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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877099

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the screening results and risk assessment of common malignant tumors among female residents in Deyang from 2017 to 2019, so as to provide basis for cancer prevention and control. Methods Women who underwent physical examinations and completed the survey of common malignant tumors related risk factors from 2017 to 2019 were selected. The high risk rate, screening rate and detection rate of common malignant tumor among female urban residents in Deyang were analyzed. Results From 2017 to 2019, a total of 49,871 female urban residents completed the survey of common malignant tumor related risk factors. The risk rates of breast cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer and colorectal cancer were 13.24%, 7.65%, 12.92% and 5.53%, respectively. Among all the age groups, women at the age of 50~59 years old were at the highest risk of breast cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer; The screening rates of breast cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer and colorectal cancer were 24.68%, 11.72%, 34.62% and 14.15%, respectively; The screening rates of breast cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer and colorectal cancer among women with different educational levels showed significant difference (P<0.05). The screen rates of breast cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer and colorectal cancer among high risk groups were 24.68%, 11.75%, 26.56% and 14.35%, respectively; The detection rates of breast cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer and colorectal cancer among the screening groups were 9.33%, 2.68%, 9.82%, and 2.02%, respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion Female residents in Deyang from 2017 to 2019 have high risk and detection rates of breast cancer and cervical cancer, so active screening of malignant tumors among urban female residents can effectively improve the residents' quality of life, and is of vital importance for the early diagnosis and treatment of malignant tumors.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847167

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: How to recruit endogenous seed cells to promote osteogenesis, provide appropriate bone regeneration microenvironment for cells and ensure the vascularization process of new bone are the difficulties of bone tissue engineering research. OBJECTIVE: To review the osteogenesis and vasculogenesis from the aspects of hierarchical microchanneled bone scaffold. METHODS: The first author searched relevant literature on the promoting effect of hierarchical microchanneled bone scaffold on osteogenesis and angiogenesis from China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, PubMed and Web of Science databases from 1950 to 2020. The key words were “hierarchical microchanneled scaffolds, osteogenesis, and angiogenesis” in Chinese and English. Finally, a total of 52 articles meeting the inclusion criteria were selected. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Hierarchical microchanneled bone scaffold has a good role in promoting osteogenesis and vascularization, and has a good application prospect in bone tissue engineering. At present, hierarchical microchanneled bone scaffold is mature in the theory of bone tissue engineering. In vitro experiments have confirmed that the hierarchical microchanneled bone scaffold can promote the adhesion and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into osteoblasts, but the osteogenic effect in vivo is still poor, and it is still possible to further improve the osteogenic effect. In the future, we should focus on the construction of hierarchical microchanneled bone scaffold complexes, such as chemokines or cytokines, which can further improve the osteogenic efficiency in vivo.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3345-3352, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906834

