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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881061

ABSTRACT

Rhododendron molle G. Don is first recorded in Shengnong's Herbal Classic, and its fruits, which are termed as Liuzhouzi, are often used to treat rheumatoid arthritis in Chinese folk. During our ongoing investigation to develop a safer and potential new arthritis therapy, a process for the preparation of diterpenoid fraction from Rhododendron mollefruits was established. In order to evaluate the main components and the anti-rheumatoid arthritis effect of the diterpenoid fraction, phytochemical and pharmacological experiments were used. As the result, the main components of diterpenoid fraction were identified as rhodojaponin III (1), rhodojaponin VI (2), 2-O-methylrhodojaponin (3), and 5'-β-D-glucopyranosy-loxyjasmonic acid (4). These four components constitute greater than 95% of diterpenoid fraction using area normalization method of HPLC-ELSD. The results of CIA rat experiment showed that high dose of diterpenoid fraction (0.6 mg·kg

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of " acupoint combination" on appetite, body fat, insulin sensitivity and central sensitivity of cholecystokinin (CCK) in obese rats with insulin resistance (IR), and to explore the mechanism of EA on improving obesity with insulin resistance.@*METHODS@#Among the fifty 8-week-old healthy SPF male Wistar rats, 10 rats were randomly selected and fed with normal diet; after 8 weeks, 8 rats were randomly selected as a normal group. The remaining 40 rats were fed with high-fat diet to establish the model of obsesity IR; after 8 weeks, 24 rats with successful model of obsesity IR were randomly divided into a model group, an EA group and a sham EA group, 8 rats in each group. Eight weeks after model establishment, the rats in the EA group were intervened with EA at "Fenglong" (ST 40), "Zhongwan" (CV 12), "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Zusanli" (ST 36), with continuous wave, in frequency of 2 Hz, and current intensity of 1 mA, for 10 min each time. The rats in the sham EA group were intervened with EA at the points 5 mm next to the acupoints used in the EA group and no electricity was given; the sham EA was given for 10 min each time. Both the treatments were given once every other day for 8 weeks. The Lee's index and food intake were observed before the intervention as well as 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 6 weeks and 8 weeks into intervention; after the intervention, serum insulin (INS) and glucose infusion rate (GIR) were detected; serum cholecystokinin (CCK) level was detected by ELISA; c-fos expression in the area postrema (AP) and nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) of medulla oblongata was detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Before the intervention as well as 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 6 weeks and 8 weeks into intervention, the Lee's index and food intake in the model group were higher than those in normal group (<0.01). The Lee's index (6 weeks and 8 weeks into intervention) and food intake (4 weeks, 6 weeks and 8 weeks into intervention) in the EA group were lower than those in the model group and the sham EA group (<0.05, <0.01). After intervention, compared with the normal group, serum level of INS was increased (<0.01), while GIR, serum CCK level, c-fos expression in AP and NTS in the model group were decreased (<0.01, <0.05). Compared with the model group and the sham EA group, serum level of INS in the EA group was decreased (<0.01), and GIR, serum CCK level, c-fos expression in AP and NTS were increased (<0.01, <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA of " acupoint combination" could effectively reduce appetite, body fat and enhance insulin sensitivity in obese rats with IR. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of central sensitivity of CCK.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 83-86, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799019

ABSTRACT

The early diagnosis and effective treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still remains a difficult problem that plagues the medical community. Exosomes are microvesicles with a diameter of 40~100 nm, and contains proteins, lipids and nucleic acids (mRNAs, lncRNAs, circRNAs, and microRNAs). They serve as an information exchange carrier, and play an important role in regulating and controlling the biomolecular function to maintain the stability of the intracellular environment. The function of exosomes in HCC includes intercellular communication, neoangiogenesis, cancer cell metastasis and multidrug resistance, which mediates the transformation of microRNAs (miRNA) and regulate the microenvironment of tumor progression, and then affect the pathophysiological behavior of cancer cells. Exosome-derived miRNA can be used for HCC monitoring or potential specific markers of early diagnosis. In addition, with the development and application prospects it could be a therapeutic goal for HCC. This paper summarizes the recent progress in the study of HCC-derived exosomal miRNA.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825228

