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1.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 146-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986694

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of PD1-TCF1+CD8+ stem-like memory T cells on immunotherapy prognosis and tertiary lymphoid structure in tumors. Methods Pathological tissue sections were collected from 33 patients treated with immunotherapy, 18 cases of NSCLC and 15 cases of ESCC. The expression of PD1-TCF1+CD8+T cells was detected through quantitative analysis by multiplex immunofluorescence. Survival curves were described by the Kaplan-Meier method. Pearson's correlation test was used for correlation analysis. Results The high levels of PD1-TCF1+CD8+T cells had a better PFS in NSCLC and ESCC cohorts. In the NSCLC cohort, high levels of PD1-TCF1+CD8+ T cells were significantly and positively correlated with the number (P=0.0151) and size (P=0.0007) of TLSs. Conclusion In patients with NSCLC and ESCCs, high PD1-TCF1+CD8+ stem-like memory T cell expression indicates improved prognosis and immune response and is associated with the formation of TLSs in the tumor microenvironment of NSCLC.

2.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 58-62, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986680

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of peripheral blood markers on the efficacy and prognosis of patients with advanced esophageal cancer treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). Methods The case data of 61 patients with advanced esophageal cancer who met the inclusion criteria were collected. Data on clinical indicators and peripheral blood markers as well as objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free-survival (PFS) were obtained. Results The median PFS of the included patients was 7.10 months (95%CI: 5.12-9.07). The ORR of patients with baseline lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) < 201 was better than that of patients with LDH≥201 (P < 0.05). Univariate analysis showed that baseline LDH0 < 201, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) < 3.9, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) < 240.3, and LDH1 < 249.0 two weeks after ICI treatment were significantly associated with significant improvement in PFS (P < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, patients with NLR0 < 3.9 had longer PFS (P < 0.05). Conclusion LDH0 < 201, NLR0 < 3.9, PLR0 < 240.3, and LDH1 < 249.0 are positively correlated with the prognosis of patients with advanced esophageal cancer treated with ICIs.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 908-920, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970562

ABSTRACT

To clarify the content characteristics of the main active components and mineral elements of Cynomorium songaricum under different habitat conditions, and further explore the relationship between the quality of C. songaricum and habitats, this study took C. songaricum from 25 different habitats in China as the research object, and measured the contents of 8 main active components and 12 mineral elements separately. Diversity analysis, correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were carried out. The results showed that the genetic diversity of total flavonoids, ursolic acid, ether extract, potassium(K), phosphorus(P) and zinc(Zn) in C. songaricum was high. The coefficient of variation of crude polysaccharide, ether extract, gallic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, catechin, epicatechin, calcium(Ca), sodium(Na), magnesium(Mg), sulfur(S), iron(Fe), manganese(Mn), selenium(Se) and nickel(Ni) were all over 36%, indicating that the quality of C. songaricum was significantly affected by habitats. There were strong synergistic and weak antagonistic effects among the contents of the 8 active components, and complex antagonistic and synergistic effects among the contents of the 12 mineral elements. Principal component analysis revealed that crude polysaccharide, ursolic acid, catechin, epicatechin and total flavonoids could be used as the characteristic components to evaluate the quality of C. songaricum, and Na, copper(Cu), Mn and Ni were the characteristic elements to evaluate the quality of C. songaricum. In cluster ana-lysis, the second group with the main active components as cluster center had better quality in terms of the content of active substances, and the second group with the mineral elements as cluster center had higher utilization potential in the exploitation of mineral elements. This study could provide a basis for resource evaluation and breeding of excellent varieties of C. songaricum in different habitats, and provide a reference for cultivation and identification of C. songaricum.


Subject(s)
Cynomorium , Catechin , Plant Breeding , Selenium , Ethers , Ethyl Ethers , Flavonoids , Plant Extracts
4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 135-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the application of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in the rapid clinical diagnosis of critically ill neonates.@*METHODS@#The critically ill neonates who admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Children's Hospital of Fudan University and underwent WGS from August to September, 2019 were enrolled in this prospective study. The genetic testing results and clinical outcome were analyzed with reference to the sequencing data and clinical features of the neonates.@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 neonates were tested, among whom there were 9 boys and 6 girls. The main reason for hospitalization included abnormal breathing in 7 neonates, poor response in 2 neonates, feeding difficulty in 2 neonates, fever in 1 neonate, hypothermia in 1 neonate, preterm birth in 1 neonate, and convulsion in 1 neonate. The mean turn-around time was 4.5 days for WGS. Finally a genetic diagnosis was obtained for 3 neonates, with a positive diagnostic rate of 20% (3/15). Among the 3 neonates, 2 neonates were withdrawn from the treatment due to severe conditions and 1 neonate died on the day when the sample was sent for genetic testing, whose etiology could be explained by the results of genetic testing.@*CONCLUSIONS@#WGS technique can provide a timely and effective diagnosis for critically ill neonates suspected of genetic diseases and provide genetic evidence for clinical treatment of critically ill cases.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Male , Child , Female , Humans , Critical Illness , Prospective Studies , Premature Birth , Dyspnea , Fever
5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1494-1498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980540

