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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879100

ABSTRACT

Indication and functions is an important key information in the research and development of the ancient classical formulas, which directly affects the clinical positioning of the compound formulas and their reasonable, effective and safe use after marke-ting. It is also the embodiment of the ultimate vitality of ancient classical formulas. Due to the particularity of ancient classical formulas, it is of great significance to accurately define and describe the functions and indications of classical formulas to exert their unqiue advantages. Based on the analysis of the provenances, classification of clinical indications, and functions of 100 prescriptions in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Formulas(First Batch), this paper summarized the incompleteness, irregularity and inconsistency in the original text, the differences in terminology between ancient and modern times, and the evolution of the meanings of prescriptions in different dynasties. In addition, under the guidance of the general principle of textual researh on ancient classical formulas, which is to inherit the essence, make the past serve the present, link up the past and the present, and bulid consensus, this paper proposed the following ideas: respecting the original meanings and provenances of ancient classical formulas, taking full consideration of the development and evolution, serving the current clinical application and health needs, accurately linking up the ancient and modern terminologies, standardizing the expression of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) terminology, highlighting the characteristics of TCM, attaching importance to the textual research principles and suggestions of post-marketing evidence-based and clinical positioning research, so as to determine the the functions and indications of the ancient classical formulas in a scientific, standardized and reasonable way and better guide the clinical application of the classical formulas.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Oils, Volatile , Prescriptions
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878889

ABSTRACT

Three compounds, including scolosprine C(1), uracil(2) and hypoxanthine(3), were isolated and purified from the ethyl acetate fraction of centipede by silica gel normal-phase column chromatography, reversed-phase medium pressure preparation chromatography, and high-pressure semi-preparative HPLC. The structure was elucidated through a combination of spectroscopic analyses [such as nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS)] and literature review. Among them, compound 1 was a new quinoline alkaloid. In previous reports, we have described the isolation and structure elucidation of one new and two known quinoline alkaloids. In this paper, we would report the isolation and structure elucidation of scolosprine C in detail.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Animals , Arthropods , Chilopoda , Quinolines
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878876

ABSTRACT

The effect of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules(SHTB) on the endogenous metabolites of colon tissue in mice with slow transit constipation was analyzed by metabolomics methods to explore its mechanism in the treatment of constipation. ICR mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group and SHTB group according to the body weight. The mice were given diphenoxylate to establish the slow transit constipation model. Mouse carbon ink pushing rate, first defecation time and the number of defecation particles in 12 h were observed. The mouse colon tissue was separated and the mucous cells were detected by Periodic acid Schiff and Alcian blue(AB-PAS) staining. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization orbitrap tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS) technology was used to characterize the differences in tissue metabolism to screen out the potential different metabolites and possible metabolic pathways in colon tissue. The results indicated that SHTB could significantly shorten the first defecation time and the number of defecations, and increase the number of intestinal peristalsis and mucous cells in the colonic mucosa compared to the model mice. Metabolomics results showed that, compared with the normal group, a total of 17 potential biomarkers, including L-kynurenine, N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine, L-formylkynurenine, N6-acetyl-L-lysine, L-phenylalanine, phenylacetaldehyde, xanthoxin, thymidine, glycyl-L-leucine, cystathionine,(R)-1-aminopropan-2-ol, deoxycytidine, gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyraldehyde, D-galactose, L-arginine, L-proline and pyruvate, were found and identified in colon tissue. Treated with SHTB, these metabolic differences tended to return to normal levels. Therefore, it could be made a conclusion that the therapeutic effect of SHTB on chronic transit constipation may be related to regulating phenylalanine metabolism, phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, arginine and proline metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, pyruvate metabolism, glycolysis, pyrimidine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and galactose metabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Constipation/drug therapy , Metabolomics , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878874

