Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 52
Filter
1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 325-331, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999436

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The number of elderly patients, especially aged ≥80 years, undergoing emergency surgery is gradually increasing. The aim of this study was to find out the trends and results of emergency general surgery for elderly patients over 9 years in an emergency medical center in South Korea, where the population is aging most rapidly. @*Methods@#The clinical characteristics, outcomes, and medical expenses of emergency general surgery for the elderly (aged 65–79 years) and highly elderly (aged ≥80 years) patients who visited to a regional emergency medical center from 2012 to 2020 were analyzed. @*Results@#The number of highly elderly patients increased with each 3-year interval, whereas the proportion of patients aged 19–79 years was similar, and that of pediatric patients was decreasing. The higher the age group, the higher the mortality (young adult vs. elderly vs. highly elderly: odds ratio [OR], 1 vs. 3.689 vs. 11.293; P < 0.001) and complication rates (OR, 1 vs. 2.840 vs. 4.633; P < 0.001), and longer length of hospital stay (β = 0.949, P = 0.001) even after adjusting for the type of surgery and the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification. Non-covered medical expenses were significantly related to the age groups (β = 151,608.802, P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#The higher age group was associated with increased number of unfavorable outcomes after emergency general surgery, along with increased medical cost. Efforts to prevent emergency surgery for elderly patients and a specialized treatment system are needed.

2.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 100-108, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874205

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Diverting stoma (DS) and transanal tube (TAT) are the 2 main procedures for reducing anastomotic leak (AL) in rectal cancer surgery. However, few studies have compared the protective effect of the 2 modalities against AL. @*Methods@#Total of 165 patients with mid rectal cancer, who underwent curative resection from 2012 to 2017, were included.Clinical characteristics and outcomes were compared. Risk factors for AL were identified using multivariate analysis. @*Results@#The DS group had lower tumor location, higher rates of neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy, and longer operative time than the TAT group. However, the level of the anastomosis did not show statistically significant differences (DS: 4.6 cm vs. TAT: 4.9 cm, P = 0.061). AL occurred in 14 of the 165 patients (8.5%), with 10 (10.2%) in the DS group and 4 (6.0%) in the TAT group (P = 0.405). On multivariate analysis, only low body mass index (BMI) and smoking were significantly related to AL. Neither the protection method nor neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy demonstrated statistical differences in AL. Seven of 10 patients in the DS group who experienced AL were treated conservatively, while all 4 in the TAT group underwent reoperation. @*Conclusion@#TAT seems to have comparable protective effect against AL to DS. However, in AL, DS appeared to be more effective in preventing reoperation. Therefore, DS is recommended in patients with low BMI or smoking, and with an expected higher probability of morbidity or mortality in case of reoperation. In other cases, TAT may be considered as an alternative to DS.

3.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 255-260, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831293

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. The aim of the present study was to evaluate audiologic and vestibular functions in patients with lateral semicircular canal (LSCC) dysplasia/aplasia. @*Methods@#. We conducted a retrospective study of a patients with LSCC dysplasia and aplasia at tertiary referral center. The subjects included 15 patients with LSCC dysplasia or aplasia, with or without combined inner ear anomalies. Medical history, temporal bone computed tomography scans, pure-tone audiograms, and vestibular function test results were analyzed. @*Results@#. LSCC anomaly was identified in 15 patients (20 ears). Nine patients had unilateral LSCC dysplasia only and showed a mean pure-tone average of 45.5±28.7 dB, while three patients (33.3%) among them had normal hearing. Six patients had bilateral LSCC dysplasia/aplasia combined with other inner ear anomalies and profound bilateral hearing loss. Notably, only four out of 15 patients (26.7%) had dizziness symptoms. On caloric test, patients with isolated LSCC dysplasia showed a 51.8%±29.3% level of canal paresis (eight out of nine patients showed anomalies), whereas patients with bilateral LSCC dysplasia/aplasia presented bilateral vestibular loss. One patient with isolated LSCC underwent video-head impulse test; horizontal canal gain decreased to 0.62 (17% asymmetry) and anterior canal gain was 0.45 (52.6% asymmetry), whereas posterior canal gain was normal. @*Conclusion@#. Bilateral LSCC dysplasia/aplasia is comorbid with other inner ear anomalies and presents as profound bilateral hearing loss and vestibulopathy. In contrast, isolated unilateral LSCC dysplasia presents as ipsilateral horizontal canal paresis. Hearing function in isolated LSCC dysplasia is usually, but not always, impaired with varying severity.

