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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862540

ABSTRACT

With in-depth studies on the pathogenesis, pathophysiology, treatment, and prognosis of liver cirrhosis in recent years, there have been great changes in staging and treatment concepts among scholars in China and globally. Besides the traditional staging system of compensated and decompensated liver cirrhosis, liver cirrhosis can be divided into five stages based on ascites, variceal bleeding, and severe infection, which highlights the features of this disease in different disease stages and this provides potential targets and basis for treatment. At present, the comprehensive management of liver cirrhosis, including etiological treatment, treatment targeting key pathogenesis and major complications, nutritional support, exercise guidance, and lifestyle adjustment (smoking cessation, alcohol withdrawal, and improvement of oral hygiene), is the key to delaying disease progression and improving prognosis, and liver transplantation remains the most effective approach for end-stage liver cirrhosis.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 168-173, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expressions of miRNA-17-92 (miR-17-92) cluster and mitofusin 2 (MFN2) protein in endometrial cancer (EC) and their clinical significances.Methods:A total of 72 EC tissues, 36 endometrial lesions of patients with endometrial atypical hyperplasia, and 22 normal endometrial tissues from total hysterectomy for grade Ⅲ cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from January 2008 to December 2014 were collected; at the same time, all patients' paraffin-embedded tissues were collected. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression level of miR-17-92 in each tissue. Immunohistochemical SP method was used to detect the localization and expression level of MFN2 protein in each paraffin-embedded tissue. The correlation of miR-17-92 and MFN2 protein with clinicopathological features of EC patients was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve of patients with different miR-17-92 and MFN2 levels, and log-rank test was made; Cox proportional hazard regression model was used for multivariate survival analysis.Results:The relative expression of miR-17-92 in EC, atypical hyperplasia and normal endometrial tissues were 1.49±0.46, 1.01±0.30 and 0.69±0.20, respectively. The expression of miR-17-92 in EC tissues was higher than that in the other endometrial tissues, and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.01). The high-expression rates of MFN2 protein in EC, atypical hyperplasia and normal endometrial tissues were 20.8% (15/72), 39.4% (13/33) and 85.0% (17/20); the high-expression rate of MFN2 protein in EC tissue was lower than that in the other endometrial tissues, and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.012 5). In EC patients, the relative expression of miR-17-92 in patients with histological type Ⅱ was higher than that in patients with histological type Ⅰ ( P < 0.05); the relative expression of miR-17-92 in patients with myometrial invasion depth ≥1/2 were higher than that in patients with myometrial invasion depth <1/2 ( P < 0.05). The high-expression rate of MFN2 protein in patients with histological type Ⅰ was higher than that in patients with histological type Ⅱ ( P < 0.05); the high-expression rate of MFN2 protein in patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) grade Ⅰ was higher than that in patients with FIGO grade Ⅱ and Ⅲ ( P < 0.05). When the EC patients were grouped according to the median relative expression of miR-17-92 (1.421), Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the median overall survival (OS) time of the miR-17-92 low-expression group (36 cases) was not reached, and the high-expression group (36 cases) was 36 months (95% CI 32-42 months), and the difference in OS between the two groups was statistically significant ( P = 0.049); the median OS time of the MFN2 high-expression group (15 cases) was not reached, and the low-expression group (57 cases) was 38 months (95% CI 33-41 months), and the difference in OS between the two groups was statistically significant ( P = 0.046). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the expression levels of miR-17-92 and MFN2 were independent influencing factors for the survival of EC patients ( HR = 3.10, 95% CI 1.36-7.07, P = 0.007; HR = 0.30, 95% CI 0.09-0.99, P = 0.048). Conclusion:The high-expression of miR-17-92 and low-expression of MFN2 protein in EC tissues may be involved in the occurrence and development of EC, and they can be used as indicators for judging the prognosis of EC patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885861