ABSTRACT

Shouhui Tongbian Capsules was used to explore the therapeutic effect and potential mechanism on slow transit constipation model mice induced by loperamide hydrochloride. In the experiment, loperamide hydrochloride-induced ICR mice were used as the model of slow transit constipation. Fifty ICR mice were divided into the blank group, model group and high, medium and low dose groups of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules extract(100, 200 and 400 mg·kg~(-1)). The model group and the administration groups were then modeled using loperamide hydrochloride intragastrically to obtain slow transit constipation. After successful modeling, high, medium and low doses of drugs were given to each drug group by intragastric administration. After 14 days of administration, the first defecation time, 6 h defecation grain number, 6 h defecation wet weight and dry weight, black feces discharged within 6 h and the fecal water content were measured. Intestinal tissues were taken for c-Kit and SCF immunohistochemical sections to detect the expression of c-Kit and SCF in the blank group, model group and high, medium and low dose groups of the medicinal extract of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules. The tissue changes in the intestinal wall of mice were detected by HE staining. At the same time, partial intestinal tissues were taken to test the activity of ATP synthase and isocitrate dehydrogenase in intestinal tissues of mice. RESULTS:: showed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules effectively improved the symptoms of slow transit constipation in ICR mice and promoted intestinal movement. Shouhui Tongbian Capsules obviously shortened the time of discharging black stool for the first time, improved the intestinal propulsion rate, increased the water content and amount of feces, and improved the constipation symptoms. Mechanism study revealed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules increased ATP synthase activity and mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity in intestinal tissue, and up-regulated c-Kit/SCF signaling pathway to promote interstitial Cajal cells proliferation, intestinal nerve transmission, intestinal motility and transport capacity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Constipation/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Transit , Loperamide , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878873

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules in treating constipation by means of network pharmacology and molecular docking approach. Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and Bioinfoematics Analysis Tool for Molecular Mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicine(BATMAN) were applied to obtain chemical components and potential targets of eight herbs in Shouhui Tongbian Capsules according to the screening principles of oral availability(OB)≥30% and drug-like property(DL)≥0.18. Disease targets relating to constipation were screened out through GeneCards, PharmGkb and other databases, drug targets were integrated with disease targets, and intersection targets were exactly the potential action targets of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules for treating constipation; PPI network of potential targets was constructed using STRING platform, and GO(gene ontology) analysis and KEGG(Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) pathway data were obtained to conduct enrichment analysis and predict its mechanism of action. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to construct a network of "medicinal materials-chemical components-drug targets", and the network topology analysis was carried out on the PPI network to obtain its main components and key targets. Molecular docking between components and key targets of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules verified the accuracy of network pharmacological analysis results. The PPI network analysis showed 92 chemical components, including quercetin, stigmaste-rol, aloe-emodin, rhein, and key targets for instance AKT1, MAPK1, IL6, JUN, TNF and TP53. The enrichment analysis of KEGG screened out 157 signal pathways(P<0.01), mainly involving interleukin 17 signaling pathway, AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, thyroid hormone signaling pathway. Quercetin, resveratrol and lysine with top degree value had a rational conformation in docking site of protein crystal complexes. This study preliminarily showed that various active ingredients in Shouhui Tongbian Capsules could regulate multiple signaling pathways, increase intestinal smoothness and peristalsis function, ensure smooth intestinal lumen, and play a role in treating constipation by acting on key targets, such as AKT1, MAPK1, IL6 and JUN.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Constipation/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877644

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of moxibustion combined with western medication for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of liver-kidney deficiency, and explore the mechanism of moxibustion for RA.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with RA of liver-kidney deficiency were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. In the control group,leflunomide tablets were taken orally, once a day. On the base of the treatment as the control group, moxibustion was applied at Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenshu (BL 23), Zusanli (ST 36) and @*RESULTS@#After treatment, the TCM syndrome scores, HAQ scores and DAS-28 scores were decreased in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion combined with western medication can effectively relieve clinical symptoms, improve quality of life in RA patients, the curative effect is better than simple western medication. And its mechanism may be related to the regulation of serum level of Ca


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Humans , Kidney , Liver , Moxibustion , Quality of Life
7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 396-398, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875706

