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1.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 452-456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982766

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution of airborne pollen in summer and autumn in Taiyuan, analyze the correlation between pollen characteristics, meteorological factors and allergic sensitization, and provide for the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases in this. Methods:The gravity sedimentation method was used to investigate the types, quantities and dispersion patterns of airborne pollen in Taiyuan City from July 21, 2022 to October 20, 2022. he meteorological and patient information was collected during the same period SPSS 26.0 software. Results:①A total of 17 118 pollen grains were collected, and identified as 14 families, 10 genera, and 4 species. The peak period for pollen dispersal in summer and autumn in Taiyuan City from late August to early September. airborne pollen Artemisia(66.62%), Cannabis/Humulus(17.79%), Sophora japonica(8.18%), Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae(2.83%), Gramineae(2.11%). ②The concentration of airborne pollen in Taiyuan City positively correlated with the average temperature(5-20℃) and maximum temperature(11-30℃) within a certain range(r=0.547, 0.315, P<0.05). ③The content of airborne pollen in Taiyuan City positively correlated with the number of visits and allergen positive rate of patients with allergic rhinitis(AR) in our hospital(r=0.702, 0.747, P<0.05). Conclusion:The peak period for airborne pollen dispersal during the summer and autumn seasons in Taiyuan City from late August to early September. The dominant pollen is Artemisia, Cannabis/Humulus, Sophora japonica, Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae, Gramineae, and the absolute advantage pollen is Artemisia. Meteorological factors pollen content. Within a certain range, temperature the diffusion and transportation of pollen. The number of pollen grains the number of visits, which can serve as an environmental warning indicator for AR patients to take preventive, thereby reducing the risk of allergies.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Seasons , Pollen , Rhinitis, Allergic , Allergens , Cities
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 415-419, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981972

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune connective tissue disease that affects multiple organs and systems. It is more common in women of childbearing age. Compared with the general population, pregnant women with SLE are at a significantly increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes such as preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction. In addition, the offspring of SLE patients may also be adversely affected by in utero exposure to maternal autoantibodies, cytokines, and drugs. This article summarizes the long-term developmental outcomes of offspring of pregnant women with SLE in terms of the blood system, circulatory system, nervous system, and immune system.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Pregnant Women , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Premature Birth/etiology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
3.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 518-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of the biomechanical study of the Bristow-Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#The related biomechanical literature of Bristow-Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder dislocation was extensively reviewed and summarized.@*RESULTS@#The current literature suggests that when performing Bristow-Latarjet procedure, care should be taken to fix the bone block edge flush with the glenoid in the sagittal plane in the direction where the rupture of the joint capsule occurs. If traditional screw fixation is used, a double-cortical screw fixation should be applied, while details such as screw material have less influence on the biomechanical characteristics. Cortical button fixation is slightly inferior to screws in terms of biomechanical performance. The most frequent site of postoperative bone resorption is the proximal-medial part of the bone block, and the cause of bone resorption at this site may be related to the stress shielding caused by the screw.@*CONCLUSION@#There is no detailed standardized guidance for bone block fixation. The optimal clinical treatment plan for different degrees of injury, the factors influencing postoperative bone healing and remodeling, and the postoperative osteoarticular surface pressure still need to be further clarified by high-quality biomechanical studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Biomechanical Phenomena , Joint Instability/surgery , Bone Resorption , Arthroscopy/methods
4.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 125-129, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981592

ABSTRACT

Objectives To learn the echocardiography skills of intensivists after receiving a basic critical care echocardiography training course, and investigate factors that may influence their performance. Methods We completed a web-based questionnaire that assessed the skills in ultrasound scanning techniques of intensivists who took a training course on basic critical care echocardiography held in 2019 and 2020. Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the factors which might affect their performance on image acquisition, recognizing clinical syndrome, and measuring the diameter of inferior vena cava, left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral.Results We enrolled 554 physicians from 412 intensive care units across China. Among them, 185 (33.4%) reported that they had 10%-30% chance of being misled by critical care echocardiography when making therapeutic decision, and 34 (6.1%) reported that the chance was greater than 30%. Intensivists who performed echocardiography under the guidance of a mentor and finished ultrasound scanning more than 10 times per week reported significant higher scores in image acquisition, clinical syndrome recognition, and quantitative measurement of inferior vena cava diameter, left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral than those without mentor and performing echocardiography 10 times or less per week respectively (all P < 0.05).Conclusion The skills in diagnostic medical echocardiography of Chinese intensivists after a basic echocardiographic training course remain low, and further quality assurance training program is clearly warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Competence , East Asian People , Echocardiography/standards , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Self-Assessment , Physicians/standards , Internal Medicine/standards
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1927-1935, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981412