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the alteration of retinal perfusion in aquaporin-4 antibody (AQP4-ab) positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) patients by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).Methods:A case-control study. Forty-eight AQP4-ab positive NMOSD patients (96 eyes) and 20 age and gender matched healthy controls (40 eyes) were recruited from September 2015 to August 2017 at the Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University. Patients of both eyes were included in the groups. The patients were further divided into 4 subgroups (0 ON, 1 ON, 2 ON, 3+ ON group) according to the number of episodes of ON (0, 1, 2, or 3+) with respect to 30、22、31、13 eyes. 0 ON group had no history of ON episodes; 1 ON group, 2 ON group, and 3+ ON group had ON episodes 1, 2, ≥3 times, respectively. All patients underwent complete ophthalmological examinations including BCVA, visual field and OCTA examination. The BCVA was recorded for each eye using metric notation from the Snellen chart, and then converted to the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution. The central visual field was assessed using a Humphrey Field Analyzer 750 and the mean deviation (MD) was determined. OCTA scans of the optic disc (4.5 mm × 4.5 mm) and macula (6 mm × 6 mm) were acquired. Radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) vessel density, superficial capillary plexus vessel density (SVD), the thickness of ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) were determined. The generalized estimating equations was performed to compare the difference of BCVA, MD, pRNFL thickness, GCIPL thickness, RPC vessel density and SVD among the groups and the correlations between retinal perfusion and retinal structure, visual function were analyzed.Results:The RPC vessel density and SVD were significant lower in the 0 ON group compared with healthy group (Wald χ2=7.190, 10.134; P<0.01), however, the BCVA, pRNFL and GCIPL thickness were not significant difference between the two groups (Wald χ2=2.308, 1.020, 2.558; P>0.05). The BCVA, visual field MD, RPC vessel density, SVD, pRNFL and GCIPL were significant lower in 1 ON, 2 ON and 3+ ON groups compared with healthy group and 0 ON group (Wald χ2=12.390, 11.346, 38.860, 18.040, 45.418, 26.608; P<0.001 ), but the parameters had no significant difference among the three groups ( P>0.05). The RPC vessel density was significantly correlated with pRNFL thickness ( β=0.372, standard error=0.018, P<0.001), and the SVD was significantly correlated with GCIPL thickness ( β=0.115, standard error=0.204, P<0.001). The MD and BCVA was significantly correlated with peripapillary vessel density after adjustment for other variables (BCVA: β=0.025, standard error=0.005, P=0.000; visual field MD: β=0.737, standard error=0.185, P=0.000). Conclusions:Subclinical primary retinal vasculopathy may occur in NMOSD prior to ON attack, the ON attack may further impair visual function, retinal structure and perfusion, however, the extent of injure is not relevant with the increase of ON attack. The peripapillary vessel density might be a sensitive predictor of visual outcomes in NMOSD patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcome of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19)patients with different body mass index (BMI), and to provide the basis for disease assessment and prognosis.Methods:The clinical data of 541 patients with COVID-19 diagnosed in Xiaogan Hospital Affiliated to Wuhan University of Science and Technology from January 16 to March 28, 2020 were collected. The patients were divided into normal weight group, overweight group, and obesity group according to BMI. The clinical characteristics and outcomes of the three groups were compared. The correlation between BMI and clinical classification was analyzed by ordinal logistic regression.Results:There were 288 cases (53.23%) in normal weight group, 193 cases (35.67%) in overweight group, and 60 cases (11.09%) in obesity group. Compared with normal weight group, overweight and obesity groups displayed higher proportion of hypertension, with increased levels of white blood cells, neutrophils, C reactive protein, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and triglyceride in laboratory test results, and higher proportion of severe and critical illness ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). After adjusting for age, gender, and underlying diseases, regression analysis showed that higher BMI predicted more severe clinical classification ( OR=1.079, 95% CI 1.010-1.154). Conclusion:In COVID-19 patients, overweight and obese patients are more likely to develop into severe and critical illness, suggesting that obesity may be an important risk factor affecting the clinical outcome of COVID-19.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 580-582, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of multimodal endovascular therapy for acute ischemic stroke in elderly patients.Methods:A total of 263 elderly patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled as research subjects from January 2017 to December 2018.Patients were divided into two groups: the intravenous thrombolytic therapy group and the endovascular therapy group.Treatment outcomes were compared by using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS)and the modified Rankin Scale(mRS).Results:Of 263 patients, 125 were in the intravenous thrombolytic therapy group and 138 were in the intravascular therapy group.The rate of good/excellent outcomes was higher in the endovascular treatment group than in the intravenous thrombolytic therapy group(97.8% vs.91.2%, χ2=5.713, P<0.05). The NIHSS score and mRS score were lower in the endovascular treatment group than the in intravenous thrombolytic therapy group[(2.3±0.3) vs.(6.0±1.8), (1.1±0.1) vs.(2.3±0.3), t=9.067 and 16.970, P<0.05]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups(8.6% vs.8.0%, χ2=0.041, P>0.05). Conclusions:Multimodal mechanical thrombus retrieval is a safe and effective treatment for intracranial large vessel occlusion in acute ischemic stroke patients and should be recommended and promoted.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884794