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study examined school-based sexual harassment experience among college students in Guangzhou, and to provide theoretical basis for preventing campus sexual harassment.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1 062 college students from five universities in Guangzhou, China. A self-made questionnaire regarding awareness sexual harassment and experience of school-based sexual harassment was filled out by students voluntarily and anonymously.@*Results@#A total of 169 students reported they experienced school-based sexual harassment. The incidence of school-based sexual harassment among college students in Guangzhou was 15.91%, higher among female students (20.30%) than male students(10.2%)(χ 2=19.91, P<0.01). Verbal harassment (10.26%) was the most common type of sexual harassment, followed by physical harassment (7.16%), visual harassment (4.61%) and unwanted sexual advances (1.69%). Sexual harassment primarily took place in teaching building(58), dormitory(33) and office(17). Among the victims, 116(68.64%) were influenced by harassment. Females(n=94) being harassed were more likely to be negatively influenced compare to males(n=22).@*Conclusion@#School-based sexual harassment may result adverse psychological outcomes to students, more emphasis should be put on the prevention of sexual harassment.

8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 29-40, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875605

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of liver transplantation (LT) and liver resection (LR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) and to investigate risk factors affecting prognosis. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 94 HCC patients with PVTT type I (segmental PVTT) and PVTT type II (lobar PVTT) were involved and divided into LR (n=47) and LT groups (n=47). Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared before and after inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). Prognostic factors for RFS and OS were explored. @*Results@#Two treatment groups were well-balanced using IPTW. In the entire cohort, LT provided a better prognosis than LR. Among patients with PVTT type I, RFS was better with LT (p=0.039); OS was not different significantly between LT and LR (p=0.093). In subgroup analysis of PVTT type I patients with α-fetoprotein (AFP) levels >200 ng/mL, LT elicited significantly longer median RFS (18.0 months vs. 2.1 months, p=0.022) and relatively longer median OS time (23.6 months vs. 9.8 months, p=0.065). Among patients with PVTT type II, no significant differences in RFS and OS were found between LT and LR (p=0.115 and 0.335, respectively). Multivariate analyses showed treatment allocation (LR), tumor size (>5 cm), AFP and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels to be risk factors of RFS and treatment allocation (LR), AFP and AST as risk factors for OS. @*Conclusion@#LT appeared to afford a better prognosis for HCC with PVTT type I than LR, especially in patients with AFP levels >200 ng/mL.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of flail arm syndrome (FAS).Methods:Clinical and electrophysiological data were collected on 13 FAS patients and 31 persons with upper limb onset amyotropic lateral sclerosis (UL-ALS), including the amplitude of compound muscle action potential (CMAP) related to median nerve, ulnar nerve, and axillary nerve motor conduction. A split-hand index (SI) was calculated by dividing the CMAP amplitude of abductor pollicis brevis by that of the abductor digiti minimi. Clinical features, the CMAP amplitudes and SIs were compared between the FAS and UL-ALS patients.Results:Compared with UL-ALS patients, the age at onset among the FAS patients was older (averaging 60.9 years). The development to the second stage was longer (24±6 months). The upper limb reflexes of 15% of the FAS patients had disappeared and those of 77% were weakened, while the lower limb reflexes of 54% of the FAS patients were active and 38% were weakened, significantly different from the UL-ALS patients. However, there were no significant differences in the CMAP amplitudes of the median and ulnar nerves, nor in SI between the FAS and UL-ALS patients. The SIs of the FAS patients with upper motor neuron signs were significantly lower than those of FAS patients without such signs. Among the FAS patients, the average CMAP amplitude of the ulnar nerve was the highest, followed by those of the median and axillary nerves. Among the UL-ALS patients, however, the average CMAP amplitude of the ulnar nerve was not significantly different from that of the axillary nerve.Conclusions:FAS patients with upper motor neuron signs are more likely to have slip hand. The CMAP amplitude of their axillary nerve tends to be lower than that of their median and ulnar nerves. FAS seems to be a special type of ALS.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 64-70, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885392