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the neuroprotective mechanism of ginsenoside Re(GS-Re) on drosophila model of Parkinson's disease(PD) induced by rotenone(Rot). To be specific, Rot was used to induce PD in drosophilas. Then the drosophilas were grouped and respectively treated(GS-Re: 0.1, 0.4, 1.6 mmol·L~(-1); L-dopa: 80 μmol·L~(-1)). Life span and crawling ability of drosophilas were determined. The brain antioxidant activity [content of catalase(CAT), malondialdehyde(MDA), reactive oxygen species(ROS), superoxide dismutase(SOD)], dopamine(DA) content, and mitochondrial function [content of adenosine triphosphate(ATP), NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit B8(NDUFB8) Ⅰ activity, succinate dehydrogenase complex, subunit B(SDHB) Ⅱ activity] were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The number of DA neurons in the brains of drosophilas was measured with the immunofluorescence method. The levels of NDUFB8 Ⅰ, SDHB Ⅱ, cytochrome C(Cyt C), nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2(Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1(HO-1), B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 2(Bcl-2)/Bcl-2-assaciated X protein(Bax), and cleaved caspase-3/caspase-3 in the brain were detected by Western blot. The results showed that model group [475 μmol·L~(-1) Rot(IC_(50))] demonstrated significantly low survival rate, obvious dyskinesia, small number of neurons and low DA content in the brain, high ROS level and MDA content, low content of SOD and CAT, significantly low ATP content, NDUFB8 Ⅰ activity, and SDHB Ⅱ activity, significantly low expression of NDUFB8 Ⅰ, SDHB Ⅱ, and Bcl-2/Bax, large amount of Cyt C released from mitochondria to cytoplasm, low nuclear transfer of Nrf2, and significantly high expression of cleaved caspase-3/caspase-3 compared with the control group. GS-Re(0.1, 0.4, and 1.6 mmol·L~(-1)) significantly improved the survival rate of PD drosophilas, alleviated the dyskinesia, increased DA content, reduced the loss of DA neurons, ROS level, and MDA content in brain, improved content of SOD and CAT and antioxidant activity in brain, maintained mitochondrial homeostasis(significantly increased ATP content and activity of NDUFB8 Ⅰ and SDHB Ⅱ, significantly up-regulated expression of NDUFB8 Ⅰ, SDHB Ⅱ, and Bcl-2/Bax), significantly reduced the expression of Cyt C, increased the nuclear transfer of Nrf2, and down-regulated the expression of cleaved caspase-3/caspase-3. In conclusion, GS-Re can significantly relieve the Rot-induced cerebral neurotoxicity in drosophilas. The mechanism may be that GS-Re activates Keap1-Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway by maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis, improves antioxidant capacity of brain neurons, then inhibits mitochondria-mediated caspase-3 signaling pathway, and the apoptosis of neuronal cells, thereby exerting the neuroprotective effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Caspase 3/metabolism , Parkinson Disease/genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Drosophila/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Apoptosis , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Adenosine Triphosphate/pharmacology
6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 705-710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the misdiagnosis of area postrema syndrome (APS) manifesting as intractable nausea, vomiting and hiccups in neuromyelitis optic spectrum disease (NMOSD) and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from NMOSD patients attending the Department of Neurology at the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital between January 2019 and July 2021. SPSS25.0 was then used to analyze the manifestations, misdiagnosis, and mistreatment of APS. Results: A total of 207 patients with NMOSD were included, including 21 males and 186 females. The mean age of onset was 39±15 years (range: 5-72 years). The proportion of patients who were positive for serum aquaporin 4 antibody was 82.6% (171/207). In total, 35.7% (74/207) of the NMOSD patients experienced APS during the disease course; of these patients, 70.3% (52/74) had APS as the first symptom and 29.7% (22/74) had APS as a secondary symptom. The misdiagnosis rates for these conditions were 90.4% (47/52) and 50.0% (11/22), respectively. As the first symptom, 19.2% (10/52) of patients during APS presented only with intractable nausea, vomiting and hiccups; 80.8% (42/52) of patients experienced other neurological symptoms. The Departments of Gastroenterology and General Medicine were the departments that most frequently made the first diagnosis of APS, accounting for 54.1% and 17.6% of patients, respectively. The most common misdiagnoses related to diseases of the digestive system and the median duration of misdiagnosis was 37 days. Conclusions: APS is a common symptom of NMOSD and is associated with a high rate of misdiagnosis. Other concomitant symptoms often occur with APS. Gaining an increased awareness of this disease/syndrome, obtaining a detailed patient history, and performing physical examinations are essential if we are to reduce and avoid misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Neuromyelitis Optica/diagnosis , Area Postrema , Retrospective Studies , Hiccup/complications , Vomiting/etiology , Nausea/etiology , Inflammation , Syndrome , Autoantibodies , Diagnostic Errors , Aquaporin 4
7.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 480-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985953

