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1.
International Journal of Arrhythmia ; : 2-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925066

ABSTRACT

Background@#Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment option for patients with heart failure (HF) and left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony. However, the problem of some patients not responding to CRT remains unresolved. This study aimed to propose a novel in silico method for CRT simulation. @*Methods@#Three-dimensional heart geometry was constructed from computed tomography images. The finite ele‑ ment method was used to elucidate the electric wave propagation in the heart. The electric excitation and mechani‑ cal contraction were coupled with vascular hemodynamics by the lumped parameter model. The model parameters for three-dimensional (3D) heart and vascular mechanics were estimated by matching computed variables with measured physiological parameters. CRT effects were simulated in a patient with HF and left bundle branch block (LBBB). LV end-diastolic (LVEDV) and end-systolic volumes (LVESV), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), and CRT responsiveness measured from the in silico simulation model were compared with those from clinical observation. A CRT responder was defined as absolute increase in LVEF ≥ 5% or relative increase in LVEF ≥ 15%. @*Results@#A 68-year-old female with nonischemic HF and LBBB was retrospectively included. The in silico CRT simu‑ lation modeling revealed that changes in LVEDV, LVESV, and LVEF by CRT were from 174 to 173 mL, 116 to 104 mL, and 33 to 40%, respectively. Absolute and relative ΔLVEF were 7% and 18%, respectively, signifying a CRT responder.In clinical observation, echocardiography showed that changes in LVEDV, LVESV, and LVEF by CRT were from 162 to 119 mL, 114 to 69 mL, and 29 to 42%, respectively. Absolute and relative ΔLVESV were 13% and 31%, respectively, also signifying a CRT responder. CRT responsiveness from the in silico CRT simulation model was concordant with that in the clinical observation. @*Conclusion@#This in silico CRT simulation method is a feasible technique to screen for CRT non-responders in patients with HF and LBBB.

2.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 332-339, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903170

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has psychological effects such as anxiety and depression as well as direct infection in people. The Fear of COVID-19 scale is a scale that can measure anxiety related to COVID-19 in a short time. The purpose of this study was to verify the reliability and validity the Korean version of Fear of COVID-19 scale (KF-COVID-19S). @*Methods@#The data of total 186 normal adults and 17 patients were finally used for the statistical analysis. For internal consistency, Cronbach’s α was calculated. For concurrent and discriminant validity, the correlations with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS), Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15), World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument Brief Form (WHOQOLBREF) were analyzed. For construct validity, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted. @*Results@#Cronbach alpha was 0.88. The two-factor model (factor 1: Physical fear, factor 2: Emotional fear) showed significantly positive correlations and appeared to be “good” fitness (CFI=0.906, IFI=0.907, NFI=0.902). @*Conclusion@#The KF-COVID-19S can be a useful scale that can measure the physical and emotional fears associated with COVID-19 in a short time. Because the psychiatric patients are a more vulnerable group to the fear, it is thought that the KF-COVID-19S will help to determine the patient’s level of anxiety and make a therapeutic plan for the underlying mental disorder.

3.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 332-339, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895466

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has psychological effects such as anxiety and depression as well as direct infection in people. The Fear of COVID-19 scale is a scale that can measure anxiety related to COVID-19 in a short time. The purpose of this study was to verify the reliability and validity the Korean version of Fear of COVID-19 scale (KF-COVID-19S). @*Methods@#The data of total 186 normal adults and 17 patients were finally used for the statistical analysis. For internal consistency, Cronbach’s α was calculated. For concurrent and discriminant validity, the correlations with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS), Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15), World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument Brief Form (WHOQOLBREF) were analyzed. For construct validity, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted. @*Results@#Cronbach alpha was 0.88. The two-factor model (factor 1: Physical fear, factor 2: Emotional fear) showed significantly positive correlations and appeared to be “good” fitness (CFI=0.906, IFI=0.907, NFI=0.902). @*Conclusion@#The KF-COVID-19S can be a useful scale that can measure the physical and emotional fears associated with COVID-19 in a short time. Because the psychiatric patients are a more vulnerable group to the fear, it is thought that the KF-COVID-19S will help to determine the patient’s level of anxiety and make a therapeutic plan for the underlying mental disorder.