ABSTRACT

Peripheral retinal degeneration is a typical lesion in ophthalmic clinical practice. Each type of degeneration affects distinct retinal layers and may lead to sight-threatening complications. Due to its specific location, where current ophthalmic imaging technologies have difficulties observing, the pathogenesis remains unclear despite previous works. This review outlines the characteristics of peripheral retinal degeneration by different wide-field imaging technologies, including ultra-wide field fundus imaging, wide field spectral domain optical coherence tomography, optical coherence tomography angiography and fundus fluorescein angiography, as well as new perspectives on their pathogenesis or pathological characteristics so as to provide new ideas for clinical diagnosis and management. Due to the small size of sample and the lack of prospective and long-term observation of multimodal imaging, it is still impossible to comprehensively evaluate the progression and risk of different types of degeneration. Therefore, it is expected that wide-field multimodal imaging technology will be more widely applied to study the mechanism of peripheral retinal degeneration and guide the clinical practice options.

6.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 592-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995223

ABSTRACT

Objective:To automatically and rapidly detect mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in an objective manner using natural language processing (NLP).Methods:A total of 215 participants (half female) aged 50 to 80 were recruited for the study′s normal cognition and MCI groups. Speech tasks and the mini mental state examination (MMSE-2) were used to collect audio data and quantify cognitive functioning. Altogether 162 acoustic features were extracted including the speaking speed, syllable number, syllable duration, number of pauses, duration of pauses, the standard deviation of formant frequency and sound pressure variation. They were compared between the two groups and genders. Multiple regression analysis was used to formulate a model predicting MCI. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of its predictions were used to evaluate its predictive power.Results:There were significant differences between the two groups in 50 acoustic features including their pronunciation rhythm and pronunciation accuracy. Univariate correlation analysis revealed that the pronunciation rhythm was significantly associated with cognitive functioning. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the model were 0.54, 0.80 and 0.69 for males and 0.00, 0.86 and 0.63 for females.Conclusion:MCI greatly affects pronunciation rhythm. Acoustic analysis based on NLP can detect MCI rapidly and objectively.

7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 919-922, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940867

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To create a model to predict nosocomial infections in emergency intensive care units (EICU), so as to provide insights into early identification and interventions among patients with nosocomial infections. @*Methods@#All nosocomial infections were collected from patients hospitalized in the EICU of a large tertiary hospital from 2017 to 2020. The 2017-2019 data were selected as the training set to create a logistic regression model, and the fitting effectiveness of the predictive model was evaluated using Hosmer-Lemeshow test. The 2020 data were selected as the test set to evaluate the external validation of the predictive model. In addition, the value of the model for prediction of nosocomial infections was examined using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. @*Results @#Totally 1 546 inpatients in EICU were enrolled, and the prevalence of nosocomial infections was 7.18%. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified hospital stay duration of >7 days (OR=21.845, 95%CI: 7.901-60.398), use of ventilators (OR=3.405, 95%CI: 1.335-8.682), and surgery (OR=1.854, 95%CI: 1.121-3.064) as risk factors of nosocomial infections. The predictive model was p=ey/(1+ey), y=-6.105+(3.084×duration of hospital stay)+(1.225×use of ventilators)+(0.617×surgery). The area under ROC curve was 0.806 (95%CI: 0.774-0.838) for the training set and 0.723 (95%CI: 0.623-0.823) for the test set, and if the 0.065 cut-off of the predictive model created by the training set was included in the test set, the predictive value yield a 0.739 sensitivity and 0.642 specificity for prediction of nosocomial infections among patients hospitalized in EICU. @*Conclusion@#The created predictive model for nosocomial infections among patients hospitalized in EICU presents a high accuracy, which shows a satisfactory predictive value for high-risk nosocomial infections.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 218-225, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940308

