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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1017-1023, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973797

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the difference and consistency of corneal refractive power and astigmatism measured by CASIA2 and IOL Master 700 in patients with age-related cataract.METHODS: Retrospective study. A total of 153 patients(232 eyes)with age-related cataract admitted to Daping hospital from November to December 2021 were selected. The flat keratometry(Kf), steep keratometry(Ks), mean keratometry(Km), degree and axis of astigmatism(vector representation J0 and J45)of the anterior, posterior surfaces together with the total cornea from cataract patients were measured by CASIA2 and IOL Master 700, respectively. The difference, correlation and consistency of the two instruments were analyzed.RESULTS:There was no significant difference in J45 values of posterior corneal surface measured by CASIA2 and IOL Master 700(-0.006±0.038D vs. -0.005±0.044D, P>0.05), but there were significant differences in other parameters(all P<0.05). All parameters measured by the two instruments were significantly positive correlated(all r/rs>0.7, P<0.001); Bland-Altman analysis showed that the refractive power and astigmatism of the anterior cornea surface measured by the two facilities were in good consistency, while the refractive power of the posterior surface and the whole cornea showed poor consistency.CONCLUSION: CASIA2 and IOL Master 700 showed little differences and good consistency in the refractive power and astigmatism of the anterior, posterior and total corneal surface in cataract patients, which seems interchangeable. However, the refractive power of the posterior surface and the whole cornea has significant differences and poor consistency, which should not be interchange casually.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 843-847, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972413

ABSTRACT

Since the advent of artificial intelligence(AI), it has been increasingly applied and rapidly developed in various fields. In the field of medicine, image features can be automatically extracted and the performance of feature learning and classification can be completed with the help of AI. In the field of ocular fundus disease, AI can give a diagnosis of age-related maculopathy by analyzing and identifying fundus photography and optical coherence tomography with an accuracy rate similar to that of ophthalmologists. In the future, AI may assist physicians in making a diagnosis of age-related macular degeneration, aid basic hospital in screening and curb its progression in the early stage of the disease. However, the technique has problems such as uncertain model recognition performance, opaque operation process, and excessive amount of clinical data required, which still cannot be widely used in the clinic. In recent years, a lot of research has been done in China in the application of deep learning with AI to assist diagnosis of ophthalmic diseases, and the results show that AI combined with imaging analysis of ophthalmic diseases has such characteristics as objectivity, efficiency and accuracy. In this article, studies on deep learning in the auxiliary diagnosis of age-related maculopathy are reviewed, and the progress on its application and the limitations that exist are analyzed, so as to provide more information on the use and extension of AI in this disease.

3.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 191-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971514

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of different manners of heat exposure on thoracic aorta injury in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Normal 6 to 7-week-old male SHRs were randomized into control group (cage at room temperature), intermittent heat exposure group (SHR-8 group, exposed to 32 ℃ for 8 h daily for 7 days) and SHR-24 group (with continuous exposure to 32 ℃ for 7 days). After the treatments, the pathologies of the thoracic aorta of the rats were observed with HE staining, and the expressions of Beclin1, LC3B and p62 were detected with Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay; TUNEL staining was used to observe cell apoptosis in the thoracic aorta, and the expressions of caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2 were detected using Western blotting. The effects of intraperitoneal injections of 3-MA (an autophagy agonist), rapamycin (an autophagy inhibitor) or compound C 30 min before intermittent heat exposure on the expressions of proteins associated with autophagy, apoptosis and the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathway in the aorta were examined with immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#In SHR-8 group, the rats showed incomplete aortic intima with disordered cell distribution and significantly increased expressions of Beclin1, LC3II/LC3I and Bax, lowered expressions of p62 and Bcl-2, and increased apoptotic cells in the thoracic aorta (P < 0.05). Pretreatment with 3-MA obviously inhibited the expressions of autophagy- and apoptosis-related proteins, whereas rapamycin promoted their expressions. Compared with the control group, the rats in SHR-8 group had significantly down-regulated p-mTOR and up-regulated p-AMPK and p-ULK1 expression of in the aorta; Treatment with compound C obviously lowered the expressions of p-AMPK and p-ULK1 and those of LC3B and Beclin1 as well.@*CONCLUSION@#In SHRs, intermittent heat exposure causes significant pathologies and promotes autophagy and apoptosis in the thoracic aorta possibly by activating the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Inbred SHR , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Aorta, Thoracic , Beclin-1 , Hot Temperature , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Apoptosis , Aortic Diseases , Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog/metabolism
4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 106-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959027