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic variation of Eurytrema pancreaticum isolated from goats in Huaihua City, Hunan Province. Methods The partial sequence of mitochondrial cytochrome I (pcox1) and ribosomal 18S rRNA genes were amplified using a PCR assay in E. pancreaticum isolates from goats in Huaihua City, Hunan Province, and the PCR amplification products were sequenced. Then, the gene sequences were subjected to genetic variation and phylogenetic analyses. Results The sequences of the pcox1 and 18S rRNA genes were 430 bp and 1 857 bp in length in 18 E. pancreaticum isolates from goats in Huaihua City, Hunan Province, and there were 14 and 35 variation sites in pcox1 and 18S rRNA gene sequences, with intra-species genetic variations of 0 to 1.4% and 0 to 0.8%, respectively. The sequences of pcox1 and 18S rRNA genes had 99.0% to 99.8% and 99.5% to 99.8% homologies with those from E. pancreaticum Chinese strain recorded in the GenBank database. Consistent phylogenetic analysis results were found based on pcox1 and 18S rRNA genes. The 18 E. pancreaticum isolates from goats in Huaihua City were clustered into a clade with the known E. pancreaticum isolates registered in GenBank, and the clade with these 18 E. pancreaticum isolates was close to the clades with Eurytrema species and far from the clades with other trematodes. Conclusions The E. pancreaticum isolates from goats have a low genetic variation in Huaihua City, Hunan Province. Mitochondrial pcox1 and ribosomal 18S rRNA genes may serve as molecular markers for the studies on the genetic variation in goat-derived E. pancreaticum.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1320-1324, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822950

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the protective effect of adiponectin on hypoxia-damaged rhesus monkey choroid /retinal vascular endothelial cells(RF/6A)and related mechanisms. <p>METHODS:<i>In vitro</i> cultured RF/6A cells were randomly divided into the control group, hypoxic injury(induced by CoCl2 stimulation)group and hypoxic injury + adiponectin(5μmol/L, 50μmol/L and 100μmol/L)group. Cell viability was assessed using the MTT assay and optimal concentration of adiponectin was selected. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in RF/6A cells. Reactive oxygen species(ROS)detection kit was used to detect the content of ROS in RF/6A cells. <p>RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the cell viability of RF/6A cells in the hypoxic injury group and each adiponectin pretreatment group decreased(all <i>P</i><0.01). Compared with the hypoxic injury group, the cell viability of RF/6A cells in each adiponectin pretreatment group was significantly increased(all <i>P</i><0.05), and adiponectin of 50μmol/L was the appropriate protective concentration. Compared with the control group, the viability of RF/6A cells decreased, the protein expression level of Bax increased, the protein expression level of Bcl-2 decreased, and the content of ROS increased in the hypoxic injury group(all <i>P</i><0.01). Compared with the hypoxic injury group, the viability RF/6A cells increased, the expression level of Bax decreased, the expression level of Bcl-2 increased, and the content of ROS decreased in the adiponectin pretreatment group(all <i>P</i><0.01).<p>CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that adiponectin can significantly alleviate retinal vascular endothelial cell damage and apoptosis caused by hypoxia, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of oxidative stress by adiponectin.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 587-591, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821832

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveNano-graphene oxide quantum dots (GOQDs) can be used to target fluorescent markers. The stem cell labeling is an important method in studying stem cell treatments. Our study aims to explore the possibility of using GOQDs as living cell fluorescent marker materials for human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs), and to evaluate the biosecurity and effect as live cell fluorescence markers of GOQDs.Methods GOQDs were testified by TEM, DLS, UV-vis, and PL spectra. hPDLSCs were obtained by tissue cultivation and separated by single cell-derived colony selection. Then the source of the cells was carried out by immunocytochemical staining of anti-vimentin, anti-cytokeratin, and multipotent differentiation was used in the identification of stem cells. hPDLSCs were incubated with different concentrations of GOODs (0, 10, 25, and 50 μg/mL) for 24h and 72 h. Cytotoxicity and proliferation effects were determined using CCK-8, and cell cycles were detected using flow cytometry after the co-culture of GOQDs and hPDLSCs. The fluorescent labeling effect of GOQDs was tested using laser scanning confocal microscopy.ResultsThe characterization of GOQDs showed that the nanoparticles were evenly dispersed in water and showing blue light at 365 nm. TEM and DLS showed GOQDs had good dispersion, and the particle size was (6.36±1.41) nm. Immunocytochemical staining of anti-vimentin was positive while anti-cytokeratin was negative. The results of cytotoxicity showed there were no significant differences in cell activity after incubated with different concentrations of GOODs (0, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 μg/mL) (P>0.05), and there was no significant decrease in cell activity between 24h and 72h (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the proportional distribution of G1, G2, and S phases between the two concentrations of GOQDs (0 μg/mL and 50 μg/mL) (P>0.05). Fluorescent images showed that GOQDs could enter the cell membrane and increase the fluorescence intensity at the concertation of 50 μg/mL.ConclusionGOQDs were confirmed to have good biocompatibility and could be used for live cell labeling of hPDLSCs.

