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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 29-33, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005900

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between the concentration of air pollutants (PM10, SO2, NO2) and the number of outpatient and emergency visits for pediatric respiratory diseases in a general hospital in Shanghai. Methods Data including pediatric respiratory disease outpatient and emergency visits in a hospital in Pudong New Area of Shanghai from May 1, 2013 to March 20, 2022 were collected. Daily concentration of air pollutants including PM10, SO2 and NO2 and meteorological data in Pudong New Area during the same period were collected. A case-crossover study with distributed lag non-linear model was conducted to explore the correlation between air pollutants (PM10, SO2, NO2) and the number of outpatient and emergency visits for pediatric respiratory diseases. Results The concentrations of PM10, SO2 and NO2 were positively with the number of outpatient and emergency visits for pediatric respiratory diseases. The strongest cumulative effect was observed on six days lag (Lag0-5) for PM10. For a 10 μg/m3 increase of the concentrations of PM10, the corresponding increase of cumulative pediatric respiratory disease outpatients was 1.10% (95%CI:0.97%, 1.23%) in Lag0-5. The strongest cumulative effect was observed on eight days lag (Lag0-7) for SO2 and NO2. For a 10 μg /m3 increase of the concentrations of SO2 and NO2, the corresponding increase of cumulative pediatric respiratory disease outpatients was 5.64% (95%CI:5.16%, 6.13%) and 5.41% (95%CI:5.15%, 5.66%) in Lag 0-7, respectively. The association of PM10 and SO2 with the number of pediatric respiratory disease visits in males was significantly stronger than that in females. The impact of PM10 on the number of pediatric respiratory disease visits in children aged 0-6 was higher than that in children aged 7-14, while the impact of SO2 and NO2 on the number of pediatric respiratory disease visits in children aged 7-14 was higher than that in children aged 0-6. Conclusion The concentration of ambient PM10, SO2, and NO2 is positively correlated with outpatient and emergency visits for pediatric respiratory diseases, with obvious lag and cumulative effect. Boys and children aged 0-6 are more susceptible to the hazard of air pollution.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 202-213, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005432

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to identify the related substances of phloroglucinol injection by two-dimensional liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (2D-LC-Q-TOF/MS). The first-dimensional separation was carried out on an HSS T3 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) column by gradient elution using 1.36 g·L-1 potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer solution (pH adjusted to 3.0 with diluted phosphoric acid) and acetonitrile as the mobile phases. The separated components were then trapped in switch valve tube lines respectively and delivered to the second-dimensional desalting gradient elution which was performed with a BDS C18 (100 mm × 4.6 mm, 2.4 μm) column using 0.1% formic acid and methanol as the mobile phases. After rapid desalting, electrospray-ionization quadrupole time-of-flight high resolution mass spectrometry was used for determining the accurate masses and elemental compositions of the parents and their product ions for both phloroglucinol and its related substance. Structures of the related substances were then figured out by mass spectrometry elucidation, organic reaction mechanism analysis, and/or comparison with reference substances. Under the established analytical conditions, phloroglucinol and its related substances were adequately separated, 17 main related substances were detected and identified in the injection and its stressed samples for the first time. The identification results can provide reference for the quality control of phloroglucinol injection.

3.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 483-489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987669

