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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913850

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study examined the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in South Korean children and adolescents by gender and age and analyzed gender-specific factors associated with MetS. @*Methods@#This study used data on children aged 10~18 from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2010 to 2015. Analyses included descriptive statistics, the independent t-test, the x2 test, and univariate logistic regression analysis (p<.050). @*Results@#The prevalence of MetS was 4.8% in boys and 3.4% in girls. The prevalence was higher in girls up to the age of 12, but higher in boys who were 13 or older. Abdominal obesity was frequent in girls, whereas low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and elevated blood pressure were more common in boys. Higher body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, waist circumference, blood pressure, triglycerides, HDL-C, perceived "fat" body shape, and weight loss efforts were associated with MetS in both genders. Increasing age, having one meal per day, and weight maintenance were associated factors unique to boys. Fasting plasma glucose, familial medical history of low HDL-C, and perceived "thin" body shape were associated factors in girls. @*Conclusion@#Gender and age differences should be considered in the risk assessment and prevention of MetS.

2.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831550

ABSTRACT

Background@#β-blockers (BBs) are considered primary therapy in stable heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) without atrial fibrillation (AF); evidence-based benefits of BB on outcome have been documented. However, BBs have not been shown to improve mortality or reduce hospital admissions in HF patients with AF. This study assessed the relationship between BBs at discharge and relevant clinical outcomes in acute heart failure (AHF) patients with AF. @*Methods@#From the Korean Acute Heart Failure Registry, 936 HFrEF and 639 HF patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and AF were selected. Propensity score (PS) matching accounted for BB selection bias when assessing associations. @*Results@#BB-untreated patients in the overall cohort of HFrEF and HFpEF had greater deteriorated clinical and laboratory characteristics. In the 670 PS-matched cohort of HFrEF patients, incidences of all clinical events at 60 days and 1 year were not different according to use of BBs. In the 470 PS-matched cohort of HFpEF, rehospitalization and composite outcome at 6 months and 1 year more frequently occurred in non-users of BBs. After adjusting for covariates in the multivariable Cox model of matched cohorts, BB was not associated with clinical outcomes at 60 days and 1 year in HFrEF with AF patients. In HFpEF patients with AF, BB use was associated with reduced 6-month (hazard ratio [HR], 0.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.20–0.74) and 1-year rehospitalization (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.34–0.82). @*Conclusion@#In the HFrEF with AF PS-matched cohort, the use of BBs at discharge was not associated with clinical outcome. However, in HFpEF with AF, the use of BB was associated with reduced rehospitalization during the 6-month and 1-year follow up.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 467-473, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742558

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the nationwide rate of acute postoperative endophthalmitis (APE) after cataract extraction in Korea and to evaluate potential risk factors thereof. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nationwide insurance claims data from July 2014 to June 2017 were reviewed. All patients with phacoemulsification or extracapsular/intracapsular cataract extraction were included. Exclusion criteria were combined glaucoma surgery or total vitrectomy or when the patient had a history of intraocular foreign body. RESULTS: In total, 1505103 cases (982203 patients) were included. APE developed in 953 cases (938 patients) with an overall incidence of 0.063%. After adjusting for possible confounding factors, male sex [odds ratio (OR) 1.42; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.25–1.61; p<0.001], primary clinical setting, operations performed in non-major cities, usage of sutures (OR 2.82; 95% CI 2.13–3.74; p<0.001), anterior vitrectomy (OR 8.71; 95% CI 6.71–11.32; p<0.001), aphakic cataract surgery (OR 1.52; 95% CI 1.03–2.22; p=0.033), hypertension (OR 1.40; 95% CI 1.18–1.66; p<0.001), diabetes (OR 1.59; 95% CI 1.31–1.93; p<0.001), and chronic renal failure (OR 1.28; 95% CI 1.01–1.62; p=0.039) were found to be related to APE development. CONCLUSION: The incidence of APE after cataract extraction was consistent with reports from other studies. Additional research is needed to determine the relationship of newly found risk factors, such as hypertension, primary clinical setting, chronic renal failure, and usage of suturing, with APE development.


Subject(s)
Cataract Extraction , Cataract , Endophthalmitis , Foreign Bodies , Glaucoma , Hominidae , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Insurance , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Korea , Male , Phacoemulsification , Risk Factors , Sutures , Vitrectomy
4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 982-988, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717930

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Organophosphates, commonly used in agricultural pesticides, pose high risks and incidences of poisoning. In the present study, we investigated the relative risk and clinical severity, including laboratory results, of non-oral route poisoning (NORP) patients, compared to oral route poisoning (ORP) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single institutional toxicology database registry was utilized to gain information on clinical laboratory results on organophosphate poisoning patients who visited the emergency department (ED) between January 2000 and October 2016. Clinical outcomes, such as mortality and complication rates, were compared using 1:2 propensity score matching in the total cohort. RESULTS: Among a total of 273 patients in our study, 34 experienced NORP. After 1:2 propensity score matching, rates of respiratory complications and mortality were higher in the ORP group than in the NORP group. However, there was no difference in hospitalization time and time spent in the intensive care unit between the two groups. Compared with ORP patients after matching, the relative risk of mortality in NORP patients was 0.34, and the risk of respiratory distress was 0.47. The mean level of pseudocholinesterase was significantly higher in the NORP group than in the ORP group, while recovery rates were similar between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Although the majority of NORP patients were admitted to the ED with unintentional poisoning and the relative risk of NORP was lower than that for ORP, we concluded that NORP is as critical as ORP. Considerable medical observation and intensive therapeutic approaches are also needed for NORP patients.


