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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1006-1011, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012354

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, immunohistochemical profiles, molecular features, and prognosis of subungual melanoma in situ (SMIS). Methods: Thirty cases of SMIS were collected in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China from 2018 to 2022. The clinicopathological characteristics and follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed. Histopathologic evaluation and immunohistochemical studies were carried out. By using Vysis melanoma fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probe kit, combined with 9p21(CDKN2A) and 8q24(MYC) assays were performed. Results: There were 8 males and 22 females. The patients' ages ranged from 22 to 65 years (median 48 years). All patients presented with longitudinal melanonychia involving a single digit. Thumb was the most commonly affected digit (16/30, 53.3%). 56.7% (17/30) of the cases presented with Hutchinson's sign. Microscopically, melanocytes proliferated along the dermo-epithelial junction. Hyperchromatism and nuclear pleomorphism were two of the most common histological features. The melanocyte count ranged from 30 to 185. Most cases showed small to medium nuclear enlargement (29/30, 96.7%). Pagetoid spread was seen in all cases. Intra-epithelial mitoses were identified in 56.7% (17/30) of the cases. Involvement of nailfold was found in 19 cases, 4 of which were accompanied by cutaneous adnexal extension. The positive rates of SOX10, PNL2, Melan A, HMB45, S-100, and PRAME were 100.0%, 100.0%, 96.0%, 95.0%, 76.9%, and 83.3%, respectively. FISH analysis was positive in 6/9 of the cases. Follow-up data were available in 28 patients, and all of them were alive without disease. Conclusions: SMIS mainly shows small to medium-sized cells. High melanocyte count, hyperchromatism, nuclear pleomorphism, Pagetoid spreading, intra-epithelial mitosis, nailfold involvement, and cutaneous adnexal extension are important diagnostic hallmarks. Immunohistochemistry including SOX10 and PRAME, combined with FISH analysis, is valuable for the diagnosis of SMIS.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , China , Melanoma/diagnosis , Nail Diseases/pathology , Antigens, Neoplasm
2.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 133-136, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930314

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in the population, and the incidence of young breast cancer patients is gradually increasing. With the increasing requirements of patients for cosmetic effect after tumor resection, the traditional breast conserving surgery can no longer meet the treatment needs of patients. Breast-conserving plastic surgery for breast cancer has been proved to be safe in oncology, but there are still many deficiencies. Therefore, it is very important for surgeons and patients to develop unified and repeatable standard guidelines for breast-conserving plastic surgery of breast cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 265-268, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928901

ABSTRACT

With the deepening of China's medical reform, the scale of hospital equipment assets at all levels is also expanding. In the face of large-scale and various equipment assets, the traditional single machine statistical management method not only has a single interface, poor data accuracy and is not compatible with other systems, but also is difficult to achieve "full life cycle" management. In order to solve above problems, the Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University of Medicine aims to use the Internet of Things to build a medical equipment management information platform, realize the whole hospital area, whole subject and whole process management of medical materials, and achieve the objectives of business linkage, information connectivity and data sharing between management departments and clinical departments.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Equipment and Supplies, Hospital , Hospitals , Information Dissemination , Information Management
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 221-226, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935674