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze clinical prognosis, risk factors and predictive indexes of hyperkalemia in recipients after heart transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 158 recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to the serum potassium levels within postoperative 1-year follow-up, all recipients were divided into the normal serum potassium level group (n=83), hyperkalemia group (n=43) and severe hyperkalemia group (n=32). The incidence and prognosis of hyperkalemia after heart transplantation were summarized. The risk factors and predictive indexes of hyperkalemia after heart transplantation were identified. Results The incidence of hyperkalemia and severe hyperkalemia within postoperative 1 year was 47.5%(75/158) and 20.3%(32/158), respectively. In the severe hyperkalemia group, the fatality was 16%(5/32), higher than 8%(7/83) in the normal serum potassium level group and 7%(3/43) in the hyperkalemia group. The mean serum creatinine (Scr) within 6 months before heart transplantation, the final total bilirubin level before heart transplantation, postoperative hemodialysis time, the Scr level and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level at postoperative 1 d were the independent risk factors for hyperkalemia following heart transplantation (all P < 0.05). The mean Scr level within 6 months before heart transplantation, postoperative hemodialysis time, and Scr levels at postoperative 1 and 7 d could be used to predict postoperative severe hyperkalemia. Conclusions The recipients with severe hyperkalemia after heart transplantation obtain poor prognosis. The mean Scr level within 6 months before heart transplantation, the final total bilirubin level before heart transplantation, postoperative hemodialysis time, and the Scr level and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level at postoperative 1 d are the independent risk factors for hyperkalemia after heart transplantation. Perioperative Scr level and postoperative hemodialysis time may be used to predict the incidence of severe hyperkalemia within 1 year after heart transplantation.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 56-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959020

ABSTRACT

Pediatric heart transplantation is the standard treatment for children complicated with refractory heart failure which is difficult to be treated by conventional surgery or drugs. At present, an increasing quantity of pediatric heart transplantation is being performed worldwide, whereas relevant experience is still lacking in China. In recent 10 years, significant progress has been achieved in pediatric heart transplantation. On one hand, the number of pediatric heart transplantation has been increased year by year. On the other hand, ABO-incompatible heart transplantation, application of ventricular assist device in children, and recipient-donor weight mismatch transplantation have been widely employed to resolve the shortage of donor heart in pediatric heart transplantation. However, relevant experience of pediatric heart transplantation is lacking in China, especially in understanding the indications of pediatric heart transplantation and the application of specific strategies for pediatric heart transplantation, etc. In this article, the development history, advances in therapeutic strategy and clinical prognosis of pediatric heart transplantation were reviewed.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1535-1545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970625

ABSTRACT

To compare the pancreatic proteomics and autophagy between Rehmanniae Radix-and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata-treated mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). The T2DM mouse model was established by high-fat diet coupled with streptozotocin(STZ, intraperitoneal injection, 100 mg·kg~(-1), once a day for three consecutive days). The mice were then randomly assigned into a control group, low-(5 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(15 g·kg~(-1)) Rehmanniae Radix groups, low-(150 mg·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(300 mg·kg~(-1)) catalpol groups, low-(5 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(15 g·kg~(-1)) Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata groups, low-(150 mg·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(300 mg·kg~(-1)) 5-hydroxymethyl furfuraldehyde(5-HMF) groups, and a metformin(250 mg·kg~(-1)) group. In addition, a normal group was also set and each group included 8 mice. The pancreas was collected after four weeks of administration and proteomics tools were employed to study the effects of Rehmanniae Radix and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata on protein expression in the pancreas of T2DM mice. The expression levels of proteins involved in autophagy, inflammation, and oxidative stress response in the pancreatic tissues of T2DM mice were determined by western blotting, immunohistochemical assay, and transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that the differential proteins between the model group and Rehmanniae Radix/Rehmanniae Radix Prae-parata group were enriched in 7 KEGG pathways, such as autophagy-animal, which indicated that the 7 pathways may be associated with T2DM. Compared with the control group, drug administration significantly up-regulated the expression levels of beclin1 and phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin(p-mTOR)/mTOR and down-regulated those of the inflammation indicators, Toll-like receptor-4(TLR4) and Nod-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3), in the pancreas of T2DM mice, and Rehmanniae Radix showed better performance. In addition, the expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2), and heine oxygenase-1(HO-1) in the pancreas of T2DM mice were down-regulated after drug administration, and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata demonstrated better performance. The results indicate that both Rehmanniae Radix and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata can alleviate the inflammatory symptoms, reduce oxidative stress response, and increase the autophagy level in the pancreas of T2DM mice, while they exert the effect on different autophagy pathways.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Streptozocin/pharmacology , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Proteomics , Inflammation , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Autophagy , Mammals
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1005-1013, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970572