ABSTRACT

We wished to establish an expert consensus on late stage of critical care (CC) management. The panel comprised 13 experts in CC medicine. Each statement was assessed based on the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) principle. Then, the Delphi method was adopted by 17 experts to reassess the following 28 statements. (1) ESCAPE has evolved from a strategy of delirium management to a strategy of late stage of CC management. (2) The new version of ESCAPE is a strategy for optimizing treatment and comprehensive care of critically ill patients (CIPs) after the rescue period, including early mobilization, early rehabilitation, nutritional support, sleep management, mental assessment, cognitive-function training, emotional support, and optimizing sedation and analgesia. (3) Disease assessment to determine the starting point of early mobilization, early rehabilitation, and early enteral nutrition. (4) Early mobilization has synergistic effects upon the recovery of organ function. (5) Early functional exercise and rehabilitation are important means to promote CIP recovery, and gives them a sense of future prospects. (6) Timely start of enteral nutrition is conducive to early mobilization and early rehabilitation. (7) The spontaneous breathing test should be started as soon as possible, and a weaning plan should be selected step-by-step. (8) The waking process of CIPs should be realized in a planned and purposeful way. (9) Establishment of a sleep-wake rhythm is the key to sleep management in post-CC management. (10) The spontaneous awakening trial, spontaneous breathing trial, and sleep management should be carried out together. (11) The depth of sedation should be adjusted dynamically in the late stage of CC period. (12) Standardized sedation assessment is the premise of rational sedation. (13) Appropriate sedative drugs should be selected according to the objectives of sedation and drug characteristics. (14) A goal-directed minimization strategy for sedation should be implemented. (15) The principle of analgesia must be mastered first. (16) Subjective assessment is preferred for analgesia assessment. (17) Opioid-based analgesic strategies should be selected step-by-step according to the characteristics of different drugs. (18) There must be rational use of non-opioid analgesics and non-drug-based analgesic measures. (19) Pay attention to evaluation of the psychological status of CIPs. (20) Cognitive function in CIPs cannot be ignored. (21) Delirium management should be based on non-drug-based measures and rational use of drugs. (22) Reset treatment can be considered for severe delirium. (23) Psychological assessment should be conducted as early as possible to screen-out high-risk groups with post-traumatic stress disorder. (24) Emotional support, flexible visiting, and environment management are important components of humanistic management in the intensive care unit (ICU). (25) Emotional support from medical teams and families should be promoted through"ICU diaries"and other forms. (26) Environmental management should be carried out by enriching environmental content, limiting environmental interference, and optimizing the environmental atmosphere. (27) Reasonable promotion of flexible visitation should be done on the basis of prevention of nosocomial infection. (28) ESCAPE is an excellent project for late stage of CC management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Critical Care/methods , Intensive Care Units , Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Delirium/therapy , Critical Illness
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 515-519, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985901