4.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 264-272, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830375

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Many studies have shown that the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols improve postoperative surgical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to observe the effects on postoperative inflammatory markers and to explore the effects of a high degree of compliance and the use of epidural anesthesia on inflammation and surgical outcomes. @*Methods@#Four hundred patients underwent colorectal cancer surgery at 2 hospitals during 2 different periods, namely, from January 2006 to December 2009 and from January 2017 to July 2017. Data related to the patient’s clinicopathological features, inflammatory markers, percentage of compliance with elements of the ERAS protocol, and use of epidural anesthesia were collected from a prospectively maintained database. @*Results@#The complication rate and the length of hospital stay (LOS) were less in the ERAS group than in the conventional group (P = 0.005 and P ≤ 0.001, respectively). The postoperative white blood cell count and the duration required for leukocytes to normalize were reduced in patients following the ERAS protocol (P ≤ 0.001). Other inflammatory markers, such as lymphocyte count (P = 0.008), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (P = 0.032), and C-reactive protein level (P ≤ 0.001), were lower in the ERAS protocol group. High compliance ( ≥ 70%) was strongly associated with the complication rate and the LOS (P = 0.008 and P ≤ 0.001, respectively). @*Conclusion@#ERAS protocols decrease early postoperative inflammation and improves short-term postoperative recovery outcomes such as complication rate and the LOS. High compliance ( ≥ 70%) with the ERAS protocol elements accelerates the positive effects of ERAS on surgical outcomes; however, the effect on inflammation was very small.

5.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 229-237, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762334

ABSTRACT

The oncological outcomes of laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery were evaluated in recent multicenter randomized clinical trials (RCTs). The MRC-CLASSIC, COLOR II, and COREAN trials found no differences in local recurrence or disease-free survival rate between laparoscopic and open surgery. However, the noninferiority of laparoscopic surgery with respect to open surgery for rectal cancer was not established on statistical analysis in the ACOSOG Z6051 and the ALaCaRT trials. Quality of total mesorectal excision (TME) is one of the most important prognostic factors. Incomplete TME had unfavorable oncologic outcomes compared to complete TME. Although TME quality can be clearly identified on pathologic evaluation, there is controversy regarding the acceptable range of oncologically safe TME for laparoscopic surgery. It is not certain whether near-complete TME has an unfavorable oncologic impact and whether laparoscopic surgery with near-complete TME is an oncological threat. Therefore, the surgical community will be interested in the long-term outcomes and meta-analyses of ongoing large-scale RCTs. Laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery has been steadily improving its safety for oncology surgery, which has been reported consistently in various multicenter RCTs. To improve surgical quality, colorectal surgeons should choose the most appropriate surgical technique, including laparoscopic surgery.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Laparoscopy , Quality Control , Rectal Neoplasms , Recurrence , Surgeons , Treatment Outcome
6.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 254-261, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762330

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) in stage IIa colon cancer is controversial. This study aimed to investigate the factors influencing survival in patients with stage IIa colon cancer, the role of AC, and the indications for AC utilization by surgical oncologists. METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2010, 736 patients with stage IIa colon cancer underwent curative resection in 1 of 6 participating hospitals. Factors related to survival were identified and analyzed according to whether AC was administered or not. After high- and low-risk groups were identified, their respective results were analyzed. RESULTS: The 5-year overall survival (OS) of stage IIa colon cancer was 90.3%. With the exception of poorly differentiated histology, indications for AC did not include typical high-risk factors. The indications for AC were significantly younger patients, higher body mass index (BMI), lower American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification, and higher histologic grade. BMI, preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen, and harvested lymph node (LN) count were significant factors for disease-free survival, while BMI and ASA physical status classification were significant factors for OS in the chemotherapy group. In the high-risk group, AC was associated with increased OS in univariate analysis. BMI and harvested LN count were statistically significant in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Surgical oncologists consider the patient's condition and postoperative course rather than high-risk factors to determine use of AC. Regardless of AC use, both the extent of surgery and the patient's subsequent status affected the survival rate in the high-risk group. None of the factors identified influenced survival rate in the low-risk group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Mass Index , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Classification , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Surgeons , Survival Rate
7.
Journal of Audiology & Otology ; : 6-12, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740318