ABSTRACT

The ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was used to conduct the qualitative analysis of the monoterpene chemical components from Paeoniae Radix Rubra. Gradient elution was performed on C_(18) HD(2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.5 μm) column with a mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid(A) and acetonitrile(B). The flow rate was 0.4 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was 30 ℃. MS analysis was conducted in both positive and negative ionization modes using electrospray ionization(ESI) source. Qualitative Analysis 10.0 was used for data processing. The identification of chemical components was realized by the combination of standard compounds, fragmentation patterns, and mass spectra data reported in the literature. Forty-one monoterpenoids in Paeoniae Radix Rubra extract were identified. Among them, 8 compounds were reported in Paeoniae Radix Rubra for the first time and 1 was presumed to be the new compound 5″-O-methyl-galloylpaeoniflorin or its positional isomer. The method in this study realizes the rapid identification of monoterpenoids from Paeoniae Radix Rubra and provides a material and scientific basis for quality control and further study on the pharmaceutical effect of Paeoniae Radix Rubra.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mass Spectrometry , Monoterpenes
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 707-714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970540

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents in soft coral Sarcophyton glaucum were separated and purified by various chromatographic methods. Based on the spectral data, physicochemical properties, and comparison with the data reported in the literature, nine cembranoids, including a new cembranoid named sefsarcophinolide(1) together with eight known cembranoids, namely(+)-isosarcophine(2), sarcomilitatin D(3), sarcophytonolide J(4),(1S,3E,7E,13S)-11,12-epoxycembra-3,7,15-triene-13-ol(5), sarcophytonin B(6),(-)-eunicenone(7), lobophytin B(8), and arbolide C(9), were identified. As revealed by biological activity experiment results, compounds 2-6 had weak acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity, and compound 5 displayed weak cytotoxicity against K562 tumor cell line.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthozoa , Acetylcholinesterase , Cell Line, Tumor
9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 339-344, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981949

ABSTRACT

The process of semen collection plays a key role in the quality of semen specimens. However, the association between semen collection time and semen quality is still unclear. In this study, ejaculates by masturbation from 746 subfertile men or healthy men who underwent semen analysis were examined. The median (interquartile range) semen collection time for all participants was 7.0 (5.0-11.0) min, and the median time taken for semen collection was lower in healthy men than that in subfertile men (6.0 min vs 7.0 min). An increase in the time required to produce semen samples was associated with poorer semen quality. Among those undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART), the miscarriage rate was positively correlated with the semen collection time. After adjusting for confounders, the highest quartile (Q4) of collection time was negatively associated with semen volume and sperm concentration. A longer time to produce semen samples (Q3 and Q4) was negatively correlated with progressive and total sperm motility. In addition, there was a significant negative linear association between the semen collection time and the sperm morphology. Higher risks of asthenozoospermia (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 2.06, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.31-3.25, P = 0.002) and teratozoospermia (adjusted OR = 1.98, 95% CI: 1.10-3.55, P = 0.02) were observed in Q3 than those in Q1. Our results indicate that a higher risk of abnormal semen parameter values was associated with an increase in time for semen collection, which may be related to male fertility through its association with semen quality.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Semen Analysis , Semen , Sperm Motility , Sperm Count , Asthenozoospermia , Spermatozoa
10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 431-437, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981610