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical pathological characteristics and initial 131I curative responses of familial differentiated thyroid cancer (FDTC) and sporadic differentiated thyroid cancer (SDTC). Methods:A total of 66 FDTC patients (19 males, 47 females, age (39.8±11.7) years) and 1 701 SDTC patients (442 males, 1 259 females, age (40.9±11.3) years) who underwent 131I therapy in Department of Nuclear Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology between January 2010 and August 2018 were retrospectively enrolled. The clinical pathological characteristics, preablative stimulated thyroglobulin (ps-Tg), preablative stimulated thyroglobulin antibody (ps-TgAb) and response to initial therapy (excellent response, indeterminate response, biochemical incomplete response, structural incomplete response) of two groups were analyzed and compared. The clinical pathological parameters included age, gender, pathological type, tumour maximum diameter, bilateral, multifoci, nodules goiter, thyroiditis, thyroid membrane invasion, lymph node metastasis (LNM), invasion of the surrounding soft tissues, distant metastasis, TNM staging and American Thyroid Association (ATA) risk stratification (low-risk, intermediate-risk, high-risk). χ2 test or Fisher exact test and independent-sample t test were used to compare the data between two groups. Results:Comparing with SDTC group, FDTC group showed higher proportion of bilateral foci (45.5%(30/66) vs 31.2%(530/1 701); χ2=5.999, P=0.010), thyroid membrane invasion (43.9%(29/66) vs 26.6%(452/1 701); χ2=9.672, P=0.002) and distant metastasis (15.2%(10/66) vs 6.2%(105/1 701); χ2=8.418, P=0.004). There was a statistical difference in risk stratification between two groups (high-risk: 18.2%(12/66) vs 9.2%(156/1 701); intermediate-risk: 68.2%(45/66) vs 72.7%(1 237/1 701); low-risk: 13.6%(9/66) vs 18.1%(308/1 701); χ2=6.898, P=0.030). But the tumor maximum diameter of FDTC group was smaller than that of SDTC group ((1.24±0.74) vs (1.50±0.92) cm; t=-2.275, P=0.020). There were no significant differences in other clinical pathological parameters between FDTC group and SDTC group ( t=-0.804, χ2 values: 0.101-5.359, all P>0.05). There were no significant differences between two groups in the postoperation ps-Tg, ps-TgAb levels and the response to initial therapy after 131I treatment ( χ2 values: 0.059-1.915, all P>0.05). Conclusions:The FDTC group displays distinct characteristics as increased aggressiveness at diagnosis. But after accurately treatment, there is no significant difference in the response to therapy between two groups.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlations between perfused lung volumes, visual scores (using perfusion SPECT/CT) and right-heart catheter (RHC) hemodynamic parameters in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).Methods:A total of 51 consecutive CTEPH patients (17 males, 34 females, age (59±12) years) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University between March 2015 and July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent lung perfusion SPECT/CT imaging and RHC examinations. Perfused lung volumes were determined using threshold-based (15%-85%) segmentation. Visual semiquantitative scoring in each lung segment was performed using Begic method. RHC hemodynamic parameters including pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), pulmonary arterial diastolic pressure (PADP), mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), pulmonary arteriolar wedge pressure (PAWP), pulmonary vessel resistance (PVR), cardiac output (CO), cardiac index (CI) were recorded. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlations between perfused lung volumes, visual scores and hemodynamic parameters.Results:There were significant correlations between perfused lung volumes (30%-70% threshold) and mPAP ( rs values: from -0.414 to -0.302, all P<0.05). Among them, perfused lung volumes under the threshold of 40% and 45% were moderately correlated with mPAP ( rs values: -0.414, -0.412, both P<0.05). Perfused lung volume (40% threshold) was moderately negatively correlated with PASP, PADP ( rs values: -0.402, -0.440, both P<0.05), and slightly negatively correlated with PVR ( rs=-0.352, P<0.05). Visual scores were slightly positively correlated with the PADP ( rs=0.311, P<0.05), while there was no correlation between visual scores and other RHC hemodynamic parameters ( rs values: from -0.201 to 0.275, all P>0.05). Conclusion:Perfused lung volumes based on threshold-based segmentation in lung perfusion SPECT/CT imaging can accurately reflect hemodynamic status and may provide useful information for severity assessment of CTEPH.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884769