ABSTRACT

@#Cinnabaris(α-HgS) is a mineral traditional Chinese material medica, as a tranquilizer and sedative, which is widely used in combination with herbs for the treatment of children high fever and convulsion.However, a large amount of mercury in Cinnabaris poses a potential risk to the immature central nervous system of children and probably causes severe memory disorders.Inthisstudy,three groups of juvenile rats were given low, medium, and high doses of Cinnabaris by oral gavage once a day for 14 continuous weeks, respectively.The blood mercury concentrations of the rats at different growth phases were monitored by atomic fluorescence spectrometry.The brain structural and functional changes related to the memory functions were investigated through HE staining and Morris water-maze test. Correlation analysis was conducted to clarify the dose- mercury exposure-toxic effect relationship of Cinnabaris and memory disorders.It was found thatthe blood mercury levels increased in both time- and dose-dependent manner.After the 14-week continuous administration of Cinnabaris, the pathological lesions in hippocampal neurons of rats in the high dose group were observed including pyknosis and disordered cell arrangement.In the Morris water-maze test, compared with the control group, rats in the high dose group exhibited the significantly prolonged latency to find the platform and the target quadrant, and the time spent in the target quadrant was obviously shortened. Thus, the significant correlations were established between Cinnabaris dose and mercury exposure,mercury exposure and memory disorders, respectively. In conclusion, the long-term and overdose administration of Cinnabaris in juvenile rats can increase the in-vivo mercury level, destroy the normal hippocampal morphological structure, and lead to memory disorders. This study provided scientific references for the potential mercury poisoning risks pharmacovigilance of Cinnabaris-containing paediatric formulations.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 447-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965711

ABSTRACT

An open reading frame (ORF) of isopentenyl-diphosphate delta isomerase gene (FuIPI) was cloned from Fritillaria unibracteata Hsiao et K. C. Hsia. (F. unibracteata). Furthermore, the bioinformatics and functional analyses of FuIPI were performed in this study. The result showed that, the ORF of FuIPI gene was 825 bp, encoding a polypeptide of 274 amino acids in length, with a relative molecular mass of about 31 kD and a theoretical isoelectric point of 5.61. Sequence analysis showed that FuIPI contained conserved structural domains and key residues involved in the catalyzing process. The phylogenetic analysis exhibited that FuIPI was closely related to IPIs of Dendrobium officinale and Musa acuminate. Real-time PCR analysis showed that FuIPI was distributed in different tissues of F. unibracteata, but had the highest transcriptional level in leaves, followed by stems, bulbs, and flowers. Furthermore, the FuIPI protein was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The purified FuIPI protein successfully catalyzed the conversion from isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) to dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP). The above results provided a theoretical basis for further investigation of the molecular role of FuIPI in the biosynthesis of alkaloids.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1885-1891, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981407

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Humulus scandens, this study isolated thirteen compounds by different chromatographic methods including silica gel column, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and preparative HPLC. Based on comprehensive analysis, the chemical structures were elucidated and identified as citrunohin A(1), chrysosplenetin(2), casticin(3), neoechinulin A(4), ethyl 1H-indole-3-carboxylate(5), 3-hydroxyacetyl-indole(6),(1H-indol-3-yl) oxoacetamide(7), inonotusic acid(8), arteannuin B(9), xanthotoxol(10), α-tocopherol quinone(11), eicosanyl-trans-p-coumarate(12), and 9-oxo-(10E,12E)-octadecadienoic acid(13). Among them, compound 1 was a new dihydrochalcone, and the other compounds were obtained from H. scandens for the first time.


Subject(s)
Humulus , Chalcones , Indoles , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry
6.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 194-196, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994705

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of 3 pregnant women with primary hyperparathyroidism admitted in Jinan Maternal and Child Health Hospital from 2013 to 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. Hyperparathyroidism was diagnosed during pregnancy in all 3 cases. The clinical manifestations were non-specific, such as nausea, vomiting, anorexia, and fatigue. Patients also had gallbladder stones (1 case), gallbladder polyps (1 case), and renal parenchyma changes (2 cases). The hypercalcemia crisis occurred in all 3 cases, the blood Ca 2+ levels were 4.11 mmol/L, 2.92-3.82 mmol/L and 3.49-4.10 mmol/L, respectively; and preeclampsia developed in 2 cases. Sudden death occurred in case 1 who did not receive effective treatment during pregnancy; blood calcium was well controlled during pregnancy in case 2, and her neonate had hypocalcemia with good prognosis; case 3 underwent surgical treatment in early pregnancy, and then had missed abortion. Pathological examination revealed parathyroid tumors in all 3 cases.