7.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 587-591, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821813

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveNano-graphene oxide quantum dots (GOQDs) can be used to target fluorescent markers. The stem cell labeling is an important method in studying stem cell treatments. Our study aims to explore the possibility of using GOQDs as living cell fluorescent marker materials for human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs), and to evaluate the biosecurity and effect as live cell fluorescence markers of GOQDs.Methods GOQDs were testified by TEM, DLS, UV-vis, and PL spectra. hPDLSCs were obtained by tissue cultivation and separated by single cell-derived colony selection. Then the source of the cells was carried out by immunocytochemical staining of anti-vimentin, anti-cytokeratin, and multipotent differentiation was used in the identification of stem cells. hPDLSCs were incubated with different concentrations of GOODs (0, 10, 25, and 50 μg/mL) for 24h and 72 h. Cytotoxicity and proliferation effects were determined using CCK-8, and cell cycles were detected using flow cytometry after the co-culture of GOQDs and hPDLSCs. The fluorescent labeling effect of GOQDs was tested using laser scanning confocal microscopy.ResultsThe characterization of GOQDs showed that the nanoparticles were evenly dispersed in water and showing blue light at 365 nm. TEM and DLS showed GOQDs had good dispersion, and the particle size was (6.36±1.41) nm. Immunocytochemical staining of anti-vimentin was positive while anti-cytokeratin was negative. The results of cytotoxicity showed there were no significant differences in cell activity after incubated with different concentrations of GOODs (0, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 μg/mL) (P>0.05), and there was no significant decrease in cell activity between 24h and 72h (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the proportional distribution of G1, G2, and S phases between the two concentrations of GOQDs (0 μg/mL and 50 μg/mL) (P>0.05). Fluorescent images showed that GOQDs could enter the cell membrane and increase the fluorescence intensity at the concertation of 50 μg/mL.ConclusionGOQDs were confirmed to have good biocompatibility and could be used for live cell labeling of hPDLSCs.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818889

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the molluscicidal activity of a novel molluscicide pyriclobenzuron against Oncomelania hupensis robertsoni in the mountain regions of Yunan Province, and test its toxicity to fish, so as to provide scientific evidence for the extensive application of this molluscicide in schistosomiasis-endemic foci of Yunan Province. Methods In the laboratory and snail-breeding field of Dali Prefecture, Yunnan Province, the molluscicidal activity of 5% wettable powder of pyriclobenzuron sulphate (25% PBU) against O. hupensis robertsoni was assessed by using the immersion and spraying method, and the acute toxicity of 25% PBU to carp fries was tested, while 25% wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (50% WPNES) served as a control. Results The 1-, 2- and 3-day 25% PBU LC50 and LC90 values were 0.47, 0.25 and 0.23 mg/L, and 1.54, 0.61 and 0.49 mg / L for O. h. robertsoni by using the immersion method in laboratory, and immersion with 25% PBU at 1.0 mg / L for 1 day achieved a comparable molluscicidal efficacy in relative to 50% WPNES at 1.0 mg/L. Spraying with 25% PBU at 4.0 g/m2 achieved 1-, 3- and 7-day snail mortalities of 64.23%, 96.67% and 100.00% in laboratory, respectively, which were not significantly different from those caused by treatment with 50% WPNES at 1.0 g/m2 (all P values > 0.05). One-day field immersion with 25% PBU at doses of 1, 2 and 4 g/m3 resulted in snail mortalities of 90.00%, 93.33% and 100.00%, respectively, which were not significantly different from those caused by treatment with 50% WPNES at 1.0 g/m3 (all P values > 0.05), and 3-day field spraying with 25% PBU at doses of 2.0 and 4.0 g/m2 caused snail mortalities of 86.36% and 87.72%, respectively, which were not significantly different from those caused by 50% WPNES treatment (both P values > 0.05). The 24-, 48- and 72-hour LC50 values of 25% PBU to carp fries were 29.38, 24.62 and 23.38 mg/L, respectively, and no fish death was observed within 72 hours of exposure to 25% PBU at a concentration of 17.5 mg/L and lower. Conclusion 25% PBU is a novel, highly potent and environment-friendly molluscicide that is feasible in fish ponds, and the recommended dose is 1 g/m3 for field immersion and 2 g/m2 for field spraying in schistosomiasis-endemic areas of Yunnan Province.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818767