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between nutritional risk status and clinical outcome in children with tuberculous meningitis (TBM). Methods: The clinical data (basic information, clinical symptoms and laboratory test results) of 112 patients with TBM, who were admitted to Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases of West China Second Hospital of Sichuan University,from January 2013 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the nutritional risk group and the non-nutritional risk group according to the assessment of the nutritional risk by the STRONGkids Scale. The variables of basic information, clinical symptoms and laboratory test measurements etc. were compared between the two groups by using Student t test, Rank sum test or Chi-square test. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze nutritional risk factors. Results: Among 112 patient with TBM, 55 were males and 57 females. There were 62 cases in the nutritional risk group and 50 cases in the non-nutritional risk group. The proportion of cases with nutritional risk was 55.4% (62/112). Patients in the nutritional risk who lived in rural areas, had symptoms of brain nerve damage, convulsions, emaciation and anorexia, with a diagnosis time of ≥21 days, and the level of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein were all higher than those in the non-nutritional risk group ((50 cases (80.6%) vs. 32 cases (64.0%), 20 cases (32.3%) vs.8 cases (16.0%), 33 cases (53.2%) vs. 15 cases (30.0%), 30 cases (48.4%) vs. 2 cases (4.0%), 59 cases (95.2%) vs. 1 case (2.0%),41 cases (66.1%) vs.18 cases (36.0%), 1 406 (1 079, 2 068) vs. 929 (683, 1 208) mg/L, χ2=3.91, 3.90, 6.10, 26.72, 98.58, 10.08, Z=4.35, all P<0.05). The levels of serum albumin,hemoglobin,lymphocyte count, white blood cell count, and CSF glucose were significantly lower in patients with nutritional risk ((36±5) vs. (41±4) g/L, (110±17) vs. (122±14) g/L, 1.4 (1.0, 2.0)vs. 2.3 (1.6, 3.8)×109/L, 7.8 (6.3, 10.0)×109 vs. 10.0 (8.3, 12.8)×109/L, 1.0 (0.8, 1.6) vs. 2.1 (1.3, 2.5) mmol/L, t=-6.15, -4.22, Z=-4.86, -3.92, -4.16, all P<0.05).Increased levels of serum albumin (OR=0.812, 95%CI:0.705-0.935, P=0.004) and lymphocyte count (OR=0.609, 95%CI:0.383-0.970, P=0.037) may reduce the nutritional risk of children with TBM; while convulsions (OR=3.853, 95%CI:1.116-13.308, P=0.033) and increased level of CSF protein (OR=1.001,95%CI:1.000-1.002, P=0.015) may increase the nutritional risk of children with TBM. Similarly, the rate of complications and drug-induced liver injury was higher in the nutritional risk group (47 cases (75.8%) vs. 15 cases(30.0%), 31 cases (50.0%) vs.8 cases (16.0%), χ2=23.50, 14.10, all P<0.05). Moreover, the length of hospital stay was also longer in the nutritional risk group ((27±13) vs. (18±7) d, t=4.38, P<0.05). Conclusions: Children with TBM have a high incidence of nutritional risk. Convulsive, the level of serum albumin, the level of lymphocyte count and CSF protein may affect the nutritional risk of children with TBM. The nutritional risk group has a high incidence of complications and heavy economic burden.It is necessary to carry out nutritional screening and nutritional support for children with TBM as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Leukocyte Count , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies , Tuberculosis, Meningeal/diagnosis
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 124-132, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940493