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the surgical technique and effectiveness of titanium elastic nail (TEN) assisted retrograde channel screw implantation of superior pubic branch.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 31 patients with pelvic or acetabular fractures treated with retrograde channel screw implantation in superior pubic branch between January 2021 and April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 16 cases were implanted with assistance of TEN (study group) and 15 cases were implanted under the guidance of C-arm X-ray machine (control group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, cause of injury, Tile classification of pelvic fracture, Judet-Letournal classification of acetabular fracture, and time from injury to operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, fluoroscopy times, and intraoperative blood loss of each superior pubic branch retrograde channel screw were recorded during operation. X-ray films and three-dimensional CT were reexamined after operation, the quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by Matta score standard, and the position of channel screw was evaluated by screw position classification standard. The fracture healing time was recorded during the follow-up, and the postoperative functional recovery was evaluated by Merle D'Aubigne Postel score system at last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Nineteen and 20 retrograde channel screws of superior pubic branch were implanted in the study group and the control group, respectively. The operation time, fluoroscopy times, and intraoperative blood loss of each screw in the study group were significantly less than those in the control group ( P<0.05). According to the postoperative X-ray films and three-dimensional CT, none of the 19 screws in the study group penetrated out of the cortical bone or into the joint, and the excellent and good rate was 100% (19/19); in the control group, there were 4 screws of cortical bone penetration, and the excellent and good rate was 80% (16/20); the difference between the two groups was significant ( P<0.05). Matta score standard was used to evaluate the quality of fracture reduction, there was no patient in the two groups with poor reduction results, and the difference was not significant between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incisions of the two groups healed by first intention, and there was no complication such as incision infection, skin margin necrosis, and deep infection. All patients were followed up 8-22 months, with an average of 14.7 months. There was no significant difference in healing time between the two groups ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, the difference in functional recovery evaluated by the Merle D'Aubigne Postel scoring system between the two groups was not significant ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TEN assisted implantation technique can significantly shorten the operation time of retrograde channel screw implantation of superior pubic branch, reduce the times of fluoroscopy, and have less intraoperative blood loss and accurate screw implantation, which provides a new safe and reliable method for minimally invasive treatment of pelvic and acetabular fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Titanium , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Bone Screws , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Spinal Fractures , Hip Fractures
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2396-2405, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981316

ABSTRACT

As arsenic widely exists in nature and has been used in the pharmaceutical preparations, the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) with arsenic include realgar(As_2S_2 or As_4S_4), orpiment(As_2S_3), and white arsenic(As_2O_3). Among the above representative medicine, the TCM compound formulas with realgar are utilized extensively. Just in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition), there are 37 Chinese patent medicines including realgar. The traditional element analysis focuses on the detection of the total amount of elements, which neglects the study on the speciation and valence of elements. The activity, toxicity, bioavailability, and metabolic pathways of arsenic in vivo are closely related to the existence of its form, and different forms of arsenic have different effects on organisms. Therefore, the study on the speciation and valence of arsenic is of great importance for arsenic-containing TCMs and their compound formulas. This paper reviewed four aspects of the speciation and valence of arsenic, including property, absorption and metabolism, toxicity, and analytical assay.


Subject(s)
Arsenic/analysis , Arsenicals/analysis , Sulfides , Arsenic Trioxide , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Biological Products
12.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 736-742, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of multiparametric cardiac magnetic resonance(CMR)or detecting the occurrence of acute rejection(AR)after heart transplantation(HT).Methods:From 2019 to 2021, 44 HT recipients are prospectively recruited from Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital.Another 51 healthy volunteers are recruited from a local community as healthy controls.CMR studies are performed for obtaining baseline parameters.According to the clinicopathological diagnostic criteria of AR by the consensus of International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation, 81 CMR studies of 44 HT recipients are further divided into two groups of AR (18 cases)and non-AR(71 cases). CMR parameters includ global ventricular structure/function, T2, T1, extracellular volume(ECV)and late gadolinium enhancement(LGE). A combined model is established by binary Logistic regression and receiver operator characteristic curve(ROC)constructed.Results:The age range is(41.8±16.8)years in 44 HT recipients and(41.8±9.7)years in 51 healthy controls.T1 mapping indicated that myocardial global ECV of left ventricle is significantly higher in AR patients than non-AR controls(32.4%±6.0% vs 28.5%±2.4%; P<0.001 9). Global native T1 is higher in AR group than that in non-AR group(49.8±3.1 vs 47.5±2.8 ms, P=0.009)and the difference is statistically significant.The cutoff value of global ECV is 30.62% with a sensitivity of 61% and a specificity of 86% for detecting AR.And T2 mapping reveale that T2 value of global left ventricle is significantly higher in AR group than that in non-AR group(49.8±3.1 vs 47.5±2.8 ms, P=0.009). LGE extent is significantly higher in AR group than those in non-AR group( P=0.004). Through including global native T1 and ECV into a logistic regression model, multiparametric CMR can yield an area under curve(AUC)of 0.794.It hints at the potential of CMR for detecting AR. Conclusions:Multiparametric cardiac magnetic resonance offers an excellent predictive capacity for a noninvasive detection of AR.

