Mice, Nude , RNA, Circular , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 4-14, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927576

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) refers to a clinical syndrome in which renal function declines rapidly in a short period of time caused by various pathological factors. During the development of AKI, renal tubules with the functions of reabsorption and excretion are prone to cell death due to external pathological stimuli, which is an important cause of impaired renal function. In recent years, a variety of new cell death pathways have been gradually recognized. Researchers have now found that regulated cell death (RCD), such as necroptosis, pyroptosis and ferroptosis, are important regulatory mechanisms of AKI. This article will summarize the research advances of various types of RCD involved in the process of AKI, aiming to deepen the understanding of AKI and provide innovative thoughts for the clinical treatment of AKI.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Cell Death , Humans , Kidney/metabolism , Necroptosis , Necrosis/pathology , Regulated Cell Death
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888783

ABSTRACT

A large number of protease inhibitors have been found from leeches, which are essential in various physiological and biological processes. In the curret study, a novel elastase inhibitor was purified and characterized from the leech of Hirudinaria manillensis, which was named HMEI-A. Primary structure analysis showed that HMEI-A belonged to a new family of proteins. HMEI-A exerted inhibitory effects on elastase and showed potent abilities to inhibit elastase with an inhibition constant (K


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Leeches/chemistry , Pancreatic Elastase/antagonists & inhibitors , Protease Inhibitors/pharmacology , Proteins
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909800

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a simple, precise and personalized comprehensive nomogram for prediction the risk of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and to evaluate its prediction value among individuals with previous tuberculosis history (PTBH).Methods:A matched case-control study (1∶2 ratios) was performed in 1 881 patients with PTBH treated in 12 designated tuberculosis hospitals in Hangzhou City between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2019, and there were 1 719 patients in training set, and 162 in validation set. A multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate independent predictors for the incident of MDR-TB in individuals with PTBH. A comprehensive nomogram was developed based on the multivariable Cox model. The accuracy of the prediction was assessed using concordance index (C-index), calibration curve and area under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The nomogram constructed based on the multivariable Cox regression model incorporated 10 independent predictors of the risk of MDR-TB. A history of direct contact (grade 1, 0-100.0 points) ranked on the top of all risk factors, followed by duration of positive sputum culture (grade 2, 0-84.5 points), unfavorable treatment outcome (grade 3, 0-52.0 points), human immunodeficiency virus infection (grade 4, 0-48.5 points), retreated tuberculosis history (grade 5, 0-40.0 points), non-standardized treatment regimens of retreated tuberculosis (grade 6, 0-32.5 points), duration of pulmonary cavities (grade 7, 0-31.0 points), passive mode of tuberculosis case finding (grade 8, 0-25.0 points), age<60 years (grade 9, 0-17.5 points), and standard frequencies of chest X-ray examination (grade 10, 0-14.0 points). The C-indexes of this nomogram for the training and validation sets were 0.833 (95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.807-0.859) and 0.871 (95% CI 0.773-0.969), respectively, indicating that the nomogram had good fitting effect. The calibration curves for the risk of incident MDR-TB showed an optimal agreement between nomogram prediction and actual observation in the training and validation sets, respectively.The areas under ROC curve of the 1-year, 5-year, and 10-year MDR-TB risk probability of the training set were 0.904, 0.921, and 0.908, respectively, and those of the validation set were 0.954, 0.970, and 0.919, respectively. Conclusion:Through this nomogram model, clinicians could precisely predict the risk of incident MDR-TB among individuals with PTBH in the clinical practice.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1400-1402, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887360

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate epidemiological features of genital Chlamydia trachomatis(Ct) infection among youth aged 15-24 years in Beijing, so as to provide scientific basis for developing control strategies.@*Methods@#Data regarding genital Ct infection among youth aged 15-24 years were collected from the disease surveillance information reporting system in Beijing between 2010 and 2019 and were analyzed with the descriptive epidemiological method.@*Results@#During 2010-2019, a total of 1 871 cases of Ct infection was reported, 1 287(68.79%) of the cases were female. The reported incidence rate of genital Ct infection increased from 3.16 per 100 000 in 2010 to 25.15 per 100 000 in 2019, with an average annual increasing rate of 25.92%( χ 2=836.86, P < 0.01 ). Increasing trends in the reported incidence were observed among males and females, females being higher than males in the year 2010 and 2012. The reported incidence rates increased annually in all age groups between 2010 and 2019, and the average annual rate of increase was highest in the group aged 15-19 years.@*Conclusion@#The reported rate of genital Ct infection showed an increasing trend among youth aged 15-24 years in Beijing, and increased rapidly among youth aged 15-24 years. More attention should be paid on sexual and reproductive health education among adolescents. Epidemic of genital Ct infection should be concerned, and its surveillance need to be improved.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883612

