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1.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 201-209, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002491

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study evaluated the diagnostic yield and positive predictive factors of post-percutaneous core needle biopsy (PCNB) sputum cytology in diagnosing malignancy. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included patients who underwent PCNB at a single center from January 2014 to March 2022. Patient demographics, lung lesion characteristics on computed tomography, underlying lung disease, post-PCNB complications, histopathologic results of PCNB, post-PCNB sputum specimens, and final diagnoses were reviewed. The diagnostic yields and related factors were analyzed. @*Results@#Overall, 177 consecutive patients with sputum specimens obtained after PCNB for intrapulmonary lesions were enrolled. Among them, 152 patients had a final diagnosis of malignancy. Diagnostic sputum specimens with atypical or malignant cells were obtained in 12 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of sputum cytology were 7.89%, 100%, 20.90%, 100%, and 15.15%, respectively. Lesion size, air-bronchogram, lesion multiplicity, and the cell type of squamous cell and adenocarcinoma differed significantly between the groups with diagnostic versus non-diagnostic sputum (p<0.05). The lesion size (odds ratio [OR], 1.035; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.008–1.064; p=0.013), presence of air-bronchogram (OR, 23.485; 95% CI, 2.532–217.316; p=0.005), and squamous cell carcinoma (OR, 7.397; 95% CI, 1.773–30.865; p=0.006) were significantly associated with a diagnostic sputum specimen post-PCNB. @*Conclusions@#Although post-PCNB sputum cytology had low sensitivity in diagnosing lung cancer, it showed diagnostic results in some peripheral lung cancer patients who have squamous cell types, relatively large tumors, and air-bronchograms in the lesions.

2.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 61-69, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904075

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Polarization sensitive-optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) provides the unique advantage of being able to measure the optical characteristics of tissues by using polarized light. Although the well-organized fibers of healthy muscle can change the polarization states of passing light, damaged tissue has different behaviors. There are studies on optical imaging methods applied to the respiratory organs; however, they are restricted to structural imaging. In particular, the intercostal muscle situated under the pleura is very challenging to visualize due to the difficulty of access.METHOD: In this study, PS-OCT was used to identify subpleural cancer in male New Zealand white rabbits (3.2–3.4 kg) and to assess the phase retardation changes in normal and cancerous chest walls. VX2 cell suspension was injected between the intercostal muscle and parietal pleura and a tented area was observed by thoracic scope. A group of rabbits (n = 3) were sacrificed at day 7 after injection and another group (n = 3) at day 14. @*RESULTS@#In the PS-OCT images, pleura thickness changes and muscle damage were criteria to understand the stages of the disease. The results of image and phase retardation analysis matched well with the pathologic examinations. @*CONCLUSION@#We were able to visualize and analyze subpleural cancer by PS-OCT, which provided structural and functional information. The measured phase retardation could help to identify the margin of the tumor. For further studies, various approaches into other diseases using polarization light are expected to have positive results.

3.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 380-387, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915798

ABSTRACT

Background@#Papillary breast lesions (PBLs) comprise diverse entities from benign and atypical lesions to malignant tumors. Although PBLs are characterized by a papillary growth pattern, it is challenging to achieve high diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility. Thus, we investigated the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs in core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens with World Health Organization (WHO) classification. @*Methods@#Diagnostic reproducibility was assessed using interobserver variability (kappa value, κ) and agreement rate in the pathologic diagnosis of 60 PBL cases on CNB among 20 breast pathologists affiliated with 20 medical institutions in Korea. This analysis was performed using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for cytokeratin 5 (CK5) and p63. The pathologic diagnosis of PBLs was based on WHO classification, which was used to establish simple classifications (4-tier, 3-tier, and 2-tier). @*Results@#On WHO classification, H&E staining exhibited ‘fair agreement’ (κ = 0.21) with a 47.0% agreement rate. Simple classifications presented improvement in interobserver variability and agreement rate. IHC staining increased the kappa value and agreement rate in all the classifications. Despite IHC staining, the encapsulated/solid papillary carcinoma (EPC/SPC) subgroup (κ = 0.16) exhibited lower agreement compared to the non-EPC/SPC subgroup (κ = 0.35) with WHO classification, which was similar to the results of any other classification systems. @*Conclusions@#Although the use of IHC staining for CK5 and p63 increased the diagnostic agreement of PBLs in CNB specimens, WHO classification exhibited a higher discordance rate compared to any other classifications. Therefore, this result warrants further intensive consensus studies to improve the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs with WHO classification.