ABSTRACT

Huang-Qin is a traditional Chinese medicine with antiviral, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities. Its major bioactive compounds are diverse flavone O-glucuronides and glucosides. Although three flavonoid O-glycosyltransferases have been identified from S. baicalensis, this information is not sufficient to elucidate the structural diversity of flavonoid glycosides. In this study, nine glycosyltransferase candidate genes were discovered from S. baicalensis by BLAST analysis and their functions were characterized after heterologous expression. Three new flavone O-glycosyltransferases were able to catalyze the formation of major compounds in S. baicalensis, including baicalin and wogonoside. These enzymes could also utilize exogenous flavones as sugar acceptors. This work further elucidates biosynthetic pathways for Scutellaria flavonoid O-glycosides.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In order to observe the clinical effects of sliding osteotomy for patients with severe knee osteoarthritis and varus knee due to complex femoral extra-articular deformity to achieve the medial and lateral soft tissue balancing during total knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to January 2018, a total of 22 patients with severe knee osteoarthritis and complex extra-articular malformation of femurs were treated with total knee arthroplasty. There were 5 males and 17 females in this group, aged 48 to 76 years old, with an average age of (61.3±13.8) years old. All the patients had varus deformities caused by extra-articular deformities of femur. Hip-knee-ankle(HKA) angle was(158.8±9.7) ° before operation, and the average Knee Society Score (KSS) clinical score was 32.6±6.1;KSS function score was 35.8 ±9.6;the average Hospital for Special Surgical (HSS) score was 39.7±4.6;the average range of motion before operation was (80.6±10.7) °. The mechanical alignment method was used in joint replacement. The flexion space was balanced first. The coronal plane vertical sliding osteotomy was performed on the medial femoral condyle for the imbalance of coronal plane. The sliding distance of the osteotomy block was determined by straightening the gap between the inner and outer sides of the space until the space was balanced. After the separated segments were fixed with several screws, the prosthesis was installed as usual.@*RESULTS@#The wounds of all patients healed in the first stage, and no wound complications occurred. All the 22 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 18 months to 3 years with an average of (28.2±10.1) months. X-ray showed that the fracture line disappeared for 2 to 5(3.5±1.5) months without nonunion. HKA angle measured at the latest follow up was (178.8±0.7) °, which wassignificantly different from that before operation. The HSS score was 91.3 ±6.0;KSS clinical score 93.7±3.5;KSS functional score 81.2±6.5;and the average range of motion of knee joint was(121.7±11.6) °, which was statistically significant compared with that before operation.@*CONCLUSION@#For severe knee osteoarthritis patients with complex femoral extra-articular deformity, sliding osteotomy is performed. For severe varus deformity, downward sliding the medial femoral condyle is performed. The operation is relatively simple and the damage is small. It is easy to achieve the balance of internal and external soft tissue in flexion extension space. The short-term clinical effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteotomy , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1094-1101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941406

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous closure of ventricular septal rupture (VSR) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation. Methods: This is a retrospective case series study. A total of 69 patients with post-AMI VSR, underwent percutaneous closure of VSR from October 2013 to May 2020 in Department of Cardiology of Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Department of Cardiology of Central China Fuwai Hospital, were included. Patients were divided into survival group (53 cases) and non-survival group (16 cases) according to the status at 30 days after operation. Clinical data were collected and analyzed during hospitalization. Telephone follow-up was performed 30 days after operation. The primary safety endpoint was occlusion failure and all-cause mortality at 30 days post operation. The secondary safety endpoint was the operation related or non-operation related complications. Efficacy endpoint included NYHA classification of cardiac function, index measured by right heart catheterization and echocardiography. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to analyze the risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation. Results: A total of 69 patients, aged 67 (64, 71) years, including 42 women (60.9%), were enrolled in this study. All-cause death occurred in 16 patients (23.2%), including 13 in-hospital death and 3 death during follow-up. There were 4 cases of closure failure (5.8%). Among the 65 patients with successful closure, 12 (18.5%) experienced operation-related complications, among which 8 (12.3%) experienced valve injury. The mortality was significantly higher in patients with operation-related complications than that in patients without operation-related complications (41.7% (5/12) vs. 13.2% (7/53), P = 0.022). One case received percutaneous closure of VSR and PCI, this patient experienced new-onset AMI immediately post procedure and died thereafter (1.5%). One case (1.5%) developed multiple organ failure and 2 cases (3.1%) developed gastrointestinal bleeding post operation. All of the 65 patients with successful occlusion completed postoperative echocardiography, 56 patients completed cardiac function assessment at discharge, and 53 patients who survived up to 30 days post discharge completed clinical follow up by telephone. The NYHA cardiac function at discharge and 30 days after operation were significantly improved as compared to that before operation (P<0.001), the ratio of NYHA Ⅰ and Ⅱ patients was significantly higher post operation at these two time points as compared to baseline level (76.8% (43/56) vs. 23.1% (15/65), P<0.001, 77.4% (41/53) vs. 23.1% (15/65), P<0.001). The pulmonary circulation/systemic circulation blood flow ratio (Qp/Qs), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDd) were decreased, aortic systolic pressure (ASP) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were increased post operation (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that WBC>9.8×109/L (OR=20.94, 95%CI 1.21-362.93, P=0.037) and NT-ProBNP>6 000 ng/L (OR=869.11, 95%CI 2.93-258 058.34, P=0.020) were the independent risk factors of mortality at 30 days. Conclusions: Percutaneous closure in VSR after AMI is safe and effective. The increase of WBC and NT-ProBNP are the independent risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation.