ABSTRACT

Objective:To reveal the abnormal topology of brain network in Alzheimer′s disease (AD), and evaluate the laterality of tau protein deposition in brains of AD patients based on 18F-APN-1607 PET brain imaging combined with graph theory. Methods:From November 2018 to January 2020, 23 clinically diagnosed AD patients (9 males, 14 females; age (61.3±10.7) years) and 13 normal controls (NC) (9 males, 4 females; age (61.6±4.5) years) who underwent 18F-APN-1607 PET imaging in Huashan Hospital, Fudan University were analyzed in this cross-sectional study. The brain network analysis method based on graph theory was used to construct the tau network of the NC group and the AD group, the network attributes (clustering coefficient, shortest path length, local efficiency, and small-worldness) were calculated, and the asymmetry index (AI) of each group to evaluate the laterality of tau protein deposition was obtained. Permutation test (1 000 times) was used to analyze the differences in brain network parameters between the NC group and the AD group. Results:The tau network of the AD group had obvious topological disorder, and the connections in the olfactory cortex and temporal lobe were weakened, while in the posterior cingulate gyrus, anterior wedge, and parietal occipital lobe, the connections were enhanced. Compared with NC group, clustering coefficient ( t values: 2.28-2.69), local efficiency ( t values: 2.34-3.06) and small-worldness ( t values: 2.26-3.32) were significantly decreased in AD group (all P<0.05) with the sparsity of 20%-50%, while the shortest path length was significantly increased ( t values: 2.13-2.85; all P<0.05). There was significant tau laterality in the posterior cingulate gyrus, superior parietal gyrus, paracentral lobule, superior temporal gyrus and middle temporal gyrus (AI: 10.5%(8.1%, 13.9%), 14.1%(7.6%, 20.3%), -12.4%(-15.7%, -7.8%), -10.8%(-15.3%, -2.1%) , -12.1%(-17.9%, -6.6%), respectively). Conclusion:The tau network analysis based on 18F-APN-1607 may be used to reveal abnormal topological changes of AD patients, and the tau deposition in the posterior cingulate gyrus, superior parietal gyrus, paracentral lobule, superior temporal gyrus and middle temporal gyrus has obvious laterality in AD patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of biopolysaccharide colloidal solution (Shutaishu) in the prevention of intestinal adhesion after abdominal surgery.Methods:A total of 100 patients scheduled to undergo abdominal surgery in Quzhou Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from February to October in 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 50 patients in each group. Before closing the abdomen after surgery, abdominal cavity and wound were flashed with Shutaishu and 0.9% sodium chloride injection in the observation and control groups, respectively. The recovery of gastrointestinal function, intestinal adhesion, abdominal pain and the incidence of complications were compared between the observation and control groups.Results:The time to first regular bowel sound [(28.81 ± 5.56) h], time to first passage of flatus [(36.34 ± 6.24) h], time to first defecation [(41.65 ± 8.77) h], time taken for walking [(3.78 ± 0.64) d] in the observation group were significantly shorter than those in the control group [(32.75 ± 5.15) h, (41.51 ± 6.84) h, (48.05 ± 9.81) h, (4.27 ± 0.69) d, t = 3.68, 3.95, 3.89, 3.68, all P < 0.001]. At 5 and 30 days after surgery, the incidence of intestinal adhesion in the observation group [10.0% (5/50), 12.0% (6/50)] was significantly lower than that in the control group [26.0% (13/50), 30.0% (15/50), χ2 = 4.34, 4.88, both P < 0.05]. The total incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [26.0% (13/50) vs. 54.0% (27/50), χ2 = 8.17, P < 0.05]. With time, visual analogue scale score was significantly decreased in both groups ( t = 3.51, 6.18, both P < 0.05). At 1, 3 and 5 days after surgery, visual analogue scale score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( t = 4.07, 4.95 and 8.02, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Biopolysaccharide colloidal solution is of high clinical value in the prevention of intestinal adhesion after abdominal surgery because it can promote the recovery of gastrointestinal function and early functional exercise, and has no obvious adverse reactions and complications.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880562