4.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 61-69, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Polarization sensitive-optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) provides the unique advantage of being able to measure the optical characteristics of tissues by using polarized light. Although the well-organized fibers of healthy muscle can change the polarization states of passing light, damaged tissue has different behaviors. There are studies on optical imaging methods applied to the respiratory organs; however, they are restricted to structural imaging. In particular, the intercostal muscle situated under the pleura is very challenging to visualize due to the difficulty of access.METHOD: In this study, PS-OCT was used to identify subpleural cancer in male New Zealand white rabbits (3.2–3.4 kg) and to assess the phase retardation changes in normal and cancerous chest walls. VX2 cell suspension was injected between the intercostal muscle and parietal pleura and a tented area was observed by thoracic scope. A group of rabbits (n = 3) were sacrificed at day 7 after injection and another group (n = 3) at day 14. @*RESULTS@#In the PS-OCT images, pleura thickness changes and muscle damage were criteria to understand the stages of the disease. The results of image and phase retardation analysis matched well with the pathologic examinations. @*CONCLUSION@#We were able to visualize and analyze subpleural cancer by PS-OCT, which provided structural and functional information. The measured phase retardation could help to identify the margin of the tumor. For further studies, various approaches into other diseases using polarization light are expected to have positive results.

5.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 145-153, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874897

ABSTRACT

A 57-year-old man with left flank pain was referred to our institute. Computed tomography scans revealed two enhancing masses in the left kidney. The clinical diagnosis was renal cell carcinoma (RCC). He underwent a radical nephrectomy with an adrenalectomy. Two well-circumscribed solid masses in the hilum and the lower pole (4.5 × 3.5 cm and 7.0 × 4.1 cm) were present. Poorly cohesive uniform round to polygonal epithelioid cells making solid sheets accounted for most of the tumor area. The initial diagnosis was RCC, undifferentiated with rhabdoid features. As the tumor showed loss of INI1 expression and a mutation in the SMARCB1 gene on chromosome 22, the revised diagnosis was a malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) of the kidney. To date, only a few cases of renal MRT in adults have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of MRT in the native kidney of an adult demonstrating a SMARCB1 gene mutation, a hallmark of MRT.

6.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 941-951, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919365

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We aimed to validate a pilot study of photodiagnosis using near infrared (NIR) transillumination and assess the clinical efficacy of hypericin-mediated photodynamic therapy (HYP-PDT) in a rabbit laryngeal cancer model in order to develop a novel therapeutic modality with complete remission and preservation of the functional organ. @*METHODS@#(1) In vitro study: VX tumor cells were subcultured and subjected to HYP-PDT. (2) In vivo study: A laryngeal cancer model was developed in which 12 rabbits were inoculated with a VX tumor suspension in the submucosal area of the left vocal fold using a transoral approach. All rabbits underwent NIR transillumination using light with a wavelength of 780 nm. The survival periods of the three treatment groups (6 rabbits in Group A: HYP-PDT, 3 each in Groups B and C: laser irradiation or HYP administration only) were analyzed. @*RESULTS@#The higher the HYP concentration, the lower the VX cell viability in response to HYP-PDT using 590 nm LED. Following HYP-PDT, small tumors in Group A-1 rabbits healed completely and the animals demonstrated a long survival period, and larger tumors in Group A-2 healed partially with a survival period that extended over 3 weeks after inoculation. The survival of Groups B and C were not different over the first 3 weeks of the study, and were shorter than in Group A. @*CONCLUSION@#We found HYP-PDT could be a curative therapy for early-stage cancers that may also preserve organ function, and may inhibit tumor progression and metastasis during advanced stages of laryngeal cancer.

7.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 318-327, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832255

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Liver biopsy (LB) remains the gold standard for the evaluation of liver disease. However, over the past two decades, many noninvasive tests have been developed and utilized in clinical practice as alternatives to LB. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical use and safety of LB in the era of noninvasive assessment of liver fibrosis. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 1,944 consecutive cases of LB performed between 2001 and 2018 in a tertiary hospital. All of the LBs were conducted under ultrasonography guidance with 18-gauge cutting needles. @*Results@#LBs were performed an average of approximately 108 times per year during the study period. Chronic hepatitis B (25.3%) and suspected malignancy (20.5%) were the two most common indications for LB. The use of LB for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease increased from 8.1% to 17.2% in the past 5 years compared to the last 10 years, while that for viral hepatitis decreased from 40.3% to 18.9%. Discordance rate between the suspected diagnosis and the final diagnosis was 2.6% (51 cases). The overall rate of major adverse events was 0.05% (one case), which involved delayed bleeding at the biopsy site. Liver cirrhosis was observed in 563 cases (28.9%), and the presence of cirrhosis did not affect the frequency of complications (P=0.289). @*Conclusions@#LB is widely used in clinical practice as an irreplaceable diagnostic tool, even in the era of noninvasiveness. Ultrasonography-guided LB can be performed safely in patients with liver cirrhosis.