Subject(s)
Aftercare , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Patient Discharge , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Septal Rupture/surgery
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 894-899, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941373

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the efficacy of combined treatment strategy of mechanical circulation support devices and immunomodulation therapy for patients with fulminant myocarditis. Method: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and outcomes of 37 fulminant myocarditis patients complicating cardiogenic shock, who were hospitalized from October 2017 to December 2019 in our department. Patients received guideline therapy according to "Chinese expert consensus statement on clinical diagnosis and treatment of fulminant myocarditis in adults"issued by Chinese Society of Cardiology of Chinese Medical Association. Patients were divided into IABP group (n=19), ECMO group (n=5) and IABP+ECMO group (n=13) according to different mechanical circulation support regimen. The treatment effectiveness among various groups were compared. The major endpoint was in-hospital mortality. The duration and outcome of mechanical circulation support were also analyzed. Furthermore, relationships between baseline data, proportion of different treatments (including medicine treatment, temporary pacemaker and continuous renal replacement treatment, immunomodulation therapy) and clinical outcome were analyzed. Results: The age of the 37 patients in the cohort was (37.4±17.0) years, and there were 22 male among them. Immunomodulation therapy included glucocorticoid (methylprednisolone) and intravenous immunoglobin. At admission, blood pressure was (70.21±17.37)mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa),heart rate was(100±30)beat/minutes,there were 10 cases of Ⅲ° atrioventricular block and all received temporary pacemaker implantation, 12 cases of ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation,1 patient received temporary pacemaker implantation due to electronic storm, peak cardiac troponin I level was (18.61±9.55)μg/L, peak B type natriuretic peptide level was 1 670(518,3 410)ng/L,left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was(32.3±10.4)%. Thirty-four out of the 37 patients survived and 3 patients died. Hospital duration was (22.7±8.2)days, LVEF was (50.1±10.5)% at discharge. Lactic acid level was significantly higher in IABP+ECMO group than in IABP group and ECMO group(P<0.001 or =0.005),LVEF was significantly lower in IABP+ECMO group than in IABP group(P=0.004),the proportion of ventilator usage was higher in IABO+ECMO group than in IABP group (P<0.05). Survival rate was similar among the three groups. Conclusion: Comprehensive treatment regimen with combined mechanical circulation support and immunomodulation therapy as the core strategies is effective in the treatment of fulminant myocarditis complicated with cardiogenic shock.


Subject(s)
Adult , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Humans , Immunomodulation , Male , Middle Aged , Myocarditis/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Shock, Cardiogenic/therapy , Stroke Volume , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931215

ABSTRACT

Xiaoer-Feire-Kechuan (XFK) is an 11-herb Chinese medicine formula to treat cough and pulmonary inflammation.The complicated composition rendered its chemical analysis and effective-component elucidation.In this study,we combined quantitative analysis and bioactivity test to reveal the anti-inflammatory constituents of XFK.First,UPLC-DAD and UHPLC/Q-Orbitrap-MS methods were estab-lished and validated to quantify 35 analytes (covering 9 out of 11 herbs) in different XFK formulations.Parallel reaction monitoring mode built in Q-Orbitrap-MS was used to improve the sensitivity and selectivity.Then,anti-inflammatory activities of the 35 analytes were analyzed using in vitro COX-2 inhibition assay.Finally,major analytes forsythosides H,I,A (8-10),and baicalin (15) (total contents varied from 21.79 to 91.20 mg/dose in different formulations) with significant activities (inhibitory rate ≥ 80%) were proposed as the anti-inflammatory constituents of XFK.The present study provided an effective strategy to discover effective constituents of multi-herb formulas.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828425