13.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 712-717, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994620

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors and follow-up outcomes of pediatric heart transplantation(HT).Methods:Between January 2018 and June 2022, perioperative data are retrospectively reviewed for 41 pediatric HT recipients aged <18 years and donor-recipient weight data for infants aged under 3 years at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital.Perioperative survivors are followed up until August 31, 2022 through out patient visits and telephone calls.Postoperative survivals are examined by Kaplan-Meier method and possible risk factors for perioperative survival identify with Logistic regression.Results:There are 22 boys and 19 girls with a median age of 120(58~138)months.After preoperative adjuvant therapy of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO), 8 cases had a successful transition to HT and 2 children underwent ABO incompatible(ABOi)HT.Six children aged under 3 years had a donor-recipient weight ratio of 2.95.Among 17 children, there are one or more complications, including continuous renal replacement therapy(CRRT, 9 cases, 21.95%), tracheotomy (3 cases, 7.32%), delayed chest closure or redo of sternotomy(6 cases, 14.63%)and acute graft dysfunction(4 cases, 9.76%). Five children died during perioperative period.The possible risk factors for perioperative mortality include preoperative ECMO assistance[ HR: 32.00, 95% CI: (2.83~361.79), P<0.05], preoperative CRRT[ HR: 11.33, 95% CI: (1.15~111.69), P<0.05] and total bilirubin [ HR: 1.02, 95% CI: (1.002~1.040), P<0.05]. During follow-ups, one child died from Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease; another case of EBV-associated hepatic leiomyoma underwent transcatheter arterial embolization.With an overall survival rate of 85.37%, the cumulative survival rate is 96.97% for children without preoperative ECMO assistance( P<0.05). Postoperative mortality rate spiked markedly in children with preoperative ECMO assistance ( P=0.0013). However, follow-up results of perioperatively survivors indicate that preoperative usage of ECMO will not affect follow-up survival( P=0.53). In ABOi group or infants aged under 3 years, no mortality occurres postoperatively or during follow-ups. Conclusions:In infant aged under 3 years, the strategies of ABOi HT and large-weight donor HT are both safe and effective and it has no effect upon perioperative and follow-up survivals.Preoperative ECMO assistance, total bilirubin and preoperative use of CRRT are risk factors for perioperative survival.

14.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1100-1108, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of JAG1 on the malignant phenotype of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and its role in angiogenesis in breast cancer microenvironment.@*METHODS@#The expressions of Notch molecules were detected in human TNBC 231 and 231B cells using RT-qPCR. Five female nude mice were inoculated with 231 cells and another 5 with 231B cells into the mammary fat pads, and 4-6 weeks later, the tumors were collected for immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence tests. 231 cells and 231B cells were treated with recombinant JAG (rJAG) protein and DAPT, respectively, and changes in their malignant phenotypes were assessed using CCK-8 assay, Hoechst 33258 staining, wound healing assay, Transwell chamber assay and endothelial cell adhesion assay. Western blotting was used to detect the changes in the expressions of proteins related with the malignant phenotypes of 231 and 231B cells. The effects of conditioned medium (CM) derived from untreated 231 and 231 B cells, rJAG1-treated 231 cells and DAPT-treated 231B cells on proliferation and tube formation ability of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were evaluated using CCK-8 assay and tube-forming assay.@*RESULTS@#The expression of JAG1 was higher in 231B cells than in 231 cells (P < 0.05). Tumor 231B showed higher expression of VEGFA and CD31. Compared with 231-Blank group, the migration, invasion and adhesion of 231 cells in 231-rJAG1 were significantly enhanced (P < 0.05). Protein levels of Twist1 and Snail increased (P < 0.01), anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 increased (P < 0.05), while DAPT inhibited the related phenomena and indicators of 231B. The 231-rJAG1-CM increased the cell number and tubule number of HUVEC (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JAG1 may affect the malignant phenotype of TNBC and promote angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Culture Media, Conditioned , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Jagged-1 Protein/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Neovascularization, Pathologic/metabolism , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Sincalide/metabolism , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 543-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940886