8.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 326-335, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764259

ABSTRACT

Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare, soft tissue neoplasm that rarely presents in breast tissue, with only 27 previously reported cases. To our knowledge, only one case of malignant SFT has been reported in the English literature. A 75-year-old Caucasian woman presented to our institution with a 3-month history of a palpable left breast mass. No other symptoms, including nipple discharge or skin changes, were noted. She underwent 3 previous biopsies for right breast masses, all of which were benign, with no evidence of spindle cell neoplasm, atypical hyperplasia, or malignancy. Microscopic examination of the mass demonstrated a classic area of SFT with areas of high-grade anaplastic component. In these areas, the tumor showed atypical epithelioid cells arranged in hypercellular sheets with diminished branching vasculature, nuclear pleomorphism, and increased mitotic count (up to 9/10 high-power fields). This case represents the second case of malignant SFT in the breast.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Biopsy , Breast , Epithelioid Cells , Hemangiopericytoma , Hyperplasia , Nipples , Skin , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Solitary Fibrous Tumors
10.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 378-385, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741202

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) mutations are frequently reported in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC); however, very few studies have evaluated the role of these mutations in other renal cell carcinoma (RCC) subtypes. Therefore, we analyzed BAP1 protein expression using immunohistochemistry in several RCC subtypes and assessed its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of patients. METHODS: BAP1 expression was immunohistochemically evaluated in tissue microarray blocks constructed from 371 samples of RCC collected from two medical institutions. BAP1 expression was evaluated based on the extent of nuclear staining in tumor cells, and no expression or expression in < 10% of tumor cells was defined as negative. RESULTS: Loss of BAP1 expression was observed in ccRCC (56/300, 18.7%), chromophobe RCC (6/26, 23.1%), and clear cell papillary RCC (1/4, 25%), while we failed to detect BAP1 expression loss in papillary RCC, acquired cystic disease-associated RCC, or collecting duct carcinoma. In ccRCC, loss of BAP1 expression was significantly associated with high World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade (p = .002); however, no significant correlation was observed between loss of BAP1 expression and survival in ccRCC. Loss of BAP1 expression showed no association with prognostic factors in chromophobe RCC. CONCLUSIONS: Loss of BAP1 nuclear expression was observed in both ccRCC and chromophobe RCC. In addition, BAP1 expression loss was associated with poor prognostic factors such as high WHO/ISUP grade in ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Immunohistochemistry , Pathology , World Health Organization
11.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 103-106, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758505

ABSTRACT

Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TO) is a rare idiopathic tracheobronchial abnormality characterized by diffuse cartilaginous and osseous nodules protruding into the airway lumen of the trachea and bronchus. TO is easy to misdiagnose because of nonspecific symptoms and chest CT scan with pathologic biopsy is necessary for definitive diagnosis. We report two cases of patient with TO who underwent laryngomicroscopic biopsy and tracheostomy with literature review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Bronchi , Diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Trachea , Tracheostomy
12.
The Malaysian Journal of Pathology ; : 327-330, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732117

ABSTRACT

Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas is considered a low-malignant neoplasm witha good prognosis. However, 5% to 15% of patients with SPNs develop metastatic disease, mostcommonly in the liver. Metastatic hepatic malignancies that show pseudocystic features are rare.Here we describe the case of a middle-aged female with a cystic liver metastasis from SPN. To thebest of our knowledge, SPN with a single cystic liver metastasis has not been described, althoughthese tumours frequently undergo haemorrhagic-cystic degeneration. Thus, in these patients themarked cystic change could be misinterpreted as a benign lesion.