ABSTRACT

With the aging of population, cerebral small vessel disease has attracted more and more attention. A growing body of literature has confirmed that retinal vascular changes can be used as a potential marker for the prediction of cerebral small vessel disease. The retina is recognized as a window into cerebrovascular and systemic vascular conditions. Combining traditional fundus photograph and fundus fluorescein angiography with optical coherence tomography angiography, the retinal vascular system of patients with cerebral small vessel disease can be comprehensively analyzed. This paper summarizes and analyzes the application of retinal angiography technology in different image types of cerebral small vessel disease and makes a review, in order to provide reference for the early diagnosis and prevention of cerebral small vessel disease.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 122-126, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884970

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the efficacy and toxicity of the full coverage radiation to primary and all metastatic lesions in patients with oligometastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).Methods:Forty-four patients with oligometastatic CRPC was retrospective analyzed from Oct. 2011 to Jun. 2017 at Peking University 1 st Hospital. Before radiotherapy, average age was 72(57-86), the median value of initial PSA was 38.545 (6.640-1 066.000)ng/ml, the median value of PSA nadir after initial androgen deprivation therapy(ADT) was 0.259(0.011-18.762)ng/ml, the time interval between initial ADT to diagnosis of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer(mCRPC) was 12(4-96) months, and the median PSA value pre-radiotherapy was 3.765(2.040-187.000) ng/ml. There were 23(52.3%)patients with Gleason score 9-10 and 15(34.0%) patients with Gleason score 8. At the time of initial diagnosis, there was 41(93.2%) cases with stage T 3-T 4, 23(52.3%)cases with lymph node metastasis, and 29 (63.9%) case with distant metastasis. The number of metastatic foci before radiotherapy was 1 in 22(50.0%)cases, 2 in 12(27.3%)cases, 3 in 6(13.6%)cases and 4 in 4(9.1%)cases. There were 3 cases of pelvic lymph node metastasis (6.8%), 9 cases of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis(20.5%), 21 cases of bone metastasis(47.7%), 11 cases of bone metastasis+ lymph node metastasis(25.0%), and no visceral metastasis. Image-guided volumetric modulated arc therapy(IGRT-VMAT) was used to fully cover primary and metastatic foci. The prostate and seminal vesicle were routinely underwent 76Gy/38 fractions, and the bioequivalent dose(BED 3) was 126.67 Gy. For those with pelvic lymph node metastasis, the drainage area of pelvic lymph node was 46Gy/23 fractions. According to the tolerance of different normal tissues around the lesions, the median BED 3 of local radiotherapy dose in the metastatic foci was 112.26(91.14-140.77)Gy. The efficacy and side effects of all these patients were recorded. Kaplan-meier method was used to analyze the overall survival and the new metastasis-free survival. Results:Only 1 patient had grade 3 urinary tract obstruction and underwent indwelling catheter. All the other patients had grade 1-2 toxic and side effects. After a median follow-up of 34.5(9-96) months, the PSA-nadir after radiotherapy was 0.088(0.003-132.000)ng/ml. Forty(90.9%) patients showed a decrease in PSA after radiotherapy, and 34(77.3%) cases. showed a decrease of >80%. The 1, 3, and 5-year overall survival rates were 90.9%, 54.5%, 36.8%, the 1, 3, and 5-year new metastasis free survival rates were 47.7%, 25.0%, 12.9%, respectively.Conclusion:The full coverage radiotherapy to primary and metastatic lesions showed high PSA response rate, the satisfactory survival and tolerable toxicity in oligometastatic CRPC patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the amplitude of normal kidney motion in the 3D direction and its influencing factors under free-breathing condition.Methods:Clinical data of 28 patients with a KPS score≥80 who received 4D CT scan from March 2018 to March 2019 were collected. All patients were diagnosed with liver, pancreatic or lung tumors. The kidney was outlined and the geometric center and 3D coordinate values were recorded. The motion of bilateral kidneys in each direction and the 3D direction was calculated. The volume of kidney and surrounding organs, age, sex, height and body mass index (BMI) were recorded. Clinical data were statistically compared by t-test or nonparametric test. Results:The motion of the left and right kidneys in the the sup-inf (SI) direction were the largest up to (8.39±3.18) mm and (7.71±3.55) mm. The motion amplitudes of bilateral kidneys in male patients were significantly larger than those of the female counterparts in the left-right (LR), SI and 3D directions (all P<0.05). The motion amplitudes of bilateral kidneys in patients taller than 165 cm were significantly larger than those of their counterparts with a height of ≤165 cm (all P<0.05). Patients with a BMI≥25 kg/m 2 had significantly larger motion amplitudes of the left kidney in the LR and ant-post (AP) directions compared with those of normal weight counterparts (all P<0.05). The motion amplitude of the left kidney in the AP direction in patients with the left kidney volume of >180 cm 3 was significantly larger than that of patients with smaller left kidney volume ( P=0.014). Age was not significantly associated with kidney motion in each direction ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Kidney motion mainly occurs in the SI direction. The kidney motion amplitudes in male and taller patients are larger. Special attention should be paid to the use of breath motion control device to decrease the normal tissue damage.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884591