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the success rate of His-Purkinje system pacing (HPSP) in patients with various sites of atrioventricular block (AVB) and provide clinical evidence for the selection of HPSP in patients with AVB. Methods: This is a retrospective case analysis. 637 patients with AVB who underwent permanent cardiac pacemaker implantation and requiring high proportion of ventricular pacing from March 2016 to September 2021 in the Department of Cardiology, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command were enrolled. The site of AVB was determined by electrophysiological examination. His bundle pacing (HBP) was performed in the first 130 patients (20.4%) who were classified as the HBP group and HPSP included HBP and/or left bundle branch pacing (LBBP) was performed in later 507 patients (79.6%) and these patients were classified as the HPSP group. The basic clinical information such as age and sex of the two groups was compared, and the success rates of HBP or HPSP in patients with different sites of AVB and QRS intervals were analyzed. Results: The age of HBP group was (66.4±15.9) years with 75 males (57.7%). The age of HPSP group was (66.8±13.6) years with 288 (56.8%) males. Among 637 patients, 63.0% (401/637) had atrioventricular node block; 22.9% (146/637) had intra-His block; 14.1% (90/637) had distal or inferior His bundle block. Totally, the success rate of HPSP was higher than that of HBP [93.9% (476/507) vs. 86.9% (113/130), P<0.05]. In each group of patients with various AVB sites, the success rate of HPSP was higher than that of HBP respectively and both success rates of HBP and HPSP showed a declining trend with the distant AVB site. The success rate of HBP in patients with atrioventricular node block and intra-His block was higher than that in patients with distal or inferior His bundle block [95.2% (79/83) vs. 47.1% (8/17), P<0.001; 86.7% (26/30) vs. 47.1% (8/17), P=0.010]. The success rate of HPSP was higher than that of HBP in patients with distal or inferior His bundle block [87.7% (64/73) vs 47.1% (8/17), P=0.001]. In patients with QRS<120 ms, 94.9% (520/548) of AVB sites were in atrioventricular node or intra-His, and HBP had a similar high success rate with HPSP [95.6% (109/114) vs. 96.3% (418/434), P=0.943] in these patients. In patients with QRS ≥ 120 ms, 69.7% (62/89) of AVB sites were at distal or inferior His bundle, and the success rate of HBP was only 25.0% (4/16), while the success rate of HPSP was as high as 79.5% (58/73), P<0.001. Conclusions: In patients with QRS<120 ms and atrioventricular node block or intra-His block, success rates of HBP and HPSP are similarly high and HBP might be considered as the first choice. In patients with QRS ≥ 120 ms and AVB site at distal or inferior His bundle, the success rate of HPSP is higher than that of HBP, suggesting LBBP should be considered as the first-line treatment option.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrioventricular Block/therapy , Bundle of His/physiology , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Electrocardiography , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 255-259, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928556