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1) can protect human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) against high glucose-induced apoptosis and examine the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#HUVECs were divided into 5 groups: control group (5.5 mmol/L glucose), high glucose (HG, 40 mmol/L) treatment group, Rb1 (50 µ mol/L) treatment group, Rb1 plus HG treatment group, and Rb1 and 3-(@*RESULTS@#Rb1 ameliorated survival in cells in which apoptosis was induced by high glucose (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Upon the addition of Rb1, mitochondrial and intracellular reactive oxygen species generation and malondialdehyde levels were decreased (P<0.01), while the activities of antioxidant enzymes were increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Rb1 preserved the mitochondrial membrane potential and reduced the release of Cyt-c from the mitochondria into the cytosol (P<0.01). In addition, Rb1 upregulated mitochondrial biogenesis-associated proteins (P<0.01). Notably, the cytoprotective effects of Rb1 were correlated with SIRT3 signalling pathway activation (P<0.01). The effect of Rb1 against high glucose-induced mitochondria-related apoptosis was restrained by 3-TYP (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Rb1 could protect HUVECs from high glucose-induced apoptosis by promoting mitochondrial function and suppressing oxidative stress through the SIRT3 signalling pathway.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of San-Ao Decoction (, SAD) on water metabolism of bronchial asthra model mice.@*METHODS@#Forty-five female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control, model and SAD groups by a random number table, 15 mice in each group. A composite method with ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge was developed to establish bronchial asthma model. Mice in the control group were intraperitoneally injected with distilled water without aerosol inhalation challenge. On day 15-22, 0.3 mL SAD was administered via gastric route in SAD group, one time per day, while an equivalent volume of normal saline was used for gastric administration in the control and model groups. Changes in airway resistance in the inspiratory phase (RI-R-Area) were detected using an AniRes2005 system, and 5-h urine output was collected by metabolic cages. Histopathological changes in lung and kidney were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. mRNA expressions of aquaporin (AQP) 1 and AQP2 in kidney were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and the protein expressions of AQP1 and AQP2 in kidney were detected by immunohistochemistry. Enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay was used to detect the OVA-specific endothelium-1 (ET-1), antidiuretic hormone (ADH), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), prostaglandin E@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the serum IgE level in model group increased (P<0.01). Following the pathologic changes in lung tissue, no significant change in kidney tissue was observed among 3 groups. Compared with the control group, the mice in the model group showed elevated airway resistance during inhalation phase, higher mRNA and protein expression levels on AQP1 and AQP2 in kidney tissue and higher ET-1 levels in serum, lung and kidney tissues, ADH and ANP in lung and serum, PGE@*CONCLUSION@#San-Ao Decoction can regulate the urine volume through regulating AQP1 and AQP2 expression, and the expression of these in the kidneys might be regulated by ET-1, NO and Ang II.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880146

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the clinical and Laboratory characteristics of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and analyze the prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#Two hundred MM patients were retrospectively analyzed for the following parameters, including peripheral blood, bone marrow morphology, cytogenetics, clinical staging, and response to the chemotherapy in order to summarize related factors affecting overall survival (OS). The prognostic factors were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#200 patients with MM were divided into 3 groups according to bone marrow plasma cell percentage (BMPC%) in bone marrow smears: <10% group (74 cases, 37.0%), 10%-50% group (75 cases, 37.5%), >50% group (51 cases, 25.5%). Compared with the other two groups, patients in BMPC%<10% group were characterized by lower clinical staging levels, lower rates of 13q14 deletion and t(11;14) positive, better response to chemotherapy and favorable three-year OS rate. The univariate analysis showed that prognostic factors indicating favorable outcome as evaluated by OS included age≤55 years old, BMPC%<10%, WBC<7.5×10@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical characteristics are different among MM patients with different BMPC% in bone marrow smears at initial diagnosis, and prognostic analysis shows that the BMPC% in bone marrow smears has an effect on OS rate. BMPC% in bone marrow smears at initial diagnosis, age, WBC, Hb, response to the fourth chemotherapy are also the main factors impacting the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879037

