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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To conduct prenatal diagnosis on the couples carrying Thailand deletion (--THAI) alpha-thalassemia 1 and at high risk of having fetus with alpha-thalassemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genotypes of couples and fetuses were analyzed by PCR and DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four pregnant women were patients with Hb H diseases of --THAI compounding with alpha-thalassemia 2, while their husbands were heterozygote of the Southeast Asian type alpha-thalassemia 1 (--SEA). Another 5 families, either husbands or wives were heterozygote of --THAI or --SEA. The genotypes of their fetuses were as follows: 2 cases with Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis syndrome, 1 Hb H disease, 4 alpha-thalassemia heterozygote and 2 normal. The DNA sequencing approved the PCR results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The study on prenatal diagnosis of Thailand deletion alpha-thalassemia 1 is of importance to the genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis of alpha-thalassemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Base Sequence , Female , Fetal Diseases , Blood , Diagnosis , Genetics , Genotype , Hemoglobins , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Deletion , Genetics , alpha-Thalassemia , Blood , Diagnosis , Genetics
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