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the molluscicidal activity of a novel molluscicide pyriclobenzuron against Oncomelania hupensis robertsoni in the mountain regions of Yunan Province, and test its toxicity to fish, so as to provide scientific evidence for the extensive application of this molluscicide in schistosomiasis-endemic foci of Yunan Province. Methods In the laboratory and snail-breeding field of Dali Prefecture, Yunnan Province, the molluscicidal activity of 5% wettable powder of pyriclobenzuron sulphate (25% PBU) against O. hupensis robertsoni was assessed by using the immersion and spraying method, and the acute toxicity of 25% PBU to carp fries was tested, while 25% wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (50% WPNES) served as a control. Results The 1-, 2- and 3-day 25% PBU LC50 and LC90 values were 0.47, 0.25 and 0.23 mg/L, and 1.54, 0.61 and 0.49 mg / L for O. h. robertsoni by using the immersion method in laboratory, and immersion with 25% PBU at 1.0 mg / L for 1 day achieved a comparable molluscicidal efficacy in relative to 50% WPNES at 1.0 mg/L. Spraying with 25% PBU at 4.0 g/m2 achieved 1-, 3- and 7-day snail mortalities of 64.23%, 96.67% and 100.00% in laboratory, respectively, which were not significantly different from those caused by treatment with 50% WPNES at 1.0 g/m2 (all P values > 0.05). One-day field immersion with 25% PBU at doses of 1, 2 and 4 g/m3 resulted in snail mortalities of 90.00%, 93.33% and 100.00%, respectively, which were not significantly different from those caused by treatment with 50% WPNES at 1.0 g/m3 (all P values > 0.05), and 3-day field spraying with 25% PBU at doses of 2.0 and 4.0 g/m2 caused snail mortalities of 86.36% and 87.72%, respectively, which were not significantly different from those caused by 50% WPNES treatment (both P values > 0.05). The 24-, 48- and 72-hour LC50 values of 25% PBU to carp fries were 29.38, 24.62 and 23.38 mg/L, respectively, and no fish death was observed within 72 hours of exposure to 25% PBU at a concentration of 17.5 mg/L and lower. Conclusion 25% PBU is a novel, highly potent and environment-friendly molluscicide that is feasible in fish ponds, and the recommended dose is 1 g/m3 for field immersion and 2 g/m2 for field spraying in schistosomiasis-endemic areas of Yunnan Province.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 167-170, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818205