Subject(s)
Cholinesterases , Cohort Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Intensive Care Units , Mortality , Organophosphate Poisoning , Organophosphates , Pesticides , Poisoning , Propensity Score , Butyrylcholinesterase , Toxicology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719120

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence supports interplay between aldosterone and parathyroid hormone (PTH), which may aggravate cardiovascular complications in various heart diseases. Negative structural cardiovascular remodeling by primary aldosteronism (PA) is also suspected to be associated with changes in calcium levels. However, to date, few clinical studies have examined how changes in calcium and PTH levels influence cardiovascular outcomes in PA patients. Therefore, we investigated the impact of altered calcium homeostasis caused by excessive aldosterone on cardiovascular parameters in patients with PA. METHODS: Forty-two patients (mean age 48.8±10.9 years; 1:1, male:female) whose plasma aldosterone concentration/plasma renin activity ratio was more than 30 were selected among those who had visited Severance Hospital from 2010 to 2014. All patients underwent adrenal venous sampling with complete access to both adrenal veins. RESULTS: The prevalence of unilateral adrenal adenoma (54.8%) was similar to that of bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. Mean serum corrected calcium level was 8.9±0.3 mg/dL (range, 8.3 to 9.9). The corrected calcium level had a negative linear correlation with left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD, ρ=−0.424, P=0.031). Moreover, multivariable regression analysis showed that the corrected calcium level was marginally associated with the LVEDD and corrected QT (QTc) interval (β=−0.366, P=0.068 and β=−0.252, P=0.070, respectively). CONCLUSION: Aldosterone-mediated hypercalciuria and subsequent hypocalcemia may be partly involved in the development of cardiac remodeling as well as a prolonged QTc interval, in subjects with PA, thereby triggering deleterious effects on target organs additively.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Aldosterone , Calcium , Heart Diseases , Homeostasis , Humans , Hyperaldosteronism , Hypercalciuria , Hyperplasia , Hypocalcemia , Metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , Plasma , Prevalence , Renin , Veins
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136745

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate differences in clinical features, blood/urinary findings, and prognosis in different age groups of patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: A total of 469 patients with HSP were analyzed retrospectively from June 2003 to February 2016. We classified patients into child or adult groups based on their age. RESULTS: The adult group had more patients with anemia (child vs. adult; 7.5% vs. 16.4%), and higher immunoglobulin A (IgA) (30.0% vs. 50.0%) levels, C-reactive protein (34.2% vs. 54.0%) and uric acid (3.1% vs. 12.1%) levels than the child group. The child group was highly positive for Mycoplasma pneumoniae immunoglobulin M (IgM) (34.4%). More patients in the child group presented with high levels of antistreptolysin O (24.7% vs. 2.9%) and high C4 (11.5% vs. 4.2%). Low C3 (1.1% vs. 10.2%) levels, and renal involvement with gross hematuria (8.6% vs. 21.5%), nonnephrotic proteinuria (1.1% vs. 11.2%), and nephrotic syndrome (1.1% vs. 6.0%) were common in the adult group. Adults also had poorer renal outcomes [persistent hematuria/proteinuria (10.5% vs. 32.8%), and chronic kidney disease (0% vs. 11.2%)] than the child group. Risk factors for renal involvement such as older age and higher level of uric acid were only found in the child group. The risk factors for poor renal outcome were nephrotic syndrome in the child group and gross hematuria in the adult group. CONCLUSION: In this study, child and adult groups presented with different clinical manifestations of HSP. We found that risk factors for renal involvement included age and high uric acid level in the child group. Moreover, nephrotic syndrome in the child group and gross hematuria in the adult group increased the risk of poor renal outcome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anemia , Antistreptolysin , C-Reactive Protein , Child , Hematuria , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin M , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Nephrotic Syndrome , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Prognosis , Proteinuria , Purpura , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Uric Acid
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136740

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate differences in clinical features, blood/urinary findings, and prognosis in different age groups of patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: A total of 469 patients with HSP were analyzed retrospectively from June 2003 to February 2016. We classified patients into child or adult groups based on their age. RESULTS: The adult group had more patients with anemia (child vs. adult; 7.5% vs. 16.4%), and higher immunoglobulin A (IgA) (30.0% vs. 50.0%) levels, C-reactive protein (34.2% vs. 54.0%) and uric acid (3.1% vs. 12.1%) levels than the child group. The child group was highly positive for Mycoplasma pneumoniae immunoglobulin M (IgM) (34.4%). More patients in the child group presented with high levels of antistreptolysin O (24.7% vs. 2.9%) and high C4 (11.5% vs. 4.2%). Low C3 (1.1% vs. 10.2%) levels, and renal involvement with gross hematuria (8.6% vs. 21.5%), nonnephrotic proteinuria (1.1% vs. 11.2%), and nephrotic syndrome (1.1% vs. 6.0%) were common in the adult group. Adults also had poorer renal outcomes [persistent hematuria/proteinuria (10.5% vs. 32.8%), and chronic kidney disease (0% vs. 11.2%)] than the child group. Risk factors for renal involvement such as older age and higher level of uric acid were only found in the child group. The risk factors for poor renal outcome were nephrotic syndrome in the child group and gross hematuria in the adult group. CONCLUSION: In this study, child and adult groups presented with different clinical manifestations of HSP. We found that risk factors for renal involvement included age and high uric acid level in the child group. Moreover, nephrotic syndrome in the child group and gross hematuria in the adult group increased the risk of poor renal outcome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anemia , Antistreptolysin , C-Reactive Protein , Child , Hematuria , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin M , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Nephrotic Syndrome , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Prognosis , Proteinuria , Purpura , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Uric Acid
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