7.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 295-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991695

ABSTRACT

In the outbreak of COVID-19,triage procedures based on epidemiology were implemented in a local hospital in Changsha to control the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and avoid healthcare-associated infection.This re-trospective study analyzed the data collected during the triage period and found that COVID-19 patients were en-riched 7 folds into the Section A designated for patients with obvious epidemiological history.On the other side,nearly triple amounts of visits were received at the Section B for patients without obvious epidemiological history.8 COVID-19 cases were spotted out of 247 suspected patients.More than 50%of the suspected patients were submi-tted to multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis for SARS-CoV-2 infection.Of the 239 patients who were diagnosed as negative of the virus infection,188 were successfully revisited and none was reported as COVID-19 case.Of the 8 COVID-19 patients,3 were confirmed only after multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis.Besides comorbidities,delayed sharing of epidemiological history added complexity to the diagnosis in practice.The triaging experience and strategy will be helpful for the control of infectious diseases in the future.

8.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 743-748, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003594

ABSTRACT

@#The in vitro release is an important index to evaluate the quality of liposome formulation.Currently, there is no evaluation method for the in vitro release of liposome in pharmacopoeia of various countries, which leads to the lack of unified standard and safety guarantee for the quality evaluation of liposome formulation.Taking the self-made paclitaxel derivative liposomes as an example, the paddle membrane binding method established by optimizing external release conditions was used to simulate the complete release of paclitaxel derivative drugs in 12 hours under physiological conditions.The results showed that using 0.5% SDS-HEPES as the release medium and a dialysis bag with a molecular weight cutoff of 1 000 kD to release the liposome solution met the requirements and had discrimination ability, providing a reference for the development of drug-loaded liposomes release methods in vitro.

9.
Journal of the Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health ; : 193-204, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001917

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This systematic review aimed to investigate the effects of aromatherapy interventions on depression and anxiety in menopausal women. @*Methods@#This study adhered to PRISMA (preferred reporting items of systemic reviews and meta-analysis) guidelines. Relevant studies published between 1994 and 2002 were searched in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Google Scholar, DBPIA, KISS, and RISS databases. Search criteria included the mesh terms 'aromatherapy menopause women depression anxiety.' The review included randomized and nonrandomized studies of women who were menopausal or postmenopausal and received aromatherapy intervention for depression and anxiety associated with symptoms of menopause. The extracted literature was evaluated via quality appraisal checklists of ROB 2 (Risk of Bias 2.0) and ROBINS-1 (Risk Of Bias In Non-Randomized Studies - of Interventions) and visualized using a risk-of-bias visualization tool. @*Results@#The review included 6 randomized controlled studies and 2 quasi-experimental studies. The results showed that aromatherapy massage and inhalation therapy were effective in reducing depression and had beneficial effects in reducing anxiety, improving quality of sleep, and menopausal symptoms in menopausal women. @*Conclusion@#Interventions using aromatic essential oils to massage the hands, arms, back, and scalp or inhalation of aromatic oils from clothing, necklaces, and bedding might be beneficial for the emotional health of menopausal women. Women health professionals should consider applying aromatherapy to menopausal women to improve emotional health, sleep, and menopausal symptoms.

10.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1069-1074, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930744

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of turning head to the opposite insertion side on catheter heterotopia and degree of comfort among PICC catheter patients.Methods:The inpatients with PICC catheter in Hepatological Surgery of Changzhi People′s Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were collected as research object, patients from January to December 2018 was assignment to the control group, patients from January to December 2018 was assignment to the experimental group, with 174 cases in each group. They were catheterized with turning head to the opposite insertion side and turning head to the PICC insertion side, respectively. The incidence of catheter heterotopia, complications as well as degree of comfort during the placement of PICC were compared between the two groups.Results:The successful cases of one-time delivery tube and occurred catheter heterotopia were 97.1% (169/174) and 1.2% (2/174) in the experimental group, the index mentioned above were 91.4% (159/174) and 7.5% (13/174) in the control group, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( χ2=5.30, 8.43, both P<0.05). The results from survival curve analysis demonstrated that the occurred of catheter-related venous thrombosis and catheter-related bloodstream infections were significantly lower in the experimental group compared to the control group ( χ2=15.23, 8.76, both P<0.05). The score of comfort during the placement of PICC was (15.00 ± 2.19) in the experimental group, which was significantly lower than (16.86 ± 1.88) points in the control group ( t=8.49, P<0.05). Conclusions:Adopting turning head to the opposite insertion side method can improve the success rate of one-time delivery tube, reduce the incidence of catheter heterotopia and reduce the discomfort of patients during PICC catheterization.