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of setup errors from daily cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) on the accumulated dose under different image-guidance (IG) strategies, aiming to investigate the appropriate IG strategies during radiotherapy for the spine metastases.Methods:A total of 720 CBCT scans of 36 vertebral lesions were obtained. All 36 lesions were divided into the simultaneous boosting (PTV 40 Gy/20f, GTV 60 Gy/20f, n=20) and conventional radiotherapy groups (PTV 40 Gy/20f, n=16). The actual fractionated plan was recalculated simulatively after transferring the isocenter of the initial plan according to the interfraction setup error. Under no daily image-guidance (no-DIG) strategies including twice imaging guidance weekly (TIG), initial 5 days then weekly imaging guidance (5D+ WIG), WIG and no imaging guidance (NIG), the dose deviation was calculated between the delivered dose accumulated by each actual fractionated plan and the dose distribution under DIG. The tolerance of dose deviation for the target was within ±5% and the D max of the spinal cord was limited below 45 Gy. Results:Under different image-guidance strategies of TIG, 5D+ WIG, WIG and NIG, the median dose deviation was approximately ±1% for the CTV D 95% and D max of spinal cord. However, the median dose deviation was beyond -5% for the PTV D 95% when conventional radiotherapy was given. The median dose deviation was approximately 10% for the D max of spinal cord and the proportion of cases whose maximum irradiated dose of spinal cord was more than 4500 cGy was ≥70%. Also, the median dose deviation was beyond -5% for the GTV D 95% and PTV D 95% when simultaneous boosting was delivered. Conclusions:Because the dose deviation of CTV and spinal cord is within the tolerance limit, the image-guidance strategies could be chosen according to the clinical practice when conventional radiotherapy is delivered. However, the dose deviation of spinal cord, GTV and PTV exceeds the tolerance limit under no-DIG strategies when simultaneous boosting is delivered. Hence, it is necessary to perform daily IGRT for the spine metastases.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 512-516, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and digital mammography (DM) for radial lesions.Methods:The data of 76 patients (78 lesions) with radial lesions confirmed by operation and pathology on DBT between December 2016 and May 2020 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were analyzed retrospectively. Taking pathological results as the gold standard, 78 lesions were divided into benign radial lesions ( n=46) and malignant radial lesions ( n=32), and their DBT features were compared. According to the standard of breast imaging report and data system (BI-RADS), the wheel-spoke structure, central density, overall size, central size and surrounding burr length of the two groups of radial lesions were compared on DBT. Results:The detection rates of DM and DBT for 78 radial lesions were 59.0% (46/78) and 100% (78/78), the difference had statistically significant ( P<0.05). The diagnostic accuracy rates of DM and DBT for 78 radial lesions was 65.2% (30/46) and 74.4% (58/78), the difference had no statistically significant ( P>0.05). The sensitivity, specificity, misdiagnosis rates, missed diagnosis rates of DM and DBT in the diagnosis of malignant radial lesions were 64.3%(18/28) and 84.4%(27/32), 66.7% (12/18) and 67.4%(31/46), 33.3%(6/18) and 32.6%(15/46), 35.7%(10/28) and 15.6%(5/32), respectively. The difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in the overall size of lesions [18.0 (14.9, 29.2) mm, 26.5 (20.2, 34.9) mm], central size [3.5 (2.5, 4.5) mm, 4.5 (3.5, 5.5) mm] and peripheral burr length [(11±6) mm, (13±4) mm] between benign and malignant radial lesions on DBT ( P<0.05). When the central size of the lesion was 5 mm, there was significant difference in the distribution of benign and malignant radial lesions ( P<0.05), and when the overall size of the lesion was 2 cm, there was significant difference in the distribution of benign and malignant radial lesions ( P<0.05). Conclusion:DBT can improve the detection and diagnosis accuracy of radial lesions, and provide an important basis for clinicians to make surgical treatment decisions.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the short-term outcomes of a 3D printed trabecular block cage to assist posterior internal fixation for the treatment of patients with basilar invagination and atlantoaxial dislocation.Methods:Between June 2017 and February 2019, 12 patients with basilar invagination and atlantoaxial dislocation underwent atlantoaxial distraction and posterior internal fixation at Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital to Zhengzhou University. They were 5 males and 7 females, aged from 34 to 62 years (average, 45.6 years). 3D printed cages were inserted intraoperatively between the joints of the atlantoaxial lateral mass. The atlanto-dental interval interval (ADI), cervico-medullary angle (CMA) and distance from tip of the odontoid process to Chamberlain's line (DOCL) and the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scale were compared between preoperation and 12 months postoperation to observe the fusion of the joints of the atlantoaxial lateral mass.Results:Operation went on uneventfully in all the 12 patients. Operation time averaged 116.5 min (from 85 to 190 min), fluoroscopy frequency 9.4 times (from 6 to 21 times), and intraoperative bleeding 82.3 mL (from 50 to 210 mL). No such postoperative complications occurred as cerebrospinal leak, cerebral infarction, or breakage, displacement or loosening of implants. All patients were followed up for 18 to 42 months (mean, 26.3 months). Their preoperative JOA, ADI, CMA and DOCL [8.33±0.98, (8.66±1.64) mm, 119.63°±4.15° and (9.66±2.15) mm] were significantly improved to 14.17±1.03, (2.63±0.59) mm, 153.76°±7.88° and (2.07±0.69) mm ( P<0.05) at 12 months postoperation. Bony fusion was achieved in all the operative segments. Conclusion:In the treatment of patients with basilar invagination and atlantoaxial dislocation, a 3D-printed trabecular block cage can be used to assist posterior internal fixation to achieve satisfactory reduction and maintain the height of joint space, leading to satisfactory short-term outcomes.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of problem-based learning (PBL) controlled by closed-loop feedback in the teaching of respiratory medicine.Methods:In PBL teaching, after students' open inquiry, discussion and PBL self-study, closed-loop feedback was given by organizing PPT report, written summary and mechanism diagram display of medical students. The participation of teachers and students, teaching quality, the degree of students' identification of key knowledge points, the breadth and depth of mastering the characteristics of key symptoms and the satisfaction of PBL teaching work were investigated, and the differences were compared before and after the closed-loop feedback. GraphPad Prism 5.01 was used in the analysis.Results:It was found that closed-loop feedback could improve the self-evaluation of tutor's teaching participation [(7.97±0.91) vs. (8.77±0.64), P < 0.001] and students' evaluation on teaching participation of tutor [(8.09±0.79) vs. (8.74±0.45), P < 0.001]. At the same time, students' evaluation on the teaching quality of tutors was also improved [(88.61±6.53) vs. (92.59±5.44), P < 0.001]. After closed-loop feedback, the students' identification of the required knowledge points in the syllabus was significantly increased [(84.00±21.75) vs. (90.22±16.18), P = 0.017]. The overall satisfaction with PBL teaching was also improved obviously [(8.93±0.67) vs. (9.37±0.64), P < 0.001]. Conclusion:Practice has proved that the closed-loop controlled PBL teaching approach has a good effect on the teaching of respiratory medicine, and it's worth popularizing in clinical teaching.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of comprehensive nursing education on anxiety, depression, quality of life and survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after surgery.Methods:A total of 136 HCC patients were randomly divided into two groups: general nursing education group and comprehensive nursing education group. The comprehensive nursing education group carried out 12 months of health belief education, psychological care, care activities and telephone condolence. The routine nursing group received basic education for 12 months. The changes of anxiety and depression were assessed by hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS). The quality of life (QOL) of participants within 12 months was assessed using the European research and treatment cancer quality of life questionnaire (QLQ-C30). The 3-year survival of the two groups was compared.Results:There was no significant difference between the two groups in baseline data. At the 9th and 12th month, the HADS-A score of the comprehensive nursing education group was significantly lower than that of the general nursing group ( P< 0.05). In the 12th month, the overall health of QLQ-C30 in the comprehensive nursing education group was better than that in the general nursing group ( P<0.05). The QLQ-C30 function score of the comprehensive nursing education group at the 12th month was better than that of the general nursing group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in QLQ-C30 symptom scores between the two groups at all time points ( P>0.05). The overall survival of the patients in the comprehensive nursing education group was better than that in the general nursing group ( P=0.026). Conclusion:the comprehensive nursing education can reduce the anxiety and depression of HCC patients after surgery, and can improve their quality of life and survival.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880178

