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1.
The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics ; : 202-213, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002869

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#This prospective clinical study was conducted to evaluate the clinical usefulness of the freely detachable zirconia ball- and spring-retained implant prosthesis (BSRP) through a comparative analysis of screw- and cement-retained implant prosthesis (SCRP). @*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#A multi-center, randomized, prospective clinical study evaluating the clinical usefulness of the detachable zirconia ball- and spring-retained implant prostheses was conducted. Sixty-four implant prostheses in 64 patients were examined. Periodic observational studies were conducted at 0, 3, 6, and 12 months after delivery of the implant prosthesis. Factors such as implant success rate, marginal bone resorption, periodontal pocket depth, plaque and bleeding index, and prosthetic complications were evaluated, respectively. @*RESULTS@#During the 1-year observation period, all implants survived without functional problems and clinical mobility, showing a 100% implant success rate. Marginal bone resorption was significantly higher in the SCRP group than in the BSRP group only at the time of implant prosthesis delivery (P = .043). In all observation periods, periodontal pocket depth was slightly higher in the BSRP group than in the SCRP group, but there was no significant difference (P > .05). The modified plaque index (mPI) scores of both groups were moderate. Higher ratio of a score 2 in modified sulcus bleeding index (mBI) was observed in the BSRP group in the 6- and 12-months observation. @*CONCLUSION@#Within the limitations of this study, the newly developed zirconia ball- and spring-retained implant prosthesis could be considered as an applicable and predictable treatment method along with the existing screw- and cement-retained prosthesis.

2.
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Journal ; : 124-131, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002674

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the efficiency of the pediatric emergency ward (PEW) through the outcomes of children hospitalized to the ward by the department of pediatric emergency medicine (PEM). @*Methods@#A chart review was completed for children (< 15 years) who were hospitalized to the PEW via the pediatric emergency center from March through May 2021. We compared the general characteristics and details regarding the outcomes depending on the departments they were hospitalized to, namely PEM, pediatrics (PED), and others. @*Results@#We analyzed a total of 606 hospitalized children: PEM, 91; PED, 456; and others, 59. In the order listed above, their median ages were 2 years (interquartile range, 1-6), 1 year (0-4), and 9 years (7-14) (P < 0.001). The numbers of children with Korean Triage and Acuity Scale of 1-3 were 71 (78.0%), 400 (87.7%), and 33 (55.9%) (P < 0.001). Median length of stay (LOS) in the emergency department (ED) and hospital tended to be shorter in PEM (ED LOS: PEM, 4.3 hours vs. PED and others, 4.0-6.3 hours; hospital LOS: PEM, 19.0 hours vs. PED and others, 58.5-63.8 hours; all Ps < 0.001). The differences in the LOS were prominent between others and PEM (ED LOS, 1.538 [95% confidence interval, 1.353-1.749]; hospital LOS, 3.375 [2.741-4.157]). Transfers to other departments occurred only in PEM (4.4%) and PED (3.9%) whereas intensive care was performed only in others (27.1%). Return visits showed no difference among the 3 departments. Top 5 chief complaints and primary diagnoses of the children hospitalized to PEM were vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, head injury, and poisoning, and gastroenteritis, concussion, syncope, poisoning, and upper respiratory infection, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Hospitalization to PEWs for short-term treatment or observation may relieve overcrowding in EDs or in hospitals, with comparable frequency of return visits.