11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 460-464, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the surgical strategy of coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) for moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation(IMR), and to clarify the impact of mitral valve surgical intervention(MVS) on the long-term prognosis of such patients.Methods:The clinical data of 234 consecutive patients with moderate IMR who received CABG from January 2013 to December 2018 were retrospectively included, with 184 males and 50 females. The age ranged from 29 to 78 years, with a mean of(61.5 ± 8.7) years old. According to whether MVS was performed at the same time, they were divided into CABG group(108 cases, CABG alone) and CABG+ MVS group(126 cases, CABG+ MVS at the same time). The long-term cardiac events, all-cause deaths, major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events(MACCE) and other end events were followed up. A matching queue was established by propensity matching score for statistical analysis.Results:After propensity matching score, a matching queue was established, including 78 pairs of patients. Survival analysis showed that the incidence of long-term cardiac events and postoperative new onset atrial fibrillation in CABG+ MVS group was significantly higher( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in all-cause mortality, cardiogenic mortality, and the incidence of MACCE events( P>0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that simultaneous CABG+ MVS was a risk factor for long-term cardiac events and new postoperative atrial fibrillation. The results of subgroup studies showed that for patients without tricuspid regurgitation before operation, left ventricular end diastolic diameter>55 mm, and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) ≤0.55, the probability of cardiac events after MVS at the same time of CABG was higher( P<0.05). However, patients with no tricuspid regurgitation before operation, left ventricular end diastolic diameter>55 mm, LVEF≤0.55, and left atrial diameter≥40 mm had a higher probability of atrial fibrillation after MVS at the same time of CABG( P<0.05). Conclusion:CABG can improve left ventricular remodeling in patients with moderate IMR, whether MVS intervention is performed at the same time or not, and the long-term survival rate of both is similar. CABG+ MVS in the same period can maintain a low residual reflux, but the incidence of long-term cardiac events and arrhythmias is high. The longer-term prognosis needs to be further studied. The surgical strategy of such patients should be selected individually according to the specific situation and the surgical quality in medical centers.

12.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 467-472, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939971

ABSTRACT

@#The waste water-based epidemiology is an important technique to fight against drug abuse by analyzing the concentration of illicit drugs in urban sewage, which can monitor the abuse of drugs.An SPE-UPLC-MS/MS method was developed for the analysis of 12 common drugs and their metabolites involving amphetamine and morphine.It was shown that the best result was achieved when hydrochloric acid/ acetonitrile (5∶95) was added to acidify the sample during the concentration process, guaranteeing the anti-across contamination of the analysis of organic nitrogen basic trace components, and improve the stability, specificity, and accuracy of the method.The optimized method meets the analytical requirements of complex sewage samples, and has been successfully applied to the assessment of urban drug abuse through sewage analysis.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2786-2790, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941508