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the management efficiency of standardized residency training for rehabilitation medicine and ensure the quality of training for trainees, we have conducted a precise management exploration of standardized residency training for rehabilitation medicine residents based on mobile phone platforms. An highly efficient and precise rehabilitation medicine residents training system has been constructed by applying some widely used APPs and network functions in China, such as WeChat, Sojump, Teachermate, Ding Talk, etc. With the mobile phone WeChat as the medium, the management framework of the residency training base has been built. The student information input, assessment, evaluation and feedback system have been completed through the questionnaire star as the medium. The Internet extension of teaching and training activities has been realized by the teachermate. Through the Ding Talk, the individualized precise graduation examination arrangements for the trainees have been achieved, and the customized skill training arrangements and records have also been achieved. Through the use of these modern teaching techniques and training methods, the precise and efficient management of the rehabilitation medicine standardized residency training has been basically realized.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882907

ABSTRACT

2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV) outbreak is one of the public health emergency of international concern.Since the 2019-nCoV outbreak, China has been adopting strict prevention and control measures, and has achieved remarkable results in the initial stage of prevention and control.However, some imported cases and sporadic regional cases have been found, and even short-term regional epidemics have occurred, indicating that the preventing and control against the epidemic remains grim.With the change of the incidence proportion and the number of cases in children under 18 years old, some new special symptoms and complications have appeared in children patients.In addition, with the occurrence of virus mutation, it has not only attracted attention from all parties, but also proposed a new topic for the prevention and treatment of 2019-nCoV infection in children of China.Based on the second edition, the present consensus further summarizes the clinical characteristics and experience of children′s cases, and puts forward recommendations on the diagnostic criteria, laboratory examination, treatment, prevention and control of children′s cases for providing reference for further guidance of treatment of 2019-nCoV infection in children.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882844

ABSTRACT

Antibiotic-associated diarrhea(AAD) is a frequent adverse effect of antibiotic in children.AAD is associated with longer hospitalization, higher healthcare cost and even lead to death.Pediatricians usually do not pay enough attention to AAD.Domestic experts from pulmonary medicine, infection and gastroenterology are organized to develop the consensus, to improve the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of AAD, and contribute the children health in future.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942259

ABSTRACT

With the continuous development of kidney transplantation technique, the survival time after kidney transplantation is gradually prolonged. Thus, the malignant tumor has been the important influencing factor on the long-term survival for kidney transplantation patients. Renal cell carcinoma is a relatively common tumor after kidney transplantation. Besides, clear cell renal cell carcinoma and papillary renal cell carcinoma are the relatively common pathological types for renal cell carcinoma following kidney transplantation. However, bilateral renal cell carcinoma following kidney transplantation is comparatively rare. In this article, we presented a case of bilateral papillary renal cell carcinoma, which occurred after kidney transplantation. And the diagnosis and treatment were introduced in detail. The patient was 37 years old, and he underwent kidney transplantation 13 years ago in our hospital, because of kidney failure. After kidney transplantation, he had regular medical check-up every year. In this year, his urological ultrasound results indicated bilateral renal tumors. And then, he received abdominal and pelvic computed tomography, and the result also showed bilateral renal tumors, which were likely to be malignant tumors. After adequate consultation, the patient chose surgical treatment. The patient received long-term immunosuppressive therapy, because of kidney transplantation. Considering this, the surgeon decided to choose a staging surgical treatment, in order to reduce the bad influence of one-stage surgery. Then, the patient first underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for right renal tumor in our hospital, and he had no complications after operation. The pathological results showed papillary renal cell carcinoma. He was discharged successfully. He underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for left renal tumor in our hospital one month later, and he had no complications after operation. The pathological results also showed papillary renal cell carcinoma. He was discharged successfully two days after surgery. In the 3-month follow-up, the patient was recovering well. To sum up, the incidence of bilateral renal cell carcinoma following kidney transplantation is relatively rare, and bilateral radical nephrectomy is effective and safe treatment. Above all, it is the patient's condition that determines the choice of staging surgery or simultaneous surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Humans , Kidney , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Male , Nephrectomy
14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 208-212, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923239

