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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915751

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a clinically heterogeneous syndrome characterized by compromised peristalsis and intestinal obstruction. Variants of actin gamma 2 (ACTG2), a protein crucial for correct enteric muscle contraction, have been found in CIPO patients. The aim of this study is to examine the clinical features and ACTG2 variants in Korean patients with CIPO. @*Methods@#From January 1995 to August 2020, 12 patients diagnosed with CIPO were included and genetic analysis testing of ACTG2 was performed. @*Results@#Heterozygous ACTG2 missense variants were found in 6 patients (50.0%). The p.Arg257Cys variant was found in 3 patients, and p.Arg63Gln and p.Arg178His variants were found in 1 patient each. A novel variant, p.Ile193Phe, was found in 1 patient. Three patients were diagnosed at birth, 2 at the age of 1 year, and 1 at 3 years of age. Abnormal prenatal genitourinary ultrasonographic findings were found in all 6 patients; microcolon was found in 4 patients (66.7%), and megacystis in all 6 patients. The pathology showed abnormal ganglion cells as well as myopathic findings. All patients are dependent on total parenteral nutrition and are to date alive. @*Conclusions@#ACTG2 variants are commonly found in Korean patients with CIPO. In CIPO patients with megacystis and abnormal prenatal ultrasonography, genetic testing of ACTG2 should be considered. Molecular diagnosis of CIPO is more important than pathologic diagnosis.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760861

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) is directly related to growth and has a high probability of requiring surgical intervention(s); therefore, more active treatment for CD is required for children. This study investigated the impact of biologics on growth and disease course associated with surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study involving patients diagnosed with CD at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital (Seoul, Korea) between January 2006 and October 2017. The aim was to determine the characteristics of pediatric patients with CD and whether biologics affected growth and the surgical disease course. RESULTS: Among patients who underwent surgery for CD, the mean number of operations per patient was 1.89. The mean time from initial diagnosis to surgery was 19.3 months. The most common procedure was fistulectomy (34%), followed by incision and drainage (25%). In all patients, the use of biologics increased the height (p=0.002) and body mass index (BMI) (p=0.005). Among patients who underwent surgery, height (p=0.004) and BMI (p=0.048) were increased in the group using biologics. Patients who used biologics exhibited a low operation rate only within 2 years after diagnosis, with no differences thereafter (p=0.027). CONCLUSION: Although biologics could not mitigate the operation rate in pediatric patients who underwent surgery for CD, biological therapy delayed disease progression within 2 years of disease onset. Additionally, biologics conferred growth and BMI benefits in this window period. Therefore, it may be helpful to use biologics for optimal growth in pediatric patients with a high probability of undergoing future surgery.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Biological Therapy , Body Mass Index , Child , Cohort Studies , Crohn Disease , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Drainage , Humans , Infliximab , Retrospective Studies , Seoul
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741823

ABSTRACT

Benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC), a rare cause of cholestasis, is characterized by recurrent episodes of cholestasis without permanent liver damage. BRIC type 2 (BRIC2) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by ABCB11 mutations. A 6-year-old girl had recurrent episodes of jaundice. At two months of age, jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly developed. Liver function tests showed cholestatic hepatitis. A liver biopsy revealed diffuse giant cell transformation, bile duct paucity, intracytoplasmic cholestasis, and periportal fibrosis. An ABCB11 gene study revealed novel compound heterozygous mutations, including c.2075+3A>G in IVS17 and p.R1221K. Liver function test results were normal at 12 months of age. At six years of age, steatorrhea, jaundice, and pruritus developed. Liver function tests improved following administration of phenylbutyrate and rifampicin. Her younger brother developed jaundice at two months of age and his genetic tests revealed the same mutations as his sister. This is the first report of BRIC2 confirmed by ABCB11 mutations in Korean siblings.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Biopsy , Child , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Female , Fibrosis , Giant Cells , Hepatitis , Humans , Jaundice , Liver , Liver Function Tests , Pruritus , Rifampin , Siblings , Steatorrhea
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65812

ABSTRACT

A genomic instability called chromothripsis occurs as a single catastrophic event, generating massive complex genomic rearrangement with a possible characteristic pattern of copy number oscillations. Here, we report a case of secondary plasma cell leukaemia (PCL) showing chromothripsis identified by single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A)-based karyotyping. A 53-year-old male patient was diagnosed as having secondary PCL four years after he was diagnosed with multiple myeloma, and he died four days later due to intracerebral haemorrhage. Chromosomal analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed the deletions of 13q and 17p and an insertion of 1q. Further, genomic aberrations that were not detected by chromosomal analysis and FISH were identified by SNP-A. In particular, SNP-A revealed numerous alternating copy number state switches involving one, two, or three copy number states on chromosome 7q, suggesting the presence of chromothripsis. The present case suggests that chromothripsis may occur in secondary PCL and can be inferred from genomic copy number profiles identified by SNP-A.


Subject(s)
Fluorescence , Genomic Instability , Humans , In Situ Hybridization , Karyotyping , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Plasma Cells , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
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