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effects of three kinds of microbial fertilizers on the growth, yield, quality, and cadmium (Cd) accumulation of Chuanxiong Rhizoma (CX). MethodTaking CX seeds as materials, field experiments were carried out in the main producing areas, Pengzhou and Meishan. The samples were collected during the harvesting period, and the agronomic characters and yield were determined. The contents of extract, volatile oil, and ferulic acid were analyzed by the collection method of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2020 edition). The content of Cd was determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Data were processed by difference significance analysis, correlation analysis and cluster analysis. ResultThree kinds of microbial fertilizers with appropriate concentrations could promote the growth of CX. In terms of yield and quality, the treatment of Jinwuzong (1.50 ton/hm2, 1 ton=1 000 kg, the same below) and Cuijingyuan (1.5 L·hm-2) could increase the yield of medicinal materials by 0.92%-46.34%, while Cuijingyuan (1.8 L·hm-2) and Shenchu (15, 30 kg·hm-2) could increase the water-soluble extract of CX by 0.06%-18.79%, of which Cuijingyuan (1.8 L·hm-2) was significantly increased (P<0.01). The alcohol-soluble extract of CX treated with Jinwuzong (0.75, 1.50, 2.25 ton/hm2), Shenchu (15, 45 kg·hm-2), and Cuijingyuan (1.2 L·hm-2) decreased significantly by 3.51%-22.94% (P<0.01). The content of ferulic acid in CX treated with Jinwuzong (1.50 ton/hm2) and Shenchu (30 kg·hm-2) decreased by 2.14%-30.56%. Three kinds of microbial fertilizers had little effect on the content of volatile oil in CX. In the aspect of Cd enrichment, the concentration of Cd in rhizosphere soil of CX was increased by 11.33%-76.36% (P<0.01) after the treatment of Jinwuzong (0.75, 1.50, 2.25 ton/hm2), Shenchu (15, 30, 45 kg·hm-2) and Cuijingyuan (1.2 L·hm-2). However, the Cd enrichment coefficient of CX reduced by 2.58%-48.38%, the Cd content and Cd accumulation of CX decreased respectively by 9.54%-25.96% and 9.34%-18.88% via Jinwuzong (0.75 ton/hm2) and Cuijingyuan (1.8 L·hm-2). ConclusionThree kinds of microbial fertilizers have a certain positive effect on the growth, substance accumulation, and reduction of Cd content in medicinal parts of CX, and the changes of each index are affected by the producing area and treatment method. Based on the comprehensive analysis of various indicators, Jinwuzong (0.75, 1.50 ton/hm2) can better adapt to the rhizosphere soil micro-ecological environment of CX, it can effectively reduce the content of Cd on the premise of guaranteeing the yield and quality of CX.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 216-220, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of atropine administration before tracheal intubation under general anesthesia in the elderly patients undergoing endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration(EBUS-TBNA)biopsy.Methods:This was a case-control study.A total of 87 elderly hospitalized patients receiving chest enhanced CT test suggesting the risk of lung cancer with enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes in 7 regions were scheduled to undergo endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration(EBUS-TBNA)biopsy under general anesthesia.The patients were randomly divided into two groups by flipping a coin: the atropine group(n=40)and the control group(n=47). The indicators for evaluating the application values of atropine included preoperative, intra-operative and postoperative systolic blood pressure(SBP), diastolic blood pressure(DBP), heart rate, oropharyngeal and airway secretion volume, oxygen saturation, operation time, positive diagnosis rate and postoperative adverse reactions.Results:SBP and DBP were lower in the atropine group than in the control group before endotracheal intubation(131.7±15.3 mmHg vs.140.7±13.7 mmHg, 79.1±7.6 mmHg vs.85.6±7.4 mmHg, t=2.885 and 4.061, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in SBP and DBP 10 min after endoscopic operation and 10 min after tracheal extubation between the atropine group versus the control group(SBP: 109.1±11.2 mmHg vs.105.0±12.2 mmHg, 136.9±23.0 mmHg vs.129.9±11.2 mmHg, DBP: 66.9±7.5 mmHg vs.68.0±8.3 mmHg, 77.6±10.9 mmHg vs.78.5±6.4 mmHg, t=-1.617, 0.687, -1.751 and 0.448, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in HR between the two groups before endotracheal intubation( t=1.416, P>0.05), while HR was higher in the atropine group than in the control group 10 min after endoscopic operation and 10 min after tracheal extubation( t=-3.323 and -2.181, P<0.01 and P<0.05). The change rates of SBP and DBP were lower in the atropine group than in the control group 10 min after endoscopic operation and 10 min after tracheal extubation( t=7.947, -6.962, -3.187 and -3.232, P<0.01). The change rate of HR was lower in the atropine group 10 min after endoscopic operation and was higher 10 min after tracheal extubation than in the control group( t=-6.467 and -4.131, P<0.01). There were significant differences in the volume of oropharyngeal and airway secretions and fingertip oxygen saturation between the two groups before endotracheal intubation and 10 min after tracheal extubation( t=-2.334, 2.759, -3.314 and -2.767, P<0.01). The endoscopic operation time was less in the atropine group than in the control group with no statistically significant difference[(25.9±5.7)min vs.(26.4±4.7)min, t=0.391, P>0.05]. There was no significant difference in postoperative adverse reactions between the atropine group versus the control group(34 patients or 85.0% vs.43 patients or 91.5%, χ2=1.247, P>0.05). Conclusions:The application of atropine before tracheal intubation under general anesthesia is beneficial to stabilizing the intraoperative blood pressure and heart rate, and can reduce the production of postoperative oropharyngeal and airway secretions in elderly patients undergoing endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration biopsy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 253-258, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of speckle tracking imaging (STI) stratification strain technique in the assessment of circumferential myocardial function and the myocardial protection of ATP-postconditioning (ATP-PostC) in a rabbit model of acute myocardial infarction.Methods:A total of 40 rabbits were randomly divided into 2 groups: pure ischemia reperfusion group (IR group)and ATP-PostC group. STI images were recorded before and 45 min after occlusion of coronary artery, post low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography, 60 and 120 min after reperfusion, respectively. The following parameters were obtained: left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), heart rate (HR), endocardial circumferential systolic strain (CSsys-endo), mid-myocardial circumferential systolic strain (CSsys-mid) and epicardial circumferential systolic strain (CSsys-epi) at left ventricular short-axis level. At different time points after occlusion and reperfusion, 5 experimental rabbits were killed in each group for pathological examination.Results:①Forty-five min after coronary artery occlusion in both groups, the values of LVEF and HR were decreased( P<0.05), and the absolute values of CSsys-endo, CSsys-mid and CSsys-epi were significantly reduced( P<0.01). After LDDSE, the absolute values of CSsys-endo, CSsys-mid and CSsys-epi were increased, which were different from those after blockade( P<0.05). ②After reperfusion, the circumferential strains were not significantly different from those after blockade in IR group ( P>0.05). After blockade, the absolute values of circumferential strains were increased significantly in the ATP-PostC group compared with IR group( P<0.05). In the ATP-PostC group, the absolute values of CSsys-endo at different time points after reperfusion increased significantly compared with that after blockade ( P<0.05). The absolute values of CSsys-endo and CSsys-mid 120 min after reperfusion continued to increase significantly compared with those 60 min after reperfusion( P<0.05). ③Pathological examination: After 60 min of blockade, there was no significant difference in myocardial infarction area between the IR group and the ATP-PostC group( P>0.05). The percentage of infarct areas at each time point of reperfusion in the ATP-PostC group was decreased compared with that after blockade( P<0.05). Compared with the IR group, the percentage of infarct area in the ATP-PostC group was smaller after 120 minutes of reperfusion and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The applications of STI stratification strain technique and LDDSE can assess left ventricular circumferential strains at each of myocardial layers before and after reperfusion in rabbit myocardial ischemia ATP-PostC model, identify and evaluate the function of viable myocardium, and exhibit the significant protective effects of ATP-PostC on myocardial reperfusion injury.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 110-121, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905840