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dizziness is a common condition in outpatient clinics. Comorbid conditions such as anxiety and/or depression often complicate a patient’s ability to cope with dizziness. The purpose of the present study was to explore the extent of psychiatric distress using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and to compare the results with the subjective severity of dizziness. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study included a total of 456 consecutive patients presenting with acute (n=327) and chronic (n=127) dizziness symptoms. The HADS was used to estimate emotional distress and compare between patients with acute and chronic dizziness symptoms. Also, we calculated correlations between subjective dizziness handicap scores and emotional distress using the total and subscale scores of the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Disability Scale (DS), and HADS. RESULTS: The HADS total and subscale scores were significantly increased in patients with chronic dizziness (p<0.01) compared with those with acute symptoms. In patients with symptoms of both acute and chronic dizziness, moderate correlations were evident between the DHI and HADS total scores. When we compared DHI subscale scores with the HADS scores, the emotional DHI subscale scores correlated more highly with the HADS total scores and the scores on the anxiety and depression subscales, than did the functional or physical DHI subscale scores. CONCLUSIONS: Increased levels of distress measured using the HADS in patients with chronic symptoms suggest that emotional status of the patients may contribute to prolongation of dizziness symptoms from the acute phase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Anxiety , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression , Dizziness , Stress, Psychological
8.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 36-41, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739148

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A laparoscopic colectomy in colorectal-cancer patients is usually associated with a high risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of injection of long-acting 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist for the reduction of PONV in patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 48 patients scheduled to undergo a laparoscopic colectomy for colorectal cancer were randomized in a double-blinded fashion. Patients were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 groups and assigned to receive either 0.3 mg of ramosetron intravenously (group A, n = 25) or 2 mL of normal saline (placebo) (group B, n = 22) immediately after the operation. The incidence of PONV, the nausea severity scale score, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score for pain, the total amount of patient-controlled analgesia used, the recovery of bowel function, and morbidities were assessed at 1 hour and at 24, 48, and 72 hours after surgery. RESULTS: The baseline and the operative characteristics were similar between the groups (P > 0.05). The number of cases without PONV (complete response) was higher for group A (ramosetron) than group B (normal saline): 24 hours after surgery, 92.0% (23 of 25) for group A versus 54.5% (12 of 22) for group B; 48 hours after surgery, 92% (23 of 25) for group A versus 81.8% (18 of 22) for group B (both P < 0.05). No serious adverse events occurred. CONCLUSION: Postoperative ramosetron injection is effective for the prevention of PONV after a laparoscopic colectomy in colorectal-cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Colectomy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Incidence , Nausea , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Serotonin , Vomiting
9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1149-1163, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717752

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Debates exist regarding the effectiveness of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage II colon cancer. This study aimed to investigate the current status of adjuvant chemotherapy and its impact on survival for Korean stage II colon cancer patients by analyzing the National Quality Assessment data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 7,880 patientswho underwent curative resection for stage II colon adenocarcinoma between January 2011 andDecember 2014 in Koreawere selected randomly as evaluation subjects for the quality assessment. The factors that influenced overall survival were identified. The high-risk group was defined as having at least one of the following: perforation/obstruction, lymph node harvest less than 12, lymphovascular/perineural invasion, positive resection margin, poor differentiation, or pathologic T4 stage. RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 38 months (range, 1 to 63 months). Chemotherapy was a favorable prognostic factor for either the high- (hazard ratio [HR], 0.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.38 to 0.59; p < 0.001) or low-risk group (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.89; p=0.002) in multivariate analysis. This was also the case in patients over 70 years of age. The hazard ratio was significantly increased as the number of involved risk factors was increased in patients who didn’t receive chemotherapy. Adding oxaliplatin showed no difference in survival (HR, 1.36; 95% CI, 0.91 to 2.03; p=0.132). CONCLUSION: Adjuvant chemotherapy can be recommended for stage II colon cancer patients, but the addition of oxaliplatin to the regimen must be selective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
10.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 8-13, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123905