3.
Korean Journal of Dental Materials ; (4): 135-144, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002151

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of different cooling rates and subsequent post-firing heat treatment on the final hardness of a metal-ceramic alloy. For this, Specimens of Pd-Ag-In-Sn alloy underwent simulated firing at two different cooling rates, followed by post-firing heat treatment. Hardness measurement, microstructure observation, and crystal structure analysis were conducted on the firing simulated and post-firing heat-treated specimens to analyze the causes of hardness variations. The experimental results showed that the difference in cooling rates during simulated firing had an impact on the final hardness of the alloy, and the specimens cooled at the slowest rate (Stage 3) exhibited higher hardness at all firing Stages compared to the specimens cooled at the highest rate (Stage 0). Regardless of the difference in cooling rates during the firing process, the hardness of the alloy significantly increased by the post-firing heat treatment. The increase in hardness by the post-firing heat treatment was attributed to the formation of fine precipitates in the matrix, and the precipitation reaction occurred as a result of the decrease in solubility of (Pd, Ag, Au) 3 (In, Sn, Zn) phase in the Pd-Ag-rich matrix. The clinical significance of this study is that performing the post-firing heat treatment demonstrates effectiveness in increasing the reduced hardness after porcelain firing in metal-ceramic alloys.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e266-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001225

ABSTRACT

Background@#The Gout Impact Scale (GIS), part of the Gout Assessment Questionnaire 2.0, measures gout-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study aimed to translate the GIS into Korean and validate the Korean version (K-GIS) using generic HRQOL measures. @*Methods@#The GIS was translated into Korean and back-translated into English. We asked patients aged 18 years or older who met the 2015 gout classification criteria to fill out the questionnaires (from January 2022 to June 2022); the K-GIS (5 scales [0–100 scores each]), along with the Korean version of Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and EuroQol-5 dimension (EQ-5D). We investigated the internal consistency, construct validity, and discriminative validity for gout characteristics of K-GIS. The K-GIS form was administrated to patients 4 weeks later to assess the test-retest reliability using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). @*Results@#One hundred patients completed the questionnaire. The mean ± standard deviation age of the patients was 53.0 ± 15.1 years, and 99.0% of the patients were men. All scales had high degree of internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = 0.59 to 0.96) and test-retest reliability (n = 18, ICC = 0.83 to 0.94, all P 6 mg/dL, frequent gout flares in the past year, and fewer comorbidities. In contrast, neither the HAQ nor the EQ-5D could discern these subsets of patients. @*Conclusion@#The K-GIS is a reliable and valid HRQOL measure for patients with gout. Higher K-GIS scores were associated with clinical characteristics leading to unfavorable outcomes, which were not demonstrated by the HAQ and EQ-5D.

5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 292-301, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000782

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Detection of multifocal, multicentric, and contralateral breast cancers in patients affects surgical management. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) can identify additional foci that were initially undetected by conventional imaging. However, its use is limited owing to low specificity and high false-positive rate. Multiparametric MRI (DCE-MRI + diffusion-weighted [DW] MRI) can increase the specificity. We aimed to describe the protocols of our prospective, multicenter, observational cohort studies designed to compare the diagnostic performance of DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI for the diagnosis of multifocal, multicentric cancer and contralateral breast cancer in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer. @*Methods@#Two studies comparing the performance of DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI for the diagnosis of multifocal, multicentric cancer (NCT04656639) and contralateral breast cancer (NCT05307757) will be conducted. For trial NCT04656639, 580 females with invasive breast cancer candidates for breast conservation surgery whose DCE-MRI showed additional suspicious lesions (breast imaging reporting and data system [BI-RADS] category ≥ 4) on DCE-MRI in the ipsilateral breast will be enrolled. For trial NCT05307757, 1098 females with invasive breast cancer whose DCE-MRI showed contralateral lesions (BI-RADS category ≥ 3 or higher on DCE-MRI) will be enrolled. Participants will undergo 3.0-T DCE-MRI and DWMRI. The diagnostic performance of DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI will be compared.The receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and characteristics of the detected cancers will be analyzed. The primary outcome is the difference in the receiver operating characteristic curve between DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI interpretation. Enrollment completion is expected in 2024, and study results are expected to be presented in 2026.Discussion: This prospective, multicenter study will compare the performance of DCE-MRI versus multiparametric MRI for the preoperative evaluation of multifocal, multicentric, and contralateral breast cancer and is currently in the patient enrollment phase.