ABSTRACT

Objective:To quickly analyze and identify the components in raw and wine-processed products of <italic>Polygonatum cyrtonema</italic> (PC) dried rhizomes by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), and then find out the differential components before and after processing. Method:The ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile as the mobile phase for gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.25 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Electrospray ionization was selected for collection and detection in positive and negative ion modes, and the data were analyzed by PeakView 1.2.0.3. According to the retention time, accurate relative molecular weight and fragmentation ion information provided by MS, and combined with the reference substance and literature, the components were identified. After normalized treatment, the MS data of each sample were analyzed with principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), and then the differential components before and after processing were screened according to the principle that variable importance in the projection (VIP) value was >1. Result:A total of 38 components were identified from raw and wine-processed products of PC dried rhizomes, including 15 steroidal saponins, 6 alkaloids, 3 flavonoids, 2 amino acids, 2 organic acids and 10 others. The results of PCA and OPLS-DA showed that there were significant differences in the contents of components in PC dried rhizomes before and after processing, and 16 differential components such as kingianoside Z, disporopsin and linoleic acid were screened. Conclusion:UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technique can accurately and comprehensively identify the components in PC dried rhizomes, these components are mainly steroidal saponins, flavonoids and alkaloids. It takes a great difference in the contents of components before and after processing, and transformation of the same category components is the main reason for the differences of raw and wine-processed products, which will provide reference for the researches on material basis and processing chemistry of PC dried rhizomes.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1348-1352, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911016

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum lipid levels and the risk of pulmonary embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation.Methods:Patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation admitted to Tianjin Chest Hospital from January 2014 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.According to whether pulmonary embolism was present on CT pulmonary angiography, patients were divided into two groups, the atrial fibrillation with pulmonary embolism group(the AP group)and the control group(the AF group). Clinical data and serum lipid test results were compared between the two groups.The relationship between serum lipid levels and the risk of pulmonary embolism was evaluated.Results:Levels of apolipoprotein A1(ApoA1)and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C)in the AP group were(1.09±0.25)g/L and(1.03±0.28)mmol/L, which were lower than those in the AF group(1.24±0.25)g/L and(1.21±0.37)mmol/L)( t=3.255, P=0.002; t=2.972, P=0.004, respectively). Levels of very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(VLDL-C)in the AP group were(0.41±0.24)mmol/L, which were higher than those in the AF group(0.26±0.18)mmol/L)( t=-3.761, P=0.000). The grade of cardiac function on admission in the AP group was higher than that in the AF group( χ2=13.074, P=0.004). The proportion of patients treated for atrial fibrillation in the AP group was lower than that in the AF group( χ2=5.445, P=0.020). Logistic regression analysis showed that decreased ApoA1 and left cardiac insufficiency were risk factors for pulmonary embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation( OR=8.793, 95% CI: 1.815~42.607, P=0.007; OR=4.388, 95% CI: 1.352~14.244, P=0.014, respectively). Decreased VLDL-C and atrial fibrillation therapy were protective factors for pulmonary embolism( OR=0.180, 95% CI: 0.053~0.610, P=0.006; OR=0.268, 95% CI: 0.072~0.992, P=0.049, respectively). Conclusions:Pulmonary embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation is related to serum lipid levels.Regulating levels of serum lipids may reduce the risk of pulmonary embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 293-300, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882661