ABSTRACT

The present study was performed to establish the UPLC fingerprints of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma and determine the contents of three saponins by quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS), and provide basis for quality evaluation of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma. The analysis was carried out on an analytical column of Waters Cortecs T3(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.6 μm)with gradient elution by acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid solution, at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1). The detection wavelength was 203 nm, the column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 1 μL. The UPLC fingerprints of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma were established and evaluated by similarity calculation, cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The relative calibration factors of toberoside B and toberoside C were determined with toberoside A as internal reference. The content was calculated by relative calibration factors to develop a method of QAMS. Comparing the results of QAMS with those of ESM, the accuracy and feasibility of one-eva-luation and multi-evaluation can be determined. RESULTS:: showed that the fingerprints of 19 batches of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma have four common peaks with similarities ranging from 0.754 to 1.000. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis classified 19 batches of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma into three categories, which was consistent with the similarity evaluation results. The relative deviation between the content of tubeicosides B and C in 19 batches of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma determined by QAMS and ESM is less than 5.0%, indicating that there was no significant difference between the two methods. Therefore, the UPLC fingerprints combined with QAMS and similarity evaluation can be effectively used to evaluate the quality of Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Principal Component Analysis , Quality Control , Rhizome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of decomposed Zuoguiwan(ZGW) recipes in treating ovariectomized osteoporosis rats. Method:Forty Sprague-Dawley female rats were equally and randomly divided into Sham-operated group, ovariectomized model group, positive group, and low and high-dose ZGW groups. After 12 weeks of administration by gavage, the bone mineral density (BMD) of rats' distal femur was measured by micro-CT, the morphology of bone tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE), β-cross-linked c-telopeptide of type Ι collagen (β-CTX) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP) in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the mRNA and protein expressions of β2AR, OPG and RANKL were evaluated by Western blot analysis and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Result:Compared with Sham-operated group, BMD of rats in ovariectomized model group was decreased (P<0.01), morphology of bone tissue was destroyed, serum BALP was reduced, while β-CTX was boosted (P<0.01),mRNA and protein expressions of OPG in tibia were reduced, while RANKL were increased, and mRNA and protein expressions of β2AR in the hypothalamus were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with ovariectomized model group, BMDs of rats in low and high-dose ZGW groups were increased (P<0.01), morphology of bone tissue was repaired, serum BALP and mRNA and protein expressions of OPG in tibia were up-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01), whereas serum β-CTX and mRNA and protein expressions of β2AR in the hypothalamus and RANKL in tibia were down-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion:Yang-nourishing components in decomposed Zuoguiwan recipes can improve BMD of ovariectomized rats by regulating OPG/RANKL pathway mediated by β2AR. "Seeking Yin in Yang" is a crucial mechanism of Zuoguiwan in treating ovariectomized osteoporosis in rats.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of emotional intelligence on the behavioral performance in crisis intervention, taking the knowledge and skills learning performance of crisis intervention as the mediating variable. Methods:Based on the sequential pattern analysis and comprehensive evaluation of learning performance in the previous study, Emotional Intelligence Scale was used to collect the emotional intelligence of 104 mental health service personnel. The mediating effect model was used to analyze the relationship among personal traits, learning performance and behavior performance. Results:There was no direct correlation between emotional intelligence and behavior performance (r=-0.016, P=0.869). The knowledge and skills learning performance of crisis intervention in identifying problems, providing support and coping strategy played a complete mediating role between emotional intelligence and behavior, with indirect effects of a1b1=-0.052 (P=0.010, 95% CI -0.126 - -0.010), a2b2=0.139 (P=0.000, 95% CI 0.063 - 0.259), and a3b3=0.087 (P=0.012, 95% CI 0.019 - 0.186). Conclusion:Emotional intelligence interferes in behavioral pattern by affecting crisis intervention learning performance, but influence relationships are inconsistent.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843246

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application of sequential pattern mining to the field of mental health, and analyze the role of the courses in improving the crisis intervention skills of mental health service personnel. Methods: The learning log data recorded by the online learning platform was used for sequential pattern mining, and the activity map was used to visually analyze the learning paths of learners with different learning performances. Results: In each case study, the number of high-frequency sequences of learners with different learning performance had significant differences, which were high-performance group > medium-performance group > low-performance group. In the crisis intervention consultation learning process, the high-performance group learners had the most diverse learning paths; the medium-performance group lacked the mastery of the several specific steps of the six-step model of crisis intervention, and the learning path integrity was poor; the low-performance group did not have a complete learning path. Conclusion: Diversified crisis intervention strategies are conducive to the smooth progress of the consultation process. Learners with different learning performance should develop corresponding skills development strategies according to their learning characteristics.