ABSTRACT

Objective Mini-invasive Carisolv is an aid to treat dental caries for patients with dental phobia. The article was to investigate the level of pain in caries removal using mini-invasive Carisolv III gel and mechanical methods with four psychological indicators. Methods We collected 120 primary molar tooth caries of 60 children treated in our hospital. Two primary molar tooth caries of each child were respectively treated with Carisolv III gel (Group A) and mechanical method (Group B) for caries removal. Psychological indicators including the visual analog scale (VAS), the Frank1 behavior rating scale (Frank1), the Kuttner law (Kuttner), and the Houpt behavior rating scale (Houpt) were used to assess the level of pain, degree of cooperation, pain tolerance and comfort. The clinical efficiency after six months and treatment time were compared between the two groups. Results There was no statistically significant difference before treatment between the two groups using the four psychological indicators (P>0.05) , while significant differences were found during and after the treatment between the two groups (P0.05). In the mechanical group, there were statistically significant differences before and during treatment or before and after treatment using the four psychological indicators (P<0.05). The treatment time in Carisolv III gel group was longer than in mechanical group (P=0.001). There was no statistical difference between the two groups in filling examination after six months (P=0.082). Conclusion Carisolv III gel for caries removal can effectively avoid pain, improve comfort and decrease fear in children, which can be promoted in clinical application.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and critically assess the inhibitory effects of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) on tumor volume and tumor weight for the treatment of osteosarcoma (OS) in mouse models.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI), Wanfang Database, VIP Database, and Chinese BioMedical (CBM) were searched since their inception dates to March 10, 2016. Two reviewers independently selected the controlled studies estimating effects of CHM on mouse OS by administration in vivo. A pair-wise meta-analysis was performed. Twenty-five studies with adequate randomization were included in the systematic review.@*RESULTS@#CHM may significantly inhibit OS growth in mice, as assessed using the tumor weight [20 studies, n=443; 290 for CHM and 153 for the control: pooled mean difference (MD)=-2.90; 95% confidence interval (Cl): -3.50 to -2.31: P<0.01], tumor volume (16 studies, n=382; 257 for CHM and 125 for the control; pooled MD =-2.57; 95% Cl: -3.33 to -1.80; P<0.01) and tumor growth inhibition rate.@*CONCLUSION@#CHM could significantly inhibit the growth of OS in mouse models, which might be supportive for the design of preclinical and clinical trials in future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Mice , Osteosarcoma , Drug Therapy , Publication Bias , Risk Factors , Tumor Burden , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1181-1184, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776191

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of acupuncture and the potential effect mechanism in patients with premature ovarian failure.@*METHODS@#A total of 104 patients with premature ovarian failure were randomized into an acupuncture group and a western medication group, 52 cases in each one. In the western medication group, the conjugated estrogens tablets were prescribed for oral administration, 0.625 mg each time, once a day, consecutively for 21 days. On the 16th day of medication with conjugated estrogens tablets, the oral administration of medroxyprogesterone acetate tablets were supplemented, 10 mg each time, once a day, consecutively for 5 days, and then, these two kinds of western medication were discontinued for 1 week. A total of 3 cycles were required in treatment with 28 days as an artificial cycle. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied. Two groups of acupoints were selected. The first group of acupoints were stimulated before ovulation and the acupoints were Guanyuan (CV 4), Guilai (ST 29), Taichong (LR 3), Taixi (KI 3), Xuehai (SP 10), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Zusanli (ST 36), Shuidao (ST 28), Dahe (KI 12) and Tianshu (ST 25). The second group of acupoints were stimulated after ovulation and the acupoints included Ciliao (BL 32), Shiqizhui (EX-B 8), Ganshu (BL 18), Shenshu (BL 23), Geshu (BL 17) and Pishu (BL 20). The therapeutic effect was observed and compared in the patients between the two groups, as well as the expressions of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and the levels of serum luteinizing hormone (LH), follicule stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol (E) before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 90.4% (47/52) in the acupuncture group, higher than 67.3% (35/62) in the western medication group (<0.05). After treatment, the expressions of IFN-γ and TNF-α in the acupuncture group were obviously lower than the western medication group (<0.05). Except for serum LH after treatment, at the end of treatment and in 30 days and 90 days after treatment, the levels of serum E in the acupuncture group were higher obviously than the western medication group and the levels of serum LH and FSH were lower obviously than the western medication group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture promotes the regular menstruation, effectively regulates the levels of serum LH, FSH and E and improves the pituitary gland and the ovary endocrine in the patients with premature ovarian failure. Such effect may be related to the the improvements in the expressions of IFN-γ and TNF-α, the inhibition of the apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells, the recovery of ovarian function and the enhancement of reserve capacity.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Female , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency , Blood , Therapeutics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850828

ABSTRACT

To study the quality marker (Q-marker) of Atractylodes macrocephala based on the concept, standard, and research model of Q-marker. The chemical constituents of A. macrocephala were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. The source and specificity of chemical constituents were confirmed by analyzing biosynthetic pathway and component specificity. The major effective components were clarified through efficacy, drug property, and correlation analysis of chemical constituents. The possible Q-markers of A. macrocephala are estimated based on the results of the study.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843469