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the short-time efficacy of empagliflozin in the treatment of glycogen storage disease type Ⅰb (GSD Ⅰb). Methods: In this prospective open-label single-arm study, the data of 4 patients were collected from the pediatric department in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from December 2020 to December 2022. All of them were diagnosed by gene sequencing and had neutropenia. These patients received empagliflozin treatment. Their clinical symptoms such as height and weight increase, abdominal pain, diarrhea, oral ulcer, infection times, and drug applications were recorded at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, 12 months, and 15 months after treatment to assess the therapeutic effect. The liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was used to monitor the changes in 1, 5-anhydroglucitol (1, 5AG) concentration in plasma. At the same time, adverse reactions such as hypoglycemia and urinary tract infection were closely followed up and monitored. Results: The 4 patients with GSD Ⅰb were 15, 14, 4 and 14 years old, respectively at the beginning of empagliflozin treatment, and were followed up for 15, 15, 12 and 6 months, respectively. Maintenance dose range of empagliflozin was 0.24-0.39 mg/(kg·d). The frequency of diarrhea and abdominal pain decreased in cases 2, 3, and 4 at 1, 2 and 3 months of treatment, respectively. Their height and weight increased at different degrees.The absolute count of neutrophils increased from 0.84×109, 0.50×109, 0.48×109, 0.48×109/L to 1.48×109, 3.04×109, 1.10×109, 0.73×109/L, respectively. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor was gradually reduced in 1 patients and stopped in 3 patient. Plasma 1, 5 AG levels in 2 children were significantly decreased after administration of empagliflozin (from 46.3 mg/L to 9.6 mg/L in case 2, and from 56.1 mg/L to 15.0 mg/L in case 3). All 4 patients had no adverse reactions such as hypoglycemia, abnormal liver or kidney function, or urinary system infection. Conclusion: In short-term observation, empagliflozin can improve the symptoms of GSD Ⅰb oral ulcers, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and recurrent infection, also can alleviate neutropenia and decrease 1, 5AG concentration in plasma, with favorable safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Prospective Studies , Glycogen Storage Disease Type I/drug therapy , Neutropenia , Abdominal Pain , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Hypoglycemia
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1119-1125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985642

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of revaccination of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) in elderly people aged ≥60 years. Methods: The elderly aged ≥60 years with 1 dose of PPV23 vaccination were selected as revaccination group and those without history of pneumococcal vaccine immunization were selected as the first vaccination group. One dose of PPV23 was administered to both groups, and the first blood samples were collected before vaccination while the second blood samples were collected on day 28-40 after vaccination. ELISA was used to detect the concentrations of anti-specific serotype Streptococcus pneumoniae podocyte polysaccharide immunoglobulin G, and the safety of the vaccination was evaluated after 30 days. Results: The geometric mean concentration (GMC) of antibody to 23 serotypes before the vaccination (0.73-13.73 μg/ml) was higher in revaccination group than in the first vaccination group (0.39-7.53 μg/ml), the GMC after the vaccination (1.42-31.65 μg/ml) was higher than that before the vaccination (0.73-13.73 μg/ml) in the revaccination group, and the GMC after the vaccination (1.62-43.76 μg/ml) was higher than that before the vaccination (0.39-7.53 μg/ml) in the first vaccination group; the geometric mean growth multiple in revaccination group (2.16-3.60) was lower than that in the first vaccination group (3.86-16.13); The mean 2-fold antibody growth rate was lower in revaccination group (53.68%, 95%CI: 52.30%-55.06%) than in the first vaccination group (93.16%, 95%CI: 92.18%- 94.15%), all differences were significant (P<0.001). After the vaccination, 13 serotypes of GMC were higher in the first vaccination group than in revaccination group (P<0.001), the differences were not significant for 10 serotypes of GMC (P>0.05). The incidence of local adverse reaction was 19.20% and 13.27% in revaccination group and the first vaccination group, respectively (P=0.174). Conclusions: The antibody level in ≥60 years people who received one dose of PPV23 after a 5-year interval was still higher than that in unvaccinated people. The antibody level decreased after 5 years of the first vaccination, and the antibody level could be rapidly increased by one more dose vaccination, but the overall immune response was lower than that of the first vaccination; revaccination with PPV23 has a good safety.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 917-923, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985613