ABSTRACT

One undescribed diterpenoid acid and six compounds were isolated from the 95% ethanol fraction of Pinus kesiya var. langbianensis (A.Chev.) Gaussen ex Bui resin by using various chromatographic methods, including MCI Gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS, silica gel and semi-preparative HPLC. The planar structures were identified by spectroscopy methods (1D, 2D NMR, UV, IR, MS, etc.), and the absolute configuration of the new compound was determined by ECD calculation. Compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 2, 5-7 were isolated from Pinus kesiya var. langbianensis (A.Chev.) Gaussen ex Bui for the first time.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 481-486, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognostic value of hemopoietic scoring system composed of hemoglobin (HB), platelet count (PLT) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) in MM patients and its correlation with curative effect.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 172 newly diagnosed MM patients treated by bortezomib as the first-line regimen in our hospital from May 2014 to December 2019 were collected, three variables (HB≤100 g/L, PLT≤150×109/L, MCV≥96 fl) were introduced, each variable was distributed 1 score, the patients were divided into four groups (0, 1, 2 and 3 points in group 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively), and the clinical characteristics and prognosis of the patients in the four groups were analyzed. The initial efficacy evaluation after 3-4 courses of treatment was carried out, and the curative effect of the patients in the different hematopoiesis score groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The median OS time of the patients in group 1, 2, 3 and 4 was 27.0, 22.5, 20.7 and 18.1 months, while the median PFS time were 23.0, 19.0, 18.0 and 14.0 months, respectively. The OS and PFS of the patients in low score group were significantly better than those in high score group (P=0.045, P=0.048). There was no significant difference in the curative effect of the patients treated by bortezomib after 3-4 courses (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hematopoiesis score can preliminarily predict the overall survival of newly diagnosed MM patients, but there is no significant difference between different scoring groups in the initial curative effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Erythrocyte Indices , Hemoglobins/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 170-174, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928688

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy and safety of different chemotherapy regimens in elderly multiple myeloma (MM) patients with different Frailty scores.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of elderly patients with MM were retrospectively analyzed, including age, treatment regimen, efficacy, adverse reactions, and the Frailty score included in the activity of daily living score, the instrumental activity of daily living scale and the Charlson comorbidity index. The patients were divided into fit group, mediate fit group and frail group according to the scoring standard. The treatment efficiency and adverse reaction rates of elderly MM with different physical conditions treated by different chemotherapy regimens were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 70 patients, the effective rates of the patients in fit group, the mediate fit group, and the frail group were 79.5%, 81%, and 40%, and the effective rates of the fit patients in double and triple groups were 54.5% and 89.3%, 70% and 90.9% for mediate fit patients, 42.9% and 33.3% for frail patients, the triple regimen in fit patients showed obvious advantages, and the difference showed statistically significant (P<0.05), while the efficacy for mediate patients and frail patients showed no significant difference. During the induction of bortezomib, the incidence of adverse reactions for the patients in the triple group (78.6%) was higher than 67.9% in the double group, and the difference showed no statistically significant (P>0.05).There was no significant difference in the 1-year overall survival rate of the patients and with molecular genetic abnormalities among each groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect is related to the patient's physical condition. For patients with healthy physique, the triple regimen should be used first. For patients with weak physical constitution, the chemotherapy regimen with low drug toxicity should be selected for safety.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Bortezomib , Frailty , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 141-145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of multiple myeloma patients with myelofibrosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 263 patients with multiple myeloma (including 92 patients with myelofibrosis) treated in the department of hematology of our hospital from January 1, 2016 to June 31, 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed, the patients were divided into combined group and uncombined group. The MM stage, MM type, genetic characteristics and therapeutic effect of the patients in combined group and uncombined group were observed, and the relationship between the curative effect and the degree of myelofibrosis change of the patients in combined group was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There was no statistically difference in the MM staging and classification between multiple myeloma patients with or without myelofibrosis (P>0.05). The positive rate of FISH results of the patients in combined group was significantly higher than those in uncombined group, and was significantly correlated to 1q21 amplification, D13S319 deletion, and IgH breakage (P<0.05). After treatment, the effective rate of the patients in uncombined group was significantly higher than those in combined group, and the degree of fibrosis in the effective patients in combined group was significantly reduced.@*CONCLUSION@#The survival rate of the patients with multiple myeloma complicated with myelofibrosis is shorter than that of the patients without myelofibrosis, and the overall prognosis is poor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Primary Myelofibrosis/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Genomics & Informatics ; : e48-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966850