ABSTRACT

Major depression disorder (MDD) is a common but serious affective disorder in modern society. Suicide idea and suicide behaviour induced by MDD during its later stage put a heavy burden on society and family. Anti-depression drugs lack efficiency in treating a portion of MDD patients. This is referred to as treatment resistant depression (TRD). A study reported the rapid onset and long lasting anti-depression effect of ketamine, which also come into effect in TRD patients. △9-Tetrahydrocannabinol is the active substance of marijuana, which also exerts rapid anti-depression effect via targeting at brain cannabinoid receptors. The two central nerve system stimulants belonging to the tightly controlled psychoactive substances have obvious adverse effects. This article summarizes the action of ketamine and endocannabinoid system in rapid anti-depression therapy in recent researches.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 994-1000, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800435

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To quantitatively detect CD44 expression in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) for comparative analysis.@*Methods@#Patients with chronic liver diseases accompanied with or without NAFLD, including chronic hepatitis B, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma after chronic hepatitis B, and healthy blood donors as normal controls who admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from May to October 2018 were selected. The proportion of CD44 positive cells was analyzed by flow cytometry. CD44 level was quantified by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the biochemical indicators such as serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase activity, total cholesterol and triglyceride were routinely analyzed. The cancerous and adjacent cancerous tissues of patients accompanied with or without NAFLD were collected by self-matching method and analyzed by immunoblotting and histochemistry and compared by CD44 integrated optical density. Image-Pro Plus version 6.0, Image J, GraphPad Prism 5.0, Photoshop, Microsoft Excel and IBM SPSS statistics 23 were used to analyze and draw pictures. An independent sample t-test was used to compare the differences between groups.@*Results@#Patients accompanied with NAFLD had hepatocyte injury and dyslipidemia. NAFLD and chronic liver disease patients had significantly elevated serum CD44 levels than normal control group (P < 0.01). CD44 positive lymphocyte ratio was 78.19 % ± 16.33 % in NAFLD patients and 68.47% ± 20.91% in chronic hepatitis B group, which was higher than the control group (46.51% ± 20.52%). Chronic hepatitis B group with steatosis had significantly higher CD44 concentration (181.42 ± 49.36) ng/ml than chronic hepatitis B group (142.52 ± 53.87) ng/ml and normal control group (99.47 ± 15.23) ng/ml. CD44/GAPDH ratio in the liver cancer group (1.306 ± 0.614) was significantly higher than paracancerous group (0.477 ± 0.291) and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (t = 3.451, P = 0.004). The integrated optical density of CD44 in the NAFLD-related liver cancer and paracancerous group were 25.721 ± 5.881 and 14.155 ± 4.001 and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (t = 14.544, P < 0.001). The pathological features of high expression of CD44 in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were significantly correlated with HBV infection, tumor size, single/multi-center, and lymph node metastasis, degree of differentiation, TNM grade, Child-Pugh score, portal vein tumor thrombus and extrahepatic metastasis. HCC patients with NAFLD had significantly higher serum CD44 (234.62 ± 69.40) ng/ml than patients without NAFLD (186.49 ± 58.89) ng/ml (t = -3.191, P = 0.002), but there was no statistically significant difference in the clinicopathological characteristics between the high/low CD44 groups of HCC patients with NAFLD.@*Conclusion@#The results suggest that CD44 is abnormally activated and its mechanism may play an important role in the progression of NAFLD.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 793-798, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796916

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1B gene (TNFRSF1B) polymorphism in relation to the outcomes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.@*Methods@#One thousand six hundred and forty-five cases without HCV infection, 545 cases with HCV clearance, and 783 cases with chronic HCV infection were enrolled. TaqMan probe method was used to investigate genotype rs1061622 (T > G) and rs1061624 (G > A). Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) sites were genotyped and haplotypes were constructed to evaluate their relation with the outcome of HCV infection.@*Results@#Logistic regression analysis showed that there was no relation to the two SNPs with HCV infection susceptibility and chronicity (P > 0.05). Haplotype analysis showed that carrier TA had an increased susceptibility to HCV infection [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.15, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01 to 1.30, P = 0.038)]. Carrier TA and GG haplotypes were conducive to chronic HCV infection (adjusted OR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.08 to 1.53, P = 0.006; OR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.66, P = 0.026).@*Conclusion@#The combinational effects of rs1061622 and rs1061624 in TNFRSF1B gene may increase the risk of HCV chronicity and infection.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753392

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the teaching effect of career planning course in medical students through questionnaire survey and interview.Methods A total of 54 medical students of the classes of 2017 and 2018 were selected as research subjects,and the career planning course was implemented.Questionnaire survey and interview were performed before and after teaching to measure career maturity index and evaluate the teaching effect of this course.SPSS 15.0 was used for data processing,The t-test was used for comparison before and after teaching.Results All medical students had significant increases in the scores of self-recognition,occupational understanding,information application,personal adjustment,and professional attitude after teaching.As for information application,the score of career maturity was (3.71 ± 0.99) before teaching and (4.01 ± 0.93) after teaching,and there was a significant change after teaching (P=0.015),while there were no significant changes in the other dimensions after teaching.Male students had significandy higher scores of self-recognition,occupational understanding,personal adjustment,and professional attitude than female students,while female students had a significantly higher score of information application than male students.There was a significant difference in professional attitude between male and female students (P<0.05).Conclusion The career planning course for medical students can provide help and inspiration for career development,but some of the teaching contents needs to be optimized and improved.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742889

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical significance of thromboelastography (TEG) in detecting coagulation status in elderly hypertensive patients.Methods A total of 75elderly patients with hypertension, were selected as the elderly hypertensive group.Meanwhile, 60cases of senile cerebral infarction patients and 47cases of normal elderly were selected as the senile cerebral infarction group and the normal elderly group respectively.The values of R, MA, α-Angle, K, CI were measured by TEG-5000thrombus elastometer and then compared in the three groups.Meanwhile, the values of platelet inhibition induced by AA and ADP were also detected in the elderly hypertensive group.The PLT and WBC of the elderly hypertensive group were detected by automatic five class blood cell analyzer.The correlation between TEG parameters and PLT and WBC in elderly hypertensive group were analyzed.Results Compared with the normal elderly group, the MA and CI of the elderly hypertensive group were significantly increased (P<0.05), theα-Angle and K were significantly decreased (P<0.05), the R value was not significantly different (P>0.05), while in the senile cerebral infarction group, the R was significantly shortened (P<0.05), the CI was significantly increased (P<0.05) and the K value was significantly decreased (P<0.05).Compared with the elderly hypertensive group, the R value of the aged cerebral infarction group was shortened (P<0.05).In the elderly hypertensive group, PLT were negatively correlated with MA, α-Angle and CI, negatively correlated with K value, and not related to R value.WBC was positively correlated with MA, α-Angle and CI, negatively correlated with K value, and low correlation with R value.The proportion of patients ADP inhibition rate≥30%was 41.94% (13/31), while the proportion of patients AA inhibition rate≥50%was 20.00% (8/40).Conclusion The detection of TEG is of great significance in helping the clinical diagnosis, treatment guidance and disease monitoring of elderly hypertension, and can prevent the occurrence of complications of hypertension in the elderly hypertensive patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743738

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the role of B cell specific moloney leukemia virus insert site 1 (Bmil) in hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF). Methods The HE staining was used to analyze the HGF and normal groups. The protein and mRNA of the Bmil, PCNA and caspase-3 in 2 groups were detected by immunohistochemistry and PCR, respectively. Results In HGF group, the gingival epithelial was incrassation, epithelial spikes was elongation, connective tissue was rich in fibroblast and collagen fibers, aless blood vessels and mild inflammatory hyperplasia. Bmil expression was higher (P < 0.05) and caspase-3 expression was lower (P < 0.05) in HGF group than in normal group. There was no difference of PCNA expression in the 2 groups (P> 0.05).Conclusion The Bmil might have a role in the pathogenesis of HGF by decreasing caspase-3 and caspase-3 mRNA.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743441

ABSTRACT

Major depression disorder (MDD) is a common but serious affective disorder in modern society. Suicide idea and suicide behaviour induced by MDD during its later stage put a heavy burden on society and family. Anti-depression drugs lack efficiency in treating a portion of MDD patients. This is referred to as treatment resistant depression (TRD). A study reported the rapid onset and long lasting anti-depression effect of ketamine, which also come into effect in TRD patients. Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol is the active substance of marijuana, which also exerts rapid anti-depression effect via targeting at brain cannabinoid receptors. The two central nerve system stimulants belonging to the tightly controlled psychoactive substances have obvious adverse effects. This article summarizes the action of ketamine and endocannabinoid system in rapid anti-depression therapy in recent researches.

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