ABSTRACT

Chrysanthemum is widely used as a type of edible flower and also considered as the important materials of many beverages in China. Due to the occurrence of diseases and pests, and the lack of regulations for species, frequency, dose of pesticides in Chrysanthemum, pesticides have become one of the main pollutants in Chrysanthemum. The pesticide residues in Chrysanthemum were detected frequently and worth noting. This paper focused on the types of pesticides, pesticide residue detection techniques, and risk assessment methods for Chrysanthemums on the basis of relevant literatures. The pesticide residues of traditional Chinese medicine are mainly organochlorines, organophosphorus and pyrethroids, and the detection techniques include gas chromatography(GC), liquid chromatography(LC) or both combined with mass spectrometry(MS). With the increasing use of traditional Chinese medicine, Chrysanthemum is widely circulated in the market. Therefore, it is important to understand the current situation of pesticide residues in different varieties of Chrysanthemum, so as to provide theoretical reference for the control of quality and safety of Chrysanthemum and the formulation of the maximum residue limit.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Chrysanthemum/genetics , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Pesticide Residues/analysis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879019

ABSTRACT

Triterpenoids are one of the most active constituents in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, but only oleanolic acid has been mostly studied. In recent years, a growing number of studies have shown that other triterpenes from Ligustri Lucidi Fructus also have various biological activities, so it is necessary to build up a detailed profile of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with mobile phase of methanol-acetonitrile-0.2% formic acid for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm, with a flow rate of 0.5 mL·min~(-1), and the column temperature of 25 ℃. The HPLC fingerprint of triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus was built by testing 21 batches of samples from different sources. The structures of the total 15 common chromatographic peaks were elucidated with UHPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS technique and six of them were identified as tormentic acid, pomolic acid, maslinic acid, botulin, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid by comparison to the reference substances. Under the same chromatographic condition, four main triterpenes(podocarboxylic acid, hawthorn acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid) were quantified and the results of system adaptability and methodology investigation all met the requirements of content determination. Meanwhile, with oleanolic acid(A) as the internal reference substance, quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method was used to analyze the above four components. The relative correction factor of oleanolic acid(B), hawthorn acid(C) and ursolic acid(D) to oleanolic acid was f_(B/A)=1.12, f_(C/A)=1.02 and f_(D/A)=0.88, respectively, and the relative retention values of these three to oleanolic acid was RRV_(B/A)=0.46, RRV_(C/A)=0.70 and RRV_(D/A)=1.03, respectively. The contents determined by two methods were similar. In conclusion, the method built in this paper is proved to be simple, reliable and specific for the simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, which can lay foundation for further assays of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and the relative products.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Ligustrum , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Triterpenes
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878986