ABSTRACT

Penalized regression has been widely used in genome-wide association studies for jointanalyses to find genetic associations. Among penalized regression models, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) method effectively removes some coefficientsfrom the model by shrinking them to zero. To handle group structures, such as genes andpathways, several modified Lasso penalties have been proposed, including group Lasso andsparse group Lasso. Group Lasso ensures sparsity at the level of pre-defined groups, eliminating unimportant groups. Sparse group Lasso performs group selection as in group Lasso,but also performs individual selection as in Lasso. While these sparse methods are useful inhigh-dimensional genetic studies, interpreting the results with many groups and coefficients is not straightforward. Lasso's results are often expressed as trace plots of regressioncoefficients. However, few studies have explored the systematic visualization of group information. In this study, we propose a multi-level polar Lasso (MP-Lasso) chart, which caneffectively represent the results from group Lasso and sparse group Lasso analyses. An Rpackage to draw MP-Lasso charts was developed. Through a real-world genetic data application, we demonstrated that our MP-Lasso chart package effectively visualizes the resultsof Lasso, group Lasso, and sparse group Lasso.

18.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 314-322, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929469

ABSTRACT

@#At present , methamphetamine has become a major hidden danger in global public health safety. In order to judge methamphetamine addicts and methamphetamine abstainers more scientifically and reliably, this study analyzed the endogenous metabolites in plasma, serum and urine of methamphetamine addicts, methamphetamine abstainers and healthy volunteers by highly sensitive high-throughput liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-QTOF-MS) analytical instrument. The obtained metabolomic data were processed by univariate analysis (t-test) and multivariate analysis (PLS-DA and OPLS-DA) and eligible potential biomarkers were then screened.The identified biomarkers set enrichment analysis to find the connection between metabolites and metabolic pathways.Multivariate statistical results showed that methamphetamine acute group, recovery group and healthy group were clearly separated.3, 18 and 6 regulated metabolites were identified in serum, plasma and urine, respectively, suggesting that lipid metabolism was abnormal in methamphetamine acute group, and that fatty acid metabolism, sulfate/sulfite metabolism and sex hormone metabolism were abnormal in methamphetamine recovery group.The selected potential biomarkers in this study provide the possibility for scientific judgment of the clinical stage of methamphetamine detoxification.

19.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 444-446, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004287

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the optimized strategy of alanine aminotransferase(ALT) screening before blood donation, in order to reduce the waste of blood resources. 【Methods】 The blood donation scrapping of one blood center in Chongqing from January to April 2020 was analyzed retrospectively. The correlation between ALT test results by dry chemistry method and rate method in 500 blood donors, with ALT level close to the limit, was analyzed, and the abnormal rates of retest were stratified by initial results of ALT dry chemical method. 【Results】 Among blood donors enrolled in this study, the rate of ALT abnormality(0.89%, 43/4 846)was significantly higher than that of HBV (0.25%, 12/4 846), HCV (0.43%, 21/4 846) and HIV (0.19%, 9/4 846)(P<0.05). For the samples with pre-donation ALT close to the limit (40 U/L≤ALT≤50 U/L), a weak correlation between the results of dry chemistry method and rate method was observed, with correlation coefficient at 0.33 (P<0.05). The abnormal rates in retest were significantly higher in 45 U/L≤ ALT ≤50 U/L (10.7%, 22/206) group than that in the ALT < 45U/L group(P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The ALT limit before blood donation should be set to 45 U/L. For blood donors with ALT within the range of (45~50) U / L, blood donation should be deferred until they passed retests by rate method.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 588-594, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014851

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a novel type of cell death, characterized by iron overload and lipid metabolism disorders, and is closely related to the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, tumors, and acute injuries. When tissues and organs of the body are in a state of ischemia and hypoxia, iron ions initiate lipid peroxidation and produce a large number of oxygen free radicals. A series of oxidative stress reactions are more likely to trigger ferroptosis. In the process of cervical spondylosis of vertebral artery type, insufficient blood supply to the vertebral artery caused by degenerative changes of the cervical spine leads to imbalance of iron homeostasis and abnormal amino acid metabolism. Then ferroptosis is induced and plays an important role in the development of cervical spondylosis of vertebral artery type. This paper reviewed the mechanism of ferroptosis in the occurrence of cervical spondylosis of vertebral artery type, in order to provide new ideas and perspectives for the study of related problems of the disease.

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