13.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 599-603, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651632

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Various methods to induce tracheal stenosis in an animal model have been introduced. However, most methods use non-physiologic mechanical or chemical injury to tracheal mucosa or cartilage. In this study, we sought to develop an animal model of tracheal stenosis using a segmented endotracheal tube. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Nine New Zealand White Rabbits were included in this feasibility study. A segmented 1.5 cm LEVIN-Tube (16 French) was inserted into tracheal lumen via tracheotomy site and fixed with a nylon tape circumferentially tied around the trachea. The tube was removed transorally one week later and the tracheal lumen was observed with bronchoscopy every week. Rabbits were sacrificed two weeks after the tube removal and the trachea was evaluated with histologic image. Three rabbits underwent tracheotomy and closure only to evaluate possible impact of tracheotomy procedure to tracheal stenosis (sham surgery). RESULTS: None of the 6 rabbits showed significant complications or death during the study. No significant change of tracheal lumen was identified in 3 sham models. The mean grade of stenosis was 57.2±9.9% (range, 43-70%). Histologic image showed thickening and fibrosis of lamina propria with relatively intact tracheal cartilage framework. CONCLUSION: We developed an animal model of tracheal stenosis using a segmented endotracheal tube fixed with a nylon tape. Since this model has similar pathophysiology to prolonged endotracheal intubation, it may be used in various studies related to tracheal stenosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Bronchoscopy , Cartilage , Constriction, Pathologic , Feasibility Studies , Fibrosis , Intubation, Intratracheal , Methods , Models, Animal , Mucous Membrane , Nylons , Trachea , Tracheal Stenosis , Tracheotomy
14.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 340-340, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126231

ABSTRACT

This article was initially published on the Journal of Breast Cancer with a misspelled name of the first author. His name should be corrected as "Yoonseok Kim".

15.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 419-425, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53511

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The 2004 World Health Organization classification introduced atypical pituitary adenoma (aPA), which was equivocally defined as invasion with increased mitotic activity that had a Ki-67 labeling index (LI) greater than 3%, and extensive p53 immunoreactivity. However, aPAs that exhibit all of these features are rare and the predictive value for recurrence in pituitary adenomas (PAs) remains uncertain. Thus, we sought to characterize pathological features of PAs that correlated with recurrence. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-seven cases of surgically resected PA or aPA were retrieved from 2011 to 2013 in Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital. Among them, 28 cases were confirmed to be recurrent, based on pathologic or radiologic examination. The pathologic characteristics including mitosis, invasion, Ki-67 LI and p53 immunoreactivity were analyzed in relation to recurrence. RESULTS: Analysis of the pathologic features indicated that only Ki-67 LI over 3% was significantly associated with tumor recurrence (p = .02). The cases with at least one pathologic feature showed significantly higher recurrence rates (p < .01). Analysis indicated that cases with two pathologic features, Ki-67 LI over 3% and extensive p53 immunoreactivity 20% or more, were significantly associated with tumor recurrence (p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Based on these results, PA tumor recurrence can be predicted by using mitosis, invasion, Ki-67 LI (3%), or extensive p53 immunoreactivity (≥ 20%). Assessment of these features is recommended for PA diagnosis for more accurate prediction of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Classification , Diagnosis , Ki-67 Antigen , Mitosis , Pituitary Neoplasms , Recurrence , Seoul , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , World Health Organization
16.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 131-139, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Columnar cell lesion (CCL), atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) may be premalignant lesion of mammary invasive carcinoma. A few recent investigators reported that the precursor lesions exhibited mucin production and they might be potential precursor lesion for mucinous carcinoma (mCA). This study aims to investigate the incidence and histopathologic characteristics of mucinous precursor lesions, including mucinous DCIS (mDCIS) and mucinous CCL (mCCL). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed invasive carcinomas with mucin. Cases were grouped into three subgroups: pure mCA, mixed mCA, and invasive carcinoma of no special type with mucin production (IC of NST-m). Precursor lesions were evaluated with PAS and alcian blue staining. RESULTS: Total 27 cases of invasive carcinoma with mucin were analysed and classified as 18 pure mCA, 7 mixed mCA, and 2 IC of NST-m. mDCISs were found in 12 pure mCA, 4 mixed mCA and 2 IC of NST-m. mCCLs were found in 7 pure mCA and 2 mixed mCA. Majority of mucin was identified in both cytoplasm and ductal lumen, while some tumors exhibited only cytoplasmic mucin. We also observed three patterns of mDCIS classifiable by location of mucin and architecture of tumor cells. CONCLUSIONS: Cytoplasmic mucin suggested that mucinous feature of precursor lesions in the vicinity of mCA might not be a passive morphologic finding but be involved in development of mCA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Alcian Blue , Breast , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Cytoplasm , Hyperplasia , Incidence , Mucins , Research Personnel , Retrospective Studies
18.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 241-247, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207967

