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1.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 225-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970743

ABSTRACT

Esfenvalerate is a kind of commonly used highly effective pyrethroid insecticide. It is common for people who are poisoned by contact or misuse, but rarely reported for people who are poisoned by intramuscular injection. This paper reports a case of intramuscular injection of esfenvalerate in the Department of Infection, West China Hospital of Sichuan University in November 2021. The patient was intramuscularly injected with about 20 ml of esfenvalerate, inducing the sense of swelling and tingling, degeneration and necrosis of striated muscle tissue at the injection site, also liver function damage and other manifestations. The patient was discharged from hospital after rehydration, accelerating poison metabolism, anti-infection, liver protection and local puncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Insecticides , Injections, Intramuscular , Pyrethrins , Nitriles/metabolism
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4829-4833, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008652

ABSTRACT

Evidence-based medicine plays an important role in promoting the scientific nature of clinical decision-making. Howe-ver, there is a problem where evidence derived from clinical research may not necessarily be applicable to individual patients. Evidence-based medicine has been introduced into the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) for over 20 years, and although certain achievements have been made, the overall level of clinical research evidence based on the principles of evidence-based medicine in TCM is not high. The acceptance of TCM diagnosis and treatment guidelines developed based on evidence-based medicine methods is generally low. As revealed by the analysis of the problems in the application of evidence-based medicine in the field of TCM, it is found that there is a structural contradiction between clinical randomized controlled trial(RCT) of TCM and the characteristics of TCM clinical practice. They cannot comprehensively, objectively, and truthfully reflect the clinical efficacy and safety of TCM. Conducting clinical RCTs of TCM in pursuit of "evidence" actually means giving up the advantages of TCM in clinical treatment based on syndrome differentiation, prescription changes along with syndromes, and treatment in accordance with three categories of disease cause, which leads to sacrificing some clinical effectiveness of TCM. Based on the concept of evidence-based medicine, this article proposed the construction of "clinical syndrome-based medicine" based on the optimal clinical experience, which was suitable for the characteristics of TCM clinical practice. The key to clinical syndrome-based medicine is the optimal clinical experience, and the core elements of the optimal clinical experience are regularity and reproducibility. Real-world research methods are recommended as a reference for obtaining the optimal clinical experience. Clinical syndrome-based medicine, combining the characteristics of TCM clinical practice and incorporating the concept of evidence-based medicine, is the product of integrating TCM into evidence-based medicine. It is dedicated to improving the clinical efficacy of TCM along with evidence-based medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Treatment Outcome , Evidence-Based Medicine , Syndrome , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4825-4828, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008651

ABSTRACT

The human use experience of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is of great significance for the development of new traditional Chinese medicine. In 2023, the National Medical Products Administration(NMPA) issued the Special Regulations on Registration Management of Traditional Chinese Medicine, which explicitly encouraged the conduct of high-quality human use experience research on TCM clinical practice to obtain sufficient evidence for registration support. It also required that human use experience research should comply with relevant requirements and undergo registration verification. The quality of human use experience research on TCM directly determines the reliability of the evidence. This article discussed the quality requirements for human use experience research on TCM from the perspectives of basic requirements, organizational management, key pharmaceutical information, scientific research, risk management, ethical compliance, and study implementation and proposed differential treatment in quality requirements and registration verification focus based on different research purposes, stages, and types of studies. While ensuring the authenticity of data, retrospective studies should pay particular attention to the integrity of the data, and prospective studies should focus on the normativity of the data, which may affect the research conclusions. Human use experience research, as part of drug registration materials, falls within the scope of relevant regulatory oversight. Researchers should have a strong awareness of regulations to avoid serious quality issues. The standardized conduct of human use experience research on TCM requires joint efforts from regulatory authorities, applicants, research institutions, and researchers to establish a research quality management system based on the clinical characteristics of TCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1121-1127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996866

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) in patients with aortic valve insufficiency with reduced ejection fraction (AIrEF) and aortic valve insufficiency with preserved ejection fraction (AIpEF) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods    The clinical and follow-up data of patients who underwent TAVR in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from 2018 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the guideline, the patients with left ventricular ejection fraction<55% were allocated to an AIrEF group, and the patients with left ventricular ejection fraction≥55% were allocated to an AIpEF group. Results    A total of 50 patients were enrolled. There were 19 patients in the AIrEF group, including 15 males and 4 females with a mean age of 74.5±7.1 years. There were 31 patients in the AIpEF group, including 19 males and 12 females with a mean age of 72.0±4.8 years. All patients underwent TAVR successfully. Echocardiographic results showed that TAVR significantly promoted LVRR in the patients. Significant LVRR occurred in the early postoperative period (the first day after the surgery) in both groups. It remained relatively stable after the LVRR in the early postoperative period (the first day after surgery) in the AIpEF patients, while it continued to occur in the early postoperative period (the first day after surgery) to three months after the surgery in the AIrEF patients, and then remained relatively stable. Compared to preoperative values, AIrEF patients had a reduction in the average left ventricular end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular end-systolic volume index by 16.8 mL/m2 (P=0.003) and 8.6 mL/m2 (P=0.005), respectively, and the average left ventricular end-diastolic diameter index and end-systolic diameter index decreased by 2.5 mm/m2 (P=0.003) and 1.9 mm/m2 (P=0.003), respectively on the first day after the surgery. In comparison to the first day after the surgery, AIrEF patients experienced an average increase of 12.1% in the left ventricular ejection fraction three months after the surgery (P<0.001). Conclusion    TAVR has achieved good therapeutic effects in patients with aortic valve insufficiency, significantly promoting the LVRR in patients, and has better curative effects in AIrEF patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 322-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Osimertinib in the second-line and above treatment of elderly patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma with epidermal grouth factor receptor(EGFR)mutation.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 51 elderly patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma aged 65 years and over was performed.EGFR gene mutations were detected at baseline.The patients were treated with Osimertinib as second or later-line treatment after disease progression on prior epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor(EGFR-TKI)therapy.Results:The median age of the patients was 72 years old, and the median progression-free survival(PFS)with Osimertinib was 13 months(95% CI: 10.8-15.2 months). Patients with exon 19 deletion(19del)treated with Osimertinib had longer PFS than patients with EGFR 21 exon L858R mutation(12 vs.24 month, P=0.028). In patients with EGFR resistance mutation T790M(T790M-positive), the PFS of patients with 19del combined with T790M(19del / T790M-positive)was better than that of patients with L858R combined with T790M(L858R / T790M-positive)(10 vs.28 months, P=0.029). After Osimertinib treatment, 43.8% of patients had brain or meningeal progression.The most commonly used agents for treatment after resistance to Osimertinib are antiangiogenic drugs.The common adverse reactions of Osimertinib were diarrhea(31.4 %), followed by dry skin with itching(29.4%)and rash(25.5 %). Most adverse reactions were grade 1 to 2, and one patient discontinued the drug intermittently due to grade 3 hematological adverse reactions. Conclusions:Osimertinib is effective and well tolerated in elderly patients with advanced EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma.

6.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 501-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of transapical catheter of mitral valve repair (MVR) with Memoclip device in the management of moderate to severe and severe mitral regurgitation (MR) guided by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE).Methods:Fifteen patients with moderate to severe and severe MR in Hefei High-tech Cardiovascular Hospital from December 2021 to October 2022 were prospectively selected. Mitral valve morphology and length, regurgitation severity, left ventricular ejection fraction and pulmonary venous Doppler spectra were carefully evaluated before MVR by TEE.Intraprocedural TEE was performed to guide the MVR including transseptal catheterization, alignment of the clip delivery system, assessment of leaflet capture, clip deployment, post-clip deployment assessment, and withdrawal of the clip delivery system. The position and coaptation length of the clips, the mitral orifice morphology, residual mitral valve regurgitation and pressure gradient were evaluated after MVR.Meanwhile, the complications were monitored throughout the procedure.Results:Among the 15 patients, 12 were implanted with 1 clip and 3 were implanted with 2 clips, respectively. No complications occurred. There were 13 patients with mild regurgitation and 2 showed to moderate mitral regurgitation 1 month later after MVR, and 13 remained mild and 2 maintained moderate regurgitation 3 months later. Significant differences were found in maximal MR area (MRA-max), maximal and mean mitral valve pressure gradient (MVPG-max, MVPG-mean) and mitral valve area (MVA) among the 5 observation time points (all P<0.05). MRA-max, MVA and MVPG-mean were significantly decreased immediately and 3 months after the procedure ( P<0.001). No significant stenosis was found in mitral valve after MVR. Conclusions:MVR with Memoclip is safe, effective, easy to operate in treating patients with moderate to severe and severe MR. TEE plays a key role in perioperative MVR with Memoclip through apical catheterization.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 916-923, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of radical resection of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant conversion therapy.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 23 patients who underwent radical resection of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant conversion therapy in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School from January 2019 to May 2022 were collected. There were 17 males and 6 females, aged 58(range, 33-73)years. After neoadjuvant conversion therapy, the three-dimensional (3D) visualization was used to evaluate and classify tumor vascular invasion, and surgical plan was planned and implemented. Observation indicators: (1) situations of neoadjuvant conversion therapy; (2) surgical situations; (3) postoperative histopathological examination; (4) postoperative recovery; (5) follow-up. Measurement data with normal distribution were represen-ted as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range) or M( Q1, Q3). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Situations of neoadjuvant conversion therapy. All 23 patients received the AG combination chemotherapy (albumin-paclitaxel+gemcitabine), including 14 patients combined with stereotactic body radiation therapy. Of the 23 patients, 22 cases achieved partial response, and 1 case showed stable disease. The CA19-9 of the 23 patients was 85.06(29.74,634.5)U/mL and 13.96(9.74,25.02)U/mL before and after neoadjuvant conversion therapy, respectively. (2) Surgical situations. According to the results of preoperative 3D visualization of tumor vascular invasion, 7 of the 23 patients were evaluated as arterial invasion, 8 cases were evaluated as venous invasion, 5 cases were evaluated as arterial and venous invasion, and there were 3 cases showing negative of vascular invasion. Of the 23 patients, 12 cases underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy, 4 cases underwent radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy, 7 cases underwent total pancreaticoduodenectomy. For vascular reconstruction, there were 10 patients without vascular reconstruction, and there were 13 patients undergoing artificial vascular vein reconstruction. The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of the 23 patients was (524±171)minutes and 1 000(400,1 600)mL, respectively. (3) Postoperative histopathological exami-nation. Results of postoperative histopathological examination in 23 patients showed that there were 2 cases with moderate-well differentiated tumor, 10 cases with moderate differentiated tumor, 7 cases with moderate-poorly differentiated tumor, 2 cases with poorly differentiated tumor, and 2 cases negative of tumor. The number of lymph node dissected in 23 patients was 16±7. There were 5 cases with lymph node metastasis and 18 cases without lymph node metastasis. There were 17 cases with nerve invasion and 6 cases without nerve invasion. All 23 patients were negative of vascular invasion. Of the 23 patients, there were 21 cases with R 0 resection and 2 cases with R 1 resection. For pathological TNM staging, there were 2 cases with 0 stage, 13 cases with Ⅰ stage, 7 cases with Ⅱ stage, and 1 case with Ⅳ stage. For postoperative pathological scoring, there were 2 cases achieved 0 point (complete pathological remission), 16 cases achieved 2 points (partial remission), and 5 cases achieved 3 points (no significant effect). (4) Postoperative recovery. The postoperative duration of hospital stay of 23 patients was 19(14,31)days. There were 17 of 23 patients underwent postoperative complications, including 11 cases with Clavien-Dindo Ⅱ stage complications, 3 cases with Clavien-Dindo Ⅲa stage complications, 1 case with Clavien-Dindo Ⅲb stage complication, 1 case with Clavien-Dindo Ⅳ stage complication, and 1 case with Clavien-Dindo Ⅴ stage complica-tion. (5) Follow-up. There were 22 patients underwent follow-up, with follow-up time as 12(9,23)months. There were 9 patients underwent postoperative recurrence and metastasis, with recurrence and metastasis time as 7.8(range, 6.0-12.0)months. During the follow-up, 15 of the 22 patients survived. Conclusion:Radical resection of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant conversion therapy is feasible.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 873-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical efficacy and prognosis influencing factors of hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 91 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgery in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from April 2004 to April 2021 were collected. There were 59 males and 32 females, aged (61±10)years. Patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014 underwent traditional surgical diagnosis and treatment, and patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021 underwent multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment. Observation indica-tors: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) postoperative pathological examina-tions; (4) postoperative prognosis analysis; (5) influencing factors of postoperative prognosis. Follow-up was conducted using telephone interview and outpatient examination. Patients were followed up once every 6 months after surgery to detect survival. The follow-up was up to April 2023. Measure-ment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve and calculate survival rate. The Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted using the COX proportional hazard model. Results:(1) Surgical situations. Of the 91 patients, there were 65 cases receiving hemi- or expanded hemi-hepatectomy, 13 cases receiving tri-hepatectomy, 9 cases receiving partial hepatectomy, 4 cases receiving extrahepatic bile duct resection. There were 24 cases receiving combined vein resection and reconstruction, 8 cases receiving combined pancreaticoduodenectomy, 6 cases receiving com-bined hepatic artery resection and reconstruction, including 24 cases receiving extended radical surgery (tri-hepatectomy, hepatic artery resection and reconstruction, hepatopancreaticoduodenec-tomy). The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss and intraoperative blood transfusion rate of 91 patients was (590±124)minutes, 800(range, 500?1 200)mL and 75.8%(69/91), respectively. Of the 91 patients, cases receiving extended radical surgery, the volume of intraoperative blood loss were 4, 650(range, 300?1 000)mL in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 20, 875 (range, 500?1 375)mL in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=4.39, Z=0.31, P<0.05). (2) Post-operative situations. The postoperative duration of hospital stay and cases with postoperative infectious complications were (27±17)days and 50 in the 91 patients. Cases with abdominal infection, cases with infection of incision, cases with bacteremia and cases with pulmonary infection were 43, 7, 5, 8 in the 91 patients. One patient might have multiple infectious complications. Cases with bile leakage, cases with delayed gastric emptying, cases with chylous leakage, cases with liver failure, cases with pancreatic fistula, cases with intraperitoneal hemorrhage, cases with reoperation, cases dead during the postoperative 90 days were 30, 9, 9, 6, 5, 3, 6, 3 in the 91 patients. Cases with abdominal infection was 10 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 33 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=4.24, P<0.05). Cases dead during the postoperative 90 days was 3 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 0 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( P<0.05). (3) Post-operative pathological examinations. Of the 91 patients, cases with Bismuth type as type Ⅰ?Ⅱ, type Ⅲ, type Ⅳ, cases with T staging as Tis stage, T1 stage, T2a?2b stage, T3 stage, T4 stage, cases with N staging as N0 stage, N1 stage, N2 stage, cases with M staging as M0 stage, M1 stage, cases with TNM staging as 0 stage, Ⅰ stage, Ⅱ stage, Ⅲ stage, ⅣA stage, ⅣB stage, cases with R 0 radical resection, cases with R 1 or R 2 resection were 15, 46, 30, 1, 9, 25, 30, 26, 49, 36, 6, 85, 6, 1, 7, 13, 58, 6, 6, 63, 28. Cases with R 0 radical resection, cases with R 1 or R 2 resection were 15, 16 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 48, 12 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=9.59, P<0.05). (4) Postoperative prognosis analysis. Of the 91 patients, 3 cases who died within 90 days after surgery were excluded, and the 5-year overall survival rate and median overall survival time of the rest of 88 cases were 44.7% and 55 months. The 5-year overall survival rate was 33.5% in the 28 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 50.4% in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=5.31, P<0.05). Results of further analysis showed that the corresponding 5-year overall survival rate of cases without lymph node metastasis was 43.8% in the 16 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 61.6% in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021. There was a significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between these patients without lymph node metastasis ( χ2=3.98, P<0.05). The corresponding 5-year overall survival rate of cases with lymph node metastasis was 18.5% in the 12 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 37.7% in the 29 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021. There was no significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between these patients with lymph node metastasis ( χ2=2.25, P>0.05). (5) Influencing factors of postoperative prognosis. Results of multivariate analysis showed that poorly differentiated tumor and R 1 or R 2 resection were inde-pendent risk factors influencing prognosis after surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma ( hazard ratio=2.62, 2.71, 95% confidence interval as 1.30?5.29, 1.30?5.69, P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with traditional surgical diagnosis and treatment, treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment can expand surgical indications, reduce proportion of dead patients within 90 days after surgery, improve proportation of radical resection and long-term survival rate. Poorly differentiated tumor and R 1 or R 2 resection are independent risk factors influencing prognosis after surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

9.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 558-561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006021

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the causes of the failure of previous operations in female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified transobturator outside-in tape (TOT). 【Methods】 A total of 42 female SUI patients who had failed in previous anti-incontinence surgery during Aug.2016 and Jul.2022 were enrolled. The causes of failure were analyzed. All patients were treated with modified TOT, and the operation time, estimated blood loss, duration of catheterization, symptom improvement and complications were observed. The outcomes were evaluated with the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICI-Q-SF), pad test and urodynamic study. 【Results】 All operations were technically successful. The average operation time was (32.4±18.6) min, and estimated blood loss was (54.2±34.5) mL. There were no obvious complications. After operation, the ICI-Q-SF score significantly decreased (P0.05). The overall effective rate was 88.1%. 【Conclusion】 Modified TOT can be used for the treatment of patients with failed anti-SUI surgery, which is simple and easy to perform, with a low complication rate and satisfactory postoperative results.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1015-1025, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980810

ABSTRACT

Wearable technology, which can continuously and remotely monitor physiological and behavioral parameters by incorporated into clothing or worn as an accessory, introduces a new era for ubiquitous health care. With big data technology, wearable data can be analyzed to help long-term cardiovascular care. This review summarizes the recent developments of wearable technology related to cardiovascular care, highlighting the most common wearable devices and their accuracy. We also examined the application of these devices in cardiovascular healthcare, such as the early detection of arrhythmias, measuring blood pressure, and detecting prevalent diabetes. We provide an overview of the challenges that hinder the widespread application of wearable devices, such as inadequate device accuracy, data redundancy, concerns associated with data security, and lack of meaningful criteria, and offer potential solutions. Finally, the future research direction for cardiovascular care using wearable devices is discussed.


Subject(s)
Big Data , Delivery of Health Care , Wearable Electronic Devices , Technology , Blood Pressure
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1523-1530, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with ectopic high OCT4 expression on T-cell proliferation, activation and secretion in vitro.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from healthy children. Anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 monoclonal antibodies were used to activate T lymphocytes, which were stimulated by interleukin (IL)-2 for one week in vitro. Then MSCs with ectopic high OCT4 expression (MSC-OCT4) were co-cultured with activated T lymphocytes. After one week of co-culture, the supernatant was collected and the levels of Th1/Th2 cytokines [IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ] were determined by flow cytometry. The lymphocytes after one week of co-culture were collected and counted by Countstar software. After the proportions of activated/inactivated T cell subsets were determined by flow cytometry, the absolute lymphocyte counts were calculated and expressed as mean ± standard deviation.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control T cell alone culture group, the proliferation of CD3+ T cells, CD3+CD4+ T cells, and CD3+CD8+ T cells were significantly inhibited in MSC group and MSC-OCT4 group. Compared with MSC, MSC-OCT4 could inhibit CD3+CD8+ T cell proliferation better (P =0.049), and mainly inhibited early T cell activation. Compared with control T cell alone culture group, the levels of IL-2 and INF-γ were significantly down-regulated both in MSC group and MSC-OCT4 group.After co-culture with T cells for one week, the level of IL-6 significantly increased in MSC group and MSC-OCT4 group compared with that before co-culture. Compared with control MSC group, MSC-OCT4 group had higher viable cell numbers after 1 week of co-culture (P =0.019), and could resist the inhibition of proliferation by higher concentration of mitomycin C.@*CONCLUSION@#Both MSC and MSC-OCT4 can inhibit the proliferation and activation of IL-2-stimulated T cells in vitro. After overexpression of OCT4, MSC has better proliferation ability in vitro and can inhibit the proliferation of CD3+CD8+ T cells more effectively, which may have a better and more lasting immunosuppressive ability to regulate the balance of Th1/Th2.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Interleukin-2 , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Lymphocyte Activation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1327-1332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009989

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the immunological phenotype of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), and explore its characteristics and significance.@*METHODS@#The immunophenotypes of 40 CML children and 40 controls were analyzed by multicolor flow cytometry. CD45/SSC, as the basic gate, was used to delineate neutrophils. Then, the distribution of cluster differentiation (CD) molecules on the surface of granulocytes was analyzed in three ranges (≥1%, ≥5%, and ≥20%), and the expression rates of CD molecules (≥1% included in the statistical analysis) and the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of granulocytes in the CML group was (82.1±6.4)%, which was significantly higher than (57.8±11.8)% in the control group (P <0.001). The expression rates of CD15/CD11b/CD33/CD13 in CML and control groups were high, and both distributed in the range of ≥20%. The differentiation trajectory of CD33/CD13 was normal and there were no significant differences in the expression rate and MFI between the two groups. However, both the expression rate of CD11b and CD15 MFI in the CML group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P <0.001). There were no significant differences in the expression rate and MFI of CD10 between the two groups, and the expression levels of CD10 between the two groups were consistent in different distributions. In the CML group, there was a large number of cases with abnormal high expression of CD56, 52.5% of the cases had a CD56 expression rate of ≥5%, and 42.5% had a CD56 expression rate of ≥20%, while the control group did not express CD56 (<1%). The expression distribution of CD117 was different between the two groups. In the range of expression rate ≥5%, there were 35.0% cases in the CML group, while only 2.5% in the control group. The expression rate of CD117 in the CML group was higher than that in the control group (P <0.001), though there was no significant difference in MFI.@*CONCLUSION@#The immunophenotyping of CML is characterized by increased proportion of mature neutrophils, decreased CD15 MFI, decreased proportion of CD11b and abnormal high expression of CD56 and CD117. Flow cytometric analysis of immunophenotype can effectively distinguish normal granulocytes from chronic granulocytes, and help in the diagnosis of CML.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Flow Cytometry , Leukemia, Myeloid , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/genetics , Granulocytes , Neutrophils , Immunophenotyping
13.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 39-42, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with different epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations and the comparison of therapeutic effects.Methods:The clinical data of 324 patients with NSCLC admitted to the 904th Hospital of the Joint Service Support Force of PLA from April 2018 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Gene sequencing method was used to detect EGFR gene and mutations of exons 19 and 21. NSCLC patients with EGFR gene mutations were divided into group A (mutation of exon 19 of EGFR gene) and group B (mutation of exon 21 of EGFR gene). Both groups were treated with gefitinib combined with TP (paclitaxel + cisplatin) regimen for 3 months. The clinical features, efficacy and adverse reactions of the two groups were compared.Results:Among 234 NSCLC patients, 107 cases (45.73%) had EGFR gene mutations. Among them, there were 49 cases in group A (including delE746-A750 mutation in 32 cases, delL747-P753insS 3 mutation in 8 cases, delL747-A750 1 mutation in 6 cases, delL747-T751 1 mutation in 3 cases), and there were 58 cases in group B (all L858R mutations), and no double mutations in exons 19 and 21 were found in both groups. There were no significant differences in gender, TNM staging, pathological type, smoking history, age, degree of differentiation, tumor location, tumor diameter, and lymph node metastasis in the two groups (all P > 0.05). The difference in the clinical control rates of group A and group B was not statistically significant [91.8% (45/49) vs. 89.7% (52/58), χ2=0.15, P = 0.699]. The incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ adverse reactions in the two groups during treatment had no statistically significant differences (all P > 0.05). Conclusions:EGFR mutation rate in NSCLC patients is relatively high, most of which are EGFR exons 19 and 21 mutations. Gefitinib combined with TP regimen in the treatment of EGFR exons 19 and 21 mutations in NSCLC patients has good curative effects and high safety.

14.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 690-694, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954103

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a clinical syndrome manifested by organ dysfunction due to disordered inflammatory response after severe infection.The occurrence, development and prognosis of sepsis are closely related to the immune regulation of the body.The essence of sepsis is that the state of excessive proinflammatory response in the early stage gradually progresses to the state of immunosuppression in the late stage, which leads to the body′s inability to resist inflammation and endangers life.As a highly conserved signaling pathway, Notch pathway has the ability to regulate cell growth and differentiation, and participates in the occurrence and development of various inflammatory diseases.In recent years, the important role of Notch signaling pathway in the occurrence and development of sepsis has attracted extensive attention.This article mainly reviews the role of Notch signaling pathway in immune regulation of sepsis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 360-365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933086

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant neoplastic diseases in the elderly.Immunotherapy represented by immune checkpoint inhibitors mobilizes the body's immune system to achieve antitumor effects.Immune checkpoint inhibitors and their combination with other drugs have played an increasingly important role in the treatment of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.In this review, we summarize the therapeutic effects, adverse reactions and hyperprogressive disease of immune checkpoint inhibitors in the elderly with advanced non-small cell lung cancer, in order to provide insight on immunotherapy strategies for non-small cell lung cancer in the elderly.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 402-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931410

ABSTRACT

This investigation was conducted on clinical professional graduate students of Chongqing Medical University to analyze the problems and influencing factors in the process of scientific research ability training. We propose three measures to improve the model of training professional clinical graduate students and provide references for the cultivation of their scientific research ability. The measures are "clear orientation of clinical scientific research ability training", "constant pursuit of high-level original scientific research results" and "adherent implementation to strengthen training effect".

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 560-564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924685

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the experience and efficacy of "one-stop" left atrial appendage clipping (LAAC) combined with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and aortic valve disease. Methods     From April 2018 to March 2021, 16 patients with AF and severe aortic valve disease underwent "one-stop" LAAC and TAVR in our department. All patients had long-standing persistent AF. There were 10 males and 6 females with an average age of 77.2±6.2 years. CHA2DS2-VASc score was 4.4±0.8 points, and HAS-BLED score was 3.5±0.7 points. Results    All patients successfully underwent "one-stop" LAAC combined with TAVR. There was no death during perioperative and follow-up periods. The length of the left atrial appendage base measured during the operation was 37.8±3.5 mm. The types of atrial appendage clip were 35 mm (n=3), 40 mm (n=8) and 45 mm (n=5). The time required for clipping the left atrial appendage (from skin cutting to skin suturing) was 25.7±3.8 min. There was no stroke or bleeding of important organs during the perioperative period. The average hospital stay was 6.8±2.0 d. The follow-up time was 19.6±10.1 months, during which there was no patient of cerebral hemorrhage or cerebral infarction. During the administration of warfarin, 2 patients had subcutaneous ecchymosis and 1 patient had gingival bleeding. Conclusion    "One-stop" LAAC combined with TAVR can be safely and effectively used to treat AF and aortic valve disease patients with high risk of thromboembolism and anticoagulant bleeding. The early and middle-term curative effect is satisfactory.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1066-1068, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924235

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To analyze the clinical application of calculated and gradient accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio(AC/A)in different eye positions.<p>METHODS: A total of 127 myopes in ophthalmology were included. The calculated AC/A was obtained by near/distance phoria and the gradient AC/A was obtained by near addition +1.00D. The differences of eye positions of the calculated and gradient AC/A were compared. <p>RESULTS:The calculated AC/A value was higher than the near +1.00D gradient AC/C(<i>P</i><0.01); Comparing the same method in different eye positions revealed that the calculated AC/A and gradient AC/A were significantly different, which has the highest AC/A in the esophoria group and the lowest AC/A in the exophoria group; Comparing the two methods in the same group revealed that the calculated AC/A in the esophoria group and the normal group was higher than the gradient AC/A(<i>P</i><0.01), and there was no significant difference in the AC/A measured by the two methods in the exophoria group(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: The calculated AC/A is higher than the gradient AC/A, especially in patients with esophoria and emmetropia, it is easy to obtain high AC/A values by using the calculation method, resulting in erroneous diagnosis. The gradient method is more recommended.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 346-349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923384

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the clinical data and efficacy of surgical treatment of aortic periannular abscess. Methods    The clinical data of 35 aortic periannular abscess patients admitted to our hospital from January 2009 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 21 males and 14 females, aged 36 to 67 (53.0±12.3) years. Among them, there were 14 patients of native aortic valve endocarditis and 21 patients of prosthetic valve endocarditis (16 patients of mechanical valve and 5 patients of biological valve). Preoperative blood cultures were positive in 15 patients, including 8 patients of Staphylococcus aureus, 2 patients of Staphylococcus epidermidis, 3 patients of Streptococcus grass green, 1 patient of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and 1 patient of Enterococcus. Results    Eleven patients underwent emergency or urgent surgery. Thirty patients underwent aortic valve replacement, and 5 patients underwent modified Cabrol surgery to replace the aortic root. Early postoperative complications included 1 patient of bleeding, 8 patients of low cardiac output syndrome, 5 patients of renal insufficiency, 10 patients of respiratory insufficiency, 3 patients of tracheotomy, 8 patients of pulmonary infection and 1 patient cerebrovascular accident. The postoperative follow-up period was 6 to 120 (53.6±20.8) months. During the follow-up, 4 patients died and 4 patients were lost. No infection recurred during the follow-up. Perivalval leakage occurred in 3 patients, and one patient underwent occlusion 12 months following the procedure. The survival curve indicated that the 1-year survival rate was 85.5%, and the 5-year survival rate was 67.3%. Conclusion    Although the lesions of periannular abscesses are complicated and critical, effective perioperative antibiotic treatment, individualized surgical timing, and appropriate surgical strategies can significantly reduce mortality and achieve better results.

20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1100-1108, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of JAG1 on the malignant phenotype of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and its role in angiogenesis in breast cancer microenvironment.@*METHODS@#The expressions of Notch molecules were detected in human TNBC 231 and 231B cells using RT-qPCR. Five female nude mice were inoculated with 231 cells and another 5 with 231B cells into the mammary fat pads, and 4-6 weeks later, the tumors were collected for immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence tests. 231 cells and 231B cells were treated with recombinant JAG (rJAG) protein and DAPT, respectively, and changes in their malignant phenotypes were assessed using CCK-8 assay, Hoechst 33258 staining, wound healing assay, Transwell chamber assay and endothelial cell adhesion assay. Western blotting was used to detect the changes in the expressions of proteins related with the malignant phenotypes of 231 and 231B cells. The effects of conditioned medium (CM) derived from untreated 231 and 231 B cells, rJAG1-treated 231 cells and DAPT-treated 231B cells on proliferation and tube formation ability of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were evaluated using CCK-8 assay and tube-forming assay.@*RESULTS@#The expression of JAG1 was higher in 231B cells than in 231 cells (P < 0.05). Tumor 231B showed higher expression of VEGFA and CD31. Compared with 231-Blank group, the migration, invasion and adhesion of 231 cells in 231-rJAG1 were significantly enhanced (P < 0.05). Protein levels of Twist1 and Snail increased (P < 0.01), anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 increased (P < 0.05), while DAPT inhibited the related phenomena and indicators of 231B. The 231-rJAG1-CM increased the cell number and tubule number of HUVEC (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JAG1 may affect the malignant phenotype of TNBC and promote angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Culture Media, Conditioned , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Jagged-1 Protein/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Neovascularization, Pathologic/metabolism , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Sincalide/metabolism , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
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