ABSTRACT

"Four in one" is a research idea of identifying the classic prescriptions from the following four dimensions: "nature, location, tendency, and syndrome". The multi-dimensional analysis of the mechanism of classic prescription Zhigancao Tang in treating coronary heart disease helps to understand the syndrome differentiation and treatment thoughts of ZHANG Zhong-jing. The coronary heart disease results from deficiency. The efficacy of Zhigancao Tang in treating coronary heart disease can be elucidated from the "nature,location,tendency, and syndrome". In terms of nature, Zhigancao Tang is pungent and sweet in flavor and warm in property, with the sweet responsible for tonifying deficiency, the pungent for dispersing Yang, resolving Yin, and eliminating surplus pathogen, and the warm for moving Yangqi, nourishing blood, and promoting blood circulation. In terms of location, Zhigancao Tang mainly acts on vessels for restoring the normal circulation of blood in the vessels and improving coronary artery stenosis and the resulting ischemia and anoxia. In terms of tendency, Zhigancao Tang tends to affect the upper and inner parts of the body to tonify deficiency in Zangfu organs, promote fluid production, nourish nutrient blood, and dissipate cold simultaneously, thus alleviating chest impediment. In terms of syndrome, Zhigancao Tang is applicable to fluid exhaustion with blood dryness and Yin-yang-qi-blood deficiency syndrome, manifested as regularly or irregularly intermittent pulse and severe palpitation. Zhigancao Tang has been widely used for the treatment of over 70 diseases classified into 10 systems, especially the cardiovascular diseases, in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine. As the “one” of “four in one”, Zhigancao Tang is composed of multiple Chinese herbs and its therapeutic effect is superior to the sum of its parts. It ameliorates the coronary heart disease by resisting inflammation, protecting against ischemia-reperfusion injury, adjusting the ion channels of myocardial cells, and participating in atrial remodeling and hematopoiesis. Its mechanism and clinical efficacy in the treatment of coronary heart disease have been verified by clinical and experimental studies. The utilization of the thought of "four in one" to analyze classical prescriptions enables the combination of prescriptions with syndromes, which is of great significance to the clinical application and modern development of classical prescriptions.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1769-1775, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934963

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evalu ate relat ed researches about the cost- benefit of pharmaceutical care in medical institutions with cost- benefit analysis,in order to provide evidence-based basis for related policy decisions and provide methodological reference for the cost- benefit evaluation of pharmaceutical care in the future. METHODS Retrieved from PubMed ,Embase,the Cochrane Library ,CBM,Wanfang database ,VIP and CNKI ,cost-benefit analysis was used to evaluate the researches about the cost-benefit of pharmaceutical care in medical institutions. Two researchers independently screened the research and extracted data according to the “Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards Checklist ”. The quality of included studies was scored and evaluated systematically. RESULTS A total of 46 studies from 17 countries were included. Most of them came from the United States (21.74%),China(19.57%)and France (8.70%). Average score of 46 literature was 14.30,of which 1 literature was excellent ,5 literature were good ,25 literature were qualified and 14 literature were unqualified. There were 25 research protocols of prospective study type ;the type of pharmaceutical care involved mostly was pharmaceutical monitoring (60.87%), followed by prescription review (23.91%),medication reconciliation (8.70%)and outpatient pharmacy (6.52%)were less. The median cost-benefit ratio of pharmaceutical care was 5.05 (3.08,11.28). CONCLUSIONS Pharmaceutical care shows good economic value ,and pharmacists have played an important role in saving medical resources ,but the design level and report quality of the existing studies need to be improved.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 716-724, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929684