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and predict the effect of coronavirus infection on hematopoietic system and potential intervention drugs, and explore their significance for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#The gene expression omnibus (GEO) database was used to screen the whole genome expression data related with coronavirus infection. The R language package was used for differential expression analysis and KEGG/GO enrichment analysis. The core genes were screened by PPI network analysis using STRING online analysis website. Then the self-developed apparent precision therapy prediction platform (EpiMed) was used to analyze diseases, drugs and related target genes.@*RESULTS@#A database in accordance with the criteria was found, which was derived from SARS coronavirus. A total of 3606 differential genes were screened, including 2148 expression up-regulated genes and 1458 expression down-regulated genes. GO enrichment mainly related with viral infection, hematopoietic regulation, cell chemotaxis, platelet granule content secretion, immune activation, acute inflammation, etc. KEGG enrichment mainly related with hematopoietic function, coagulation cascade reaction, acute inflammation, immune reaction, etc. Ten core genes such as PTPRC, ICAM1, TIMP1, CXCR5, IL-1B, MYC, CR2, FSTL1, SOX1 and COL3A1 were screened by protein interaction network analysis. Ten drugs with potential intervention effects, including glucocorticoid, TNF-α inhibitor, salvia miltiorrhiza, sirolimus, licorice, red peony, famciclovir, cyclosporine A, houttuynia cordata, fluvastatin, etc. were screened by EpiMed plotform.@*CONCLUSION@#SARS coronavirus infection can affect the hematopoietic system by changing the expression of a series of genes. The potential intervention drugs screened on these grounds are of useful reference significance for the basic and clinical research of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Computational Biology , Follistatin-Related Proteins , Hematopoietic System , Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880068