6.
Ultrasonography ; : 238-248, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969235

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study evaluated the role of donor kidney ultrasonography (US) for predicting functional kidney volume and identifying ideal kidney grafts in deceased donor kidney transplantation. @*Methods@#In total, 272 patients who underwent deceased donor kidney transplantation from 2000 to 2020 at Samsung Medical Center were enrolled. Donor kidney information (i.e., right or left) was provided to the radiologist who performed US image re-analysis. To binarize each kidney’s ultrasound parameters, an optimal cutoff value for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 within 1 year after kidney transplantation was selected using the receiver operating characteristic curve with a specificity >60%. Cox regression analysis was performed for an eGFR less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 within 1 year after kidney transplantation and graft failure within 2 years after kidney transplantation. @*Results@#The product of renal length and cortical thickness was a statistically significant predictor of graft function. The odds ratios of an eGFR less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 within a year after kidney transplantation and the hazard ratio of graft failure within 2 years after kidney transplantation were 5.91 (P=0.003) and 5.76 (P=0.022), respectively. @*Conclusion@#Preoperative US of the donor kidney can be used to evaluate donor kidney function and can predict short-term graft survival. An imaging modality such as US should be included in the donor selection criteria as an additional recommendation. However, the purpose of this study was not to narrow the expanded criteria but to avoid catastrophic consequences by identifying ideal donor kidneys using preoperative US.

7.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 26-35, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967690

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate treatment patterns and healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) after initiating biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) in Korean patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). @*Methods@#Patients newly diagnosed with RA in 2014 were identified and followed up on using the Korean National Health Insurance Database until 2018. The initial line of therapy (LOT) or LOT1 included patients treated with conventional DMARDs (cDMARD). Patients who started a bDMARD were assigned to LOT2 bDMARD. Those who moved from a bDMARD to a Janus kinase inhibitor were assigned to LOT3. Analyzed outcomes were treatment patterns and HCRU in LOT2 bDMARD. @*Results@#The most prescribed initial bDMARD was a tumor necrosis factor inhibitor. Seventy-five percent of patients had changes in treatment after starting a bDMARD, such as addition/removal or switch of a DMARD, and transition to LOT3. For the first and second changes in LOT2 bDMARD, adding a cDMARD to a bDMARD was more common than switching to another bDMARD (7.98% vs. 2.93% for the first change, and 17.10% vs. 6.51% for the second change). Tocilizumab was the most common bDMARD that was switched to. Forty-eight percent of patients had at least one hospitalization after initiating bDMARDs. Of these patients, 64.3% were admitted due to RA-related reasons. @*Conclusion@#This real-world study provides information on treatment characteristics of RA patients in Korea after starting a bDMARD. In contrary to guidelines, cDMARD addition was more often than bDMARD switches in daily clinical practice.

8.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 26-33, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966199

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to evaluate the usefulness and safety of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy in children with complex chronic diseases (CCD) with impending respiratory failure in the general ward. @*Methods@#Medical records of subjects with HFNC oxygen use in the general ward at a Korean tertiary children’s hospital were reviewed. Children with CCD and impending respiratory failure were included. treatment success was defined as successful weaning from HFNC oxygen support and treatment failure as weaning failure that led to higher level of respiratory support such as invasive ventilation or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. @*Results@#Fifty cases were included. Thirty-five cases (70%) were weaned off HFNC oxygen successfully, 15 cases (30%) failed. At the time of HFNC oxygen administration, the treatment failure group showed higher heart rate (P = 0.043), carbon dioxide partial pressure (P = 0.002), and initial inspired oxygen fraction (P = 0.007). Within 72 hours of initial treatment, 20% of patients in the treatmentsuccess group were weaned off the HFNC oxygen and half in the treatment-failure group required invasive ventilation. One case experienced complication. @*Conclusion@#HFNC oxygen is safe and effective for respiratory support in the general ward to avoid invasive mechanical ventilation in children with CCD and impending respiratory failure.