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of recombinant adenovirus with human vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (Ad-hVEGF 165) and recombinant adenovirus with human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (Ad-hTIMP-1) on rats with myocardial infarction (MI) and its mechanism. Methods:A total of 30 healthy 8-week-old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: sham-operated group (sham), virus control group (Ad-Track), Ad-hVEGF 165 group, Ad-hTIMP-1 group and Ad-hVEGF 165+Ad-hTIMP-1 group (hVEGF 165+hTIMP-1) ( n=6 per group). Except the sham group, all rats were ligated the left anterior descending coronary artery to induce MI model with ST-segment elevation and Q waves or T-wave inversion on electrocardiogram and local myocardial whitening. The corresponding recombinant adenovirus comprising 100 μL (1×10 10 VP/100 μL) combined with NaCl solution was injected into the myocardial infarction area at four points respectively. The sham group received no treatment. After 4 weeks, all rats were sacrificed after echocardiography was completed and heart tissues were collected. The expression of hVEGF 165 and hTIMP-1 were detected by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA expression of apoptosis-related factors were detected by real-time PCR. The protein expression of apoptosis-related factors were detected by immunohistochemistry. Differences between groups were determined by One-way analysis of variance. Multiple comparisons between groups were performed using the least significant difference t-test. Results:(1) Both heart rate (HR) (480.83±24.09) beats/min, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD) (6.88±0.44) mm and left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVESD) (4.85±0.42) mm were increased in the Ad-Track group than those in the sham group (433.16±17.86) beats/min, (6.20±0.45) mm, (4.06±0.70) mm (all P<0.05), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (62.70±3.17) % and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) (29.52±1.88) % were significantly decreased in the Ad-Track group than those in the sham group (72.78±5.44)%, (29.52±1.88) % (both P<0.01). Compared with the Ad-Track group, LVEF (71.50±6.23) % and LVFS (36.17±5.27) % in the hVEGF 165-hTIMP-1 group were significantly increased (both P<0.01), and LVEDD (6.22±0.39) mm and LVESD (4.13±0.23) mm were decreased (both P<0.05). LVEF and LVFS in the hVEGF 165-hTIMP-1 group were increased significantly than those in the Ad-hVEGF 165 group (64.65±4.00) %, (30.95±2.57) % (both P<0.05). The mRNA expression of BCL2-associated X protein (Bax), cysteine aspartate specific proteinase 3 (Caspase-3) and BCL-xL/BCL-2-associated death promoter (Bad) in the hVEGF 165-hTIMP-1 group were decreased than those in the Ad-Track group ( P<0.01 or P<0.05), and B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (Bcl-2) in the hVEGF 165-hTIMP-1 group were increased than those in the Ad-Track group ( P<0.01). The mRNA expression levels of Bax and Caspase-3 in the hVEGF 165-hTIMP-1 group were decreased than those in the Ad-hVEGF 165 group (both P<0.05). There was no statistically difference in the mRNA expression of Bax, Caspase-3, Bad, and Bcl-2 between the hVEGF 165-hTIMP-1 group and the sham group (all P>0.05). The protein expression of Bax and Caspase-3 in the hVEGF 165-hTIMP-1 group were significantly decreased than those in the Ad-hVEGF 165 group, the Ad-hTIMP-1 group and the Ad-Track group (all P<0.01), and the protein expression of Bcl-2 in the hVEGF 165-hTIMP-1 group was increased than those in the Ad-hVEGF 165 group, the Ad-hTIMP-1 group and the Ad-Track group (all P<0.05). There were no statistically differences in the protein expression of Bax, Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 between the hVEGF 165-hTIMP-1 group and the sham group (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Ad-hVEGF 165 and Ad-hTIMP-1 can improve cardiac contractile function of MI rats and the beneficial effects are largely attributable to inhibiting myocyte apoptosis. The combination of hVEGF 165 and hTIMP-1 may have a synergistic effect on MI.

11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 236-241, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942419

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the variation of genes associated with Usher syndrome type 1(USH1)in 136 Chinese deafness families from Henan province. Methods: The data of 136 deafness families tested by next-generation sequencing(NGS) which identified in the center of genetics and prenatal diagnosis of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from November 2016 to December 2019 were analysized and the variation frequency of six genes related to Usher syndrome type 1(MYO7A, USH1C, CDH23, PCDH15, USH1G, CIB2) were summarized. Results: Five deafness families were detected nine pathogenic or likely pathogenic variations in two genes, accounting for 3.7% of all families. Among them, four families were caused by MYO7A variations and one family was caused by CDH23 variation. Meanwhile, seven variations of two genes were reported for the first time. They were c.313delG, c.5257dupA, c.5435A>T, c.5636G>C, c.5722T>G of MYO7A, and c.155_166del, c.4802delA of CDH23. The patients' vision of family 2 and family 3 had no obvious abnormality at present, but according to genetic diagnosis and walking dealy, they were considered to be USH1. Conclusions: MYO7A is the most common caustive gene associated with USH1 in Henan deafness patients, the application of next-generation sequencing technology can make USH1 patients diagnosed earlier before the visual symptoms appear.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , DNA Mutational Analysis , Deafness/genetics , Mutation , Myosin VIIa , Myosins/genetics , Pedigree , Usher Syndromes/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 190-202, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872810