ABSTRACT

There were three new blood group systems including the KANNO blood group system, the Sid blood group system and the CTL2 blood group system (provisional status), have been registered by the International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT) registered Science August 2019. The main reason for this update is that the significant SNPs of the KANNO blood group system (rs1800014) and the Sid blood group system (rs7224888) have been found through genome-wide association studies and whole exome sequencing. The new genetic evidences are consistent with the current immunological findings. In addition, although CTL2 antigen has been found on erythrocyte ghost (erythrocyte membrane) since 2017, CTL2 blood group system is still in provisional status due to lack of serological and genetic evidence. In this review, the experimental research advances of these three ISBT blood group systems and discuss the clinical value of the relevant researches was summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Blood Transfusion , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879840

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the perinatal complications of late preterm twins (LPTs) versus early term twins (ETTs).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the complications of 246 LPTs, 496 ETTs, and their mothers. The risk factors for late preterm birth were analyzed. According to gestational age, the twins were divided into five groups: 34-34@*RESULTS@#Maternal hypertension, maternal thrombocytopenia, placenta previa, and premature rupture of membranes were independent risk factors for late preterm birth in twins (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with ETTs, LPTs have an increased incidence of perinatal complications. The incidence of perinatal complications is associated with gestational ages in the LPTs and ETTs.


Subject(s)
Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Retrospective Studies , Twins
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