13.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836373

ABSTRACT

Oral stereognosis is a function recognizing the characteristics, such as the size and shape, of objects in the mouth by integrating the senses with movement. As a child grows up, this function develops gradually but is reduced by aging and neurological damage, such as a stroke. In addition, it may affect the swallowing function in the oral phase of stroke patients with dysphagia. The shape and size of an intraoral bolus provide sensory information that is important for swallowing. Therefore, oral stereognosis is important for safety during eating and drinking. Oral stereognosis is designed for evaluation using two-dimensional or three-dimensional shapes of various sizes, and the accuracy or response rate is scored. On the other hand, there is no method of standardized examination. Accordingly, it is necessary to develop a new training method for promoting the recovery of the oral sensory function. The method should also aim to recover the oral stereognostic ability through a larger number of subjects and diseases in the future.

14.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834971

ABSTRACT

Background@#Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis (PD) is applied to patients who need PD within two weeks but are able to wait for more than 48 hours before starting PD. To evaluate the usefulness of percutaneous PD catheter insertion in urgent-start PD, we reviewed the clinical outcomes of percutaneous catheter insertion with immediate start PD and surgical insertion with longer break-in time in Pusan National University Hospital. @*Methods@#This study included 177 patients who underwent urgent-start PD. Based on the PD catheter insertion techniques, the patients with urgent-start PD were divided into percutaneous (n = 103) and surgical (n = 74) groups. For the percutaneous group, a modified Seldinger percutaneous catheter insertion with immediate initiation of continuous ambulatory PD was performed by nephrologists. @*Results@#The percutaneous group showed higher serum urea nitrogen, creatinine, and lower serum albumin compared with the surgical group (P < 0.05). Ninety-day infectious and mechanical complications showed no significant differences between the two groups. Ninety-day peritonitis in the percutaneous group was 9.7% compared to 5.4% in the surgical group (P = not significant [NS]). Major leakage was 3.9% in the percutaneous group compared to 1.4% in the surgical group (P = NS). Overall infectious and mechanical complication-free survival was not significantly different between the two groups. The percutaneous group and surgical group showed no statistical difference with respect to catheter survival over the entire observation period (P = NS). @*Conclusion@#This study suggests that urgent-start PD can be applied safely with percutaneous catheter insertion by nephrologists with no break-in period.

15.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831804

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Asthma is not a single disease but, rather, a heterogeneous inf lammatory disorder with various pathogenic mechanisms. We analyzed the associations between the cellular profile of sputum and the serum levels of inflammatory mediators/cytokines in a cohort of adult asthmatics. @*Methods@#We recruited 421 adult asthmatic patients. All subjects were classified into four groups according to their sputum cellular profiles: G1, eosinophilic; G2, mixed granulocytic; G3, neutrophilic; and G4, paucigranulocytic. Serum levels of cytokines and mediators including periostin, eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), S100A9, and folliculin were quantified. @*Results@#Among 421 patients, G1 accounted for 149 (35.4%), G2 for 71 (16.9%), G3 for 155 (36.8%), and G4 for 46 (10.9%). Serum periostin and EDN levels were significantly higher in G1 (p = 0.004, and p = 0.031) than in the others. Serum S100A9 levels were elevated in G2 and G3 (p = 0.008). Serum folliculin levels differed significantly among the four groups, with the highest level in G4 (p = 0.042). To identify G1 from G1 plus G2 groups, the optimal serum cut-off levels were 1.71 ng/mL for periostin, and 1.61 ng/mL for EDN. When these two parameters were combined, the sensitivity was 76.0% and the specificity was 64.3% (area under the curve, 0.701; p = 0.004). @*Conclusions@#The serum periostin and EDN levels may be used as predictors to discriminate the eosinophilic asthma group from patients having eosinophilic or mixed granulocytic asthma, and the serum folliculin level is significantly elevated in patients with paucigranulocytic asthma compared to those with different inflammatory cell profile.

