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1.
Journal of Korean Diabetes ; : 142-146, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918909

ABSTRACT

Dietary management is an important factor in glycemic control among patients with diabetes mellitus. However, the range of food choices in diabetic diets is limited, increasing the amount of effort and time required to prepare meals. Home meal replacement and delivery meal services are a convenient and easy way to obtain meals prepared outside the home. The market is growing rapidly due to the increase in single-person households and the lifestyle change that prioritizes convenience. Therefore, in this paper, we review the recent revised notices from the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety related to home meal replacement and delivery meal services, and consider how home meal replacement and delivery meal services will affect blood sugar management in patients with diabetes mellitus.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763638

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, has emerged as a major global public health challenge. However, the complexity of AD in its biological, genetic, and clinical aspects has hindered the development of effective therapeutic agents. Research plans that integrate new drug discoveries are urgently needed, including those based on novel and reliable biomarkers that reflect not only clinical phenotype, but also genetic and neuroimaging information. Therapeutic strategies such as stratification (i.e., subgrouping of patients having similar clinical characteristics or genetic background) and personalized medicine could be set as new directions for developing effective drugs for AD. In this review, we describe a therapeutic strategy that is based on immune-inflammation modulation for a subgroup of AD and related dementias, arguing that the use of stratification and personalized medicine is a promising way to achieve targeted medicine. The Korean AD Research Platform Initiative based on Immune-Inflammatory biomarkers (K-ARPI) has recently launched a strategy to develop novel biomarkers to identify a subpopulation of patients with AD and to develop new drug candidates for delaying the progression of AD by modulating toxic immune inflammatory response. Sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) and its metabolites, triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-2 (TREM2) related signals, and actin motility related proteins including Nck-associated protein 1 (Nap1) were selected as promising targets to modulate neuroinflammation. Their roles in stratification and personalized medicine will be discussed.


Subject(s)
Actins , Alzheimer Disease , Biomarkers , Dementia , Humans , Inflammation , Neuroimaging , Phenotype , Phosphotransferases , Precision Medicine , Public Health , Sphingosine
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71717

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the correlation between usual vitamin K intake and response to anticoagulant therapy among patients under warfarin therapy. We conducted a retrospective survey of patients (n = 50) on continuous warfarin therapy. Clinical information and laboratory parameters were sourced from medical records. Anticoagulant effect was evaluated by using the percent time in therapeutic range (TTR) and the coefficient of variation (CV) of International normalized ratio (INR). Dietary vitamin K intake was assessed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire that has been developed for the purpose of assessing dietary intake of vitamin K. A total of 50 patients aged between 21 and 87 years were included in the study. The mean vitamin K intake was 262.8 +/- 165.2 microg/day. Study subjects were divided into tertiles according to their usual vitamin K intake. The proportion of men was significantly higher in second and third tertile than first tertile (p = 0.028). The mean percent TTR was 38.4 +/- 28.4% and CV of INR was 31.8 +/- 11.8%. Long-term warfarin therapy group (> or = 3 years) had a higher percentage of TTR as compared to the control group ( 0.05). In conclusion, no significant association was observed between usual vitamin K intake and anticoagulant effects. Further studies are required to consider inter-individual variability of vitamin K intake. Development of assessment tools to measure inter-individual variability of vitamin K intake might be helpful.


Subject(s)
Humans , International Normalized Ratio , Male , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Vitamin K , Vitamins , Warfarin
4.
Journal of Korean Diabetes ; : 104-109, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-726977

ABSTRACT

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) revised the standards of care in diabetes patients in 2014. An important component of the revised guidelines is increased consideration of individual patient factors, with patient-specific recommendations about glycemic index/glycemic load, dietary fiber, sucrose, fructose etc. Education of diabetic patients needs to include information about the amount and quality of carbohydrate intake. It can be difficult to understand the factors affecting the quality of carbohydrate intake; therefore, we have to take into these factors into consideration when providing clinical nutrition education and assistance.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Dietary Fiber , Education , Fructose , Humans , Nutrition Therapy , Standard of Care , Sucrose
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36049

ABSTRACT

Neuroinflammation such as reactive gliosis and microglial activations are important pathological findings of ALS. We present a first autopsy case of ALS in Korea related with neuroinflammatory change. A 67-year-old ALS patient suddenly expired due to accidental head trauma. Gross autopsy finding showed marked atrophic change in spinal cord. Pathological finding include a marked loss of motor neurons, reactive gliosis and microglial infiltrations. These findings suggest neuroinflammation may play a role in pathogenesis of ALS.


Subject(s)
Aged , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis , Autopsy , Craniocerebral Trauma , Gliosis , Humans , Korea , Motor Neurons , Spinal Cord
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223838

ABSTRACT

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is being widely used in an attempt to treat many hematological diseases such as leukemia, anemia, and lymphoma. To evaluate the success of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, it is very important to determine how rapidly engraftment occurs. Therefore, this retrospective study was conducted to determine which factors affected the term of engraftment during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, while focusing on the oral intake status. To accomplish this, 416 patients who underwent transplant operations at St. Mary's hospital from May 2006 to April 2008 were evaluated. The long-term engraftment group was characterized as having longer fasting days and more frequent vomiting, diarrhea, and oral mucositis incidences than the short-term engraftment group. In addition, the inhibitors of oral intake such as vomiting, diarrhea, and oral mucositis developed frequently between the pre-transplantation and 2 weeks after transplantation. A significantly negative correlation was observed between the oral intake volume and the duration of the oral intake inhibitors. A multiple regression analysis revealed that the frequency of vomiting and oral mucositis during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the length of hospitalization, and the hematocrit level in the 2 weeks after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were significant predictors of engraftment. The results of this study could be used to establish a guideline for nutritional assessment, nutritional goals, and nutritional support for patients during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Diarrhea , Fasting , Hematocrit , Hematologic Diseases , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Leukemia , Lymphoma , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Nutritional Support , Retrospective Studies , Stomatitis , Transplants , Vomiting
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