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the morbidity and mortality trends of thyroid cancer in China from 1990 to 2019, explore the causes of the trends, and predict morbidity and mortality in the future. Methods: The morbidity and mortality data of thyroid cancer in China from 1990 to 2019 were collected from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease database. The Joinpoint regression model was used to describe the change trends. Based on the morbidity and mortality data from 2012 to 2019, a grey model GM (1,1) was constructed to predict the trends in the next ten years. The model was tested by the posterior error method and residual test method. Results: In all populations, men and women, the AAPC values of the crude morbidity rates were 4.15% (95%CI: 3.86%-4.44%, P<0.001), 5.98% (95%CI: 5.65%-6.31%, P<0.001) and 3.23% (95%CI: 2.94%-3.53%, P<0.001) respectively, the AAPC values of age-standardized morbidity rates were 2.47% (95%CI: 2.12%-2.83%, P<0.001), 3.98% (95%CI: 3.68%-4.29%, P<0.001), 1.65% (95%CI: 1.38%-1.93%, P<0.001), the AAPC values of crude mortality rates were 2.09% (95%CI: 1.92%-2.25%, P<0.001), 3.68% (95%CI: 3.45%-3.90%, P<0.001), 0.60% (95%CI: 0.50%-0.71%, P<0.001). The age-standardized mortality rates in men showed a fluctuating trend of first decrease (1990-1994), then increase (1994-2012), and then decrease (2012-2019) (AAPC=1.35%, 95%CI: 1.16%-1.53%, P<0.001). The age-standardized mortality rate in women continuously decreased (AAPC=-1.70%, 95%CI: -1.82%- -1.58%, P<0.001). The GM (1,1) models can be used for medium and long-term predictions. The results of the residual test show that the average relative error values of all models are less than 10.00%, the prediction accuracy values are more than 80.00%, and the prediction effects are good. The results of the posterior error method show that all the prediction results are good except the qualified prediction of the age-standardized morbidity rate in men. In 2029, the crude morbidity rates would increase to 3.57/100 000, 2.78/100 000, and 4.40/100 000, respectively, and the age-standardized incidence rates would increase to 2.38/100 000, 1.89/100 000, and 2.88/100 000, respectively, the crude mortality rates would increase to 0.57/100 000, 0.62/100 000 and 0.53/100 000, and the age-standardized mortality rates would decrease to 0.33/100 000, 0.42/100 000 and 0.27/100 000 in all population, men and women in China. Conclusions: The overall, gender- specific age-standardized mortality rates showed downward trends in the last decade or so, and the prediction results showed that it might further decline. However, the crude morbidity rates, age-standardized and crude mortality rates have been on the rise, and the population aging is becoming increasingly serious in China, which requires close attention and targeted prevention and control measures.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Morbidity , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Aging , China/epidemiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 759-764, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985558

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the distribution of genotypes and sub-genotypes of HBV in different ethnic groups in China. Methods: The HBsAg positive samples were selected by stratified multi-stage cluster sampling from the sample base of national HBV sero-epidemiological survey in 2020 for the amplification of S gene of HBV by nested PCR. A phylogeny tree was constructed to determine the genotypes and sub-genotypes of HBV. The distribution of genotypes and sub-genotypes of HBV were analyzed comprehensively by using laboratory data and demographic data. Results: A total of 1 539 positive samples from 15 ethnic groups were successfully amplified and analyzed, and 5 genotypes (B, C, D, I and C/D) were detected. The proportion of genotype B was higher in ethnic group of Han (74.52%, 623/836), Zhuang (49.28%, 34/69), Yi (53.19%, 25/47), Miao (94.12%, 32/34), Buyi (81.48%, 22/27). The proportions of genotype C were higher in ethnic groups of Yao (70.91%, 39/55). Genotype D was the predominant genotype in Uygur (83.78%, 31/37). Genotype C/D were detected in Tibetan (92.35%,326/353). In this study, 11 cases of genotype I were detected, 8 of which were distributed in Zhuang nationality. Except for Tibetan, sub-genotype B2 accounted for more than 80.00% in genotype B in all ethnic groups. The proportions of sub-genotype C2 were higher in 8 ethnic groups, i.e. Han, Tibetan, Yi, Uygur, Mongolian, Manchu, Hui and Miao. The proportions of sub-genotype C5 were higher in ethnic groups of Zhuang (55.56%, 15/27) and Yao (84.62%, 33/39). For genotype D, sub-genotype D3 was detected in Yi ethnic group and sub-genotype D1 was detected in both Uygur and Kazak. The proportions of sub-genotype C/D1 and C/D2 in Tibetan were 43.06% (152/353) and 49.29% (174/353). For all the 11 cases of genotype I infection, only sub-genotype I1 was detected. Conclusions: Five genotypes and 15 sub-genotypes of HBV were found in 15 ethnic groups. There were significant differences in the distribution of genotypes and sub-genotypes of HBV among different ethnic groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , China/epidemiology , Ethnicity , Genotype , Gerbillinae , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B/virology
12.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 935-940, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985499