ABSTRACT

Platycodonis Radix, which was first recorded in the Agriculture God's Canon of Materia Medica. It is a multi-functional drug with a wide range of applications. The processing of Platycodonis Radix has been recorded as early as in the Jin dynasty, and has a long history of processing. Today, in addition to the washing, cutting and stir-frying with honey, there have also been more than 20 kinds of processing methods, such as stir-frying with wine, stir-frying with bran, stir-frying with Lilii Bulbus juice and so on. The ancients believed that Platycodonis Radix could enhance the effect of diffusing the lung, promoting pharynx and relieving cough by processing. In terms of the chemical compositions in Platycodonis Radix, more than 100 compositions, like triterpenoid saponins, flavonoids, phenols, sterols, polysaccharides and polyacetylenes, have been isolated and identified from it. Among them, triterpenoid saponins are the essential compositions. In addition, Platycodonis Radix has the pharmacological effects of expectorant, antitussive, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, etc. The medicinal ingredients of Platycodonis Radix are mainly triterpenoid saponins and polysaccharides. Among them, triterpenoid saponins have diverse biological activities, which lead it to be one of the hotspots of current researches. Platycodonis Radix has a good role in promoting lung and removing phlegm. After being processed, its medicinal effects are enhanced. It is complex and diverse in compositions of Platycodonis Radix so that has rich pharmacological activities. On the basis of sorting out the literature, this paper discusses the processing history, chemical composition and pharmacological effect of Platycodonis Radix, in order to provide reference for the special processing and modern research of Platycodonis Radix. Furtherly, it provides a theoretical basis for the research of its processing mechanism and quality control.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 47-51, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799087

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the clinical value of uterine curettage ultrasound in the evaluation of cesarean section scar pregnancy (CSP) after uterine arterial chemoembolization (UAE).@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis were performed in 42 patients who took uterine curettage within 24-48 hours after UAE treatment in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2015 to June 2018. The ultrasonic manifestations were graded and classified before UAE. The intraoperative and postoperative complications, time of β-human chorionic gonadotrophin declined to normal limits were evaluated, and the formation of hematoma and hematoma absorption time were followed up by ultrasound.@*Results@#UAE was performed successfully in all patients. The ultrasound-guided scar pregnancy was successfully completed. The uterus was successfully retained in all patients.Among the 42 patients, 18 cases were 3 scores group, and 24 cases were 4 scores group according to the ultrasonic scoring system. Two cases were type Ⅰgroup, 25 cases were type Ⅱ group, and 15 cases were type Ⅲ group according to the ultrasonic classification. The amount of intraoperative complications, postoperative mass formation and absorption time were significantly different between 3 scores group and 4 scores group (P<0.05). No significant differences were found in intraoperative complications, postoperative complications, postoperative mass formation and β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) value among different ultrasonic classification groups (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Ultrasonography has clinical application value in evaluating the prognosis of CSP treated with UAE. Ultrasonic scoring system can evaluate the efficacy and is helpful for predicting clinical outcome of CSP.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 230-234, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781459

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#to explore the value of capillary electrophoresis in screening β- thalassemia of children, and to establish the cutoff values of HbA2 and HbF in our laboratory.@*METHODS@#The data of hemoglobin capillary electrophoresis and genetic diagnosis of β- thalassemia from 886 examined children were retrospectively analyzed. The cutoff values of HbA2 and HbF were determined by ROC curve.@*RESULTS@#The cutoff value of HbA2 screening minor β- thalassemia was 3.65%, the specificity was 0.996, and the sensitivity was 0.995. The cut-off value of HbF for screening minor β- thalassemia was 1.45%, specificity was 0.751 and sensitivity was 0.675. Thus, 1 case with codon5 (CCT→C) mutation, 1 case with SEA -HPFH β deletion, 1 case with - 28 (A→G) merger IVS-Ι-128 (T→G) double heterozygous mutations yet were found out, 1 case with 47 bp β gene missing has not yet been reported in literature.@*CONCLUSION@#Capillary electrophoresis has more high sensitivity and specificity in the screening of β- thalassemia in children, especially for the detection of rare β- thalassemia.

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Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 443-448, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868031