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of low dose long-term chronic irradiation on chromosome aberration and micronucleus in peripheral blood lymphocytes of interventional radiology workers.METHODS: A total of 100 interventional radiology workers in a grade A tertiary hospital of Henan Province were selected as the interventional group using a convenient sampling method, and 78 healthy individuals without radiation exposure were selected as the control group. The incidence of chromosomal aberration and micronucleus of peripheral blood lymphocytes in individuals of these two groups were investigated. RESULTS: The frequencies of cells with acentric fragment(ace), dicentric chromosome(dic), reciprocal translocation(t), chromosome type aberration and total aberration in the interventional group were higher than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant(0.55% vs 0.30%, 0.25% vs 0.03%, 0.38% vs 0.01%, 1.21% vs 0.34%, 1.37% vs 0.54%, all P<0.01). In the interventional group, the frequency of cell with chromosome type aberration was higher than that of chromatid type aberration(1.21% vs 0.16%, P<0.01).The frequency of cell with unstable chromosome aberration was higher than that of stable chromosome aberration(0.80% vs 0.41%, P<0.01), and the frequency of cell with chromosomal type aberrant in the interventional group ranked from high to low in order of ace, t, dic and deletion(P<0.01). The incidence of micronuclear cells and micronucleus in the interventional group were higher than those in the control group(0.86‰ vs 0.40‰, 0.89‰ vs 0.41‰, all P<0.01). The incidence of micronuclear cells and micronucleus of female interventional radiology workers were higher than those of male workers(1.12‰ vs 0.62‰, 1.19‰ vs 0.62‰, all P<0.01).CONCLUSION: Low dose and long-term chronic irradiation exposure can affect both chromosome aberration and micronucleus of interventional radiology workers. The main chromosomal aberrations were non-stable chromosomal aberrations ace, dic and stable chromosomal aberrations t.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the different design of readiness assurance process (RAP) and application in TBL teaching of rehabilitation medicine, and to compare the teaching effects.Methods:A total of 40 students who had clinical rotation in our department were chose as research subjects, and they were taught with TBL teaching. Two chapters of "Stroke Rehabilitation" and "Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation" were chosen for the two lectures. During the course of "Stroke Rehabilitation", the RAP adopted open-ended questions, and the application part simulated Teamwork meetings. In the course of "Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation", the RAP used close-ended multiple-choice questions, and the application part simulated making rehabilitation plan. At the end of the two lectures, questionnaires were send to students.Results:For the RAP part, more students preferred open-ended questions. In the application part, students preferred to make rehabilitation plan.Conclusion:The process of clinical diagnosis and treatment and the formulation of rehabilitation plan in clinical practice of rehabilitation medicine has been applied to different parts of TBL teachings, and students are favor of this teaching method, which provides a reference for the future TBL teaching design of rehabilitation medicine.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907971

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2(SARS-CoV-2)infection is still worldwide.As a vulnerable group, severe and dead pediatric cases are also reported.Under this severe epidemic situation, children should be well protected.With the widespread vaccination of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in adults, the infection rate have decreased.Therefore, SARS-CoV-2 vaccine inoculation for children groups step by step is of great significance to the protection of children and the prevention and control of corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19) as a whole.But the safety of children vaccinated with SARS-CoV-2 vaccine is a main concern of parents.Therefore, in order to ensure the safety of vaccination and the implementation of vaccination work, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, National Center for Children′s Health and the Society of Pediatrics, Chinese Medical Association organized experts to interpret the main issue of parents about SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for children, in order to answer the doubts of parents.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907970

ABSTRACT

At present, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2(SARS-CoV-2)infection is still rampant worldwide.As of September 10, 2021, there were about 222 million confirmed cases of corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19)and more than 4.6 million deaths worldwide.With the development of COVID-19 vaccines and the gradual vaccination worldwide, the increasing number of cases in children and unvaccinated young people has drawn attention.According to World Health Organization surveillance data, the proportion of COVID-19 infection cases in children gradually increased, and the proportion of cases in the age groups of under 5 years and 5-14 years increased from 1.0% and 2.5% in January 2020 to 2.0% and 8.7% in July 2021, respectively.At present, billions of adults have been vaccinated with various COVID-19 vaccines worldwide, and their protective effects including reducing infection and transmission, reducing severe disease and hospitalization, and reducing death, as well as high safety have been confirmed.Canada, the United States, Europe and other countries have approved the emergency COVID-19 vaccination in children and adolescents aged 12 to 17 years, and China has also approved the phased vaccination of COVID-19 vaccination in children and adolescents aged 3 to 17 years. For smooth advancement and implementation of COVID-19 vaccination in children, academic institutions, including National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, National Center for Children′s Health, and The Society of Pediatrics, Chinese Medical Association organized relevant experts to reach this consensus on COVID-19 vaccination in children.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907364