ABSTRACT

The incidence of perinatal disease and perinatal mortality in small for gestational age infants increased significantly. This group of people is prone to a variety of long-term metabolic diseases and cardiovascular diseases, and is also prone to growth retardation and neurodevelopmental delay, which will seriously affect the long-term quality of life of children. The article studies the neurodevelopmental outcomes of small-for-gestational-age infants. By reviewing and sorting out previous literature, the neurodevelopmental disorders of small-for-gestational-age infants are analyzed according to five aspects: intellectual development, motor development, language development, sensory development, and mental illness. The classification and summary were carried out, and the influencing factors of neurodevelopmental disorders of SGA were also evaluated, so as to provide reference for promoting the improvement of neurodevelopmental outcomes of small-for-gestational-age infants.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Female , Child , Infant , Humans , Gestational Age , Quality of Life , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Fetal Growth Retardation/epidemiology
13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 52-57, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953745

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To introduce a new method for identifying intersegmental planes during thoracoscopic segmentectomy using pulmonary circulation single-blocking in the target segment. Methods    To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 83 patients who underwent thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy from January 2019 to March 2020 using the pulmonary circulation single-blocking method. There were 33 males and 50 females, with a median age of 54 (46-65) years, and they were divided into a single vein group (SVG, n=31) and a single artery group (SAG, n=52), and the clinical data of two groups were compared. Results    The intersegmental planes were identified successfully in both groups and there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of intersegmental plane management (P=0.823), operating time (P=0.786), intraoperative blood loss (P=0.775), chest drainage time (P=0.659), postoperative hospital stay (P=0.824) or the incidence of postoperative complications (P=1.000). Conclusion    The use of pulmonary circulation single-blocking for intersegmental plane identification during thoracoscopic segmentectomy is safe and feasible, and the intersegmental plane can be satisfactorily identified by the single-blocking of arteries or veins.

14.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 163-170, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964928

ABSTRACT

Background Experimental studies have shown that radiofrequency electromagnetic waves emitted by mobile phones can cause adverse effects on male reproductive health, including decreased semen quality and altered sex hormones. However, the results of epidemiological studies on the relationship between mobile phone use and male semen quality are inconsistent. Furthermore, there are few epidemiological studies on the association of mobile phone use with sex hormones. Objective To explore the associations of mobile phone use with male semen quality and sex hormones. Methods A total of 2045 men visited the reproductive medicine center of a hospital in Wuhan and ordered infertility examination were recruited from December 2018 to January 2020. Information on mobile phone use was obtained using a questionnaire. Among them, 1232 and 1694 men were eligible for semen quality analyses and sex hormone analyses, respectively. Multiple linear and logistic regression models were used to analyze the associations of mobile phone use with male semen quality and sex hormones. Results After adjusting for potential confounders, there was no statistically significant associations of mobile phone use with sperm progressive motility, sperm total motility, sperm concentration, sperm count, or serum luteinizing hormone (P>0.05). However, serum total testosterone showed a declined tendency with increasing daily duration of mobile phone use (Ptrend=0.08). Compared with men with daily mobile phone use of 0-2 h, men with daily mobile phone use of 2.1-5, 5.1-8, and >8 h showed decreased serum total testosterone concentrations by 6.29% (95%CI: 0.40%-11.84%), 6.01% (95%CI: 0.60%-12.19%), and 7.87% (95%CI: 0.40%-14.79%), respectively. Conclusion Mobile phone use is not associated with male semen quality and serum luteinizing hormone, but increasing daily duration of mobile phone use is potentially associated with a tendency to lower male serum total testosterone.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 167-172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964399

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Allergic diseases can occur in all systems of the body, covering the whole life cycle, from children to adults and to old age, can be lifelong onset and even fatal in severe cases. Children account for the largest proportion of the victims of allergic disease, Children s allergies start from scratch, ranging from mild to severe, from less to more, from single to multiple systems and systemic performance, so the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases in children is of great importance, which can not only prevent high risk allergic conditions from developing into allergic diseases, but also further block the process of allergy. At present, there is no consensus on the management system of allergic children in kindergartens and primary schools. The "Consensus on Allergy Management and Prevention in Kindergartens and Primary Schools", which includes the organizational structure, system construction and management of allergic children, provides evidence informed recommendations for the long term comprehensive management of allergic children in kindergartens and primary schools, and provides a basis for the establishment of the prevention system for allergic children.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 387-391, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996095

ABSTRACT

The pre-hospitalization service is an important initiative for medical institutions to implement the national reform of the medical security system. In 2018, Zhejiang province proposed the " most run once reform", requiring the establishment of an admission preparation center to carry out pre-hospitalization services. In June 2021, a certain maternal and child health hospital conducted a process reengineering for the pre admission process of the admission preparation center by applying the combined process analysis and failure mode and effects analysis, high-risk points of the hospitalization process were screened, the job value and job functions of each sector were sorted out, and the sector for improvement sector was evaluated, to launch an independent information system, establish a one click automatic import of pre hospital medical orders function, and remove on-site billing physicians from various specialties for improvement measures. The steps of the process had been optimized, inlcuding issuing pre hospital medical orders, waiting for pre-hospitalization, pre-hospitalization, and so on. The completeness rate of pre hospital medical orders, average waiting days before hospitalization, and patient satisfaction scores of pre hospitalization centers had changed from 91%, 2.99 days, and 93.46 points before process reengineering to 92%, 2.44 days, and 95.80 points after reengineering, respectively. This practice had achieved dual improvements in pre admission service quality and efficiency, so as to provide a reference for China′s medical institutions to carry out safe and efficient pre admission services.

17.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 307-311, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the anastomotic status of the vortex veins in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).Methods:A cross-sectional study of clinical practice. From July 2021 to July 2022, 50 cases (50 eyes) of monocular CSC patients diagnosed through ophthalmic examination at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were included in the study. Among them, there were 37 males (74.0%, 37/50) and 13 females (26.0%, 13/50), with the mean age of (44.30±9.59) years old. The course of disease from the onset of symptoms to the time of treatment was less than 3 months. The affected eye and contralateral eye of CSC patients were divided into the affected eye group and contralateral eye group, respectively. Fifty healthy volunteers of the same age and gender were selected as the normal control group with 50 eyes. The macular area scanning source optical coherence tomography (OCT) vascular imaging examination was performed with Visual Microimaging (Henan) Technology Co., Ltd. VG200D. Horizontal watershed vortex veins anastomosis rate and asymmetric vortex-venous dilation rate were observed by en face OCT. The device comes with software to calculate the central foveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), mean choroidal thickness (MCT), and choroidal vascular index (CVI). One-way analysis of variance and χ2 test were used to compare the three groups. When variances were unequal between groups, nonparametric tests were performed. Results:The SFCT values of the affected eye group, contralateral eye group, and normal control group were (567.12±129.02), (513.26±133.17), (327.64±97.40) μm, respectively; MCT were (407.38±97.54), (388.24±94.13), (275.46±60.55) μm, respectively; CVI were 0.34±0.05, 0.32±0.04, and 0.27±0.04, respectively; anastomosis rates of vortex veins were 98% (49/50), 78% (39/50), and 40% (20/50), respectively; asymmetric dilation rates of vortex veins were 96% (48/50), 88% (44/50), and 48% (24/50), respectively. The differences of SFCT ( F=53.974), MCT ( Z=51.415), CVI ( F=28.082), vortex vein anastomosis rate ( χ2=43.056), asymmetric dilation rate of vortex veins ( χ2=37.728) among three groups were statistically significant ( P<0.001). Compared with the contralateral eye group, the SFCT, MCT, CVI, vortex vein anastomosis rate, and vortex vein asymmetric dilation rate in the affected eye group were significantly higher than those in the contralateral eye group. Among them, the differences of SFCT ( t=2.054), CVI ( t=2.211), and vortex vein anastomosis rate ( χ2=9.470) were statistically significant ( P<0.05); the differences of MCT ( Z=7.490), asymmetric dilation rate of vortex veins ( χ2=2.714) were not statistically significant ( P=1.000, 0.140). Conclusions:SFCT, MCT, and CVI in the affected and contralateral eyes of monocular CSC patients significantly increase. The anastomotic rate and asymmetric dilation rate of the vortex vein in the opposite eye were lower than those in the affected eye.