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the status of self-management in patients with spinal cord injury and the related factors. MethodsFrom May, 2020 to February, 2021, 255 patients from a spinal cord injury club were enrolled, and investigated with the general information questionnaire, self-management ability scale, Chronic Disease Self-efficacy Scale through internet. Multiple linear stepwise regression was used to explore the related factors. ResultsThe scores of disease symptom management, daily life management, intermittent catheterization behavior management, emotional management and social return were (40.458±9.122), (33.945±6.800), (36.709±8.736) and (25.011±4.932), respectively. The average score for the single question of daily life management was the highest (3.772±0.755), while emotional management and social return was the lowest (3.573±0.705). Duration of intermittent catheterization, family members' attitude, self-efficacy and occupation were the related factors of symptom management (R2 = 0.135, F = 7.744, P < 0.001). Self-efficacy, duration of intermittent catheterization, use of hydrophilic coated catheters and complications were the related factors of daily life management (R2 = 0.173, F = 13.042, P < 0.001). Self-efficacy, duration of intermittent catheterization, use of hydrophilic coated catheters and medical insurance were the related factors of intermittent catheterization behavior management (R2 = 0.141, F = 10.259, P < 0.001). Self-efficacy, duration of intermittent catheterization, complications and frequency of intermittent catheter in the last week were the related factors of emotional management and social regression dimensions (R2 = 0.282, F = 19.590, P < 0.001). ConclusionThe self-management of patients with spinal cord injury by clean intermittent catheterization is at medium level. Moreover, it may be affected by many factors. Some of them can be targets of intervention.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 336-342, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873402

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo obtain HSC-T6 cells with stable expression of Cas9 protein and HSC-T6-COX-2-/- cells with COX-2 gene defect by transfecting HSC-T6 cells with CRISPR/Cas9 lentiviral vector, and to provide a good method for further functional research and new strategies for the clinical treatment of liver fibrosis. MethodsThe COX-2 gene-specific sgRNAs (COX-2-sgRNA-1, COX-2-sgRNA-2, COX-2-sgRNA-3) were designed, synthesized, and connected to the GV371 vector, and the recombinant plasmid and the packaging plasmid were transfected into 293T cells to form lentivirus particles; the fluorescence method was used to measure virus titer. The most appropriate amount of the virus was calculated based on MOI. Lenti-Cas9-puro was transfected into HSC-T6 cells, and HSC-T6-Cas9 cells were screened out by puromycin; Lenti-COX-2-sgRNA-EGFP was transfected into HSC-T6-Cas9 cells to obtain HSC-T6-COX-2-/- cells. Cruiser enzyme digestion and Western blot were used to verify gene knockout at the gene and protein levels. An analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsSequencing verified that the COX-2-sgRNA expression vector was constructed successfully. Recombinant expression plasmids and packaging plasmids were transfected into 293T cells to form lentivirus particles, and the fluorescence method showed a virus titer of >1×108. HSC-T6 cells with stable expression of Cas9 protein and HSC-T6-COX-2-/- cells with COX-2 gene defect were successfully constructed. The HSC-T6-Cas9 group had significantly higher relative mRNA expression of LV-Cas9-Puro than the CON group (541.93±105.76 vs 1.00±0.02, t=12.995, P<0.01). Cruiser enzyme digestion and Western blot showed that the CRISPR/Cas9 lentivirus expression vectors played a role in the target, among which COX-2-sgRNA-2 knockout had the most significant effect, and this group had a significant reduction in the protein expression level of COX-2 compared with the CON group and the NC group (both P<0.05), suggesting that COX-2-sgRNA was active. ConclusionA CRISPR/Cas9 lentivirus vector is successfully constructed for COX-2 target gene, and HSC-T6-COX-2-/- cells with stable COX-2 gene knockout are obtained.