ABSTRACT

Asthenoteratozoospermia is one of the most severe types of qualitative sperm defects. Most cases are due to mutations in genes encoding the components of sperm flagella, which have an ultrastructure similar to that of motile cilia. Coiled-coil domain containing 103 (CCDC103) is an outer dynein arm assembly factor, and pathogenic variants of CCDC103 cause primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). However, whether CCDC103 pathogenic variants cause severe asthenoteratozoospermia has yet to be determined. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed for two individuals with nonsyndromic asthenoteratozoospermia in a consanguineous family. A homozygous CCDC103 variant segregating recessively with an infertility phenotype was identified (ENST00000035776.2, c.461A>C, p.His154Pro). CCDC103 p.His154Pro was previously reported as a high prevalence mutation causing PCD, though the reproductive phenotype of these PCD individuals is unknown. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of affected individuals' spermatozoa showed that the mid-piece was severely damaged with disorganized dynein arms, similar to the abnormal ultrastructure of respiratory ciliary of PCD individuals with the same mutation. Thus, our findings expand the phenotype spectrum of CCDC103 p.His154Pro as a novel pathogenic gene for nonsyndromic asthenospermia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Asthenozoospermia/pathology , Dyneins/genetics , Homozygote , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Sperm Tail/metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 41-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of striated free wrist transverse flap pedicled with superficial palmar branch of radial artery carrying sensory nerve in repairing pulp defect of middle-and-distal segments of fingers.Methods:From February 2019 to March 2021, the data of 20 patients with defects of middle-and-distal finger segment were collected. The defects were repaired with striated free wrist transverse flaps pedicled with superficial palmar branch of radial artery. The defects sized were 2.0 cm×1.5 cm-4.0 cm×1.5 cm, and the flaps sized were 2.5 cm×2.0 cm-4.5 cm×2.0 cm. The flap carried metacarpal cutaneous branch of median nerve for the reconstruction of the sensation of finger pulps. The donor sites were directly sutured. After operation, the patients were evaluated according to the shape, sensation and functional recovery of the repaired fingers through outpatient visits and reviews via WeChat.Results:All 20 flaps survived and the wounds healed well. All patients entered regular follow-up for 6-12(average, 8) months. The colour of the flaps was close to the finger skin, without bloating flaps. The flaps were soft in good shapes and function. TPD were 6-11 mm, at 8 mm in average. The scars at the donor sites were hidden and the wrist function was not affected. According to the Trial Evaluation Standard of Upper Limb Function of Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association, 16 patients were classified as excellent and 4 as good.Conclusion:The striated transverse wrist flap with radial artery palmar superficial branch and sensory nerve offers many advantages, such as a good texture, hidden donor site, convenient flap harvesting, good recovery of sensation, etc. More clinical studies and the promotion of the technique are expected.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 61-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932564

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of reducing the radiation dose on coronary artery calcium score (CS) of virtual non-contrast (VNC) scanning in dual-layer spectral coronary CT angiography(CCTA).Methods:One hundred and twenty-two patients were examined on a dual-layer spectral detector CT scanner from March 2019 to August 2020. Volume CT dose index (CTDI vol), dose length product (DLP), effective dose ( E) were all evaluated for each patient. CS was calculated from both true non-contrast (TNC) and VNC images for left anterior descending (LAD), left circumflex (LCx), right coronary artery (RCA), and the total coronary artery (Total) by two radiologists independently. Pearson′s correlation coefficient was calculated for measuring the association between variables. The correction coefficients of each branch (λ LAD, λ LCx, and λ RCA) and the average correction coefficient (λ AVG) of the total coronary artery were obtained. The calibrated calcium score (CCS_VNC) was equal to λ multiplied by CS_VNC. The CS_TNC and CCS_VNC were compared using repeated oneway analysis of variance test. Correlation analyses for CS_TNC and CCS_VNC and agreement evaluation with Bland-Altman-Plots were performed. Results:The average effective doses in TNC, CCTA and total group were 0.69, 6.47 and 7.16 mSv, respectively. The effective dose was reduced by 10.6% and the scan time was reduced by 39% while using VNC images. There were significant differences among the CS_TNC and CS_VNC of LAD, LCx, RCA and Total ( t=6.75, 5.33, 4.99, 6.60, P< 0.05). Excellent correlations were observed between CS_VNC and CS_TNC ( R2 values were 0.929, 0.896, 0.958, and 0.918; λ values were 2.18, 1.18, 2.15, and 2.07, respectively). There were no significant statistically difference among the CS_TNC, CCS_VNC AVG, and CCS_VNC LAD/RCA of the LAD and RCA (all P> 0.05). The difference was statistically significant among the CS_TNC, CCS_VNC AVG, and CCS_VNC LCx of the LCx ( F=10.94, P<0.05). The paired comparison were performed in groups and the differences were statistically significant between the CS_TNC versus CCS_VNC AVGand CCS_VNC AVG versus CCS_VNC LCx ( t=3.31, 3.43, all P<0.05). There was no significant statistically difference between the CCS_VNC LCx and CCS_VNC AVG( P>0.05). Conclusions:It was feasible to accurately evaluate the CS_VNC from spectral data in comparison to TNC imaging, and to reduce the patient radiation dose and acquisition time.