18.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 736-739, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994763

ABSTRACT

The standardized residency training of general practice is a complex project, the functional departments of the training base should play an active role for its management. The functional department of education in Zhongshan Hospital constantly explores its position and role, connects relevant departments vertically and horizontally to provides management and service for general practice residency training. That means that it should not only to provide advice for leadership decision-making, but also coordinate with all functional departments of the training base. The department has participated in the teaching management and supervision, educational research and training quality control, and accomplished positive results in general practice residency training for last 35 years.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 518-523, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993121

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the advantage of three dimensional(3D)-printed tissue compensators in radiotherapy for superficial tumors at irregular sites.Methods:A subcutaneous xenograft model of prostate cancer in nude mice was established. Mice were randomly divided into no tissue compensator group( n=6), common tissue compensator group( n=6), and 3D-printed tissue compensator group( n=6). Computed tomography (CT) images of nude mice in the 3D-printed tissue compensator group were acquired. Compensator models were made using polylactic acid, and material properties were evaluated by measuring electron density. CT positioning images of the three groups after covering the corresponding tissue compensators were acquired to delineate the gross tumor volume (GTV). Nude mice in the three groups were irradiated with 6 MV X-rays at the prescribed dose. The prescribed dose for the three groups was 1 500 cGy. The dose distribution in the GTV of the three groups was calculated and compared using the analytical anisotropic algorithm in the Eclipse 13.5 treatment planning system. The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor was used to verify the actual dose received on the skin surface of nude mice. Results:The air gap in the 3D-printed tissue compensator group and the common tissue compensator group was 0.20±0.07 and 0.37±0.07 cm 3, respectively ( t=4.02, P<0.01). For the no tissue compensator group, common tissue compensator group, and 3D-printed tissue compensator group, the D95% in the target volume was (1 188.58±92.21), (1 369.90±146.23), and (1 440.29±45.78) cGy, respectively ( F=9.49, P<0.01). D98% was (1 080.13±88.30), (1 302.76±158.43), and (1 360.23±48.71) cGy, respectively ( F=11.17, P<0.01). Dmean was (1 549.08±44.22), (1 593.05±65.40), and (1 638.87±40.83) cGy, respectively ( F=4.59, P<0.05). The measured superficial dose was (626.03±26.75), (1 259.83±71.94), and (1 435.30±67.22) cGy, respectively ( F=263.20, P<0.001). The percentage variation in tumor volume growth after radiation was not significantly different between the common tissue compensator group and the 3D-printed tissue compensator group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:3D-printed tissue compensators fit well to the body surface, which reduces air gaps, effectively increases the dose on the body surface near the target volume, and provides ideas for radiotherapy for superficial tumors at some irregular sites.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 897-903, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application value of left ventricular myocardial strain obtained by cardiac MR (CMR) in recent major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods:From January 2020 to December 2020, a total of 163 patients successfully underwent primary PCI and underwent CMR examination within one week after surgery at Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University. The scan sequences included rapid balance-fast field echo and late-gadolinium enhancement. CVI42 post-processing software was used to analyze and measure the left ventricular myocardial strain indices, including left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS), left ventricular global circumferential strain (GCS), and left ventricular global radial strain (GRS). According to the results of the 1-year follow-up after surgery, the patients were divided into the MACE group ( n=28) and the non-MACE group ( n=135). For continuous variables with a normal distribution, the t test of two independent samples was used for comparisons between groups. For continuous variables with an abnormal distribution, the variables were compared and analyzed by the rank sum test. For categorical variables, the χ 2 tests were used for between-group comparisons. Cox regression was used to analyze the prognostic value of myocardial strain on the development of MACE in patients with STEMI. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of myocardial strain parameters, and the optimal cut-off value was evaluated by calculating the Youden index. Results:The GLS, GCS, and GRS of the MACE group were (-10.4±3.3)%, [-11.9 (-14.5, -9.3)]%, and (18.3±6.3)%, respectively, and those of the non-MACE group were (-13.7±3.4)%, [-14.6 (-16.4, -11.7)]%, and (22.3±6.1)%, respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t/ Z=-4.71, -3.04, 3.21, P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that GLS was an independent predictor of MACE (HR=1.546, 95%CI 1.180-2.027, P=0.002). The ROC curve analysis showed that GLS had the largest area under the curve (AUC) (AUC=0.754, 95%CI 0.658-0.851, P<0.001), with a cut-off value of -12.45%. Its diagnostic sensitivity was 71.4%, and the specificity was 67.4%. The value was better than that of the traditional predictor of STEMI prognosis, namely, left ventricular ejection fraction (AUC=0.680, 95%CI 0.567-0.793, P=0.003). Conclusion:GLS of CMR is an independent predictor of MACE in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI.

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