12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 46-50, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective effect of tea polyphenols and its mechanism in potassium dichromate(PD)-induced acute renal injury in mice. METHODS: The specific pathogen free weaned Kunming mice were divided into control group, model group and low-, middle-and high-dose tea polyphenols groups, with 12 mice in each group. Mice in the control group were given 0.9% sodium chloride solution, and mice in other four groups were given PD solution with 4.275 mg/kg body weight every morning by intragastric administration. Then, mice in the control group and model group were given 0.9% sodium chloride solution in the afternoon, while mice in the low-, middle-and high-dose tea polyphenols groups were given 0.3 mL tea polyphenols solution with a dose of 200, 400 or 600 mg/kg body weight, respectively by gavage, once a day for two consecutive weeks. The body mass of mice was weighed during the experiment. At the end of the experiment, the mice were sacrificed. The kidneys were removed and weighed. The kidney organ coefficients were calculated. The levels of urea nitrogen and creatinine in serum were determined by two-point method, the activities of catalase(CAT) and glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) in serum of mice were detected by colorimetry. The pathological change of kidney in mice was observed. RESULTS: The body weight of mice in the model group decreased(P<0.05), while the kidney mass, renal organ coefficient, serum levels of urea nitrogen and creatinine increased(all P<0.05), and the serum activities of CAT and GSH-Px decreased(all P<0.05) compared with the control group. The body weight of mice in the three tea polyphenols groups increased(all P<0.05), while the kidney mass, renal organ coefficient, urea nitrogen and creatinine levels in serum decreased(all P<0.05), and the activities of CAT and GSH-Px in serum increased with the increasing intervention dose of tea polyphenols(all P<0.05) compared with the model group. The change of acute renal injury was mainly caused by renal tubular injury in the model group. The pathological changes of renal tissue in the three tea polyphenols intervention groups were improved compared to that in the model group, and the improvement showed a dose-effect relationship with the intervention of tea polyphenols. CONCLUSION: Tea polyphenols have a protective effect on PD-induced acute renal injury with a dose-effect relationship. Its mechanism of action is related to the fact that tea polyphenols can reduce or reverse oxidative stress and inflammation in the kidney.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1520-1526, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for establishing stan dardized construction standard system of “internet+TCM pharmacy”. METHODS : Questionnaire through literature review , investigation and expert consultation were compiled. A questionnaire survey was carried out among TCM staff to understand the current situation and problems of “internet + TCM pharmacy”in Chinese medical institutions. Based on the results of the questionnaire ,a frame of standardized construction standard system for “internet+TCM pharmacy ”was tried to constructed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:A total of 74 questionnaires were distributed and 74 were returned ,including 1 invalid questionnaire ,with an effective rate of 98.65%. Among the 73 respondents, more than 60% were from TCM hospitals ,or with the title of vice senior or above ,and 55(75.3%)were national TCM characteristic technology inheritance talents. The survey results showed that more than 80% of TCM pharmacies in medical institutions were equipped with full-time reviewers ,provided decocting service ,set up decocting room ,and carried out distribution service,and could achieve the same-day or part of the same-day delivery. More than half of the respondents believed that the prescriptions of TCM decoction pieces in their medical institutions were issued in strict accordance with the relevant requirements , the rational drug use monitoring software was used ,and the error analysis of relevant work links was carried out regularly , prescription coping training was regularly carried out for dispensers ,and decoction knowledge and operation process training were carried out for decoction personnel. However ,the vast majority of respondents (67,accounting for 91.8%)thought that their medical institutions only used traditional methods to control and evaluate the quality of finished decoction products. The results of the evaluation of the importance of 6 links and 17 key points of operation showed that the highest concentration of opinions was the quality of decoction pieces ,and the key points of operation were special drug treatment. The results of principle component analysis and maximum variance analysis showed that current construction of “internet+TCM pharmacy ”was mainly reflected in the two dimensions as TCM decocting ,consultation and distribution servi ces. Statistical analysis indicated that there were significant differences in staff training ,awareness of laws and policies , regular error analysis ,patient satisfaction survey ,optimization of payment and consulting services among different levels and categories institutions (P<0.05). It was necessary to carry out the standardization construction of “internet+TCM pharmacy”. It is suggested that the standard system for standardized construction of“Internet + TCM pharmacy ”should be established from 5 aspects:basic construction conditions ,the standardization of procurement and acceptance ,the standardization of dispensing ,the standardization of decocting and distribution service and the standardization of pharmaceutical consultation services.

14.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1138-1146, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The measurement of diabetic foot ulcers is important for the success in diabetic foot ulcer management. At present, it lacks the accurate and convenient measurement tools in clinical. In recent years, artificial intelligence technology has demonstrated the potential application value in the field of image segmentation and recognition. This study aims to construct an intelligent measurement model of diabetic foot ulcers based on the deep learning method, and to conduct preliminary verification.@*METHODS@#The data of 1 042 diabetic foot ulcers clinical samples were collected. The ulcers and color areas were manually labeled, of which 782 were used as the training data set and 260 as the test data set. The Mask RCNN ulcer tissue color semantic segmentation and RetinaNet scale digital scale target detection were used to build a model. The training data set was input into the model and iterated. The test data set was used to verify the intelligent measurement model.@*RESULTS@#This study established an intelligent measurement model of diabetic foot ulcers based on deep learning. The mean average precision@.5 intersection over union (mAP@.5IOU) of the color region segmentation in the training set and the test set were 87.9% and 63.9%, respectively; the mAP@.5IOU of the ruler scale digital detection in the training set and the test set were 96.5% and 83.4%, respectively. Compared with the manual measurement result of the test sample, the average error of the intelligent measurement result was about 3 mm.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The intelligent measurement model has good accuracy and robustness in measuring the diabetic foot ulcers. Future research can further optimize the model with larger-scale data samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot
15.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 678-682, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907599