9.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 34-42, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966198

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#There is a lack of a report about the trajectories of allergen sensitization, although it is important to understand the change of allergen sensitization to manage allergic disease. This study aimed to analyze the change and trajectories of allergen sensitization in children with respiratory and allergic diseases. @*Methods@#From 2006 to 2020, children with respiratory and allergic diseases or screened for allergic sensitization were evaluated. We visualized the alterations and the trajectories of allergen sensitization using stacked area graphs, box plots, and Sankey diagrams. @*Results@#A total of 2,804 subjects were included, and allergic rhino-conjunctivitis was diagnosed in 1,931 children (68.9%). The mean age for the first test was 4.1 years, and that for the second test was 6.5 years. Children sensitized to class 1 food allergen before age 5 showed sensitizations more for other allergens and at a younger age after age 5 than children who were not. The atopic tendency continued once it had been obtained before the early school age in the persistence or the new development of sensitization. @*Conclusion@#Allergen sensitization has changed over time and has shown different patterns according to age. Its trajectory has taken a wide variety of courses in children with respiratory and allergic diseases until the early school age. These changes reflect the allergic diseases and socio-environmental characteristics of children and adolescents.

10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 384-394, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977436

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The radiographic assessment of lung edema (RALE) score enables objective quantification of lung edema and is a valuable prognostic marker of adult acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We aimed to evaluate the validity of RALE score in children with ARDS. @*Materials and Methods@#The RALE score was measured for its reliability and correlation to other ARDS severity indices. ARDSspecific mortality was defined as death from severe pulmonary dysfunction or the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy. The C-index of the RALE score and other ARDS severity indices were compared via survival analyses. @*Results@#Among 296 children with ARDS, 88 did not survive, and there were 70 ARDS-specific non-survivors. The RALE score showed good reliability with an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.809 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.760–0.848]. In univariable analysis, the RALE score had a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.19 (95% CI, 1.18–3.11), and the significance was maintained in multivariable analysis adjusting with age, ARDS etiology, and comorbidity, with an HR of 1.77 (95% CI, 1.05–2.91). The RALE score was a good predictor of ARDS-specific mortality, with a C-index of 0.607 (95% CI, 0.519–0.695). @*Conclusion@#The RALE score is a reliable measure for ARDS severity and a useful prognostic marker of mortality in children, especially for ARDS-specific mortality. This score provides information that clinicians can use to decide the proper time of aggressive therapy targeting severe lung injury and to appropriately manage the fluid balance of children with ARDS.

11.
Korean Journal of Community Nutrition ; : 104-113, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977195

ABSTRACT

Objectives@# The purpose of this study was to analyze high-sugar food consumption habits frequency among elementary school students, and their correlations with eating habits and sweet taste assessment. @*Methods@# The participants of the study were 164 elementary school students in Daegu, in the fifth or sixth grade, along with their parents. A questionnaire investigated eating habits, high-sugar food consumption habits and frequency, and sweet taste assessment. @*Results@# The average eating habits score for elementary school students was determined to be 71.7 out of 100. Students with higher eating habits scores had lower high-sugar food consumption habits and frequency compared to those with lower eating habits scores. Sweet taste assessment revealed that students who preferred less sweetness chose a 5% sugar concentration, those with a preference for normal sweetness chose a 10% sugar concentration, and those who preferred sweeter tastes chose a 20% sugar concentration. Sweet taste assessment showed that students who tended to prefer less sweetness had the highest eating habits scores and the lowest scores for high-sugar food consumption habits and frequency.In addition, eating habits scores were found to be negatively correlated with high-sugar food consumption habits, high-sugar food consumption frequency, and sweet taste assessment. The sweet taste assessment was positively correlated with high-sugar food consumption habits and frequency. @*Conclusions@# Our results indicate that students with good eating habits had more desirable overall sugar intake habits, and when the preference for sweetness was high, the frequency of high-sugar food consumption was also high. Our study highlights the importance of educating elementary school students and their parents about the harmful effects of excessive sugar consumption, as well as the benefits of adopting healthy eating habits and creating supportive environments.