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Controversy remains regarding whether the age at which patients undergo adenoidectomy is increasing or decreasing. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze patient age at adenoidectomy over the past 30 years. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Retrospective analysis of adenoidectomy patients treated between 1984 and 2013 who were confirmed to have adenoid hypertrophy on physical examination and radiologic findings was performed. Patients were divided into three groups by decade, the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s. The numbers of patients, mean/median age, maximum age, and sex ratio were analyzed for each group. RESULTS: A total of 2,450 patients were enrolled, including 466 cases in the 1980s, 946 in the 1990s, and 1,038 in the 2000s. The mean age of patients was 7.38 years in the 1980s, 8.16 in the 1990s, and 8.37 in the 2000s and has significantly increased since the 1990s (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The mean age of patients who underwent adenoidectomy has increased over the past 30 years. Therefore, adenoid hypertrophy needs to be considered in children of all ages who visit otorhinolaryngologic departments.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adenoidectomy , Adenoids , Hypertrophy , Methods , Nasal Obstruction , Physical Examination , Retrospective Studies , Sex Ratio
12.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 35-42, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186618

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Few studies about laparoscopic surgery for splenic flexure colon cancer have been published. This study aims to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for splenic flexure colon cancer with those of conventional open surgery. METHODS: From January 2004 to December 2010, 51 consecutive patients who underwent curative resection for stages I–III splenic flexure colon cancer were enrolled. Thirty-three patients underwent laparoscopy-assisted colectomy, while 18 patients underwent conventional open colectomy. Short- and long-term outcomes of the 2 groups were compared. RESULTS: There were no differences in baseline characteristics, intra- and postoperative complications. The laparoscopy group showed longer operation time (median [interquartile range, IQR]: 295.0 [255.0–362.5] minutes vs. 180.0 [168.8–206.3] minutes, P < 0.001). In the laparoscopy group, return of bowel function was faster (median [IQR]: 3 [2–4] vs. 4 [3–5], P = 0.007) and postoperative hospital stay was shorter (median [IQR]: 9 [8–11] vs. 10.5 [9–19], P = 0.026). There were no statistically significant differences in overall survival rate (84.3% vs. 76.0%, P = 0.560) or disease-free survival rate (93.8% vs. 74.5%, P = 0.078) between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery for splenic flexure colon cancer has better short-term outcomes than open surgery, as well as acceptable long-term outcomes. Laparoscopic surgery can be a safe and feasible alternative to conventional open surgery for splenic flexure colon cancer.

13.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 160-162, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152590

ABSTRACT

Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is known to be a novel surgical approach for patients who are difficult to resolve with the traditional trans-abdominal approach. However, most of the colorectal surgeons are unfamiliar with the technique, which can lead to serious complications such as urethral injury. Hence, training through the fresh frozen cadaver has been gradually included in the formal taTME training course. The authors trained the taTME procedure with two cadavers in 2016. Two surgeons who were experts in trans-anal minimally invasive surgery and had minimal experiences in taTME performed the procedure. The total procedure time from the purse string suture to the anterior communication took about 65 minutes. The procedure proceeded well without any inadvertent injury to anatomic structures. The usefulness of the cadaveric model in training taTME was confirmed and the experience of single port surgery and trans-anal operation before the cadaveric training is considered to be important.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cadaver , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Rectal Neoplasms , Surgeons , Sutures
14.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 655-658, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56250

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease (PD) patients frequently have several spinal deformities leading to postural instabilities including camptocormia, myopathy-induced postural deformity, Pisa syndrome, and progressive degeneration, all of which adversely affect daily life activities. To improve these postural deformities and relieve the related neurologic symptoms, patients often undergo spinal instrumentation surgery. Due to progressive degenerative changes related to PD itself and other complicating factors, patients and surgeons are faced with instrument failure-related complications, which can ultimately result in multiple revision surgeries yielding various postoperative complications and morbidities. Here, we report a representative case of a 70-year-old PD patient with flat back syndrome who had undergone several revision surgeries, including anterior and posterior decompression and fusion for a lumbosacral spinal deformity. The patient ultimately benefitted from a relatively short segment fixation and corrective fusion surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Decompression , Neurologic Manifestations , Parkinson Disease , Postoperative Complications , Surgeons
15.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 51-53, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168311

ABSTRACT

Surgical fires require an ignition source, oxidizer, and fuel. The pulsed dye laser (PDL) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids in dermatology. With the increasing number of applications of CO2, laser as ignition source has been associated with operating room fires in the otorhinolaryngologic field. There have been many case reports on PDL-induced fires in dermatology, but until now, there were no reports in the larynx. We describe a 57-year-old patient diagnosed with laryngeal hyperkeratosis treated by PDL-assisted laryngomicrosurgery. In this case, we experienced incidental PDL tip flaring during pulsed dye laser vaporization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Dermatology , Fires , Keloid , Larynx , Lasers, Dye , Microsurgery , Operating Rooms , Volatilization
16.
Korean Journal of Neurotrauma ; : 171-174, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122132