ABSTRACT

The emergence of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has greatly changed the treatment strategy of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although ICIs are effective, there are still many patients who cannot benefit from immunotherapy alone. The current research direction focuses on the combination of multiple treatment schemes. Radiotherapy can upregulate immunogenic cell surface markers, and regulate the expressions of immune checkpoints. A large number of preclinical and clinical studies are exploring the efficacy and safety of ICIs combined with radiotherapy in various clinical stages of NSCLC, including radiotherapy timing, optimal dose, dose distribution and so on.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 640-646, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015014

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the distribution characteristics of steady-state trough concentration (C

17.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 475-480, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870823

ABSTRACT

Insomnia, as the most common sleep disorder in the population, is often accompanied by depression, anxiety and other mental diseases, which can lead to impaired social and occupational functions as well as decreased quality of life. There is growing evidence that insomnia may be a risk factor for stroke. On the other hand, the incidence of insomnia in stroke patients is significantly higher than that in the general population. Correctly understanding the bidirectional relationship between insomnia and stroke can make clinicians pay more attention to insomnia and its treatment, and increase clinical benefit in patients with stroke and insomnia.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 871-874, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867315

ABSTRACT

Objective:The effect of clotrimazole vaginal tablets combined with lactobacilli vaginal capsules on inflammatory response and oxidative stress in pregnant patients with candidal vaginitis.Methods:A prospective study of 126 patients with candidal vaginitis was randomly divided into control group and observation group, 63 cases in each group. The control group received clotrimazole vaginal tablets and the observation group received clotrimazole vaginal tablets combined with lactobacillus vaginal capsule treatment. The efficacy, inflammatory factor levels, oxidative stress and pregnancy outcomes of the two groups were observed.Results:The total clinical effective rate of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (95.24% vs 80.95%, P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin-6, and C-reactive protein inflammatory factors in the observation group were lower than those in the control group. The levels of superoxide dismutase and nitric oxide in the observation group were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05), and the levels of malondialdehyde and plasma endothelin-1 were lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The incidence of premature delivery and premature rupture of membranes in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Clotrimazole vaginal tablets combined with lactobacillus vaginal capsules for the treatment of pregnancy with candida vaginitis are effective and can reduce vaginal inflammation, improve oxidative stress, and reduce the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as premature delivery and premature rupture of membranes.

19.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 777-782, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the method for simultaneous determination of ginsenoside Rb1, calycosin7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, 2,3,5,4’-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (stilbene glucoside), ferulic acid, and rhein in Beisheng granules by UPLC-full wavelength scanning method. Methods:The Waters-ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) chromatographic column was used. The mobile phase was acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid-water solute, a linear gradient, the flow rate was 0.3 ml/min and full-wavelength scanning with detection wavelength of 190-400 nm. The column temperature was 30 ℃, and sample volumn was 3 μl.Results:Ginsenoside Rb1, calycosin7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, stilbene glucoside, ferulic acid and rhein were well separated at 203, 260, 320, 316 and 254 nm wavelength, respectively. The linear ranges were 0.013-0.210 μg ( r=0.999 4), 0.027-0.432 μg ( r=0.999 9), 0.038-0.600 μg ( r=0.999 9), 0.005-0.084 μg ( r=0.999 9), 0.003-0.048 μg ( r=0.999 2). The RSDs of precision, repeatability and stability tests were 0.17%-1.73%, 0.40%-1.49%, 0.21%-1.98% ( n=6), respectively. The recovery rates were 92.71%, 92.44%, 96.83%, 105.71% and 102.61% ( n=6), respectively. Conclusions:The method is simple, rapid and accurate, and can be used as a reference for quality control of Beisheng granules.

20.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 560-564, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863525

ABSTRACT

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene is one of the most common driving genes in non-small cell lung cancer patients, and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been controversial in the clinical application of non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutant. The expression abundance of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) is an important predictor to guide the application of ICIs, and EGFR mutations may affect PD-L1 expression in tumor cells. Recent clinical studies have pointed out that the single drug of ICIs is not effective in patients with EGFR mutation, however, the combination of ICIs combined with chemotherapy and the four drugs proposed in the IMpower150 trial show good clinical benefits. In addition, the safety of ICIs and epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) combination model needs to be further clarified.

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