4.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 478-487, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739142

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Plasma epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation tests are less invasive than tissue EGFR mutation tests. We determined which of two kits is more efficient: cobas EGFR Mutation test v2 (cobasv2; Roche Molecular Systems, Pleasanton, CA, USA) or PANAMutyper-R-EGFR (Mutyper; Panagene, Daejeon, Korea). We also evaluated whether pleural effusion supernatant (PE-SUP) samples are assayable, similar to plasma samples, using these two kits. METHODS: We analyzed 156 plasma and PE-SUP samples (31 paired samples) from 116 individuals. We compared the kits in terms of accuracy, assessed genotype concordance (weighted κ with 95% confidence intervals), and calculated Spearman's rho between semi-quantitatively measured EGFR-mutant levels (SQIs) measured by each kit. We also compared sensitivity using 47 EGFR-mutant harboring samples divided into more-dilute and less-dilute samples (dilution ratio: ≥ or <1:1,000). RESULTS: cobasv2 tended to have higher accuracy than Mutyper (73% vs 69%, P=0.53), and PE-SUP samples had significantly higher accuracy than plasma samples (97% vs 55–71%) for both kits. Genotype concordance was 98% (κ=0.92, 0.88–0.96). SQIs showed strong positive correlations (P<0.0001). In less-dilute samples, accuracy and sensitivity did not differ significantly between kits. In more-dilute samples, cobasv2 tended to have higher sensitivity than Mutyper (43% vs 20%, P=0.07). CONCLUSIONS: The kits have similar performance in terms of EGFR mutation detection and semi-quantification in plasma and PE-SUP samples. cobasv2 tends to outperform Mutyper in detecting less-abundant EGFR-mutants. PE-SUP samples are assayable using either kit.


Subject(s)
Epidermal Growth Factor , Genotype , Plasma , Pleural Effusion , ErbB Receptors
5.
Journal of Neurocritical Care ; (2): 28-31, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765872

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Various etiologies are the causative agents for sciatic neuropathy. We present here a case of ischemic sciatic neuropathy in a patient with liposarcoma. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old woman presented with severe pain and weakness of the left leg. She had a history of recurred retroperitoneal liposarcoma, and was being administered chemotherapy. Examination revealed weakness in ankle dorsiflexion, plantar flexion and hamstring. Complaints also included dysesthesia, and numbness in the sole and dorsum of the foot. Nerve conduction study showed low compound muscle action potentials and slow motor conduction velocity of left peroneal and tibial nerves, with indiscernible sensory nerve action potentials of the left superficial peroneal and sural nerves. Computed tomography angiography revealed occlusion of the left common iliac artery. Commencement of intravenous infusion of heparin resulted in skin color change and progression of the weakness. Hence, the patient underwent an emergency thrombectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Ischemia should be considered as a cause of sciatic neuropathy in cancer patients, which requires management with timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Action Potentials , Angiography , Ankle , Drug Therapy , Emergencies , Foot , Heparin , Hypesthesia , Iliac Artery , Infusions, Intravenous , Ischemia , Leg , Liposarcoma , Neural Conduction , Paresthesia , Sciatic Neuropathy , Skin Pigmentation , Sural Nerve , Thrombectomy , Tibial Nerve
6.
Journal of Neurocritical Care ; (2): 49-52, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765867

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage , Basal Ganglia , Catheters , Drainage , Status Epilepticus
7.
Brain Tumor Research and Treatment ; : 17-20, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132138