ABSTRACT

All iatrogenic vascular injury occurring during discectomy is a rare complication, but fatal if not immediately diagnosed. When a vascular injury is highly suspected during discectomy, immediate vascular evaluation is needed even vital signs are stable during and immediately after the operation. We describe a case of iatrogenic abdominal aortic injury that occurred during discectomy in a spondylodiscitis patient, which was treated by endovascular repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Discitis , Diskectomy , Vascular System Injuries , Vital Signs
17.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 380-383, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179057

ABSTRACT

Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a major cause of morbidity and mortality following carotid artery stenting (CAS). We present a case of acute subdural hematoma (SDH) 2 hours after CAS. In this case, arterial origin of bleeding was verified during operation. To our knowledge, there is no prior case report of SDH without intraparenchymal nor subarachnoid hemorrhage subsequent to CAS. We postulate that SDH was caused by sudden rise in intracranial pressure due to the hyperperfusion which disrupted a corticodural bridging artery.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Carotid Arteries , Hematoma, Subdural , Hematoma, Subdural, Acute , Hemorrhage , Intracranial Pressure , Mortality , Stents , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
18.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 260-268, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-120862

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of the transanal tube (TAT) in preventing anastomotic leak (AL) in rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Clinical data of the patients who underwent curative surgery for mid rectal cancer from February 2010 to February 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Rectal cancers arising 5 to 10 cm above the anal verge were selected. Patients were divided into the ileostomy, TAT, or no-protection groups. Postoperative complications including AL and postoperative course were compared. RESULTS: We included 137 patients: 67, 35, and 35 patients were included in the ileostomy, TAT, and no-protection groups, respectively. Operation time was longer in the ileostomy group (P = 0.029), and more estimated blood loss was observed (P = 0.018). AL occurred in 5 patients (7.5%) in the ileostomy group, 1 patients (2.9%) in the TAT group, and 6 patients (17.1%) in the no-protection group (P = 0.125). Patients in the ileostomy group resumed diet more than 1 day earlier than those in the other groups (P = 0.000). Patients in the no-protection group had about 1 or 2 days longer postoperative hospital stay (P = 0.048). The ileostomy group showed higher late complication rates than the other groups as complications associated with the stoma itself or repair operation developed (P = 0.019). CONCLUSION: For mid rectal cancer surgery, the TAT supports anastomotic site protection and diverts ileostomy-related complications. Further large scale randomized controlled studies are needed to gain more evidence and expand the range of TAT usage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomotic Leak , Diet , Drainage , Ileostomy , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications , Rectal Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Stomas
19.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 156-159, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39160

ABSTRACT

Coarctation and occlusion of the aorta is a rare condition that typically presents with hypertension or cardiac failure. However, neuropathy or myelopathy may be the presenting features of the condition when an intraspinal subarachnoid hemorrhage has compressed the spinal cord causing ischemia. We report two cases of middle-aged males who developed acute non-traumatic paraplegia. Undiagnosed congenital abnormalities, such as aortic coarctation and occlusion, should be considered for patients presenting with nontraumatic paraplegia in the absence of other identifiable causes. Our cases suggest that spinal cord ischemia resulting from acute spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage and can cause paraplegia, and that clinicians must carefully examine patients presenting with nontraumatic paraplegia because misdiagnosis can delay initiation of the appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aorta , Aortic Coarctation , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnostic Errors , Heart Failure , Hypertension , Ischemia , Paraplegia , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Diseases , Spinal Cord Ischemia , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
20.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 170-172, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39156

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous epidural neuroplasty (PEN) is a known interventional technique for the management of spinal pain. As with any procedures, PEN is associated with complications ranging from mild to more serious ones. We present a case of intracranial subdural hematoma after PEN requiring surgical evacuation. We review the relevant literature and discuss possible complications of PEN and patholophysiology of intracranial subdural hematoma after PEN.


Subject(s)
Hematoma, Subdural , Hematoma, Subdural, Intracranial , Intracranial Hypotension
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL