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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of NOV/CCN3 in regulating the proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its regulatory mechanism and assess the value of CCN3 as a proliferative factor in bone tissue engineering.@*METHODS@#Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) were used as the MSC model, in which CCN3 expression was up-regulated and downregulated by transfection with the recombinant adenovirus vectors Ad-CCN3 and Ad-siCCN3, respectively. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the changes in cell cycle and apoptosis of the transfected cells. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of the proliferation indicators (PCNA, cyclin E, and cyclin B1) and the apoptosis indicators (Bax and Bcl-2) to assess the effect of modulation of CCN3 expression on MEF proliferation and apoptosis. CCN3 protein secretion by the cells was detected using ELISA. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were employed to analyze the changes in the expressions of Notch1, ligand DLL1, the downstream key proteins or genes (Hey1, P300, H3K9) and MAPK pathway-related proteins ERK1+2 and p-ERK1+2.@*RESULTS@#Flow cytometry showed that compared with the control cells, MEFs transfected with Ad-CCN3 exhibited significantly increased cell proliferation index (@*CONCLUSIONS@#CCN3 over-expression promotes the proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of MEFs possibly by inhibiting the classical Notch signaling pathway and activating the MAPK pathway


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Fibroblasts , Mice , Nephroblastoma Overexpressed Protein
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879259

ABSTRACT

Auscultation of heart sounds is an important method for the diagnosis of heart conditions. For most people, the audible component of heart sound are the first heart sound (S1) and the second heart sound (S2). Different diseases usually generate murmurs at different stages in a cardiac cycle. Segmenting the heart sounds precisely is the prerequisite for diagnosis. S1 and S2 emerges at the beginning of systole and diastole, respectively. Locating S1 and S2 accurately is beneficial for the segmentation of heart sounds. This paper proposed a method to classify the S1 and S2 based on their properties, and did not take use of the duration of systole and diastole. S1 and S2 in the training dataset were transformed to spectra by short-time Fourier transform and be feed to the two-stream convolutional neural network. The classification accuracy of the test dataset was as high as 91.135%. The highest sensitivity and specificity were 91.156% and 92.074%, respectively. Extracting the features of the input signals artificially can be avoid with the method proposed in this article. The calculation is not complicated, which makes this method effective for distinguishing S1 and S2 in real time.


Subject(s)
Diastole , Heart , Heart Sounds , Neural Networks, Computer , Rivers
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To solve the issue regarding a low correlation between visual and haptic feedback provided by the current upper-limb rehabilitation training system, this study was implemented based on the end-effector based upper-limb rehabilitation robot developed in the lab. A novel visual and haptic feedback fusion technology based on force tracking was investigated and its effect on upper-limb training was also studied. Methods:Based on the force model constructed in a virtual environment, two types of haptic feedbacks correlated to the visual feedback were designed, including the repulsive force when two objects getting close and the friction force when the object moving above medium surfaces. The haptic feedback constructed in the virtual environment was delivered to the trainees by using force tracking based on robot controlling algorithm. Eight health subjects were recruited and trained with and without feedback fusion. In the training process, the actual and expected haptic feedbacks as well as the surface electromyography (EMG) signals from anterior deltoid, posterior deltoid, biceps, and triceps were collected. The root means square error (RMSE) between the actual and expected haptic feedback was calculated under the feedback fusion training mode to characterize the force tracking-based multi-sensory feedback fusion technology. The integrated EMG values (iEMG) and EMG amplitudes per unit time (EMG/T) under two training modes were measured to explore the effect of feedback fusion technology on the upper-limb motor training. Results:Under feedback fusion training mode, the RMSE between actual and expected haptic feedback was (0.757±0.171) N. The values of iEMG from four muscles were significantly higher (|t| > 7.965, P < 0.001), and the values of EMG/T from the biceps, triceps and anterior deltoid were significantly larger under feedback fusion training mode than under the training mode without feedback fusion. Conclusion:The proposed upper-limb rehabilitation robot training system could accurately transmit the haptic feedback constructed under the virtual environment to the trainees. This system could increase the stimulation to trainees' peripheral nervous function through visual and haptic feedback fusion as well as increase the trainees' training effort. The advantages of force tracking-based visual and haptic feedback fusion technology are to freely construct the force model under the virtual environment and the haptic feedback mode is not constrained by the spatial position. Moreover, two or more types of force models can be superimposed in the same spatial position by using this technology that could improve the matching effect between haptic feedback and visual feedback under a virtual environment. The trainees' motor rehabilitation interest could be stimulated and the experience feeling of human-robot interaction could also be enhanced.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882081

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of ceftazidime/avibactam(CAZ/AVI) in the treatment of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae(CRE) or carbapenem-resistance Klebsiella pneumonia (CRKP), and to provide evidence-cased reference for clinic therapy. Methods A comprehensive literature search from PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI and VIP database was conducted for the CAZ/AVI therapy on CRE/CRKP infections published before May.2020. Two reviewers independently screened literatures according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data, and assessed the methodological quality of the included studies. The results were analyzed by RevMan 5.3 statistical software. Results Five studies in English involving 392 patients were included for the analysis. In terms of effectiveness, the results showed CAZ/AVI group significantly increased the clinical cure rate[OR=3.57, 95% CI (2.03, 6.26), P<0.00001] compared with the control group. Also CAZ/AVI group significantly decreased the 28/30 day all-cause mortality [OR=0.27, 95% CI (0.14, 0.50), P<0.0001]. There were no significant difference between the two groups in the clinical remission rate [OR=1.92, 95% CI (0.93, 3.97), P=0.08] and the infection recurrence rate [OR=0.44, 95% CI (0.11, 1.85), P=0.26]. In terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events in CAZ/AVI group were lower than those in control group [OR=0.29, 95% CI (0.10, 0.80), P=0.02]. There was no significant difference between two groups in the incidence of serious adverse events[OR=0.33, 95% CI (0.09, 1.19), P=0.09]. Conclusion The current evidence shows that CAZ/AVI therapy has advantage in survival rate for the treatment of CRE/CRKP infections without increase of SAEs. Limited by the quality and quantity of the included studies, the above conclusions need to be verified with more high-quality RCTs.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 839-843, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911130

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of transurethral Moses holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (MoLEP) in the treatment of small-volume benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).Methods:The clinical data of 132 patients with small BPH (prostate volume <40 ml) who underwent MoLEP from October 2017 to April 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were analyzed retrospectively.The age of the patients was (63.93±5.21) years old, including 12 patients with cystolithiasis. The prostate volume of 132 patients was (32.16±7.81) ml, the preoperative international prostate symptom score (IPSS) was 23.00(15.00-34.00), the quality of life score (QOL) was 5(2-6), the maximum urinary flow rate (Q max) was 7.80(0.80-9.80)ml/s and residual urine volume (PVR) was 158(51-409) ml. 89 patients had the preoperative maximum detrusor contractility (64.23±8.11) cmH 2O. Surgical methods: the 120 W Moses laser platform(Lumenis Inc)was used, the cutting power was adjusted to 80 W (2.0J×40Hz) (narrow pulse width mode), and the hemostatic power 24W (0.8J×30Hz) (wide pulse width mode). Patients with bladder calcifications underwent Moses laser bladder stone lithotripsy.After the initial resection by the level of verumontanum was performed, an anatomic plane was exposed and carried forward until the bladder neck. If prostate stones were found, Moses holmium laser lithotripsy can be performed directly. After operation, the bladder was continuously flushed with normal saline. The catheter was removed 24 hours after the operation. The operation status, intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. IPSS, QOL, Q max and PVR were followed up 3 months after surgery. Postoperative urinary incontinence is defined as the need for 2 pads or more within 24 hours. Results:The operations of 132 cases (including 12 cases with bladder stones) were successfully completed. 30 cases with prostate calcifications were found during the operation. The operation time (enucleation time) was (16.83±4.03) min. There were no perioperative complications such as blood transfusion, transurethral resection syndrome, urinary retention and venous thromboembolism. No bladder neck contracture or recurrence of bladder stones was found after surgery. Postoperative urethral stricture occured in 2 cases (1.5%), and postoperative urinary incontinence in 27 cases (20.5%). There were 102 cases (77.3%) with chronic interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration. Three months after operation, IPSS was 7(0-14), QOL was 2(0-5), Q max was 17.55(9.40-26.50)ml/s and PVR was 27(0-46) ml, which were significantly improved compared with preoperatively( P<0.05). Conclusions:MoLEP can significantly improve lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and life quality of patients with small-volume BPH.At the same time, the incidence of complications such as urethral stricture and urinary incontinence is lower. The operation is safe and reliable, and bladder stone lithotripsy can be performed at the same time.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1463-1467, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911039

ABSTRACT

Cognitive impairment can be attributed to various causes.Its main manifestations include declines in learning, memory, understanding and executive function, and may be accompanied by varying degrees of psychiatric symptoms.Dementia is characterized by progressive deterioration in multiple cognitive domains that is severe enough to interfere with daily functioning.The pathogenesis of dementia is still unclear.In addition to the mainstream Aβ amyloid cascade hypothesis, recent research increasingly points to an association of microbial dysbiosis with many brain disorders.There is a direct or indirect link between gut bacteria and the central nervous system and consequently a new concept, the gut-brain axis, has been proposed.This paper will review recent advances in research on gut microbiota and cognitive function in the past five years, aiming to provide strategies for disease prevention and treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909180

ABSTRACT

Stroke is the leading cause of death in China. How to improve the efficiency of diagnosis and treatment is of great significance. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), as a non-invasive tool in neurology, has been widely used because of low cost, easy manufacture, reliable operation, and other advantages. This review compares fNIRS with other conventional neuroimaging methods. Findings from this review provide preliminary evidence for fNIRS as a tool to monitor, treat and study stroke. Future studies may focus on the application of fNIRS or its combination with other neuroimaging methods in the prevention of stroke.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907558

ABSTRACT

Multiple markers that related to gastric cancer has been widely used in clinical, to predict its occurrence, development and prognosis. Serum level of fibrinogen (FIB) and neutrophil to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) respectively as representative indicators of coagulation system and inflammation, can predict the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer and survival time. The rise of fibrinogen is associated with enhanced capacity of the gastric tumor cells proliferation, invasion and migration. High NLR is associated with significantly induced survival of patients with gastric cancer. The combination of fibrinogen and NLR (F-NLR) combines the advantages of each individual indicator in predicting the occurrence, development and prognosis of cancer. It has shown a great prognostic potential in gastric cancer, and can be widely applied in prospect.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1679-1682, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906562

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between abuse experience with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts of junior middle school students, and to provide a reference for suicide prevention of junior middle school students.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling method were used to selct 10 289 junior middle school students from 25 districts and counties of Chongqing were included in the analysis of this study from July to September in 2020. And Questionnaire on Abuse in Childhood and Mental Health Scale for Middle School Students were applied to collect the data about demographic information, suicide ideation and behavior.@*Results@#The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among junior middle school students were 20.93% and 10.83%, respectively. Multivariate Logistic regression model found that after controlling for demographic variables and mental health, emotional abuse ( OR =2.07) and emotional neglect ( OR =2.03) showed higher correlations with suicidal ideation than the other three types of childhood abuse( OR physical neglect =1.19, OR physical abuse =1.60, OR sexual abuse =1.37, P <0.05); and sexual abuse ( OR =2.29) and physical neglect ( OR =1.87) showed higher associations with suicide attempt than the other three types of abuse( OR emotional abuse =1.63, OR emotional neglect =1.59, OR physical abuse =1.50, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#All five types of child abuse were independent risk factors for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, and emotional neglect and emotional abuse had a greater effect on suicidal ideation, sexual abuse and physical neglect had a greater effect on suicide attempts.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921721

ABSTRACT

Real world study(RWS) refers to the process of collecting real world data related to the health of research subjects in the real world environment for pre-set clinical problems and obtaining the status of drug use and potential benefits/risks through analysis. The data are derived from the hospital information system(HIS), medical insurance system, disease registration system, adverse drug reaction monitoring system, etc. Human use experience of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is a new concept put forward by experts after summarizing the problems existing in clinical trials of new TCM drugs. The data come partially from the real world, and more importantly, such key elements as the formulated prescriptions of new TCM drugs, principles and methods, and clinical applications should be covered. RWS is mainly used for adverse drug reaction monitoring after marketing, benefit evaluation of listed drugs, decision-making of medical treatment and medical insurance, as well as supervision and approval of special medical devices and special drugs. It is complementary to randomized controlled clinical trials. Human use experience is suitable for the research and development of Chinese medicinal compound preparations and the expansion of functions and indications. There are no special provisions for clinical indications and target population. There exists a sequential relationship between the human use experience and clinical trials. Specifi-cally, the summarization of human use experience provides good support for the design and implementation of clinical trials, which is an important segment in the research and development of new TCM drugs. The correlation between real-world data and research results and their reliability should be ensured in RWS, and the unreality should be avoided. The key to summarizing the human use experience is to identify the clinical orientation, target population, course of treatment, usage and dosage of new TCM drugs, and it should be noted that human use experience does not only mean clinical experience. Experimental clinical trial(PCT), a type of study in the real world, has been commonly employed for the summary of human use experience. RWS and human use experience are different research designs targeting different clinical questions in the research and development of new TCM drugs, which can be flexibly selected depending on the actual situation.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Reproducibility of Results , Research
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879120

ABSTRACT

Post-marketing evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is an important research stage in the life cycle of a drug, and the add-on-design is a common method for its post-marketing evaluation. This article introduces the basic concept of add-on-design, and points out that it is suitable for use based on the principles of medical ethics when the standard treatment should not be interrupted. The post-marketing evaluation of TCM should be carried out based on human experience and in compliance with regulations and ethics. The clinical values of TCM, such as the therapeutic effect for disease, improvement of disease symptoms, improvement in quality of life, as well as the synergism and toxicity attenuation of combined use of TCM and chemical drugs, should be fully reflected through the clinical trials designed with add-on-design. The key points of add-on-design are accurate clinical positioning, scientific estimation of sample size, and rigorous standard treatment. Standard treatment should be a recognized one, consistent and stable; appropriate and recognized efficacy indicators and targeted safety indicators should be selected; the design and operation of clinical research scheme should meet the requirements of randomization and blind method, with special emphasis on the production of qualified placebo. The add-on-design has the advantages that the rights and interests of the subjects are adequately protected. Besides, the research conclusions are easily put into clinical application. But there are also many difficulties, such as the influence of confounding bias, the "ceiling" effect of clinical efficacy, and the difficulty of interpretation of adverse events. Therefore, a rigorous research quality assu-rance system should be established, and the quality control of evaluation consistency of researchers should be emphasized to ensure strict quality control in the research process.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Marketing , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Quality of Life
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879080

ABSTRACT

The relevant laws and regulations of drug clinical trials were introduced in this paper. It is pointed out that with drug re-gulatory laws and technological advances, clinical trials have become an important link in the development of new drugs of traditional Chinese medicines(TCM). Clinical trials of new drugs of TCM must comply with the requirement of "Good Clinical Practice for Trial on Medicinal Products". In view of the particularities of clinical trials of new drugs of TCM, China has established an ethical review system for clinical research in TCM and carried out ethical review and certification of TCM research. In order to guide the development of clinical trials of new drugs of TCM, relevant departments have promulgated a series of guidelines for clinical trials of it, and established a new review system and technical requirements for clinical trials. Since 1983, the "national clinical pharmacology base" has been established. At present, there are 96 drug clinical trial institutions and 32 phase I clinical research wards in TCM hospitals, which can meet the development of clinical trials of new drugs of TCM. In the long-term practice, the technical team has continued to grow and develop, the research experience and technical strength have been significantly improved, and a large number of experts have become the backbone of clinical research in Chinese medicine. It is pointed out that we should attach importance to risk and benefit assessment, human experience, select scientific, objective and appropriate effectiveness indexes, evaluate the efficacy of TCM syndromes, and encourage the use of electronic methods in clinical research of new drugs of TCM. Based on the analysis of clinical trials of TCM in recent five years, it is pointed out that the active degree of clinical trials of new drugs of TCM is not high, the innovation ability of it is insufficient and the ability and enthusiasm of all aspects need to be improved. It is of great significance to carry out clinical trials of new traditional Chinese medicines to upgrade the TCM industry and produce high-level evidence-based medicine evidences. The high quality development of TCM can be promoted by strengthening clinical trials of new drugs of TCM.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Evidence-Based Medicine , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Syndrome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879079

ABSTRACT

This article proposes that the research and development of new Chinese medicines should be based on the clinical values of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), and expounds the multiple clinical values of new Chinese medicines such as therapeutic effects, adjuvant treatment effects, improvement of disease symptoms, improvement of quality of life, prevention of diseases, etc., so as to broaden the clinical indications of new Chinese medicines. It is pointed out that the clinical value of TCM determines the clinical efficacy evaluation method of new Chinese medicines, so as to construct a clinical evaluation system of new Chinese medicines with the characteristics of TCM. It is proposed that the clinical value of new Chinese medicines should be found under the guidance of TCM theo-ry and clinical practice, and the theoretical innovation of TCM should be emphasized. There is no difference in the clinical value of drugs, and the key is to meet the clinical needs of patients. The research and development of new Chinese medicines ignores the theoretical guidance of Chinese medicine, and relying solely on animal experiment data may lead to failure of clinical trials. Different from the individualized treatment of TCM clinical syndrome differentiation, summarizing the core pathogenesis of TCM is the basis for the development of new Chinese medicines. It is necessary to summarize the pathogenesis of the disease under the guidance of TCM theory and encourage the application of modern medical methods to clarify the diagnosis of the disease. In view of the characteristics of new Chinese medicine research and development, it is proposed that the supporting role of human experience should be emphasized, and the technical points of clinical trials of new syndrome-type Chinese medicines should be explained.The use of objective indicators for syndrome evaluation, the selection of appropriate scales, and the formulation of reasonable treatment courses are advocated. During the research and development of new Chinese medicines, it is not only necessary to pay attention to modern medical safety indicators, but also to observe the evolution of TCM syndromes and specific TCM symptoms.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Research , Syndrome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879078

ABSTRACT

Collecting and summarizing human use experience(HUE) data, forming high-quality data and evidences that can be used for evaluation are the key links of HUE research on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). The collection, collation and summary of human experience data were discussed in this paper. It is pointed out that the collection of HUE should be focus on the source of prescription of new traditional Chinese medicines, and be summarized based on dialectical thinking, experience in medication, characte-ristics of prescription and clinical application. The collected contents include prescription, process, clinical location and applicable population, efficacy data and safety data, etc. The methods include interview, clinical data summary and data mining. When the data formed based on HUE information is used as drug registration information, it is necessary to ensure that the data source is legal and compliant, and the ownership of intellectual property is clear.Data sources should meet the requirements of medical ethics. To avoid conflict of interest, data analysis should be conducted by an independent third party. It is necessary to develop the quality control measures of HUE data to ensure the data traceability, integrity, consistency and accuracy, and avoid data bias.The data of HUE should include the key data such as accurate clinical location and applicable population, recognized clinical efficacy and safety.After the formation of HUE, the statistical analysis plan of empirical data of human use should be formulated. Through strict data processing, statistical analysis and clinical interpretation, HUE can be produced for evaluation.


Subject(s)
Data Collection , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Quality Control
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873622

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the technique and efficacy of left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) in elderly patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods    From 2013 to 2018, 84 elderly patients with CAD and AF with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF< 50%) underwent OPCABG in our department. There were 54 males and 30 females at age of 70-82 years. They were divided into a left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion group (n=56) and a non-LAA occlusion group (n=28). Postoperative antithrombotic therapy: the LAA occlusion group was given warfarin + aspirin + clopidogrel “triple antithrombotic therapy” for 3 months after operation, then was changed to aspirin + clopidogrel “dual antiplatelet” for long-term antithrombotic; the non-LAA occlusion group was given warfarin + aspirin + clopidogrel “triple antithrombotic” for long-term antithrombotic after operation. The clinical effectiveness of the two groups was compared. Results    All patients underwent the surgery successfully. There were 56 patients in the LAA occlusion group, including 44 patients of LAA exclusion and 12 patients of LAA clip. The time of LAA occlusion was 3 to 8 minutes. There was no injury of graft vessels and anastomotic stoma. Early postoperative death occurred in 2 patients (2.4%). There was no statistical difference between the two groups in postoperative hospital stay (P=0.115). Postoperative LVEF of the two groups significantly improved compared with that before operation (P<0.05). There was no stroke or bleeding in important organs during hospitalization. During follow-up of 1 year, no cerebral infarction occurred in both groups, but the incidence of bleeding related complications in the LAA occlusion group was significantly lower than that in the non-LAA occlusion group (3.6% vs. 18.5%, P=0.036). Conclusion    For elderly patients with CAD and AF with reduced LVEF, LAA occlusion during OPCABG can effectively reduce the risk of stroke and bleeding related complications, and without increasing the risk of surgery.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of adriamycin (ADM), idelalisib or ADM and their combination on cell proliferation and intracellular concentration of ADM, and to explore the reversal effect of idelalisib on drug resistance to ADM.@*METHODS@#The K562 and K562/ADM cells were respectively treated with ADM and idelalisib at different concentrations. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC@*RESULTS@#The cell survival rates were significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner when the cells were treated with different doses of ADM (0.001-10.000 mg/L ). The IC@*CONCLUSIONS@#Idelalisib exerts effect on inhibition of the proliferation in myeloid leukemia K562 and K562/ADM cells, which may partially reverse the drug resistance of K562/ADM cells to ADM. The mechanisms for the effect of idelalisib may be related to increasing the accumulation of ADM and inducing the cell apoptosis in the K562 and K562/ADM cells.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Cell Proliferation , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid , Purines , Quinazolinones
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879209