16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 218-228, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811474

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major public health problem related to increased risks of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. We investigated whether recommended levels of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) decrease the risk of MetS in a community-based prospective cohort study (Ansung and Ansan cohort).MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 3910 adults (1890 men, 2020 women) without MetS examined in 2001–2002 (baseline) were included in this study and followed up from 2013 to 2014. We measured LTPA energy expenditure using the standard metabolic equivalent value [metabolic equivalent of task (MET)-h/wk]. Individuals were categorized into five groups (physically inactive, 0.1 to <7.5, 7.5 to <15.0, 15.0 to <22.5, 22.5 to <40.0, and ≥40.0 MET-h/wk).RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 11.8 years. Among the cohort, 482 men (25.5%) and 541 women (26.8%) were diagnosed with newly developed MetS. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed a 4.4% lower MetS risk among those performing two to three times the recommended minimum of 7.5 MET-h/wk [multivariate relative risk (RR), 0.956; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.654–1.398] and a 21.9% lower risk among those performing three to four times the physical activity minimum (multivariate RR, 0.781; 95% CI, 0.574–1.063). This association was only significant in females performing three to four times the minimum (crude RR, 0.655; 95% CI, 0.432–0.994).CONCLUSION: We noted that physical activity at more than 2 times the recommended minimum prevents MetS. Healthcare professionals should encourage inactive adults to be physically active during their leisure time to take advantage of its health benefits.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cohort Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Energy Metabolism , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Insurance Benefits , Korea , Leisure Activities , Male , Metabolic Equivalent , Motor Activity , Prospective Studies , Public Health
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811066

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Asthma control in older asthmatics is often less effective, which may be attributed to small airway dysfunction and poor inhalation technique. We compared the efficacy of 2 inhalers (fluticasone propionate/formoterol treatment using a pressurized metered-dose inhaler [p-MDI group] vs. fluticasone propionate/salmeterol treatment using a dry powder inhaler [DPI group]) in older asthmatics.METHODS: We conducted a 12-week, randomized, open-label, parallel-designed trial in older patients (over 55 years old) with moderate-to-severe asthma, and compared the efficacy and safety for asthma control between the 2 groups. Subgroup analyses on disease duration and air trapping were performed. Clinical parameters, including changes in lung function parameters, inhaler technique and adherence, were compared with monitoring adverse reactions between the 2 groups.RESULTS: A total of 68 patients underwent randomization, and 63 (30 in the p-MDI group and 33 in the DPI group) completed this study. The p-MDI group was non-inferior to the DPI group with regard to the rate of well-controlled asthma (53.3% vs. 45.5%, P < 0.001; a predefined non-inferiority limit of 17%). In subgroup analyses, the proportion of patients who did not reach well-controlled asthma in the p-MDI group was non-inferior to that in the DPI group; the difference was 12.7% among those with a longer disease duration (≥ 15 years) and 17.5% among those with higher air-trapping (RV/TLC ≥ 45%), respectively (a predefined non-inferiority limit of 17%, P < 0.001). No significant differences were observed in lung function parameters, inhalation techniques, adherence and adverse reactions between the 2 groups.CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the p-MDI group may be comparable to the DPI group in the management of older asthmatics in aspects of efficacy and safety.


Subject(s)
Airway Management , Asthma , Dry Powder Inhalers , Fluticasone , Humans , Inhalation , Lung , Medication Adherence , Metered Dose Inhalers , Nebulizers and Vaporizers , Random Allocation
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811065

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The prevalence of asthma is increasing globally as the world population increases; however, and the prevalence and mortality of asthma have not been extensively investigated. Also, the effects of severity and aging on asthma prevalence and mortality are unknown. We aimed to investigate trends of the prevalence and mortality of asthma as well as health care uses and costs over 14 years according to disease severity by using real-world data in Korea.METHODS: Using the National Health Insurance Sharing Service database, we extracted asthmatic patients having diagnosis codes of asthma and prescription records of antiasthmatic medications from 2002 to 2015 and categorized them according to asthma exacerbation and regular treatment. We defined asthma-associated death in terms of patients' prescription records within 3 months before all-cause death, then linked with the Cause of Death Statistics. The annual asthma-related health care uses and costs were analyzed.RESULTS: The prevalence rates of asthma (1.6% to 2.2%) and severe asthma (SA; 3.5% to 6.1% among total asthmatics) have increased steadily over the decade in Korea, where the proportion of elderly asthmatics having increased. The asthma-related health care uses and costs had increased during the study period with the highest uses/costs in SA. The asthma mortality had a steady rising trend from 16.2 to 28.0 deaths per 100,000 with the highest mortality in SA.CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence and mortality of asthma as well as SA increases along with the burden of health care uses/costs. More active interventions, including changes in health care policies, are needed to reduce the prevalence and mortality of asthma, especially SA.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Asthma , Cause of Death , Delivery of Health Care , Diagnosis , Health Care Costs , Humans , Korea , Mortality , National Health Programs , Prescriptions , Prevalence
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811063