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Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 145-150, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of Full-stack Smart Pelvic Floor Ultrasound (FSPFU) software in the acquisition and measurement of the minimal levator hiatus (LH).Methods:Transperineal pelvic floor ultrasonography was performed in 119 women of 6-month postpartum from Nov.2020 to Jan.2021 of Shenzhen Second People′s Hospital. Mid-sagittal plane of pelvic floor was set as the initial plane, and the three-dimensional volume data was acquired. The dataset was stored in the machine. The offline volume data was manually adjusted to obtain the minimal LH images and measured by four physicians (two junior physicians as the D1 group and two senior physicians as the D2 group). For comparison, the results were also obtained using the fully automated method—the FSPFU software by a junior physician (the D3 group). The obtained parameters of minimal LH included area, circumference, anterioposterior diameter, transverse diameter, left and right levator-urethral gap distance. Analysis time was recorded for each group. The contours of minimal LH were outlined by three groups and the overlapping rate was calculated. The quality of the resulted images was evaluated and scored by another two senior physicians(A and B) independently.Results:The D3 group had a significant shorter analysis time compared with the other two groups, and the D1 group took a longer time than the D2 group, regardless of the cystocele severity (D1: 82.97 s, D2: 62.51 s, D3: 2.71 s, all P<0.05). The intergroup agreements and correlations of the minimum LH area were good (all ICC>0.85, rs>0.70, P<0.001) and the outlined contours were largely overlapped (>92%). There was no significant difference in image quality among the three groups(all P>0.05). Conclusions:FSPFU software can automatically obtain and measure the minimum LH in an efficient and accurate way, which can improve the effectiveness of the present pelvic floor examination. FSPFU software can be an useful tool in the diagnosis of pelvic floor dysfunctional diseases.

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Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 425-431, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929587

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the effects of non-occupational mixed exposure to cadmium, lead and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) on thyroid hormones (TH) in healthy adult residents in Shanghai. MethodsIn November 2018, adults in Shanghai Suburban Adult Cohort and Biobank study, who visited a community health service center for examination with no history of occupational exposure, thyroid diseases or chronic diseases, were recruited. A social-demographic information questionnaire survey was conducted and urine and blood samples were collected. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to measure their urinary cadmium (UCd), blood cadmium (BCd) and blood lead (BPb) concentrations. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF MS) was used to measure 11 kinds of PFASs. Total and free triiodothyronine (TT3, FT3), total and free thyroxine (TT4, FT4) and thyroid simulating hormones were measured by chemiluminescence enzyme-linked immunoassay. 436 participants were finally included and LASSO regression, multivariate regression and weighted quantile sum regression were used to evaluate the associations of these environmental pollutants with thyroid hormones. ResultsAmong the participants, 185 were male (42.5%) and the median age was 60 (P25‒P75: 50‒66). The detection rates of urinary cadmium, blood cadmium and blood lead were all more than 95% and the detection rates of 7 PFASs (PFOS, PFOA, PFHxS, PFUnDA, PFNA, PFD, and PFBS) were more than 90%. The median exposure level of PFOA was the highest (49.6 µg‧L-1) among PFASs, followed by PFHxS (22.8 µg‧L-1) and PFOS (15.4 µg‧L-1), and the median exposure levels of urinary cadmium, blood cadmium and blood lead were 0.7 μg‧g-1(Corrected for creatinine of urine), 0.8 µg‧L-1, and 15.4 µg‧L-1, respectively. The results showed that UCd was negatively associated with TSH and BCd was positively associated with TT3, while PFASs mainly affected FT4, TT4, and TT3, with gender differences. In males, 7 PFASs had a significant negative mixture effect on TT3 and TT4, while the direction of effect of PFASs in females differed, with PFOS and PFUnDA having a significant positive correlation with FT4 and TT4 while PFDA having a significant negative correlation with FT4 and TT4. ConclusionIn a healthy population with no occupational exposure, co-exposure to cadmium, lead and PFASs affects different thyroid hormone indicators, and such effect could be gender-related, indicating that the effect of mixed exposure to metal and emerging compounds on thyroid functions warrants further attention.

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