ABSTRACT

Cellular neurothekeoma (CNT) is an uncommon variant of neurothekeoma that is composed of pithelioid to spindled cells with variable nuclear atypia or pleomorphism but no myxoid stroma. CNT occurs predominantly in the head and neck or upper trunk of children and young adults, with female predominance. The following case is different from typical CNTs. An 88-year-old female presented with a palpable mass on the scalp, which we excised. Histologically, the tumor was non-encapsulated and composed of spindled and epithelioid cells arranged in fascicles and nodules separated by a collagen-rich stroma. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the epithelioid and spindle-shaped cells were focally positive for vimentin, neuron-specific enolase, smooth muscle actin, CD68, and CD10 but negative for S-100 protein, HMB-45, epithelial membrane antigen, and CD34. We report a new case of CNT that arose in the scalp of an older patient and that was associated with uncommon clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical profiles.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Actins , Epithelioid Cells , Head , Mucin-1 , Muscle, Smooth , Neck , Neurothekeoma , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , S100 Proteins , Scalp , Vimentin
8.
Brain Tumor Research and Treatment ; : 17-20, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132135

ABSTRACT

Cellular neurothekeoma (CNT) is an uncommon variant of neurothekeoma that is composed of pithelioid to spindled cells with variable nuclear atypia or pleomorphism but no myxoid stroma. CNT occurs predominantly in the head and neck or upper trunk of children and young adults, with female predominance. The following case is different from typical CNTs. An 88-year-old female presented with a palpable mass on the scalp, which we excised. Histologically, the tumor was non-encapsulated and composed of spindled and epithelioid cells arranged in fascicles and nodules separated by a collagen-rich stroma. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the epithelioid and spindle-shaped cells were focally positive for vimentin, neuron-specific enolase, smooth muscle actin, CD68, and CD10 but negative for S-100 protein, HMB-45, epithelial membrane antigen, and CD34. We report a new case of CNT that arose in the scalp of an older patient and that was associated with uncommon clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical profiles.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Actins , Epithelioid Cells , Head , Mucin-1 , Muscle, Smooth , Neck , Neurothekeoma , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , S100 Proteins , Scalp , Vimentin
9.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 231-234, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65861

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous dissection of the middle cerebral artery could result in thromboembolic stroke caused by the intramural hematoma. Dissection should be considered as a possible etiology in a young stroke patient, but it is not straightforward in an emergency situation. Moreover, the efficacy and safety of thrombolytic treatment in the acute stage are unknown. We applied intravenous and intra-arterial stent thrombectomy with the Solitaire device successfully in a patient with acute left middle cerebral artery occlusion due to spontaneous dissection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Emergencies , Hematoma , Infarction , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Middle Cerebral Artery , Stents , Stroke , Thrombectomy
10.
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; : 226-235, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-119750

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Adolescent Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI-A) in a standardized adolescent sample using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). METHODS: For this purpose, three models about factor structure of the PAI-A were explored with EFA in 490 adolescents and then were evaluated with CFA in 268 young offenders. RESULTS: The results showed that the five factor model was considered to be most appropriate for factor structures of the PAI-A in EFA. However, none of the factor models were appropriate for the factor structures of the PAI-A in CFA. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the "five factor model" is thought to explain the PAI-A the best, but further studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Criminals , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Neuropsychological Tests , Personality Assessment , Psychometrics
11.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 40-53, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53766