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Objective:To evaluate the myocardial reserve effect in rabbits′ model of myocardial inshemia-reperfusion by layer-specific strain of speckle tracking imaging and low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography(LDDSE).Methods:Forty rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: ischemia-reperfusion group (IR group) and pharmacological postconditioning group (ATP-PostC group). Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline, 60 min after ligation (before and after dobutamine stress), and 120 min after reperfusion (before and after dobutamine stress). The size of each chamber was measured and the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) was calculated and the heart rate was recorded. The longitudinal strain of endocardium(SLsys-endo), longitudinal strain of myocardium(SLsys-mid), longitudinal strain of epicardium(SLsys-epi) were acquired. Triphenyl tetrazolium chloride(TTC) and Evans blue staining were applied in two rabbits randomly selected from each group at 60 min after ligation, dobutamine stress and 120 min after reperfusion, respectively.Results:①After coronary artery ligation, LVEF decreased in both groups( P<0.05), SLsys-endo, SLsys-mid, and SLsys-epi decreased in two groups( P<0.01). After low dose dobutamine stress, the SLsys-endo, SLsys-mid and SLsys-epi in the two groups increased, which was different from that after lagation( P<0.05). ②After 120 min reperfusion, the longitudinal strain of the myocardium of both groups increased compared with that after lagation( P<0.01, P<0.05), and the increase in ATP-PostC group was significantly higher than that in IR group( P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the IR group and the first LDDSE( P<0.05). After LDDSE again, the SLsys-endo and SLsys-mid in the two groups further increased, which was different from that after reperfusion ( P<0.05). And the SLsys-endo and SLsys-mid were higher in ATP-PostC group than those in IR group ( P<0.05). ③Pathological results showed that there was no significant difference in myocardial infarct size between IR group and ATP-PostC group at 60 min after ligation ( P>0.05). After 120 min reperfusion, the percentage of myocardial infarct size in the IR group was significantly higher than that in the ATP-PostC group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Layer-specific strain of STI combined with LDDSE can early detect regional myocardial dysfunction and accurately assess myocardial reserve function, and with endocardial longitudinal strain being more sensitive.

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Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 421-426, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868023

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Objective:To classify the ultrasound features of ovarian tumors by modified gynecology imaging reporting and data system(mGI-RADS), and explore the clinical value of mGI-RADS in differentiating of benign and malignant tumors.Methods:The 242 ultrasound images of the adnexal mass from 221 patients with ovarian tumor who underwent ultrasound scan and proceeded surgeries in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from September 2017 and December 2019 were involved in the retrospective analysis and compared with the pathological results. According to the latest ultrasound terminology for adnexal masses proposed by the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA), the adnexal masses were classified. The suspeted malignant sings were screened for mGI-RADS. Using GI-RADS and mGI-RADS classification systems, all the adnexal masses were double-blindly classified by two senior doctors and their diagnostic efficiencies were evaluated.Results:Among the suspected malignant signs proposed by IOTA, resistance index (RI)<0.5, central blood flow signal, ascites, irregular cystic wall with uneven thickness separation, mass composition (solid component ≥30% and silent shadow attenuation), and papillary structure≥7 mm, showed retatively higher OR values(14.282, 10.372, 9.653, 8.832, 5.851, 4.506, respectively. Using GI-RADS and mGI-RADS classification systems, the diagnostic consistency by the two senior doctors in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms was good(Kappa=0.767, P<0.05). Grade Ⅳ was divided into three subtypes (Ⅳa, Ⅳb, Ⅳc) by the mGI-RADS, and their positive predictive values for malignant ovarian masses were 69.0%, 90.4% and 92.9% respectively. When a cut-off value >mGRⅣ was used to distinguish the benign and malignant adnexal tumors, the AUC was the largest, and its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 93.4%, 93.1%, 90.4%, 95.2% and 93.2%, respectively. Conclusions:The mGI-RADS has a high clinical value in the differential diagnosis of ovarian tumors.

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Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 47-51, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867975

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Objective:To assess the clinical value of uterine curettage ultrasound in the evaluation of cesarean section scar pregnancy (CSP) after uterine arterial chemoembolization (UAE).Methods:Retrospective analysis were performed in 42 patients who took uterine curettage within 24-48 hours after UAE treatment in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2015 to June 2018. The ultrasonic manifestations were graded and classified before UAE. The intraoperative and postoperative complications, time of β-human chorionic gonadotrophin declined to normal limits were evaluated, and the formation of hematoma and hematoma absorption time were followed up by ultrasound.Results:UAE was performed successfully in all patients. The ultrasound-guided scar pregnancy was successfully completed. The uterus was successfully retained in all patients.Among the 42 patients, 18 cases were 3 scores group, and 24 cases were 4 scores group according to the ultrasonic scoring system. Two cases were type Ⅰgroup, 25 cases were type Ⅱ group, and 15 cases were type Ⅲ group according to the ultrasonic classification. The amount of intraoperative complications, postoperative mass formation and absorption time were significantly different between 3 scores group and 4 scores group ( P<0.05). No significant differences were found in intraoperative complications, postoperative complications, postoperative mass formation and β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) value among different ultrasonic classification groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Ultrasonography has clinical application value in evaluating the prognosis of CSP treated with UAE. Ultrasonic scoring system can evaluate the efficacy and is helpful for predicting clinical outcome of CSP.