12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 927-938, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999778

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is emerging as a valuable non-invasive tool to identify tumor heterogeneity and tumor burden. This study investigated ctDNA dynamics in metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with regorafenib. @*Materials and Methods@#In this prospective biomarker study, plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) samples obtained at baseline, at the first response evaluation after 2 cycles of treatment, and at the time of progressive disease were sequenced using a targeted next-generation sequencing platform which included 106 genes. @*Results@#A total of 285 blood samples from 110 patients were analyzed. Higher baseline cfDNA concentration was associated with worse progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). After 2 cycles of treatment, variant allele frequency (VAF) in the majority of ctDNA mutations decreased with a mean relative change of –31.6%. Decreases in the VAF of TP53, APC, TCF7L2, and ROS1 after 2 cycles of regorafenib were associated with longer PFS. We used the sum of VAF at each time point as a surrogate for the overall ctDNA burden. A reduction in sum (VAF) of ≥ 50% after 2 cycles was associated with longer PFS (6.1 vs. 2.7 months, p=0.002), OS (11.3 vs. 5.9 months, p=0.001), and higher disease control rate (86.3% vs. 51.1%, p < 0.001). VAF of the majority of the ctDNA mutations increased at the time of disease progression, and VAF of BRAF increased markedly. @*Conclusion@#Reduction in ctDNA burden as estimated by sum (VAF) could be used to predict treatment outcome of regorafenib.

13.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 640-647, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999691

ABSTRACT

The skin, the largest organ in the body, undergoes age-related changes influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The primary external factor is photoaging which causes hyperpigmentation, uneven skin surface, deep wrinkles, and markedly enlarged capillaries. In the human dermis, it decreases fibroblast function, resulting in a lack of collagen structure and also decreases keratinocyte function, which compromises the strength of the protective barrier. In this study, we found that treatment with γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) had no toxicity to skin fibroblasts and GABA enhanced their migration ability, which can accelerate skin wound healing. UVB radiation was found to significantly induce the production of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1), but treatment with GABA resulted in the inhibition of MMP-1 production. We also investigated the enhancement of filaggrin and aquaporin 3 in keratinocytes after treatment with GABA, showing that GABA can effectively improve skin moisturization. In vivo experiments showed that oral administration of GABA significantly improved skin wrinkles and epidermal thickness. After the intake of GABA, there was a significant decrease observed in the increase of skin thickness measured by calipers and erythema. Additionally, the decrease in skin moisture and elasticity in hairless mice exposed to UVB radiation was also significantly restored. Overall, this study demonstrates the potential of GABA as functional food material for improving skin aging and moisturizing.

14.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 100-104, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999242

ABSTRACT

Vocal cord dysfunction is one of the causes of dyspnea and is characterized by paradoxical closure of the vocal cords. The paradoxical movement of the vocal cords produces the limitation of airflow, resulting dyspnea, chest tightening, hoarseness, stridor, or wheezing. These findings are similar to those of other upper airway obstruction diseases or asthma; therefore, a high index of suspicion and clear differential diagnosis are required. Here, we discuss a case of vocal cord dysfunction aged 10 years that presented recurrent wheezing and dyspnea. The abnormal movement of the vocal cords was observed by fiberoptic laryngotracheobronchoscopy, which was correlated with stridor during respiration. Repeated episodic symptoms were controlled by the multidisciplinary team approach; however, surgical treatment was needed to stabilize the symptom.

15.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 77-81, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999235