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of group music therapy on social function and interpersonal relationships in outpatients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 24 outpatients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to either an experimental group (with music therapy : 12 patients) or a control group (without music therapy : 12 patients). Patients assigned to the experimental group received 18 sessions of group music therapy at Iksan Community Mental Health Center. Twenty individuals with schizophrenia completed a battery of measures, including the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), Social Skill Scale, Korean-Social Functioning Scale (SFS-K), Interpersonal Functioning Scale, and the Relationship Change Scale at baseline and end point. RESULTS: After 18 sessions of group music therapy, the experimental group showed significant improvements compared with the control group in the PANSS (positive, negative, general psychopathology), GAF, social skill, interpersonal relationship, some SFS-K domains (social withdrawal, recreation, independence performance), and some Relationship Change Scale domains (communication, confidence, affection, openness, understanding). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that group music therapy seems to be effective for treatment of psychopathology, social function, and interpersonal relationships of schizophrenic patients. However, the small sample size was a limitation of this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mental Health , Music Therapy , Music , Outpatients , Psychopathology , Recreation , Sample Size , Schizophrenia
12.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 50-58, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the selective deficits of executive function in patients with mild traumatic brain injury that in normal range of general intelligence level and aimed to analysis of the correlation between K-WAIS result and executive function. METHODS: 59 subjects were included in this study, who were diagnosed as mild traumatic brain injury(MTBI) and they have visited in neuropsychiatric department of Wonkwang University Hospital during from March, 2005 to September, 2010. For measurement of general intelligence quotient, the Korean-Wechsler Adults Intelligence Scale(K-WAIS) was administered and for measurement of executive intelligence quotient(EIQ), Executive Intelligence Test(EXIT) was administered. RESULTS: Of patients, 50.8% included at abnormal EIQ group. The patients of abnormal EIQ showed poorer full scale IQ(FIQ), performance IQ(PIQ) and in subscale that picture arrangement, digit symbol, digit span, block design, object assembly and comprehension were significantly different. In terms of relationships between K-WAIS and EIQ, FIQ and PIQ have positive correlation with EIQ. And in subscale, picture arrangement, digit symbol, digit span, block design, object assembly and comprehension show positive correlation with EIQ. CONCLUSION: This study suggest that MTBI patients with have normal range of general intelligence level may have deficit of executive function is common. The decline of FIQ, PIQ and some subscales of K-WAIS may suggest executive dysfunction in MTBI patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Brain , Brain Injuries , Comprehension , Executive Function , Intelligence , Reference Values , Wechsler Scales
13.
Korean Journal of Physical Anthropology ; : 165-176, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-124939

ABSTRACT

Recently, new treatments for human heart disease such as ischemia, infarction, cardiomyopathy, coronary heart disease have been developed. transplantation various kinds of cells from skeletal muscle, endothelium, mesenchyme, hemopoietic tissue to injured area after infarction were challenged. It's so called 'Cell Transplantation'. This therapeutic strategy already adopted and got a good result in clinical trial. But several limitations are still remained, including ethics, donor cell numbers, side effects, therapeutic efficiency. In this research, we investigated the formation of intercellular junction and synchronous contraction between cardiomyocyte and H9c2 cell line in co-culture to establish experimental model in vitro for cell transplantation. For this purpose, two kinds of cells, primary cultured cardiomyocyte and H9c2 (cardiomyoblast cell line) were used. Cultured cardiomyocytes had repetitive contraction-relaxation pattern along longitudinal axis both in single and coculture. But their contractions were slower, less regular, less strong in co-culture than in cardiomyocyte culture only. H9c2 cells did not contracted actively themselves, but moved toward cardiomyocyte passively coincided with contraction. In contact region between two kinds of cells, there was no signal after immunocytochemical staining labeled with connexin43 (gap junction), desmoplakin (desmosome), N-cadherin (adherent junction) even though they had membrane contact. Moreover, F-actin and striation were less developed. These results suggested that co-culture system interfere with remodelling of contractile apparatus, intercellular junction formation as well as contraction-relaxation. Furthermore cardiomyocyte could not induce H9c2 cells differentiation into cardiomyocyte. Therefore, much more research would be essential for clinical application of cell transplantation and this study would be the basic source for further study of new therapy of myocardial disease and building up in vitro model.


Subject(s)
Humans , Actins , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Cadherins , Cardiomyopathies , Cell Count , Cell Line , Cell Transplantation , Coculture Techniques , Connexin 43 , Coronary Disease , Desmoplakins , Endothelium , Ethics , Heart Diseases , Infarction , Intercellular Junctions , Ischemia , Membranes , Mesoderm , Models, Theoretical , Muscle, Skeletal , Myocytes, Cardiac , Tissue Donors , Transplants
14.
Korean Journal of Psychopharmacology ; : 181-187, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51918

ABSTRACT

Marchiafava-Bignami Disease is a rare disorder characterized pathologically by demyelination of the corpus callosum. This disease could be related with chronic alcoholism although a proven etiology has not been reported. Marchiafava-Bignami Disease (MBD) could cause the fatal acute phase symptoms (seizure, coma, and death), various neurological symptoms (tremor, dysarthria, gait disturbance, apraxia), and cognitive impairments (memory impairment, disorientation). It is also reported that MBD causes a dementia. Approximately 250 cases have been reported regarding the MBD since it was first reported in 1903. However, only 20 cases have revealed a favorable prognosis. We found a case of MBD with personality change and chronic alcoholism subsequent to the repeated improvement and aggravation for 4 years. This case is demonstrated a atrophy of splenium of corpus callosum by Magnetic Resonance Imaging. The case also is diagnosed the personality changes, such as emotional irritability, impulsivity, and indignation-expose due to general medical condition, as described in Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorder 4th edition (DSM-IV). However, in early phase this diagnosis did not revealed. The patient was improved in impulse control and behavior by treatment with the Carbamazepine. We investigate the etiology, pathogenesis, symptom &sign, and treatment regarding the MBD in neuropsychiatric aspect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alcoholism , Atrophy , Carbamazepine , Coma , Corpus Callosum , Dementia , Demyelinating Diseases , Diagnosis , Dysarthria , Gait , Impulsive Behavior , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Marchiafava-Bignami Disease , Mental Disorders , Prognosis
15.
Korean Journal of Psychopharmacology ; : 211-221, 2001.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine effects of nefazodone on depression, anxiety, sleep and sexual function in depressive patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is an open, non-comparative, multi-center study. Antidepressant and other clinical effects of nefazodone were evaluated in 230 patients of 26 centers, aged 14 years or more, who met DSM-IV criteria to major depressive disorder or dysthymic disorder and didn't have other psychiatric disorders and were physically healthy. The clinical efficacy was assessed at week 1, 2, 4 and 8 using Clinical Global Improvement (CGI), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State and Trait Anxiety Inventory-State Anxiety (STAI-SA). Other clinical effects were assessed with Weekly Sleep Questionnaire, Sexual Functioning Questionnaire and GHQ-QOL-12, a scale for quality of life. Adverse drug reactions were checked with a questionnaire. Post-treatment effects of drug were compared with pre-treatment baseline condition. RESULTS: The response rates by Clincal Grobal Improvement and HAM-D after 8 weeks treatment were 62.4% and 75.2% respectively. Comparing to baseline, nefazodone was proved to have significantly higher antidepressant and antianxiety effects in depressive patients and it improved also sleep, sexual functions and quality of life. Both patients and physicians satisfied with the effects of drug. Adverse drug reactions were a few and not serious, and most of them disappeared as treatment continued. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that not only nefazodone has antidepressant effects and antianxiety effects, but also it improves sleep disturbance, sexual dysfunction and the quality of life in depressive patients. Adverse drug reactions were a few and not serious.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Anxiety Agents , Anxiety , Depression , Depressive Disorder, Major , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Dysthymic Disorder , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 297-308, 2000.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158456

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was intended to investigate the influences of the perceived stress, dysfunctional attitude, self-efficacy, social support and coping style on maladaptation in the adolescents with substance abuse. Specifically, two models, vulnerability-stress model and social learning model of substance abuse in adolescents were compared for the power to predict substance abusing behaviors and depression. METHODS: To investigate these objects, the semi-structured interview schedule, and scales for the perceived stress, dysfunctional attitude, self-efficacy, social support, coping style, expectation of substance effect, quantity of substance abuse, problems-related substance abuse and BDI were used. One hundred and fifty eight adolescents with substance abuse were asked to reply to them. The data were analyzed by correlation and multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: The results were as follows 1) Among each variables of the adolescents with substance abuse, quantity of substance abuse had significantly high correlation with problems-related substance abuse, quantity of using of substance by friends, perceived stress, avoidant coping, positive expectancy, negative expectancy, self-efficacy. Problems-related substance abuse had significant high positive correlation with perceived stress, positive expectancy, negative expectancy and self-efficacy. Interaction effect of perceived stress, coping style and social support were statistically significant. Main effects of effect of substance abuse were significant. 2) (1) Vulnerability-stress model predicted 16.6% of variances on problems-related substance abuse and social learning model, 18.4%. (2) Vulnerability-stress model predicted 16.9% of variances on quantity of substance abuse and social learning model, 30.5%. 3) Vulnerability-stress model predicted 18.8% of variances on depression and social learning model, 4.7%. CONCLUSIONS: The result of this study indicated that vulnerability-stress model was superior in predicting depression and social learning model was superior in predicting quantity of substance abuse. Two models were equal in problems-related substance abuse.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Appointments and Schedules , Depression , Friends , Learning , Substance-Related Disorders , Weights and Measures
17.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 351-361, 2000.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158452

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate various factors that can mediate stress and response, such as coping style, social support, level of perceived stress, and psychopathology(especially anxiety and depression) of the functional dyspepsia(FD). METHODS: Thirty adults with functional dyspepsia were compared to thirty healthy adults who had visited the hepatobiliary clinic due to non-organic complaints(tiredness and fatigue) without FD, but the results of medical examination were normal. All subjects were evaluated for anxiety and depressive symptoms, perceived stress, coping style and social support. Symptom Checklist-90-Revision, Beck Depression Inventory, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Ways of Coping Checklist, Interpersonal Support Evaluation List, and a self-reporting questionnaire were included to measure the quantity of perceived stressful life events. RESULTS: The FD patients had significantly more symptoms of depression, more perceived stressful life events, demonstrated less problem-focused coping, and less social support than the control subjects. Depressive symptoms of the FD patients were negatively correlated with interpersonal support and were positively correlated with trait anxiety, whereas, problem-focused coping were positively correlated with interpersonal support. The two groups did not differ significantly in terms of anxiety and emotion-focused coping. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that FD patients need to be evaluated for psychiatric problems, and might benefit from psychiatric treatment with psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological modalities.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Anxiety , Checklist , Depression , Dyspepsia , Life Change Events , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 463-469, 2000.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42434

ABSTRACT

The authors reported a case of clozapine-induced agranulocytosis that combined with serious complications in a 37-years-old male patient with chronic schizophrenia. Clozapine-induced agranulocytosis developed on Day 51 of clozapine treatment. The patient was transferred to hematologic department and then treated by massive antibiotics in aseptic room. After the injection of G-CSF, WBC count increased to the normal range. But the day after the normalization of WBC count, patient's general condition was worsened with fever and mild rigidity, and also CK, LDH, BUN/Cr, and LFT was increased. The patient's elevated laboratory findings with those of physical signs and symptoms suggested the neuroleptic malignant syndrome and acute renal failure. Eventually steroid was administered to the patient, and then patient's general condition and laboratory findings were normalized. We suggest that the identification of risk factors and careful regular blood monitoring is the best method for the prevention of clozapine-induced agranulocytosis. After the onset of clozapine-induced agranulocytosis, clozapine should be discontinued immediately and proper antibiotic therapy with administration of G-CSF should be done, as soon as possible. And we emphasize the importance of the education and the establishment of therapeutic relationship with patients and their family also.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Acute Kidney Injury , Agranulocytosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Clozapine , Education , Fever , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome , Reference Values , Risk Factors , Schizophrenia
19.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 234-239, 2000.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104086

ABSTRACT

It has been known that clozapine treatment combining with cytotoxic antitumor therapy for schizophrenia is not recommended because both durgs have agranulocytosis as their side effect. Since the introduction of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor(G-CSF), it has been used to treat agranulocytosis or granulocytopenia associated with antitumor chemotherapy or clozapine. We report a case with schizophrenia on clozapine treatment who developed agranulocytosis following combined cytotoxic chemotherapy for a sex-cord stromal tumor which was successfully treated with G-CSF. The hematological status before combining with antitumor chemotherapy had been within normal range, and agranulocytosis following the antitumor chemotherapy returned to normal after treatment with G-CSF. This suggests that clozapine could be administered in combination with cytotoxic antitumor agents if the following indications are met : normal hematological status before starting antitumor chemotherapy, carefully monitoring hematological status by oncologist and psychiatrist, and prepared G-CSF administration when agranulocytosis is anticipated.


Subject(s)
Agranulocytosis , Antineoplastic Agents , Clozapine , Drug Therapy , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Granulocytes , Psychiatry , Reference Values , Schizophrenia
20.
Journal of the Korean Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 69-75, 1999.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725724

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Psychology
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