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Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 278-281, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743361

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Purpose To describe the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, and prognosis of secretory breast carcinoma (SBC). Methods Clinicopathological and follow-up data of six SBC patients were collected. Histopathologic analysis was performed on hematoxylin and eosinstained (HE) section. Immunohistochemical staining was performed by En Vision two-step method and ETV6 gene detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), then relevant literatures were reviewed. Results The ages of the patients ranged from 6 to 76 years with a mean age of 38.7 years, including one male and five female patients. The right breast was involved in 4 cases, and the left, in 2 cases. Five cases showed painless breast mass while one presented with a nipple discharge. The tumor size ranged from 1.0 to 3.1 cm with a mean size of 2.0 cm. Most of the tumors were circumscribed, solid gray white to light brown. Histologically, tumor showed solid nested microcystic, glandular or papillary pattern separating by hyaline fibrous tissue and growed in multiple nodular from. The cytoplasm contains abundant eosinophilic secretions or secretory vesicles. Immunhistochemistry, all cases were positive for CK7, S-100 and CEA, but negative for estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PR) and HER-2, and the proliferation index Ki-67 ranged from 10% to 40%. Molecular testing confirmed the presence of the EVT6 gene translocation in one case. Lumpectomy was performed in 2 cases and modified radical mastectomy in 4 cases, two of them had lymph node metastasis (3/15, 1/16). Five cases were followed up for 6 months to 20 years, 1 case had lung metastasis. Conclusion SBC is a rare breast tumor with relatively indolent clinical and good prognosis. It can be diagnosed according to typical pathological morphology and immunohistochemical characteristics. The characteristic EVT6 gene translocation also has important differential diagnostic value.

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Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 584-587, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756199

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Objective To explore the effect of bilateral hand function training on the hand function of stroke survivors.Methods Thirty-one patients with unilateral hand dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an experimental group of 16 and a control group of 15.Both groups were given 60 minutes of hand function training of their affected hands daily,five days a week for 4 weeks.The experimental group was additionally provided with 40 minutes of bilateral hand training on the basis of the aforementioned intervention.Before the treatment and after the 4 weeks,integrated surface electromyography (iEMG) signals were recorded from both hands' flexor and extensor muscles.Both groups were also assessed using the Fugl-Meyer motor assessment for the upper extremities (FMA-UE).Results After the treatment,the average iEMG of the flexor and extensor muscles during flexion and extension were significantly better than before the treatment in both groups.There was no significant difference between the two groups in their average iEMGs before the treatment,but afterward significant differences were observed in all the iEMG measurements.After the treatment the average total FMA-UE score of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group.Conclusion Bilateral hand function training is significantly more effective than unilateral training in promoting the recovery of flexor and extensor muscle function after a stroke.

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Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 538-543, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754841

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the changes of myocardial viability and systolic function in rabbits with different ischemic periods by layer‐specific strain of ultrasound speckled tracking imaging ( ST I) and low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography ( LDDSE ) . Methods T hirty‐six rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups( n =12) : ①myocardial infarction group Ⅰ :coronary artery occlusion for 45 min ; ②myocardial infarction group Ⅱ :coronary artery occlusion for 60 min ; ③ myocardial infarction group Ⅲ :coronary artery occlusion for 90 min . Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline ,after ligation and low dose dobutamine stress . After the experiment ,rabbits were killed and the hearts were taken to assess viable or nonviable mycardium , triphenyl tetrazolium chloride and Evans blue staining were applied . Results ①After coronary artery ligation ,left ventricular ejection fraction( LVEF) decreased in 3 groups ( all P < 0 .05 ) , the ventricular global endocardial longitudinal strain ( GSLsys‐endo ) , global myocardial longitudinal strain( GSLsys‐mid) ,and global epicardial longitudinal strain( GSLsys‐epi) decreased in 3 groups ( all P < 0 .05 ) ,the longitudinal strain of endocardium ( SLsys‐endo ) ,longitudinal strain of myocardium ( SLsys‐mid) ,longitudinal strain of epicardium ( SLsys‐epi) decreased in viable myocardial ( all P<0 .05) ; ②While low dose dobutamine stressing ,the GSLsys and SLsys increased in each groups ,and the GSLsys‐endo ,GSLsys‐mid ,GSLsys‐epi and SLsys‐endo of viable segments in each group were increased ( P<0 .05) ; ③After ligation and low dose dobutamine stress ,the GSLsys in endocardium in three groups were different( P <0 .05) ,and the SLsys in endocardium of viable segments in three groups were different ( P<0 .05) . Conclusions Layer‐specific strain of STI combined with LDDSE can accurately evaluate the changes of myocardial viability and systolic function in different ischemic periods ,and the longitudinal strain of endocardium is more sensitive ;moreover ,with the increase of coronary artery occlusion time ,the infarcted myocardium increases ,myocardial viability and systolic function decrease .

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