ABSTRACT

Background@#Routine practice of antibiotic skin test (AST) before administering antibiotics is with little scientific basis. However, AST is frequently performed in real-world practice. We aimed to explore the current practice status of AST. @*Methods@#All admission cases in Severance Hospital between January 2019 and December 2020 of patients at less than 19 years of age were collected retrospectively. AST results for 4 penicillins (ampicillin, ampicillin-sulbactam, amoxicillin-clavulanate, and piperacillin-tazobactam) and 6 cephalosporins (cefazolin, cefotaxime, cefotiam, cefpiramide, ceftriaxone, and flomoxef) as well as adverse drug reaction (ADR) reports were collected. @*Results@#Among 36,381 hospitalization cases, 7,589 and 16,468 were administered penicillins and cephalosporins, respectively. Penicillins were administered without AST in 2,622 cases (35%), 2 (0.08%) of which showed ADR. Of the remaining 4,967 cases who received AST, 57 (1.1%) showed a positive reaction. For cephalosporins, 15,473 cases (94%) received antibiotics without AST. Among them, 17 cases (0.1%) showed ADRs. For 995 cases that rceived AST, 22 (2.2%) revealed a positive reaction. Among 79 cases who were AST positive, 10 took the original medication. @*Conclusion@#The current practice of AST reveals heterogeneous and inconsistent patterns. This brings the need for a standardized guideline for the safe and effective use of antibiotics.

16.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 90-95, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968625

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Bone marrow (BM) examinations are performed to evaluate hematological abnormalities. Focusing on patients with cytopenia, we aimed to determine the circumstances under which a BM examination can assist in the diagnosis of hematologic diseases. @*Methods@#The medical records of 738 patients who underwent BM examination from March 2011 to March 2019 at Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital were reviewed. In total, 234 patients underwent a BM examination to identify the cause of cytopenia. Excluded from the analysis were BM examinations performed to diagnose specific diseases and evaluate disease status. @*Results@#Results suggesting suboptimal outcome (n=6) or BM invasion of solid tumors (n=13) were excluded. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura patients (n=52) with normal BM examination results were also excluded. One hundred sixty-three patients who underwent BM examination to determine the cause of cytopenia were included in the analysis. A comparison of non-specific results (n=56) to those pointing to an underlying hematologic disease (n=107) showed that patients with severe neutropenia or severe thrombocytopenia were more likely to be diagnosed with a hematologic disease. Specifically, as the number of severe cytopenias increased, the likelihood of a hematologic disease diagnosis was significantly augmented. Patients with end-stage renal disease, autoimmune disease, or liver cirrhosis were more likely to receive non-specific results. @*Conclusion@#In conclusion, seeking the underlying disease or drug should be a primary target for patients with cytopenia. In cases of severe cytopenia in more than one lineage, BM examination should be strongly considered to diagnose an underlying hematologic disease.

17.
Nutrition Research and Practice ; : 450-463, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938855

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#Adolescents who skip breakfast have an increased prevalence of chronic diseases. Thus, we aimed to evaluate whether the intake of rice-based breakfast had positive effects on blood glucose indices and to determine the possibility of diabetes prevalence in Korean youths who habitually skip breakfast. @*SUBJECTS/METHODS@#In this randomized parallel-group controlled trial, 81 subjects who were suitable for compliance among 105 middle-and high-school students aged 12-18 years who usually skipped breakfast were included in this study (rice-meal group [RMG], n = 26; wheat-meal group [WMG], n = 29; general-meal group [GMG], n = 26). The RMG and WMG received a rice-based breakfast and a wheat-based breakfast for 12 weeks, respectively. The anthropometric indices, blood glucose indices, and metabolites were measured at baseline and the endpoint, respectively. @*RESULTS@#The mean body weights in the RMG, WMG, and GMG groups at the endpoint were 62.44 kg, 61.80 kg, and 60.28 kg, respectively, and the mean body weights of the WMG and GMG groups at the endpoint were significantly higher than that at baseline (P < 0.05). The levels of fasting insulin and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) values were significantly decreased in the RMG group at the endpoint compared to baseline (P < 0.05, P < 0.05, respectively). The levels of tryptophan and tyrosine in the WMG group at the endpoint were significantly higher than that those at baseline (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, respectively). @*CONCLUSIONS@#Rice-based breakfast has positive effects on fasting insulin levels and HOMA-IR in Korean adolescents who skip breakfast. Additionally, it was found that a skipping breakfast could increase the prevalence of diabetes in adolescents who skip breakfast. Therefore, in addition to reducing breakfast skipping, it is vital to develop a ricebased menu that fits teenage preferences to prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes.