ABSTRACT

Angiosarcoma with predominantly epithelioid features is a rare soft tissue neoplasm and the interpretation of its cytopathologic findings may be difficult. We report a case of metastatic angiosarcoma with predominantly epithelioid features diagnosed by liquid-based cytology. The cytopathologic findings in this case differed from those of the conventional preparation and we found a clean background, no hyperchromatic nuclei and several cytoplasmic changes, including intracytoplasmic vacuoles with peculiar shapes, juxtanuclear condensation and perinuclear clearing. Identification of these changes using liquid-based cytology supplemented with immunochemistry may be helpful in reaching a correct cytopathologic diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Cytodiagnosis , Cytoplasm , Diagnosis , Hemangiosarcoma , Immunochemistry , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Vacuoles
19.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 536-544, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14699

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Incretin-based therapies are rapidly becoming one of the main glycemic control strategies in diabetes. Considering the large numbers of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) and possible effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on cell proliferation, the expression of GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) in PTC is likely to have clinical significance. We performed this study to evaluate the expression of GLP-1R in PTC and the clinical meaning of GLP-1R expression in PTC. METHODS: Fifty-six cases of PTC, four cases of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), seven cases of nodular hyperplasia and 56 normal thyroid tissue samples were selected for immunostaining for GLP-1R. Clinical parameters were obtained by retrospective review of medical records. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical staining for GLP-1R showed immunoreactivity in 18 of 56 cases of PTC (32.1%). All four cases of MTC exhibited cytoplasmic GLP-1R expression. Nodular hyperplasia exhibited immunoreactivity in two of seven cases (28.6%). All normal thyroid follicular cells showed negative immunoreactivity. In univariable and multivariable analyses, tumor multifocality was negatively correlated with GLP-1R expression. Extrathyroidal extension showed positive association with GLP-1R expression that was almost significant. Sex, age, tumor size, and lymph node metastasis were not significantly associated with GLP-1R expression. CONCLUSION: Some parts of PTC tissues express GLP-1R, and GLP-1R expression in PTC was negatively correlated with tumor multifocality. The long-term influence of pharmacologically increased GLP-1 on thyroid follicular cells and development and progression of tumors originating from thyroid follicular cells should be investigated.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Cytoplasm , Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 , Hyperplasia , Lymph Nodes , Medical Records , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor
20.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 121-128, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110225

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Breast cancer displays varying molecular and clinical features. The ability to form breast tumors has been shown by several studies with aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) positive cells. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between ALDH1 expression and clinicopathologic characteristics of invasive ductal carcinoma. METHODS: We investigated breast cancer tissues for the prevalence of ALDH1+ tumor cells and their prognostic value. The present study included paraffin-embedded tissues of 70 patients with or without recurrences. We applied immunohistochemical staining for the detection of ALDH1+ cells. Analysis of the association of clinical outcomes and molecular subtype with marker status was conducted. RESULTS: ALDH1+ and ALDH1- tumors were more frequent in triple-negative breast cancers and in luminal A breast cancers, respectively (p<0.01). ALDH1 expression was found to exert significant impact on disease free survival (DFS) (ALDH1+ vs. ALDH1-, 53.1+/-6.7 months vs. 79.2+/-4.7 months; p=0.03) and overall survival (OS) (ALDH1+ vs. ALDH1-, 68.5+/-4.7 months vs. 95.3+/-1.1 months; p<0.01). In triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients, DFS and OS showed no statistical differences according to ALDH1 expression (ALDH1+ vs. ALDH1-, 45.3+/-9.4 months vs. 81.3+/-7.4 months, p=0.52; 69.0+/-7.5 months vs. 91.3+/-6.3 months, p=0.67). However, non-TNBC patients showed significant OS difference between ALDH1+ and ALDH1- tumors (ALDH1+ vs. ALDH1-, 77.6+/-3.6 months vs. 98.0+/-1.0 months; p=0.04) with no statistical difference of DFS (ALDH1+ vs. ALDH1-, 60.5+/-8.0 months vs. 81.8+/-4.6 months; p=0.27). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that the expression of ALDH1 in breast cancer may be associated with TNBC and poor clinical outcomes. On the basis of our findings, we propose that ALDH1 expression in breast cancer could be correlated with poor prognosis, and may contribute to a more aggressive cancer phenotype.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal , Disease-Free Survival , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Phenobarbital , Phenotype , Prevalence , Prognosis , Recurrence , Stem Cells , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
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