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Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 254-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971133


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm(BPDCN).@*METHODS@#The clinical features, bone marrow morphology and immunophenotyping, treatment and prognosis of 4 patients with BPDCN were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#4 patients had bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes involvement, 2 patients had skin lesions, and 3 patients had central nervous system infiltration. Tailing phenomenon of abnormally cells could be seen in bone marrow. The immunophenotyping showed that CD56, CD4 and CD123 expression was observed in 4 patients, and CD304 in 3 patients. One patient refused chemotherapy and died early. Both patients achieved complete remission after the initial treatment with DA+VP regimen, 1 of them achieved complete remission after recurrence by using the same regimen again. One patient failed to respond to reduced dose of DA+VP chemotherapy, and then achieved complete remission with venetoclax+azacitidine.@*CONCLUSION@#The malignant cells in BPDCN patients often infiltrate bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes, and have specical phenotypes, with poor prognosis. The treatment should take into account both myeloid and lymphatic systems. The treatment containing new drugs such as BCL-2 inhibitors combined with demethylation drugs is worth trying.

Humans , Dendritic Cells , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow/pathology , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 26-31, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4

Humans , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 111-116, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011937


Objective: To explore the effect of combination regimen of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI regimen) on minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who were in hematologic remission but MRD-positive. Methods: Eighteen patients (17 from Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University and 1 from the First People's Hospital of Pingdingshan City) with AML admitted from July 2016 to June 2018, who were in hematologic remission but MRD-positive were treated with different doses of ITI regimen, and the MRD levels were monitored. Results: Among 18 patients who received a conventional dose of ITI regimen for 1 to 2 months, 7 patients had undetectable MRD, 3 had significant decrease in MRD levels, 3 had elevated MRD level and had hematologic recurrence. Three patients with elevated MRD level received a higher dose of ITI regimen, 2 of them turned to MRD negative and the other 1 patient had decreased MRD level. The total response rate was 72.2%, and the response rate in patients with MRD > 1.0% was 57.1% (4/7) , and that of patients with MRD < 1.0% was 81.8% (9/11) , respectively. Conclusion: The ITI regimen can reduce the MRD level of patient with AML who are in hematologic remission but MRD-positive. The therapeutic effect could be improved by a higher dose administration of ITI regimen, and therapeutic effect may be negatively correlated with MRD level before treatment.

Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Flow Cytometry , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Thalidomide
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2008-2012, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240756


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Optic nerve injury, caused by retinal and optic nerve diseases, can eventually result in vision loss. To date, few effective treatments have been discovered to restore visual function. Previous studies showed that recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) has a neuroprotective effect on the central nervous system, particularly in nerve injury. In this study, we investigated the effects of rhEPO on axonal regeneration and functional restoration following optic nerve injury. This was done by measuring the expression of growth associated protein 43 (GAP-43), a marker for neuronal regeneration, on the retina and flash-visual evoked potential (F-VEP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adult Wistar rats were randomly assigned to rhEPO and control (saline) groups. Optic nerve crush injury models were established and rhEPO or saline were immediately injected into the vitreous cavity. The expression of GAP-43 was detected by immunohistochemistry and the F-VEP was measured pre-injury, immediately after injury, 1 week and 2 weeks post-injury.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No detectable staining for GAP-43 was observed in normal retina. In the control group, the level of GAP-43 expression was higher at 1 week post-injury, but decreased at 2 weeks. In the rhEPO group, the level of GAP-43 expression was notably higher at both 1 week and 2 weeks. At each time point post-injury, the expression of GAP-43 in rhEPO group was significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.05). Obvious changes in F-VEP examination were detected immediately after optic nerve injury, including significantly prolonged latency and decreased amplitude of the P1 wave. In the control group, the changes were still obvious at 1 week. The latency was decreased and the amplitude had slightly recovered to 28.23% of the normal value at 2 weeks. In rhEPO group, there was significantly more recovery than the control group at 1 week and 2 weeks post-injury (P < 0.05). The latency most close to the normal level and the amplitude had recovered to 65.51% of the normal value at 2 weeks.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>rhEPO can prolong the expression of GAP-43 and increase its intensity after optic nerve injury, thereby promoting neural repair and axonal regeneration. Under the protection of rhEPO, the conduction velocity of the optic nerve recovered significantly. Therefore, rhEPO has neuroprotective effects on the optic nerve and promotes functional restoration of the optic nerve.</p>

Animals , Humans , Rats , Erythropoietin , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Evoked Potentials, Visual , GAP-43 Protein , Metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Optic Nerve , Optic Nerve Injuries , Drug Therapy , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Recombinant Proteins , Retina , Metabolism
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 251-252, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337598


In order to determine the curative effect of small dose heparin for treatment of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (CITP), a total of 12 CITP patients, who were failed with prednisone and immunosuppressants over 6 months, had been treated with subcutaneous injection of small dose heparin. The curative effects were seen in 8 patients and there were no exacerbation of hemorrhage during the therapy. The results showed that it is effective and safe to use this treatment for CITP.

Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anticoagulants , Therapeutic Uses , Chronic Disease , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Heparin , Therapeutic Uses , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Prothrombin Time , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Drug Therapy , Thrombin Time , Treatment Outcome , Whole Blood Coagulation Time