18.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 298-307, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937670

ABSTRACT

Background@#Securing an available healthcare workforce is critical to respond to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19); however, research investigating Korea’s COVID-19 staffing response is rare. To present the fundamental data of healthcare staff in response to the surge in COVID-19 cases, we investigated the healthcare workforce response in Daegu, South Korea, which experienced the first largest outbreak of COVID-19 outside of China. @*Materials and Methods@#In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, this retrospective crosssectional study analyzed data on the scale and characteristics of healthcare workers (HCWs). Additionally, it analyzed the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of HCWs infected with COVID-19 in six major teaching hospitals (five tertiary and one secondary) in Daegu from January 19 to April 30, 2020. @*Results@#During this study period, only 1.3% (n = 611) of the total hospitalized patients (n = 48,807) were COVID-19 inpatients, but they occupied 6.0% (n = 303) of the total hospital beds (n = 5,056), and 23.7% (n = 3,471) of all HCWs (n = 14,651) worked in response to COVID-19.HCWs participating in COVID-19-related works comprised 50.6% (n = 1,203) of doctors (n = 2,379), 26.3% (n = 1,571) of nurses (n = 5,982), and 11.4% (n = 697) of other HCWs (n = 6,108).Only 0.3% (n = 51) of HCWs (n = 14,651) developed COVID-19 infections from communityacquired (66.7%) or hospital-acquired (29.4%). Nurses were affected predominantly (33.3%), followed by doctors (9.8%), caregivers (7.8%), radiographers (5.9%), and others (45.1%), including nurse aides and administrative, facility maintenance, telephone appointment centers, and convenience store staff. All HCWs infected with COVID-19 recovered completely. The 32.7% (n = 333) of individuals (n = 1,018) exposed to HCWs who had COVID-19 were quarantined, and only one case of secondary transmission among them occurred. @*Conclusion@#The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated significant staffing and facility usage, which is disproportionate to the relatively low number of COVID-19 inpatients, imposing a substantial burden on healthcare resources. Therefore, beyond the current reimbursement level of the Korean National Health Insurance, a new type of rewarding system is needed to prepare hospitals for the emerging outbreaks of infectious diseases. Keeping HCWs safe from COVID-19 is crucial for maintaining the healthcare workforce during a sudden massive outbreak. Further studies are needed to determine the standards of required HCWs through detailed research on the working hours and intensity of HCWs responding to COVID-19.

19.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 71-79, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918876

ABSTRACT

Excessive crown height space increases can cause crestal bone loss and screw loosening after prosthesis is placed. Milled bar and implant overdenture can be used as a treatment method for partially edentulous patients who have severe alveolar bone loss and excessive crown height space. Milled bar can provide primary splinting effect and stability between implants. Also, milled bar with additional retention device such as Advanced Dental Device-Treatment Of Choice (ADD-TOC) and magnet can provide additional retention force for implant overdenture. In this case, the patient has a partially edentulous mandible that has severe alveolar bone loss and multiple number of teeth loss after excision due to leiomyosarcoma. Because of the long-term loss of mandibular molars, the opposing teeth were extruded. Maxillary left molars were corrected to the occlusal plane through molar intrusion, and mandibular left molar region were treated with implant overdenture, using milled bar with ADD-TOC and magnet after implant placement. The clinical result was satisfactory on the aspect of esthetic and masticatory function.

20.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 160-167, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926952

ABSTRACT

One of the treatment options for edentulous state patients with residual ridge resorption is implant overdenture using milled bar and attachment. It not only provides improved retention and stability but can also reduce the coverage of palatal surface. In addition, when a small number of implants are used, milled bar has the effect of being splinted between implant fixtures, which makes it mechanically advantageous under functions such as mastication. The patient in this case was a maxillary edentulous state patient with a considerable amount of residual alveolar bone resorption after removing the existing failed implants. Three implants were planted on both sides and an implant overdenture was fabricated using milled bar and ADD-TOC attachment.

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