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of low-magnitude vibration on osteogenesis of osteoblasts in ovariectomized rats with osteoporosis via estrogen receptor α(ERα). The mRNA expression of osteogenic markers were examined with qRT-PCR, based on which the optimal vibration parameter for promoting osteogenesis was determined (45 Hz × 0.9 g, g = 9.8 m/s


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Estrogen Receptor alpha/genetics , Female , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis , Osteoporosis , Ovariectomy , Rats , Vibration
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782449

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of low-dose dopamine adjuvant therapy on inflammatory factors and prognosis in preterm infants with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).@*METHODS@#A total of 100 preterm infants with NEC from June 2017 to June 2019 were enrolled and divided into a dopamine treatment group and a conventional treatment group using a random number table, with 50 infants in each group. The infants in the conventional treatment group were given symptomatic treatment, and those in the dopamine treatment group were given low-dose dopamine adjuvant therapy in addition to the conventional treatment. ELISA was used to measure the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-8 (IL-8). The two groups were compared in terms of time to relief of clinical symptoms, fasting time, treatment outcome, prognosis, and adverse reactions.@*RESULTS@#Both groups had significant reductions in the levels of CRP, TNF-α, and IL-8 after treatment, and the dopamine treatment group had significantly lower levels of these markers than the conventional treatment group after treatment (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low-dose dopamine adjuvant therapy can effectively improve the levels of inflammatory factors and clinical symptoms in preterm infants with NEC and has good safety, and therefore, it holds promise for clinical application.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860921

ABSTRACT

Visceral pleural invasion (VPI) refers to tumor invasion exceeding the elastic fiber layer of viscera pleura, which is one of the most important adverse prognostic factors of lung cancer, and an important predictor of postoperative recurrence and lymph node metastasis. Preoperative evaluation of the presence or absence of VPI plays an important role in the formulation of surgical plans and postoperative adjuvant therapy for patients. CT has become the most common method for preoperative evaluation of VPI in lung cancer. The research progresses of CT technology in predicting VPI were reviewed in this article.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823417

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the effect and safety of surgical treatment for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) with mitral regurgitation (MR) through right mini-thoracotomy. Methods    From January 2008 to June 2018, 54 patients with HOCM and moderate-to-severe MR underwent modified Morrow procedure and edge-to-edge mitral valvuloplasty through right mini-thoracotomy, including 31 males and 23 females, with an average age of 47.1±12.6 years. All patients had systolic anterior motion (SAM) phenomenon. Preoperative left ventricular outflow tract pressure gradient (LVOTPG) was 93.6±32.8 mm Hg, interventricular septum thickness (IVST) was 24.8±2.8 mm. Results    Surgeries in all patients were completed successfully. No early death or interventricular septal perforation occurred. One (1.9%) patient received permanent pacemaker implantation due to the complete atrial-ventricular block. At discharge, postoperative LVOTPG (18.1±6.2 mm Hg) and IVST (14.5±2.1 mm) were significantly decreased compared with the preoperative values (P<0.05). No MR or SAM was observed in all patients. The follow-up time was 6-132 months, and during this period, no death, MR or SAM occurred. The average LVOTPG was 19.4±5.7 mm Hg, and the average IVST was 14.2±1.5 mm. Conclusion    Morrow procedure and edge-to-edge mitral valvuloplasty through right mini-thoracotomy is a safe and effective method for treatment of HOCM with moderate-to-severe MR.

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