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety of the use of the intermediate catheter in the endovascular treatment (EVT) of patients with acute anterior circulation large vessel occlusive stroke and its impact on the outcomes.Methods:From May 2015 to September 2018, patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusive stroke received EVT in Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. According to whether intermediate catheter was used during the procedure, they were divided into intermediate catheter group and non-intermediate catheter group. The demographics, clinical data and procedure related information were collected. The outcome evaluation indicators included secondary embolization, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, clinical outcome and death at 90 d after onset. A good outcome was defined as the modified Rankin Scale score of 0-2. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent predictor of clinical outcome. Results:A total of 195 patients with anterior circulation large artery occlusive stroke received EVT were enrolled, including 161 in the intermediate catheter group and 34 in the non-intermediate catheter group. There were no significant differences in demographics and clinical characteristics between the intermediate catheter group and the non-intermediate catheter group. In terms of procedure related information, the number of mechanical thrombectomy passes in the intermediate catheter group was significantly decreased (2 [1-3] times vs. 2.5 [1.75-4] times; Z=2.218, P=0.017), the recanalization rate of one-pass thrombectomy was significantly higher (38.5% vs. 20.6%; χ2=3.943, P=0.047), and the rate of thrombus escape and secondary embolism was significantly lower (19.3% vs. 35.3%; χ2=4.202, P=0.041). In terms of clinical outcome, there were no significant differences in the incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, mortality and good outcome at 90 d between the intermediate catheter group and the non-intermediate catheter group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the use of intermediate catheter was an independent predictor of good outcome at 90 d (odds ratio 0.430, 95% confidence interval 0.196-0.947; P=0.036). Conclusion:In EVT of patients with acute anterior circulation large vessel occlusive stroke, the use of intermediate catheter can reduce the number of mechanical thrombectomy passes, improve recanalization rate of one-pass thrombectomy, reduce the rate of thrombus escape and second embolization, and then improve the outcome of patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817802

ABSTRACT

Objective Effect of hawthorn and melanoidins on the in-vitro growth of Bifidobacterium and E.coli. Methods According to methods of the Chinese pharmacopoeia (2015),the charred hawthorn was prepared. The melanoidins in charred hawthorn were separated and purified by the macroporous resin extraction process. Ultraviolet spectrophotometry was used to detect melanoidins. The gas chromatography was used to detect the effects of hawthorn, charred hawthorn and melanoidins on the content of the acetic acid in Bifidobacterium and E.coli during growth, stable and decay period. Results In the early stage, the effects of hawthorn and charred hawthorn on bacteria were greater than melanoidins. In the middle and late stage, melanoidins inhibited the growth and metabolism of E.coli by changing the generation of acetic acid, and contributed to that of Bifidobacterium and also promoted the generation of acetic acid and regulate the intestinal flora. Conclusion Hawthorn, charred hawthorn and melanoidins all promote digestion by promoting the growth and metabolism of intestinal flora. Among them, charred hawthorn has a better effect on intestinal flora.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872652

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential mechanisms of Panax Notoginseng Saponins (PNS) on growth inhibition of breast cancer cell line 4T1 in tumor-bearing mice by investigating the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 1 (MEKK1)/stress activated protein kinase (SAPK)/extracellular regulated protein kinases (Erk) Kinase (SEK1)/c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1)/activator protein-1 (AP-1) signaling pathways. Method:The 4T1 breast cancer mice model was established. Forty-eight mice with successful modeled and randomly divided into the low, medium and high-dose PNS groups (10, 20, 40 mg·kg-1) and the model control group (12 mice in each group). The PNS groups received intraperitoneal injection with dosage of 10 mL·kg-1, while the controlled group was given the same dosage of saline. After administration with PNS for 28 days, tumor tissues were isolated, weighed, sliced and homogenized. Tumor cell apoptosis was detected by TdT mediated-dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. The mRNA expressions of MEKK1, SEK1, JNK1 and AP-1 in tumor tissue were detected by Real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR). The protein expressions of MEKK1, SEK1, JNK1 and AP-1 in tumor tissue were detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot. Result:Compared with model group, the tumor weights of medium-dose and high-dose PNS groups were decreased significantly (P<0.05). TUNEL staining showed that the number of apoptotic tumor cells increased with the rise of dosage of PNS (P<0.05). The medium-dose and high-dose PNS groups showed a significant increase in the mRNA expressions of MEKK1, SEK1, JNK1 and AP-1 as well as the protein expressions of MEKK1, SEK1, JNK1 and AP-1 in tumor tissues (P<0.05), with statistically significant differences (P<0.05). Conclusion:PNS could inhibit the tumor growth of breast cancer cell line 4T1 in tumor-bearing mice, which may be related to the activation of MEKK1/SEK1/JNK1/AP-1 signaling pathways.

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