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Anaphylaxis is an immediate allergic reaction characterized by potentially life-threatening, severe, systemic manifestations. While studies have evaluated links between serious illness and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), few have investigated PTSD after anaphylaxis in adults. We sought to investigate the psychosocial burden of recent anaphylaxis in Korean adults.METHODS: A total of 203 (mean age of 44 years, 120 females) patients with anaphylaxis were recruited from 15 university hospitals in Korea. Questionnaires, including the Impact of Event Scale-Revised-Korean version (IES-R-K), the Korean version of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (K-BAI), and the Korean version of the Beck Depression Inventory (K-BDI), were administered. Demographic characteristics, causes and clinical features of anaphylaxis, and serum inflammatory markers, including tryptase, platelet-activating factor, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and C-reactive protein, were evaluated.RESULTS: PTSD (IES-R-K ≥ 25) was noted in 84 (41.4%) patients with anaphylaxis. Of them, 56.0% had severe PTSD (IES-R-K ≥ 40). Additionally, 23.2% and 28.1% of the patients had anxiety (K-BAI ≥ 22) and depression (K-BDI ≥ 17), respectively. IES-R-K was significantly correlated with both K-BAI (r = 0.609, P < 0.0001) and K-BDI (r = 0.550, P < 0.0001). Among the inflammatory mediators, tryptase levels were lower in patients exhibiting PTSD; meanwhile, platelet-activating factor levels were lower in patients exhibiting anxiety and depression while recovering from anaphylaxis. In multivariate analysis, K-BAI and K-BDI were identified as major predictive variables of PTSD in patients with anaphylaxis.CONCLUSIONS: In patients with anaphylaxis, we found a remarkably high prevalence of PTSD and associated psychological distresses, including anxiety and depression. Physicians ought to be aware of the potential for psychological distress in anaphylactic patients and to consider psychological evaluation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anaphylaxis , Anxiety , C-Reactive Protein , Depression , Hospitals, University , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Interleukin-6 , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Necrosis , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Tryptases
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913268

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Recent studies of food allergy (FA) at all ages are scanty in Korea. We performed this study to better understand severity-related and age-stratified causes of FA from infants to older adults in a single tertiary hospital in Korea. @*Methods@#A retrospective medical record review was performed on patients of all ages diagnosed with immediate-type FA between March 2008 and February 2018 in Ajou University Hospital. @*Results@#A total of 4,680 cases of FA among 2,733 patients were reported. The distribution of onset ages of the first FA symptom was as follows: 45.3% below 2 years, 16.2% at 2–6 years, 5.5% at 7–12 years, 4.0% at 13–18 years, 16.9% at 19–40 years, 10.4% at 41–65 years, and 1.8% above 65 years of age. The major 10 causative foods were hen’s eggs (17.2%), cow’s milk (16.7%), wheat (8.6%), crustaceans (8.5%), fish (4.6%), walnuts (4.4%), pork (3.2%), peanuts (3.2%), shellfish (3.0%), and peach (2.2%). The culprits ranked from the 11th to the 20th were as follows: soybean, apple, chicken, buckwheat, beef, kiwi, almonds, perilla seeds, tomato, and squid. The top 3 causative foods in children were hen’s eggs, cow’s milk, and wheat, while those in adults were crustaceans, wheat, and fish. Food-induced anaphylaxis was reported in 29.2% of all cases, with cow’s milk, hen’s eggs, wheat, crustaceans, fish, walnuts, pork, shellfish, buckwheat, and peanuts being the major 10 causes. @*Conclusion@#This study could provide a better understanding of the detailed ranks of the causes of FA according to severity and age in Korea.

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