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to solve the problems of complicated-unstable test solution preparation process and insufficient extraction of the active ingredient astragaloside Ⅳ in the legal method for the determination of astragaloside Ⅳ in Astragali Radix. The continuous single-factor analysis of seven main factors affecting the content of astragaloside Ⅳ was carried out by HPLC-ELSD, and then the pre-paration method of test solution was optimized. This optimized method exhibited excellent performance in precision, repeatability and stability. The average recovery rate of astragaloside Ⅳ was 99.65% with RSD 2.2%. Astragaloside Ⅳ showed a good linearity between the logarithm of peak area and the logarithm of injection quantity in the range of 0.46-9.1 μg(r=0.999 6). The contents of astragaloside Ⅳ in 29 batches of Astragali Radix were determined by the new and the legal methods. The results showed that the average content of astragaloside Ⅳ in these Astragali Radix samples determined by the former method was 1.458 times than that of the latter one, indicating the new method was simple, reliable and more adequate to extract target compound. According to the results, it is suggested to improve the content standard of astragaloside Ⅳ in Astragali Radix in the new edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Saponins , Triterpenes/analysis
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The effect of isoprenylcysteine carboxymethyltransferase (ICMT) silencing on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma was investigated by constructing the small interfering RNA (siRNA) of ICMT.@*METHODS@#Through liposomal transfection, siRNA was transfected into human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells (ICMT-siRNA group) with a negative control group (transfected with NC-siRNA) and a blank control group (transfected with a transfection reagent but not with siRNA). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the mRNA expression of ICMT and RhoA in each group of cells after transfection and to measure the silencing efficiency. Western blot was applied to examine the expression levels of ICMT, total RhoA, membrane RhoA, ROCK1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 proteins in each group. The migration and invasion abilities were evaluated via wound healing and Transwell motility assays.@*RESULTS@#After CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were transfected with ICMT-siRNA, the expression levels of ICMT genes and proteins decreased significantly in the experimental group compared with those in the negative and blank control groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The migration and invasion abilities of CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were reduced significantly after the transfection of ICMT-siRNA, and the involved mechanism might be related to the RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , Transfection , rho-Associated Kinases
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the effects of silencing isoprenylcysteine carboxyl methyltransfe-rase (Icmt) through small interfering RNA (siRNA) interference on the proliferation and apoptosis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC).@*METHODS@#Three siRNA were designed and constructed for the Icmt gene sequence and were then transfected into TSCC cells CAL-27 and SCC-4 to silence Icmt expression. The tested cells were divided as follows: RNA interference groups Icmt-siRNA-1, Icmt-siRNA-2, and Icmt-siRNA-3, negative control group, and blank control group. The transfection efficiency of siRNA was detected by the fluorescent group Cy3-labeled siRNA, and the expression of Icmt mRNA was screened by quantitive real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) selected the experimental group for subsequent experiments. The expression of Icmt, RhoA, Cyclin D1, p21, extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), and phospho-extracellular regulated protein kinases (p-ERK) were analyzed by Western blot. The proliferation abilities of TSCC cells were determined by cell counting kit-8 assay. The change in apoptosis was detected by AnnexinV-APC/propidium staining (PI) assay. Cell-cycle analysis was conducted by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The expression of Icmt mRNA and protein in TSCC cells significantly decreased after Icmt-siRNA transfection (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Silencing Icmt can effectively downregulate its expression in TSCC cells, reduce the RhoA membrane targeting localization and cell proliferation, and induce apoptosis. Thus, Icmt may be a potential gene therapy target for TSCC.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population.@*Methods@#The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models.@*Results@#A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices).@*Conclusion@#An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Glucose/analysis , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Glycemic Index , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/blood
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1079-1086, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878133

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of lipids and cancer has varied greatly among different cancer types, lipid components and study populations. This study is aimed to investigate the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant lesions in esophageal squamous epithelium.@*METHODS@#In the "Endoscopic Screening for Esophageal Cancer in China" (ESECC) trial, serum samples were collected and tested for total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol at the time of subject enrollment. Cases were defined as malignant esophageal lesions identified by baseline endoscopic examination or by follow-up to May 31, 2018. Controls were randomly selected using incidence density sampling in the same cohort. Conditional logistic models were applied to identify the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant esophageal lesions. Effect modification was evaluated by testing interaction terms of the factor under assessment and these serum lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#No consistent association between serum lipid levels and esophageal malignant lesions were found in a pooled analysis of 211 cases and 2101 controls. For individuals with a family history of esophageal cancer (EC), high TC, and LDL-C were associated with a significantly increased risk of having malignant lesions (odds ratio [OR]High vs. Low TC = 2.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-4.35; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 1.93, 95% CI: 1.01-3.65). However, a negative association was observed in participants without an EC family history (ORHigh vs. Low TC = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.48-0.98, Pinteraction = 0.002; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.34-0.76, Pinteraction < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we found that the association of serum lipids and malignant esophageal lesions might be modified by EC family history. The stratified analysis would be crucial for population-based studies investigating the association of serum lipids and cancer. The mechanism by which a family history of EC modifies this association warrants further investigation.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China , Cholesterol, HDL , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Lipids , Triglycerides
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